Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IST)

Airport in Istanbul, Turkey

Introduction

 Istanbul Atatürk Airport is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers. Named after the founder of modern Turkey, Istanbul Atatürk Airport is located 20km west of the city centre of Istanbul, the country's largest city. As Istanbul is situated partly in Europe and partly in Asia, it's one of only two major airports in the world that can be said to serve two continents.

The airport was originally named Yeşilköy Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served more than 60 million passengers in 2015, making it the 11th-busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th-busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. As of 2017, it is Europe's 5th-busiest airport after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Frankfurt Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, having fallen from third place after a decline in passengers due to security fears.


Airlines & Destinations

IST is the main hub for the national carrier Turkish Airlines which is the world's 4th biggest carrier by number of destinations. Also Atlasjet, Freebird Airlines and Onur Air are based here.

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean AirlinesAthens
Aegean Airlines
operated by Olympic AirSeasonal: Athens
AeroflotMoscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya AirlinesSt Petersburg
Afriqiyah AirwaysBayda, Tripoli–Mitiga
Air AlgérieAlgiers, Annaba, Constantine, Oran
Air AstanaAktau, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
Air MediterraneanAthens
Air MoldovaChișinău
Ariana Afghan AirlinesKabul
Asiana AirlinesSeoul–Incheon
Ata AirlinesTabriz, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
AtlasGlobalAdana, Aktau, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Baghdad, Belgrade, Beirut, Bodrum, Chișinău, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Gaziantep, Hamburg, İzmir, Jeddah, Karagandy, Kayseri, Konya, Krasnodar, Kuwait, London–Stansted, Makhachkala, Medina, Milan–Malpensa, Najaf, Nicosia–Ercan, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Samara, Sarajevo, Sharjah, Shymkent, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sulaymaniyah, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Trabzon, Tyumen, Volgograd, Yerevan, Zürich
Seasonal: Dalaman, Mykonos, Pristina
AtlasGlobal UkraineKharkiv, Lviv, Zaporizhia
Azerbaijan AirlinesBaku
BelaviaMinsk
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Buraq AirTripoli-Mitiga
Caspian AirlinesTehran–Imam Khomeini
EgyptAirCairo
EmiratesDubai–International
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi
Ghadames Air TransportTripoli-Mitiga
Gulf AirBahrain
Iran AirTehran–Imam Khomeini
Iran Aseman AirlinesUrmia
Iraqi AirwaysBaghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah
Jazeera AirwaysKuwait
Kam AirKabul
KLMAmsterdam
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Kuwait AirwaysKuwait
Libyan AirlinesBayda, Tripoli-Mitiga, Tripoli
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw–Chopin
LufthansaFrankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Mahan AirTehran–Imam Khomeini
Meraj AirlinesTehran–Imam Khomeini, Mashhad
Middle East AirlinesBeirut
Onur AirAdana, Amsterdam, Antalya, Berlin–Tegel, Bodrum, Chelyabinsk, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Düsseldorf, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa-Alanya, Grozny, Isfahan, İzmir, Malatya, Nalchik, Nicosia–Ercan, Moscow-Zhukovsky, Odessa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Samara, Samsun, Trabzon, Volgograd
Seasonal: Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart, Vienna
Pegasus Airlinesİzmir
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Qeshm AirlinesTehran–Imam Khomeini
Royal Air MarocCasablanca
Royal JordanianAmman–Queen Alia
SaudiaDammam, Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh
SCAT AirlinesAktau
Singapore AirlinesSingapore
Somon AirDushanbe
Taban AirIsfahan, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Tajik AirDushanbe
TAROMBucharest
TUI fly BelgiumBrussels, Charleroi
TunisairTunis
Turkish AirlinesAbidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Adana, Addis Ababa, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ahvaz, Alexandria, Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Antananarivo, Ashgabat, Asmara, Astana, Astrakhan, Athens, Atlanta, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batman, Batumi, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Bingöl, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bodrum, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Conakry, Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Çanakkale, Dakar, Dalaman, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denizli, Dhaka, Diyarbakir, Djibouti, Doha, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Durban, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Edremit, Elazığ, Entebbe/Kampala, Erbil, Erzincan, Erzurum, Frankfurt, Ganja, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa-Alanya, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Guangzhou, Hakkari, Hamburg, Hannover, Hanoi, Hatay, Havana, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Hurghada, Iğdır, Isfahan, Islamabad, İzmir, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kabul, Kahramanmaraş, Karachi, Kars, Kastamonu, Kathmandu, Kayseri, Kazan, Kharkiv, Khartoum, Kherson, Kiev–Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa-N'djili, Konya, Košice, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Kütahya, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Málaga, Malatya, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Mardin, Marseille, Mashhad, Mauritius, Mazar-i-Sharif, Medina, Merzifon, Milan–Malpensa, Miami, Minsk, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Muş, N'Djamena, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, Nevşehir, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nicosia–Ercan, Nouakchott, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Ordu-Giresun, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Samsun, San Francisco, Samara, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Singapore, Sinop, Sivas, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stavropol, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Tabriz, Ta'if, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Trabzon, Tunis, Turin, Ufa, Ulan Bator, Valencia, Van, Varna, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zaporizhia, Zürich
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Friedrichshafen, Gassim, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Münster/Osnabrück, Pisa
Turkmenistan AirlinesAshgabat, Turkmenbashi
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev–Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa
Uzbekistan AirlinesTashkent
Zagros AirlinesTehran–Imam Khomeini
ZagrosjetErbil

Transportation

People get commissions by persuading you to use special shuttle buses for very high fees (TRY30+) so, for people who wish to travel more economically, the Metro/tram-combination is easy and fairly quick and offers very good value.

By taxi 

Taxi from the airport to Taksim costs about 40–60 TRY (14-21 EUR; 15-23 USD), also about the same to Sultanahmet in the old city. There are no night fares in Istanbul any more. The price would be the same at midnight or midday.

By bus 

The express bus service run by the local airport service called "Havataş" which departs half-hourly 04:00-23:59 and costs TRY11 to Taksim, Aksaray, and Kozyatağı. The public bus (line #96T) run by İETT (the municipal bus organization) costs TRY5 (TRY3.5 with an İstanbulKart), which has fewer departure times now due to Havataş.

By light rail 

The metro operates 06:00-23:59 and is signposted "light rail" in the airport. When you get outside the baggage claim, it's about a ten minute walk in the airport to the metro line (M1A). This line will take you directly to the Otogar (bus station) or to numerous stops within Istanbul (Yenikapı in the city centre is the last stop, the transfer stations for the tram heading for deeper into the old city is available at Zeytinburnu and Aksaray). It costs TRY4, by token (+an extra TRY4 when boarding the tram) and getting to Aksaray takes around 45 minutes. It is possible to be at your bus departing from Otogar within less than one hour after landing by taking the metro. If you are going to Beyoğlu, you can change to the green line (M2) at Yenikapı and take the metro to Şişhane or Taksim.

When entering the metro station, you need to buy a jeton (token) for 4 lira. Just hand the cashier TRY4 and he'll give you a token, or use the automatic dispenser (Jetonmatik), which accepts banknotes (TRY5, TRY10) as well as coins. Use 'select' to choose the number of jetons and then push 'ok'. They don't accept credit cards or foreign currency here. This will get you on the red metro line (towards Yenikapı). From this line, if you are going to Sultanahmet, you can transfer at Zeytinburnu you will need a second token for the transfer. From Zeytinburnu, take the blue tram line T1, towards Kabataş which passes by: Sultanahmet, Eminönü and Tophane. The trip from the airport to Sultanahmet takes about 60min. Also consider buying an Istanbulkart which will pay for itself within a few trips on public transit.


Get around

Unlike many other airports, you will need to go through the security check twice: once before entering the terminal building itself, and another time before entering the area of the gates. Also expect to find huge queues at the immigration check both when entering and exiting the country, so take these into account when planning your timetable. (Showing up at the airport a minimum of two hours before your international flight, and an hour before a domestic one, is usually recommended.)

Terminals

Istanbul Atatürk Airport features two main passenger terminals which are interconnected to each other:

Domestic Terminal

Domestic Terminal is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey. Until the opening of the International Terminal, it used to be the airport's international terminal. Domestic Terminal features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges. On the ground level there are five baggage reclaim belts as well as a curbside independent from the International Terminal. 

International Terminal

The International Terminal was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights. It features a large main hall containing eight check-in isles and a wide range of airside facilities such as shops and restaurants. The departures area consists of 27 gates (201-226) which are all equipped with jetbridges as well as several bus-boarding stands. The arrivals floor below is equipped with 11 baggage reclaim belts. The International Terminal is able to handle widebody aircraft such as Turkish Airlines' Boeing 777-300ERs.

There is also an additional terminal for general aviation to the northwest of the main areas as well as a dedicated cargo terminal including sections for radioactive and refrigerated freight.

The airport terminals have been operated by TAV Airports since January 2000. TAV has already invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15½ years at an amount of $4 billion. TAV started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and three new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished. When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jetways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it.

Coffee & Restaurants

Food and drink at the airport may cost up to five times more than in the city proper, as in other international airports. If you are travelling on a budget and plan to spend some time at the airport, it may be wise to bring your own meals from town instead of buying them there. If you come from the Metro, there is a supermarket in the tunnel leading to the elevators / stairs to the airport proper where you can do some last-minute shopping.

Accommodation & Hotels

There is a single on site hotel in the airport.

  • Airport HotelAtatürk Airport International Terminal (in the international terminal), +90 212 425 40 30The hotel has both landside and airside entrances. The airside entrance is in the "international zone" (after the immigration when leaving, or before the immigration when entering the country), and it is possible to rent rooms per hour.

Airport services

Shopping

As at most airports, money exchange is more expensive than in the city. In Istanbul the airport money exchange offices accept limited currencies. It is recommended to bring US dollars or euros for the best exchange rates.

The supermarket in the tunnel leading from the metro station mentioned above has prices close to the city centre average.

When entering the country, there is a large duty free shop after the passport, and before the customs check.

 

Things to know

Visa

You probably need a visa to enter Turkey, which can usually be obtained online. Check if this applies to you, and apply in advance, at www.evisa.gov.tr.  Do not rely upon any other website, even here at Wikivoyage, as the rules may change suddenly as the security situation in Turkey evolves. Also some websites charge extra for no additional service. In general EU Schengen passport holders need no visa to enter, North American and UK residents need a visa costing US$ 20 valid for 90 days, residents of China pay US$ 60 for 30 days, and visa duration and price varies for other nations. Some travelers are not eligible for an evisa and must apply for a conventional visa via their local Turkish Embassy.

Apply at the same time as you book your trip - your 90 (or other) day visa validity will start from your stated arrival day in Turkey. Print it out and keep it with you, as well as a soft copy on your phone. As well as checks when flying, it could be demanded at an internal police check.

In theory you are permitted to arrive at Ataturk airport without a visa and use the visa office or self-service machine to apply there.  There is no similar facility at Sabiha Gokcen or other Turkish airports or at the land or sea borders, but you could apply online by mobile phone anywhere, anytime. There is no sense whatever in leaving it so late. The check-in clerk would be quite entitled to turn you away to sort yourself out then re-join the back of the queue; and then suppose the evisa website was offline for any reason?

Wait

Turkish Airlines offers free guided tours of Istanbul's sights to their passengers under a program called Touristanbul. This program includes transport from and to the airport and a traditional Turkish meal. There are different tours each day of the week taking either six or nine hours. The conditions are: you need to have a layover of at least six hours and at most 24 hours, between 09:00 and 18:00 and, in addition, both your arriving and departing flights must be international and operated by Turkish Airlines. No prior reservation is needed for these tours, you only need to proceed through customs and immigration and after that to the "hotel desk" in the arrival hall. The airline has more detailed information on their home page. Remember to check if you need a visa to enter Turkey.

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