- Airlines & Destinations
- Coffee & Restaurants
- Accommodation & Hotels
- Airport sevices
- Things to know
Munich Airport, is a major international airport near Munich, the capital of Bavaria. It is the second busiest airport in Germany handling 42 million passengers in 2016, and is a major hub for Lufthansa. As of February 2017, the airport features flights to 248 destinations, making it the airport with the fifth-most destinations worldwide.
The airport is located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich near the old city of Freisingand is named in memory of the former Bavarian Prime Minister Franz Josef Strauss. It features two passenger terminals with an additional midfield terminal and two runways as well as extensive cargo and maintenance facilities and is fully equipped to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380.
The current airport and its out of the way location are a result of growing air traffic and a need to replace the old airport. For most of the 20th century, Munich's airport was in the district of Riem, which was a lot closer to the city centre than the current airport. However, in 1992 the airport was moved to its current location to meet the demand for more capacity and more modern facilities. The Riem site was converted into a residential area, a park and numerous other uses. Munich's trade fair also moved there. The airport has continued to expand and now offers flights to most airports in Germany and Europe, as well as many intercontinental destinations. The airport is named after a longtime conservative (CSU) Bavarian politician, who was a member of the Bundestag from 1949, minister in several governments, candidate for chancellor in 1980 and prime minister of Bavaria during the last years of his life. He died in office in 1988. While he is revered by conservative Bavarians, he remains a controversial figure for non-conservative Bavarians and for those outside of Bavaria.
Currently three terminals are in use: terminal 1, terminal 2 and newly built satellite terminal (which can only be exited via terminal 2). Most of the airport's facilities, including terminal 1 and terminal 2, are between the two runways.
Airlines & Destinations
There are direct flights from most European capitals and cities to Munich as well as flights to major cities in the Americas, Middle East, Africa and Asia.
The airport has a list of the airlines currently flying to the airport, and like every other major airport real time flight information is available at the airport's website.
The airport is connected to Munich by suburban train (S-Bahn) lines S1 (for eastern districts) and S8(for western districts). Trains run every 5–20 minutes. If you are heading downtown or to Munich Central Station (München Hauptbahnhof), take whichever S-Bahn train arrives first, as both take approximately the same 50 minutes to reach the city centre.
The journey costs €10.80 for a Single Ticket (4 zones). Alternatively, you can buy a Single Day Ticket (Entire Network) for €12.40 for one person (or a Group Day Ticket (Entire Network) for €23.20 which is valid for up to five people).
A slightly cheaper option is to buy a Day Ticket (Outer District) (Tageskarte (Außenraum), a day pass for the city's outskirts which includes the green, yellow and red zones; single: €6.40, group: €12.20) and then an additional single ticket (€2.70 per person) for the trip within the inner city (white zone). Validate both tickets when starting your trip.
Make sure that your ticket is validated once (and once only; not twice etc.) before you enter the train. The machines for validating the ticket are at the top of the escalator to the station and at the station itself (right beside the ticket vending machines at the platform); there are no machines for validating the ticket inside the train. Also make sure that you validate your ticket at the right side of the ticket (which is marked with "HIER ENTWERTEN"), since validating the ticket at the wrong side invalidates the ticket. Entering the train without a validated ticket is like having no ticket at all!
Unlike for instance Frankfurt Airport, there are no local or long distance trains going to the airport's railway station. For Nuremberg, Regensburg, Würzburg and Bamberg, it is not necessary to go downtown to the central station: the quickest way to reach these destinations by public transport is to take Bus 635 from the airport to the city of Freising (which takes about 20 minutes), and catch a train from there. Don't worry about locating Freising railway station. The bus stops right next to it.
The Deutsche Bahn counter is open daily, 07:30-22:00. If the counter is closed or there is a long line, just buy your ticket at one of the machines. While the price system is (in)famously complicated and even Germans like to make jokes about it, the machines are switchable to most major European languages and usually do explain all the pitfalls of buying a ticket. Just make sure to buy a long distance ticket if you intend to take a long distance train.
The bus stations are in the front of the central area at level 03, in the front of the areas A and D of terminal 1 on street level, as well as at the northern entrance to terminal 2 at level 04. Other bus stops are located at the Holiday parking area (Urlauberparkplatz) P41 at the Modul A/B of terminal 1 and in front of terminal 2.
Lufthansa runs the Lufthansa express bus to/from Munich Central Station via the Schwabing quarter for €10.50 one-way or €17 return. They run every 15 minutes. You do not need a Lufthansa flight ticket to use the buses. There is also a Lufthansa Shuttle Service to Regensburg. INVG runs their line X109 as Ingolstädter Airport Expressbetween Ingolstadt and Munich Airport, with hourly departures in either direction in the hours flights operate. The journey from Ingolstadt to Munich Airport also takes an hour. RVO(Regionalverkehr Oberbayern) operates buses to nearby towns and villages and Airport-Linie connects the airport to Landshut and Moosburg.
In addition, the German long distance bus company FlixBus runs seven services between Innsbruck, Austria and the Munich Airport via Munich Central Bus Station from €19.50, one-way. Other operators include Regiojet and Deinbus.
There are taxi poles outside terminal 1 at the arrivals and departures level E04 right in the front of modules A-E. You can also find taxis at terminal 2 at the bus and taxi stop north of the arrivals level E03 and departures level E04 and north of the central area/MAC at level E03. The fare for a ride into central Munich is around €60.
From Munich, drive towards Deggendorf along Autobahn A 92. Exit the Autobahn at exit 6, Dreieck Flughafen. If you are coming from Passau, drive along B388 or along Autobahn A 94 and the eastern airport road (Flughafentangente Ost).
There are many parking lots and parking garages to choose from. Immediately next to the terminals there are short term parking areas (for those who are meeting arriving passengers). Near the terminals you can find parking garages numbered P1-P5, P7, P8, and P20. There the fee is €175 for 7 days, €30 for each additional day. The clearance in all parking garages is at least 2.0 m.
There are "parking lots for vacationers" (Urlauberparkplatz) numbered P41, P80 and P81 next to the road Flughafenallee. From there you can take a shuttle bus to the terminals which is free for parking ticket holders. 3-7 days of parking costs €35, additional days cost €2 each.
Walking is the easiest option, but airside there are some buses that connect the terminals. Depending on the time, the airside bus leaves about every 10-20 minutes. Due to the increasing numbers of large jets (such as Emirates' A380) there are times when buses run at full capacity.
Terminal 1 is the older terminal and commenced operation when the airport was opened on 17 May 1992. It has a total capacity of 25 million passengers per year and is subdivided into five modulesdesignated A, B, C, D and E. Modules A through D provide all facilities necessary to handle departures and arrivals, including individual landside driveways and parking, whereas module E is equipped to handle arrivals only. This design essentially makes each module a self-contained sub-terminal of its own. Modules A and D are used for flights within the Schengen-area, while modules B and C handle those to destinations outside it. Hall F is separate, located near Terminal 2, and handles flights with increased security requirements, i.e. those to Israel. Furthermore, the check-in counters for some flights departing from Terminal 1 are located in the central area Z (German: Zentralbereich) where most of the shopping and restaurant facilities of this Terminal as well as the airport's suburban railway station are also located.
The 1,081 m (3,547 ft) pier features 21 jet bridges, two of which have been rebuilt into waiting halls for bus transfers. One gate position has been equipped with three jet bridges to handle the Airbus A380 which is regularly used by Emirates. There are further 60 aircraft stands on the apron, some of which are equipped with specially designed apron jet bridges (German: Vorfeldfluggastbrücken), to which passengers are brought by bus. This unique concept allows passengers to board with full protection from the weather but without the high investments required for full satellite terminals connected through a passenger transport system.
Terminal 1 currently handles all airlines that are not members or partners of the Star Alliancewith the exception of Turkish Airlines. However, owing to lack of capacity at Terminal 2, Lufthansa's subsidiary Germanwings and former affiliate Condor both moved back to Terminal 1 in 2007. Germanwings however moved back to Terminal 2 in late 2015. Some of the major users at Terminal 1 are Air Berlin, Condor, Emirates, Qatar Airways, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, easyJet and TUIfly amongst several others.
Terminal 1 extension
As of December 2015, a major redesign of Terminal 1 including a capacity increase and an extension of the central terminal building to the west for centralised security and shopping facilities was under preparation. In November 2016, a major €400m extension and refurbishment for Terminal 1 has been announced. Terminal areas A and B will be entirely redesigned with the addition of a 320m long pier stretching out on the apron. The new facilities will provide capacity for 6 million additional passengers, will be able to handle 12 aircraft including two Airbus A380s at once, and are due to open by 2022.
Terminal 2 commenced operation on 29 June 2003. It has a design capacity of 25 million passengers per year and is exclusively used by Lufthansa and all other Star Alliance members serving Munich except Turkish Airlines. Star Alliance partners Air Malta, Luxair and BMI Regional also use Terminal 2.
Having been designed as a hub terminal it is not divided into modules like Terminal 1. Instead, all facilities are arranged around a central Plaza. Owing to security regulations imposed by the European Union, the terminal has been equipped with facilities to handle passengers from countries considered insecure, i.e. not implementing the same regulations. This required the construction of a new level as, unlike other airports, the terminal does not have separate areas for arriving and departing passengers. The new level 06 opened on 15 January 2009.
The pier, which is 980 m (3,220 ft) long, is equipped with 24 jet bridges. As the total number of 75 aircraft stands on the east apron is not always sufficient, Terminal 2 sometimes also uses parking positions on the west apron, to which passengers are carried by airside buses. Terminal 2 is able to handle the Airbus A380 as well, however there are no designated stands or additional jet bridges for it until the opening of the Terminal 2 satellite building. As there is no airline currently serving Terminal 2 with the A380, the largest passenger aircraft regularly handled there are the Thai Airways Boeing 747-400s.
Terminal 2 has two main departure levels, 04 and 05 and additional bus gates on the lower level 03. Gates on level 05 (H) are designated non-Schengen gates. Until the new transfer level 06 opened, the northernmost gates were behind an additional security checkpoint for departures to the USA most of the day. The lower level 04 (G) contains Schengen gates. The bus gates on level 03 are also designated G and are also used for Schengen flights. Level 03 is smaller than the main levels and consists of two separate parts which can be reached from two points on level 04. One area of these gates is designated to Air Dolomiti.
The terminal is operated by Terminal-2-Betriebsgesellschaft (German for Terminal 2 Operating Company), which is owned by Flughafen München GmbH (60%) and Lufthansa (40%). This makes Terminal 2 the first terminal in Germany which is co-operated by an airline.
Terminal 2 Satellite
While Terminal 1 still has plenty of capacity left – in 2011, it handled only about 11 million passengers – an extension of Terminal 2, which operated over full capacity handling 27.5 million passengers by 2013,was required by Lufthansa and its Star Alliance partners to allow easy transfers within a single terminal and to provide more building parking positions equipped with jetbridges and additional waiting areas. When Terminal 2 and its east apron were built prior to 2003, preparations for a satellite terminal had already been made.
Construction for the satellite building was approved in 2010 and started in 2012; it was completed by the end of 2015. The satellite terminal was inaugurated on 22 April 2016 and has been in operation since 26 April 2016 after trial runs made with the help of volunteers that had started in January 2016. This extension to Terminal 2 saw the already existing baggage sorting hall on the east apron upgraded and heavily extended with new floors to become the satellite terminal. Besides the baggage transport tunnel, there already were three more unused tunnels beneath the Terminal 2 apron of which one was equipped with a fully automated people mover by Bombardier Transportation connecting the Terminal 2 main building with the new satellite. In July 2016, less than three months after its opening, the satellite terminal recorded its one millionth passenger.
The new satellite building is 609 meters (1,998 ft) long with 125,000 square meters (1,345,500 sq ft) of floor space. It allows an additional 11 million passengers to be handled per year, adding 52 gates using 27 parking positions, of which 11 are able to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380. The building is able to handle Schengen and Non-Schengen flights on two main levels (K for Schengen and L for Non-Schengen destinations as well as area J for some additional bus gates) and features 44 new passport control stations and 24 security lanes for transfer passengers as well as new restaurants, shops and five new Lufhansa lounges. However, the satellite is an airside only facility, check-in and arrivals is still located in the Terminal 2 main building only. The project did cost 650 million Euros, shared between the airport's operator (60%) and Lufthansa (40%). An expansion for the satellite building into a 'T' shape is planned for the future along with another satellite and room for a possible third Terminal to the east.
Coffee & Restaurants
- Airbräu (between terminals 1 and 2), . Daily 08:00-01:00. Bavarian brewery-restaurant in the MAC between the terminals 1 and 2 and the world's only airport brewery. Outdoor beer garden between May and September. €4.60 for a maß of the beer of the house.
- Dallmayr, T2, Airside (approximately near gate 26). The famous Munich delicatessen store operates a bistro in Terminal 2 with about 20 mains to choose among from Bratwurst on Sauerkraut to Thai Curry.
- Seafood Sylt meets Asia, T2, Airside (approximately near gate 30). As the name reveals, this restaurant serves seafood dishes, Asian dishes and fusion dishes. If you want something smaller, they have a range of nice sandwiches too.
Accommodation & Hotels
There are two hotels directly on the airport's grounds, one next to the terminals, the other one near the open-air parking areas.
- Hilton Munich Airport (formerly Kempinski Munich Airport), Terminalstraße 20 (Next to Munich Airport Center and Terminal 2), , fax: . Turn left when facing the Terminal 2 entrance, When you follow the signs to Terminal 1F, you will cross the hotel's basement entrance hall.
- Novotel Munich Airport, Nordallee 29 (Next to Parking area P41), , fax: . From the terminals, take a short ride on bus 635 towards Freisingfor the "Parkpl. P41/Novotel" stop directly in front of the hotel.
Munich Airport Center
The Munich Airport Center (sometimes shortened to MAC) is a shopping, business, and recreation area that connects the two terminals. The older Central Area (German: Zentralbereich), which was originally built as part of Terminal 1, hosts a shopping mall and the S-Bahn station. The newer MAC Forum built with Terminal 2 is a large outdoor area with a partly transparent tent-like roof. Next to it is the airport hotel managed by Hilton Hotels & Resorts which was designed by the world-famous architect Helmut Jahn and landscape architecture firm PWP Landscape Architecture in 1994.
The Munich Airport Center has the only supermarket in the entire state of Bavaria where one can shop from 05.30 to midnight every day, including Sundays, as it is exempt from the Bavarian law governing retail hours of operation (German: Ladenschlussgesetz).
- Internet. Munich Airport offers free Internet access for 30 min. Connect within both terminals or the MAC. In addition to this, there are also computers available for 20 min/each user at different spots in both airside terminals.
Things to know
- AirportClinic M, Terminalstraße West (Terminal 1, Module E, Level 3), , fax: . The airport clinic has facilities for orthopaedics, gynaecology, urology, dentists and anaesthesia. It offers also several other medical services, so it is popular.
- Pharmacy, , e-mail: [email protected]. Metropolitan Pharmacy has three outlets at the Airport. In Terminal 2 at Level 4 & 5 and in MAC at level 3.
- Visitors centre and plane spotting hill (Besucherzentrum) (S-Bahn S1, S8: Besucherzentrum). Mar-Oct daily 09:30-18:00, Nov-Feb daily 09:30-17:00. Historical planes on display, and a 28 m high hill with a view over the runway. The hill is not wheelchair accessible. Entrance to the tower €1.
- Plane spotting hill north (Aussichtshügel Nord) (next to Hallbergermooser Straße near Attaching). North-west of the northern runway, next to Hallbermooser Straße is a second plane spotting hill. It's not as high as the one next to the visitors center, but free of charge. free.
- Plane spotting hill south (Aussichtshügel Süd) (next to Kreisstraße ED 30 near Franzheim). South-east of the southern runway, next to Kreisstraße ED 30 is a third hill with a possibility for plane spotting. It's not as high as the one next to the visitors center, but free of charge. free.
- Skywalk (Terminal 2, level 05). A terrace with view over the airside of terminal 2.Entrance €1.
- Munich Airport Center (MAC) (between terminals 1 and 2). A recreation- and service-centre at the airport located between terminals 1 and 2. It includes a shopping mall, restaurants, a medical centre, the conference centre, municon and the MAC-Forum. The MAC-Forum is Europe's largest roofed outdoor area, which is used for various events like a Christmas fair and ice-skating in winter and a beach volleyball tournament in summer.
- Free hot beverages and newspapers. At least in Terminal 2, there are racks with free newspapers (mostly German, but some in English can be found too) as well as coffee and tea machines that don't require payment. No, they are not inside a lounge with access limited to holders of certain tickets, but airside on several places next to the gates.
Currently, there are five parking garages and six underground parking areas, amounting together to a total of 30,000 parking spaces of which approximately 16,500 are under a roof. The parking garage P20 at Terminal 2, with 6400 parking spaces on eleven levels (including four that are under ground) since its commissioning in 2003 was the largest parking garage in Germany until the car park at the new Allianz Arena was opened in 2005. A parking guidance system was installed in the parking garages, which detects whether a parking space is occupied and newly arriving vehicles are shown where the empty parking spaces are located.
Apart from the usual parking facilities, the Munich Airport offers, at additional cost, special parking spaces with additional benefits. This includes valet parking, in which the vehicle is picked up by an airport employee upon flight departure and parked, and the Park, Sleep & Fly option, in which a night at the Hilton hotel is included. Also there is an option for oversized parking spaces, the so-called XXL parking, and secure parking. And lastly there is a special separate parking level in the P20 parking garage, where the parked cars are guarded. In addition, you can book special services, such as interior/exterior cleaning and fuelling.
To make the shopping in the public areas more attractive for local residents of the airport area, there are special offers in which you can park up to three hours for free in the P20 parking garage. In the east of the central region, you can find short-term parking, where you can park for free for a maximum of thirty minutes. During the holiday periods other cheaper options are provided in the P8 parking garage.