Yaoundé is the capital of Cameroon and, with a population of approximately 2.5 million, the second largest city in the country after the port city Douala. It lies in the centre of the nation at an elevation of about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level.
Yaoundé is the centre of political power in the country.
Most people are Francophone (that is, French speakers), but many (especially younger people) also speak English.
|POPULATION :||City: 2,440,462|
|TIME ZONE :||CET (UTC+1) Summer: CEST (UTC+1)|
|LANGUAGE :||24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)|
|RELIGION :||indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%|
|AREA :||180 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||726 m (2,382 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||3°52′N 11°31′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.98% |
• Female: 50.02%
|ETHNIC :||Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%|
|AREA CODE :||3|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+237 3|
The city's not really set up for tourists, but some fun things to see are the Mvog Betsi zoo (primates and lions, with a kid's playground), the Mokolo market (very big and in-your-face), Mont Febe, or maybe the swimming pools of some of the hotels.
The city centre houses government offices, some hotels, and the central market. The Bastos neighbourhood, with most homes owned by Cameroonians, is home to foreign embassies and the expatriate European community (drawn mainly from the diplomatic corps). The presidential palace and compound is in the Etoudi neighborhood.
Also found in Yaoundé are:
Cathédrale Notre Dame des Victoires. The seat of the Archdiocese of Yaoundé
Mary Queen of the Apostles Basilica (Basilique Marie-Reine-des-Apôtres). Built on the site of the first missionary church in Cameroon
Cameroon Art Museum. Located in a former Benedictine monastery
National Museum. Located in the former presidential palace
National Archives, Rue Essono Ela.
Palais des Sports de Warda.
The outpost of Epsumb or Jeundo was founded between the Nyong and Sanaga rivers at the northern edge of the area's forests in 1887, 1888, or February 1889 by the German explorers Lt. Kund and Tappenbeck by the agreement of the chiefs of Ela Esono.
During World War I, Jaunde was occupied by Belgian troops from the Congo. After Imperial Germany's defeat in that war, France held eastern Cameroon as a mandate of the League of Nations and Yaoundé was chosen to become the capital of the colony in 1922.
Douala long remained the more important settlement, but Yaoundé saw rapid growth after 1957 due to the cocoa crisis and unrest along the coast. It continued as the seat of government for the Republic of Cameroon upon its independence.
Yaoundé features a tropical wet and dry climate with constant temperatures throughout the year.
However, primarily due to the altitude, temperatures are not quite as hot as one would expect for a city located near the equator.
Yaoundé features a lengthy wet season, covering a ten-month span between February and November.
Most of Yaoundé's economy is centered around the administrative structure of the civil service and the diplomatic services. Due to these high profile central structures, Yaounde enjoys a relative higher standard of living and security compared to the rest of Cameroon.
Major industries in Yaoundé include tobacco, dairy products, beer, clay, glass goods, and lumber. It is also a regional distribution centre for coffee, cocoa, copra, sugar cane, and rubber.