Moroni is the largest city, federal capital and seat of the government of the Union of the Comoros, a sovereign archipelago nation in the Indian Ocean.
In Comorian, Moroni translates as "in the heart of the fire", perhaps alluding to the city's location at the foot of Mount Karthala, an active volcano.
Moroni is the capital of the semi-autonomous island Grande Comore, the largest of the three main islands of the republic.
Moroni, which lies along the Route Nationale 1, has a port and several mosques such as the Badjanani Mosque.
|POPULATION :||City: 54,000|
|TIME ZONE :||Eastern Africa Time (UTC+3)|
|LANGUAGE :||Arabic and French are the official languages|
|RELIGION :||Sunni Muslims 98%, Roman Catholics. 2%|
|AREA :||30 km2 (10 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||29 m (95 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||11.699°S 43.256°E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 50.40% |
• Female: 49.60%
|ETHNIC :||The Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, and Sakalava|
|AREA CODE :||73|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+269 73|
Moroni has many shopping centres, a few hotels and also a nightclub. The nearby Karthala volcano is also an attraction for hiking when the volcano is dormant. In the port area apart from the mosque, the other attraction is the Historical and Literary Museum. In the outskirts of the city there is a fishing village which is well known for the Coelacanth fish species.
The historic town centre, the Medina, contains a maze of narrow alleys and ancient buildings of Swahili period but is poorly maintained. The old city centre is based on Zanzibar's Stone Town, but is smaller. There are many mosques, notably the Badjanani Mosque pr Ancienne Mosquée de Vendredi (old Friday mosque), which is the oldest mosque in the Medina.It was originally built in 1427, and a minaret was added in 1921.
The 300-seat theatre of the Alliance Franco-Comorienne serves as a venue for national and international performances, ceremonies, conferences, film screenings, and seminars. Other venues include the 700-seat Al-Kamar, the 500-seat Palais du Peuple, and the 300-seat Foyer des Jeunes de Foumbouni.
Moroni was founded by Arabic settlers, possibly during the 10th century, as the capital of a sultanate connected commercially to Zanzibar in Tanzania
An agreement on broad autonomy to the three islands was refused by the Anjouan representatives which resulted in an eruption of violence affecting Moroni in April 1999, during which Colonel Azali Assoumani assumed power in a coup d'état.
Moroni features a tropical rainforest climate with generally heavy precipitation throughout the year—only October sees on average less than 100 mm of rain.
The average annual rainfall is 2,700 millimetres (110 in) and it rains during all months of the year.
The monsoon season lasts from November to April. Humidity is in the range of 69 to 79 percent.
Moroni's average temperatures throughout the year are relatively constant with a high in the range of 32–34 °C (90–93 °F) and a low in the range of 14–20 °C (57–68 °F).
The city is on the western coast of Grande Comore (also known as N'gazidja) island.
Moroni has a rocky volcanic coastline, mostly without beaches. A small beach north of town at Itsandra contains the ruins of the Sultans Fort and Palace, built in the 15th century.
Settlements to the north of Moroni include Ntsoudjini, Ouellah, Bahani, Batsa, Vanambouani and Vanadjou, and to the south are Mvouni, Daoueni and Selea.
Moroni is situated at the foot of Mount Karthala, 10 kilometres (6 miles) northwest from the volcano's crater. The 2,361-metre (7,746 ft) high active volcano is reported to be one of the largest active volcanoes in the world, with a diameter of about 1 mile (1.6 km),and erupting approximately every eleven years over the past two hundred years. The eruption of 2005 caused displacement of a large number of people due to volcanic ash.
Goods produced on the island are vanilla, cacao, coffee, soft drinks, processed and distilled essential oils, metal and wood products, and processed pozzolana (cement); these are exported from the port.
The tourist infrastructure is poorly developed.
Financial institutions include Banque Centrale des Comores, Banque de Development des Comores, and Banque pour Industries et le Commerce.
Towards the south of Moroni are several markets, including the old market and the Dubai Market (Marche Dubai).