DAKAR

Introduction

Info Dakar


introduction

Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal and is often regarded as the cultural and commercial center of French-speaking West Africa. The metropolitan area is home to about 2.4 million people and lies on the end of the Cap Verte peninsula, which marks the westernmost point on the African mainland.

Dakar is often the first stop in exploring French-speaking West Africa because it has good flight connections with Western Europe, whereas the other main French-speaking West African city, Abidjan, does not.

Dakar is a major administrative center, home to the Senegal National Assembly and the Presidential Palace.


info
POPULATION : City: 1,056,009/  Metro: 2,452,656
FOUNDED :  15th century
TIME ZONE : GMT (UTC+0) 
LANGUAGE : French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
RELIGION : Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
AREA : 83 km2 (32 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 22 m (72 ft)
COORDINATES : 14°41′34″N 17°26′48″W
SEX RATIO : Male: 49%  
 Female: 51%
ETHNIC : Wolof 44%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.5%, Jola 3.7%, Other 14%
AREA CODE : 8
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE : +221 8
WEBSITE : www.villededakar.org


Tourism

Dakar is often the first stop in exploring French-speaking West Africa because it has good flight connections with Western Europe, whereas the other main French-speaking West African city, Abidjan, does not.

Attractions in Dakar include major markets, Dakar Grand Mosque (built in 1964), Dakar Cathedral, Gorée Island, the IFAN Museum of West African culture, the newly completed African Renaissance Monument is the tallest statue in Africa, clifftop walks and beaches, and Parc de Hann, aka the Senegal Zoo.

Dakar used to be the finishing point of the Dakar Rally and is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities. Cheikh Anta Diop University also known as the University of Dakar, was established in 1957.

Dakar has a vibrant music scene and is very popular with young people. Check out the incredibly rich and variant styles.

The city has some amazing (and amazingly expensive) stores specialised in haute-couture, embroidered traditional west African Muslim clothes.


History

The Cap-Vert peninsula was settled, no later than the 15th century, by the Lebou people, an aquacultural ethnic group related to the neighboring Wolof and Sereer.

In 1444, the Portuguese reached the Bay of Dakar, initially as slave-raiders, but were repulsed by the natives on the shores. Peaceful contact was finally opened in 1456 by Diogo Gomes, and the bay was subsequently referred to as the "Angra de Bezeguiche" (after the name of the local ruler). The bay of "Bezeguiche" would serve as a critical stop for the Portuguese India Armadas of the early 16th century, where large fleets would routinely put in, both on their outward and return journeys from India, to repair, collect fresh water from the rivulets and wells along the Cap-Vert shore and trade for provisions with the local people for their remaining voyage.

The slave trade was abolished by France in February 1794. However, Napoleon reinstated it in May 1802, then finally abolished it permanently in March 1815.

During the Battle of Dakar, which took place off the coast of Dakar on September 23–25, 1940, the British navy attempted to rally the colonial administration in Dakar to the Allied cause and detach it from Vichy. In November 1944 West African conscripts of the French army mutinied against poor conditions at the Thiaroye camp, on the outskirts of the city. The mutiny was seen as an indictment of the colonial system and constituted a watershed for the nationalist movement.

Dakar was the capital of the short-lived Mali Federation from 1959 to 1960, after which it became the capital of Senegal.

Beginning 1978 and until 2007, Dakar was frequently the ending point of the Dakar Rally. The rally brought worldwide attention to the poverty of Senegal and Dakar.


Climate

The Dakarian climate is generally warm. Dakar has a hot semi-arid climate, with a short rainy season and a lengthy dry season.

Dakar's rainy season lasts from July to October while the dry season covers the remaining eight months. The city sees approximately 495 mm (19.5 in) of precipitation per year.

Dakar between December and May is usually pleasantly warm with daily temperatures around 24–27 °C (75–81 °F). Nights during this time of the year are comfortable, some 17–20 °C (63–68 °F).

However, between May and November the city becomes decidedly warmer with daily highs reaching 29–31 °C (84–88 °F) and night lows a little bit above 23–24 °C (73–75 °F).

 ClimateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daily highs (°C)2524.62525.326.328.93030.130.430.42926.5
Nightly lows (°C)17.41717.418.420.223.124.524.624.424.322.519.6
Precipitation (mm)2.11.300010.283.4184156.551.62.62.6

Source: Spiegel Online Wette

Dakar mean sea temperature

JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
21 °C (70 °F)20 °C (68 °F)20 °C (68 °F)21 °C (70 °F)22 °C (72 °F)25 °C (77 °F)27 °C (81 °F)28 °C (82 °F)28 °C (82 °F)28 °C (82 °F)27 °C (81 °F)24 °C (75 °F)

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