Dodoma is the national capital of Tanzania and the capital of Dodoma Region, with a population of 410,956.
In 1973, Dodoma was designated as the new political capital of Tanzania. New Parliament buildings were erected and plans were drafted to shift all government Ministry offices to Dodoma by the early 1980's. However, due to limited water supplies and other environmental factors, this proved impossible and the plan was all but forgotten.
Most ministries and all embassies are still in Dar es Salaam. Although Dodoma retains the title of capital city of Tanzania, government officials only travel to Dodoma for a few weeks each June when the government is in session.
|TIME ZONE :|
|LANGUAGE :||Kiswahili or Swahili (official), English (official)|
|RELIGION :||Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%|
|AREA :||2,576 km2 (995 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||1,120 m (3,670 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||6°10′23″S 35°44′31″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.50% |
• Female: 51.50%
|ETHNIC :||African 99%, Other (Asian, European, Arab) 1%|
|AREA CODE :||26|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+255 26|
Dodoma was founded in 1907 by German colonists during construction of the Tanzanian central railway. In 1973, the Tanzanian government announced that the capital would be moved from Dar es Salaam to a more central location to better serve the needs of the people. Dodoma was selected for this purpose, as it was an already established town at a major crossroads with an agreeable climate, impressive landscape, and room for development.
Tanzania's National Assembly moved there in February 1996, but many government offices remain in Dar es Salaam, which remains the commercial capital.
Dodoma features a semi-arid climate with relatively warm temperatures throughout the year.
While average highs are somewhat consistent throughout the year, average lows dip to 13 °C (55.4 °F) in July.
Dodoma averages 570 mm of precipitation per year, the bulk of which occurs during its wet season between November and April.
The remainder of the year comprises the city’s dry season.
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