Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.
One of the fastest-developing cities in Southern Africa, Lusaka is located in the southern part of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,279 metres (4,195 feet).
As of 2010, the city's population is about 1.7 million, while as the urban population is 2.4 million. Lusaka is the centre of both commerce and government in Zambia and connects to the country's four main highways heading north, south, east and west. English is the official language of the city, but Nyanja and Bemba are also common.
|POPULATION :||City: 1,742,979 / Metro: 2,467,467|
|TIME ZONE :|
|LANGUAGE :||English (official). Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and 70 other languages|
|RELIGION :||Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%|
|AREA :||189 km2 (73 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||1,279 m (4,190 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||15°25′S 28°17′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.88% |
• Female: 50.12%
|ETHNIC :||African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%|
|AREA CODE :||1|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+260 1|
Explore the city with its diverse suburbs and informal settlements. Take a map and explore the city's markets, its second class shopping area and many other nooks. The only precautions recommended would be to leave your valuables at your hotel and take only the cash needed for the day as would apply in any major city.
Parray's Game Ranch is located 21 km from the town centre. Available are game drives, swimming and a playground. There you can see Zebra, Kudu and other herbivores
Chaminuka Lodge Located near the airport, amazing lodge and facilities. The privately owned park is home to a range of antelopes, a family of elephants, giraffes, zebras, lions and hyenas.
Manda Hill. Lusaka's first official mall, opened in 2000, and the reception was huge.
Soweto Market the front is a modern covered market. Behind it lies a massive market selling everything from beans to used clothes. In it you can find traditional medicines, bicycle repair men and engine spare parts. (Ensure you hold onto your handbag and any other items)
Henry Tayali Gallery in the city Showgrounds; holds exhibitions of local art. Unique and professional pieces are available and the staff will be happy to pack your work for safe travel.
Arcades. The capital's second mall, featuring a relatively cheap Spar supermarket, where you can find your Western food goods. There are also cinemas (Ster-Kinokor) with air-con and a lot of space when watching a movie.Right next to the cinema there is a bowling alley with a pretty good standard, and they also do disco-bowling in the late evening. There is a Sunday market on every Sunday (handicraft, clothes, plants) across parts of the parking lots.
Kabwata Cultural Village, Burma Road. Shopping with a more "African" feel, with dozens of curio-makers and salesmen. You will quickly learn that "looking is free," but the goods are not. Be prepared to spend a while, and don't be afraid to dicker.
Lusaka was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka, which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the Zambia's National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard. The area was expanded by European (mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.
In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstone as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia.
After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.
In recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector have increased donor confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambia as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreigners, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organizations and some business people.
Primarily due to its high altitude, Lusaka features a humid subtropical climate.
Its coolest month, July, has a monthly mean temperature of 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). Lusaka features hot summers and warm winters, with cold conditions mainly restricted to nights in June and July.
The hottest month is October, which sees daily average high temperatures at around 32 °C (90 °F). There are two main seasons: a wet season and a dry season with the dry season lasting around half the year, lasting from April to October.
|Daily highs (°C)||27.4||27.4||27.5||27.1||25.8||23.8||24.0||26.5||30.3||31.7||30.4||27.7|
|Nightly lows (°C)||17.6||17.4||16.4||14.0||10.7||7.8||7.2||9.2||12.9||16.2||17.4||17.8|
Suburbs around Lusaka include Makeni Konga, Handsworth Park, Sunningdale, Kabulonga, Meanwood (Ndeke Village), Woodlands, Jesmondine, Acacia, Northmead, Olympia Park, Roma, Kalundu, Chelston, Avondale, Rhodes Park, Prospect Hill, Longacres, Fairview, State Lodge, Makeni, Emmasdale, Leopards Hill, New Kasama, Ibex Hill, Kabwata (a working class area, home to the Kabwata Cultural Centre), Madras, Mass Media, Libala, Marshlands, Manda Hill, Chainda, Chudleigh, Kamwala, Kamwala South, Mwembeshi, Barlastone Park, Foxdale, Madras, NIPA, Mapepe, Lilayi, Presidential Housing Initiative (PHI) (originally named as the Bennie Mwiinga Housing Complex), Nyumba Yanga, Olympia Extension, Thorn Park, Twinpalm, Villa Elizabetha and newly created areas such Chalala which comprises Hill View area, Rock field and Bedrock which is also called woodlands chalala with prominent residents such as Kashiwa Bulaya living there.
Other residential areas and slums are Misisi, Chawama, Ziwa Zakho, Shang'ombo, Shadreck, Matero, Mtendere, Chaisa, Chawama, John Laing, Kalingalinga, George compound, Chipata Compound, Ng'ombe, Lilanda, Chunga, Mandevu, Garden Compound, Bauleni, Helen Kaunda, Kaunda Square (stage one and stage two), and Chilanga (Lusaka), Zambia.
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