Transportation - Get In
The main gateway to the country is the Shahjalal International Airport of Dhaka (IATA: DAC) (in Bengali: শাহজালাল আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর) although there are also limited international flights from the regional centers Chittagong and Sylhet.
The national carrier is Biman Bangladesh Airlines, although the airline has a less than stellar reputation for punctuality, cleanliness, security and route maintenance. Recently it underwent a major restructuring to recover financial losses and many routes have been canceled.
Private operator United Airways has taken advantage of Biman's poor service and expanded to serve many major centers throughout Asia.
There are good connections with Dhaka from the Middle East with Qatar Airways, Emirates and Etihad Airways through which it is possible to connect to most Asian and European capitals and several centers in North America. Hong Kong, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore are other important Asian centers that have regular flights to the country and beyond. Turkish Airlines has daily flights from Istanbul.
Another popular route to reach Bangladesh is through Indian carriers, of which Air India operates a non-stop flight between London and Dhaka. Although, these airlines are often plagued with mismanagement and cancellations. Nearby regional destinations such as Kathmandu in Nepal, Paro in Bhutan, Kunming in China and all Indian cities are easily accessible from Dhaka in less than three hours and are served by a large number of private airlines.
The only open land borders are those with India. It is not possible to cross the land to Myanmar (occasionally Bangladeshi passport holders may cross from Teknaf, although this changes regularly).
From India there are a number of entry points to the land. The most common form is the comfortable air-conditioned buses from Kolkata to Dhaka through the border post of Haridaspur / Benapole. The private bus companies of Bangladesh, Shohagh, Green Line, Shyamoli. among others, operate the Kolkata-Dhaka-Kolkata bus services daily. Gob. the buses operate under the label of the West Bengal Surface Transport Service Corporation (WBSTSC) and the Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC). WBSTSC and BRTC operate buses from Kolkata (Karunamoyee International Bus Terminal in the Salt Lake neighborhood) every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 5:30 a.m. and 8:30 a.m. and at 12:30 p.m. while from Dhaka they leave Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 7 a.m. and at 7:30 a.m. The normal travel time is around 12 hours with a one-way fare of Rs550 or BDT600-800, approximately $ 8-12. If you are only going to Haridaspur, the fare is Rs86 (2.5 hours). Schedules will vary, please confirm after arriving in Calcutta (Calcutta).
"Shayamoli Paribhahan" has a bus service from Siliguri to Dhaka.Phone# +8802-8360241, +8801716942154. It cost around 1000/=(may increase later) Taka for one way ticket.
There is a regular bus service between Dhaka and Agartala, capital of the Tripurastate of India. Two BRTC buses depart daily from Dhaka and connect with the Tripura Road Transport Corporation vehicles, which operate six days a week with a round-trip fare of BDT600 ($ 10). There is only one stop in Ashuganj in Bangladesh during the trip. Call +880 2 8360241 to know the schedule.
Other points of entry for India are the border posts of Hili, Chilahati / Haldibari and Banglaband to enter from West Bengal; The border post of Tamabil / Dawki for a route between Shillong (Meghalaya) and Sylhet in Bangladesh, and some others with lesser known routes from the northeastern regions of India.
India's train services were suspended for 42 years, but the Maitree Express started again between Dhaka and Kolkata in April 2008. The service is biweekly: a Bangledeshi train leaves Dhaka every Saturday, returning on Sunday, while An Indian train leaves Calcutta on Saturdays and returns the next day.
Transportation - Get Around
Air transport in Bangladesh is very economical and convenient. Domestic airlines come and go, so it's worth checking who is the last and most reliable carrier. The quality of service and condition of planes tend to decrease after the opening of a new company, leaving the market open to newcomers and closing for older ones.
There are airports in all division capitals and in Jessore, Cox's Bazar and other small towns. Most national airports are served by Biman Air or its private competitors.
Biman had the interesting distinction of flying the half-hour Dhaka-Chittagong (DAC-CGP) (~ 250 miles) on DC-10 and Airbus A-310, two large, high-capacity aircraft. The DC-10 was retired in 2014.
In 2015, Novoair, United Airways, Regent Airways and US Bangla Airways are the four private operators offering excellent national and international flights. Novoair is the last airline to join the club and has Embraer aircraft that offer very short flight times. According to reports, United Airlines pilots were forced to claim that the aircraft were in good condition, even without proper maintenance controls. Most private operators use Bombardier DASH-8.
GMG Airlines is the newest operator to close.
There are quite a few rotorcraft craft services available for rent in Bangladesh for tourism, MEDEVAC or movie footage services. Any accredited travel agent will know all the details.
Road trips in Bangladesh are dangerous and are not recommended for visitors. Air travel is cheap and serves all major destinations and is recommended for longer trips.
The local buses in Bangladesh are often crowded, often to the extent that people travel on the bus steps (entrance) and sometimes even on the roof. Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation [www] (BRTC) state buses often fall into this category. Avoid all low cost buses: they are easy to detect because of their extremely poor condition. There are daily fatal accidents that involve them. If you use them, it is worth noting that, in general, they do not stop, but slow down slightly to allow passengers to enter or leave. In addition, the collectors of tariffs, disconcertingly, do not wear uniforms, which makes identification difficult. If you do not speak the language, you will have to simply get on the bus (literally) and give money to the first person you ask.
However, there are luxurious air-conditioned bus services that connect major cities and popular tourist destinations. Green Line [www], Shyamoli [www], SilkLine [www] and Shohagh [www] often have a couple of different offices scattered around the cities they serve. Greenline has some Scania buses between Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox's Bazar that offer a level of comfort that you've probably never seen on a bus before: they cost about 1/3 more than their Volvo buses, but they are comparable to business class buses on an airplane , at least.
Driving Bangladesh is not for sensitive souls: the road network is good enough, but dodging irrational bus drivers and getting in and out of the rickshaw is not easy. The standards of conduct are among the worst in the world, as evidenced by the many bumper cars that surround the entire car. Traffic in Dhaka has reached unimaginable proportions, and autonomous driving is definitely discouraged. The parking spaces are non-existent. It is strongly recommended to hire a local driver. Night driving is much more dangerous since trucks / buses often ignore small cars; Travel by car at night should be avoided, no matter who drives. If you hire a driver, make sure you have a car with tinted windows. Traffic is slow enough so that your car is probably surrounded by pedestrians most of the time, and strangers tend to attract groups of curious Bangladeshi. To avoid this level of attention, it is preferable that pedestrians can not see inside the vehicle.
Officially, the cars drive to the left; In reality, cars drive on both sides of the road. The speed limit is 25 km / h on all urban roads, although it is very unlikely that a vehicle can reach this speed with traffic. Many traffic lights have been installed recently, but are often ignored by drivers and traffic police. Traffic police drive cars at all major intersections in urban areas. On many rural roads, it is illegal to overtake; but, once again, this is completely ignored, as the locals use extremely dangerous maneuvers when passing the vehicle in front of them. Cities are well lit, but national roads often lack street lighting. Some new interurban roads have tolls, especially new bridges; These are pretty cheap.
Bangladesh Railways is the state and the only rail operator. Ticket prices are reasonable and, in general, are similar to bus ticket prices and sometimes even cheaper. However, because of indirect routes and difficult crossings, the duration of travel is generally much longer. Tickets can be booked by phone, but unless you speak Bengali, you will get better results in one of the booking offices of the computer station.
Trains are generally comfortable, with more legroom than buses and tea, water and snacks are available from vendors. Although trolleys are generally not very clean, AC and first class seats are manageable. The Sulob class is the highest entry of the second class, with reserved seats and not very different from the first class (except in the price).
Kamlapur Station in Dhaka is big and modern. It serves all major cities, but because of the existence of large gauge roads and gauges throughout the country, it may be necessary to change trains en route.
There are more than 230 large and small rivers throughout the country, and boats and ferries are an integral part of travel for locals and tourists alike. A trip along the river in any mode is probably the best way to see Bangladesh. There are a number of private tour operators that offer river tours of different lengths, or the use of ferries to get between cities is a great way to see the country at a moderate pace.
The Rocket Steamer service connects Dhaka and Khulna through Barisal, and is a fantastic way to enjoy the riverside Bangladesh, for those who prefer the scenic route. The 4 ferries are operated by BIWTC and run several times per week in each direction. It is advisable to book several days in advance if possible. While there are several different classes, it is unlikely that you end up in anything other than the 1st or 2nd class. Both consist of about 10 small bunk beds on the upper deck of the boat with 2 beds each and a sink (no doubt doubles as a urinal), and shared bathrooms fairly clean. There is a central dining / living room in each class with a chef who cooks Bengali meals and odd fish and chips or an omelette for around Tk 50-150. The cheapest foods can be purchased from sellers of the lower classes at the lower level. The first class is at the front of the boat, with the bow turned into a pleasant living room. If you travel alone, you must reserve 2 beds if you want a tie-up guaranteed for you in any of the classes, although unless the boat is completely full it is unlikely that you will put someone in a foreigner's room, even if you only pay for one . The entire trip lasts from 26 to 30 hours and costs 1010/610 TK in first / second class. It is best to avoid it during the rainy seasons and during the holidays when the launches are filled with people who live in the city. The most respectful of the environment may prefer to take their trash with them; otherwise, it is likely to end up in the river at the end of the trip.
BIWTC also operates many other more basic ferries that can be useful for smaller distances.