Dhaka (formerly Dacca in English) is the capital of Bangladesh.
One of the major cities of South Asia, is the political, economic and cultural focal point of Bangladesh. Dhaka emerged as a cosmopolitan and religiously diverse city in the 17th century when it became the capital of the historic region of Bengal in the Mughal Empire.
Becoming the capital of independent Bangladesh after the country's Liberation War in 1971. Dhaka has emerged as one of the fastest growing cities in the world. The city boasts of significant modernist international architecture. With its daily traffic of 600,000 cycle-rickshaws, Dhaka is also known as the Rickshaw Capital of the World.
|POPULATION :||City: 6,970,105 / Metro: 8,906,000|
|FOUNDED :||1608 CE|
|TIME ZONE :||BST (UTC+6)|
|LANGUAGE :||Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English|
|RELIGION :||Islam 95%, Hinduism 4%, Other 1%|
|AREA :||300 km2 (100 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||4 m (13.12 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||26°13′N 50°35′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 50.60% |
• Female: 49.40%
|ETHNIC :||Bengali 93%, other( European, Chinese, Indian, Pakistani) 7%|
|AREA CODE :||2|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+880 2|
|WEBSITE :||Dhaka North City Corporation , Dhaka South City Corporation|
Modern Dhaka is a thriving, colourful and congested metropolis. Being one of the most densely populated places on the planet, Dhaka can be one of the most frenetic cities in the world. Its streets and rivers are filled with colourful chaos. The city plays host to the highest number of rickshaws in the world. Dhaka is also the center of Bangladesh's textile industry, the country's principal foreign exchange earner. Experiencing the city for the first time may seem overwhelming.
The earliest settlements in the region date back 2,500 years. Dhaka was the capital of Bengal during the Mughal Empire in the 17th century. As the seat of administration and commerce in the Bengal Delta, the wealthiest and most fertile region in the Empire, it became one of the largest and most prosperous cities in Asia. Proclaimed as the provincial capital in 1608, Mughal Dhaka had a population of one million people, with well-laid out gardens, monuments, tombs, forts, mosques, temples, churches and caravansaries and churches. The city was home to Armenian, Persian, Greek, Arab, Portuguese, French, Dutch and English merchants. Its riverbanks were once dotted with numerous stately mansions and the city was described as the Venice of the East. The Dhaka District was famous worldwide for its fine cotton muslin fabrics. The British East India Company took control of the city in 1793.
In British Bengal, Dhaka and its sister city Calcutta played a tale of two cities in the region, greatly affecting the course of events in the British Raj. The short-lived Partition of Bengal in 1905 established Dhaka as the capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam and incubated the broader Indian independence movement. The All India Muslim Educational Conference in Dhaka in 1906 established the All India Muslim League. The University of Dacca gained a reputation as the Oxford of the East in its early years. Dhaka became the capital of East Pakistan after the Partition of British India in 1947. Increasing political and cultural friction with West Pakistan gave rise to the secular Bengali nationalist movement in the 1950s. The Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 established Dhaka as the new national capital.
Post-independence, the city has greatly expanded with the inauguration of Louis Kahn's capital complex in Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, the rise of posh modern neighborhoods in North Dhaka and densely populated satellite towns. It was the birthplace of SAARC in 1985. The growth of the Bangladeshi economy has brought greater trade and foreign investment. Dhaka continues to face many challenges. The gap between rich and poor is widening. A thirty minute rickshaw ride can take you from the impossibly crowded shantytowns near Old Dhaka to the glitzy upper class neighborhoods of Gulshan and Banani, where a meal costs more than what most people earn in a day.
Dhaka experiences a hot, wet, and humid tropical climate.
The city has a distinct monsoonal season, with an annual average temperature of 26 °C (79 °F) and monthly means varying between 19 °C (66 °F) in January and 29 °C (84 °F) in May.
Approximately 87% of the annual average rainfall of 2,123 millimeters (83.6 inches) occurs between May and October.
Increasing air and water pollution emanating from traffic congestion and industrial waste are serious problems affecting public health and the quality of life in the city.
|Daily highs (°C)||25||28||33||34||33||32||31||32||32||32||30||26|
|Nightly lows (°C)||13||16||20||24||25||26||26||26||26||24||19||14|
Dhaka is located in central Bangladesh at 23°42′N 90°22′E, on the eastern banks of the Buriganga River. The city lies on the lower reaches of the Ganges Delta and covers a total area of 300 square kilometres (120 sq mi).
Tropical vegetation and moist soils characterize the land, which is flat and close to sea level. This leaves Dhaka susceptible to flooding during the monsoon seasons owing to heavy rainfall and cyclones.
Dhaka is one of the twin hubs of the financial industry. The city is the seat the Bangladesh Bank and the Dhaka Stock Exchange. The city's diverse economy registered a gross municipal product of US$85 billion in 2008. Dhaka is one of the fastest growing startup hubs in the world.
It has one of the largest concentrations of multinational companies in South Asia. The main commercial areas of the city are Motijheel, Dilkusha, Kawran Bazar, Gulshan, Mohakhali and Banani.
The city has a growing middle class, driving the market for modern consumer and luxury goods. Restaurants, shopping malls and hotels continue to serve as vital elements in the city's economy.
Home to the National Capital Complex, including the National Parliament designed by Louis Kahn. It also includes the prestigious University of Dhaka campus, the historic Suhrawardy Park, the Institute of Fine Arts, the Bangladesh National Museum, the Dhaka Club, the Ramna Park, the Liberation War Museum, the Motijheel Commercial Area and the Kawran Bazaar Business District. It is the city's financial hub and the center of the national press and media.
Includes Gulshan and other affluent areas, with the diplomatic zone, corporate avenues and international hotels and restaurants. The city's zoo, botanical gardens and cricket ground are also located in the north.
The historic and riverside quarter of Dhaka. The area is full of centuries-old tangled streets and alleyways. It includes mansions of Dhaka's old aristocracy and merchant class; Mughal and British colonial ruins; mosques, tombs; and the former Armenian district. Old Dhaka has a distinctive cuisine, including its special Bakharkhani biscuits, kebabs and biryani. TheSadarghat is Dhaka's waterfront and one of the busiest river ports in the world. A hub for ferries, boats and steam ships, it is the gateway to Dhaka for millions of people traveling between the city and the countryside each year.
Site of the international airport; as well as satellite towns and a large industrial and rural area in the north and east
Internet is now widely available in all over Dhaka at Internet cafes hidden in the various shopping complexes.
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