Info Bandar Seri Begawan
Bandar Seri Begawan formerly known as Brunei Town, is the capital and largest city of the Sultanate of Brunei.
Bandar Seri Begawan has an estimated population of 20,000, and including the whole Brunei-Muara District, the metro area has an estimated population of 279,924.
|POPULATION :||City: / Metro: 279,924|
|TIME ZONE :||BNT (UTC+8)|
|LANGUAGE :||Malay (official), English, Chinese|
|RELIGION :||Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%|
|AREA :||100.36 km2 (38.75 sq mi)|
|COORDINATES :||27°28′00″N 89°38′30″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 50.66% |
• Female: 49.34%
|ETHNIC :||Malay 66.3%, Chinese 11.2%, indigenous 3.4%, other 19.1%|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+673 02|
Brunei are known to its shophouses design. These are the shopping areas:
- Gadong Central is where many shopping complexes, shops and restaurants are located (e.g., The Mall Gadong, Western fast food restaurants and Ayamku, the local fast food chain). There is also a night market called Pasar Malam Gadong.
- Serusop Complex, Few small shopping malls and shopping complexes can be found near Brunei International Airport.
- Rimba, a medium-sized mall with Giant supermarket.
- Tungku-link Commercial Complex, various shophouses and local and Korean restaurants, textiles shops, carpet.
- Beribi Complex
- Kiulap Commercial Precinct in Kiarong, Kiulap Mall, private colleges, banks and various restaurants from local, Pakistani and Korean restaurants.
- Abdul Razak Complex and Seri Complex in Jalan Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha, Kiarong
Human settlement in Brunei can be traced back as far as 6th and 7th century with Malay trading centre and fishing port located near the current site of this city.
During the Bruneian Empire period from 15th-17th century, the Sultanate ruled much part of Borneo including the southern part of the Philippines and its capital of Manila, with the water settlement near the city area became the third centre of the administration after been moved twice from Kota Batu and Kampong Ayer.When the Sultanate rule declined through the eighteenth century due to the arrival of western powers such as the Spanish, Dutch and the British, this settlement population was totally decreased from its peak of 20,000 inhabitants.
From 1888 until its independence in 1984, Brunei was a British protectorate and land development began in 1906 when the British resident encouraged the Sultanate citizens to moved on a reclaimed land on the western bank of the inlet.
In 1899, first oil well was drilled at Ayer Bekunchi near Kampung Kasat, Bandar Seri Begawan. Although the oil well was drilled as deep as 259 metres (850 feet), no oil was found in the well. Oil exploration in Brunei later shifted to Seria and Belait District in 1924
Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II established a new palace on the west bank in 1909 after been persuaded by the British, along with the arriving of Chinese traders to boost the economy. Mosque and government buildings was also built along the western shores in 1920. In the same year, the new settlement was declared as a new capital of Brunei and became a municipal area.
However, the city prosperity was almost ended when the city was captured by the Japanese in 1941, before been recaptured by the Allied forces in 1945. During the war, most infrastructure was destroyed by Japanese and Allied bombing.
Together with the expansion of the oil and gas industry, commercialization began to transform Brunei's capital and a large number of public buildings were constructed, along with the development of a central business district in the 1970s and 1980s. On 1 August 2007, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah gave consent for the expansion of the city from 12.87 km2 (4.97 sq mi) to 100.36 km2 (38.75 sq mi).
Brunei features a tropical rainforest climate which is relatively hot and wet.
The city sees heavy precipitation throughout the course of the year with the Northeast Monsoon blows from December to March, while the Southeast Monsoon around June to October.
In 2010, the city average temperature ranges from 24 °C (75 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) with March being the hottest month and December being the coldest one.
Bandar Seri Begawan is located at 4°53'25"N, 114°56'32"E, on the northern bank of the Brunei River.
The city comprises the following Mukims (subdivisions of a district)
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