Sights & Landmarks in Malacca
The older part of the city proper has, in addition to the old palace and the large buildings left by the Europeans, many private houses and shops from nearly a century or more ago, put up by Chinese traders. Many of these have beautiful details such as moulded porcelain tiles and painted plaster reliefs on the front. Unfortunately, they tend to be not well preserved and the city government decided to paint all the buildings in the historical district a bright brick red some years ago, as the constant spitting by passers-by was proving a nuisance, which detracts from their aesthetic value.
Note that on Tuesdays, many museums, shops and restaurants are closed, especially in the Jonker Street area. If you have only one day to spend in Malacca, do not go on a Tuesday!
- Baba and Nyonya House Museum, 48-50 Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock (Street directly parallel to Jonker Walk), , e-mail:[email protected].10:00 am - 12:15 pm, 2:00 - 4:00 pm. Closed on Tuesdays. Step back in time with a visit to this museum which is an actual Peranakan heritage town house and is a great example of Peranakan culture. Mandatory guide-led tour. Photography is forbidden. RM16.
- Cheng Hoon Teng Temple., 25, Jalan Tokong, , e-mail:[email protected]. Morning to 7PM. Oldest Chinese temple in Malaysia and has an inscription dating 1685 commemorating the deeds of by Kapitan China Li Wei King.
- Christ Church. 8:30AM-5PM Mon-Sat.his church was built between 1741 and 1753. It replaced a Portuguese church, which was shattered. Bricks were shipped from Zeeland in the Netherlands. On the floor of the church you will find Dutch tombstones. It is the oldest Protestant church in Malaysia. On the altar you will see sacramental silverware, still bearing the Dutch coat of arms. Photography is forbidden. Free admission.
- Dutch Square. Beautiful square around Christ Church and the Stadhuys. On this square you will find the Tang Beng Swee Clock Tower, it looks Dutch, but it is not. It was built in 1886.
- Jonker, Heeren and adjacent streets. This is the residential heart of Old Malacca just west of the Malacca River, with its narrow winding streets, beautifully decorated houses, tiny shops, temples and mosques. The whole area is undergoing a renaissance with new shops, restaurants and hotels catering to tourists mushrooming everywhere. However, the area still has a lot of atmosphere and is worth having a look around. One of the streets in this area is Harmony Street (officially Temple street or Jalan Tokong), so called because it contains the prayer houses of Malaysia's three main faiths — the Cheng Hoon Teng Chinese temple, the Sri Poyatha Vinayagar Moorthi Hindu Temple, and the Kampung Kling Mosque.
- Maritime Museum (Muzium Samudera), Jalan Merdeka, . 9:00 am – 6:00 pm. The main historical exhibits are hosted inside a replica of the Flora de la Mar, a 16th-Century Portuguese ship. A building includes additional exhibits on modern maritime activity and sea life.
- Malay and Islamic World Museum, Jalan Kota (beside the Porta de Santiago), 06-2826526, 06-2811289. The ground floor hosts temporary exhibits, the first floor showcases Malay history (particularly before the sultanate), the second floor has exhibits on Indonesia. Only a few panels are translated in English. RM2.
- Islamic Museum Melaka, Jalan Kota (next to the architecture museum). A general introduction to Islam and the Islamic world, with a section on Islam in Malaysia and local scholars. RM2.
- Masjid Kampung Hulu, Jalan Hang Lekiu. Built in 1728, it's one of the oldest functioning mosques in Melaka together with Masjid Kampung Kling and Masjid Tengkera (Tranquerah), Jln Tengkera see the mixed architecture of Chinese, Javanese and Arab on the minarets and the roofs.
- Melaka Sultanate Palace (Istana Kesultanan Melaka), Jalan Kota, . Open daily from 9AM to 6PM except on Tuesdays and on Fridays from 12:15PM–2:45PM. Below the hill you will find this museum (Melaka Cultural Museum). It is a reconstruction of the istana of the sultan Mansur Shah. It was built in 1985. RM2.
- Porta de Santiago (A Famosa), Jalan Parameswara (around St Paul's Hill).The remains of the old Portuguese fort A Famosa, what you can see nowadays is a mostly Dutch reconstruction, bearing the VOC coat of arms.
- Saint Paul's Church (Gereja St. Paul), Jalan Kota (take a path up the hill and it will lead you to this church.). It was originally built in 1521, by the Portuguese. It became a fortress in 1567, until 1596. After the Dutch siege it became St Paul's, before it was known as Nossa Senhora da Annunciada (Our Lady of Annunciation). It has been used as a burial ground for the Dutch. You can still see the tombstones, along the walls of ruins of the church.
- Stadthuys, Jalan Gereja. Completed in 1660. It is a reproduction of the former Stadhuis (town hall) of the Frisian town of Hoorn in the Netherlands which existed from 1420 until 1796. Nowadays, it houses the Museums of History and Ethnography. This is one of the oldest Dutch buildings in the east.
- Stamp Museum, Jalan Kota (sandwiched between the Muzium Rakyat and the Malay and Islamic World Museum), 06-2834698.
- UMNO Museum, Jalan Kota (between the Islamic Museum and the Muzium Rakyat). Museum about the United Malays National Organisation
- Youth Museum/Melaka Art Gallery, 430 Jalan Laksamana (beside the Christ Church). Open Wed to Sun 9AM-5:30PM. The Youth Museum is on the ground floor, the Art Gallery on the second level. You can have a bird's eye view of Dutch Square from a window on the second level. combined ticket RM2.
- Yee’s Tea House, 22 Jalan Laksamana, . Famous Local tea shop selling a range of tea from China and Taiwan as well as offering tea ceremony classes.
- Bukit China. Bukit China is the one of the largest Chinese cemetery outside of mainland China. Graves can be found here that go back to the late Ming dynasty (mid 17th century). The earliest grave found so far dates to 1622, but unfortunately many graves were exhumed during the British occupation of Malaysia. Bukit China is a famous jogging spot for the locals and jogging tracks are available all over the hill. When you climb on top of the hill, you will have a nice view of the town.
- Melaka River. Take a relaxing stroll down the river from Jalan Munshi Abdullah. The route takes you along a boardwalk and past a number of chic-looking houses decorated with large paintings. You also get a good view of Bukit St. Paul over the town.
- Malacca Straits Mosque (Masjid Selat), 8 Jalan Pulau Melaka. A newly-built mosque on the man-made island, Pulau Melaka, just off the coast the city. Spectacular at evening and night.
- Poh San Teng Temple (Sam Po Kong). This temple is located at the foot of Bukit China and next to the King's Well, was founded in 1795 by Kapitan China Chua Su Cheong as a graveyard temple. The main deity is Fu-te Zhen Shen. the temple was built to allow the descendants of those buried on Bukit China to conduct prayers to their ancestors away from the heavy rain and strong winds. Next to it, the King's Well. Legends have it that Hang Liu was a Chinese princess from the Ming dynasty who was sent to Malacca to wed Sultan Mansor Shah in the 15th century when the Malacca Sultanate was at its zenith. She had 500 followers who were all settled on Bukit China, which means Chinese Hill, and this well, at the foot of the hill, was where they got their water.
- Portuguese Settlement (Take bus 17 (destination "Ujong Pasir and Bandar Hilir") from Melaka Sentral). Here is where the descendants of the Portuguese who conquered Malacca in 1511 live today. The settlement, just southeast of the city centre, consists of tidy rows of mostly wooden houses leading up to the Portuguese Square (Malay: Medan Portugis) and Hotel Lisboa (sorry, unlike its Macau namesake, there is no casino here) on the waterfront. The people here may look Malay, but if you peer into their houses, you'll see the characteristic altar with statues of Jesus and Mary perched high on their walls. Quite a few still speak Cristao (or Cristang), a Portuguese patois. There are also many restaurants for you to sample Portuguese fare. The most interesting times to visit are duringIntrudu - usually in February - when the you'll get a Songkran-like drenching with buckets of water thrown at you; Festa San Pedro to commemorate the Feast of Saint Peter in June, when there are processions, cultural shows and general merry-making; and Christmas, when the whole settlement is decked in decorative lights.
- St John's Hill and Fort. Malacca's other fortress located on top of St John's Hill in Bandar Hilir, south of the city. Pretty views of the surroundings from the top. Malacca Town Bus (green) No. 17 passes by this fort.
- Geok Hu Keng Temple, Jalan Pokok Mangga (Hop in any of the Patt Hup Buses and stop slightly opposite the temple or you may take town Bus no 18 which stops beside the temple.). 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM. This temple has a history of 130 years. Managed by local communities, the temple was incorporated under the management of Cheng Hoon Teng in 2000. Major celebrations - 3rd day of Chinese New Year, Hien Tian Siong Teh's birthday on 3rd day of 3rd lunar month and the birthday of Geok Hu Tai Chong on 29th day of 6th Lunar Month. free.
- Kampung Morten. a village of traditional houses, it is on the west bank of the Malacca River.
- Malacca Zoo (Zoo Melaka) (Exit at the Ayer Keroh interchange from the North-South Expressway. Go straight until you see the signboard of Zoo Melaka.), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. 9AM - 6PM. The second-biggest, and perhaps the best zoo in Malaysia, even better than the National Zoo. The zoo is in a reserved forest where the animal enclosures more resemble the animals' natural habitat. The trees within the zoo compound provide ample shade for visitors during hot and sunny days. There is a lake in the zoo. Night Zoo open on Friday, Saturday, Eve of Public Holiday and School Holidays from 8PM to 11PM. Adult RM7, child RM4, Camera fee RM10.
- Padang Kemunting Sea-Turtle Sanctuary (on the Upeh island, in front of Padang Kemunting beach, 28 km from Melaka Sentral.). 10AM - 4PM, closed on Mon and public holidays. You can see the most beautiful sea-turtle in the world, the hawksbill turtle. Relax to the sound of the Straits of Malacca as there are lots of kampong-type budget resorts for you to choose. free admission.
- Taman Mini Malaysia and Mini ASEAN, Lebuh Ayer Keroh, 75450 Ayer Keroh, , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily, 9AM-5PM. Located in Ayer Keroh, along the main road from the Ayer Keroh toll plaza to Melaka town, about 1 km from Melaka Zoo between the Zoo and toll plaza. It has full-size reconstructions of typical houses from all 13 Malaysian states and all the members of ASEAN. There are daily cultural shows at 11AM and 2PM. Adult RM20, child RM12.