Ulaanbaatar

Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, also Ulan Bator or simply just UB, is the capital and, with a population of around 1,200,000, also the largest city in Mongolia.In fact, according to recent estimates, this means approximately 41% of the country lives here. It is located just east of the center of the country.

Info Ulaanbaatar

introduction

Ulaanbaatar, also Ulan Bator or simply just UB, is the capital and, with a population of around 1,200,000, also the largest city in Mongolia.In fact, according to recent estimates, this means approximately 41% of the country lives here. It is located just east of the center of the country.

It is the cultural, industrial and financial heart of the country, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.

The city was founded in 1639 as a movable (nomadic) Buddhist monastic centre. In 1778, it settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers. Before that, it changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing centre.

info

POPULATION : City: 1,372,000 
FOUNDED :  1639
TIME ZONE : H (UTC+8) 
LANGUAGE : Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian
RELIGION : Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%
AREA : 4,704.4 km2 (1,816.3 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 1,350 m (4,429 ft)
COORDINATES : 47°55′N 106°55′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 49.50%  
 Female: 50.50%
ETHNIC : Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic 5%, other 0.1%
AREA CODE : 11
POSTAL CODE : 210 xxx
DIALING CODE : +976 (0)11
WEBSITE : Official Website

Tourism

Ulaanbaatar has a long history, and is only now undergoing an industrial revolution. UB is one of the most drab looking cities on the face of the planet, a travesty really, considering it's the capital of one the most beautiful and hospitable countries on earth. Still, as traditionalists, Mongolians love their capital. They understand that it is not an Asian beauty, but in their hearts they are aware of the city's history, culture and many struggles. Foreigners who take the time to get to know the faces that are hidden behind the gray walls will discover a hospitable and warm-hearted people.

Explore the city from different angles, while at the same time do not ignore the abject poverty of many of the ex-nomads who in recent years have come to the city to find work after severe winters have killed their livestock. In this way, you will learn to unlock the city's many secrets and discover an Ulaanbaatar that is not initially revealed to the casual visitor.

Peace Avenue (Enkh Taivny Örgön Chölöö) is the main street and it stretches from east to west through the center. It's the main shopping street and many of the restaurants are along it. The street also passes by the southern edge of the central square, Sükhbaatar Square. Tourist information office is located in the south flank of the town hall in the western corner of Sükhbaatar square.

History

Ulaanbaatar's history as the capital of Mongolia dates back to the founding of a ger monastery in 1639 called Örgöö or Urga which means "palace-yurt" near the ancient Mongol capital of Karakorum some 250 km west of the current site of the city.

In 1651, it became the capital of the first Jebtsundamba Khutughtu, Zanabazar, when he returned from Tibet. The mobile monastery gradually became a mobile city, moving every few years as needed. Urga was moved 25 times between its founding in 1639 and settling in its current location in 1778. By this time, it had several thousand tents and temples and was served by trade routes from China and Russia. It was also estimated to have about 10,000 monks.

The Gandan Monastery was established in 1809 and became the center of learning for all of Mongolia, and one of the most important monasteries in Tibetan Buddhism. The city continued to grow as a provincial capital of the Qing Empire and a center of religion and trade through the 19th century.

In 1911, the 8th Bogd Khan declared independence from China, leading to a long unstable period in the city's history including an occupation by a Chinese warlord in 1919. However, the Chinese were kicked out by the White Russian, Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, aka the "Mad Baron", in 1921. This forced the Soviets to intervene and set up a puppet state in what was then known as Outer Mongolia.

In 1924, the city's name changed from Urga to Ulaanbaatar ("Red Hero"). Many of the monasteries and temples were destroyed in the religious purges of the 1930s. Following the end of the 2nd World War, the old ger districts were largely cleared out for Soviet-style city apartments, offices, and factories. The Trans-Mongolian Railway was completed in 1956, connecting Ulaanbaatar to Beijing and Moscow. Gandan Monastery was reopened during a visit by US Vice President Henry Wallace in 1944 when he asked to see a monastery.

Since the democratic revolution in 1990, the population of the city more than doubled to over a million with thousands moving in from the countryside. The commercial and residential real estate sectors have boomed since 2000, though large factories have closed and much of the city still lives in ger districts.

Climate

Owing to its high elevation, its relatively high latitude, its location hundreds of kilometres from any coast, and the effects of the Siberian anticyclone, Ulaanbaatar is the coldest national capital in the world, with a monsoon-influenced, cold semi-arid climate.

The city features brief, warm summers and long, bitterly cold and dry winters. The coldest January temperatures, usually at the time just before sunrise, are between −36 and −40 °C (−33 and −40 °F) with no wind, due to temperature inversion.

Most of the annual precipitation of 267 millimetres (10.51 in) falls from June to September.

 ClimateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daily highs (°C)-16-11-2817222322167-4-14
Nightly lows (°C)-27-24-15-6381192-6-16-24
Precipitation (mm)1.11.72.78.313425852266.43.22.5

NOAA

Geography

Ulaanbaatar is located at about 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) above mean sea level, slightly east of the centre of Mongolia on the Tuul River, a subtributary of the Selenge, in a valley at the foot of the mountain Bogd Khan Uul. Bogd Khan Uul is a broad, heavily forested mountain rising 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) to the south of Ulaanbaatar. It forms the boundary between the steppe zone to the south and the forest-steppe zone to the north.

It is also one of the oldest reserves in the world, being protected by law since the 18th century. The forests of the mountains surrounding Ulaanbaatar are composed of evergreen pines, deciduous larches and birches while the riverine forest of the Tuul River is composed of broad-leaved, deciduous poplars, elms and willows. As a point of reference Ulaanbaatar lies on roughly the same latitude as Vienna, Munich and Orléans. It lies on roughly the same longitude as Chongqing, Hanoi and Jakarta.

Subdivisions

Ulaanbaatar is divided into nine districts (Düüregs):

  • Baganuur
  • Bagakhangai
  • Bayangol
  • Bayanzürkh
  • Chingeltei
  • Khan Uul
  • Nalaikh
  • Songino Khairkhan
  • Sükhbaatar

Each district is subdivided into Khoroos, of which there are 121.

Internet, Comunication

Internet cafes - there are many Internet cafes liberally scattered around the city. Also, many of the restaurants and coffee houses have WiFi.

Telephone - the city has an international call center. However, if you have access to a private phone, the most convenient way to make an international call is to use a prepaid card, such as BodiCom.

Prices in Ulaanbaatar

PRICES LIST - USD

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter$ 0.90
Tomatoes1 kg$ 2.20
Cheese0.5 kg$ 4.80
Apples1 kg$ 2.75
Oranges1 kg$
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$ 1.10
Bottle of Wine1 bottle$ 8.00
Coca-Cola2 liters$ 1.15
Bread1 piece$ 0.50
Water1.5 l$ 0.95

PRICES LIST - USD

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2$ 20.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2$ 30.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2$ 44.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal$ 4.90
Water0.33 l$ 0.65
Cappuccino1 cup$ 2.75
Beer (Imported)0.33 l$ 2.50
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$ 2.50
Coca-Cola0.33 l$ 1.10
Coctail drink1 drink$ 7.00

PRICES LIST - USD

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets$ 7.00
Gym1 month
Men’s Haircut1 haircut$ 6.00
Theatar2 tickets$ 36.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.$ 0.05
Pack of Marlboro1 pack$ 4.00

PRICES LIST - USD

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack$
Tampons32 pieces$ 5.00
Deodorant50 ml.$ 4.30
Shampoo400 ml.$ 4.40
Toilet paper4 rolls
Toothpaste1 tube$ 1.55

PRICES LIST - USD

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1$ 90.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1$ 45.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1$ 105.00
Leather shoes1$ 140.00

PRICES LIST - USD

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter$ 1.02
TaxiStart$ 0.50
Taxi1 km$ 0.45
Local Transport1 ticket$ 0.25

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

The majority of visitors arrive in Mongolia through Chinggis Khaan International Airport , which is located 18 km to the southwest of Ulaanbaatar. Many locals still call the airport by its old name "Bouyant Uka". The airport was reconstructed in 1990, and the immigration, customs formalities and luggage delivery are relatively efficient. The airport does have a high number of canceled or delayed flights because of difficulty landing when wind is blowing from the south, which luckily is not very often.

Getting to the airport can take as long as an hour during morning or evening traffic. Shuttle bus are available from Chinggis Khaan Airport to Bagshiin Deed ( Opposite of Mongolian State University of Education bus stop that is near to Ulaanbaatar Hotel in the city center) departing every one hour. The first shuttle bus departing from Bagshiin Deed at 4AM and the last bus departs at 22:00pm. It costs 4,000MNT one way. The sign on the bus says "Чингис Хаан Нисэх Буудал”. Local Bus #11 and #22 also go to the Airport. Taxis to and from the airport should cost 15,000 to 20,000MNT, though you should agree to the price before getting in or you get charged much more. The drive can take 30 minutes, or up to an hour during the day.

AirlinesCarrierDestinations
MIAT Mongolian AirlinesFlag CarrierBeijing Capital-Beijing,Seoul, Erlian, Hong Kong,Berlin, Moscow, Osaka, and Narita-Tokyo
(Due to its use of older foreign pilot, it has the fewest canceled flights in and out of UB.)
Turkish AirInternationalIstanbul, Bishkek
AeroflotInternationalMoscow- daily
Air ChinaInternationalBeijing -multiple daily flights
Korean AirInternationalSeoul- multiple daily flights
Hunnu AirlinesMongolian/Domesticinternational- Bangkok,Hong Kong, Shanghai
domestic- Altai,Bayanhongor, Choibalsan,Dalanzadgad, Hovd,Mörön, Ulaangom, andUliastai
(changed name from Mongolian Airlines to reduce confusion with MIAT)
AeroMongoliaMongolian/Domesticinternational- Hohhot, China and Irkutsk, Russia
domestic- Altai,Dalanzadgad, Hovd,Mörön, Ölgii, Ulaangom, and Uliastai,
(Charges foreigners double the rate for Mongolian citizens)
Eznis AirwaysMongolia/DomesticInternational- Hailar, Domestic- Choibalsan,Mörön, Ölgii, Tavan Tolgoi,Ulaangom, Khatgal (Lake Hovsgol)
(Though the website has a purchase option, it rarely works. Its best to buy over the phone or at the office.)
Sky Horse AviationDomestic/Air TaxiScheduled service to Baruun-Urt and Tsontsengel
(Air Taxi Service is $2,000 an hour total for up to 9 passengers.)

Transportation - Get In

By Train

Direct (but long) journeys are possible from destinations between Moscow, Russia and Beijing, China on the Trans-Mongolian line of the Trans-Siberian Railway.

Trains from Beijing run once a week (on Tuesdays) and seats can only be reserved at the International Hotel in Beijing (a ten minute walk north of the main Beijing rail station). The journey takes about 30 hours. Packing a face mask might be a good idea as sandstorms in the Gobi desert may cause difficulty in breathing. Trains also run to the Chinese border towns of Erlian and Jining 3-4 times a week.

The weekly Trans-Mongolian departs every Wednesday morning from Beijing (30 h) and Tuesday evening from Moscow (100 h or little over 4 days) and in addition there are two weekly direct trains from Moscow (departing We and Th). There's also a daily train to/from Irkutsk in Russia, which can also be reached from Vladivostok at the eastern end of the Trans-Siberian.

  • Ulaanbaatar Train Station (Located about 3 km west from the center of the city). 

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

Once in the country, it should not be difficult to find a bus going to UB, at least from larger towns. However, bus stops are difficult to locate, with buses usually just stopping in populated areas. Furthermore, Mongolian buses are notorious for being late and on some routes for not even arriving on the scheduled day. Domestic buses usually go to Dragon Center, Teevriin Tovchoo (near Main Railway Station ) and the Botanical Gardens.

  • Dragon Center (драгон), СХД18-р хороо, 18072 Улаанбаатар.The primary bus station for all buses going to the west, north, and the Gobi
  • Botanical Gardens (ботаник) (1km east of the eastern traffic circle). the Gardens are completely destroyed, but the location is well known to the locals. Serves inter-city buses to Eastern Mongolia.
  • A daily bus leaves for Ulan Ude in Russia. The bus leaves at 7.30am at UB's train station and takes around 11 hours, going via the Altanbulag border crossing. Any travel agency should be able to book tickets. The bus is a much faster option than the train.

Transportation - Get In

By Car

As there are barely any paved roads in Mongolia, the few ones that exist, lead to Ulaanbaatar. Navigating in Mongolia on a paved road is very easy because you just have to follow that ONE road (compared to driving on tracks, where there are hundreds of possibilities...).

Coming from the north the paved road starts at the Russian border at Suhbaatar. Coming from the south (the Gobi) the paved road starts at Chinese border at Zamiin-Uud (Completed in 2013). Coming from thenorth-east the paved road starts at Bulgan. From the west, the road starts in either Bayanhongor in the southwest or Tsetserleg further north.


Transportation - Get Around

Realize that street names are rarely known by Mongolians, and street names usually only appear on maps and official addresses. Official addresses list the district, micro district (usually a large block bound by major streets), and the building number. However, since blocks can have dozens of buildings, with more continuously being squeezed in between existing ones, addresses are not very helpful. It is best to have directions for major landmarks using lots of descriptions (i.e. turn right at the 1st traffic signal west of the state dept store). Some major streets to know are Peace Ave (East to west, in front of Sukhbaatar Sq, is the main road in UB), Chinggis Blvd (North-south on east side of Sukhbaatar, turns west toward airport in front of Bogd Khan Winter Palace), and Seoul Street (runs west from Chinggis Blvd just south of Sukhbaatar, crosses in front of the Circus).

Transportation - Get Around

By taxi

Taxis are cheap, charging around T900 per kilometer, but a foreigner will get overcharged easily. A ride from the airport to the city center should cost you no more than T20,000, but most drivers will try to charge you a minimum of T30,000. You may get a better and more reliable deal by seeking out older drivers in their own cars, rather than the official yellow cabs, now there are new white cabs with large square meter LCD on the dash. Younger drivers can sometimes get extremely opportunistic and try to hold you or your luggage at ransom until you pay them extraordinary amounts of money. Always negotiate the fare in advance and don't be fooled by tricks like "I meant 3,000 for each of you." or random cars offering taxi services.

  • Tip: carry a small memo of MNT amounts (500 MNT, 1000 MNT, 1500 MNT etc.) and show them exactly what you are willing to pay before you get on.
  • Help Taxi,  +976 99652371. Fluent English speaking dispatch, all drivers have at least limited English. Main taxi service for all the embassies. 1,000T/km, Min of 4,000T, Airport to City Center 30,000T.
  • iTaxi+976 77171717. English speaking dispatches, metered taxi rides, texts you when the taxi arrives to pick you up. 1,000T/km, Airport to City Center 20,000T.

Transportation - Get Around

By bus

Buses are regular and have a fixed charge of T500. Electric trolley-buses cost T200 but are slower and run fewer routes. Smaller buses (really just vans), called micro-bus, are equally accessible at T300-500. These have someone who hangs out the window at each stop shouting the name of the destination in rapid Mongolian. A bit hard to understand.

Many of the city buses go out to the edge of the city. Route 22, goes southwest to the Bird Farm along the Tuul River. Catch the bus at the Ard Cinema bus stop, the Cinema has been replaced by an Anod Bank. This bus stop is located on Bagatoiruu Street, from the central Post Office walk west along Peace Ave. At the intersect with the traffic lights, cross the street and turn right (north) half a block and you will reach a small square with the bus stop.

As in any city, be wary of pick pockets on the buses, especially when the buses are packed.

Transportation - Get Around

By foot

Walking is also an option as the city center is quite compact. Having only one main Avenue, Ulaanbaatar stretches from east to west and it's also easy to draw a mental map. but getting around ger districts can be puzzling. Get a good city map at the Mongolian Government Map shop. Located on Ih Toiruu Street. West from the State Department Store three blocks, the first intersection with traffic lights, turn right (North) about one half block, on the east side of the street you will see a yellow and blue Elba Appliance store, the Map Shop is behind and inline with the North wall of the Elba. But purchasing map from the airport would help save you a lot of time. finding specific places or offices by address is quite challenging because locals will usually tell you the places by nearest landmarks such as West Junction (supposed to be Undsen Huuliin gudamj) and Urt Tsagaan (which is Tourist Street1) and along the department store (Peace avenue) sometimes locals will not know any better than you as they too never seen some street names put on the streets. specially when you buy guide books, look for books with pictures printed so that it would help you ask locals about places rather than only showing written addresses with postal codes.

 

Hotels

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Hotels

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Shopping

Exchange rate of Mongolian tögrög (₮) to U.S. dollars is 1,990 ₮ = US$1.

While Mongolia remains a mostly poor country, the booming economy has brought with it a whole host of high-end fashion by any definition. Louis Vuitton, Burberry, Armani, Tommy Hilfiger, and many other luxury brands have stores in the city center in shiny new shopping centers.


Major shopping centers

  • State Department Store (Ikh Delguur) (west of Sukhbaatar SQ on Peace Ave). 10:00-22:00. Former state owned mall, today is the busiest luxury shopping mall in the city. The 6 floor mall sells everything from groceries to cashmere to TVs. Though no longer part of the state, the customer service still has a certain government services feel. Check out the 5th floor for the largest souvenir shops in UB.
  • Naran Tuul (Black Market) (3 km east of the children's park on Narnii Rd).Closed on Monday. If you want to shop like most locals, Naran Tuul is the place to haggle over cheap clothes, toys, fur hats, soviet propaganda pins, or any necessary you can imagine. This is the main market for most of the city's residents and sprawls over many hectares. It is partially indoors. There are several slightly more upscale shopping centers just west of the market. Only take a minimum of cash with you in a money belt or inner jacket pocket and leave all valuables at your accommodation, as pickpockets are common here. It's a 10-minute bus or taxi ride from the city center.
  • 3rd & 4th Microdistrictnorthwest side of Gandan, 2 km north of Train Station. Probably the largest shopping districts in the city. It has several malls, name-brand stores, restaurants, supermarkets, curbside booths, and a movie theater. Selection ranges from luxury brands down to cheap Chinese imports.

Souvenir shops

UB has a host of souvenir shops aimed at Western and East Asian tourists. While the quality of the goods varies, the price is usually high. They sell traditional clothes, boots and hats, cashmere garments, jewelery, leather wall hangings, miniature gers, bow and arrow sets and paintings. Most are located along Peace Ave west of Sukhbaatar Square. One of the better ones is Mary and Martha Fair Trade Shop between the Flower Center and State Dept Store just north of Peace Ave.

  • Mary & Martha (north of the State Dept Store bus stop, look for the signs), e-mail: . A small Free Trade shop full of beautiful hand made souvenirs, handbags, and wall-hangings.
  • Flower CenterPeace Avenue & Inner Ring Road, west of Sukhbaatar Sq.One of the larger souvenir shops in the city. Has a broad selection, but a bit pricy. There is money exchange center on the 2nd floor.

Foods

  • Mercury Food Market (Chinese Market). Closed on Mondays. A small market center near the center of the city is one of the best places to get imported fruits and vegetables, as well as imported packaged goods.
  • Good Price Supermarket. 09:00-10:00. Catering to expats and wealthier Mongolians, it is the most reliable source of peanut butter, breakfast cereals, canned beans, and cheese in Mongolia. Though these luxuries come at a much higher price than any other supermarket in Mongolia.

Books

  • Librairie Papillon. If you want to find very high quality books about Mongolia or the Mongolian language in European languages (French and English mostly) this place has a very large selection. They are located on University Ave, just past the main Mongolian National University building. The atmosphere is very nice, and is almost like taking a little break from Mongolia and entering France. They also have a large selection of European language classics if you would like reading material for your journey.
  • Mike's Bookstore (South of the Bayangol Hotel, West of the New Building).See their website for details. They sell many used books and sometimes buy books, there is a buyback policy.Mostly English books, but some in other languages

How to get cash

Tellers at the Golomt Bank can give up to US$500 per day cash advance on MasterCard and Visa.

The only ATM that accepts CIRRUS cards is the one at the airport.

It is relatively easy to find an ATM with a VISA logo to withdraw cash. As long as your ATM, debit or credit card has the VISA logo, you can withdraw tögrög, the local currency. Other card types are also accepted, simply not as widely, for example, the machines in the central Post Office and main street will not accept foreign MasterCards although they bear the logo. Golomt Bank and TDB Banks are the most reliable. Golomt also accepts American Express. All ATMs should accept foreign credit cards as long as you informed your bank you are going to Mongolia. The more expensive shops take credit cards, but almost everywhere else runs strictly on cash. Note that most credit card companies will charge you a foreign currency conversion fee of about 3%.

There are many exchange offices in the center along Peace Avenue to change your currency into tögrög. One is on the ground floor of the State Department Store. Better rates are at the Exchange Center on the second floor of the Flower Center. The Flower Center is located on Peace Ave. one block west of the Post Office. At the corner with traffic lights between the Post Office and State Department Store. Large Hotels like the Ulaanbaatar Hotel one block east of Sükhbaatar Square will exchange money 24/7 at the reception, which may be your only option if you arrive very late in the day.

Restaurants

Nobody travels to Mongolia for the food, but Ulaanbaatar has a good range of Western, Asian and Mongolian options. Even better, meals here are quite reasonable. You can get perfectly reasonable pizza for 5,000 ₮, even a night out at a fancy French cafe shouldn't pass 30,000 ₮. Consider splurging on a couple good meals here, especially if headed out for a long trek into the country. Be aware that fresh vegetables, especially in winter, are hard to come by and expensive outside of the city. New and better-quality restaurant are opening all the time to serve the rapidly growing wealth of the capital city. International chain restaurants have started to appear as of 2013 with places like the Coffee Bean, KFC, Round Table Pizza, and Cinnabon all opening.

Korean (solongos khoolnee gazar) and Chinese restaurants are plentiful in the city. As Asian restaurants in America tend to tailor their menu to the American palate, so in Ulaanbaatar do the East Asian restaurants tailor their menu to the Central Asian palate.


Budget

Throughout Ulaanbaatar are many small Гуанз and Цайны Газар's. Try one of these for cheap Mongolian food. Buuz usually costs 400–600 ₮. Most universities have a good cafeteria for cheap eats starting from 1,800 ₮ to about 2,500 ₮. Mongolian National University and Mongolian University of Science and Technology (both near the North East block from the Parliament Building) have good cafeterias. All university cafeterias have nutritionists so at least you know you are getting all the basic nutrients when you eat there.

  • Papa CafePeace Ave (Go east from the British Embassy to 2nd building, next to a parking lot. Name in the right side of the second floor window. Entrance in the back or northside.),  11461687, e-mail: . 10 to 9, Closed Sunday. Free wifi, burgers, chicken burgers, expresso and bakery goods. Saturday opens at 9AM with breakfast special, one large waffle, with fresh fruit, ice cream, bacon, Mongolian blueberry jam, and syrup plus coffee or other drink.4,000–7,000 ₮.
  • Gerel Ayalguu VegetarianBuilding 28 (Go west from the State Department Store to the first traffic light, Hope Dental Clinic is on the NW corner, turn right, it is on the corner of the small street that comes from the east, about 50 m north of Peace Ave.), 88145959. 10AM - 7PM; closed Sunday. Vegetarian, salads & soups under 4,000 ₮. Under 5,000 ₮.
  • My Homemade Khushur (On Peace Avenue near the State Department Store).Serves a favorite Mongolian dish, mutton fried in dough. One khushur is 500 ₮, and three is a pretty adequate meal.
  • Stupa Cafe (Across the street from the Zanbazar Fine Arts Museum in the center of the city). 10AM to 8PM daily. Vegetarian dishes vary daily, coffee, tea and traditional Mongolian drinks, fresh cakes. There is a large white stupa in the front yard. Under 5,000 ₮.
  • Coca-Cola and Kabab (On the Southwest corner of the square in front of the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum). 10AM to 8PM daily. Two versions of a meat pita bread sandwich, meat grilled Turkish style on a vertical rotisserie, meat with tomato and lettuce and some sauce 4,000–6,000 ₮.
  • PYCCKOE bUCTRO UZbYWKA (On the Northeast corner of the square in front of the Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum). 10AM-8PM. Small Russian restaurant, various dishes, Piroshki (small pies with meat or vegetarian filling). Meals are 4,000–6,000 ₮, Piroshki is 800 ₮.
  • Luna Blanca (Vegan Food) (Close to Sukhbaatar Square, west of the National Museum, opposite side of the street), 976-99251131, 55159651, 98209894, 976-11-327172, e-mail: . 11:00-20:00. Food is pricy for vegetarian, but very good quality. They also sell some ingredients, vegan sausages, etc. Around 4,000 ₮.
  • Joe's Corner Burgers (go north on road to right of state dept store, between shops and apts after the 1st apt building). stops serving around 9PM. Sells American burgers and hot dogs all with fries. probably the best value in UB for a decent burger and fries. 4,000–5,500 ₮.
  • Hap CapNamyangju St. (НАМЪЯАНЖУГИЙН ГУДАМЖ) no.51 (On the top floor of the Made In Mongolia block). 10:00-21:00, closed on Thursdays. Simple budget restaurant that does a wide range of Mongolian food. The difference is that menus have photos of a lot of the dishes, and the portions are Mount-Everest sized! Ideal if visiting Narantuul Zakh (AKA Black Market) and also reachable from east Peace Avenue.

Mid-range

  • City Cafe (across the street from Sukhbaatar Square). Great food and location, wonderful staff. Malaysian/Chinese food.
  • El Latino Restaurant (On Peace Ave, just 50 m east from the State Department Store),  99282459fax: 976-11-327503. 11AM - 10PM. Latin-American, Spanish and Mongolian dishes complemented by Spanish wines, tropical cocktails, coffee, beer, since 1999. US$3–5.
  • Ko-hyang-shik-dang (next to Metro Mall there is a BBQ chicken and facing that second restaurant on your left). Korean food. 6,000–7,000 ₮.
  • Millie's Espresso (West side of the Choijin Lama Monastery),  330338.8AM-8PM. Good selection of American style cafe food with some vegetarian, coffee, Free WiFi. $10.
  • Sansar Asian Food (Cancap Azi Xool), Ikh Tooyruu St (From the East Crossroad, north past the Kempinski Hotel, on the east side of the street, about 400 m), 88080005. 24 hours. $10.
  • Nayra Cafe35-1 Tourist St (2 blocks west of the Government House), 317098. 8AM. Good pizza and sandwiches, good coffee, Free WiFi. Most under 8,000 ₮.
  • Chinggis ClubSukhbaatar St. 10 (On the street that passes on the west side of Sukhbaatar Square, from Sukhbaatar Square go north past the second traffic light, on your left about 40 m north of the intersection.). 10-24. Co-located with the Chinggis Brewery, German style cooking and beer. Their own locally brewed light and dark beer on tap. US$10.
  • Hishig Mongol 2 (Khshig Mongol 2), 10th District, 46th Building (On Peace Ave, several kilometers west of the Department store, near the 3rd hospital), 70180585. A Mongolian restaurant, no foreign language menu or staff, if you want to experience modern Mongolia cuisine this is the place. Roasted Sheep head, roasted ribs, buuz, dried meat soup. US#6–10.
  • Budweiser Bar (Across from the NW corner of Suhbaatar Square). Fish and chips, steak, English breakfast. US$6–10.
  • Turning Point CafeTserendorj Street, 4th Khoroo, 97611 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia+976 7011 9940. Conveniently located Jazz-theme restaurant and bar featuring modern decor, international cuisine, wide range of alcoholic beverages and cocktails, piped music and regular live entertainment. Sandwiches for 12,000 ₮.
  • Venus Cafe (Malaysian Restaurant) (From the State Department Store East 2 short blocks, small street just past the bus stop, turn north (left), go straight about 200 m, on the left a few doors past the French Bakery),  11327496.lunch, dinner. Malaysian food, hot curries, masala, roti, chicken, be sure to tell your spice level, lunch set menu US$5. US$10.

Splurge

Outside of alcohol, it is hard to spend outrageous sums of money in Ulaanbaatar. The most expensive meals in the city will be around 40,000 a person. Whiskey or any other non-vodka liquors can be a bit pricy.

  • Nagomi Sushi Restaurant (Inside the Khaan Bank building on Seoul Street, just past the Circus). 12PM. The meals are prepared by a Japanese chef. Also run a full Japanese Restaurant at the Kempinski Hotel. Each plate is 3,000–7,000 ₮ with 4 or 5 making a meal.
  • bd's Mongolian BBQ (Sukhbaatar District, Seoul street – 9, in the right side of Ayanchin Outfitters). 12PM. Basically an Americanized Chinese restaurant like all the Mongolian grills in the U.S. (which Americans may prefer to actual Mongolian food). It is almost exclusively frequented by tourists who arrive directly as part of a tour by bus. Suitable for vegetarians (one can add tofu and soy meat instead of real meat). One bowl is approximately 15,000 ₮ and all-you-can-eat is approximately 30,000 ₮. Check your bill before you pay because guests are charged for all-you-can-eat unless specified otherwise. Part of Nomads chain.$15.
  • California Restaurant (on Seoul Street, west of the circus). Extensive foreign and Mongolian menu. Beautifully decorated, high quality food and suitable for vegetarians (good tofu). It's a bit small, but in the summer there is additional outside seating. Reservations are advised. 10,000–30,000 ₮ per meal.
  • Los Bandidos. Mexican-Indian fusion food sounds terrible until you taste the spicy chicken masala or crispy tacquitos. They are at a new location not far from Sukhbaatar Square. The prices are higher now, but the atmosphere has improved and most mains are still in the $7-10 range.
  • Khara-KhorumKempinski hotel. Has an excellent brunch on the weekends with fruit and meats, omelet and juice bar, caviar and champagne. Brunch is 40,000 ₮.
  • Nomads. Excellent variety and quality for both locals and tourists. Good, clean toilets, an added bonus. Part of Nomads chain.
  • Hazara North Indian RestaurantBehind the Wrestling Palace,  +976 011 48 0214, e-mail: . Serving spicy north Indian, Kashmiri, and Afghani food since 1997. Food is all Halal, vegan options available. Well decorated restaurant and costumed waitresses can make you think you are in Delhi instead of Mongolia. From 10,000 ₮.
  • Guantanamera Cuban Restaurant (south from SW corner of Sukhbaatar, turn left 2nd intersection, go 200 m). Cuban cook and bartenders. Truly authentic Cuban food and mojitos. Sandwich 10,000 ₮, meal 20,000 ₮.
  • Namaste Indian RestaurantInside Flower Hotel, near Sansar Tunnel+976 99270957, e-mail: . Mongolia's first Halal certified restaurant, serves some of the best Indian food in the city. There is another location on the Outer Ring Road in the Impex building. Meals are around 20,000 ₮ per person.

Sights & Landmarks

Note that most tourist sites have a separate camera/video fee (typically 5,000–10,000 ₮) in addition to the entrance fee.


Monasteries

  • Gandan Monastery (Gandantegchinlen Khiid). The main monastery in the city has services around 10AM every morning. It is one of the few monasteries in the country that escaped the communist purges during the 1930s. Entrance 4,000 ₮.
  • Choijin Lama MonasteryUlaanbaatar, Chingeltrei district, Left of Central Library.09:00-19:30 in summer, closed on Sundays and Mondays during winter season. Choijing Lama Temple Museum is a unique showcase of religious art and the history of Buddhism in Mongolia. This museum is a gem of the historical and cultural and cultural heritage of the previous century. The monastery was active until 1938. According to the decree of the Peoples Khural, November 1941, the monastery was included in the list of historical and cultural monuments and was taken charge by the Committee of sciences in 1942. It was then turned into a museum. The museum is an ensemble of Buddhist architecture and consists of 5 temples and 5 arched gates. In the main temple there is the sculpture of Choijing Lama and the embalmed mummy of his teacher. It also contains the great coral mask of Begtse, created under the direction of protectors using over 6,000 pieces of coral. Yadam temple and Amgalan temple contain rare artifacts made by the famous Mongolian artist and sculptor, Zanabazar. In total the museum has over 5,000 items out of which 12 are unique and 200 are particularly valuable. Adult 8,000 ₮, student 3,000 ₮, child 1,500 ₮, photography 50,000 ₮.
  • Bogd Khan Winter Palace MuseumKhan-Uul district, Chinggis avenue Bogd Khan palace museum Ulaanbaatar. 10-17. This palace known as The green palace was built between 1893-1903 during 10 years by Mongolian masters and dedicated to the VIII Bogd gegeen, the head of lamaist religion & last khan of Mongolia.In 1911 there was formed The Bogd Khan state and the VIII Bogd gegeen assumed political authority over Mongolia as the Bogdo khan or "Holy King" and continued to govern as a constitutional monarch from the time of the Mongolian People's Revolution in 1921 until his dearth of illness in 1924. After Bogd Khan death in 1924 it was turned into museum Bogd Khan palace was founded as the first National historical museum of Mongolia. In 1954 was founded The state central museum and the Bogd Khan palace museum became the branch museum. Since 2000 the museum is activating as Bogd Khan palace museum.Now the Bogd Khan palace museum consists of seven Summer Prayer temples and the winter palace. The collections of the museum include unique and valuable objects related to Mongolia's political, religious, and artistic history from the 17 to early 20th centuries: bronze castings, silk paintings, mineral paintings, and paper icons made by well-known artists and artisans of the period, among others the first Bogd Javzundamba Zanabazar and his school; as well as objects owned and used by the VIII Bogd Javzundamba and his wife queen Dondogdulam, including royal clothing and equipment, gifts from domestic and foreign guests or representatives, and items purchased by the king for his own diversion. The collection of the museum is consists of a great number of original objects and works of art from the Bogd Khan palace and is divided into 12 parts: sculpture, scrolls paintings/thangka/, applique, wood carving, religious objects, clothes, furniture, decorative arts, collection of stuffed animal, special collection, support collection and architecture.. Also all exhibits is divided into: high level category, valuable category and original category. Nowadays we have 68 exhibits of high level category and 23 exhibits of valuable category. The number of these categories will be increasing. Exhibits of high level category includes gilded bronze sculptures made by the famous master Zanabazar and school of Zanabazar, thangka paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, the painting shown the capital city of Mongolia 1912 made by Jugder, original paintings made by founder of Mongolian modern painting B.Sharav and expensive clothes of khan and queen.Admission 5,000 ₮, amateur photography 50,000 ₮.

Venues

  • National Sports Stadium (Naadam Stadium) (2 km south of Sukhbaatar Square). Used for the archery and wrestling events at the annual Naadam festival, along with concerts and cultural events occasionally held there. On the same grounds is the country's main football stadium and the Mongolian Baseball Stadium.
  • State Circus of Mongolia (On Seoul Street, south of State Dept Store).Home to the world famous Mongolian contortionists, supplying most of the contortionists in the world. The circus also features animals, jugglers, and other entertainments.
  • State Opera and Ballet TheaterPinkish building on Sukhbaatar Square.Box Office 10:00-13:00, 14:00-17:00 W-Su. While at the square, check out the board in front to see if there is an upcoming performance. Most performances are at 5PM Saturday and Sunday. Local performances may not be great, but are very cheap, while Russian ballets and operas occasionally visit. Prices varies by performance, local productions can be very cheap.
  • National Academic Drama Theater (Red Georgian building just south of Post Office on Chinggis Ave). Mostly presents Mongolian plays in drama, musicals, or children performances. Tickets sold at the "KACC" office in front.Price vary, generally cheap for Mongolian language performances.

Other Places

  • Sükhbaatar Square (sometimes referred to as Chinggis Khan Square). The big open space in the center of the city with an equestrian statue of the 1921 hero Sükhbaatar, and seated statue of Chinggis Khan and their 9 heroes (Urlugs) at the door of the Government House. Inside the Government House is a small museum with artifacts from the Mongol Empire and a reproduction of Genghis Khan's White Peace Banners of State (the Soviets had the originals destroyed in the 1930s).
  • Zaisan Memorial (directly south of Sukhbaatar Square, about 3.5 km.). A huge communist-era monument located on a hill near the city. It represents the Russian and Mongolian heroes who fought together during WWI and WWII. Nowadays it is a popular viewpoint where you can see over the whole city. There's also a huge buddhist statue at the bottom.
  • Statues and Public Art. Despite recent news about the removal of Lenin's statue in UB, there are still plenty of interesting statues and public art throughout the city. Beyond Sukhbaatar Square and its namesake statue and those of Chinggis and his generals, there are one of the former Communist presidents Choibalsan and Tsedenbal north of the government building, and leader of the 1990 democratic revolution, Zorig, southwest of the square. Many lesser known statues are scattered through the city. The statue of the Beatles in front of State Dept Store and the villain from the movie Predator in front of a small office building 100 m northeast of State Dept Store have some novelty value, while Stalin's bust is inside a Beer Garden south of Sukhbaatar. There are also some Soviet murals on the side of apartment buildings north of the Bogd Khan Winter Palace.
  • National Amusement Park (Children's Park) (500 m south of Sukhbaatar Square). 11:00-19:00 year round. Open since 1969, the park today features a steel roller-coaster, Ferris wheel, castle surround by an artificial lake, and bowling.1,000 ₮ to enter, extra for each ride.

City Tours

  • UB City Guide. Provides a full-range of one-day tours in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Having lived overseas, the guides are fluent in both Mongolian and English can also relate the differences and similarities in culture, demographics, consumer behavior, political climate, and climate change impact in Mongolia.

Museums & Galleries


Museums

  • National Museum of MongoliaTo the left of the Government House. 08:00-22:00, tickets on sale 08:30-20:30, closed on Sunday and Monday. This is the main museum in the capital and holds the most important artifacts of the Mongolians' rich history dating back several thousand years. These include ethnographic displays of different tribes of Mongolia, petroglyphs and cave drawings, Turkic monuments, weapons, armor, and various displays from the Hun and Mongol Empires, the Chinese rule, Communist era, and the democratic revolution in 1990. There is even displays of self-portraits and personal possession of Genghis Khan and other great khans of the Mongol Empire. Most displays are in English and Mongolian. This should be a first stop on any visit to the city. Admission 5,000 ₮, photos 5,000 ₮.
  • Natural History MuseumUlaanbaatar. Behind of the Government house.10AM-5:30PM, last admission 4:30PM. Closed for reconstruction until 2015 . When the first national museum was established in Mongolia in 1924, the base of natural historical museum was found by consisting the principal sections of the exhibitions with the choicest exhibitions of Mongolian Nature. When the national central museum was located in present location in 1956, it has been enriching its exhibitions and expanded as a big natural department, which has various kinds of geographical, flora, fauna and paleontological exhibits. The government Resolution, which to classify the museums in different fields like as the developed countries, was passed and the national central museum was abolished in 1991. Since 1992, a new museum was established in the place of national central museum with the purpose of being the leader natural central museum for the further development, getting foreigners enjoyed in international level, showing the geological history such as locations of planets and earth establishment and formations and show the biology characteristics of earth central zone and named as Museum of Natural History. Natural history involves historical process of 4.7 milliard years of that is very long term from the origin of the world until the origin of plant, animal and human. Thus our museum shows the briefness of these events by exhibitions and contributes knowledge to peoples mind. The museum consists of: Mongolian geography, ancient volcanoes, stones from the volcanoes, Earth origin, planet studying meteorites, Geological history, useful resources, minerals, Ancient and contemporary botany, Land fauna /mammals, birds, fishes, insects, reptiles, amphibious, Very ancient plant and animals, paleontology, Human originAdmission 5,000 ₮.
  • International intellectual museumUlaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh district,in front of East Center, Mongolia.. From Monday-Saturday 10AM-18.00pm. The museum’s collection includes many Mongolian puzzle toys and world famous, rare and precious exhibits. The museum is a manufacturer of Mongolian puzzle toys, logic games, hand crafted products and souvenirs and it exports most of its products abroad. The museum has exhibited over 80 international exhibitions and fairs in 50 countries. Adult 2,000 ₮, children 500 ₮.
  • Museum of Victims of Political Persecution (South of Sukhbaatar Square from SW corner 100 m). M-F 09:00-17:00. The museum is dedicated to the memory of the estimated 30,000 people that died during the religious purges ordered by the communist leader Choibalsan in the 1930s. There are plenty of sombre exhibits of those that died and the destruction of monasteries and religion. Very little is in English, so it may be hard to understand the meanings. 5,000 ₮.
  • The Central Museum of Mongolian DinosaurFreedom SQ, next to Tengis Cinema (Directly behind State Department Store). The new home to Tarbosaurus bataar, a close cousin of the larger Tyrannosaurus Rex, and a couple dozen other complete dinosaur fossils. The complete fossil was stolen from Mongolia by an American archeologist, Eric Prokopi, and auctioned off in New York for $1 million. News of the auction quickly set off an international criminal case that resulted in the arrest of Prokopi, and the return of dozens of dinosaur fossils to Mongolia by the US government. Mongolia then decided to convert the old Lenin Museum into a place to display its greatly expanded collection of dinosaur fossils, all of which were found in the Gobi Desert. The museum opened its door in July 2014. 2,000 ₮.

Art Museums

  • The Zanabazar Museum of Fine ArtsUlaanbaatar, Chingeltrei district, Barilgachdin Square (Two blocks west of the Government House). 10-6. The collection includes items from the Stone Age to 20th C. Particularly interesting is the collection of Buddhist art beginning in the 17th Century. 5,000 ₮.
  • Mongolia National Modern Art Museum. 09:00-18:00. A surprisingly good modern art museum that displays the vibrancy of the local art scene. There are temporary exhibits throughout the year, plus permanent collection. Free.

Things to do

  • Attend Naadam - the largest and most famous festival in Mongolia, which consists of competitions in the three traditional Mongolian sports of wrestling, horse racing and archery. The festival is an annual event and runs from July 11th to 13th.
  • Take a walk to Zaizan Memorial.
  • Get an inexpensive massage at one of the many massage spas located on Peace Avenue
  • International intellectual museumUlaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh district,in front of East Center, Mongolia.. 10AM-18.00pm .. The museum’s collection includes many Mongolian puzzle toys and world famous, rare and precious exhibits. The museum is a manufacturer of Mongolian puzzle toys, logic games, hand crafted products and souvenirs and it exports most of its products abroad. The museum has exhibited over 80 international exhibitions and fairs in 50 countries. Adult 2,000 ₮.
  • Hike to the top of the mountains south of UBSouth of Zaisan Memorial(South of Zaisan Memorial, Take the #7 or #33 bus from the Bayangol Hotel). The Mountain ridge south of UB, Take the #7, #33 or #43 bus from in front of the Bayangol Hotel going south. Go to the end of the line. The road continues south about 100 m to the west of the bus stop. You will come to a check point where you will have to pay the fee. Shortly after, take the left branch of the road to a ger camp. There is a small stream flowing North, the path starts from the left (east) side of the stream. At the top, branch to the west and you will come to a high point maybe 500 m through the woods. This will take about 2 to 3 hours of easy walking. From where you branch west, you can go straight and slightly east and follow the path to Bogd Uul Mountain, The path here is marked with orange paint marks on the trees. This trip is quite long with another down and up section, about 10 km each way. US$3.
  • Look around Narantuul Zakh(AKA Black Market); it is an interesting place and you can get great deals. They sell pets, souvenirs, cloth, shoes, socks, meat, fruits etc. Some people claim it is dangerous but outside of a few pick pockets (like in all large markets) it seemed quite safe.
  • Sky Resort (13 km from downtown UB, Go south to Zaisan, East along river, past the President's Residence),  976-11 320345. 8AM - 11PM. Downhill Skiing, Snowboarding, lifts, equipment rental, Ski/Snowboard school, restaurant. Free bus leaves from the Drama center (next to the Grand Khan Irish Pub) weekends 8,8:30,10,11,12,14,17:30,18,19:30; weekdays 8:30,12,17,18,19. Check schedule to verify bus times. under $20.
  • Do a homestay in a ger outside UB. If you are in a hurry or don't want to do longer trekking trips, it is possible to do overnight stays in gers in UB's countryside. Travel agencies offer authentic ger stays with local herder families. Usually it is possible to participate in their daily life, e.g. milking cows or chopping wood. Horseback riding might be offered as well. There are a few travel agencies shoe are able to establish contact with families, including Stone Horse Mongolia and Ger to Ger. Homestay US$35, Transport US$80–90 return.
  • Tumen Ekh1st Khoroo, Sukhbaatar district (Walking distance from train station). 6pm from May to November. A traditional dance ensemble that performs dances, music and religious ceremonies for a crowd of mostly foreign tourists. The performance lasts about 1 hour and the artists are very skilled, not the usual tourist trap but performers that take their work serious and have been on tour in the US, UK and other countries. 12,000 ₮.

Festivals and events

Mongolian National Festival - NAADAM
Held annually between July 11-13, the great Naadam festival is thrilling three-day sporting event that has been happening for centuries since Chingis Khaan time. Now it formally commemorates the 1921 revolution when Mongolia declared itself a free country. The festival highlights Mongolia’s “three manly sports”- horseracing, wrestling and archery. Naadam festival brings together country’s sporting men and women from the remotest regions to compete at the national level in capital city. It is also celebration of common people- herders who ride into town and urbanities who leave their flats and offices to watch the games- gathering where they have opportunity to participate in the events, to barter, mix, sing and enjoy life to the full.

Nightlife

Nightlife in Ulaanbaatar is surprisingly wild, but is best not experienced alone — try to get a local to join you. Most of the night clubs play trance, techno, electronic and house music, few clubs play hip hop music. The small clubs in the 3rd district and the Sansar micro district are best avoided. Be sure to apologize if you hit someone or step on their feet accidentally, because some Mongolians can be offended by it.

Beer in clubs costs about 3,500 ₮, other drinks such as vodka depend on measurements, for example a 100g Vodka costs about 4,500 ₮. The club life is very active on Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. On Fridays it is very hard to find a seat in a club. According to state law all clubs and pubs (bars) must stop serving alcohol after midnight, and close at 3AM, but some clubs keep serving until 4 o'clock in the morning. Never go alone in the dark, especially on Fridays. Also never walk by yourself when you are drunk, or you may be arrested and end up in the drunk tank,not a pleasant place to be.

  • Ikh Mongol (Next to the Circus). Choose between the main dining area, the fancy VIP upstairs, or secluded tables in the back. Most weekends have concerts from Mongolian acts. The restaurant brews several beers on tap, or get some of the more popular Mongolian brands. 3,500 ₮ a half-liter and up.
  • Ambrosia Restaurant (South of Post Office, across Chinggis Ave from KFC).A small nice restaurant that turns into a club at night. Has good drink specials and is popular with foreigners. 3,000 ₮ for a beer.
  • MetropolisThe club is located adjacent to the Sky Shopping center, behind Chinggis Hotel. It is the most popular night club with young affluent Mongolians. Plan to pay 5,000–10,000 ₮ cover to get it.
  • MassIn the 3rd/4th microdistrict. Expect a younger crowd here with the doors usually closing well past 3AM.
  • Strings. A somewhat notorious club frequented by foreigners. It is very popular with Korean and other east Asian businessmen.

You can also find some nice pubs in the capital.

  • Brauhaus (on Seoul St past the Circus). Goes for a German brewhouse look and succeeds. This bar is big but usually not noisy. It serves X Beer, a quite tasty local brew. Half-liters run around 2,500 ₮.
  • Dublin Irish Pub (between State Dept Store and Circus on Seoul St). Open until midnight. Closer to an actual Irish bar than most.
  • Grand Khaan Irish Pub (next to the National Drama Theater, south of the Post Office). 12:00-22:00. English speaking staff, comfortable sports bar environment 4,000 ₮ for a beer, 15,000 ₮ for a meal.
  • Le Bistrot Francais, University St. The only French restaurant in Ulaanbaatar. Enjoy a pastis and have a nice dinner.

Safety in Ulaanbaatar

Stay Safe

The center of Ulaanbaatar has become much safer and cleaner over recent years, though many problems are still very common. Security guards are in most big buildings, though they are mostly there to keep drunks and the homeless out.

The most common crime against foreigners is pickpocketing, while muggings, assaults, and taxi scams also occur.

Walking on the streets at any time is a hazardous affair as one needs to contend with ice from about October to March, open manholes and extremely chaotic and wild driving habits. Thankfully, the center is now well lit with new streetlights. Drivers (including buses and police) pay no attention to pedestrian crossings and will not reduce speed, but simply sound their horns. The automobile culture in this city is too new to have developed safe driving systems and habits. Even when you have a green walk signal, you should pay attention when crossing the street.

There are numerous individuals posing as "hotels" in UB. You may not find a front-desk even if there was one in the website pictures, and if anyone answers the phone after you arrive then you may discover they are renting out their apartments, which may or may not be empty. A common scam is to demand a deposit and then refuse to return it, and the scammers can get very aggressive when you offer to explain the situation to the apartment complex management or the police.

Child beggars are common and persistent on the streets, but watch out for groups of them, as one may be trying to pick your pocket. Also be aware that any money you do donate will often go straight to their teenage "pimps", and so you may not be helping them as much as you think.

Walking at night in company shouldn't be too great of a concern, it isn't for the locals. But stick to areas where you can see lots of locals (especially women) and major streets. Coming out of Bars late at night is a little dangerous if you are alone, try to have several males in your group. Also, it is best to avoid the ger districts at night due to drunks, stray dogs, and lots of dark alleys.

Mid. / 5.9

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Low / 2.7

Safety (Walking alone - night)

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