DUSHANBE

Introduction

Info Dushanbe

introduction

Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan.

Dushanbe means Monday in the Persian language.It was so named because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays. Until 1929, the city was known in Russian as Dyushambe (Russian: Дюшамбе), and from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad.

Dushanbe has a population of 778,500.

info
POPULATION : City: 778,500 /  Metro: 1 051 200
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE : Tajikistan Time (UTC+5)  Summer:  Tajikistan Time (UTC+5)
LANGUAGE : Tajik (official), Russian (widely spoken)
RELIGION : Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10%
AREA : 124.6 km2 (48.1 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 706 m (2,316 ft)
COORDINATES : 38°32′12″N 68°46′48″E
SEX RATIO : Male: 50.20%  
 Female: 49.80%
ETHNIC : Tajiks 83.4%, Uzbeks 9.1%, Russians 5.1%, Others 2.4%
AREA CODE : 372
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE : +992 372 
WEBSITE : Official Website

Tourism

Main sights

  • Tajikistan National Museum(Tajik Unified Museum)
  • Vahdat Palace
  • Dushanbe Flagpole—It is the second tallest free-standing flagpole in the world, at a height of 165 metres (541 feet)
  • Dushanbe Zoo
  • Gurminj Museum of Musical Instruments (Gurminj Museum)
  • Dushanbe Synagogue (destroyed in summer 2008)

History

Situated at the confluence of two rivers, Varzob and Kofarnihon, Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan. Although archaeological remnants dating to the 5th century BC have been discovered in the area, there is little to suggest that Dushanbe was more than a small village until the early 20th century.

The first written mention of the village Dushanbe found at the end of 1676. It was at the crossroads, where a large bazaar occurred on Mondays, hence the name Dushanbe-Bazar (Tajik: Душанбе Бозор, Dushanbe Bozor; ) from Dushanbe, which means Monday in the Persian language.

The first map showing Dyushambe was drafted in 1875. At that time, the town was a fortress on a steep bank on the left bank of the Varzob River with 10,000 residents.

In 1920, the last Emir of Bukhara briefly took refuge in Dyushambe after being overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution. He fled to Afghanistan after the Red Army conquered the area the next year. At the beginning of 1922, the town was taken by Basmachi troops led Enver Pasha, but on 14 July 1922 again came under the power of the Bolsheviks and was proclaimed the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924.

A Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic separate from the Uzbek SSR was created in 1929, and its capital Dyumshambe was renamed Stalinabad for Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin on 16 October 1929. In the years that followed, the city developed at a rapid pace. The Soviets transformed the area into a centre for cotton and silk production, and tens of thousands of people relocated to the city. The population also increased with thousands of Tajiks migrating to Tajikistan following the transfer of Bukhara and Samarkand to the Uzbek SSR as part of national delimitation in Central Asia.

On 10 November 1961, Stalinabad was renamed Dushanbe, the name it retains to this day.

Severe rioting occurred in February 1990, after it was rumored that the Soviet government planned to relocate tens of thousands of Armenian refugees to Tajikistan. The Dushanbe riots were primarily fueled by concerns about housing shortages for the Tajik population, but they coincided with a wave of nationalist unrest that swept Transcaucasia and other Central Asian states during the twilight of Gorbachev's era.

Climate

Dushanbe features a Mediterranean climate with some continental climate influences.

The summers are hot and dry and the winters are chilly, but not very cold.

The climate is damper than other Central Asian capitals, with an average annual rainfall over 500 millimetres (20 in) as moist air is funnelled by the surrounding valley during the winter and spring.

Winters are not as cold as further north owing to the shielding of the city by mountains from extremely cold air from Siberia.

Climate data for Dushanbe

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)21.6
(70.9)
23.1
(73.6)
30.6
(87.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.8
(101.8)
43.0
(109.4)
43.3
(109.9)
45.0
(113)
40.6
(105.1)
36.8
(98.2)
31.7
(89.1)
24.3
(75.7)
45.0
(113)
Average high °C (°F)7.9
(46.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.2
(59.4)
22.1
(71.8)
27.0
(80.6)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
34.3
(93.7)
30.7
(87.3)
24.2
(75.6)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
22.4
(72.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
3.8
(38.8)
9.2
(48.6)
15.4
(59.7)
20.0
(68)
25.3
(77.5)
27.1
(80.8)
24.9
(76.8)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48)
4.8
(40.6)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F)−2.0
(28.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.2
(39.6)
9.3
(48.7)
13.0
(55.4)
16.5
(61.7)
17.9
(64.2)
15.9
(60.6)
11.1
(52)
6.7
(44.1)
3.5
(38.3)
0.8
(33.4)
8.2
(46.8)
Record low °C (°F)−26.6
(−15.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
−7.8
(18)
1.2
(34.2)
8.4
(47.1)
10.9
(51.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
−13.5
(7.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−26.6
(−15.9)
              
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Source #2: NOAA

Subdivisions

Dushanbe is divided into the following districts:

Avicenna (Tajik: Абӯалӣ Ибни Сино)
Ferdowsi (Tajik: Фирдавсӣ)
Ismail Samani (Tajik: Исмоили Сомонӣ)
Shah Mansur (Tajik: Шоҳмансур)

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