TASHKENT

Uzbekistan

Tashkent ( Russian: Ташкент , literally "Stone City") is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan.It is an ancient city on the Great Silk Road from China to Europe. Little remains of the ancient city after the 1966 earthquake and earlier modernisation work following the 1917 revolution. Tashkent remains a Soviet-era city that has little remaining from its ancient Central Asian past.

Info Tashkent

introduction

Tashkent ( Russian: Ташкент , literally "Stone City")  is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan.

It is an ancient city on the Great Silk Road from China to Europe. Little remains of the ancient city after the 1966 earthquake and earlier modernisation work following the 1917 revolution. Tashkent remains a Soviet-era city that has little remaining from its ancient Central Asian past. The city has a mixture of modern new office buildings, hotels, parks, and crumbling Soviet-style apartment blocks. The streets are generally clean and there are not too many potholes in the city centre. Further out, the infrastructure is not so good.

Over the last few years the Uzbek government has embarked on a major reconstruction program in the centre of the city. Roads, government buildings and parks are all being reconstructed (many historical buildings and sites are bulldozed in process). To the visitor, the new city looks very impressive, although many of the local residents have yet to see any improvement in their residential areas.

Tashkent is waiting for a boom. The infrastructure, hotels, and shops are there but the influx of people and business has failed to materialise. This is caused in part by a combination of government policy and bad publicity.

Tashkent has a population of 2.3 million people (2012).

info
POPULATION : City: 2,309,600 
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE : (UTC+5)   
LANGUAGE : Uzbek , Russian
RELIGION : Muslim 72% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 25%, other 3%
AREA : 334.8 km2 (129.3 sq mi)
ELEVATION :
COORDINATES : 41°16′N 69°13′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 49.74%  
 Female: 50.26%
ETHNIC : Uzbeks 63%, Russians 20%, Tatars 4.5%, Koreans 2.2%, Tajiks 2.1%, Uighurs 1.2%, Other 7%
AREA CODE : 71
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE : +998 71
WEBSITE : Official Website

Tourism

Due to the destruction of most of the ancient city during the 1917 revolution and, later, to the 1966 earthquake, little remains of Tashkent's traditional architectural heritage. Tashkent is, however, rich in museums and Soviet-era monuments. They include:

Kukeldash Madrasah. Dating back to the reign of Abdullah Khan II (1557–1598) it is currently being restored by the provincial Religious Board of Mawarannahr Moslems. There is talk of making it into a museum, but it is currently being used as a madrassah.

Chorsu Bazaar, located near the Kukeldash Madrassa. This huge open air bazaar is the center of the old town of Tashkent. Everything imaginable is for sale.

Telyashayakh Mosque (Khast Imam Mosque). It Contains the Uthman Qur'an, considered to be the oldest extant Qur'an in the world. Dating from 655 and stained with the blood of murdered caliph, Uthman, it was brought by Timur to Samarkand, seized by the Russians as a war trophy and taken to Saint Petersburg. It was returned to Uzbekistan in 1924.

Yunus Khan Mausoleum. It is a group of three 15th-century mausoleums, restored in the 19th century. The biggest is the grave of Yunus Khan, grandfather of Mughal Empire founder Babur.

Palace of Prince Romanov. During the 19th century Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich, a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia was banished to Tashkent for some shady deals involving the Russian Crown Jewels. His palace still survives in the centre of the city. Once a museum, it has been appropriated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre, built by the same architect who designed Lenin's Tomb in Moscow, Aleksey Shchusev, with Japanese prisoner of war labor in World War II. It hosts Russian ballet and opera.

Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan. It contains a major collection of art from the pre-Russian period, including Sogdian murals, Buddhist statues and Zoroastrian art, along with a more modern collection of 19th and 20th century applied art, such as suzani embroidered hangings. Of more interest is the large collection of paintings "borrowed" from the Hermitage by Grand Duke Romanov to decorate his palace in exile in Tashkent, and never returned. Behind the museum is a small park, containing the neglected graves of the Bolsheviks who died in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and to Ossipov's treachery in 1919, along with first Uzbekistani President Yuldosh Akhunbabayev.


BAZAARS

Most local residents do their primary shopping in bazaars. Local produce, such as fruit, nuts, vegetables can be very good, especially when they are in season. In the late summer, local melons appear on the streets and in the bazaars and are tasty and very cheap.

Chorsu Bazaar (Eski Juva) (Heart of Old Town, next to Chorsu Sq.- Metro station Chorsu is right there). The biggest and the most exiting oriental market in Tashkent. Eski Juva Bazaar is the biggest and oldest bazaar in Central Asia, operating on the same spot for over 2,000 years. The stalls of the bazaar stand under seven huge domes covered with colored glazed tiles. In the biggest domed building you will find all kinds of spices and cooking herbs: saffron, brown tree bark, red and black pepper, thyme and cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, as well as raisins, and dried apricots, almonds and pistachios, walnuts and peanuts. The bazaar is famous for peanuts boiled in sugar or honey, covered with sesame seeds. Under the small domes are the workshops. Here craftsmen make and sell jewelry, painted cradles (beshik); gold embroidery; Uzbek chests with metal decorations; embroidered suzanes (thin tapestries), jiyak (lace for trimming the lower edges of women's trousers); quilted men's (chapan) and women's (yashmak) caftans; kurpacha quilts, and pichok knives in leather or brass sheaths, and national musical instruments. Potters offer lyagan dishes and kosa bowls with blue and turquoise painted patterns. You will also find carpets from Khiva, Samarkand, Bukhara, Afghanistan, and Turkey. 

Central Market (Oloy Bozori, known to most locals as the Alayskee Bazaar), Amir Timur St (Metro station Abdulla Qodirii five mins walk, near to Dedeman Hotel). Beautifully laid out displays of local produce, dried fruit, and nuts. Every Friday and Saturday there is a wholesale dried fruit bazaar. The least noisy and crowded bazaar in Tashkent. Only here can you can buy button and oyster mushrooms, Caspian sturgeon, and Far Eastern salmon. 

Farkhatsky Bazaar. Selling only melons, especially in Sep-Oct.

Hippodrome Bazaar, Chilanzar District (Two km SW of Metro station Olmazar, take a tram from there). Daily except M. Best for (leather) clothing, shoes. Very crowded. 

Parkentsky Bazaar. Best for beer, biscuits, cigarettes, coffee, cookies, cooking oil, soft drinks, liquor in large quantities. 

History

During its long history, Tashkent has had various changes in names and political and religious affiliations. Tashkent was settled by ancient people as an oasis on the Chirchik River, near the foothills of the West Tian Shan Mountains. In ancient times, this area contained Beitian, probably the summer "capital" of the Kangju confederacy.In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, the town and the province were known as Chach. The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi also refers to the city as Chach. Later the town came to be known as Chachkand/Chashkand, meaning "Chach City". The principality of Chach had a square citadel built here around the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, some 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Syr Darya River. By the 7th century AD, Chach had more than 30 towns and a network of over 50 canals, forming a trade center between the Sogdians and Turkic nomads.


Islamic history

The modern Turkic name of Tashkent (City of Stone) comes from Kara-Khanid rule in the 10th century ("Tash" in Turkic languages means stone). After the 16th century, the name evolved from Chachkand/Chashkand to Tashkand. The modern spelling of "Tashkent" reflects Russian orthography and 20th-century Soviet influence.


Mongol conquest and aftermath

The city was destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219 and lost much of its population as a result of the Mongols' destruction of the Khwarezmid Empire in 1220. Under the Timurid and subsequent Shaybanid dynasties the city's population and culture gradually revived as a prominent strategic center of scholarship, commerce and trade along the Silk Road.


Kokand khanate

In 1809, Tashkent was annexed to the Khanate of Kokand. At the time, Tashkent had a population of around 100,000 and was considered the richest city in Central Asia. It prospered greatly through trade with Russia, but chafed under Kokand’s high taxes. The Tashkent clergy also favored the clergy of Bukhara over that of Kokand. However, before the Emir of Bukhara could capitalize on this discontent, the Russian army arrived.


Tsarist period

In May, 1865, Mikhail Grigorevich Chernyayev (Cherniaev), acting against the direct orders of the tsar, and outnumbered at least 15-1, staged a daring night attack against a city with a wall 25 kilometres (16 mi) long with 11 gates and 30,000 defenders. While a small contingent staged a diversionary attack, the main force penetrated the walls, led by a Russian Orthodox priest armed only with a crucifix. Although defense was stiff, the Russians captured the city after two days of heavy fighting and the loss of only 25 dead as opposed to several thousand of the defenders (including Alimqul, the ruler of the Kokand Khanate).

Chernyayev, dubbed the "Lion of Tashkent" by city elders, staged a "hearts-and-minds" campaign to win the population over. He abolished taxes for a year, rode unarmed through the streets and bazaars meeting common people, and appointed himself "Military Governor of Tashkent", recommending to Tsar Alexander II that the city be made an independent khanate under Russian protection.


Effect of the Russian revolution

With the fall of the Russian Empire, the Russian Provisional Government removed all civil restrictions based on religion and nationality, contributing to local enthusiasm for the February Revolution. The Tashkent Soviet of Soldiers' and Workers' Deputies was soon set up, but primarily represented Russian residents, who made up about a fifth of the Tashkent population. Muslim leaders quickly set up the Tashkent Muslim Council (Tashkand Shura-yi-Islamiya) based in the old city. On 10 March 1917, there was a parade with Russian workers marching with red flags, Russian soldiers singing La Marseillaise and thousands of local Central Asians. Following various speeches, Governor-General Aleksey Kuropatkin closed the events with words "Long Live a great free Russia".

The First Turkestan Muslim Conference was held in Tashkent 16–20 April 1917. Like the Muslim Council, it was dominated by the Jadid, Muslim reformers. A more conservative faction emerged in Tashkent centered around the Ulema. This faction proved more successful during the local elections of July 1917. They formed an alliance with Russian conservatives, while the Soviet became more radical. The Soviet attempt to seize power in September 1917 proved unsuccessful.

In April 1918, Tashkent became the capital of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkestan ASSR). The new regime was threatened by White forces, basmachi; revolts from within, and purges ordered from Moscow. In 1930 Tashkent fell within the borders of the Uzbek SSR, and became the capital of the Uzbek SSR, displacing Samarkand.


Soviet period

The city began to industrialize in the 1920s and 1930s.

Violating the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. The government worked to relocate factories from western Russia and Ukraine to Tashkent to preserve the Soviet industrial capacity. This led to great increase in industry during World War II.The Russian population increased dramatically; evacuees from the war zones increased the total population of Tashkent to well over a million. Russians and Ukrainians eventually comprised more than half of the total residents of Tashkent.

During the postwar period, the Soviet Union established numerous scientific and engineering facilities in Tashkent.

On 26 April 1966, much of the old city was destroyed by a huge earthquake (7.5 on the Richter scale). More than 300,000 residents were left homeless. Some 78,000 poorly engineered homes were destroyed, mainly in the densely packed areas of the old city, where traditional adobe housing predominated. The Soviet republics, and some other countries such as Finland, sent "battalions of fraternal peoples" and urban planners to help rebuild devastated Tashkent. They created a model Soviet city of wide streets planted with shade trees, parks, immense plazas for parades, fountains, monuments, and acres of apartment blocks. About 100,000 new homes were built by 1970.

At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tashkent was the fourth-largest city in the USSR and a center of learning in the fields of science and engineering.

Climate

Tashkent features a Mediterranean climate with strong continental climate influences.

As a result, Tashkent experiences cold and often snowy winters not typically associated with most Mediterranean climates and long, hot and dry summers.

Winters are cold and often snowy, covering the months of December, January and February.Most precipitation occurs during these months which frequently falls as snow.

The city experiences two peaks of precipitation in the early winter and spring.

Summers are long in Tashkent, usually lasting from May to September. Tashkent can be extremely hot during the months of July and August. The city also sees very little precipitation during the summer, particularly from June through September.

 ClimateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 
Daily highs (°C)681422273336342921149
Nightly lows (°C)-3-2410141819171273-1
Precipitation (mm)55477264327425344553
             
Sunshine (hrs/day)9101113141515141311109
             

Tashkent has a typical continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The best seasons for travel to Tashkent are Apr-May and Sep-Oct.

Geography

Tashkent 41°18′N 69°16′E is situated in a well-watered plain to the west of the last Altai mountains on the road between Shymkent and Samarkand. Tashkent sits at the confluence of the Chirchik river and several of its tributaries and is built on deep alluvial deposits up to 15 metres (49 ft). The city is located in an active tectonic area suffering large numbers of tremors and some earthquakes. One earthquake in 1966 measured 7.5 on the Richter scale. The local time in Tashkent is UTC/GMT +5 hours.

Subdivisions

Tashkent is divided into the following districts:

1 Bektemir 
2 Chilanzar 
3 Yashnobod 
4 Mirobod 
5 Mirzo Ulugbek 
6 Sergeli 
7 Shaykhontohur 
8 Olmazar 
9 Uchtepa 
10 Yakkasaray 
11 Yunusabad

Internet, Comunication
  • Beeline Mobil Office1 Buxoro ko'chasi.
  • East Telekom OfficeChehov ko'chasi (From Metro station Oybek SW ten mins walk).
  • Central Post Office(Pochtamti), 7 Shahrisabz ko'chasi (Metro station Abdulla Qodirii), +998 71 233 47 49.

Prices in Tashkent

PRICES LIST - USD

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter$ 1.60
Tomatoes1 kg$ 1.30
Cheese0.5 kg$ 6.00
Apples1 kg$ 1.50
Oranges1 kg$ 3.30
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$ 1.15
Bottle of Wine1 bottle$ 5.00
Coca-Cola2 liters$ 2.00
Bread1 piece$ 0.60
Water1.5 l$ 0.40

PRICES LIST - USD

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2$ 24.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2$ 40.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2$ 70.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal$ 4.00
Water0.33 l$ 0.30
Cappuccino1 cup$ 2.20
Beer (Imported)0.33 l$ 2.40
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$ 1.00
Coca-Cola0.33 l$ 0.60
Coctail drink1 drink$ 6.00

PRICES LIST - USD

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets$ 10.00
Gym1 month$ 35.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut$ 5.50
Theatar2 tickets$ 15.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.$ 0.04
Pack of Marlboro1 pack$ 2.20

PRICES LIST - USD

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack
Tampons32 pieces$ 4.50
Deodorant50 ml.$ 4.70
Shampoo400 ml.$ 5.30
Toilet paper4 rolls$ 2.50
Toothpaste1 tube$ 2.80

PRICES LIST - USD

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1$ 90.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1$ 75.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1$ 115.00
Leather shoes1$ 125.00

PRICES LIST - USD

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter$ 0.76
TaxiStart$ 1.00
Taxi1 km$ 0.35
Local Transport1 ticket$ 0.25

Tourist (Backpacker)  

61 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

116 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

The Tashkent International Airport , Uzbek: Toshkent Xalqaro Aeroporti), Sergeli District (Located: just a few kilometres south from the city centre.),  +998 71 1402801, +998 71 1402802, +998 71 1402803, +998 71 1402804, e-mail: . - The airport has two terminals, domestic (Terminal 3) and international (Terminal 2) on opposite sides of the airfield. The only way to get from one to the other is by road, a 10-minute taxi ride. Flights: Aeroflot Moscow,Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Turkish Airlines Daily flights to Istanbul,Air Baltic, Czech Airlines, Iran Air, Korean Air Seoul, Uzbekistan Airways


Airport formalities

You pass though passport control and pick up your luggage before going through Customs. The queues for Customs are extremely long and people frequently try to push in. Before passing through customs, you will need to fill out 2 copies of the customs declaration. These forms are often handed out on the flight or can be found on the stands in the baggage claim area. The customs officers will keep one copy and stamp the other. You will need this form when you leave the country and may have problem in taking out money without it. Make sure to declare all money and valuables (cameras, PCs etc.). You may not be able to leave with more money or valuable items than you arrive with. The Uzbek government have strict rules on entering or leaving with money. Don't be intimidated when you see a crowd running to a passport control officer. They are just trying to get a better spot in a huge waiting line.

The departure area is on the upper floor. The access road has been closed, so you have to walk around the left side of the arrivals level and up some stairs or up the road. Allow plenty of time when leaving the country via Tashkent airport. Check-in, customs, and passport control can be very time consuming, especially if there are large numbers of passengers. Make sure and have the customs form you were given when you entered the country.


To/from Airport

A short and inexpensive (USD2–3) taxi journey is the easiest way to get to the centre. One should bear in mind, however, that upon exiting the international terminal, a large number of men will be crowded at the (sole) exit door offering "taxi" services. For the most part, these are not "official" taxis. "Taxi" drivers will attempt to charge whatever they believe the market will bear. For those without Russian or Uzbek language skills it is best to arrange to have someone meet you at the airport. Fair fares are usually only obtainable by those who understand the system and speak at least some Russian or Uzbek. It is better to walk 50m from the exit towards the taxi stand where many taxis are waiting on the road and negotiate. Generally prevailing fare is minimum USD2-3 for 5km (20 cents per each additional km). Always negotiate. Taxi drivers will rarely accept small bills (dollars, euros, or pounds), and cannot be counted upon to give change (in any currency).

Transportation - Get In

By Train

The Tashkent Railway Station (Severny Vokzal), Kichik Xalqa Yo'li(Metro station "Toshkent") is the central hub for trains in Uzbekistan with most domestic trains ending or starting here. The most attractive connections are to Samarkand with the super fast Afrosiob train and the Sharq which continues to Bukhara. For Khiva and Termez there are night trains with comfortable sleeping berths. Make sure that you buy ticket a few days in advance or arrive at least 1 hour before train departure, as the queue for ticket office is often long and chaotic with people jumping the queue. 

Tashkent is a key stopping point for rail services from Central Asia. It is possible to travel from or to Dushanbe in Tajikistan, Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan,Almaty in Kazakhstan, and Moscow. It is possible to travel to China throughAlmaty and to Iran. Ticket prices are cheap by Western standards, but will need to be paid for in cash, preferably in USD. There are many warnings about thefts of personal belongings on the trains.

  • Train 6 leaves Moscow on W, F, and M at 23:16, arriving at Tashkent on Sa, Tu, and Th at 21:00
  • Train 296 leaves Kharkov on Su at 11:52, arriving at Tashkent on W at 21:20
  • Train 486 leaves Chelyabinsk on Su at 23:50, arriving at Tashkent on W at 00:45.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

To travel by bus to Uzbekistan a traveller has to take a bus to the border post, then cross the border on foot, and then take another bus to the final destination. Buses do not regularly operate internationally. But some private operators run bus services to many CIS cities on announced dates. It is difficult to get information and sometimes dates can change without warning.

  • Tashkent Bus Station (Avtovokzal), Bunyodkor shoh kochasi and Gavhar kochasi corner (Metro station "Sobir Raximov"). Buses usually are very full and advance purchase of tickets is recommended. Tickets are sold to foreigners at Movarunahr Kochasi 51, daily from 08:00-17:00. Buses leave from here to Bokhara (11 hr, USD8), Samarkand (6 hr, USD5), and Urgench/Khiva (20 hr, USD12) (2009).

A marshrutka is a small bus or van which follows a fixed route and stops on demand to take on or drop off passengers. As of 2009, marshrutkas to:Andijan (6 hr, USD5), Bokhara (8 hr, USD6), to Ferghana (6 hr USD4), to Kokand (3 hr, USD3), Samarkand (4 hr, USD4), and Termez (10 hr USD8). Timetable

Transportation - Get In

By taxi

  • Stand for Shared taxis to Samarkand and south (Big highway junction close to Metro station Olmazar (Алмазар), right next to Tashkent Bus Station). Lines to: Samarkand (3h, USD8), Bokhara (7h, USD13), Termez (10h, USD15), Urgench or Khiva (14h, USD25).
  • Stand for Taxis to Fergana Valley (Kuyluk Bazar). Taxis to Fergana Valley leave from here and from the Northern Station. ToAndijan (5h, 8USD) also for Osh, Ferghana (4h, USD8), Kokand (3h, USD6).

Transportation - Get In

By car

There are road routes from surrounding countries but the borders may not be open and there have been security problems. The border from Afghanistan is sometimes closed or not open to Uzbek nationals. You have to walk at least 4km to cross the border on foot from the Uzbek checkpoint to the Afghan checkpoint.

The Cherniaevka crossing from Kazakhstan near Saryagash. Allow 1-2 hours to get through, especially from the Uzbek side. OK, but long, long lines. Take the left line at Uzbek customs. They want you to declare any cellphones as communications devices.

From Kyrgyzstan, the Dostlik post 30km from Andijan is open from 09:00-18:00. From Tajikistan Oiybek Post, 80km from Tashkent, is open for foreigners from 09:00-18:00. Tursanzade Post, 60km from DushanbeTajikistan, is open for foreigners and locals 180km from Termez. Chorzhu Post on the border of Turkmenistan, 30km from Bukhara, is also open to foreigners and locals.

Distances from Tashkent by road: Almaty in Kazakhstan 810km, Ashgabatin Turkmenistan 1,290km, Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan 570km, Kashgar in China880km, Andijan 392km, Bokhara 600km, Ferghana 325km, Karshi 430km,Khiva 1,045km, Kokand 236km, Nukus 1,115km, Samarkand 295km,Termez 705km, Urgench 1,020km


Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By metro

The city has a good public transport system which is cheap. The metro/underground system is typical of the old Soviet-style with large and impressive stations and is quite modern. Stations are richly themed. For example, Kosmonavtlar is a lavish monument to Uzbekistan's contribution to the Soviet space programme.

There are also modern buses and trams, many of which were renovated in 2008. Tickets (which on the metro are small blue coin size tokens) cost UZS1000 for any single journey. It is not permitted to take photographs in the metro stations. Police will usually be present on all platforms. Do not risk taking photos while the policeman is not watching because they have security cameras everywhere and policeman will approach you instantly and check your documents. In all cases do have documents while you are taking the metro (or anywhere in the city), for you can be checked any time.

Tashkent Metro has three lines:

  • Chilonzor (Red line) from Janubiy to Turkistan. 
  • Uzbekistan (Blue line) from Beruniy to Chkalov. 
  • Yunus-Obod (Green line) from Sabir Rakhimov to Buyuk Ipak Yuli. 

Transportation - Get Around

By Taxi

Taxis can be cheap after some negotiation; however some of the vehicles are very old. While there are official, authorized taxis (with the appropriate sign on the roof of the car), in reality almost any driver in Tashkent can double as a taxi driver. The local custom is to simply stand by the side of the road with your arm extended downward and slightly away from the body. A driver will pull over and then you will state your destination and negotiate the fare in advance. At least some Russian or Uzbek language skills are needed to accomplish this without difficulty. It is usually safe to use this procedure, although virtually every foreign embassy recommends against it. Directions are rarely given here using an address. Most often, a landmark is used, such as "near Hotel Russia". Moreover, many streets and hotels have been renamed in the past few years and often drivers will not recognize the current name of the street or hotel, still knowing them by their old names. Asking to be taken to the Grand Mir Hotel, for instance, will often result in a blank look. Tell the driver you want to go to the Gastinitsa Rossiya (Hotel Russia), however, and they will know exactly where you want to go. For those who speak neither Russian nor Uzbek, it is helpful to have someone draw a rudimentary map or write out directions in Russian. Few drivers will know English.

Do not expect Western-style taxi services. Taxi drivers will often smoke while you are in the car and asking them not to will most often result in nothing more than a look of disapproval. You may be paying, but you are in their car. There are many taxi services operating in the city with fixed rates and a person can order the taxi from their hotel room. There are some web sites offering complete lists of taxi services and taxi charges

Taxis within the city can be reserved by calling Taxi Express, Tel 1399999 or 16360272.

Car rental

Only one of the major international car hire companies operates in Tashkent. It is Naniko (local website here)

Hotels

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Hotels

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Shopping


Banks

  • Agrobank, Head OfficeStreet Mukimi, 43371 2770822, 371 1506765 (Helpline)fax: 150-53-95, e-mail:
  • Bank "Asaka", Nukus str., 67(Take Bus 2, 12, 80, 81, or Marshrutka 17, 62, 95, 136, 153 to stop Mirobad Bozori. - Metro station Toshkent 15 mins walk),  +998 371 1208111, +998 71 2005522fax: +998 71 1208691, e-mail: . - Branches: I. Akilov str., 40,, Tashkent city branch ( Yakkasaray district, A. Kahhara str., 73, Phone : (8-371) 120-83-00 tоshkе[email protected], Fax: 8-371 1208302), Autotransport Branch, (Yakkasaray district, Mukimiy str., Avenue 1, 9, Phone: 8-371 1203901, 1203902, avtоtranspо[email protected]); Shayhantaur branch (Shayhantaur district, Furqat str., 9, Phone : 8-371 140-39-04 shayhоntо[email protected], Fax : 8-371 140-39-04), Yunusabad branch (Yunusabad district, 2 kv., 8, Phone : 8-371 221-80-67 yunusоbо[email protected], Fax : 8-371 221-8067), Sergeli branch (Sergeli district, Masson str., 39, Phone : 8-371 257-87-55 [email protected], Fax: 8-371 257-44-10)
  • Mortgage Bank, Central Office (Ipoteka Bank), Independence Avenue (Prospekt Mustakillik, проспект Мустакиллик), 17 (Center. Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni and Metro station Yunus Rajabiy are right there), e-mail:. A Joint-Stock Commercial Bank.
  • Microcredit bank, Head office, 14, Lutfiy street+998 71 273-2811, +998 71 150-56-47 (Helpline)fax: +998 71 273-0590.
  • People's bank (Xalq Banki), 3, Amir Temur avenue (Амир Темур шоҳ кўчаси) Mirabad district+998 371 1201700fax: +998 71 120-1703, e-mail:. Business hours: M-F 9.00-13.00, and 14.00-18.00
  • NBU Republic of Uzbekistan (National Bank of Foreign Economic Activities of Uzbekistan), Amir Temur street, 101 (Metro: Bodomzor), +998 71 233-6070, +998 71 234-4771, +998 71 235-9060fax: +998 71235-90-20, e-mail:
  • Uzpromstroybank (Uzbek Industrial and Commercial Bank), Yunusabad district Shaxrisabzkaya str. (Юнусабадский район, ул. Шахрисабз), 3, e-mail:. M-F 09:00-13:00, 14:00-18:00.
  • Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan (CBU, Ўзбекистон Республикаси Марказий банки), Uzbekistan avenue (Ўзбекистон шоҳ кўчаси), 6. (Next to State Academic Grand Theatre named after Alisher Navoi), +998 71 2126010, +998 71 2525739, +998 71 2126299fax: +998 71 2333509, e-mail: . M-F 09.00-18.00

Most tourists change money at the black markets. Best place to do so in Tashkent is around Chorsu Bazaar.


Bazaars

Most local residents do their primary shopping in bazaars. Local produce, such as fruit, nuts, vegetables can be very good, especially when they are in season. In the late summer, local melons appear on the streets and in the bazaars and are tasty and very cheap.

  • Chorsu Bazaar (Eski Juva) (Heart of Old Town, next to Chorsu Sq.- Metro station Chorsu is right there). The biggest and the most exiting oriental market in Tashkent. Eski Juva Bazaar is the biggest and oldest bazaar in Central Asia, operating on the same spot for over 2,000 years. The stalls of the bazaar stand under seven huge domes covered with colored glazed tiles. In the biggest domed building you will find all kinds of spices and cooking herbs: saffron, brown tree bark, red and black pepper, thyme and cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, as well as raisins, and dried apricots, almonds and pistachios, walnuts and peanuts. The bazaar is famous for peanuts boiled in sugar or honey, covered with sesame seeds. Under the small domes are the workshops. Here craftsmen make and sell jewelry, painted cradles (beshik); gold embroidery; Uzbek chests with metal decorations; embroidered suzanes (thin tapestries), jiyak (lace for trimming the lower edges of women's trousers); quilted men's (chapan) and women's (yashmak) caftans; kurpacha quilts, and pichok knives in leather or brass sheaths, and national musical instruments. Potters offer lyagan dishes and kosa bowls with blue and turquoise painted patterns. You will also find carpets from Khiva, Samarkand, Bukhara, Afghanistan, and Turkey.
  • Central Market (Oloy Bozori, known to most locals as the Alayskee Bazaar), Amir Timur St (Metro station Abdulla Qodirii five mins walk, near to Dedeman Hotel). Beautifully laid out displays of local produce, dried fruit, and nuts. Every Friday and Saturday there is a wholesale dried fruit bazaar. The least noisy and crowded bazaar in Tashkent. Only here can you can buy button and oyster mushrooms, Caspian sturgeon, and Far Eastern salmon.
  • Farkhatsky Bazaar. Selling only melons, especially in Sep-Oct.
  • Hippodrome BazaarChilanzar District (Two km SW of Metro station Olmazar, take a tram from there). Daily except M. Best for (leather) clothing, shoes. Very crowded.
  • Parkentsky Bazaar. Best for beer, biscuits, cigarettes, coffee, cookies, cooking oil, soft drinks, liquor in large quantities.
  • Yunusabad Food Market (Юнусабадский продуктовый рынок), Ahmad Donish ko'chasi (From Metro station Habib Abdullayev north one km).

Broadway

Saligokh St, known locally as "Broadway", has some street artists, etc. The street is easy to find from the Amir Temur Monument, just head away from the Uzbekistan Hotel. The 'mirstore' just off of Saligokh St has a modern supermarket, coffee bar and hugely overpriced fashion stores. This area, known locally as "Demir," also has Mir Burger, which has burgers, pizza and local dishes at reasonable prices. There is also a Georgian restaurant ("Tblisi") and a Chinese restaurant. There is a heavy police (militsiya) presence here and foreigners are not often, but occasionally asked for their documents. It is advisable to keep a photocopy of your passport and visa with you, but leave the originals in the hotel safe.

Recently, modern designer fashion and shops selling luxury goods from famous international brands have started to appear in Tashkent. Catering for the wealthy, these can be found in the Broadway area, on Amir Temur Street and Pushkin Street.


Department Stores, Malls

  • Central Department Store (Tashkent Department Store (Former TSUM)), 17, Uzbekistan Ave. (O'zbekiston shoh ko'chasi) (Between Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni and Metro station Kosmonavtlar),  +998 712 256 3001, +998 71 233 6288. Could be find some souvenir.
  • Tashkent Shopping Center (Turkuaz Chorsu), Navoiy shoh ko'chasi(Metro station Chorsu).
  • Trade Center Tashkent Plaza107, Amir Temur Str (Next to International Business Center),  +998 71 2389408, e-mail:.
  • Shopping center Poytakht (Торговый центр Пойтахт), Buyuk Turon Str.(Mustakillik Metro Station). 
  • Universam YunusabadAmir Temur Str (Амир Темур шоҳ кўчаси) (Right opp. to Yunusabad Food Market). Department Store

Handicrafts

  • Abdulkasym Madrassah (Metro Xalqar Dostligi). Lacquer paintings with oriental motifs.
  • Rakhimov Ceramics StudioKukchka Dabaza 15+998 14 90435. By appointment.
  • Hamza Art Gallery, Caravan Cafe and Restaurant, 22, A. Kakhar Str. tel.: +998 712 2556296, e-mail: [email protected]
  • Souvenir Shops also can be find in some hotel as: Grand Mir, InterContinental, Dedeman Silk Road, Tashkent Palace, Uzbekistan Hotel

Supermarkets

  • Kontinent (Near the Grand Mir Hotel at Usmon Nosir, Shota Rustavelli). Good supermarket with a wide range of stuff.
  • Turkuaz Hypermart (Formerly GUM), Akhunbabaev Sq (W end of Navoi, across the street from Hotel Chorsu). 09:00-20:30. Good for Western clothing and travel accessories.

Coffe & Drink

As is common in other Central Asian countries, tea is drunk by most people, but without milk. Black coffee is also available everywhere. Some coffee shops and cafes offer good coffee, but the best of them is probably Amore Coffee at the MIR store just off of Broadway.

Alcoholic drinks are readily available. Outdoor bars are popular in good weather. Uzbek wine, vodka, and many different beers are available. The Russian beer "Baltika" is popular. Baltika 3 is good and similar to other international beers. Baltika 0 has no alcohol, Baltika 5 and 7 are also good, and Baltika 9 is very strong. A new local beer, Sarbast, has been launched and should be about half the price of imported beers. It is quite good and at 4.2% (red label), not too strong. Sarbast is also available with a blue label at 5.6%.

Sights & Landmarks


Old Town

The "Old Town" has retained much of its charm. Here you will find low adobe houses with shady courtyards, narrow winding streets and many ancient mosques and madrassas.

  • Abdulkasim Madrassa (Madrasah of Abdulkasim Sheikh, Медресе Абдулкасыма), Bunyodkor shoh ko'chasi (South part of the old city. A.Navoi National Park. - Metro station Milliy Bog few hundred meters away). This madrassa was erected in honour of the great thinker Abdulkhasim Khan at the beginning of the 19th century.
  • Kaldyrgach-bly Mausoleum (Мавзолей Калдыргач-Бея), Abdulla Qodiriy ko'chasi (Islamic University). This mausoleum is the most ancient monument in Tashkent. The dome in the form of a pyramid dates from the 15th century and is said to remind the mazars in the Kazakh steppes. The mausoleum contains the tomb of a famous Kazakh political, Tole-bly, who had the nickname Kaldyrgach ("swallow").
  • Khavendi Takhur Sheikh Mausoleum (Мавзолей Шейха Хавенди Тахура), Abdulla Qodiriy ko'chasi. The mausoleum was founded in the 14th century. The present buildings were erected on the old foundations in the 18th and 19th centuries. The mausoleum is constructed with light yellow bricks and has no decoration in the interior.
  • Mausoleum of Zainuddin-bobo Sheikh (Мавзолей Шейха Зайнутдина-Бобо), Mannon Uyg'ur ko'chasi, Kurgancha 7th Street (Former Orifon village beyond the Kukcha Gate (now within the Tashkent). - From Metro station Bunyodkor northwest about two km). This is the mausoleum of the son of the founder of a famous Sufi order. His father sent him to disseminate the ideas of this order. The mausoleum is of the khanaka type. The hall is covered with a double dome. Nearby is a chillyakhona (subterranean monastic cell) dating to the 12th-13th centuries.
  • Yunus Khan Mausoleum (Мавзолей Юнус-Хана), Abdulla Qodiriy ko'chasi(Islamic University. - From Metro station Alisher Navoiy or Metro station Paxtakor north cca one km till Ave. Abdulla Qodiriy further turn right). The mausoleum is one of the few monuments in Tashkent dating to the epoch of the Timurids. Yunus Khan (1415-1487) was a descendant of Gengiz Khan and grandfather of the Indian moghul Babur. The building was erected in the 15th century and restored several times. It has no decoration except 'panjara' on the main façade.
  • Ensemble Khazret Imam (Ансамбль Хазрат Имам), Qorasaroy ko'chasi(From Metro station Gafur Gulom to north one and half km). Tomb of one of the first Imams of Tashkent. Visitors may wish to visit the mosque in the Hast Imam area of the city. The library there contains the remaining fragments of the world's first Koran, written only 19 years after the death of Hazrat Muhammad. Parts of its: Imam Al Bukhari Islamic Institute, Barakhan Madrassa, Mosque Namazgokh (Мечеть Намазгох), Baroqhona Masjid (Hazrati Imom Majmuasi), Mosque Hazrati Imom (Мечеть Хазрати Имом)
    • Mausoleum of Abubakr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi (Kaffol Shoshiy Mausoleum, Мавзолей Абубекра Мухаммад Каффаль Шаши) (Next to Barrak-Khan Madrassa). It is the mausoleum of one of the first Imams who died c.976. The present mausoleum is rectangular in shape and is crowned by a conical dome. The frieze with inscriptions over the entrance and thepanjara (wooden lattices) in the window openings are especially remarkable.
    • Barrak-Khan Madrassa (Baroqxun madrasasi, Медресе Барак-хана), Qorasaroy ko'chasi (E of Chorsu Market, in the old city). The madrassa was completed in the 2nd half of the 16th century. Barak Khan died in 1556 and is buried in Samarkand.
    • Moyie Mubarek Library MuseumZarqaynar 114,  +998 26 00302.Daily,09:00-16:00. Preserving the world's oldest Quran from the 7th century.
    • Namazgokh Mosque (Мечеть Намазгох). Built in 1850's
    • Tellya Sheikh Mosque (Telyashayakh Mosque, Мечеть Тилла-Шейха), Zarqaynar Street (Зарқайнар кўчаси) (Part of). Built in 1856-57. With a beautiful Islamic library with ancient ceilings and ancient manuscripts and the Osman Koran. It is considered the oldest Koran in the world and is said to have been stained with the blood of Hazrat Osman in 655.
  • Kukeldash Madrassa (Медресе Кукельдаш), Nawai Prospect (On a hill overlooking Chorsu Bazaar, next to the Friday mosque. - Metro station Chorsu). This Quran school was built in the 16th century during the reign of Abdulla-Khan by the vizier, scientist and poet, Kulbobo Kukeldash. Kukeldash means "the Khan's foster brother'. Kukeldash Madrassa is one of the largest and best-preserved Quran schools in Central Asia. The madrassa has a traditional composition with a large inner yard with hujras (pupils' cells) and darshakona and mosque in the corners. UZS2,000.

Churches

  • Alexander Nevsky Cathedral(Holy Assumption Cathedral Church, Свято Успенский кафедральный собор), Avliyuata Str (ул. Садыка Азимова, 3-й тупик), 22, (North of Military Hospital. - From Metro station Toshkent west half km),  +998 71 2333321fax: +998 71 2367939, e-mail:. Tashkent Russian Orthodox Сenter area
  • Evangelical Lutheran Church(Евангелическо-лютеранская церковь), 37 Street Sadyk Azimov (Right nort of the British Embassy).
  • Sacred Heart Cathedral (Собор Святейшего Сердца Иисуса), Taraqqiyot ko'chasi. Roman Catholic Church

Mosques

  • Bodamzar or Mirzo-Yusuf MosqueBogyshamol kuchasy (Боғишамол кўчаси) 98 (East ten mins walk from Metro station Bodomzor). 
  • Dzhuma Mosque (Khoja Akhrar Mosque, Friday Mosque, Джума мечеть Ходжа Ахрар Вали), Samarqand Darvoza ko'chasi(Metro station Paxtakor). The first building of Dzhuma Mosque was built in 1451 at the expense of Sheikh Uboydullo Khodja Ahror (1404-1490).
  • Eshonguzar MosqueZarqaynar ko'chasi (Зарқайнар кўчаси) (Metro station Gafur Gulom 400 m). 
  • MinorKichik Xalqa Yo'li (From Metro station Bodomzor one km to southwest, east bank of Bozsu creek).
  • Architectural Complex Shayhantaur (Комплекс Шайхантаур), Syr-Darya Oblast. Built in 14th century

Others

  • Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Академия наук Узбекистана), Yahyo Gulyamov ko'chasi (From Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni half km SW),  +998 71 233 68 47
  • Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute (Астрономический институт имени Мирзо Улугбека), 33 Astronomicheskaya str. (East half km of Metro station Minor), +998 71 2358102fax: +998 71 2344867, e-mail:. There is a small museum on the foyer of Institute of Astronomy
  • Tashkent City Hall (Tashkent City Khokymiyat), 11, Amir Temur St (Амир Темур шоҳ кўчаси). (South of Amir Timur Monument), +998 71 233-90-69, 233-79-80fax: +998 71 233-65-88.
  • Mustakillik Square (Mustаqillik mаydоni, Independence Square, Площадь Независимости, Мустакиллик майдони), Mustakillik Square (Metro Mustakillik maydoni). The political centre of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Governmental buildings and the senate are here.
    • Brothers Tombs. A popular tourist attraction and on 9 May (Victory Day) thousands of people visit the place to pay homage to the victims of WWII. Statues of war heroes are on the south wall of the monument. A statue of famous Uzbek General Sobir Rokhim is also there.
    • Independence MonumentIndependence square (Amir Timur Monument & Park five mins by walk). Erected in 1991 as a symbol of the sovereignty of the country. It shows a golden globe and the outlines of Uzbekistan. Here is the Amir Timur Monument & Park
    • World War II MemorialSharof Rashidov Ave, (city centre , Mustaqillik Maydoni). Eternal flame and park has the names of all the fallen victims of WWII.
  • Monument of CourageSharof Rashidov St (300m from Independence Square, near to German Embassy). Built to acknowledge the courage of the people at the time of the Tashkent earthquake on 26 April 1966. The whole city was reduced to rubble and then modern Tashkent was built.
  • Tashkent TV Tower (Ташкентская телебашня), Amir Temur St, (Амир Темур шоҳ кўчаси) (Between Metro station Habib Abdullayev and Metro station Bodomzor). Viewing levels and restaurants with views of the city. The TV Tower, built in 1981, is the highest building in Central Asia. It is 375m high. It is the 10th highest building in the world and the 2nd highest buildings in GIS and has a revolving restaurant 110m above the ground. Make sure to bring your passport. Foreigners $15.
  • Receptions Hall of the Foreigh Affairs Ministry (Prince Romanov Palace) (Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni). 
  • National Assembly Building (Oliy Majlis Qonunchilik palatasi), 1 Bunyodkor shoh ko'chasi (Next to Abdulkasim Madrassa), +998 71 239 87 07, e-mail: . The building of the Parliament of Uzbekistan. A meeting place for the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of Republic of Uzbekistan
  • New Clock Tower (Chime), Istikbol St (Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni five mins walk). 
  • Old Clock Tower (Chime), Amir Temur Ave (South of Monument Park).
  • International Forums Palace (Xalqaro anjumanlar saroyi). 
  • Experimental nuclear reactor (Reactor Dosimbaev Abdulrahim) (Located: Institute of Nuclear Physics),  +998 712893134, e-mail: .By special permission. A project of the Academy of Sciences Republic of Uzbekistan.
  • Peoples' Friendship Palace.
  • Oqsaroy Presidental PalaceAfrosiyob ko'chasi (Next to State Puppet Theatre).
  • Old TV Tower (Старая телевышка) (Metro station Alisher Navoiy and Metro station Paxtakor are right there).
  • Yunusobod Aktepa (Юнусабадский Актеп), Otaboy ota Tursunov Str.(From Metro station Habib Abdullayev about two and half km east). An archaeological site of 5-13th centuries. There are found some remains of an ancient settlement with the strength and extensive artisan quarters. The 'Fortress' was here more like a castle-manor. Maybe here was the summer residence of the rulers of Chacha. Excavated here a remains of a Zoroastrian cult altar. The complex was surrounded by a moat.

Further afield

  • Architectural Complex Zengi-Ata(Комплекс Занги-Ата), Zangiota, M-34 Hwy (In the Zengi-Ata settlement SW five km out of Tashkent City limit). Burial place of sheikh Aj-Hodzha, nicknamed Zengi-Ata, which means "black", who lived from the end of 12th to the first half of 13th century. Parts of its: Zengi-Ata Madrassa (Медресе Занги-Ата) and Zengi-Ata Mosque (Мечеть Занги-Ата)
  • Maidanak Observatory (Майданакская высокогорная обсерватория) (First go to Suvlisay (cca. 500km SW) from there on four wheel cars or walk cca. twenty km SW). Located on the western top of mountain Maidanak (altitude 2650 m), located 35 km southward of the village Yakkabog, Kashkadarya province
  • Big Solar Furnace (Большая Солнечная Печь). A project of the Academy of Sciences Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Lake Charvak (Chor bogh) (NE cca hundred km). The reservoir was created by erecting Charvak Hydropower Station on the Chirchiq River, a short distance downstream from the confluence of Pskem and Chatkal rivers in the western Tian-Shan mountains. The reservoir popular resort place for locals.
  • Ugam Chatkal National Park (Chatkalskiy State Nature Reserve, Угам-Чаткальский Национальный Парк), Toshkent Province. Bustonlik tumani (NE about 140km take R-5 road). About 570 sq km of mountain steppes, mountain forests, alpine meadows, river valleys and floodplain forests.

Museums & Galleries


Museums

  • Amur Timur Museum(Temuriylar tarixi davlat muzeyi, Национальный Музей Истории Тимуридов), Amur Timur (ул. Амира Тимура) 1 (Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni and Metro station Yunus Rajabiy half km to east),  +998 13 36228, +998 71 232-0212fax: +998 71 232-0213, e-mail:. Tu-Su, 10:00-17:00, closed M. Rather kitschy murals depicting Timur. UZS3,000.
  • Museum of Applied ArtsRakatboshi 15 (Southwest ten min walk of Metro station Kosmonavtlar),  +998 712 2533943, +998 712 2564042. Daily, 09:00-18:00. In a house built by a Russian diplomat in the 19th century. With carved and painted plaster and carved wood, this museum gives an overview of old architectural details from Bukhara and Samarkand, ceramics and textiles, gift shop. UZS1,200.
  • Art Gallery of Uzbekistan (Галерея изобразительного искусства), Buyuk Turon 2 (Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni 100 m away). Tu-Sa 11:00-17:00; closed Su-M. Exhibitions of contemporary Uzbek artists in a modern museum building. UZS600 (2012).
  • Collection of Ancient Oriental Manuscripts (Фонд древних восточных рукописей). Part of Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhan Beruni. - Uzbek, Arabic, Persian, Tajik, Urdu, Pashtu, Azerbaijani, Turkish, Tatar, Turkmen, Uyghur Manuscripts listed by UNESCO as one of the richest manuscript repositories in the world.
  • Fine Arts Museum of Usbekistan (The State Museum Of Arts, Davlat Sanat muzey,), Shakhrisabz St and Amir Temur St corner (From Metro station Ming Orik toward NE five min walk),  +998 23 67436. M 10:00-14:00, W-Su 10:00-17:00, closed Tu. Decent collection of Russian and European art combined with regional specialties, such as Russian paintings depicting Uzbek people and their lifestyle, local antiquities, and decorations salvaged from ancient temples. Some parts of this museum may require an extra ticket Behind it is a park with a Monument of Poet Zulfiya (Памятник поэтессе Зульфие).UZS10,000; locals, UZS3,000 (2012).
  • History Museum (State museum of history of Uzbekistan, Museum of history and archeology, Музей истории Узбекистана), Sharaf Rashidova (Шароф Рашидов кўчаси), 3 (Between Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni and Metro station Kosmonavtlar),  +998 371 2391779, +998 371 2391083fax:+998 371 2394425, e-mail: . Tu-Su, 10:00-17:00, closed M. Artefacts from Zoroastrian and Buddhist times. Exhibits related to the conquest of the khanates of Central Asia by the Russians, and to the first president of the independent Uzbek Republic, Islam Karimov. UZS6,000; locals, UZS1,500 (2012).
  • Navoy Literary Museum (Alisher Navoiy nomidagi Davlat Adabiyot muzeyi, Государственный музей литературы имени Алишера Навои), Navoi 69 (Metro station Alisher Navoiy and Metro station Paxtakor are both very close), +998 24 41268fax: +998 71 242-0275, +998 71 244-0061, e-mail:. M-F, 10:00-17:00; Sa, 10:00-13:00; closed Su. Memories of the poet Alisher Navoi, calligraphy from Persia, miniatures from the 15th and 16th centuries. UZS3,000.
  • International Caravanserai of culture Ikuo Hirayama (Международный Караван-Сарай культуры Икуо Хираямы), Yusufa Khos Khodzhiba str. (Metro station Kosmonavtlar).
  • Museum of telecommunication of Uzbekistan, 5 Abay ko'chasi.
  • Navruz Art Palace (Дворец "Навруз”), Furkata str., 5 (Right north of Alisher Navoiy Park. - Ten mins walk from Metro station Bunyodkor or Metro station Milliy Bog), +998 71 245-77-37, +998 71 2457748.
  • House of Photography (Дом фотографии), Istikbol str. (Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni five mins walk), +998 71 233-5168, +998 71 233-5164. Small exhibition hall
  • Railway Museum, Central Cultural Palace of Railwaymen(Museum of Rail Transport, Temir yol texnikasy muzeyi Дворец культуры железнодорожников, ДКЖ, Дом Культуры Железнодорожников, Ташкентский музей железнодорожной техники), 6 Turkiston ko'chasi (улица Туркистон) (Metro station Toshkent), +998 71 299 7277, +998 71 299-7040, +998 71 259-6708. Daily: 9: 00-13: 00 14: 00-18: 00, Sanitary days: Monday, Tuesday (not working excursion train and car museum).
  • Museum of Olympic Glory4A Sharof Rashidov Shoh Ko'chasi (West half km of Metro station Abdulla Qodirii). A sport museum
  • Museum of Victims of Repressions (Музей репресированным в Сталинские времена), Yunusabad District, Amir Timur St. (площади Памяти и почести, Шахидлар майдони), (Close to TV tower),  +998 71 244-2940,+998 71 241-8556fax: +998 71 244-2940, +998 71 241-8556;, e-mail:. Memories of the Stalin era. Located in the Memorial Complex Shakhidlar hotirasi.

Art galleries

  • Art Caravan73, Buyuk Turon Str. (Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni), +998 71 235 5833, +998 71 235 6164, e-mail: .Selling hand-made goods.
  • Bona Fact (Галерея "Art and Fact”), Sadyka Azimova 3-y str.(Ул. С. Азимова), 20, tupik-3 (Near to Japan Embassy. - From Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni SE one km),  +998 71 2320360, e-mail:. M-F 10.00-18. Photo exhibitions and sales.
  • Caravan Art GalleryAbdullah Quahor 22 (Near Istiqlol Palace next to Alisher Navoi Monument), +998 23 2556296, +998 23 1527555, e-mail:. High quality handicrafts.
  • Granart Art gallery (Арт-Галерея "Granart” , Художественная галерея), 13a Khamid Alimdjan sq.(площадь Хамида Алимджана,), entrance 4, Capital Business Complex (Metro station Hamid Olimjon is right there), +998 71 1205560fax: +998 71 1205562, e-mail: .Opening hours Tu-Su 11:00 -19:00.. Exhibitions, Sale of artworks, Art studio, Cultural and educational activities, Art therapy, Collectors club, Developing interior design, Framing shop
  • Hamar centre - Art gallery40, Sharaf Rashidov Str,  +998 712 2565226fax: +998 71 2523530. Sells souvenirs.
  • Human HouseUsmon Nosir 30/9 (Near the Grand Mir Hotel),  +998 71-255-4411, e-mail: . M-Sa, 10:00-19:00. Features handmade crafts and clothing of all sorts, ranging from full outfits to purses to beautiful hand-painted tea sets and ceramics at very reasonable prices. It is non-profit and is meant to help provide income to the crafts persons, who are often from remote poor villages.
  • Orient House, Amir Temur Str., 51 (Metro station Minor right there), +998 71 235 5833, +998 71 2356164, +998 97 3404815, e-mail:. A souvenir shop
  • Renessans Culture gallery (Арт-Галерея "Ренессанс”), Furkata str.(Between Metro station Bunyodkor and Metro station Gafur Gulom), +998 71 2449263, +998 71 3930034, +998 71 3930028. Former Pioneer Palace

Things to do


Parks

  • Abdulla Kadiri Recreation Park(Abdulla Qodiriy nomli bog’i,), Zarqaynar ko'chasi (East of Metro station Chorsu). There is a Planetarium
  • Alisher Navoiy Park (Exit Milly Bog Station on the Chilonzor line of the Metro). This large park is popular on the weekends where many weddings are held. A fairground and man-made lake are also well frequented by locals.
  • Amir Timur Monument & Park (Монумент Амиру Темуру), Amir Timur Square (Площадь Амир Тимура) (In the centre). Amir Temur in armour sits on his horse, holding the reins with his left hand and greeting the people with his right hand. A bust of Karl Marx previously occupied the position during Soviet times.
  • Babur Recreation ParkBobur ko'chasi (SW). A nice park with some boating lake
  • Boghi Eram Recreation Park. Fun fair for the young and not so young.
  • Tashkent Botanical Garden (Ботанический сад, Botanika bog’i, Ботаника боғи), Боғишамол кўчаси (From Metro station Bodomzor (Бадамзар) toward east). The total area covers 66 hectares. The herbarium is a storehouse of unique collections. The Paleobotanical collection include some valued pieces of Middle Jurassic Period Tashkutan from Hissar county, and from Lower-Middle Albian stage, in the southwest part of the Kyzyl Kum region's Kulzhuktau mountains.
  • Japanese Garden (Behind the Intercontinental Hotel. Metro station Bodomzor five mins walk away). Popular during summers. Many couples go there for wedding photos.
  • Mirzo Ulugbek Recreation Park21 Hamidulla Oripov ko'chasi (From Metro station Hamid Olimjon ten mins walk to south). 
  • Tashkent Zoo (From Metro station Bodomzor (Бадамзар) toward east. - South of the Botanical Garden).
  • Aqua Park (Amir Temur Rd, near TV tower. Metro station Bodomzor). The water park has several pools, one with a wave machine, water chutes, and high slides. Well worth a few hours in hot weather. Take your own towel and pool footwear (the paths can get very hot). There is a restaurant and bars inside.Adult, UZS7,000; child, UZS4,000 for 3 hours.
  • Tashkentland (Near Aqua park, not far from Tashkent TV Tower. - Metro station Bodomzor right there.). An amusement park. It has few nice rides, nothing special if you have been in big park, but a nice place to spend a free afternoon with friends. It is also worth a visit to a simple park in Tashkent. Although they have fewer attractions and are less exciting, they give off a more authentic feeling. UZS7,000.

Stadiums

  • Pakhtakor Stadium (Стадион Пахтакор, Paxtakor Markaziy Stadioni) (Metro station Paxtakor and Metro station Alisher Navoiy are very close).This is a multi-purpose stadium
  • Bunyodkor Stadium (Bunyodkor Stadioni, Стадион Бунёдкор) (Metro station Mirzo Ulugbek is very close.).This is a multi-purpose stadium. Mostly for football matches
  • Jar SportcomplexLaylito'g'on ko'chasi (SW of Metro station Chorsu). 

Theaters

  • Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theater (Ballet and opera, Государственный Академический Большой Театр оперы и балета имени Алишера Навои), Ataturk Kochasi (ул. Ататюрка), 28 (From Metro station Mustaqilliq (Мустакиллик, Космонавтов) Maidoni walk. One block south from Russian Drama Theatre), +998 71 2339081, +998 71 2333344, +998 71 2321948. Ticket counter at the main entrance open on performance days from 10:00-19:00. Performances, M-F 18:00, Sa-Su, 17:00. The theatre was built in neoclassical style from the plans of Alexey Shchusev, the architect of Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow. The theater has special significance for Japanese nationals because it was built by Japanese prisoners of war during the WWII. A plate acknowledging their contributions is part of the building. 3-8$,
  • Istiklol PalaceBunyodkor shoh ko'chasi (Metro station Bunyodkor), +998 71 2459251. A concert hall
  • Ilkhom Theatre (Театр Марка Вайля Ильхом), Pakhator ( ул. Пахтакорская) 5 (Sodlik Hotel),  +998 71 2422241, +998 71 2440403. Ticket counter, 11:00-18:00. Performances, Tu-Sa 18:30. Progressive theatre. Performances in Russian, sometimes with English subtitles. UZS2,500-5,000.
  • Russian Drama Theatre (Академический русский драматический театрУзбекистана), Buxoro ko'chasi (ул. Зарафшон) (From Metro station Mustaqilliq Maidoni (Мустакиллик) walk to SE five mins),  +998 71 233-8165, +998 71 233-4210.
  • Musical Comedy Theatre (Ташкентский государственный театр музыкальной комедии (оперетты)), Chapanata ko'chasi (Чапаната ул. квартал «Ц») (NW of Metro station Mirzo Ulugbek (Мирзо-Улугбек)), 277-8592, +998 71 277-8529, +998 71 277-8354
  • National Academic Drama Theatre of Uzbekistan (Национальный академический театр драмы Узбекистана), 34 Navoiy shoh ko'chasi (ул. Навои), (South half km from Metro station Gafur Gulom (Гафура Гуляма)), +998 71 244-1751, +998 71 244-3375
  • Tashkent Circus (Ozbak Davlaat Sirki, Узбекгосцирк), 1 Zarqaynar ko'chasi (East of Metro station Chorsu),  +998 71 244 3509, e-mail:.
  • Turkiston PalaceAbdulla Qodiriy ko'chasi (East of The Park Turon). A concert hall. There is a nice fountain before its.
  • State Puppet Theatre (Республиканский театр кукол), Afrosiyob ko'chasi (пр. Космонавтов), 1 (West of Metro station Kosmonavtlar),  256-62-46, 256-73-98.
  • Theatre for Young Audience (Республиканский театр юного зрителя), Abdulla Qodiriy ko'chasi ( ул. А.Кадыри), 13,  2447597, 2447620.
  • Youth Theatre (Молодежный театр Узбекистана), 55 Navoiy shoh ko'chasi (ул. Навои) (Metro station Alisher Navoiy and Metro station Paxtakor are right there),  +998 71 244-1087, +998 71 244-0088, +998 71 244-1089.
  • Ulugh Beg PlanetariumZarqaynar ko'chasi (East of Metro station Chorsu). 

Nightlife

Nightclubs, as everywhere, offer expensive drinks and typically play a mix of Russian and Western music. Strip shows are common.

  • Chelsea Arms (Kakhara St). English pub. It looks like it has been transplanted from the East End of London. Free Wi-Fi.
  • Club Diplomat (S Navoy St 200m from Dedeman Hotel). Billiard tables. It can be very busy and getting in may be difficult if your face does not fit. UZS3,000 (free for ladies).
  • Diamond Club (Below Arkada Centre on the Broadway). New and modern nightclub with a sci-fi theme. Check out the "Predator" look-alikes.
  • Fashion Bar25 Kunaev St (At the junction with Shahrisabz St). Modern bar/cafe, showing Fashion TV on large screens with music until late at night.
  • New Irish Pub (Istikbol St).
  • Patrick Irish Pub45a Istikbol St (Istiqbol ko'chasi) (About one km South from Metro station Amir Temur Xiyoboni).
  • Rich (In the Dedeman Hotel). Nightclub.
  • Studio Cafe (S Azimova St). Modern cafe/bar with good food and drink.
  • Chalet+998 71 2338639, e-mail: . Great bar in the centre of the city. Beer from UZS7,000.
  • Bars in the park on Broadway. The park in the middle of town adjoining the shopping street has two bars in pavilions. These are great places for a drink on a sunny day, with basic meals available.

Things to know


Talk

Although Uzbek is now the official language, Russian is the native language for most Tashkent dwellers, although most also speak Uzbek. Most businesses use Russian in their signs, menus, and other printed material. Only government institutions use Uzbek as the first language, and even then, many government forms and reports are in Russian, rather than Uzbek. Currently, Uzbek uses the Latin alphabet rather than the Cyrillic that was used during the Soviet Union. This is a source of some confusion for many Uzbeks, especially those of the older generation. Shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union and Uzbekistan declared independence in 1991, the written Uzbek language was converted back into Latin characters. Many older Uzbeks have difficulty reading the Latin characters. Uzbek is a Turkic-based language, and while Uzbeks and Turks cannot completely communicate directly, the better educated on both sides can usually find some common understanding.

Many of the signs in Tashkent are in Cyrillic. A significant number of Russian words are similar to their English counterparts. Learning the Cyrillic alphabet, not as difficult as one might think, will help a traveller to read signs and in restaurants. It is very useful for the casual visitor to Tashkent to learn a few basic Russian or Uzbek words and phrases. If you need to speak English, young people are your best bet, and even then there is no guarantee that they will speak more than basic English.

The name Tashkent is usually attributed to the Turkish words "tash" ("stone") and the Persian word "kent" ("city"), meaning "city of stones". Another opinion refers to the Sogdian word "tschatsch", meaning "place on a hill".

Safety in Tashkent

Stay Safe

Tashkent is generally a very safe place to visit. However, visitors should refrain from political activities or doing anything that could be regarded as undermining the state.

As anywhere, remember to watch your personal belongings. There have been incidents of robbery, including some violent assaults but they are very rare. Travellers should use the same caution they would use in any large city, especially at night. It is not advisable for foreigners to walk around alone at night, especially in areas where few people are about and/or lighting is poor. Police sometimes levy small on-the-spot fines for minor offences such as appearing to be slightly intoxicated.

The emergency number is 103 for medical emergencies and  101 for fires, while the police emergency number is 102.

High / 7.2

Safety (Walking alone - day)

High / 6.2

Safety (Walking alone - night)

Uzbekistan - Travel guide

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