Majuro is the capital city and the largest city of Marshall Islands, and also a large coral atoll of 64 islands in the Pacific Ocean.
It forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. The atoll has a land area of 9.7 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi) and encloses a lagoon of 295 square kilometres (114 sq mi). As with other atolls in the Marshall Islands, Majuro consists of narrow land masses.
The main population center, named Delap-Uliga-Djarrit, DUD - three contiguous motus, had 20,301 people as of 2012. Majuro has a port, shopping district, hotels, and an international airport.
|POPULATION :||City: 30,000|
|TIME ZONE :||MHT (UTC+12)|
|LANGUAGE :||Marshallese (official), English (official)|
|RELIGION :||Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5%|
|AREA :||15.76 km2 (6.08 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||3 m (10 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||7°7′N 171°4′E|
|SEX RATIO :|
|ETHNIC :||Marshallese 92.1% , mixed Marshallese 5.9%. Others 2%|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :|
|DIALING CODE :||+692|
The Majuro atoll itself has few things to offer but is a good base for exploration of the surrounding islands.
The main tourist attraction is Laura Beach on the western tip of the main island about 40km away from town. As taxis to Laura Beach are quite expensive the added value of a rental car should not be neglected.
Eneko Island is a small atoll about 45 minutes away from Uliga by boat. Day trips and overnight stays at their small cottages need to be arranged through the Hotel Robert Reimers. Camping is also possible.
Scuba diving may be organized through Raycrew located in the first floor of Marshall Islands Resort. The staff are friendly and knowledgeable of local dive sites. Gear may also be rented here.
The small Formosa Supermarket has groceries and basic supplies but closes early. A bigger Payless supermarket is located in Uliga that is usually well stocked. K&K Island Pride Supermarket is located in Delap next to the Bank of Guam and has a large fresh produce section.
Several handicraft stores dot the main part of town. A visit to any of these will provide reasonably priced souvenirs. On many days you can also find women at these stores making these handicrafts.
Humans have inhabited the atoll for at least 2,000 years.
Majuro Atoll was claimed by the German Empire with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, and the Germans established a trading outpost. As with the rest of the Marshalls, Majuro was captured by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1914 during World War I and mandated to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations in 1920. The island then became a part of the Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo; although the Japanese had established a government in Nanyo, local affairs were mostly left in the hands of traditional local leaders until the start of World War II.
On January 30, 1944, United States troops invaded, but found that Japanese forces had evacuated their fortifications to Kwajalein and Enewetak about a year earlier. A single Japanese warrant officer had been left as a caretaker. With his capture, the islands were secured. This gave the U.S. Navy use of one of the largest anchorages in the Central Pacific. The lagoon became a large forward naval base of operations and was the largest and most active port in the world until the war moved westward when it was supplanted by Ulithi (Yap, Federated States of Micronesia).
Following World War II, Majuro came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. It supplanted Jaluit Atoll as the administrative center of the Marshall Islands, a status that it retains after the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986.
Being slightly north of the Equator, Majuro has a tropical climate with temperatures always above 21 °C (70 °F).
Climate data for Majuro
|Average high °F (°C)||85.5|
|Average low °F (°C)||77.8|
At the western end of the atoll, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) from D–U–D by road, is the island community of Laura, a growing residential area with a popular beach. Laura has the highest elevation point on the atoll, estimated at less than 3 metres (10 feet) above sea level.
Djarrit is mostly residential.
Majuro's economy is driven by the service sector.
On September 15, 2007, Witon Barry, of the Tobolar Copra processing plant in the Marshall Islands' capital of Majuro, said power authorities, private companies and entrepreneurs had been experimenting with coconut oil as an alternative to diesel fuel for vehicles, power generators and ships. Coconut trees abound in the Pacific's tropical islands. Copra from 6 to 10 coconuts makes 1 litre of oil.
Air Marshall Islands has its headquarters in Majuro.
Metered wireless Internet access in Majuro is widely available, although occasionally unreliable. People may purchase Internet time at the National Telecommunications Administration building or online by following the instructions given when trying to connect. Payless Supermarket also has a free wireless connection for customers in its dining area.