NUKUʻAlOFA

Introduction

NUKU'ALOFA WEATHER

Info Nukuʻalofa

introduction

Nukuʻalofa is the capital of the Kingdom of Tonga. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu, in the southernmost island group of Tonga.

info
POPULATION : City: 23,658 
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE : (UTC+13)  Summer: (UTC+13)
LANGUAGE : Tongan, English
RELIGION : Christian
AREA : 22 km2 (8 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 3 m (10 ft)
COORDINATES : 21°8′0″S 175°12′0″W
SEX RATIO : Male: 50.76%  
 Female: 49.24%
ETHNIC : Polynesian, Europeans
AREA CODE : 676
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE :
WEBSITE :

History

In the Tongan myth of the origin of Nukuʻalofa, it was said that the meaning of Nukuʻalofa is: nuku meaning abode, ʻalofa meaning love.

On 10 June 1777, British captain James Cook wrote of his arrival at their anchorage place. His description of the place confirmed, with his map, that this was the bay of Nukuʻalofa. Cook never used the name Nukualofa or any other spelling for the reports of this voyage, but he mentioned the island of Pangaimodoo (Pangaimotu) which was to the east of his anchorage position.

The first written record for Nuku'alofa is stated in the first dedicated book for Tonga by George Vason which was published in 1810. George Vason was an English missionary from the London Missionary Society, who arrived in Tonga in 1797.

The second oldest book dedicated to Tonga was by William Mariner, adopted son of Finau 'Ulukalala, which was published in 1817. Mariner described his experiences during the years he was the adopted son of 'Ulukalala (1806–1810). He described the civil war and the siege of the Fort of Nuku'alofa, which fell to 'Ulukalala and his warriors.

The arrival of the Methodist missionaries in Nuku'alofa in 1827 reinforced the Christian faith. The persecution suffered by Christians in Hihifo and Hahake forced a lot of people to seek refugees in Nuku'alofa. Thanks to the encouragement of Tupou, the King of Nuku'alofa, this was the beginning of the expanding of Nuku'alofa to become the major center of Christianity in Tonga.

The Declaration of the Constitution of Tonga in 1875 formalised Nuku'alofa as the Capital of Tonga. King George Taufa'ahau Tupou I issued the Constitution of Tonga on 4 November 1875, in Nuku'alofa. The Constitution also stated (Article 38) that the Parliament will meet in Nuku'alofa except in time of war.

Climate

Tropical marine climate.

Climate data 
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average high °C (°F)29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
29.6
(85.3)
28.5
(83.3)
26.8
(80.2)
25.8
(78.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
26.4
(79.5)
27.6
(81.7)
28.7
(83.7)
27.3
(81.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
25.3
(77.5)
23.6
(74.5)
22.7
(72.9)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
23.1
(73.6)
24.4
(75.9)
25.6
(78.1)
24.1
(75.4)
Average low °C (°F)23.4
(74.1)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.3
(68.5)
19.5
(67.1)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
19.7
(67.5)
21.1
(70)
22.5
(72.5)
20.9
(69.6)
Record low °C (°F)16
(61)
17
(63)
15
(59)
15
(59)
13
(55)
11
(52)
10
(50)
11
(52)
11
(52)
12
(54)
13
(55)
16
(61)
10
(50)
              
Source: Weatherbase

Economy

Nukuʻalofa is the economic hub of the country.

Peau Vavaʻu, an airline, had its head office in the Pacific Royale Hotel in Nukuʻalofa. The former Royal Tongan Airlines had its head office in the Royco Building in Nukuʻalofa.

The city has markets and a central business district. Much of the central business district was destroyed during the 2006 Nuku‘alofa riots, but it is being rebuilt.

Internet, Comunication

There are several internet cafes in town. The Friend's Cafe is most expensive at about T$8 an hour and some places charge as low as T$2 an hour. Avoid inserting camera cards into the slots due to the risk of viruses. Use Skype to call overseas because it's about T$1 per minute if you buy a phone card.

Tonga - Travel guide

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