PORT VILA

Introduction

PORT VILA WEATHER

Info Port Vila

introduction

Port Vila is the capital and largest city of Vanuatu and is located on the island of Efate.

Situated on the south coast of the island of Efate, in Shefa Province, Port Vila is the economic and commercial centre of Vanuatu.

On March 13, 2015, Port Vila bore extensive damage from Cyclone Pam.

info
POPULATION : City: 44,040 
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE : VUT (UTC+11)  
LANGUAGE : Bislama, English and French
RELIGION : Christian 90%, Other 10%
AREA :
ELEVATION :
COORDINATES : 17°45′S 168°18′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 
 Female: 
ETHNIC : Melanesian
AREA CODE :
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE :
WEBSITE :

Tourism

The capital of Vanuatu has various sights to offer. There are several memorials, e.g. opposite the Parliament where two traditional totem poles and a monument representing a pig's tusk can be seen. The Presbyterian Church of Port Vila is an impressive and sightworthy building opposite the Independence Park. A colourful wall painting can be seen on the administration building opposite the market hall. Another noteworthy wall painting is on the façade of the post office. The City Hall of Port Vila is an oblong and sightworthy building on a hill in the city centre.

Duty free alcohol and cigarettes are cheap in Port Vila. Buy your duty free before going to the airport as the airport duty free prices are slightly higher and the range not as great. Port Vila is a duty free zone for tourists.

History

The area occupied by Port Vila has been inhabited by Melanesian people for thousands of years. In Autumn of 2004, an archaeological expedition known as Teouma discovered a burial site of 25 tombs containing three dozen skeletons of members of the Lapita culture. Pieces of ceramics found at the site were dated to the 13th century BC.

In May of 1606, the first Europeans arrived at the island, led by the Portuguese explorers Pedro Fernandes de Queirós and Luis Vaz de Torres. In the 19th century when the islands were known as the New Hebrides, the British possessed economic control of the zone, though by the end of 1880, the economic balance began to favour the French; this transition can be seen in its nickel mines of New Caledonia and plantations. French citizen Ferdinand Chevillard began buying and clearing land around Port Vila to be converted into the largest French plantation on the island. Instead, it was converted into the municipality of Franceville, which declared independence on August 9, 1889, though this only lasted until June of the following year.

In the 19th century when the islands were known as the New Hebrides, the British possessed economic control of the zone, though by the end of 1880, the economic balance began to favour the French; this transition can be seen in its nickel mines of New Caledonia and plantations. French citizen Ferdinand Chevillard began buying and clearing land around Port Vila to be converted into the largest French plantation on the island. Instead, it was converted into the municipality of Franceville, which declared independence on August 9, 1889, though this only lasted until June of the following year.

After 1887, the territory was jointly administered by the French and the British. This was formalized in 1906 as an Anglo-French Condominium. During World War II, Port Vila was an American and Australian airbase.

In 1987, Cyclone Uma severely damaged the city. A powerful earthquake in January 2002 caused minor damage in the capital and surrounding areas. The city suffered massive damage from a category 5 cyclone named Cyclone Pam in March 2015, whose eye wall passed just to the east of Port Vila.

Climate

Port Vila has a tropical climate, more specifically a tropical rainforest climate, with noticeably wetter and drier months.

Rainfall averages about 2,360 millimetres (94 in.) per year, and the wettest month is April. The driest month is September. There are 113 wet days in an average year.

The area also has south-east trade winds. Temperatures do not vary very much at all throughout the year, and the record high is 34 C (93.2 F).

The coldest month, August, has an average high of 24 C (75.2 F), and an average low of 18 C (64.4 F).

The hottest month, February, has an average high of 29 C (84.2 F) and an average low of 23 C (73.4 F).

Climate data for Port Vila, Vanuatu

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32
(90)
32
(90)
34
(93)
31
(88)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F)28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
26
(79)
27
(81)
28
(82)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F)23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
20.8
(69.4)
Record low °C (°F)19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
16
(61)
15
(59)
14
(57)
14
(57)
12
(54)
13
(55)
13
(55)
16
(61)
17
(63)
12
(54)
Source: BBC Weather

Economy

Port Vila is Vanuatu's most important harbour and the center of the country's trade. The international airport, Bauerfield International (VLI) is also located in the city. Air Vanuatu has its head office in Vanuatu House in Port Vila.

Major industries in the city remain agriculture and fishing. Tourism is also becoming important, especially from Australia and New Zealand.

Vanuatu is a tax haven, and offshore financing in Port Vila is an important part of the economy.

Vanuatu is still dependent on foreign aid, most of which comes from Australia and New Zealand, although in recent years aid has also come from the People's Republic of China. One example was New Zealand paying to train doctors selected from the local community, then paying part of their wages during the first year after qualification. Australia has paid consultants to work in Port Vila Central Hospital.

35.7% of exports leave from Port Vila and 86.9% of imports arrive in Port Vila.

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