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Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.
Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also frequent the city to tour the city's historic center and the scenic Alpine surroundings.
Salzburg was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In the mid‑20th century, the city was the setting for the musical play and film The Sound of Music.
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|LANGUAGE :||German (official nationwide)|
|RELIGION :||Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12%|
|AREA :||65.678 km2 (25.358 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||424 m (1,391 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||47°48′0″N 13°02′0″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48,82%|
• Female: 51,18%
|AREA CODE :||662|
|POSTAL CODE :||5020|
|DIALING CODE :||+43-662|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Salzburg is a tourist favorite, with the number of tourists outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times. In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include:
- Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg, declared a World Heritage Site in 1996
- Baroque architecture, including many churches
- Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom)
- Hohensalzburg Castle (Festung Hohensalzburg), overlooking the Old Town, is one of the largest castles in Europe
- Franciscan Church(Franziskanerkirche)
- St Peter's Abbey with thePetersfriedhof
- Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery
- Salzburg Residenz, the magnificent former residence of the Prince-Archbishops
- Residenzgalerie, an art museum in the Salzburg Residenz
- Mozart's Birthplace
- Mozart's Residence
- University Church
- Siegmundstor (or Neutor)
- Sphaera, a sculpture of a man on a golden sphere (Stephan Balkenhol, 2007)
Outside the Old Town
- Mirabell Palace, with its wide gardens full of flowers
- St. Sebastian's cemetery (Sebastiansfriedhof)
- Schloss Leopoldskron, a rococo palace and national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of Salzburg
- Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
- The Sound of Music tour companies who operate tours of film locations
- Hangar-7, a multifunctional building owned by Red Bull, with a collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars
Greater Salzburg area
- Anif Castle, located south of the city in Anif
- Shrine of Our Lady of Maria Plain, a late Baroque church on the northern edge of Salzburg
- Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing old farmhouses from all over the state assembled in an historic setting
- Schloss Klessheim, a palace and casino, formerly used by Adolf Hitler
- Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat near Berchtesgaden
- Kehlsteinhaus, the only remnant of Hitler's Berghof
- Salzkammergut, an area of lakes east of the city
- Untersberg mountain, next to the city on the Germany-Austria border, with panoramic views of Salzburg and the surrounding Alps
- Skiing is an attraction during winter. Salzburg itself has no skiing facilities, but it acts as a gateway to skiing areas to the south. During the winter months its airport receives charter flights from around Europe.
- Salzburg Zoo, located south of the city in Anif
Antiquity to the High Middle Ages
Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to theNeolithic Age. The first settlements in Salzburg continuous with the present were apparently by the Celts around the 5th century BC.
Around 15 BC the separate settlements were merged into one city by theRoman Empire. At this time, the city was called "Juvavum" and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. Juvavum developed into an important town of the Roman province of Noricum. After the collapse of the Norican frontier, Juvavum declined so sharply that by the late 7th century it nearly became a ruin.
The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitered the river for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzburg". He traveled to evangelise among pagans.
The name Salzburg means "Salt Castle" (Latin: Salis Burgium). The name derives from the barges carrying salt on the Salzach River, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century and was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers. The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, who made it his residence. It was greatly expanded during the following centuries.
Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century. Salzburg was the seat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, a prince-bishopric of the Holy Roman Empire. As the reformation movement gained steam, riots broke out among peasants in the areas in and around Salzburg. The city was occupied during the German Peasants' War, and the archbishop had to flee to the safety of the fortress It was besieged for three months in 1525.
Eventually, tensions were quelled, and the independence of the city led to an increase in wealth and prosperity, culminating in the late 16th to 18th centuries under the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, Markus Sittikus, and Paris Lodron. It was in the 17th century that Italian architects (and Austrians who had studied the Baroque style) rebuilt the city center as it is today along with many palaces.
On 31 October 1731, the 214th anniversary of the 95 Theses, Archbishop Count Leopold Anton von Firmian signed an Edict of Expulsion, the Emigrationspatent, directing allProtestant citizens to recant their non-Catholic beliefs. A total of 21,475 citizens refused to recant their beliefs and were expelled from Salzburg. Most of them accepted an offer by King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, traveling the length and breadth of Germany to their new homes in East Prussia. The rest settled in other Protestant states in Europe and the British colonies in America.
In 1772-1803, under archbishop Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo, Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism.
Electorate of Salzburg
In 1803, the archbishopric was secularised by Emperor Napoleon; he transferred the territory to Ferdinando III of Tuscany, former Grand Duke ofTuscany, as the Electorate of Salzburg.
Austrian annexation of Salzburg
In 1805, Salzburg was annexed to the Austrian Empire, along with the Berchtesgaden Provostry.
Salzburg under Bavarian rule
In 1809, the territory of Salzburg was transferred to the Kingdom of Bavaria after Austria's defeat at Wagram.
Division of Salzburg and annexation by Austria and Bavaria
At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Salzburg was definitively returned to Austria, but without Rupertigau and Berchtesgaden, which remained with Bavaria. Salzburg was integrated into the Salzach province and Salzburgerland was ruled from Linz.
In 1850, Salzburg's status was once more restored as the capital of the Duchy of Salzburg, a crownland of the Austrian Empire. The city became part of Austria-Hungary in 1866 as the capital of a crownland into the Austrian Empire. The nostalgia of the Romantic Era led to increased tourism. In 1892, a funicular was installed to facilitate tourism to the fortress of Hohensalzburg
Following World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; Salzburg, as the capital of one of the Austro-Hungarianterritories, became part of the newGerman Austria. In 1918, it represented the residual German-speaking territories of the Austrian heartlands. This was replaced by the First Austrian Republic in 1919, after the Treaty of Versailles.
Annexation by the Third Reich
The Anschluss (the occupation and annexation of Austria, including Salzburg, into the Third Reich) took place the 12 March 1938, one day before a scheduled referendum about Austria's independence. German troops moved to the city. Political opponents, Jewish citizens and other minorities were subsequently arrested anddeported to concentration camps. Thesynagogue was destroyed. Later after Germany invaded the Soviet Union, severalPOW camps for prisoners from the Soviet Union and other enemy nations were organized in the city.
During the Nazi occupation, a Roma camp was built in Salzburg-Maxglan. It was an Arbeitserziehungslager (work 'education' camp), which provided slave labour to local industry. It also operated as a Zwischenlager (transit camp), holding Roma before their deportation to German extermination camps or ghettos in German-occupied territories in eastern Europe.
World War II
Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants. A total of 15 strikes destroyed 46 percent of the city's buildings especially around Salzburg train station. Although the town's bridges and the dome of thecathedral were destroyed, much of its Baroque architecture remained intact. As a result, it is one of the few remaining examples of a town of its style. American troops entered Salzburg on 5 May 1945.
In the city of Salzburg, there were several DP Camps following World War II. Among these were Riedenburg, Camp Herzl (Franz-Josefs-Kaserne), Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and New Palestine. Salzburg was the centre of the American-occupied area in Austria.
After World War II, Salzburg became the capital city of the State of Salzburg (Land Salzburg). On 27 January 2006, the 250th anniversary of the birth of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, all 35 churches of Salzburg rang their bells a little after 8:00 p.m. (local time) to celebrate the occasion. Major celebrations took place throughout the year.
Salzburg is part of the temperate zone. The Köppen climate classification specifies the climate as either oceanic climate (Cfb) or humid continental(Dfb), depending on which isotherm for winter means are used. With the more regular −3 °C (27 °F) one for the coldest month, Salzburg would be a four-season oceanic climate with significant temperature differences between seasons. Due to the location at the northern rim of the Alps, the amount of precipitation is comparatively high, mainly in the summer months. The specific drizzle is called Schnürlregen in the local dialect. In winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur.
Climate data for Salzburg
|Record high °C (°F)||20.1|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.2|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.0|
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.4|
|Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics|
Salzburg is on the banks of the Salzach River, at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak, the 1,972‑metre-high Untersberg, is less than 16 kilometres (10 miles) from the city centre. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massiveFestung Hohensalzburg. This area is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city. Salzburg is approximately 150 km (93 mi) east of Munich, 281 km (175 mi) northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km (186 mi) west of Vienna.
Salzburg has twenty-four urban districts and three extra-urban populations.
Urban districts (Stadtteile):
Extra-urban populations (Landschaftsräume):
Salzburg has a growing number of options available for email and Internet access:
- Internet Cafe at the YOHO Hostel, Paracelsusstrasse 9, Happy Hour € 0,10 per hour is from 6PM - 9PM.
Prices in Salzburg
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.90|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€6.00|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€34.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€50.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€65.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€6.00|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€4.00|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€3.55|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€8.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.07|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€4.75|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€1.55|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€90.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€35.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€82.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€2.35|
60 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
215 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
- Salzburg W.A. Mozart International Airport, Innsbrucker Bundesstraße 95, . The Salzburg W.A. Mozart International Airport (IATA: SZG) is situated about 20 minutes from the center of the city. Connection with the city is provided by a trolley bus [www]. The airport has direct connections from Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Brussels, Birmingham, Coventry, Exeter, London, Palma de Mallorca, Paris, Saint Petersburg,İstanbul,Moscow, Vienna, all big German cities, and Zurich. For more connections you may prefer flying to Munich and taking the train to Salzburg.
Having arrived at the airport (Flughafen Salzburg) it is very easy to make your way into the town centre by electric trolleybus or other modes of transport. Tickets for these services can be bought easily from the bus driver and you can travel from here to the "Hauptbahnhof" main station where you can reach many destinations, predominantly in Austria, but also across the whole of Europe.
Salzburg's train station, the Hauptbahnhof, is located to the north of the Salzach River within the New Town of Salzburg. The train ride from Munich to Salzburg takes about an hour and a half (Regional trains take about 2 hours), and international trains operate from Zurich, Zagreb, Ljubljana and Budapest to name just a few destinations. Inter-city trains operate very frequently (especially to Vienna where services are almost hourly). The station underwent a thorough renovation over several years, which has been completed at the end of 2014 - please be advised that any information regarding its layout and services published before that is most probably outdated.
The station is operated by both the Austrian Federal Railway Company (ÖBB) and the National German Railway company (DB). Both companies have ticket stalls and machines in the station. The popular train pass for Bavaria sold by DB (in German: Bayern Ticket) also covers train rides between Bavaria and Salzburg, but it is only valid for Regional trains (code RE and RB). The rail pass can be brought from DB ticket stalls as well as DB Ticket Selling Machines in the station.
Salzburg has direct train connections with Vienna, Linz, Feldkirch (at the Liechtenstein border), Zürich (in Switzerland), etc.
The station features a supermarket open 6AM - 11PM (shorter opening times on Sunday), lockers (from €2 to €3.50, but be aware that there may often be full!) and free toilets. To get to the city center, walk (about 15mn), or alternatively use one of the trolley buses.
- Budweis-shuttle "http://www.budweis-shuttle.cz" and Czechshuttle.com offers a door-to-door shuttle bus transfer from Cesky Krumlov or Ceske Budejovice to Salzburg and back for 1.100 CZK (€44) per person.
- From Bosnia, (Banja Luka or Doboj), three times per week, with Boro Bus
- Bus transfer from/To Budapest w possible stop in Vienna, from door to door, english speaking drivers with Eurobusways
Salzburg is well connected to both Vienna (Wien) and Munich (München), Germany via the autobahns A8 (Munich - Salzburg) and A1 (Salzburg - Vienna). There is an Austrian Motorway "Vignette" you have to purchase. The price varies depending on if you buy a yearly or 10 day vignette.
Driving around Salzburg can be a pain. The road names are small and written in a "Traditional" German font which can be hard to read. The best bet is to get into the city, find a parking space, and travel by foot. Be sure that if you are driving in cold weather to be prepared for snow. Snow chains should be recommended, in extreme weather. (All cars must have snow tires (Winterreifen) by law from October to April)
Transportation - Get Around
The best way to get around Salzburg is by foot.
There is a network of city buses, the StadtBus, with numbers from 1 to 8 (O-Buses, electric) and 20-27 (fuel-powered). A single trip costs 1€60 (2€40 in the bus), a 24h ticket costs 3€30 (when bought at the vending machine). There also daily, weekly and monthly passes. If you travel by bus, make sure you catch none of the last buses. They will take you several kilometers out of town with your only way back being by walking or taxi. With that said, if you need to get somewhere late at night it may be best to take a taxi or walk. Conveniently, bus tickets can be bought on the buses from the bus driver, but are more expensive (2€40 to be compared with 1€60 at the vending machine).
The "Lokalbahn" train has a separate train station under the main train station and travels in the direction of Oberndorf and Lamprechtshausen. Tickets can be bought on the train.
Another option for exploring areas around the main city (Bad Ischl, Fuschlsee, etc.) are the POST-BUSes. These also leave from the main train station; tickets can be bought from the driver.
Finally, another excellent option is renting a bike. Salzburg has over 100 km of bike paths, and using this mode of transportation is often faster than bus, car or foot. There are also excellent bike paths on either side of the river which you can follow to either Freilassing (35 min), Oberndorf or Hallein (each about an hour away).
Depending on how long you want to stay in Salzburg and how much you want to pack into one day, the Salzburg Card could be a good investment, it includes:
- Free single admission to all the city's attractions.
- Free use of public transport throughout the city, including fortress funicular, panorama boat & cable car Untersberg.
- Attractive discounts for cultural events.
- Discounts for various tours and excursions.
Salzburg Card 24 h/Adult: € 26.00, 48 hours: € 35.00, 72 hours: € 41.00
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
A typical dessert from Salzburg is the Salzburg Nockerl. Don't try to eat it on your own, it's too heavy for one person!
- Wilder Mann, Getreidegasse 20. Wilder Mann offers traditional Austrian cuisine. The restaurant provides large portions and friendly-service. Smoking is allowed in the restaurant.
- Augustiner Bräustübl, Lindhofstrasse 7 (near Muller Hauptstr, or Augustinergasse 4, On the Mönchsberg, bus stop Landeskrankenhaus), .Beer garden with self-brewed beer, and market-like shops to buy food. You can bring your own food (not drinks!) if you want.
- Saran Essbar, Judengasse 10, Altstadt / Mönchsberg, . Great schnitzel, as well as the dumpling. Run by a very nice guy. Also, surprisingly excellent Indian fare for central Salzburg. (2nd opinion: decent, not excellent, chicken curry. And avoid the noodle soup: it (seems like it) came out of a can.)
- Maroni-Salzburg, Hanuschplatz 1, . Have roasted chestnuts and a glass of glühwein in the winterseason right before you start off to the Christmas Market. Maronibraterei Salzburg
- Bärenwirt, Müllner Hauptstraße 8, . Traditional food, traditionally furnished restaurant, rather cheap, fabulous beer from the close by Augustiner Bräu.
- Raschhofer's Rossbräu, Alpenstraße 48, . Traditional, yet somewhat updated, Austrian fare. They serve excellent "Kaiserschmnarrn" a "breakfast" (yet really a dessert).
- Zirkel Wirt, Papagenoplatz, Old Town. Delicious traditional and some not-so-traditional food, vegetarian-friendly, great beer, good atmosphere.
- Gabler Bräu, Linzergasse 9, . Traditional food of high quality, a big selection of salads from the self-service-menu for approximately €7.
- SOG, Erzabt Klotz Straße 21, . Excellent and affordable Italian food.
- Der Schmuggler, Laufenerstrasse 7, 83395 Freilassing. This is a cafe/pub across the border in Freilassing offering good beer and a hearty meal. Good value. Popular with the locals. There is also a pool table.
- Restaurant Mediterrane, Moostraße 36. This restaurant is the best Italian in Salzburg, better than the high end place like Pan y Vin. Nothing over €15 or so and the quality is excellent. Try the shrimp pasta or the calamarreti pasta and a mix green salad. This is a small and elegant restaurant, hidden and 5 minutes from Alt Stadt.
- "Stiegl Keller" Festungsgasse 10 Phone +43 662 84 26 81 A cellar up on a mountain, serving traditional food and the famous Stiegl beer right from the barrel.
- Franziskischlössl, Kapuzinerberg 9, . On top of the Kapuzinerberg mountain. In what used to be a fortified castle, you find a superb restaurant serving traditional food and excellent fresh fish. Try the Gröstl for a hearty lunch and wash it down with Stiegl Weisse beer. Great views to the Alps.
- Café Sacher Salzburg, Schwarzstraße 5-7, A-5020 Salzburg, . Trying the original Sacher-Torte is a must for all chocolate lovers out there. But there's more to Café Sacher than just cake. They also serve delicious hot food at prices cheaper than other touristy places listed here - plus you enjoy the service and ambiance of the Sacher Hotel.
- Obauer, Markt 46, Werfen, . World renown Chef Rudi Obauer was awarded 4 toques. The restaurant is located 45 minutes south of Salzburg, but many claim that it is well-worth the effort! Prices range from €19-45.
- Hangar 7, Wilhelm Spazier Straße 7a, . If you seek a special environment for your dinner this is the place, a top-cuisine restaurant and a great bar close to the airport.
- K+K Restaurant, Waagplatz 2, . Excellent Austrian fare in a romantic intimate setting. Just steps away from the Salzburg Cathedral on Mozart Plaza. A 3 course meal for two people with a bottle of wine was about €90.
- Restaurant Hotel Gmachl, Dorfstrasse 14 - 5161 Elixhausen - Salzburg, , fax: . advertising: The award winning chef hat restaurant of the Romantik Hotel Gmachl, offering high quality meals prepared from local products of the restaurants own butcher's shop. Just a short ride from the Old Town on the outskirts of Salzburg.
Coffe & Drink
- Tomaselli, . Alter Markt 9. A traditional Viennese coffee house, the oldest in Salzburg. Try the Einspänner and Sacher cake!
- Café Bazar, Schwarzstrasse 3, legendary Viennese coffee house with terrace overlooking the river Salzach and the city, where artists and businessmen alike (and yes, tourists as well) sip a "Kleiner Brauner" and discuss last evening's Festival-performance.
- Fürst, Brodgasse 13. Exquisite pastries, and the place to buy the original Mozartkugel, invented by confectioner Paul Fürst in 1884.
- Republic, Anton-Neumayr-Platz 2. A modern café with good breakfast, and a variety of cultural events (Jazz Brunch, Clubbing, special theme parties at night). Turns into one of the most popular places to be during night.
- Shakespeare, Hubert Sattler Gasse 3(close to Mirabell castle), +43 662 879 106. Art café with good Chinese cuisine, cheap lunch menu during the week.
- Anifer Mühlenbrot, Markatplatz. A tiny bakery with a tasty selection of sweets and snacks, and serves cheap breakfast, even though there is only one table. Try the Berger chocolates.
- Afro Café, Bürgerspitalgasse (at the end of Getreidegasse). A funky, modern café with decoration inspired by urban African style. Offers a variety of unconventional and great food and drinks.
- Café Sacher Salzburg, Schwarzstraße 5-7, A-5020 Salzburg, . Excellent coffee (try the Wiener Melange if you like your cappuccinos) and great cakes/desserts. The Sacher-Torte hardly requires an introduction. But there are more cakes and tortes. The Strudel is great, and if you have a big appetite the Kaiserschmarrn (huge pancake-like dessert with plum confit and lots of sugar!) will not disappoint you. And it's not as expensive as you might imagine given this is a 5 star hotel. In fact, you'll spend the same, if not more, in any other café in the old part of town.
Sights & Landmarks
- Schloss Hellbrunn, Fürstenweg 37, , fax:, e-mail: [email protected].Open 1 Apr-1 Nov, Apr, Oct 9AM-4:30PM; May, Jun, Sep 9AM-5:30PM; Jul, Aug 9AM-9PM (only trick fountains from 6PM). Once the summer palace of the Archbishops of Salzburg it has lots of clever fountains and pretty gardens. When you take the tour stand next to the guide otherwise you will get wet. Hellbrunn is surrounded by vast gardens, including a good children's playground with swings and flying fox, and a cold wading pool, and is a perfect place for a picnic or a long walk through the green. In the Steintheater (Stone Theater), the first opera in Middle Europe was conducted. If you're traveling with children, this is the place to visit because children and adults alike are amused. There is an excellent and substantial zoo within the grounds. Adults: € 10.50, Students (19-26 years old): € 7, Children (4-18 years): € 5, Family ticket (2 adults, 2 children): € 25 (2013).
- Hohensalzburg Fortress (Festung), Mönchsberg 34, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Located on top of a mountain, the Festung offers breath-taking views of Salzburg and the Alps. One area of the fortress offers visitors the chance to look down on a field below to find only one house, the executioner's residence. It was believed to live anywhere near the executioner was bad luck. Inside the fortress is a museum of medieval weapons, life on the fortress, and torture instruments. Public concerts are often held here in the evenings, reservations are recommended. On nights with concerts, it is possible to remain within the walls past dark. To avoid the vertical hike up to the Fortress, a funicular is available to ride, for a fee. Adults: €11 (Funicular) €7.80 (walking up), Children (6-14 years): €6.50 / €4.50, Family ticket: €26.20 / €18.20.
- Alter Markt Square. Various shops in this area are quite old and impressive. For instance have a look at the interior of the pharmacy called Fürsterzbischöfliche Apotheke. No pictures though, this is a pharmacy not a tourist attraction.
- Schloss Mirabell, .M,W,Th 8AM-4PM; Tu,F 1PM-4PM. Located right next to the Salzach river and the Mozarteum University of Music and Arts lies a beautiful castle with gardens, built by an archbishop for his beloved courtesan. Watch out for the "Garden of Dwarfs" and the Garden of Roses. Inside, you find the marble stairs of Raffael Donner, and the world's most beautiful wedding hall, the Marble Hall. If you plan to marry there, reservations should be made at least a year in advance. Weddings in English are only held on Tuesday and Friday. If you don't speak German, you can't get married any other day!
- Dom zu Salzburg (Salzburg Cathedral), Residenzplatz. In Cathedral Excavations Museum you can see objects excavated from a Roman villa and foundations of the west towers of the Romanesque cathedral both of which stood in the area of today's cathedral.
- Getreidegasse - A long yet narrow street running parallel to the river in the centre of town, with lots of shops, famous for the old (or old-style) signs of profession outside each store.
- St. Sebastian Cemetery- Holds not only the graves of Mozart's wife Constanze Weber-Nissen, but also the must-see Mausoleum of Archbishop Wolfdietrich.
- St Peter's Church, Cemetery, and Catacombs- Perhaps most remarkable are the small catacombs (€1 Adults, €0.60 Children) carved into the nearby cliff side. Climb up for a couple of small chapels and a nice overlook.
- The Untersberg. The mountain is perennially popular with tourists due to its proximity to the city of Salzburg, less than 16 km (10 mi) to the north of the mountain and within easy reach by bus. A variety of paths lead to the top, but most people use the cable car that lifts passengers over 1300m to the Geiereck peak. The cable car runs from the 'St Leonhard' station in the town of Gartenau to the station at the Geiereck peak.
- Kapuzinerberg. This steep hill can be accessed through Linzergasse in the old part of town. Once you're in you're in deep forest. There are several paths that bring you to the top (where the Franziskischlössl fortification stands - today it's a restaurant) via either a paved road -no traffic, though- or a forest track with steps. There are several viewpoints along the way. The views of the city, and the Alps, are spectacular, the air is fresh and it makes for a superb little excursion without leaving the city.
Museums & Galleries
- Mozarts Geburtshaus (Mozart's birth house), Getreidegasse 9, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Open daily 9AM-6PM (Last admission: 5:30PM), open until 7PM Jul-Aug. The Mozart family lived in this house in the heart of Salzburg from 1747-1773, where W.A. Mozart himself was born on 27 January 1756. The house is now a popular museum devoted to Mozart and his family, with interesting memorabilia and letters. Well worth a quick visit. Adults: €10, Youths and school groups 15-18: €4, Children and school groups 6-14: €3.50, Family tickets (2 adults with children): € 21.
- Mozarts Wohnhaus (Mozart Residence), Makartplatz 8, , e-mail: [email protected]. Open daily 9AM-6PM (Last admission: 5:30PM), open until 7PM Jul-Aug. Mozart’s Residence was reconstructed after being destroyed during World War II and was opened to the public in 1996. Adults: €10 (with birth house: €17), Youths and school groups 15-18: €4, Children 6-14: €3.50, family: €21.
- Salzburg Museum, Mozartplatz 1. Very new, trying really hard to tell you about Salzburg's history.
- Toy Museum (Spielzeugmuseum), Bürgerspitalgasse 2, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Founded in 1978, the Toy Museum has the largest collection in Austria of European toys. The "Kasperltheater" puppet show is held every Tuesday and Wednesday at 3PM for the past 25 years. Adults: €2.70, Seniors, Children, youth (16-26): €2, Students (6-15): €0.80.
- Museum of Natural History (Haus der Natur Salzburg), Museumsplatz 5, , e-mail: [email protected]. Open daily 9AM-5PM. Adults: €4.50, Seniors (60+) or with a pass: €4, Students (Under 27) and Children (4+): €2.50.
- Salzburg Museum of Modern Art (Museum der Moderne Salzburg). Two locations: Wiener Philharmonikergasse 9, and Mönchsberg 32. The Salzburg Museum of Modern Art is on the cliff overlooking the old town. It houses contemporary art works from the 20th and 21st centuries, along with rotating international art displays. Open Tu-Su 10AM-6PM, W 10AM-8PM, closed M.
- Residenzgalerie (Residence Gallery Salzburg), Residenzplatz 1.
Things to do
- Casino Salzburg, 5071 Wals-Siezenheim, . Open daily except for December 24. Slot machines: noon-3AM, Live games: 3PM-3AM. Free admission.
- Salzburg Zoo, Anifer Landesstr 1, , e-mail:[email protected]. 9AM-11PM daily. The zoo is in south Salzburg and is open 365 days a year. It also has a petting zoo for children. There is a restaurant on site serving traditional Austrian dishes. Adults: € 10.10, Students (under 27): € 7, Children (4-14): € 4, family: € 26.50.
- Chess — Giant chess board painted onto the ground, past the cathedral (traveling away from the river). You'll have to wait your turn, but it's worth it.
- Salt Mines Hallein. — There are a few different salt mine tours available in Salzburg's immediate surroundings. A good one is Salzwelten Salzburg in Bad Dürrnberg near Hallein. Getting there is easy with the Salz Erlebnis Ticket, available at the train station; it covers the local train and a bus transfer (round-trip), admission, and the (required) Salzwelten tour. The tour is great for families, although children under 4 are not allowed on the tour. Put on white coveralls, ride a trolley into the mine, and use wooden slides to descend into the lower levels. A café and picnic benches are available on-site, as well as a small reconstructed Celtic village that includes a playground. Allow about 2 1/2 hours for the tour and the Celtic Village. Open 9AM-5PM Apr-Oct; 10AM-3PM Nov-Dec. Adults: € 19; Students/Juniors/Senior: € 17; Children 4-15 years € 9.50. Family and Group tickets are available.
Festivals and events
For almost a century, Salzburg has hosted the world famous Salzburg Festival, with operas, concerts, and theater plays in different locations throughout the city. It was founded by Hugo von Hoffmansthal, Max Reinhardt and Richard Strauss in 1920. It takes place in July and August, the most famous piece is the "Jedermann" ("Everyman") by Hugo v. Hoffmansthal, being conducted in front of the Dom (Cathedral) every year.
More recently, festivals also take place during Easter time (with mostly Baroque music), and in autumn.
- Augustiner Bräustuberl, Lindhofstrasse 7, . Beer garden with self-brewed beer (the delicious Märzenbier), and market-like shops to buy food. You can bring your own food (not drinks!) if you want. On the Mönchsberg, bus stop Landeskrankenhaus, or a 20 minute walk from the Altes Rathaus - just follow the river with the hill to your left and when you see the Augustinerkloster abbey on top of the hill, take the stairs going up.
- The Denkmal, Hellbrunner Strasse (Near the Justizgebäude bus stop). The Denkmal is a private club, so expect to pay a few Euro for a one-night temporary "membership" (just ask the bartender). Small, cozy, fun atmosphere, popular with university students. Sometimes has live music.
- The Shamrock, Rudolfskai 12, Judengasse 1, . Guinness, cider, German and Austrian beer as well, occasional live music, and a nice atmosphere. Popular with local university students. Expect the place to be packed on a weekend night.
- Stiegl Brauwelt, Bräuhausstrasse 9. Bus stop Bräuhausstrasse on line 1. Tour the brewery and museum and have a Stiegl in the brewery's own pub and beer garden. The tour costs €9 and it includes three 20cl drinks and a gift.
- Stieglkeller, Festungsgasse 10, . 11AM-11PM. The Stieglkeller is open from May to September. It offers a small choice of traditional dishes, Stiegl beers, Radler and other drinks. It is most recommendable for its fantastic panoramic view over the city. The lower terrace is with service, though you are expected to consume food there. The upper two terraces are self-service areas.
- O'Malley's. Everyone goes here. Great bartenders. Open late for real drinkers.
- Die Weisse, Rupertgasse 10 (near Linzergasse), .Located in one of Salzburg's most historic breweries, this is where all the locals hang out. It's best to make reservations Wednesday through Saturday as it can get crowded. They also serve treats from Bavaria and Salzburg!