Belgium consists of three regions, listed from North to South:

The northern, Dutch-speaking region of the country. It includes well known cities like Antwerp, Ghentand Bruges.
The bilingual capital region of the country and headquarters of the EU.
The southern, French-speaking region, incorporating a small German speaking region in the east near the German border.


Belgium has a very high rate of urbanization and has an astonishing number of cities for such a small territory

  • Brussels — Belgium's capital and the unofficial capital of the EU. Nice historic centre and several museums of interest. One of the most multicultural cities in Europe.
  • Antwerp — Belgium's second largest city, with a giant cathedral, medieval streets and artistic heritage, and a great place for fashion.
  • Bruges — one of Europe's wealthiest cities in the 14th century, it is touristy yet still very authentic, medieval and quiet at night, with small guest houses and family businesses greatly outnumbering chain hotels.
  • Ghent — once one of Europe's largest cities, now a perfect mixture of Antwerp and Bruges: a cosy city with canals, yet with rich history and lively student population.
  • Leuven — a small city dominated by one of Europe's oldest universities. Beautiful historic centre and a lively nightlife.
  • Liège — second largest city of Wallonia, along a wide river, industrial cityscape with hiking and resorts in the nearby hills, it has a very strong, independent character and an exciting night-life.
  • Mechelen — a small medieval city with a nice historic district around the cathedral.
  • Mons - Mons has had the extraordinary privilege of having three sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and one event on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
  • Namur — capital of Wallonia, at the confluence of Sambre and Meuse with the Citadel.

Other destinations

  • Ardennes — the most sparsely populated region in Benelux, this is a hilly countryside region covered with forests
  • Dinant — small city in a stunning natural setting, a popular spot for adventure sports such as canoeing and rock-climbing, best visited in winter
  • Fondry des Chiens
  • Pajottenland Also called the "Tuscany of the North" is a green region West of Brussels, consisting of rolling hills, meadows, small villages and castles. Home of the Geuze beer and definitely worth a trip. Great for hiking, biking and horse riding tours.
  • Spa - the hot water treatments of the spa town that gave its name to all spas in the world has drawn visitors for centuries.
  • Ypres and its surrounding villages — destroyed during the First World War, this former military stronghold is marked by memorials and cemeteries.

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Belgium - Travel guide