While the country is divided into two "entities"; the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina with a predominant Muslim/Croat majority population and the Republika Srpska (i.e. Republic of Serbs or RS) with a Serb majority population, here is a "traveller-friendly" division of the country based on traditional regions.
| ||Bosanska Krajina|
northwest of the country "hugged" by Croatia
south of country, traditionally inhabited by Croats mostly
along the Sava River
| ||Sarajevo Region|
the capital and its environs
- Sarajevo — the national capital; a cosmopolitan European city with a unique Eastern twist as can be seen in its vast diversity of architectural styles; metropolis
- Banja Luka — the second largest city, serving as the capital of Republika Srpska, with some historical sights and a rich nightlife
- Bihać — city near Croatian border, surrounded by an impressive nature
- Jajce — a small city with a beautiful waterfall and number of historical attractions dotted around its center
- Mostar — nice old town on Neretva River, symbolized by its medieval bridge
- Neum — the only coastal town, with sandy beaches backed by steep hills
- Tuzla — third largest city with much industry, though has a lovely old town and monuments to the brutal war too
- Teslic — а health spa resort with the biggest tourist capacity in the country
- Zenica — city with an Ottoman old quarter
- Kozara — national park in the north-west with dense forests and hilly meadows, a hiking and hunting destination.
- Međugorje — inland town between mountains with a mild Mediterranean climate, but perhaps best known due to claims of apparitions of the Virgin Mary to six locals.
- Srebrenica — small town in the north-east, beautiful nature (third deepest canyon, of river Drina in the world), best known as the site of a genocide during the Bosnian War.
- Igman ski resort
- Jahorina ski resort
- Bjelašnica ski resort