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Split is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea, centered on the Roman Palace of the Emperor Diocletian. Spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings, Split's greater area includes the neighboring seaside towns as well. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is a link to numerous Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula.
Split is one of the oldest cities in the area. While traditionally considered just over 1,700 years old, counting from the construction of Diocletian's Palace in 305 CE, the city was in fact founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 4th century BC, about 2,400 years ago. It became a prominent settlement around 650 CE, when it succeeded the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona: as after the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Byzantine vassal, the Republic of Venice, and theCroatian Kingdom, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the King of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities.
Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. Eventually, its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1796, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formiorendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, and in 1809, after theTreaty of Schönbrunn, it was included directly in the French Empire, as part of the Illyrian Provinces. After Napoleon's defeat in 1814, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatiauntil the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. During World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. It was then re-occupied by Germany, which granted it to its puppet Independent State of Croatia. The city was liberated again by the Partisans in 1944, and was included in the post-war Federal Yugoslavia, as part of its republic of Croatia. In 1991 Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia amid the Croatian War of Independence.
|POPULATION :||• City 178,102|
• Metro 349,314
• City itself 167,121
|FOUNDED :||Greek colony of Aspálathos established 6th century BCE|
Diocletian's Palace built 305 CE
Diocletian's Palace settled 639 CE
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|RELIGION :||Roman Catholics 86.15%|
|AREA :||• City 79.38 km2 (30.65 sq mi)|
• City itself 22.12 km2 (8.54 sq mi)
|ELEVATION :||0 m (0 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||43°30′36″N 16°27′00″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.25%|
• Female: 51.75%
|ETHNIC :||Croats 96.23%|
|AREA CODE :||21|
|POSTAL CODE :||HR-21000|
|DIALING CODE :||+385 21|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Split is a city in Central Dalmatia,Croatia, and the seat of the Split-Dalmatia county. The city was originally built around the Diocletian palace (a palace/fort built for the retired Roman emperor Diocletian) where the locals sought refuge centuries ago. Wandering the historic centre of Split you can still clearly see the Roman walls, squares, and temples.
Because of its ideal climate, with 2,800 hours of sunlight each year, local people have a few nicknames for Split: "The most beautiful city in the world" and"Mediterranean flower". Many famous Croatian sports people were born in Split, so locals often nicknamed their city "The sportiest city in the world". The most popular sport institution is the football club Hajduk. Large portions of the city are painted with the club's colors and logo. This is done by Torcida, the oldest supporters group in Europe, established in 1950. Besides the bell tower of St. Duje, the symbols of city are the Dalmatian dog and a donkey. Locals have a high regard for the donkey because of its past indispensable place in field work and transport across the Dalmatian mountains.
Winters in Split are generally mild, with temperatures above 0°C, but despite the popular saying that the city experiences snowfall once every 30 years, there is actually at least one snowy day nearly every winter, usually in January or early February. If you find yourself in Split on a day with significant snowfall, expect serious traffic disruption.
The population was by that time largely Croatian , while Romance Dalmatian names were not so numerous , according to the Medieval city archives, and the common language was also Croatian, but Italian (a mixture of Tuscan and Venetian dialects) was also spoken due to the Italian minorities. The autonomy of the city was reduced: the highest authority was a prince-captain, always of Venetian birth.
Split eventually developed into a significant port-city, with important trade routes to the Ottoman-held interior through the nearby Klis pass. Culture flourished as well, Split being the hometown of Marko Marulić, a classic Croatian author. Marko Marulić's most acclaimed work, Judita (1501), was an epic poem about Judith and Holfernes and written in Split, it was printed in Venice in 1521. It is widely held to be the first modern work of Croatian literature. Still, it should be noted the advances and achievements were reserved mostly for the aristocracy: the illiteracy rate was extremely high, mostly because Venetian rule showed little interest in educational and medical facilities.
During the brief period of Napoleonic rule when it was part of the Napoleonic France's Illyrian Provinces (1806–1813), large investments were undertaken in the city, new streets were built and parts of the ancient fortifications were removed.
The city was captured from the French by an Austrian and British force led by Captain William Hoste without resistance in November 1813. The city was then allocated to the Empire of Austria by the Congress of Vienna. The Split region became part of the Kingdom of Dalmatia, a separate administrative unit. After the revolutions of 1848 as a result of the romantic nationalism, two factions appeared. One was the pro-Croatian Unionist faction (later called the "Puntari", "Pointers"), led by the People's Party and, to a lesser extent, the Party of Rights, both of which advocated the union of Dalmatia with the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia which was under Hungarian administration. This faction was strongest in Split, and used it as its headquarters. The other faction was the pro-Italian Autonomist faction (also known as the "Irredentist" faction), whose political goals varied from autonomy within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to a political union with the Kingdom of Italy.
The political alliances in Split shifted over time. At first, the Unionists and Autonomists were allied against the centralism of Vienna. After a while, when the national question came to prominence, they separated. Under Austria, however, Split can generally be said to have stagnated. The great upheavals in Europe in 1848 gained no ground in Split, and the city did not rebel.
Antonio Bajamonti became Mayor of Split in 1860 and – except for a brief interruption during the period 1864–65 – held the post for over two decades until 1880. Bajamonti was also a member of the Dalmatian Sabor (1861–91) and theAustrian Chamber of Deputies (1867–70 and 1873–79). In 1882 the Bajamonti's party lost the elections and Dujam Rendić-Miočević, a prominent city lawyer, was elected to the post.
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
After the end of World War I and the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, the province of Dalmatia, along with Split, became a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Split was the site of a series of incidents between 1918 and 1920.
Since Rijeka, Trieste and Zadar, the three other large cities on the eastern Adriatic coast, were annexed by Italy, Split became the most important port in the Kingdom. The Lika railway, connecting Split to the rest of the country, was completed in 1925.
The country changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929, and thePort of Split became the seat of new administrative unit, Littoral Banovina. After the Cvetković-Maček agreement, Split became the part of new administrative unit (merging of Sava and Littoral Banovina plus some Croat populated areas),Banovina of Croatia in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
World War II
In April 1941, following the invasion of Yugoslavia by Nazi Germany, Split was occupied by Italy. Although Split formally became part of the Independent State of Croatia, the Ustaše were not able to establish and strengthen their rule in Split, as Italians assumed all power in Dalmatia. One month later on 18 May 1941, when the Treaties of Rome were signed, Italy formally annexed Split and large parts of Dalmatia. Italian rule met heavy opposition from the Croat population as Split became a centre of anti-fascist sentiment in Yugoslavia. The first armed resistance group was organized on 7 May 1941; the 63 member strong 1st Strike Detachment (Prvi udarni odred) served as the basis for future formations, including the 1st Split Partisan Detachment. Between September and October 1941 alone, ten officials of the Italian fascist occupation were assassinated by the citizens. On 12 June 1942, a mob, which included Italian soldiers, devastated the city's synagogue, attacked the Jews inside, and looted sixty Jewish homes. In September 1943, following the capitulation of Italy, the city was temporarily controlled by Tito's brigades with thousands of people volunteering to join the Partisans of Marshal Josip Broz Tito (a third of the total population, according to some sources). A few weeks later, however, the Partisans were forced into retreat as the Wehrmacht placed the city under the authority of the Independent State of Croatia a few weeks later. The local football clubs refused to compete in the Italian championship; HNK Hajduk and RNK Split suspended their activities and both joined the Partisans along with their entire staff after the Italian capitulation provided the opportunity. Soon after Hajduk became the official football club of the Partisan movement.
In a tragic turn of events, besides being bombed by axis forces, the city was also bombed by the Allies, causing hundreds of deaths. Partisans finally captured the city on 26 October 1944 and instituted it as the provisional capital of Croatia. On 12 February 1945 the Kriegsmarine conducted a daring raid on the Split harbour, damaging the British cruiser Delhi.
After World War II, Split became a part of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, itself a constituent sovereign republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. During the period the city experienced its largest economic and demographic boom. Dozens of new factories and companies were founded with the city population tripling during the period. The city became the economic centre of an area exceeding the borders of Croatia and was flooded by waves of rural migrants from the undeveloped hinterland who found employment in the newly established industry, as part of large-scale industrialization and investment by the Yugoslav Federal Government.
The shipbuilding industry was particularly successful and Yugoslavia, with its Croatian shipyards, became one of the world's top nations in the field. Many recreational facilities were also constructed with federal funding, especially for the 1979 Mediterranean Games, such as the Poljud Stadium. The city also became the largest passenger and military port in Yugoslavia, housing the headquarters of the Yugoslav Navy (Jugoslavenska ratna mornarica, JRM) and the Army's Coastal Military District (equivalent of a field army). In the period between 1945 and 1990, the city was transformed and expanded, taking up the vast majority of the Split peninsula. In the same period it achieved an as yet unsurpassed GDP and employment level, still above the present day's, growing into a significant Yugoslav city.
When Croatia declared its independence again in 1991, Split had a large garrison of JNA troops (drafted from all over Yugoslavia), as well as the headquarters and facilities of the Yugoslav War Navy (JRM). This led to a tense months-long stand-off between the JNA and Croatian National Guard and police forces, occasionally flaring up in various incidents. The most tragic such incident occurred on 15 November 1991, when the JRM light frigate Split fired a small number of shells at the city and its surroundings. The damage was insignificant but there were a few casualties. Three general locations were bombarded: the old city center, the city airport and an uninhabited part of the hills above Kaštela, between the airport and Split. JRM Sailors who had refused to attack Croat civilians, most of them Croats themselves, were left in the vessel's brig. The JNA and JRM evacuated all of its facilities in Split during January 1992. The 1990s economic recession soon followed.
In the years following 2000, Split finally gained momentum and started to develop again, with a focus on tourism. From being just a transition centre, Split is now a major Croatian tourist destination. Many new hotels are being built, as well as new apartment and office buildings. Many large development projects are revived, and new infrastructure is being built. An example of the latest large city projects is the Spaladium Arena, built in 2009.
Split has a borderline humid subtropical(Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa), since only one summer month has less than 40 millimetres (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. It has hot, moderately dry summers and mild, wet winters (however, winters can sometimes feel cold, because of the north wind Bura and its windchill factor - for example, if the air temperature is 5 °C (41 °F) and strong bura is blowing, it feels like -10 °C (14 °F). Average annual rainfall is more than 820 mm (32.28 in). July is the hottest month, with an average high temperature around 30 °C (86 °F). January is the coldest month, with an average low temperature around 5 °C (41 °F). November is the wettest month, with a precipitation total of nearly 113 mm (4.45 in) and 12 rainy days. July is the driest month, with a precipitation total of around 26 mm (1.02 in). Winter is the wettest season; however, it can rain in Split at any time of the year. Snow is usually rare; since record-keeping began the months of December and January have accrued 1 snowy day on average, while February has averaged 2. In February 2012, Split received unusually large amount of snow which caused major problems with traffic. Split receives more than 2,600 sunshine hours annually.
Climate data for Split
|Record high °C (°F)||17.4|
|Average high °C (°F)||10.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||7.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||5.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−9.0|
|Source #1: National Meteorological and Hydrological Service (Croatia)|
|Source #2: World Weather Information Service|
|12.0 °C (53.6 °F)||11.5 °C (52.7 °F)||11.9 °C (53.4 °F)||13.8 °C (56.8 °F)||17.3 °C (63.1 °F)||21.1 °C (70.0 °F)||23.2 °C (73.8 °F)||23.6 °C (74.5 °F)||21.7 °C (71.1 °F)||19.3 °C (66.7 °F)||16.4 °C (61.5 °F)||13.7 °C (56.7 °F)|
Split is situated on a peninsula between the eastern part of the Gulf of Kaštela and theSplit Channel. The Marjan hill (178 m), rises in the western part of the peninsula. The ridges Kozjak (779 m) and its brother Mosor(1339 m) protect the city from the north and northeast, and separate it from the hinterland.
Split's economy is still suffering the backlash from the recession caused by the transfer to a market economy and privatization. In the Yugoslav era, however, the city had been a highly significant economic centre with a modern and diverse industrial and economic base, including shipbuilding, food, chemical,plastics, textile, and paper industry, in addition to large revenues from tourism. In 1981 Split's GDP per capita was 37% above the Yugoslav average. Today, most of the factories are out of business (or are far below pre-war production and employment capacity) and the city has been trying to concentrate on commerce and services, consequently leaving an alarmingly large number of factory workers unemployed.
Brodosplit shipyard is the largest one in Croatia. It employs around 2,300 people, and has built over 350 vessels, including many tankers, both panamax and non-panamax, as well as container ships, bulk carriers, dredgers, off-shore platforms, frigates, submarines, patrol boats and passenger ships. 80% of the ships built are exported to foreign contractors.
The new A1 motorway, integrating Split with the rest of the Croatian freeway network, has helped stimulate economic production and investment, with new businesses being built in the city centre and its wildly sprawling suburbs. The entire route was opened in July 2005. Today, the city's economy relies mostly on trade and tourism with some old industries undergoing partial revival, such as food (fishing, olive, wine production), paper, concrete and chemicals. Since 1998, Split has been host to the annual Croatia Boat Show.
There are internet cafés in the old centre of the city
- Internet club Net Com P. Grgura Ninskog 9, [www]. Internet and international calls.
- Smokvina Travel Majstora Jurja 3.
There are several more Internet cafés by the harbour just north of the train station. One provides Ubuntu Linux.
- DenCall internet-Split, , e-mail:[email protected]. 8AM-11PM. 17 computers, connection speed: 1,5 Mbit, printing b/w, camera to CD/usb transfer, call centre, international calling cards, rent-a-bike, luggage storage.
There is free internet via WiFi in the People's Square next to the Lacoste store. Search for "Split Hotspot"
Prices in Split
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.98|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€4.80|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€20.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€40.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€60.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€4.70|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€2.35|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€2.15|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€1.20|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€6.50|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.09|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€3.50|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€1.33|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€70.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€34.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€77.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€1.45|
45 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
150 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Split Airport is, after Zagreb Airport, the most important in Croatia. Scheduled services fly to major European cities, with summer charter flights from more. The airport is about 25 km west from Split, near the city of Trogir. It has free WiFi internet. Airport buses run from the terminal to the city and stop at the eastern end of 'Riva'. A single ticket costs 30 kn. Local buses run from the road outside the terminal -- walk through the parking lot and go to the bus stop on the other side of the road.
Bus number 37 runs about every 30 min and costs 16 kn (tickets are bought from the bus driver). Bus 37 does not take you all the way to the historical centre and you need to switch to bus 9 or 10, or just walk about a kilometre along the major road that runs by the bus stop (stops for buses 9 and 10 are also by this road). In addition, a small fraction of the departures from Split main bus station to Trogir on work days use the road next to the airport. In the on-line timetables [www] search for ZRAČNA L.-AIRPORT (but take into account that the timetable is not necessarily 100% correct). Going to the airport, onboard the bus tell the conductor that you want a stop at the airport.
A shuttle bus run by Pleso Transport Company operates between the airport and the city centre. If you ask locals for directions they will automatically point you towards this bus, but beware if you are travelling with another airline then this bus schedule is a bit irrelevant. A single ticket costs 30 kn (about €4). As of April 2010, it appears as if the shuttle bus meets all scheduled arriving flights even those not from Croatia Airlines. When exiting the terminal go to your right and you should see the buses.
Taxis will also take you into town. A taxi to Split centre (ferry port or Diocletian's Palace) takes a bit over 30 min and costs about 270 kn on the meter, though most drivers will agree on 220 if asked in advance. If your transferring to a ferry tell the driver the ferry departure time so he can rush if necessary. You can check prices at Split Airport Transfers.
If leaving Split by plane, be careful to plan the journey to the airport in advance, as local buses don't run before 5AM or after midnight.
Flights to and from Belgrade, Serbia were reintroduced in June 2012 after a 21-year hiatus. As of July there are four flights per week. As expected, there is massive demand for these planes, so book with Croatia Airlines or Jat Airways well in advance in order to get a cheaper ticket. If you are seated next to the window, you can catch a magnificent glimpse of Sarajevo from 21,000 feet.
Split train station is right in the city centre, it is a few minutes walk from the port and from the old town. Expect very friendly grannies to be waiting with signs saying "Sobe" (rooms) at all arrivals and they will jump on anyone with a backpack. The train station is rather basic, because train travel is not much used to Split.
Trains run between Split and Zagreb, Split and Perković (where you can change for Šibenik). Timetables can be found from Croatian Railways website [www]. Trains are generally slower than buses in Croatia, the price is approximately similar.
Trains to Perković through the picturesque valley/village of Primorski Dolac depart 5 times a day and stop in every station taking 1 hr exactly to do the journey. This is a very picturesque journey to make, and although Perković is simply a collection of houses you could get off and have a coffee or go for a walk in the hills before returning to Split. Connecting Trains leave Perković for Šibenik several times a day, and should be marked on the timetable in Split station.
Frequent buses run to and from Zagreb, Dubrovnik, Sibenik, Zadar, Rijeka etc. There are also regular buses to and from Mostar and Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina) (210 kn), Belgrade (Serbia), Trieste (Italy) and major cities of Germany and Austria. You can get detailed information on AK Split about departure and arrival times.
In the summer season there are more lines than off-season, for example in June–July-August, daily night buses to Banja Luka and Gradiska, north of Bosnia, as well as buses to Niš, Serbia twice a week.
On most intercity buses you pay a fee for luggage. This fee of about €0.5-€1 per piece of luggage is paid to the driver upon boarding. Some drivers are rather picky about being paid in exact change in the correct currency (sometimes a local currency, at other instances requesting to be paid in Euros) and sometimes also refuse to be paid in too small coins. So keep some change ready.
Local buses run to and from Trogir and Solin.
Ferries run three times a week across the Adriatic to and from Ancona and Pescara (Italy). There is also a large ferry that runs twice a week up and down the coast between Dubrovnik and Rijeka, stopping off at a couple of islands along the way.
Split is the main hub for local boats and hydrofoils in Central Dalmatia. Several a day run to and from Brac, Hvar, Solta, Vis, Korčula and Lastovo.
- Jadrolinija. State-owned sea shipping company. They have regular lines connecting the Croatian shore to its islands and with Italy.
- SNAV. Italian sea shipping company with ferries from Ancona to and from Split. Tickets starting at €30 for a single crossing without cabin.
- Blue Line International. Sea shipping company that operates between Croatia and Italy.
Transportation - Get Around
Central Split is quite compact and most sights can be easily seen and best experienced on foot, but there are frequent local buses to outlying attractions and the airport.
Public transit is organized by Promet. Most of the city buses in Split are new, but some are very old and dilapidated. Tickets can be bought at kiosks or from the bus driver. Only single-journey tickets can be bought in buses.
- Single ticket (bought in bus) - 11 kn
- Single ticket (bought at kiosk) - 8 kn
- Ticket for two journeys ('Pojedinačna karta za dva putovanja') - 18 kn
- Set of five double tickets ('Pretplatna Karnet karta') - 85 kn
- Monthly ticket ('mjesečna pokazna karta') - 290 kn
When you board the bus you must validate your ticket in the yellow machine or give it to the driver for validation.
Rent a bike and enjoy beautiful biking along Split's waterfront (Riva), continue to Marjan hill (approximately 7 km), climb to the top of the hill for great view on the Split town and surrounding islands. You can bike to the east side, along the coast to nearby village of Stobrec. Another great option from Split is to take a day tour to nearby islands of Solta, Brac, Hvar or Vis. You can take the bike on a regular ferry (they leave approximately every couple of hours in the summer season) and bike along quite roads and charming villages, explore great beaches and restaurants and return in the evening to Split!
Older but rideable mountain bikes are available for 15 kn/hour (March 2012) at the northern entrance to Marjan hill (near Mandalinski put).
Speed taxi boat is an excellent solution for fast transportation of passengers on whole Adriatic. Said service is available trough Dalmatia-express for direct transportation from airport Split to Split Riva or from Split Riva to Dalmatia islands.
If you don't know how to sail, there are a few companies that offer skippered charters in the area. If you are seeking something affordable, Antlos enables you to book boat holidays with local Skippers that offer trips around Split's coastline and visits to the neighbouring islands and if you're looking for something upmarket, there are many superyacht charter agencies such as Burgess Yachts, Navis Yacht Charter and Camper and Nicholsons.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
- Pazar, Stari Pazar 2. Green market with perfect fruit, vegetables and more. The best time to visit the market is Saturday morning.
- Ribarnica, Obrov 2. Fish market.
- Marmontova. Shopping street in the centre.
- Profil, Algoritam and VBZ. Bookshops with some English-language titles.
- City Center One, Vukovarska 207. daily 9AM-9PM, cinema and caffe bars 9AM-11PM. Opened in 2010. 3 floors (5 garage levels) and Cineplexx cinema.
- Joker Put Brodarice 6. Opened in 2007. 50 shops on 4 floors with Tommy supermarket, DM, Hervis sports shop, Deichmann and a McDonalds. 15-20 min walk from the city center with buses stopping near the front of the centre. There is a cinema on the first floor. The top floor has fitness club, restaurant and a sky barwith an outdoor swimming pool.
The most famous local delicates is Soparnik. It originates from nearby Poljica region (formerly known as Poljička Republika or Republic of Poljica in the Middle Ages). It is a dough filled with chard and baked in the fireplace. On top comes olive oil and garlic. You can find it on Pazar (green market).
Italian influences dominate on Croatia's coast, amongst the best are; Risotto with tender white scampi or black calamari, a dish beloved by all Croatians. A wide selection of salumi, magnificent Istrian and Dalmatian hams (Dalmatinski pršut - comparable to Parma or Speck) and cheese from the island of Pag, are well worth trying, as are the large varieties of excellent Croatian wines and beers.
Do not miss Dalmatian pašticada s njokama (Gnocchi).
Please note; in a world suffocating under the weight of processed foods, Croatia's coastal cuisine is unique in that most of its produce is organic.
Ćevapi or Ćevapčići (diminutive), are small grilled rolls of minced beef, pork, or lamb, or a combination of any of these three. Usually served with chopped onions, Kajmak (similar to clotted cream) or Ajvar (a relish made from bell peppers, aubergines, garlic and chilli). Ćevapi are traditional Bosnian dish and they are popular across the Balkans.
Split's eateries are to be found in a variety of settings, ranging from the romantic to the vibrant. It isn’t difficult to enjoy superb food and wine in a classical environment with good friends and/or family.
Plenty of fast food joints between the Old Town and the bus station.
- Nostromo, Kraj Svete Marije 10 (just off Marmontova). Good seafood and salad in a rather smoky ambience with friendly service. Main dish 60-200 kn.
- Picaferaj, Popovica 2 (a block W from Trg Republike). Varied menu, a couple of outside tables Main dish 55-150 kn.
- Cetina, Radunica 16, . Varied menu including local specialities, good value, friendly service (English spoken), no credit cards. Main dish 50-100 kn.
- Kod Joze, Sredmanuska 4, . The traditional family-runkonoba serves tasty dishes in style. Prices very reasonable considering the quality and atmosphere. Mains 50-120 kn.
- Panchos, Nepotova 3. Good Mexican place in the land of cevapcici. Staff is friendly, the place is nice, but a bit small. Mains 20-40 kn.
- Buffet Picaferaj, popovica 2. Small side street restaurant run by a young married couple, incredible food at a very fair price. Pasta with prawns and mussels is 70 kn.
- Fino Friško, Čulića dvori 2. Because of its proximity to school, this bakery always has fresh and tasty food.
- Mala kuća, Domovinskog rata 27d, Put firula 39. daily 9AM-12 midnight. Fast food with delicious marinated chicken grill sandwich (20 kn).
- Popaj, Pojišanska b.b., Šetalište Ivana Meštrovića b.b.. Mo-Th winter 8AM-12 midnight, summer 8AM-1AM, Fr-Sa winter 8AM-1PM, summer 8AM-2PM, Su winter 3PM-12 midnight, summer 3PM-1AM. The most popular fast food in Split with great pizzeta (small pizza, 10 kn) and very big ham sandwich (14 kn).
- Hajduk, Matošića 4. The best ice cream in town with big selection of flavours. Yogurt icecreams 7 kn.
- Pizzeria Bakra, Radovanova 2. 10AM-11PM. Definitely one of the best Pizza in town, baked on fireplace.
- Biser Orijenta, Bihaćka 2a (top floor of Lavčević building). 11:30AM-midnight.Good "European Chinese" cuisine. Not too popular among the locals, but the prices are fair and the service is friendly. Mains 50-70 kn, duck and seafood dishes up to 120 kn.
- Konoba Marjan, Senjska, 1, . Risottos, pasticada (marinaded veal cooked in sauce), and excellent fish. Prices are very reasonable and the staff very friendly. English spoken.
- Fife, Trumbiceva obala 11 (across the bay from the ferry terminal). Lively and busy restaurant with lots of seating and deliciously large Croatian dishes. Mains 40-80 kn.
- Kod Sfinge Vanevropske Zviri, Ulica Kraj Svetog Ivana 2 (Inside Diocletian's Palace, inbetween Jupiter's temple and Peristil), . A Konoba/Trattoria. Good Dalmatian specialities: Pašticada, Paški sir, etc... Also propose good seafood catch of the day, but sometime unavailable. Seems to be operated by a single familly: The waiters knows very well the menu! Pašticada for 150 kn.
Coffe & Drink
Dalmatia is well known for its world class wines, but when in Split it is a must to try soda drinks called Pipi and Orela, produced by local beverage manufacturer Dalmacijavino.
Lots of outdoor cafés are to be found along the Riva seafront.
- St Riva (Riva seafront). Has an upper story that overlooks the promenade. 20 kn a pint.
- Shook, Mihovilova sirina 4 (In the heart of Old Town). Chill out cafe/bar with electronic beat in a busy passageway. 15 kn a pint.
- Gaga Bar (tucked away in a corner, just off Narodni Trg). Cosy atmosphere, long list of cocktails, latin music. Ask for a bill, because one round is 100 kn, and then second one (the same one) may be 150 kn. Atmosphere is nice, but the waiters are not. More tourists than locals. Pint 20 kn, cocktails 20-35 kn.
- Tonik Juice Bar, Ban Mladenova 5 (one block west of Riva's end). Fresh made juices, smoothies and coffee. Smoothie 30 kn.
- Buffet Picaferaj, Popovica 2. A small restaurant on a side street that serves fresh seafood dishes. Run by a young married couple. Pasta with fresh prawns and mussels is 70 kn (about €11).
- Na kantunu, Dominisova 9 (within the Diocletian palace). After 3 rounds waiter will bring traditional rakija with honey (medica)-nice and strong. Supporters of Hajduk Split are there, so when there is a match in Split it may become too crowded. It is probable the smallest bar in Split with just 8 tables inside in a 15 m² space. Great atmosphere and a cappuccino is 8 kn. In front of the cafe bar there are few tables where you can sit if the weather is nice. Karlovačko beer only 12 kn (about €1.7) a pint, Velebitsko beer is 15 kn a pint.
Sights & Landmarks
A UNESCO World Heritage site. The historic centre of Split is built around the remains of this Roman palace. You only need to wander around to experience it but you can also pay to visit the excavated remains of the basement of the palace. The palace has well preserved main streets cardo anddecumanus. Roman palace is enriched with some gothic and reinassance buildings which makes a perfect match. Palace has 4 monumental gates Porta Aurea (Zlatna vrata, Golden gate), Porta Argenta (Srebrna vrata, Silver gate), Porta Ferrea (Željezna vrata, Iron gate) and Porta Aenea (Mjedena vrata). It is probably the best preserved Roman palace in the world.
- Peristylium (Peristil square). Main square of Diocletian's palace with well preserved Roman architecture.
- Katedrala sv. Duje (St. Duje's cathedral). Originally built around 305 AD as a mausoleum of Roman emperor Diocletian's (the oldest cathedral building in the world). Cathedral is also a very beautiful mixture of Roman temple and Catholic church. It also has a beautiful belltower which provides you a great panoramic view of Split, nearby islands and Marjan hill.
- Jupiter temple (Cathedral's baptistry). Ancient Roman temple which became St. John's church. 5 Kn.
- Getski vrtal, Ul. Dominisova. is the smallest park in Split, situated in the Diocletian's palace at the Dominisova street (Marko Antonio De Dominis street). In that park are beautiful traditional Dalmatian tiramolas. During the summer these are full of clothes drying in the sunshine. In every guidebook about Split you have pictures from the Getski vrtal. It is the location of a 500 yr old stone house which was destroyed during World War II.
- Two original Egyptian sphinxes- One is located on Peristil square, and the other in front of Jupiter's temple or St. John's church. They were brought from Egypt by Roman emperor Diocletian.
Beyond the Diocletian's Palace
- Riva is the main city promenade. Since 2007. Riva has a new, "modern" look, which is not accepted by most of the people.
- Marjan - a hill situated on the west of Split. Marjan is an oasis for many people who look for a natural stress relief, a great place for long walks, jogging, and bike rides. Marjan's peak, Telegrin is 174 m high and gives a wonderful panoramic view of Split. South cliffs are popular within alpine climbers. St. Nicholas church is situated on the east of Marjan, on its south side are beautiful St. Jeronimus church and "Gospe od Betlema" church (Madonna of Betlehem). House building is strictly forbidden in order to save Marjan - the lungs of Split.
- Varoš - one of the oldest parts of town. A place where lived most of the city peasants and fishermen. Charming streets and beautiful small houses.
- Galerija Meštrović. The gallery contains works of Ivan Meštrović, famous Croatian sculptor.
- Archaeological Museum. The oldest museum in Croatia (1820), about 20 min walk north of the old town (entry 20 kn). Many artifacts and monuments from Roman colonies Salona and Narona.
- Old graveyards. Sustipan and old Jewish cemetery
Museums & Galleries
The Archaeological Museum (Arheološki muzej) main collection is housed at Zrinsko-Frankopanska 25 in Split. There is also a branch building in Solin (Salona and TusculumCollection) and two regional centres at Vid near Metkovic (Narona Collection), and on the island of Vis (Issa Collection). The Split Archaeological Museum is the oldest museum institution in Croatia, founded in 1820 by the decree of the Dalmatian government in Zadar. Some 150,000 artifacts cover prehistoric times, the period ofGreek colonization of the Adriatic, RomanProvincial and Early Christian era to the earlyMiddle Ages and the period of Croatian popular rulers). Of special interest is the collection of stone inscriptions from Salona and the collections of Graeco-Hellenistic ceramic objects, Roman glass, ancient clay lamps, bone and metal articles, as well as the collection of gems. In addition, the museum houses an extensive collection of ancient and medieval coins, a submarine achaeological collection, and a rich archive library.
The Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments (Croatian: Muzej hrvatskih arheoloških spomenika ) is the only museum in Croatia dedicated to researching and presenting cultural artifacts of the Croats in the Middle Ages, between the 7th and 15th centuries, particularly the time of the early medieval Croatian state from 9th to 12th century. The collection of early medieval wicker, clay figurines, and old Croatian Latin epigraphic monuments is the largest collection of its kind in Europe.
The Split City Museum (Croatian: Muzej Grada Splita) at Papalićeva 1, is housed in the former Papalić Palace. The collection presents the urban, cultural, artistic and economic heritage of the city. The museum is also home to the Emanuel Vidović Gallery, dedicated to the most important Split painter of the 20th century.
The Ethnographical Museum (Croatian: Etnografski muzej) at Severova 1, has a wide range of ethnographic content mainly from Dalmatia. Founded in 1910, the museum collects original and contemporary applications of traditional heritage. They also track contemporary popular culture living with traces of old foundations and preserve and promote the value of folk heritage, renewing them and presenting exhibitions.
The Croatian Maritime Museum (Croatian: Hrvatski pomorski muzej) at Glagoljaška 18 - Tvrđava Gripe has a collection of marine equipment and supplies, weapons and navigation equipment, medals, ship models, uniforms and equipment, and related artwork. A permanent exhibition is planned to complete the presentation of military maritime and naval history, with a presentation that covers the period from the arrival of the Slavs to the present day.
Split Science museum and Zoo (Croatian: Prirodoslovni musej i zooloski vrt) located at Kolombatovićevo šetalište 2 on the Marjan peninsula.
The Gallery of Fine Arts (Croatian: Galerija umjetnina), located at Kralja Tomislava 15, is an art museum that contains works from the 14th century to the present day providing an overview of the artistic developments in the local art scene. The gallery was founded in 1931, and has a permanent exhibition of paintings and sculptures that includes works by major Croatian artists such as Vlaho Bukovac, Mato Celestin Medović, Branislav Dešković, Ivan Meštrović, Emanuel Vidović and Ignjat Job. The gallery also has an extensive collection of icons, and holds special exhibits of works by contemporary artists. In May 2009, the gallery opened its new premises in the old Split Hospital building behind Diocletian's Palace.
The Ivan Meštrović Gallery (Croatian: Galerija Meštrović), on the Marjan peninsula is an art museum dedicated to the work of the 20th-century sculptor, Ivan Meštrović. The gallery displays some of his most significant work, and the building itself is an art monument. The permanent collection includes works of sculpture, drawings,design, furniture and architecture. The gallery building and grounds were based on original plans by Meštrović himself, and included living and working areas, as well as exhibition spaces. Not far from the Gallery lies Kaštelet-Crikvine, a restored chapel that houses a set of wooden wall panels carved by Ivan Meštrović.
Things to do
- Split city beach (Continue south past the busstation, follow the road which goes by the tracks, and from the bridge over the tracks you can take a stairs down to the beach.). If you have a longer stop-over in Split, just 5 mins south of the passenger terminal and the train and bus stations lies Splits city beach where you can take a plunge in the Adriatic. free.
- Sunbathe and swim on the beach at Bačvice. To reach this beach walk south along the waterfront from the bus station and then follow the road that crosses the railway line. There are many cafes and places to eat ice cream. This is certainly not the best beach in Croatia (it is packed solid most of summer), but it will give you a feeling of 'real' Croatia as the vast majority of people who go there are from Split. There are also beaches around hill Marjan. Most popular are Kaštelet, Kašjuni and beautiful pine forest beach Bene. On Bene beach there is a restaurant and a recreation centre. Bus No. 12 travels there.
- Climb the campanile bell tower next to the palace mausoleum. The stairs cling to the inside of the tower, and in places the steps cross the large open window spaces. The ascent is certainly not for those with vertigo, but the views from the top are marvelous. It costs only 10 kn to go up the bell tower.
- The historic core of Split with Diocletian palace is among the first urban complexes to enter the list of the UNESCO world heritage in year 1979. Most probably this one of a kind Imperial Palace was built from 298-305 AD and is one of the most significant original structures of the period mostly because so much of it has been preserved. Later this Palace contributed to the broadening of the town because as the city evolved beyond its walls. The unique substructure halls were newley explored and each year more of them are opened to the public. Some have fascinating artefacts on display. May - Oct 10AM-12 noon-7PM (?). Nov-Apr, opens at 11AM, duration 90 min. In English language. Starts in front of the tourist info centre, please arrive 15 min before tour is due to commence.
- Snorkelling Experience. Snorkelling and diving Experience by boat from Split harbour. Licenced PADI diving center.
- Green Market (Pazar). Split's Pazar is the place to go for a variety of wares such as fruits and veggies, clothing and other odds and ends. Lots of local colour and excitement.
- Picigin, Bačvice. Traditional beach game with a small ball (Bačvice beach). In summer every year there is a world championship in picigin.
- Grgur Ninski. It is said that if you touch the big toe of the statue and make a wish your wish will come true.
- Bike tour, , e-mail: [email protected]. Day tour with hybrid, road or e-bike. Explore the old town of Split and Marjan hill. You can also just rent a bike (some also available at northern entrance to Marjan hill) and explore the city on your own.
- Poljud stadium. Poljud stadium known to locals as "Poljudska Ljepotica" (Poljud Beauty")is a second largest stadium in Croatia and has a capacity of 36,000 people. The stadium was originally constructed by the Yugoslavian government as part of the facilities for the 1979 Mediterranean Games and was oficially opened by Josip Broz Tito, who was avowed fan of the team who play their home games in Poljud HNK Hajduk Split. By far the most important and revered sports team in Dalmatia, a dedicated fanbase around the world has followed Hajduk throughout the team's history. There are numerous anecdotes about Hajduk never played without at least some of their loyal fans in the stands, the Torcida. It is the oldest supporters group in Europe. If you are going to visit some match do not go on north part, which is the cheapest one, that part is reserved for Torcida.
There are lots of companies running boats, such as Busabout, Topdeck and Contiki.
The majority of sailing charters start from the city of Split. There are many charter agencies where you can charter a sailing or motor yacht which are based in Split. Most of them operate from ACI marina Split, marina Zenta or marina Spinut. There are also many charter agencies based in marina Kastela which is based in the vicinity of Split.
When you charter a yacht through a charter agency and arrive to the designated marina there are a few things that need to be done.
The most important thing is the yacht check in (usually Saturday around 4PM). Take your time doing yacht check in. Familiarise yourself with the chartered yacht and with the yacht equipment. The rule of thumb is the more time you take for the yacht check in, the less time you will need for the yacht check out.
After that you have to do the shopping for the charter vacation. Don't neglect the groceries shopping because the sea is unpredictable and you don't want to get stuck on the boat without sufficient provisions of food and drink.
You can do the shopping in a marina although the prices are usually much higher there, or you can order from yacht provisioning services who usually deliver the products to the marina at no extra fee. In Jam Yacht Supply offer an online provisioning catalogue and you can order from a large selection of groceries and other products months in advance, everything you order awaits for you at the marina.
- Daily boat tours, . Daily boat tours from Split to Hvar, Brac and other attractions such as Blue Cave, Green Cave and more.
- Daily sailing tours, , e-mail: info[email protected].Daily sailing tours from Split to Brac, Hvar and other nearby destinations.
- Yacht charter Split, Rogač, , e-mail:[email protected]. 08h-19h. One of the most popular yacht charter spots, Split is considered by many to be the starting point to any exploration route of the central Dalmatian coast.
- Yachting ACI Marina in Split, Uvala Baluni 8 HR-21000 Split, , e-mail: [email protected]. 08h-19h. ACI Marina in Split is located on the left side of the bay in Split. It is purposed for touristic sailing yachts and motorboats not longer than 20 metres. Bigger boats and gullets are not allowed to anchor there - they should stay in main Split harbour. Marina is equipped with parking places, small market. GPS coordinates for sailors: N 43° 30' 155 E 16° 25' 801.
There are many clubs on Bačvice beach.
- Imperium restaurant & lounge bar, Gat Sv Duje bb (ferry terminal), . Nice high-end interior with acceptable prices and spectacular view of old town of Split. House music, world known DJs and parties.
- O´Hara, Uvala Zenta 3. Rock and pop music on two floors.
- Vanilla Club, Poljudsko šetalište b.b.. Fancy place by the swimming pool with popular domestic and foreign music.
- Hemingway Bar, VIII Mediteranskih igara 5. Extremely fancy club.
- Quasimodo, Gundulićeva 26. Rock and underground music. Mostly full with local alternatives.
Safety in Split
Do not go to striptease bars because they are a tourist trap