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Aalborg is an industrial and university city in the North of Jutland, Denmark. It has an urban population of 112,194, making it the fourth most populous city in Denmark. With a population of 210,316 (as of 1 January 2016), the Municipality of Aalborg is the third most populous in the country after Copenhagen and Aarhus. By road Aalborg is 64 kilometres (40 mi) southwest of Frederikshavn, and 118 kilometres (73 mi) north of Aarhus.
The earliest settlements date to around AD 700. Aalborg's position at the narrowest point on the Limfjord made it an important harbour during the Middle Ages, and later a large industrial centre. Architecturally, the city is known for its half-timbered mansions built by its prosperous merchants. Budolfi Church, now a cathedral, dates from the end of the 14th century and Aalborghus Castle, a royal residence, was built in 1550. Today, Aalborg is a city in transition from aworking-class industrial area to a knowledge-basedcommunity. A major exporter of grain, cement, and spirits, its thriving business interests include Siemens Wind Power,Aalborg Industries, and Aalborg Portland. These companies have become global producers of wind turbine rotors, marine boilers and cement.
With its theatres, symphony orchestra, opera company,performance venues, and museums such as Aalborg Historical Museum and theAalborg Museum of Modern Art, Aalborg is an important cultural hub. The Aalborg Carnival, held at the end of May, is one of the largest festivals in Scandinavia, attracting some 100,000 people annually. The major university is the University of Aalborg, founded in 1974, which has more than 17,000 students. The University College of Northern Denmark is one of seven new regional organisations while the Royal School of Library and Information Science (RSLIS) provides higher education in library and information science.Trænregimentet, the Danish regiment for army supply and emergency medical personnel, is also in Aalborg. Aalborg University Hospital, the largest in the north of Jutland, was founded in 1881.
The football club Aalborg BK, established in 1885 and based at Nordjyske Arena, won the Danish Superliga in the 1994–95 season, the 1998–99 season, the 2007–08 season and the 2013–14 season. Other sports associations include the women's handball club Aalborg DH, the rugby club Aalborg RK, and Aalborg Cricket Club. Aalborg Railway Station, on John F. Kennedys Pladshas connected the city to Randers and the south since 1869. Aalborg Airport is just 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) northwest of the city centre, and the E45, a European route from Karesuando, Sweden, to Gela, Italy, passes through Aalborg.
The European Commission has concluded that the citizens of Aalborg are the most satisfied people in Europe with their city.
|POPULATION :||• City 112,194|
• Municipal 210,316
|FOUNDED :||June 16, 1342|
|TIME ZONE :||Central Europe Time (UTC+1)|
|AREA :||• Urban 139 km2 (54 sq mi)|
• Municipal 1,144 km2 (442 sq mi)
|ELEVATION :||5 m (16 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||57°03′N 09°55′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.62%|
• Female: 50.38%
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :||9000, 9008, 9020, 9100, 9200, 9210, 9220, 9400|
|DIALING CODE :||(+45) 9|
Despite its industrial background and the factories along its waterfront, the city has gained popularity for tourism in recent years, offering a wide variety of attractions and historic buildings in addition to its museums, churches and parks.
Jens Bang's House , on Østerågade near the old town hall, is one of Denmark's best examples of 17th-century domestic architecture. Built in 1624 by the Aalborg merchant Jens Bang in the Dutch Renaissance style, the four-story sandstone building is noted for its rising gables and sculpted auricular window decorations. For over 300 years, it has housed the city's oldest pharmacy.
Jørgen Olufsen's House (Jørgen Olufsens Gård) on Østerågade is Denmark's best preserved merchant's mansion in the Renaissance style. Built mainly of sandstone in 1616, it also has a half-timbered section. The style is reminiscent of similar buildings in the north of Germany and in the Netherlands. Olufsen, Jens Bang's half brother, was not only a successful merchant but also mayor of Aalborg. When it was built, the residence with its integrated warehouse was on the Østerå, an inlet from the sound with access for barges. The old iron bar with a hook for scales can be seen in the portico.
Aalborghus Castle (Aalborghus Slot) is a half-timbered building with red-painted woodwork and whitewashed wall panels. It was built in the mid-16th century by King Christian III for his vassals who collected taxes and is the only remaining example of its kind in the country. The park, dungeon and casemates, but not the castle itself, are open to the public in the summer months. In the 1950s, the castle was converted into administrative offices.
Aalborg's old city hall in Gammeltorv, in service until 1912, was built in 1762. It is now only used for ceremonial and representative purposes. Designed in the Late Baroque style, the building with its black-glazed tile roof consists of two storeys and a cellar. The yellow-washed façade is decorated with whitepilasters and a frontispiece featuring the Danish coat of arms and a bust of King Frederick V. His motto, Prudentia et Constantia, is also seen above the main entrance. The well-preserved door is an example of the Rococo style. The building was listed by the Danish Heritage Agency in 1918.
Another old building of note is the half-timbered Håndværkerhuset (at Kattesunded 20) from c. 1625, which originally housed a number of warehouses. It is now used as a centre for arts and crafts. Finally, the headquarters of Danish Distillers (De Danske Spritfabrikker), to the west of the Limfjord Bridge, is noted for its Neoclassical appearance. Completed in 1931 by the architect Alf Cock-Clausen, it combines functionality with decorative classical symbolism. Considered a masterpiece of Danish factory design, it is now a Danish National Heritage site. When the factory closed in 2014, was the area bought by an investor, who will use the buildings to create an international culture city with museums, theatres, apartments etc.
Jomfru Ane Gade (literally Virgin Anne's Street) is one of the most famous streets in Aalborg if not in Denmark. Popular for its cafés and restaurants during the day, it is even busier at night with its clubs, discos and bars. During the 1990s, the street was infamously a 'hang out' of two biker gangs who were at war for some years all over Scandinavia. As the bikers disappeared it became increasingly popular for people of all ages. The pedestrian hubs of Nytorv Square and John F. Kennedy Square in the central city area are also part of the cityscape.
Aalborgtårnet is a tripod tower erected in 1933 with a restaurant on the top. The tower itself is 55 m (180 ft) high; but as it stands on the top of the Skovbakken hill, it reaches a total height of 105 m (344.49 ft) above sea level, providing a view over the sound and the city. Designed by Carlo Odgård, it was erected in 1933 in connection with the North Jutland Fair.
In 2008, the Utzon Center, its art, architecture and design credited to the noted architect Jørn Utzon, is also dedicated to him . It was built next to the Limfjord at the central harbour front in Aalborg. Born in Copenhagen, Utzon grew up in Aalborg. The centre contains an exhibition on Utzon's work, which includes the Sydney Opera House, as well as educational displays on architecture and design. The centre consists of several individual buildings creating a special place around a courtyard on a platform. The tall sculptural roofs of the auditorium and the boat-hall, both on the harbour front, and the library facing the park area and the city are set off by the lower roofs of the exhibition and workshop areas inside the complex.
The area around the narrowest point on the Limfjord attracted settlements as far back as the Iron Age leading to a thriving Viking community until around the year 1000 in what has now become Aalborg. In the Middle Ages, royal trading privileges, a natural harbour and a thriving herring fishing industry contributed to the town's growth. Despite the difficulties it experienced over the centuries, the city began to prosper once again towards the end of the 19th century when a bridge was built over Limfjord and the railway arrived. Aalborg's initial growth relied on heavy industry but its current development focuses on culture and education.
Aalborg traces its history back over a thousand years. It was originally settled as a trading post because of its position on the Limfjord. The sites of what were two settlements and a burial ground can be seen on Lindholm Høje, a hill overlooking the city. These large settlements, one from the 6th-century Germanic Iron Age, the other from theViking Age in the 9th to 11th centuries, evolved at the narrowest point on Limfjord as a result of the traffic between Himmerland to the south and Vendsyssel to the north.
The first mention of Aalborg under its original name Alabu or Alabur is found on coins from c. 1040, the period when King Harthacnut (Hardeknud) settled in the area. In c. 1075, Adam of Bremen reported that Alaburg, as he called it in German, was an important harbour for ships sailing to Norway. In Valdemar's Danish Census Book from 1231 it was called Aleburgh, possibly meaning "the fort by the stream" as in Old Norse all meant a stream or current and bur orburgh a fort or a castle. The Church of Our Lady in Aalborg was originally built in the early 12th century but was demolished during the Reformation. Grey Friar Convent, on the east side of Østerå, was probably built around 1240; it was documented in 1268 when it was a Franciscan Convent of the Order of Friars Minor, but like many other Roman Catholic monasteries and convents was shut down in 1530 as a result of the Reformation.
Aalborg's earliest trading privileges date from 1342, when King Valdemar IV received the town as part of his huge dowry on marrying Helvig of Schleswig. The privileges were extended by Eric of Pomerania in 1430 and by Christopher of Bavaria in 1441. The town prospered, becoming one of the largest communities in Denmark. Its prosperity increased when the merchant- and trade association Guds Legems Laug was established in 1481, facilitating trade with the Hanseatic League, especially from 1516 when Christian II granted it a monopoly in salting Limfjord's herring. The king frequently visited the town, where he held court and stayed in the old Aalborghus. The herring fishery linked Aalborg to the East coast of England, across the North Sea, both in commercial competition and cultural exchange. During the Middle Ages a number of important institutions were established in Aalborg, including Budolfi Cathedral in the late 14th century and the Hospital of the Holy Ghost, a monastery and nunnery founded in 1451 to help those in need. It was converted into a hospital during the Reformation and is still in use today as a nursing home for the elderly.
In 1530 a large part of the town was destroyed by fire, and in December 1534 it was stormed and plundered by the king's troops after a peasants' revolt known as the Count's Feud led by Skipper Clement. It resulted in the death of up to 2,000 people. The Reformation in 1536 brought about the demolition of the town's two monasteries. As a result of the Reformation, Aalborg became a Lutheran bishopric in 1554.
17th to 19th centuries
From the 1550s to the 1640s, as a result of increased foreign trade, Aalborg enjoyed great prosperity, second only to that of Copenhagen. The population grew in parallel with the development of many fine buildings in the city as merchants benefitted from their shipping routes from Norway to Portugal. In 1663, the city suffered yet another serious fire, which destroyed the tower of Budolfi Church.
During the second half of the 18th century, Aalborg entered a further period of prosperity. In Erik Pontoppidan's Danske Atlas (Danish Atlas) it was described as "after Copenhagen, the best and most prosperous market town in Denmark". The population grew from 4,160 in 1769 to 5,579 in 1801. In 1767, the second newspaper ever published in Denmark appeared in the city.
After Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in 1814, Aalborg lost its important role as the country's centre for Norwegian trade. Its former prosperity also suffered as a result of difficulties with the herring industry as the fish disappeared after the sea breached the Agger Tange (which had linked Thy with the rest of Jutland at the western end of Limfjord) in the 1825 North Sea storm. The after effects of the state bankruptcy in 1813 also contributed to widespread poverty in the city. In the mid-19th-century, Aalborg was overtaken by Aarhus as the largest city in Jutland. Towards the end of the 19th century there was however an upturn. In 1865, the pontoon bridge over Limfjord was completed, and in 1869, the railway reached the city with a railway bridge over the sound to Vendsyssel three years later. The harbour facilities were also improved, making Aalborg Denmark's second port. Aalborg became the country's main producer of tobacco products and spirits, followed in the 1890s by fertilisers and cement. By 1901, the population had increased to almost 31,500.
20th century industrialisation
Around the beginning of the 20th century, as a result of decisions taken by the municipality, many of the city's half-timbered houses were torn down. They were replaced by hundreds of modern buildings, completely changing the look of the city. Factories with smoking chimneys became ever more prevalent in the outskirts. Among the most important were De Danske Spritfabrikker (spirits and liquors), De forenede Textilfabrikker (textiles), the East Asiatic Company(trading), Dansk Eternit (building materials) and C.W. Obel's tobacco factory (established in 1787). Aalborg Portland run by F.L. Smidth was one of several cement factories operating in 1913, together employing some 800 workers. By the 1930s, Aalborg was being promoted as "Denmark's new centre for industry and workers". Replanning continued with additional thoroughfares cutting through the city. The port facilities were also improved with the help of a dredger and the opening of new docks. In 1933, Christian X inaugurated a new bridge over Limfjord to replace the fragile pontoon crossing.
Aalborg Airport, officially opened in 1938 because of the success of the cement industry, had in fact operated flights to Copenhagen since 1936. During the German invasion of Denmark in 1940, the airport was captured by German paratroopers on the night of the 21 April as a base for German aircraft flying to Norway. On 13 August 1940, a dozen Bristol Blenheim bombers of No. 82 Squadron RAF were launched against the Luftwaffe airfield during one of the most disastrous Royal Air Force raids of the war. One turned back because of fuel problems, but all of the remaining 11 were shot down by enemy fighters and/or flak batteries within 20 minutes. After the war, the Royal Air Force destroyed all the German facilities including planes, hangars and equipment but left the passenger facilities intact.
By 1960, Aalborg had become known as the "city of smoking chimneys" with half of the inhabitants working in industry or manufacturing. Ten years later, Aalborg's population had grown to around 97,000 inhabitants.
The significance of Aalborg's industry began to decline in the 1970s, precipitating a fall in the city's population until about 1990 when it again began to increase. By the year 2000, the service and education sectors accounted for about 60 percent of the workforce, partly as a result of the founding of Aalborg University in 1974. Since 1970, Aalborg and the northern suburb of Nørresundby have become a major administrative centre, thanks in part to the offices of the Region Nordjylland established in the east of the city. In addition to large industrial companies including Aalborg Portland, the only cement-producing company in the country, and the building products company Eternit, many small and medium-sized enterprises have been established. The telecommunications and information technology sector has developed with the support of Aalborg University and the North Jutland knowledge park NOVI.
The First European Conference on Sustainable Cities and Towns took place in Aalborg in 1994. It adopted the Aalborg Charter, which provides a framework for the delivery of local sustainable development and calls on local authorities to engage in Local Agenda 21 processes. The Fourth European Sustainable Cities and Towns Conference, held in Aalborg in 2004, adopted the more binding Aalborg Commitments on local sustainable development. The commitments have now been signed by 650 local authorities while over 2,500 have signed the earlier Aalborg Charter.
Aalborg is cool most of the year, with average high temperatures of around 20 °C (68 °F) and lows of 11 °C (52 °F) during the summer, and average temperatures of −3 to 2 °C (27 to 36 °F) during the coldest months of January and February, rarely dropping below −10 °C (14 °F). The warmest months are typically July and August, with an average temperature of 16 °C (61 °F), but by October the temperature averages 9 °C (48 °F). June has the highest number of hours of sunshine on average at 218, closely followed by May and July. Precipitation is rather evenly distributed all year around, with an average of 76 mm (3 in) during October, normally the wettest month with an average 14 days with rainfall, and an average of 35 mm (1 in) during February, normally the driest month with an average of eight days of precipitation, closely followed by April.
Climate data for Aalborg
|Record high °C (°F)||10.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.2|
|Source: Danish Meteorological Institute|
Aalborg is in North Jutland(northwestern Denmark), at the narrowest point of the Limfjord, a shallow sound that separates North Jutlandic Island(Vendsyssel-Thy) from the rest of the Jutland Peninsula and connects Aalborg to the Kattegat about 35 kilometres (22 mi) to the east. Aalborg is 118 km (73 mi) north of Aarhus, 82 km (51 mi) north of Randers, and 64 km (40 mi) southwest of Frederikshavn. It is 414 km (257 mi) by Great Belt Fixed Link to Copenhagen, 150 km (93 mi) by the Frederikshavn-Göteborg ferry to Gothenburg in Sweden, and 363 km (226 mi) by the Frederikshavn-Oslo ferry to Oslo in Norway.
The area close to the waterfront is low-lying, with an elevation averaging about 5 metres (16 ft), but there are many hills in and around city, some reaching over 60 m (200 ft). Nørresundby, on the northern side of the sound, is also a hilly area. Villages to the south of Aalborg from west to east include Frejlev, Svenstrup, and Gistrup (which contains extensive woodland to the south as well as a golf club). Klarup and Storvorde lie to the southeast along the 595 road, which, flanking a stretch of the Limfjord known as Langerak, leads to the town of Hals. Nibe, with a harbour on the Limfjord, is 21 kilometres (13 mi) to the southwest, past the village of Frejlev. The Nibe Broads (Nibe Bredning) in the Limfjord not only has the largest eelgrass belts in Danish waters but is an important sanctuary for thousands of migratory birds.To the north of the city, villages include Vadum, Aabybro, Vestbjerg, Sulsted, Tylstrup, Vodskov, and Hjallerup. There is an extensive plantation, Branths Plantage - Møgelbjerg, immediately north of Vodskov.
The Himmerland region to the south still has a number of moors which once formed a vast area of heathland extending 35 km (22 mi) to the Rold Forest near Arden. Rebild Hills in the Rold Forest stretch over 425 acres (172 ha) of rolling heath country about 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Aalborg. Lille Vildmose, to the southeast, is reported to be the largest high moor in north-western Europe.
Aalborg is North Jutland's major industrial and commercial centre, exporting grain, cement, and spirits. Heavy industry was behind the city's prosperity until fairly recently. Many of the factories have now closed, to be replaced by developments in the knowledge-based and green-energy sectors. Mobile and wireless communications industries have grown substantially since the 1990s, as has rotor production for wind turbines.
In January 2011, there were some 9,200 enterprises in Aalborg, employing around 109,000 people or approximately 35% of the workforce of the Northern Region. In the 2010s, the city is set on increasing its participation in the global economy through both existing companies and new entrants. Its efforts are focused on four areas: energy and environment, information technology, health support systems and "Arctic business". The latter covers trade with Greenland as Aalborg handles over 60% of all goods shipped to Greenland. Four harbours dot the waterfront, Marina Fjordparken, Skudehavnen, Vestre Badehavn, and Østre Havn. Tourism is also growing, with a considerable rise in the number of passengers at Aalborg Airport. Aalborg Municipality has Denmark's second highest revenue from tourism and is the only municipality in the north of Denmark where overnight stays are increasing.
Prices in Aalborg
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€1.85|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€8.00|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€36.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€60.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€90.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€9.00|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€4.70|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€4.70|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€9.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.09|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€6.00|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€2.00|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€92.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€100.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€2.80|
81 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
262 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Norwegian and SAS have flights from Copenhagen to Aalborg, while Norwegian also offers international direct flights from European cities. The airport is the third largest in Denmark and is located north of the city. Take Bus no 2 or a taxi (very expensive!) to town. The bus is infrequent on weekends and evenings, and stops the service rather early (around 23:00). If you arrive very late, have little luggage and small budget, you can walk ~2km until the Lindholm train station. Bus or train to the center should be still available after midnight.
Aalborg is on the Copenhagen, Roskilde, Odense, Aarhus Line. 4½ hours/DKK 402 to Copenhagen.
Aalborg Busterminal on John F Kennedy Plads (The John F Kennedy square, phone: 98 12 87 13) right by the station is a large regional hub for long distance, regional and local buses. Express buses (XBus [www]) leaves several times per day towards Aarhus (via Hadsund), Løgstør, Holstebro, Viborg (via Silkeborg) and Esbjerg. In addition regional buses (locally known as rutebil) connects to nearly every city of some size in North Eastern Jutland.
- Abilskou route 888 [www] to Copenhagen takes 5 hours, DKK 250 (DKK 430 return).
From Frederikshavn: Use the E45 southbound to Aalborg.
From Hirtshals: Use the E39 southbound to Aalborg.
From Aarhus: Use the E45 northbound to Aalborg.
There are ferries from Norway/Sweden/UK coming to North Jutland (Hirtshals or Frederikshavn). From there you can take bus or train to Aalborg.
Transportation - Get Around
In the center it easy to walk by foot. To go further, there is a good public bus system (20 DKK for 1.5h if you pay cash, 12 DKK after 18:00). The buses don't go at night, and taxis are very expensive. The best way is still to get around by bicycle, you can rent one close to tourist information office or at several other locations using the city-bike system. There is also a city bike scheme where you may borrow a bicycle after giving a 20 DKK deposit. For longer stays, a better option is buying one. Police has auctions once per month, you can ask about them in the police station.
Nørresundby is north of Limfjordsbroen.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
Cheapest supermarkets are Netto, Fakta, Aldi, Lidl and Rema 1000. Working hours are 9-20 on weekdays and 8-17 on Saturdays. Aldi is open 10-16 on Sundays.
- Algade and Bispensgade. Main shopping streets. Most shops close at 6PM M-F and 2PM Sa, Su shops are closed unless it is a special Sunday (usually first of the month).
- Medinaen, Reberbansgade, Urbansgade, Holbergsgade and Jens Bangs Gade.Shopping area with a number of unique small shops.
- Salling, Algade. Department store.
- Wet Market, Aagade. Sa, We mornings.
There are several restaurants in Jomfru Ane Gade (Jomfru Ane street). In the city there are around 300 restaurants.
- Fontænen: has the cheapest hot dogs in town, low budget fast food, what you need after a night out.
- 1000fryd. an alternative bar, vegan dinner on Tuesdays for 20dk. You have to sign up before.
- KN Pizza & Kebab 2. a small pizza place known for its quality food, but it is not cheap actually quiet the opposite.
- San Giovanni. Good Italian restaurant
- Friends : nice location toward the street junction & have the option to stay out.I eat salmon salad with mixed fruit cocktail juice for 90 dk, but make sure to have Krona since they are not accepting Euro.
- Emiki Pizza : small pizza place & friendly staff I took veggie pizza with Coke for 45dk.
Sights & Landmarks
- Aalborg Akvavit. Distillery.
- Aalborghus Castle (Aalborghus Slot). A castle and garden from the 16th century.
- Aalborg Tower, Søndre Skovvej 30.
- Aalborg Townhall, Gammel Torv 2, . Built in 1759.
- Aalborg Zoo. Cosy zoo with many "classic" zoo animals such as giraffes, elephants and big cats. The biggest enclosure is the savanna, where several African animals are free-ranging. There is also a big playground and a nice restaurant.
- Art museum (Kunsten).
- Ancient Viking graveyard, Vendilavej 11, Lindholm Høje, Nørresundby, . Apr-Oct 10AM–5PM, Nov-Mar Tu-Su 10AM–4PM. 60 Kr, seniors and students 45 Kr, children below 18 years free.
- Budolfi Church.
- Elbjørn, e-mail: [email protected]. Icebreaker now working as a restaurant and culture ship at the Aalborg harbour. It has a restaurant, a bar, glass workshop, and a museum.
- Jens Bangs Stenhus, Østerågade 9.Beautiful renaissance house, built in 1624 by the merchant Jens Bang.
- Jørgen Olufsens House, Østerågade 25. Well preserved renaissance house from 1616 by the merchant Jørgen Olufsen.
- Lille Vildmose (southeast of Aalborg and hard to reach by public transport). The largest raised bog in Western Europe, good wildlife exhibition center with small cafe and restaurant and excellent bird watching.
- Royal Taxhouse, Strandvejen 1. Built in 1902 representing national romantic architecture. In 2005, it was brought back to its original style. Next to the house is a musical fountain, during summer at noon, 3PM, 6PM and 9PM Händel's Water Music accompanise the splashing water.
- Utzon Centre, Slotspladsen 4, , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Su 10AM-5PM. A cultural centre exhibiting art, architecture and design. Focuses on Jørgen Utzon's own work and other work somehow related to him. Also has a restaurant. 60 Kr, seniors 40 Kr, students 20 Kr, children under 18 years free, group 40 Kr.
Museums & Galleries
Aalborg Historical Museum
The first building for the Aalborg Historical Museum (1863) was designed by Conrad Weber in 1863. The present museum was constructed in 1878 and expanded in the early 1890s to house the growing collection of items from the region's earliest inhabitants to modern times. The Aalborgstuen presents a fine Renaissance interior from 1602.
Kunsten Museum of Modern Art
The Kunsten Museum of Modern Art was built between 1968-72 after designs by Elissa Aalto, Alvar Aalto and Jean-Jacques Baruël. The design is said to be inspired by the ziggurat. The structure extends over 6,000 m2 (65,000 sq ft), with galleries organised around a central hall. The external walls and most of the pavement are of Carrara marble. The building materials have light colours to emphasise the art works. The outdoor areas include a sculpture park, amphitheatre and terrace. Some of the sculptures exhibited are by Gunnar Aagaard Andersen, Willy Ørskov,Lene Adler Petersen and Mogens Møller. The collection consists of around 1,500 art objects, including paintings, sculptures and other forms of artistic media.
Greyfriars Monastery Museum
In 1994 and 1995, excavations at the site of the 11th-century Greyfriars Monastery in central Aalborg resulted in the creation of the Greyfriars Monastery Museum(Gråbrødrekloster Museum) underneath the central pedestrian shopping street. Inside the well-preserved foundations, the museum reveals the history of the monastery, the town and former houses and churches.
Springeren - Marine Experience Center
The Springeren - Marine Experience Center is a marine museum on the wharf of Aalborg. Inaugurated on 24 May 1992, in the presence of Queen Margrethe, the museum's collections have since been expanded considerably, especially with an extensive collection of ship radios and navigation instruments, showing the development of such tools. The main attraction is the Danish submarine "Springeren".
Aalborg Defence and Garrison Museum
The Aalborg Defence and Garrison Museum documents Danish defences during the Second World War as well as the history of Aaborg's garrison since 1779. The museum is in a historic building in the western part of Aalborg - a huge hangar with side buildings, erected by the German occupation forces in 1940 at the seaplane base Seefliegerhorst Aalborg.
Lindholm Høje Museum
In the 1950s, the Nordjyllands Museum conducted a series of archaeological excavations at Iron Age and Viking sites in the area, including the extensive burial sites at Lindholm Høje near Nørresundby on the north side of the fjord. In 1992, thanks to funding by Aalborg Portland, a museum was opened on the site and extended in 2008 following a grant from A.P. Møller. It presents many of the findings from the excavations as well as displays illustrating life in the Viking period and in earlier settlements.
Things to do
- Aalborg Karnival. The biggest carnival in Northern Europe. If you want to have fun with Danish people this is a great opportunity.
- Bicycle. Rent a bicycle and go along the fjord.
- Casino Aalborg, Ved Stranden 16, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Su–Th 8PM–3AM, F-Sa 8PM–AM. Offer American Roulette, Black Jack, Poker and slot machines. Nice experience, but the atmosphere here is not as chic and international as you might expect. 50 Kr.
- Egholm. Take a ferry to this small island in the fjord.
- Ice-skating, C.W. Obels Square (behind the Student House). 24/7, but only in the winter. Free if you own your own skates, otherwise renting them is 50 DKK.
- Jumboland, Gøteborgvej 33, , e-mail: [email protected].M-Tu during holiday 10AM-6PM, W-Th, Su 10AM-6PM, F 10AM-7PM, Sa 9AM-7PM. Indoor playground of 2,400 sqm. Does also have a café. 60 Kr, children 18 months-15 years 80 Kr.
- Open Swimming Pool (Friluftsbad), Skydebanevej 14. Free.
The longest bar street in Scandinavia.
- The Wharf, .Borgergade 16, has the best beer in town (same owner as Charlies in Copenhagen).
- The Irish House. Østerågade 25, tel: 98141817,
- London Pub, .Boulevarden 7.
- Jomfru Ane Gade is a short street with 30 restaurants/bars. Drinks are cheap and the bars are open late. You will see signs advertising 10 DKK drinks and 10pm-12pm happy hour.
- Fedtebrødet: a real underground place in Aalborg. Very good music in this hippie bar where local bands play often and where you can always grab a guitar and jam with other costumers. The place is full of "different" people... letus say its the complete opposite of the above-mentioned Jomfru Ane Gade.
- 1000fryd, . Kattesundet 10, is Aalborg's only bar run by activists. 1000fryd has been around since 1984 when Aalborg's alternative scene bought the place. Now the place is known for their ecological beer, underground music scene and D.I.Y attitude towards life. 1000fryd has two reoccurring festivals, namely their Punk/HC festival and their Queer festival. [www]
- Student house [www.studenterhuset.dk] right across the Budolfi church hosts international evenings on Wednesdays, as well as various concerts on Fridays. Very informal.
- Behag din smag, Maren Turis Gade 5, . M-F 9AM-6PM, Sa 9:30AM-4:30PM. Coffee, tea and chocolate. If you enjoy good coffee, then this is the spot. One of the owners was the Danish Barista champion of 2007.
- Søgaards Bryghus, C. W. Obels Plads 1, . Brew pub, very modern ambiance, with the mash tuns in full view. Offers many styles of beer, including stouts, porters, IPA as well as lagers.
Aalborg is also the home of De Danske Spritfabrikker which produces a great number of distilled beverages. Their most famous product is the Aalborg Taffel Akvavit, colloquially known as a "Rød Aalborg" (Red Aalborg).
Safety in Aalborg