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- SIGHTS & LANDMARKS
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- FESTIVALS & EVENTS
|FOUNDED :||13/12 BC|
|TIME ZONE :||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|AREA :||97.75 km2 (37.74 sq mi)|
|COORDINATES :||50°0′N 8°16′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49,1%|
• Female: 50,9%
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :||55001–55131|
|DIALING CODE :||06131, 06136|
- Romano-Germanic Central Museum(Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum). It is home to Roman, Medieval, and earlier artifacts.
- Museum of Ancient Seafaring(Museum für Antike Schifffahrt). It houses the remains of five Roman boats from the late 4th century, discovered in the 1980s.
- Roman remains, including Jupiter's column, Drusus' mausoleum, the ruins of the theatre and the aqueduct.
- Mainz Cathedral of St. Martin (Mainzer Dom), over 1,000 years old.
- St. John's Church, 7th-century church building
- Staatstheater Mainz
- The Iron Tower (Eisenturm, tower at the former iron market), a 13th-century gate-tower.
- The Wood Tower (Holzturm, tower at the former wood market), a 15th-century gate tower.
- The Gutenberg Museum – exhibits an original Gutenberg Bible amongst many other printed books from the 15th century and later.
- The Mainz Old Town – what's left of it, the quarter south of the cathedral survived World War II.
- The Electoral Palace (Kurfürstliches Schloss), residence of the prince-elector.
- The Marktbrunnen, one of the largest Renaissance fountains in Germany.
- Domus Universitatis (1615), for centuries the tallest edifice in Mainz.
- Christ Church (Christuskirche), built 1898–1903, bombed in 1945 and rebuilt in 1948–1954.
- The Church of St. Stephan, with post-war windows by Marc Chagall.
- The ruins of the church St. Christoph, a World War II memorial
- Schönborner Hof (1668).
- Rococo churches of St. Augustin (theAugustinerkirche, Mainz) and St. Peter(the Peterskirche, Mainz).
- Church of St. Ignatius (1763).
- Erthaler Hof (1743)
- The Baroque Bassenheimer Hof (1750)
- The Botanischer Garten der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, abotanical garden maintained by the university
- Landesmuseum Mainz, state museum with archaeology and art.
- Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF) – one of the largest public German TV-Broadcaster
- Kunsthalle Mainz – museum for contemporary art
The Roman stronghold or castrum Mogontiacum, the precursor to Mainz, was founded by the Roman general Drusus perhaps as early as 13/12 BC. As related by Suetonius the existence ofMogontiacum is well established by four years later (the account of the death and funeral of Nero Claudius Drusus), though several other theories suggest the site may have been established earlier. Although the city is situated opposite the mouth of the Main river, the name of Mainz is not from Main, the similarity being perhaps due to diachronic analogy. Main is from Latin Menus, the name the Romans used for the river. Linguistic analysis of the many forms that the name "Mainz" has taken on make it clear that it is a simplification of Mogontiacum. The name appears to be Celtic and ultimately it is. However, it had also become Roman and was selected by them with a special significance. The Roman soldiers defending Gallia had adopted the Gallic god Mogons (Mogounus, Moguns, Mogonino), for the meaning of which etymology offers two basic options: "the great one", similar to Latin magnus, which was used in aggrandizing names such as Alexander magnus, "Alexander the Great" and Pompeius magnus, "Pompey the great", or the god of "might" personified as it appears in young servitors of any type whether of noble or ignoble birth.
Mogontiacum was an important military town throughout Roman times, probably due to its strategic position at the confluence of the Main and the Rhine. The town of Mogontiacum grew up between the fort and the river. The castrum was the base of Legio XIIII Gemina and XVI Gallica(AD 9–43), XXII Primigenia, IIII Macedonica (43–70), I Adiutrix (70–88), XXI Rapax (70–89), and XIIII Gemina (70–92), among others. Mainz was also a base of a Roman river fleet, the Classis Germanica. Remains of Roman troop ships (navis lusoria) and a patrol boat from the late 4th century were discovered in 1982/86 and may now be viewed in the Museum für Antike Schifffahrt. The city was the provincial capital of Germania Superior, and had an important funeral monument dedicated to Drusus, to which people made pilgrimages for an annual festival from as far away as Lyon. Among the famous buildings were the largest theatre north of the Alps and a bridge across the Rhine.
Alemanni forces under Rando sacked the city in 368. From the last day of 405 or 406, the Siling and Asding Vandals, the Suebi, the Alans, and other Germanic tribes crossed the Rhine, possibly at Mainz. Christian chronicles relate that the bishop, Aureus, was put to death by the Alemannian Crocus. The way was open to the sack of Trier and the invasion of Gaul.
Throughout the changes of time, the Roman castrum never seems to have been permanently abandoned as a military installation, which is a testimony to Roman military judgement. Different structures were built there at different times. The current citadel originated in 1660, but it replaced previous forts. It was used in World War II. One of the sights at the citadel is still the cenotaph raised by legionaries to commemorate their Drusus.
In the early Middle Ages, Mainz was a centre for the Christianisation of the German and Slavic peoples. The first Archbishop in Mainz, Boniface, was killed in 754 while trying to convert the Frisians to Christianity and is buried inFulda. Harald Klak, king of Jutland, his family and followers, were baptized at Mainz in 826, in the abbey of St. Alban's.Other early archbishops of Mainz include Rabanus Maurus, the scholar and author, and Willigis(975–1011), who began construction on the current building of the Mainz Cathedral and founded the monastery of St. Stephan.
From the time of Willigis until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Archbishops of Mainzwere archchancellors of the Empire and the most important of the seven Electors of the German emperor. Besides Rome, the diocese of Mainz today is the only diocese in the world with anepiscopal see that is called a Holy See (sancta sedes). The Archbishops of Mainz traditionally were primas germaniae, the substitutes of the Pope north of the Alps.
In 1244, Archbishop Siegfried III granted Mainz a city charter, which included the right of the citizens to establish and elect a city council. The city saw a feud between two archbishops in 1461, namely Diether von Isenburg, who was elected Archbishop by the cathedral chapter and supported by the citizens, and Adolf II von Nassau, who had been named Archbishop for Mainz by the pope. In 1462, the Archbishop Adolf II raided the city of Mainz, plundering and killing 400 inhabitants. At a tribunal, those who had survived lost all their property, which was then divided between those who promised to follow Adolf II. Those who would not promise to follow Adolf II (amongst them Johannes Gutenberg) were driven out of the town or thrown into prison. The new Archbishop revoked the city charter of Mainz and put the city under his direct rule. Ironically, after the death of Adolf II his successor was again Diether von Isenburg, now legally elected by the chapter and named by the Pope.
Early Jewish community
The Jewish community of Mainz dates to the 10th century AD. It is noted for its religious education. Rabbi Gershom ben Judah (960–1040) taught there, among others. He concentrated on the study of the Talmud, creating a German Jewish tradition. Mainz is also the legendary home of the martyred Rabbi Amnon of Mainz, composer of the Unetanneh Tokef prayer. The Jews of Mainz, Speyer and Worms created a supreme council to set standards in Jewish law and education in the 12th century.
The city of Mainz responded to the Jewish population in a variety of ways, behaving, in a sense, in a bipolar fashion towards them. Sometimes they were allowed freedom and were protected; at other times, they were persecuted. The Jews were expelled in 1012, 1462 (after which they were invited to return), and in 1474. Jews were attacked in 1096 and by mobs in 1283. Outbreaks of the Black Death were usually blamed on the Jews, at which times they were massacred, such as the burning of about 6,000 Jews alive in 1349.
Nowadays the Jewish community is growing rapidly, and a new synagogue by the architect Manuel Herz was constructed in 2010 on the site of the one destroyed under the Third Reich. The community itself has 1,034 members, according to the Central Council of Jews in Germany, and at least twice as many Jews altogether since many are unaffiliated with Judaism.
Republic of Mainz
During the French Revolution, the French Revolutionary army occupied Mainz in 1792; the Archbishop of Mainz, Friedrich Karl Josef von Erthal, had already fled to Aschaffenburg by the time the French marched in. On 18 March 1793, the Jacobins of Mainz, with other German democrats from about 130 towns in the Rhenish Palatinate, proclaimed the 'Republic of Mainz'. Led by Georg Forster, representatives of the Mainz Republic in Paris requested political affiliation of the Mainz Republic with France, but too late: As Prussia was not entirely happy with the idea of a democratic free state on German soil, (actually the French dominated Mainz was neither free nor democratic). Prussian troops had already occupied the area and besieged Mainz by the end of March, 1793. After a siege of 18 weeks, the French troops in Mainz surrendered on 23 July 1793; Prussians occupied the city and ended the Republic of Mainz. It came to the Battle of Mainzin 1795 between Austria and France. Members of the Mainz Jacobin Club were mistreated or imprisoned and punished for treason.
In 1797, the French returned. The army of Napoléon Bonaparte occupied the German territory to the west of the Rhine river, and the Treaty of Campo Formioawarded France this entire area. On 17 February 1800, the French Département du Mont-Tonnerre was founded here, with Mainz as its capital, the Rhine river being the new eastern frontier of la Grande Nation. Austria and Prussia could not but approve this new border with France in 1801. However, after several defeats in Europe during the next years, the weakened Napoléon and his troops had to leave Mainz in May 1814.
In 1816, the part of the former French Département which is known today as Rhenish Hesse (German: Rheinhessen) was awarded to the Hesse-Darmstadt, Mainz being the capital of the new Hessian province of Rhenish Hesse. From 1816 to 1866, to the German Confederation Mainz was the most important fortress in the defence against France, and had a strong garrison of Austrian,Prussian and Bavarian troops.
In the afternoon of 18 November 1857, a huge explosion rocked Mainz when the city's powder magazine, the Pulverturm, exploded. Approximately 150 people were killed and at least 500 injured; 57 buildings were destroyed and a similar number severely damaged in what was to be known as the Powder Tower Explosion or Powder Explosion.
During the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, Mainz was declared a neutral zone. After the founding of the German Empire in 1871, Mainz no longer was as important a stronghold, because in the war of 1870/71 France had lost the territory of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany (which France had occupied piece by piece 1630/1795), and this defined the new border between the two countries.
After World War I the French occupied Mainz between 1919 and 1930 according to the Treaty of Versailles which went into effect 28 June 1919. The Rhineland (in which Mainz is located) was to be a demilitarized zone until 1935 and the French garrison, representing the Triple Entente, was to stay until reparations were paid.
In 1923 Mainz participated in the Rhineland separatist movement that proclaimed a republic in the Rhineland. It collapsed in 1924. The French withdrew on 30 June 1930. Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January, 1933 and his political opponents, especially those of the Social Democratic Party, were either incarcerated or murdered. Some were able to move away from Mainz in time. One was the political organizer for the SPD, Friedrich Kellner, who went to Laubach, where as the chief justice inspector of the district court he continued his opposition against the Nazis by recording their misdeeds in a 900-page diary.
In March, 1933, a detachment from the National Socialist Party in Worms brought the party to Mainz. They hoisted the swastika on all public buildings and began to denounce the Jewish population in the newspapers. In 1936 the forces of the Third Reich reentered the Rhineland with a great fanfare, the first move of the Third Reich's meteoric expansion. The former Triple Entente took no action.
During World War II the citadel at Mainz hosted the Oflag XII-B prisoner of war camp.
The Bishop of Mainz, Albert Stohr, formed an organization to help Jews escape from Germany.
During World War II, more than 30 air raids destroyed about 80 percent of the city's center, including most of the historic buildings. Mainz was captured on 22 March 1945 against uneven German resistance (staunch in some sectors and weak in other parts of the city) by the 90th Infantry Division under William A. McNulty, a formation of the XII Corps under Third Army commanded by General George S. Patton, Jr. Patton used the ancient strategic gateway throughGermania Superior to cross the Rhine south of Mainz, drive down the Danube towards Czechoslovakia and end the possibility of a Bavarian redoubt crossing the Alps in Austria when the war ended.
From 1945 to 1949, the city was part of the French zone of occupation. When the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate was founded on 30 August 1946 by the commander of the French army on the French occupation zone Marie Pierre Kœnig, Mainz became capital of the new state. In 1962, the diarist, Friedrich Kellner, returned to spend his last years in Mainz. His life in Mainz, and the impact of his writings, is the subject of the Canadian documentary My Opposition: The Diaries of Friedrich Kellner.
Following the withdrawal of French forces from Mainz, the United States Army Europe occupied the military bases in Mainz. Today USAREUR only occupies McCulley Barracks in Wackernheim and the Mainz Sand Dunes for training area. Mainz is home to the headquarters of the Bundeswehr's Wehrbereichskommando II and other units.
Mainz experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).
Climate data for Mainz
|Average high °C (°F)||3.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.2|
Mainz is located on the 50th latitude, on the west bank of the river Rhine, opposite the confluence of the Main with the Rhine. The population in the early 2012 was 200,957, an additional 18,619 people maintain a primary residence elsewhere but have a second home in Mainz. The city is part of the Rhein Metro area comprising 5.8 million people. Mainz can easily be reached from Frankfurt International Airport in 25 minutes by commuter railway (Line S8).
Mainz is a river port city as the Rhine which connects with its main tributaries, such as the Neckar, the Main and, later, the Moselle and thereby continental Europe with the Port of Rotterdam and thus the North Sea. Mainz's history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to the Rhine river historically handling much of the region's waterborne cargo. Today's huge container port hub allowing trimodal transport is located on the North Side of the town. The river also provides another positive effect, moderating Mainz's climate; making waterfront neighborhoods slightly warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
After the last ice age, sand dunes were deposited in the Rhine valley at what was to become the western edge of the city. The Mainz Sand Dunes area is now a nature reserve with a unique landscape and raresteppe vegetation for this area.
When the Mainz legion camp was founded in 13/12 BC, the buildings near the Rhine River, stood for the civil settlement of the present city. Historical sources and archaeological findings both prove the importance of the military and civilian Mogontiacum as a port city on the Rhine.
Mainz is one of the centers of the German wine economy as a center for wine trade and the seat of the state's wine minister. Due to the importance and history of the wine industry for the federal state, Rhineland-Palatinate is the only state to have such a department.
Since 2008, the city is also member of the Great Wine Capitals Global Network (GWC), an association of well-known wineculture-cities of the world. Many wine traders also work in the town. The sparkling wine producer Kupferberg produced in Mainz-Hechtsheim and even Henkell — now located on the other side of the river Rhine — had been founded once in Mainz. The famous Blue Nun, one of the first branded wines, had been marketed by the family Sichel.
Mainz had been a wine growing region since Roman times and the image of the wine town Mainz is fostered by the tourist center. The Haus des Deutschen Weines (English: House of German Wine), is located in beside the theater. It is the seat of the German Wine Academy, the German Wine Institute (DWI) and the German Wine Fund (DWF). The Mainzer Weinmarkt (wine market) is one of the great wine fairs in Germany.
The Schott AG, one of the world's largest glass manufactures, as well as the Werner & Mertz, a large chemical factory, are based in Mainz. Other companies such as IBM, QUINN Plastics, or Novo Nordisk have their German administration in Mainz as well.
Johann-Joseph Krug, founder of France's famous Krug champagne house in 1843, was born in Mainz in 1800.
The city of Mainz is divided into 15 local districts according to the main statute of the city of Mainz.
Prices in Mainz
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.82|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€5.00|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€24.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€48.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€6.60|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€3.50|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€3.50|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.09|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€5.70|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€64.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€38.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€84.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€2.15|
Transportation - Get In
From Frankfurt International Airport, the local train S8 towards Wiesbaden stops at Mainz Hauptbahnhof (or optionally Mainz Römisches Theater). The train runs at least every 30 minutes daily, and takes around 30 minutes to get the Mainz. Also regional trains towards Koblenz and Saarbrücken stop in Mainz. Both options share the same local tariff, regional trains are faster and somewhat more convenient. Cologne/Bonn Airport is served by a direct ICE connection and from low cost hub Frankfurt-Hahn Airport there is a direct shuttle bus connection.
Mainz has several train stations. The biggest and the only one in which InterCity and InterCityExpress trains do stop is Mainz Hauptbahnhof (main station), it is on the western edge of the city centre and works as a general hub for local traffic. Another noteworthy station is Mainz Römisches Theater (Roman theatre), south of the centre, but it is only served by regional and commuter trains. Both are served from Frankfurt, about 45 minutes way, by S-Bahn line S8.
As of 2015, the cost of a single ticket on the Regional train (S-Bahn line S8) to Mainz Hauptbahnhof from the Frankfurt International Airport was 4.55 €.
Behind the Rhine bridge there is the station Mainz-Kastel with S-Bahn line S1, S9 and Stadt-Express SE10 from Frankfurt to Wiesbaden.
A number of long range buses (including Eurolines) serve Mainz, usually halting at Hauptbahnhof. The station is also a hub for local bus traffic, serving the surrounding countryside and Wiesbaden.
From Frankfurt Hahn Airport for those arriving with Ryanair, there is a direct bus service to Mainz roughly every 90 minutes. The ORN bus stop which services this route is just outside the main train station's police department. The service takes approx. 60-70 mins.
Mainz is ringed by the A60 from Bingen / Rüsselsheim and the A643 and A671 from Wiesbaden, at the northern end of the A63 from Kaiserslautern.
- A61 from Koblenz
- A66 from Fulda
- A3/A67 Frankfurt am Main
When parking in Mainz if you use your EC debit card or a credit card in the entrance and exit machines instead of pressing for a pay at machine ticket you will get 10% discount on the parking fee. Alternatively taking a ticket from the machine on entrance allows 4 people to travel for free on buses and trams in the city.
There is a number of companies offering river cruises, typically leaving from Cologne or Koblenz and terminating in Mainz (and vice versa). The KD Rhine River Cruise Pass offers a cruise of the Rhine river around all the way to Cologne with the possibility of stops along the way.
Transportation - Get Around
The centre of town is accessible on foot from Mainz Hauptbahnhof. There are signposts and maps throughout the city centre, or you can pick up a map from the DB information desk in the station.
- The day ticket for Mainz and Wiesbaden cost 6.50 € (Bus, Tram. S-Bahn and Regionalbahn). The Single-Ticket cost 2.70 €. (MVG, RMV)
- Some good offers to explore the surroundings include the Rheinland-Pfalz-Ticket, offering unlimited travel in local trains for up to 5 persons inside the states of Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and Wiesbaden. The ticket costs 24 - 44 € per day (as of Dec. 2015) if bought via automat or internet, or 26 - 46 € if bought at a ticket stand and is available at all train stations. For Hessen(including Mainz, but not the rest of Rhineland-Palatinate) exists the otherwise similar Hessenticket, costing 34 € per day.
By Public Transport
The Deutsche Bahn site provides excellent maps, timetables, and route guidance for getting around Mainz via the city's extensive bus and light rail systems. Google maps shows the locations of tram and bus stops in Mainz. If you click the tram or bus symbol, you will get the name of the stop as well as a list of routes serving that stop. The local transit operator (MVG - Mainzer Verkehrsgesellschaft) has a website in German.
The local transit operator offers a bike rental system, with stations all around the city.
Cost: 1.40€ per 30 minutes
Map of available bikes: http://mobil.mvg-mainz.de/stationen-karte.html
You have to activate your account in their office, which is in front of the main train station.
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To take in most of the typical main shop name walk north east from the market square to Am Brand then west along Stadthausstraße to Römerpassage.
For more individual shops, explore the Altstadt around Augustinerstraße and Kirschgarten.
Out of town supermarkets can be found in the Gutenberg Center in Mainz-Bretzenheim.
If you want to bring some wine or food from the region, your best bet is the farmers` market on the squares next to the Dome. It is held from 9am to 2pm every Tuesday, Friday and Saturday.
Mainz has two culinary specialities, both types of cheese. Spundekäse is local cream cheese whipped with cream into a soft paste, served with chopped raw onion and pretzels — the taste is mild and it goes great with beer. Handkäse is a sour milk cheese with a pungent aroma, most often served mit Musik, or marinated in vinegar and oil, then sprinkled with caraway seeds, resulting in a bizarre, firm, gelatinous mass that most people find to be a bit of an acquired taste — and the "music" refers to the flatulence it tends to cause!
- Meenzer Worschtstubb, Bahnhofplatz 1, . Sausage and fries
- Thai Express, Franziskanerstraße 3, .
- Gutenberg center, Haifa Allee 1 (Just off the A60 - Mainz-Lerchenberg).In the shopping centre is a German Imbiss, small Asia Imbis, Turkish Imbiss, Chinese self-service restaurant, a Subway and German bakery. Across the road you will find McDonalds, Burger King and KFC.
- Bestworscht, Augustinerstraße 11, . Monday-Thursday 11am – 8pm Friday/Saturday 11am–10pm. This place is known for its good Currywurst with home-made bread and 9 different sauces. You can also choose how spicy you want your Currywurst. But be cautious, it can be really spicy - it is best to start low! In Frankfurt, there are also several Bestworscht locations. currywurst 3€.
- Farmers` Market. 9am to 2pm. Each Tuesday, Friday and Saturday, there is a big farmers` market in the Old Town. Some of the stands also sell fast food. One of them, a local fish farm`s stand, has really good fish bread rolls. You can also buy really good plums (they are locally grown around Mainz), sometimes the price gets especially cheap after 1pm when the vendors want to get rid of their rests.
- N'Eis - Das Neustadteis, Gartenfeldpl. 12, . Very popular with some novel flavoured ice creams
- Am Holztor, Holzstraße 40, . Traditional small wine tavern with good selection of wines and beers, servers and excellent Schnitzel and Chicken dishes. English menu available.
- Augustinerkeller, Augustinerstraße 26, . Classic German Gaststätte with pictures of old scenes in Mainz. Good typical German food, menu includes english translations.
- Bodega, Holzstraße 10, , e-mail:[email protected].Hidden pub in a backyard. For decades, Betty (the owner) has been serving superb Spundekäs (a local speciality of Mainz), great banana wheat beer and German food. Meeting place for card playing clubs and a special recommendation at carnival and new years eve, since there are only people from Mainz in that place and you still have chances to get a seat. Prices are constant for a pretty long time, meaning that a Schnitzel still costs 6.90€.
- Haus des Weines, Gutenbergplatz 3, . Open late, they offer a great selection of wines to go with their delicious food that ranges from snacks to full meals and tends to focus on regional cuisine.
- Geberts Weinstuben, Frauenlobstraße 94, , fax:, e-mail: [email protected]. With an excellent wine list (heavy on German wines), Geberts offers excellent versions of traditional regional favorites, including handkäs-Suppe (cheese soup) and wildschwein (wild boar). They are closed for three weeks during the summer, on Saturdays, and at lunchtime on Sundays.
- Gusto, Augustinerstr. 55 (in Frankfurter Hof), .
- Indian Palace, Schießgartenstraße 12, . Excellent Indian restaurant
- Indian Tandoori, Neutorstraße 19, . Very good Indian restaurant.
- Ban Thai, Neutorstraße 18, . Good Thai restaurant.
- Zum Goldstein, Kartäuserstr. 3 (hidden in a side street of the Altstadt).Very pleasant beer garden raised of the street providing a little quite in the centre of town. Reasonably good but not outstanding food.
- Asia World, Am Schleifweg 15 (Bretzenheim), .Chinese, Japanese and Mongolian dishes. Lunch time all you can eat buffet.
- Gaststätte Berghof, Marienborner Bergweg 33 (near ZDF Lerchenberg), . Good choice of German and Austrian dishes.
- Schwayer, Göttelmannstraße 40 (in Volkspark), .Restaurant in the park. Beer garden in the summer.
- Eisgrub-Bräu, Weissliliengasse 1a,, . Open until 12:00, Kitchen until 11:00.
- Mainz Kastel Brauhaus, Otto-Suhr-Ring 27, 55252 Mainz-Kastel(Located on the Otto Suhr Ring Road (Wiesbaden Mainz-Kastel), 2 blocks(right) off the main Hwy B455 going to Wiesbaden, from Mainz across the Theodore Heuss Brucke-1K. You can see the Biergarten's Umbrellas using Google Earth.), . M-Th: 11-24; Fr-Sa: 11-1; Su: 10-23;.
- Punjab Tandoori Restaurant, Wallaustraße 52, .Very good Indian and Pakistani food. Friendly efficient service.
- Atrium Mainz, Flugplatzstraße 44 (Mainz-Finthen), , fax: , e-mail: [email protected].
- El Chico, Kötherhofstraße 1, . Very good Steak-House
- Heiliggeist, Mailandsgasse 11, . Church renovated into an up-scale bistro, they offer an abbreviated, but very creative menu that goes with an extensive wine list, including wines by the glass, that enable you to experiment wines from around Germany. Good outdoor seating. Beer quality not the best.
- Patagonia Steakhouse, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ring 74, .Excellent steak house with Chilean dishes. Good service. Quality but causal restaurant.
Sights & Landmarks
- Dom St. Martin (Mainz Cathedral), Markt 10, .Romanesque cathedral – one of Germany's oldest; others are in: Worms,Speyer
- Stephanskirche (Church of St. Stephan), Kleine Weißgasse 12, . world-famous Chagall blue windows.
- Christuskirche (Christ Church), Kaiserstraße 56, .Italian renaissance on the Rhine
- Sankt Ignaz, Kapuzinerstraße 36, . leading from Rococo to Classicism
- Augustinerkirche, Augustinerstraße 34, .
- Altstadt (Old town), Augustinerstraße and Kirschgarten.
- River Banks. with lots of restaurants and (night) clubs.
- City Hall (Rathaus Mainz), Jockel-Fuchs-Platz 1, . was built in the early 1970s by Danish architects, who used many tons Swedish marble for the façade. Consideredmodern at the time it was built, the city hall is not very popular today, many consider it too monumental, some even ugly. From the extensive city hall platform there is a beautiful view on the Rhine promenade and the river.
- Schillerplatz. Beautiful, leafy square in central Mainz with the fountain said to represent the jesters and fun of Mainz's fastnacht celebration.
- Deutschhaus (Commandry of the Teutonic Knights), Deutschhausplatz 12, . today Regional-Parlament of Rhineland-Palatinate
- Kurfürstliches Schloss (Electoral Palace), Peter-Altmeier-Allee 1, . the former city Residenz of the Archbishop of Mainz. It is one of the important Renaissance buildings in Germany. Today the east wing houses the Museum of Roman and Germanic History.
- Theodor-Heuss-Brücke (The Rhine Bridge) (between Mainz and Mainz-Kastel). is one of three Rhine bridges that connect Mainz with Wiesbaden and the state of Hesse. Like almost all other German Rhine bridges, the former bridge had been destroyed in World War II. The bridge was rebuilt in the early 1950s and named after the first president of the Federal Republic of Germany, Theodor Heuss. Kastel, a former Mainz suburb and several other villages on the right side of the Rhine, has been separated from the city after the war, as the Rhine was the border between the French and American occupation sectors. Even today, Kastel, Kostheim, Amöneburg, Ginsheim, Gustavsburg and the other former suburbs consider themselves part of Mainz, although they are administered by Wiesbaden and Hesse
Museums & Galleries
Gutenberg Museum, Liebfrauenplatz 5, , , fax:. Tue - Sat: 9am-5pm, Sun: 11am-3pm.. There are reconstructions of print shops and Gutenberg's hand press, an exhibition of incunabula, and the first two Gutenberg bibles are on display in a strong room. They also have a section devoted to the Far East with colored woodcarvings and prints from Japan, China and Korea. There is even an exhibition on the electronic future of books. Most displays have an English translation. You can purchase a guide in several different languages with your admission. Every hour or so, someone demonstrates how Gutenberg`s hand press works by printing a bible page on a replica of the press. Watching this demonstration is included in the entry fee. adults 5 €, children 8 - 18 years: 2 €, students: 3 €.
- Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum (Roman-Germanic Central Museum), Ernst-Ludwig-Platz 2(In the former Electors'Palace: Kurfürstliches Schloss.), . Tue-Sun 10AM to 6PM. entry is free.
- Museum für Antike Schifffahrt(Museum of Ancient Shipping), Neutorstraße 2b, . Tuesday to Sunday 10AM to 6PM. Unique to Mainz is the Museum of Ancient Sea Travel contains the remains of five 5th century 6 Roman warship wrecks salvaged from the Rhine in the 1980s. True-to-life replicas were re-constructed based on these originals. Visitors also have the opportunity to glimpse behind the scenes in the research laboratory and in the museum’s workshops. These ships were found when the local Hilton was expanding its property. entry is free.
- 'The Sacred Site of Isis- Mater Magna', Römerpassage 1. Monday to Saturday, 10AM to 6PM. A few years ago, when a shopping center now named Römerpassage (,,Roman Shopping Wall") was built, the construction workers found the remnants of what used to be a temple in the Roman city of Mainz. So, nowadays, you can visit this site inside the shopping center. It is surrounded by a quite interesting exhibition about the religious purpose of the Isis site. Free of charge.
- Bischöfliches Dom-und Diözesanmuseum Mainz, Domstraße 3, . Cathedral Museum & Treasury, Church art
- Landesmuseum (State Museum Mainz), Große Bleiche 49-51, . The Department of Antiquities traces the cultural history of the Rhineland from prehistory to the present.
- Naturhistorisches Museum (Museum of Natural History), Reichklarastraße 10, .
Things to do
- Walk around the town. It's a beautiful place to walk around and see the sights.
- Go and explore the outdoor town market on Tuesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays at the cathedral.
- Visit the small but very pretty Altstadt(old-town) of Mainz. Located just behind the cathedral with a beautiful baroque church and a number of well preserved Fachwerkhäuser (Medieval style houses) to be seen.
Festivals and events
- OPEN OHR Festival 2015 [www] – May 22 - May 25 2015, Zitadelle Mainz, an alternative youth festival with some (mostly local) music acts and political or creative workshops and movie presentations. A three day ticket costs around €25.
- Mainz Midsummer St. John's Night Festival - Johannisnacht – from June 21 to 24, 2013.
- Carnival in Mainz. The spectacular 5th Season from February 28th - March 5th, 2014
- Pourist, Heugasse 6, .
- Good Time and Alexander the Great, Hintere Bleiche 18a and 8.. Popular Hard Rock pubs quite close to the main railway station. They serve mead in horns and play anything from Death Metal to classical music (depending on the day of the week)!
- Besitos. Monday to Saturday 10am-1am. This place is not only a good Spanish restaurant, but also a cocktail bar. Each monday, there is a special offer where you get a dice each time you order a cocktail. You pay what you roll, e.g. if you roll a 1, the cocktail costs only 1 €! So, this can be a good place for nice cocktails at a cheap price, at least when you`re lucky. It is located very close to the Railway Station.
- Mole-Biergarten am Winterhafen, Victor-Hugo-Ufer (On the Rhine opposite the Main), . Watch the ships go by with a beer and a snack.