PATRAS

Greece

Patras is Greece's third largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in northern Peloponnese, 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens. The city is built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras.Patras has a population of 213,984 (in 2011). The core settlement has a history spanning four millennia; in the Roman period it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom.

Info Patras

introduction

Patras is Greece's third largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in northern Peloponnese, 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens. The city is built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras.

Patras has a population of 213,984 (in 2011).  The core settlement has a history spanning four millennia; in the Roman period it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. According to the results of 2011 census the population of the metropolitan area has a population of 260.308 and extends over an area of 738.87 km2.

Dubbed as Greece's Gate to the West, Patras is a commercial hub, while its busy port is a nodal point for trade and communication with Italy and the rest of Western Europe. The city has two public universities and one Technological Institute, hosting a large student population and rendering Patras a major scientific centre with a field of excellence in technological education. The Rio-Antirio bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece.

Every year, in February, the city hosts one of Europe's largest and most colourful carnivals: notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth satirical floats and extravagant balls and parades, enjoyed by hundreds of thousands of visitors in a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Patras is also famous for supporting an indigenous cultural scene active mainly in the performing arts and modern urban literature. It was European Capital of Culture in 2006.

info
POPULATION :• Metro 260,308
• Municipality 213,984
• Municipal unit 171,484
FOUNDED : 
TIME ZONE :• Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE : Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)
RELIGION :  Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
AREA :• Metro 738.9 km2 (285.3 sq mi)
• Municipality 333.1 km2 (128.6 sq mi)
• Municipal unit 124.71 km2 (48.15 sq mi)
ELEVATION :Highest elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
COORDINATES : 38°15′N 21°44′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 49.35%
 Female: 50.65%
ETHNIC : Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7%
AREA CODE : 261
POSTAL CODE : 26x xx
DIALING CODE :  +30 261
WEBSITE : www.e-patras.gr

Tourism

The cultural activity of Patras includes the Patras International Festival (with various artistic activities, mainly in the fields of theatre and music), the Patras Carnival and the Poetry Symposium.

The city hosts many museums, including the Patras Archaeological Museum, the History and Ethnology Museum, the Folk Art Museum, the Press Museum and the Technology Museum, the latter in the campus of Patras University.

Other cultural institutes are: the Visual Arts Workshop, the icon painting school, the Carnival Float Workshop, the Municipal Library, the Municipal Gallery, along with many private art galleries. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but also includes structures from other periods. Patras is also a pilot city of the Council of Europe and EU Intercultural cities programme.


Entertainment and performing arts

The Patras Carnival (Patrino karnavali) is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe, with a heritage reaching back 160 years. The events begin in January and last until Clean Monday. The carnival takes in a variety of events that include balls, parades, a children's carnival and artistic projects. Its apogee comes in the last weekend of Carnival with the Saturday evening parade of carnival groups, the extravagant Sunday parade of floats and groups, and finally the ritual burning of the Carnival King in the mole of Ayios Nikolaos street in the harbour of Patras. Its characteristic principles are spontaneity, improvisation, inspiration and volunteerism.

History

Antiquity

The first traces of settlement in Patras date to as early as the third millennium BC, in the area of modern Aroe. Patras flourished for the first time in the Post-Helladic or Mycenean period (1580–11). Ancient Patras was formed by the unification of three Mycenaean villages in modern Aroe; namely Antheia (from mythological Antheia) and Mesatis. Mythology has it that after the Dorianinvasion, a group of Achaeans fromLaconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. In antiquity Patras remained a farming city. It was in Roman times that it became an important port.

After 280 BC and prior to the Roman occupation of Greece, Patras played a significant role in the foundation of the second "Achaean League" (Achaiki Sympoliteia), along with the cities of Dyme, Triteia and Pharai. Later on, and following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, and Augustus founded a Roman colony in its area. In addition, Patras has been a Christian centre since the early days of Christianity, and it is the city where St. Andrew was crucified.


Middle Ages

In the Byzantine era Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial centre. One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. By the 9th century there are strong signs the city was prosperous: the widow Danielis from Patras had accumulated immense wealth in land ownership, the carpet and textile industry, and offered critical support in the ascent of Basil I the Macedonian to the Byzantine throne.

In 1205 the city was captured by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, and became a part of the principality of Achaea. It became the seat of the Barony of Patras, and its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. In 1408, Patras became Venetian, until it was recaptured in 1430 by the Despotate of Morea and its despot Constantine Palaiologos, who thus succeeded in recovering for the Byzantine Empire the whole of the Morea, apart from Venetian possessions. The administration of Patras was given to George Sphrantzes, while Constantine was immediately contested by the Ottoman Empire and later, in 1449, became emperor of the Byzantine empire.

Patras remained a part of the Despotate of Morea until 1458, when it was conquered by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II. Under the Ottomans, it was known as Baliabadra, from the Greek Παλαιά Πάτρα ("Old Patras"), as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα, the town of Ypati in Central Greece. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. Venice and Genoa attacked and captured it several times in the 15th and 16th centuries, but never re-established their rule effectively, except for a period of Venetian rule in 1687–1715.


Modern era

Patras was one of the first cities in which the Greek Revolution began in 1821; but the Turks, confined to the citadel, held out until 1828. The city was liberated on 7 October 1828 by the French expeditionary force in the Peloponnese, under the command of General Maison. The new city was planned under the supervision of Stamatis Voulgaris after Ioannis Kapodistrias order.

Patras developed quickly into the second largest urban centre in late 19th century Greece. The city benefited from its role as the main export port for the agricultural produce of the Peloponnese. Patras was also a gateway for emigration to the USA (most notably following the “raisin crisis” of 1920 which devastated the local economy).

In the early 20th century, Patras developed fast and became the first Greek city to introduce public streetlights and electrified tramways. The war effort necessitated by the first World War hampered the city's development and also created uncontrollable urban sprawl after the influx of displaced persons from Asia Minor after the 1922 population exchange between Greece and Turkey. In the Second World War the city was a major target of Italian air raids. In the Axis occupation period, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. After the liberation in October 1944, the city grew fast to recover, but in later years was increasingly overshadowed by the urban pole of Athens.

Climate

Patras has a Mediterranean climate. It features the typical mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers, with spring and autumn being pleasant transitional seasons. Autumn in Patras, however, is wetter than spring.

Climate data for Patras 

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)14.5
(58.1)
15.0
(59)
16.8
(62.2)
19.7
(67.5)
24.2
(75.6)
28.0
(82.4)
30.1
(86.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.2
(82.8)
24.1
(75.4)
19.5
(67.1)
16.1
(61)
22.3
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)10.3
(50.5)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59)
19.1
(66.4)
22.7
(72.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
22.7
(72.9)
18.9
(66)
14.9
(58.8)
11.9
(53.4)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F)6.1
(43)
6.4
(43.5)
7.7
(45.9)
10.2
(50.4)
13.9
(57)
17.4
(63.3)
19.4
(66.9)
19.6
(67.3)
17.2
(63)
13.8
(56.8)
10.3
(50.5)
7.6
(45.7)
12.5
(54.5)
              
Source: Hellenic National Meteorological Service

Geography

Patras is 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens by road, 94 km (58 mi) northeast of Pyrgos, 7 kilometres (4 miles) south of Rio, 134 km (83 miles) west of Corinth, 77 km (48 miles) northwest of Kalavryta, and 144 km (89 mi) northwest of Tripoli.

A centrael feature of the urban geography of Patras is its division into upper and lower sections. This is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns; the lower section of the city (Kato Poli), which includes the 19th century urban core and the port, is adjacent to the sea and stretches between the estuaries of the rivers of Glafkos and Haradros. It is built on what was originally a bed of river soils and dried-up swamps. The older upper section (Ano Poli) covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon (1,926 m (6,319 ft)) before the Gulf of Patras.

Economy

The economy of the city largely depends on a thriving service sector. Its main economic activities include retailing, logistics, financial and public sector services. Patras suffered a severe problem of deindustrialization in the late 1980s and 1990s; a number of major productive units shut down in successive order. As a result, a considerable portion of the city's workforce and the city's economic planning in its entirety had to be re-evaluated and restructured by the authorities. The University of Patras contributed by working towards this goal, using its widely respected service and technology sectors. The area still retains some of its traditional winemaking and foodstuff industries as well as a small agricultural sector. Major businesses in Patras include:

  • Tertiary education

The city is home to three major educational institutions: the University of Patras, the Hellenic Open University and the TEI of Patras.

  • Banking

Most Greek Banks have their regional headquarters for Western Greece in Patras.

  • Construction and real estate

Numerous small local companies are involved in the construction sector.

  • Retailing

Most of the large retail and super-market chains operate in the city. Patras is also home to some local but dynamic companies.

  • Tourism

In 2010, the new Infocenter of Patras was established, inside the neoclassical building of the former market "Agora Argyri", in Ayiou Andreou street. The building includes a conference hall, along with multi-purpose and exhibitional spaces. The regional unit of Achaea has about 4,800 hotels rooms and in 2006, 286,000 tourists, mainly from Greece, stayed in the area for a total of 634,000 days.

  • Manufacturing
    • Titan Cement Company operates a large cement factory, with a private port, in Psathopyrgos, a suburb of Patras.
  • Energy

Acciona has recently completed the largest wind park in Greece, on the Panachaiko mountain, overlooking the city of Patras. The Public Electric Company, operates a small hydroelectric plant on river Glafkos.

  • Foodstuff

Some of the biggest industries in the city belong to the soft drinks and drinks sector. There are factories from Coca Cola HBC and Athenian Brewery established in area, along with the facilities of the largest local company in soft-drinks production, Loux(ΛΟΥΞ). The city is also home to many leading Greek wineries and distilleries, among them the venerable Achaia Clauss. In the food sector, Friesland Foods, through the local subsidiaryNoyNoy, operates a new yogurt factory in the city's industrial area. Patras is also home to important fish-farming companies (Andromeda, Nireus). ECOFEED operates in the industrial zone of Patras, the largest fish-feeds factory in the Mediterranean. The city hosts the second largest flour-mills in Greece,Kepenou-Mills.

  • Machinery

Patras has several packing and industrial equipment companies. The most important of them are the local Antzoulatos and the multinational Frigoglass, a subsidiary of Coca-Cola, headquartered in the suburbs of Patras. Ideal Bikes is a leading bike producer in Greece, with large export activities.

  • Pharmaceutical

CBL is headquartered in Patras, while Vianex - owned by Pavlos Giannakopoulos- has its largest production facilities in the industrial area of the city.

  • Textiles

The once omnipresent textile industry of the city is now almost defunct after the shut-down of the huge factory of Peiraiki-Patraiki (Πειραϊκή-Πατραϊκή), followed by numerous smaller textile industries. This had an important impact on the city's economy and resulted in high levels of unemployment in the 1990s. The remains of the facilities, still cover hundreds of acres in the south side of the city. Nowadays, Patras companies focus in dress production, the most important among them being DUR.

  • Timber and paper

Patras hosts several timber manufacturing companies, and a wood distribution center of Shelman. The largest local company is Abex. The paper sector is also active including a paper-factory belonging to Georgia-Pacific (Delica) and two important Greek companies, Elite and El-pack, headquartered in the city.

Subdivisions

Nowadays, the municipal units of Rio, Paralia, Messatida and Vrachnaiika have functionally become a part of the wider urban complex of Patras. Apart from the city center, the main districts of Patras are:

Patras municipal unit:
  • Agyia(north)
  • Agia Sofia(north)
  • Anthoupoli(north)
  • Aroi (east)
  • Begoulaki(south)
  • Bozaitika(north)
  • Eglykada(east)
  • Gouva(north)
  • Ities(south)
  • Koukouli(east)
  • Neo Souli(east)
  • Perivola(east)
  • Prosfygika(east)
  • Psarofai(east)
  • Tabachana(east)
  • Zarouchleika(south)
  • Zavlani(north)
 Rio municipal unit:
  • Agios Georgios Riou
  • Agios Vasileios
  • Aktaio
  • Ano Kastritsi
  • Arachovitika
  • Kato Kastritsi
  • Psathopyrgos
Paralia:
  • Paralia
  • Mintilogli
  • Roitika
Messatida:
  • Ovrya
  • Kallithea
  • Petroto
  • Saravali
Vrachneika:
  • Vrachnaiika
  • Kaminia
  • Monodendri
  • Tsoukalaiika

Prices in Patras

PRICES LIST - EUR

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter€1.20
Tomatoes1 kg€1.10
Cheese0.5 kg€3.45
Apples1 kg€1.35
Oranges1 kg€0.85
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.84
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€5.00
Coca-Cola2 liters€2.10
Bread1 piece€0.81
Water1.5 l€0.62

PRICES LIST - EUR

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2€22.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€35.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2€51.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€6.00
Water0.33 l€0.50
Cappuccino1 cup€2.70
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€4.00
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€3.00
Coca-Cola0.33 l€1.10
Coctail drink1 drink€7.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets€16.00
Gym1 month€38.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€9.00
Theatar2 tickets€40.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.16
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€4.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack€5.00
Tampons32 pieces€3.25
Deodorant50 ml.€3.75
Shampoo400 ml.€3.95
Toilet paper4 rolls€1.55
Toothpaste1 tube€2.40

PRICES LIST - EUR

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1€67.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1€30.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€82.00
Leather shoes1€85.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter€1.45
TaxiStart€3.00
Taxi1 km€1.00
Local Transport1 ticket€1.25

Tourist (Backpacker)  

48 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

148 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Patras' own airport is located on the military base of Araxos (IATA:GPA), some 40 kilometers to the south, but this receives only seasonal charter flights from various locations in Europe. For regular flights, Patra is served by Athens International Airport, some 250 kilometres to the east.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

A narrow gauge train line runs through Patras southwards to Olympia and Kalamata and westwards to Athens and the port of Piraeus. the Slow Train to Athens costs about 5 € and it takes you there in 4,5 hours.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

Near to the port and main train station at the corner of Zaimi Str. and Othonos Amalias Str. lies the intercity bus station known as KTEL. KTEL buses connect Patra and other major Greek cities as well as serving transportation between Patras and towns in Achaia.

Transportation - Get In

By Car

Patras, located in the northeastern corner of the Peloponnese is connected to Athens by road via Corinth on the 8a National Road (corresponding to the E65 and E94 European Routes. To the south, Patras is connected by road to Amalias, Pyrgos and Olympia and further to Kalamata. The construction of a new bridge linking Rion (on the Peloponnese) to Antirrion (on the Central Greek mainland) has been in operation since 2004 and carries the E55 European route, linking Patras with points in Central Greece and Epirus (and onward to Albania) including the port of Igoumenitsa.

Transportation - Get In

By boat

Patras is linked by ferry to the Italian ports of (south to north) Brindisi, Bari, Ancona and Venice, with numerous sailings daily year-round. Service to Trieste has been discontinued.

For the ferry frοm Ancona to Patra you will e.g. pay for a single person about 40€ winter/60€ summer. Local ferry services offer daily sailings from Patras to the Ionian Islands. Corfu is served by the International ferries on their way to and from Italy.


Transportation - Get Around

The city bus service in Patra can be slow and unpredictable, lacking definitive timetables. Information can be found from the small booth in front of port, near the Intercity bus terminal.Ticket cost depends on the zone you travel to.The cost is 1.10 euros within the city (if you buy the ticket from kiosks (Greek "periptera") but more expensive if you buy it on the bus)and 1.50 euro to Rio (approx. 1.90eu on the bus). Generally prefer the Ktel and not the Urban bus because they are very slow and expensive. The railway goes to Rio too. The railway is infront of the port.You can also take a taxi.The lowest tariff of the taximetre is 3.00 eu. You can find all the transport modes available in Patras (bus lines, taxis, railway etc.) at www.gopatras.gr.

Hotels

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Hotels

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Shopping

The city of Patras can provide modern staff by vintage shops.Patras is the best shopping city because all the stores are in the town hall.You can find all the brands.Patra's stores are a litle bit more expensive but they provide good quality.In Patra you can find *Christian Dior *Gucci *Channel *DnG *La Martina *Fred Perry *Replay *Diesel *Miss Sixty *Energy *Levi's *Fred Perry *Polo Raulph Loren *Tommy Hilfiger (big Variety) *Staff jeans and Co.(Greek Brand) *LAK (Greek Brand) * BSB *UCB etc.You can also find all the street brands such as *DKNY *Oneil *Volcom *Converce *DC *Vans etc.,The town provide also shops like *Zara *Bershka *Pull And Bear *Stradivirus *Sprinder (Greek Shops(Balkanian Brand))*Marcks And Spencer.Finally Patras biggest Mall is *Notos Galleries and *Hondos Center (for perfumes and cosmetic),*Duty Free are open for guest also!

Coffe & Drink

Patras is well known for the wines produced by the Achaia Clauss wine factory and especially for a variety called Mavrodafni. Visitors should also taste the local liqueur called Tentoura which is usually served as a digestive.

Some of the best places to get a drink, especially in the warm summer months is on the beach road in Rio. This strip of land is lined with bars and cafeterias catering to mostly Greeks. The clubs can get pretty packed, and usually European style music is played rather than Greek. Enjoy the views of the ocean and the Rio-Antirrio Bridge which is magnificently lit up on the weekends.

The city can provide a big varriety of coffee shops, especially in Agiou Nikolaou Str. (Saint Nikolaos Str.), Radinou Str., Marine (area called "Pelekaneika" in Iroon Politechniou Str.), Plateia Vasileiou Georgiou (King Georgios Square), Gerokostopoulou Str., Ipsila Alonia Square (Plateia Ypsilon Alonion), "Veso Mare" in Akti Dimeon Blvd, Koukouli area near Technological Institute of Patras etc.

Sights & Landmarks

  • Rio-Antirio bridge. The impressive 'Rio-Antirio bridge', officially the Charilaos Trikoupis bridge after the statesman who first envisioned it, is the World's longest multi-span cable-stayed bridge. It crosses the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, linking the town of Rion on the Peloponnese to Antirion on mainland Greece. You can walk across it for free. On the Patra side, there are the most popular strip of clubs and cafes along the water to visit. On the Antirio side, right next to the bridge are historical ruins that you can tour.
  • Archaeological MuseumNational Road Patras Athens & America,  +30 2610 220 829. The new Archaeological Museum opened in July 2009. The museum has startling architecture, including an entrance made of silver-hued titanium that is shaped like a flying saucer on steroids (or an enormous antacid tablet). In yet another attempt to lure the unwilling into museums, this one has what is described as an "aerial corridor," which will whisk visitors above the exhibits, as they give passing glances at whatever catches their fancy. If you go through the museum room by room, you'll see themed exhibits on private and public life from antiquity through the Byzantine epoch. Entire period houses have been reconstructed and a necropolis is on view.
  • Roman Odeon. The Roman Odeon is located on the west side of Patras. It was built before the Odeon of Athens and there was a statue of Apollo inside it. The Odeon of Patras was severely destroyed by successive invasions, wars and earthquakes. It was almost buried under the remains of other buildings and ground. It was in 1889, when the Odeon was found by accident while some workers were digging up the ground for the construction of the port. The restoration of the Odeon continued until 1956, when it regained its original shape. Along with the restoration process of the Odeon, the nearby areas were declared as archaeological sites. The Roman Odeon today functions as the chief venue for the Patras International Festival, held every summer. The Odeon has a capacity to hold 2,300 people, with all basic facilities of a theatre such as hollow, orchestra, proscenium, scene and wings.
  • Achaia Clauss wine factoryPetrotou+30 261 052 7089. On a green-clad hill, eight km southeast of Patras' centre, are located the facilities of Achaia Clauss winery, distinguished as one of the topmost tourist sites of the region.Its founder, Bavarian Gustav Clauss arrived in Patras in 1854 to work in a German company dealing with exportation of raisin. During an excursion, he visited this region that charmed him with its natural beauty. He bought a small vineyard just to produce some wine for self-consumption and he ended up to the establishment of this Castle-Winery that survives intact till now. In 1861 he founded Achaia Clauss Co and the excellent quality wines, including Mavrodaphne of Patras, conquered both Greek and international market. The stone-made buildings, the large oak carved barrels with one century-old Mavrodaphne, the traditional cellar where visitors are welcomed as well as the unique landscape with the breathtaking view attract approximately 200,000 visitors per year.
  • St. Andrew's Church. Inside this church, which was built in the 20th century, are preserved the remains of St. Andrew the Apostle. These are located in a small chapel to the back right of the church as you face the front. The remains of his X-shaped cross are kept behind it. Although the present (substantial, but undistinguished) church was built after World War II, the mosaics give a vivid picture of old Patras. It's important to dress appropriately to visit the cathedral, a major pilgrimage shrine thanks to the presence of St. Andrew's skull in an ornate gold reliquary to the right of the altar. Visitors will find several pleasant cafes in the shaded park across from the cathedral.
  • Patras Castle (Greek: Kastro). which offers a good view of the city. The castle of Patras was built in the second half of the 6th century A.D. on the ruins of the ancient Acropolis. In A.D. 805 the inhabitants of the city were besieged in the castle by the Slavs and Saracens and their victory, considered a miracle of the city's patron Saint Andrew, was important for repelling the barbarian invasions in Peloponnese. In the following centuries the castle, which remained continuously in use until the Second World War for the defense of the city, as well as an administrative and military centre, was captured by the Franks, Venetians, Palaiologoi and Turks. The castle consists of a triangular outer enclosure reinforced with towers and bastions, which was originally protected by a deep moat and an inner enclosure rising on the NE angle and protected by a moat as well. The building phases distinguishable today on the castle provide evidence for the works carried out by each of its conquerors as repairs and provisions according to the development of military science. The original construction is visible today mainly along the north wall, but remains of it exist on all three sides of the curtain indicating that the original medieval fortification had more or less the same perimeter. To reach the castle one can either travel up the vast staircase or take the short drive to the top. Once reaching the historic site, visitors have the ability to sit and enjoy the view over refreshments.
  • The Lighthouse (Greek: Faro). "The Faro" is the symbol of the city. The lighthouse has a cafe underneath it with a large television where they broadcast mostly soccer games for people to come and watch while enjoying a beverage of their choice. There is a playground right outside of the cafe for children to play in. The cafe is next to the water, so one can sit next to the windows and enjoy the waves crashing against the wall.
  • Turkish Baths (Hamam), 29, Mpoukaouri Str.,  +30 2610 274 267, +30 697 979 6915 (Mobile). The Turkish hot baths are still in use.
  • King George I Square (Greek: Plateia Georgiou). Sit at a cafe and take in the façades of the handsome neoclassical theater and banks on the square. Patras was burned by the Turks during the War of Independence and has been hit repeatedly by earthquakes. These buildings are among the few that remain from the 19th century, when the city was famous for its arcaded streets and neoclassical architecture. Patras boasts other attractive squares: Plateia Olga and Plateia 25 Martiou have cafes, restaurants, and shops
  • The Municipal Gallery110 Maizonos Str.,,  +30 2610 966235.Founded in 1988 housed on the ground floor of the Municipal Library, beside the Old Town Hall, a location with many historical memories. The Municipal Gallery of Patras boasts of one of the richest painting collections dedicated to Greek painters, outside Athens. Of special interest and precious value, are the works of the 19th century, by Greek painters like: Nikos Kounelakis, Andreas Kriezis, Ioannis Doukas and Georgios Samartzis, as well as the portraits of Greek prime ministers, originated from Patras, as: Demetrios Maximos, Demetrios Gounaris and Andreas Michalakopoulos.
  • Apollon TheatreGeorgiou I Square. Designed by the famous German architect Ernst Ziller, the Apollon Theater was completed in 1872. It is a micrography of the La Scala in Milan

Things to do

The wide array of special events, exhibits, festivals, and various ongoing presentations, continue to delight large numbers of travelers annually, all of which have been designed to show the city of Patras at its best. For those who have never experienced the city, it is one of the best examples of a true Greek city. In addition to its tourist industry, Patras relies heavily on agriculture, its prolific wine country, and its busy shipping industry. However, it is also renowned for its colorful Carnival Season and how it has preserved the performances of ancient Greek theater, held every year in February–March. Being the city’s flagship during the last 170 years, it is without any doubt the greatest local celebration and has long been widely acknowledged in Greece and abroad.

Rooting in ancient Greece, Patras' carnival (as every other Greek carnival) is connected to the worship of Dionysus, god of wine and celebration. The carnival events, starting on 17 January every year and lasting until Ash Monday, are either programmed by the Municipal Committee of Carnival Events, or planned by the citizens and supported by the spontaneity, the inspiration and the creative ability of the inhabitants of Patras themselves. Patras' carnival draws its invigorating energy from the great numbers of participants (more than 30,000), which makes it the most famous in Greece.

Additionally, Patra hosts the Panachaiki soccer team which hosts games at the Pampeloponnisiako Stadium, so natives as well as visitors can stop by and catch a game. If you're interested in going for a stroll along the water, one can venture over to the Molos port walk where there are benches to sit and enjoy the scenery and a cafe at the end of the port where you can sit and wait for your boat enjoying the water.

Nightlife

  • Disco RoomAgiou Andreou 88 & Patreos+30 694 442 1616 (Mobile).
  • Villa Mercedes The Greece's best club.Very Strike to get in.Price 10 eu + free Drink 8 eu each additional drink.Many Guests like David Gueta etc.Address:Rio (Summer Time) Patra (Next to the Ktel)(winter).Warning!On Carnival periode entrance to villa cost 25 eu.Search what to do on Carnival because there are better places that time of the year.
  • Hall Seaside bar at Marina
  • Distinto at Rio.
  • Volcano live music and dancing at this nightlife club, it's acceptable for all ages.
  • Radinou Street is a tiny alley that houses some small café and pubs, it’s empty during the day but gets packed during the night. There's no much difference between the one pub from the other, the loud beat will hit you anyway as they come from every small spot, just stand between two pub and you will here in stereo a mix of two different tracks

Safety in Patras

 

Very High / 9.3

Safety (Walking alone - day)

High / 7.0

Safety (Walking alone - night)

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