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Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya County. Pécs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pécs.
The city Sopianae was founded by Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century, in an area peopled by Celts and Pannoni tribes. By the 4th century, it became the capital of Valeria province and a significant early Christian center. The early Christian necropolis is from this era which became an UNESCOWorld Heritage Site in December 2000.
Its episcopate was founded in 1009 by Steven I, and the first university in Hungary was founded in Pécs in 1367 by Louis I the Great. (The largest university still resides in Pécs with about 34,000 students). Pécs was formed into one of the cultural and arts center of the country by bishop Janus Pannonius, great humanistpoet. Pécs has a rich heritage from the age of a 150-year-long Ottoman occupation, like the mosque of Pasha Qasim the Victorious on Széchenyi square.
Pécs always was a multicultural city where many cultural layers are encrusted melting different values of the history of two thousand years. Hungarians,Croatians and Swabians still live in peace together in economic and cultural polarity. In 1998 Pécs was given the UNESCO prize Cities for peacefor maintaining the cultures of the minorities, and also for its tolerant and helping attitude toward refugees of the Balkan Wars. In 2007 Pécs was third, in 2008 it was second Livable city (The LivCom Awards) in the category of cities between 75,000 and 200,000 inhabitants.
In 2010, Pécs was selected to be the European Capital of Culture sharing the title together with Essen and Istanbul. The city's motto is: "The Borderless City". After receiving the title major renewal started in the city. Renewed public places, streets, squares and neighbourhoods, new cultural centers, a concert hall, a new library and center and a cultural quarter were designed.
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
|LANGUAGE :||Hungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4%|
|RELIGION :||Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5%|
|AREA :||162.61 km2 (62.78 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||153 m (502 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||46.07125°N 18.23311°E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 47,50%|
• Female: 52,50%
|ETHNIC :||Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8%|
|AREA CODE :||72|
|POSTAL CODE :||7600|
|DIALING CODE :||+36 72|
Pécs (PEH-ch) is a town in the south-west of Hungary. Pécs is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya County The city has Mediterranean atmosphere and a treasure-house of science, arts and sacrality. It had famous and glorious periods. Here are several values of the Roman times, the Middle Ages, the Turkish occupation and the development of the middle-class are built on one another or next to one another such as Gothic, Renaissance, baroque dwelling houses, Christian churches and Islamic houses of prayer, djamis and minarets, baths and public buildings.
Ancient Roman city
The area has been inhabited since ancient times, with the oldest archaeological findings being 6,000 years old. Before the Roman era the place was inhabited by Celts. When Western Hungary was a province of the Roman Empire (named Pannonia), the Romans founded several wine-producing colonies under the collective name of Sopianae where Pécs now stands, in the early 2nd century.
The centre of Sopianae was where the Postal Palace now stands. Some parts of the Roman aqueduct are still visible. When Pannonia province was divided into four administrative divisions, Sopianae was the capital of the division named Valeria.
In the first half of the 4th century, Sopianae became an important Christian city. The first Christian cemeteries, dating back to this age, are inscribed on the World Heritage List. By the end of the century, Roman rule weakened in the area, mostly due to attacks by Barbarians and Huns.
Early medieval city
When Charlemagne arrived in the area, it was ruled by Avars. Charlemagne, after conquering the area, annexed it to the Holy Roman Empire. It belonged to the Diocese of Salzburg.
A document written in Salzburg in 871 is the first document mentioning the early medieval city under the name Quinque Basilicae (see above). During the 9th century, the city was inhabited by Slavic and Avar peoples and was part of the Balaton Principality, a Frankish vassal state.
The Hungarian city in the Middle Ages
According to György Györffy's theory from place names, after the Hungarians conquered the Carpathian Basin, they retained a semi-nomadic lifestye changing pastures between winter and summer and Árpád's winter quarters -clearly after his occupation of Pannonia in 900- were perhaps in Pécs. Later, Comitatus of Baranya was established, the capital of the comitatus was not Pécs but a nearby castle, Baranyavár ("Baranya Castle".) Pécs, however, became an important religious centre and episcopal seat. In Latin documents, the city was mentioned as Quinque Ecclesiae. Around 1000, the area was inhabited by the Black Magyars. The Deed of Foundation of the Diocese of Pécs was issued in 1009.
In 1064, when King Solomon made peace with his cousin, the later King Géza I, they celebrated Easter in Pécs. Shortly after the cathedral burnt down. The cathedral that stands today was built after this, in the 11th century.
Several religious orders settled down in Pécs. The Benedictine order was the first in 1076. In 1181, there was already a hospital in the city. The first Dominican monastery of the country was built in Pécs in 1238.
King Louis the Great founded a university in Pécs in 1367 following the advice of William, the bishop of Pécs, who was also the king's chancellor. It was the first university in Hungary. The founding document is almost word for word identical with that of the University of Vienna, stating that the university has the right to teach all arts and sciences, with the exception of theology.
In 1459, Janus Pannonius, the most important medieval poet of Hungary became the bishop of Pécs. He strengthened the cultural importance of Pécs.
Pécs under Ottoman rule
After the Battle of Mohács (1526) in which the invading Ottoman army defeated the armies of King Louis II, the armies of Suleiman occupied Pécs. Not only was a large part of the country occupied by Ottomans, the public opinion of who should be the king of Hungary was divided, too. One party supported Ferdinand of Habsburg, the other party crowned John Zápolya in Székesfehérvár. The citizens of Pécs supported Emperor Ferdinand, but the rest of Baranya county supported King John. In the summer of 1527 Ferdinand defeated the armies of Szapolyai and was crowned king on November 3. Ferdinand favoured the city because of their support, and exempted Pécs from paying taxes. Pécs was rebuilt and fortified.
In 1529, the Ottomans captured Pécs again, and went on a campaign against Vienna. The Ottomans made Pécs to accept King John (who was allied with them) as their ruler. John died in 1540. In 1541, the Ottomans occupied the castle of Buda, and ordered Isabella, the widow of John to give Pécs to them, since the city was of strategic importance. The citizens of Pécs defended the city against the Ottomans, and swore loyalty to Ferdinand. The emperor helped the city and defended it from further Ottoman attacks, but his advisers persuaded him into focusing more on the cities of Székesfehérvár and Esztergom instead of Pécs. Pécs was preparing for the siege, but a day before, Flemish and Walloon mercenaries fled from the city, and raided the nearby lands. The next day in June 1543 the Bishop himself went to the Ottomans with the keys of the city.
After occupying the city, the Ottomans fortified it and turned it into a real Ottoman city. The Christian churches were turned into mosques; Turkish baths and minarets were built, Qur'an schools were founded, there was a bazaar in place of the market. For a hundred years the city was an island of peace in a land of war. She was a sanjak centre in Budin Eyalet at first and Kanije Eyalet later as "Peçuy".
In 1664, Croat-Hungarian noblemanNicholas Zrínyi arrived in Pécs, with his army. Since the city was well into the Ottoman territories, they knew that even if the occupy it, they could not keep it for long, so they planned only to pillage it. They ravaged and burned the city but could not occupy the castle. Mediaeval Pécs was destroyed forever, except the wall encircling the historical city, a single bastion(Barbakán), the network of tunnels and catacombs beneath the city, parts of which are closed down, other parts are in possession of the famous Litke champagne factory, and can be visited today. Several Turkish artifacts also survived, namely three mosques, two minarets, remnants of a bath over the ancient Christian tombs near the cathedral, and several houses, one even with a stone cannonball embedded in the wall.
After the castle of Buda was wrested from Ottoman rule in 1686, the armies went to capture the rest of Pécs. The advance guards could break into the city and pillaged it. The Ottomans saw that they could not hold the city, and burnt it, and withdrew into the castle. The army led by Louis of Baden occupied the city on 14 October and destroyed the aqueduct leading to the castle. The Ottomans had no other choice but to surrender, which they did on 22 October.
The city was under martial law under the command of Karl von Thüngen. The Viennese court wanted to destroy the city first, but later they decided to keep it to counterbalance the importance of Szigetvár, which was still under Ottoman rule. Slowly the city started to prosper again, but in the 1690s two plague epidemics claimed many lives. In 1688 German settlers arrived. Only about one quarter of the city's population was Hungarian, the others were Germans or Southern Slavs. According to 1698 data, South Slavs comprised more than a half of the population of the town. Because Hungarians were only a minority of the population, Pécs did not support the revolution against Habsburg rule led by Francis II Rákóczi, and his armies pillaged the city in 1704.
Pécs in early-modern times
A more peaceful era started after 1710. Industry, trade and viticulture prospered, manufactures were founded, a new city hall was built. The feudal lord of the city was the Bishop of Pécs, but the city wanted to free itself from episcopal control. Bishop George Klimó, an enlightened man (who founded the first public library of the country) would have agreed to cede his rights to the city, but the Holy See forbade him to do so. When Klimó died in 1777, Queen Maria Theresa quickly elevated Pécs to free royal town status before the new bishop was elected. This cost the city 83,315 forints.
According to the first census (held in 1787 by the order of Joseph II), there were 1,474 houses and 1,834 families in Pécs, a total of 8,853 residents, of which 133 were priests and 117 were noblemen.
In 1785, the Academy of Győr was moved to Pécs. This academy eventually evolved into a law school. The first stonework theatre of the city was built in 1839.
Pécs during the 19th century and later
The industry developed a lot in the second half of the 19th century. By 1848, there were 1,739 industrial workers. Some of the manufactures were nationally famous. The iron and paper factories were among the most modern ones of the age. Coal mining was relevant. A sugar factory and beer manufactures were built, too. The city had 14,616 residents.
During the revolution in 1848–49, Pécs was occupied by Croatian armies for a short time, but it was freed from them by Habsburg armies in January 1849.
After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 Pécs developed, like all the other cities and towns of the country. From 1867, Pécs is connected to the nearby town Barcs by railway, and since 1882 it is also connected to Budapest. In 1913, a tram system has been founded, but it was extinguished in 1960.
At the end of World War I, Baranya county was occupied by Serbian troops, and it was not until August 1921 that Pécs could be sure that it remains part of Hungary. The University of Pressburg (modern-day Bratislava, Slovakia) was moved to Pécs after Hungary lost Pressburg according to the Treaty of Trianon.
During World War II, Pécs suffered only minor damages, even though a large tank-battle took place 20–25 kilometres (12–16 miles) south of the city, close to the Villány area late in the war, when the advancing Red Army fought its way towards Austria.
After the war, development became fast again, and the city grew, absorbing several nearby towns. In the 1980s, Pécs already had 180,000 inhabitants.
After the end of Socialist era (1989–1990), Pécs and its county, like many other areas, were hit hard by the changes, the unemployment rate was high, the mines and several factories were closed, and the war in neighboring Yugoslavia in the 1990s affected the tourism.
Pécs was also the centre of the Nordic Support Group (NSG) consisting of units from Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Poland, as part of the IFOR and later SFOR NATO deployments, after the Dayton Agreement and following peace in former Yugoslavia; the first units were deployed to Pécs in late 1995 and early 1996. The NSG handled the relaying of supply, personnel and other logistical tasks between the participating countries and their deployed forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Climate data for Pécs
|Average high °C (°F)||1.6|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.0|
|Source: Hong Kong Observatory.|
Pécs is located in Central Europe, in the Carpathian Basin, in a southern Hungarian county, center of Baranya. It is bordered by Mecsek from the north, and a plain from the south. Pécs has a significant mining past. Mecsek dolomitic water is famous for its high density of minerals at constant poise.
The city of Pécs is located near to the border of Croatia. Its southern part is rather plain whereas its northern part belongs to slope of the Mecsek mountain. It has a very favorable climate by the border of a still flourishing woody area. During the hot summer nights a cooling air streams down from Mecsek to clean the air of the city.
Pécs is open from the south. Mecsek lifts up to 400–600 meters from the Pécsi plain of about 120–130 meters. Jakab-hill, located in western Mecsek, is 592m high, Tubes, straight above Pécs, is 612 m, and Misina is 535 m. Higher parts of the city climb up to 200–250 m, mainly Pécsbánya, Szabolcsfalu, Vasas andSomogy. Graveyards pulled back to a relatively small area. Woody areas generally start from about 300 m height. Mecsek is divided by several valleys which have key role in ameliorating the climate of the city without lakes and rivers. Waters coming down from Mecsek is collected by Pécsi water under the east-west rail road leading them eventually to the Danube.
Located in the midst of an agricultural area, Pécs is the natural hub of local products. Until some years ago, it had a coal mine and even a Uranium mine. Several factories exist, but after the fall of the Iron Curtain many have not managed the transition well. There is a gradual development of modern high-tech industry, with Finnish electronics manufacturing company Elcoteq the largest industrial employer in the city. Pécs has a nationally (and to a limited extent internationally) famous porcelain factory. The Zsolnay Porcelain has a speciali ridescent finish — called "eozin". One of the walls of a local McDonald's franchise (on the Main Square) is decorated with Zsolnay Porcelain tiles (as well as the walls and roofs of several public buildings). The Pécsi Sörfőzde (Pécs Brewery) is one of the four main Hungarian breweries, and produces a special beer, which is not strained before bottling. Pécs is also known for its leatherworking industry.
Broadband Internet access is widespread. It's quite usual to find free Internet access (wifi) in down town. Most cafes and pubs have their own wifi for customers. Look for the "wifi" signs, you may have to ask for the access password, however, if you consume, it will be freely given.
- Post Office (Magyar Posta Zrt), Jókai Mór utca 10 (Center, close to Ethnographic Exhibition), . , M-F 07:00-19:00, Sa 08:00-12:00.
Prices in Pecs
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.70|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€3.70|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€13.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€22.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€4.40|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€1.30|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€1.00|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€4.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€5.30|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.11|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€3.50|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€1.15|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€60.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€30.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€65.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€1.25|
43 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
98 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Railway Station (MÁV), Szabadság út 39. (South of the Old Town, ten min by walk), , e-mail: , [email protected]. Mo-Th 7:30-14:00, F 7:30-13:00. There are frequent trains to Pécs from Budapest's Déli or Keleti station - see Hungarian Railway Timetable. The trip can be as fast as 2:40 on an express, but several hours longer by local clunker.
Bus Station (Autóbuszállomás Pécs, Pécsi Távolságiautóbusz-állomás), Nagy Lajos király útja (Northeast 600m of Railway Station), , fax: . Season ticket Cashdesk M-F 6.30–18.00, 6.30–12.00. Numerous buses from all directions (including from cities in northern Croatia) serve the city. Buses to Budapest's Nepliget station operate numerous times daily (timetable), though the trip is slower than the train, and far less scenic or comfortable.
Transportation - Get Around
The core of Pécs is small enough to cover on foot, but for those who wish to explore the town, there is a cheap and efficient bus service, single tickets are available for 360 HUF from the driver or HUF280 from the many kiosks dotted around the city. Make sure you have tickets, the bus inspectors have no mercy and will fine clueless foreigners.
Volan Taxi and Euro Taxi are both safe.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
- Zsolnay Porcelain: Colourful glazed items produced by the Zsolnay Ceramic Manufacture, often with a distinct Art Nouveau character, are the best known products of Pécs, remarkable for a distinctive green-gold glaze named eosin. Pieces from before the war are also found in antique stores on Király and Ferences Street; of special note from recent designs is the charming jewellery collection by Katalin Zoob.
- Villány Wines: wines from the Villány wine region, especially full-bodied reds, are counted among the best in Hungary. The region was at the vanguard of reviving traditional winemaking methods and implementing quality standards after 1990, a process encouraged by both family vineyards and strategic investors. In recent years, wine producers have also turned towards quality tourism, as well as introducing the “Villány Classicus” and “Villány Premium” labels to designate quality wines reflecting the best of the terroir – the former emphasising the characteristics of the wine region, the latter of specific hills or valleys. In addition to world types (Cabernets, Blaufränkisch, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Blauer Portugieser and Syrah), the less known Kadarka and Zweigelt are also cultivated.
- Local Crafts and Art: A selection of wares produced by local craftspersons and artists can be sampled at “Remekek Háza” on the main square (of special interest are the bookbinders’ wares) and “Belső Kert Galéria” in a small courtyard opening from Király Street for mainly playful pieces. Other art galleries and antique stores are found in the inner city as well. Also notable is Elegáns Divat, a main street store selling quality off the rack womenswear based on traditional 19th and early 20th century Hungarian designs.
- Market Hall (Vásárcsarnok), Bajcsy Zs. u. 25 (Right west of bus station), . M-F 5:00-17:00, Sa 5:00-14:00, Organic market on Thu, Fri and Sat: 6.30:00-14:00. The atmosphere is simply unforgettable. Local fresh products. Try sausage of Majos, farmer cheese of Ormánság, extremely good quality Naturale 100% berry juice, thick sausage of Pellérd
- Arkad (ÁRKÁD Üzletház), Bajcsy-Zs. u. 11., .
- Atrium (Átrium Üzletház), Király u. 76. (East), .
- Colonia Passage (Colonia Passage Üzletház), Citrom u. 2-6. (Near to 'Pécs Árkád Park'), .
- Merchants House (Kereskedők Háza), Rákóczi út 46., .
- Pécs Plaza (Pécs Plaza), Megyeri u. 76. (S 1 km), . Mon-Sat from 10:00-20:00, Su 9:00-18:00; Other opening times:CBA supermarket: M-Sa 7:00-20:00 Sun 7:00-19:00, 'Smile Country' Playhouse: M-Su 10:00-20:00, Post office: M-F 10:00-20:00, Sa 10:00-19:00, Su 10:00-14:00. Bookshop, Cinema
- Addo Cafe, Kossuth Square. Modern bistro. A seasonal selection, mostly lighter dishes prepared from fresh ingredients. Outstanding service & coffee. Three-course menu approx. 2500-3500 HUF, daily offer 1300 HUF.
- Kolibri restaurant, Hunyadi Str. (above the tunnel). Small one-man restaurant. Very narrow but inspiring menu characterised by simplicity and the good use of green spices; excellent desserts.
- Crystal restaurant. Elegant, modern restaurant in Citrom street opposite post office; small interior yard in good weather. Broad variety of dishes, mainly Italian and Hungarian; a good bet for lighter fare. Regular tasting menu offers based on seasonal availability. Service friendly and informal; region-exclusive wine selection narrow but good. Three-course meal approx. 3000–5000 HUF.
- Bagolyvár restaurant. Spacious hotel and restaurant on Havihegy with unique folk art-inspired organic architecture, charming collection of pottery and antique household objects; splendid view of the city from open-air terrace. Mainly a selection of traditional dishes, typically served in abundant portions; a separate range of Transylvanian Székely specialties and superb homemade strudels. Three-course meal approx. 3000–5000 HUF.
- Caesar Pince restaurant (next to the cathedral). This special restaurant with a more exclusive atmosphere is situated in the same building as the Pannonia Champagne Factory, and shows you the beauty of the old Roman cellars.
- Tettye restaurant. 19th century restaurant on Tettye Hill with large interior and beer garden. Danubian Swabic specialties include lung and liver casserole with bread dumplings, cabbage and beans with spare ribs and goose leg with onion-potato garnish. Portions of main dishes are excessive and should not be underestimated. Somewhat old-fashioned with both virtues and flaws of traditional cooking. Three-course meal approx. 2500–3000 HUF.
- Sir Khan restaurant, intersection of Citrom street and Irgalmasok str..Indian restaurant inwith a solid performance and genuine respect for the art. Relatively mild use of spices to suit local clientele; ask for more if hotter tastes are preferred.
- Replay Cafe (Replay Café). A wide variety of dishes; grill.
- Arizona restaurant. Serves the best beef steak in town.
- Semiramis Cafe. Cafe with a good selection of arabica coffee, chocolates and assorted sweets.
- Enoteca Corso (next to the National Theatre and accessible from the city centre.). Serves nouvelle cuisine with a fusion of French, Italian and Hungarian influences, as well as affordable bistro dishes. Terrace open in warm weather. Wine list not excessively long but edited with a sure touch and includes the best of the region. five-course tasting menu approx. 11,000 HUF with wines; three-course bistro meal 3500–7000 HUF; noon menu on weekdays 990-2100 HUF.
Sights & Landmarks
- Early Christian monuments(Kora keresztény síremlékek), Multiple ( Szent István tér, Apáca utca) (In the Old Town, close to Csontváry Museum). Remains of Sopianae, the Roman city of some 8-10,000 people in Pannonia Province, are found at several points below the inner city. The most important one is the Early Christian Necropolis, a World Heritage site dating back to the 4th century and the largest necropolis remaining in the European provinces. Currently, seven of the burial chambers are open to the public under the name Cella Septichora; the main visitors’ complex includes Cella Septichora, the Peter-Paul Chamber (Péter-Pál - sírkamra), the Chamber of Jugs (Korsós sírkamra), a baptismal chapel converted into a burial site and chambers III, IV, XIX and XX. Many of the chambers are unadorned; some have surviving figurative and geometric frescoes dating back to the date of their construction and similar to Roman catacomb paintings in their style and symbology, including the St. Peter and Paul Chamber with one of the earliest depictions of Virgin Mary. A unique feature of the site is the presence of two-level chambers, which originally served a dual role for both burial site (cubiculum) and ceremonies (memoria). - The Chamber in Apaca Street build in 390.
- The Mosque of Pasha Quasim (Gázi Kászim pasa dzsámija - Belvárosi Plébániatemplom), Széchenyi István square, 2 (Near to Hotel Főnix), . From 14.02.2014 temporarily closed. Built on site and from the stones of Saint Berthold’s gothic church by Pasha Quasim the Victorious, the Turkish character of the church was restored during the most recent, early 1940s renovations. Inside the building, which functions as a Catholic church, frescoes depicting quotes from the Qur’an from the 16th century are visible. The other mosque in the city, built by Yakovali Hassan, is located at Kórház Square at the western terminus of the main pedestrian street, and is also open for visit when not in religious use by the city’s Muslim community.
- Cathedral (Pécsi bazilika és székesegyház), Szent István tér 14(Right north of Early Christian monuments), . The Cathedral of Pécs dates back to the 11th century and the times of Peter Orseolo, second king of Hungary. Bearing the traces of the Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance periods as well as the Turkish conquest when it was partially used for storage. It was renovated in Rococo and Classicist styles, but gained its modern form in the 1880s, when it was mostly restored to its imagined Romanesque origins, destroying much of the subsequent decorations. On John Paul II’s papal visit in 1990, the Cathedral gained the rank of Basilica Minor.
- Television tower (Tv-torony), Misina tető (North 2km - To visit the impressive TV tower catch bus 35 or 35A to Misina (the last stop), from the Train Station or Kórház Tér (Hospital Square).), .Open M-F 09:00-19:00, Sa 9:00-20:00, Su 9:00-19:00. provides a nice panorama on the city, on the neighbouring Mecsek Mountains, and on the hills in the south. HUF950.
- Love padlocks. padlocks are affixed to fences in down town, on the street running from main square to the cathedral. These public fixtures by sweethearts symbolize everlasting love.
- Bishop's Palace and Archives (Püspöki Palota és Levéltár), Szent István tér 23.
- Western Wall Promenade of Castle (Nyugati várfalsétány), Klimó György utca 19-23.
- Baja (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈbɒjɒ]) (East in Bács-Kiskun County). This is a local commercial centre and the provider of public services such as education and healthcare. A small cosmopolitan town (pop.37000) with some minorites such Germans; Croats; Serbs; Slovaks and Romanis. Also there are some museums and art galleries. The city churches representing the variety of religion.
- Gemenc Forest Nature Park (Gemenci Erdő), Porboy (Pörböly)(NE 40 km - mostly of Baja direction buses stop here (from Pécs)). This is part of the Danube-Drava National Park, and it is a nature reserve. Enjoy a ride on the Gemenc Forest Train. Visit the Karapancsa Castle and Farm. Water sports. Forest Walking. Birdwatching. Danube Swamp Forest. Also from Baja take a Pleasure-boat Trip on the Danube River to and around Gemenc Forest.
- Harkány (Croatian: Harkanj) (South 30km - Buses from Pécs ~every second hour (06:00-18:00),). Medical waters. One of the most famous city spas. Tourinform Office: Kossuth Lajos utca 7, Tel/Fax: +36 72 815910, Mobilphone=+36 30 2687488
- Siklós (Serbian and Croatian: Šikloš/Шиклош) (South 30km - Buses from Pécs ~every second hour (06:00-17:00)).Highlights: Siklos Castle (13-16th century), including museums, torture chamber; Gothic Franciscan monastery (15th century), including ceramic creative house; Malkocs Bey Mosque built in the 16th century. For relax there is the Thermal Spa Siklós. Taste the local products of this excellent wine region. - Máriagyűd(a couple km northwest of Siklós) is famous Marian shrine and place of pilgrimage
- Szigetvár (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈsiɡɛtvaːr]; Croatian: Siget; Turkish: Zigetvar) (Buses and train from morning until dusk hourly from Pécs - Toward west 30 km in Baranya county). The main sigts is the Castle (Museum) founded in Celtic times (HUF800; M-Su 10:00-20:00, 2011). Some monuments could be see in the town from Turkish times (16-18th century). Ali Pasha Mosque now St. Roch's Church, on the Zrinyi Square (1588, 1788). St. Anthony of Padua Franciscan Church (1736). Turkish House (Hungarian: 'Várospince' means town basement), originally caravanserai, Bástya Street (Tu-Sa 10:00-16:00). Salt House (Sóház), also known as the White House or Stagecoach station, built in 1790's. Turbéki church, in the outskirt 3km away, in site where today's church stay, is buried Sultan Suleiman the hearts and internal organs, and above it a gilded domed octagonal tomb built, this is one of the Muslim pilgrimage site in Europe, - on the day of Ascension this is a pilgrimage place for local Hungarian, German and Croatian Catholics.
- Villány (German: Wieland, Croatian: Viljan, Biljan, Vilanje, Serbian: Vilanj / Вилањ), Baranya county (South-East 30km). Sights Teleki and Wine Cellar Museum, Church Hill quarry (Conservation Area). Event: The Villany wine festival (2014. Oct. 3-5.). Outdoor: The Villany-Siklos Wine Road. The Sculpture Park
Museums & Galleries
- Archaeological Exhibition(Early Christian Mausoleum, Régészeti Kiállítás), Széchenyi tér 12. (By buses 34, 35 and 36 from the railway station – get off at Barbakán bus stop and walk two minutes through Esze Tamás Street to Szent István Square.), , e-mail:[email protected]. Opening hours Apr-Oct Tu-Su: 10.00-17:30, Mo: closed - Nov-Mar Tu-We, Su: 10.00-15:30, F-Sa 10.00-16:30, Mo: closed. The upper part of the two-storey building was a chapel while the lower part, decorated with murals depicting scenes from the Bible, functioned as a burial chamber. - Buy some souvenir in museum shop. Guide: Available Admission: Adult HUF1700, reduced 900 Entrance fee included visiting the Cella Septichora Visitor Centre. (2014).
- House of Arts and Literature (Művészetek és Irodalom Háza), Pécs, Széchenyi tér 7-8, , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. An exhibition hall different - mostly contemporary - exhibitions. Locatad in 'Elaphat building complex' in the Hoitsy house (late Baroque, end of the 18th century), and the Piatsek house (second half of the 19th century). Events: classical chamber music, jazz, and world music presentations, chamber theater and literary programs
- Csontváry Museum (Csontváry Múzeum), Janus Pannonius u. 11.(Centre), . Opening hours Tu-Su 10.00-18.00. This museum houses the largest collection of visionary painter Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry. A pharmacist by trade, Csontváry became a self-educated painter after receiving a vision at the age of 27 with a voice announcing “you will be the greatest sunway painter, greater than Raphael!” Gradually abandoning his civilian profession, he travelled the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Middle East as well as the Dual Monarchy for inspiration, and painted strange vistas of vivid colour in a unique style that has traces of post-impressionism and expressionism, but ultimately defies classification. Csontváry has been praised by Dalí as the second greatest painter of the century after himself. A must-see. HUF1200.
- Ethnographic Exhibition (Néprajzi Kiállítás), Rákóczi u. 15. (East of Museum of Natural History), . Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00. It presents the material and spiritual culture of Hungarian and ethnic minority groups of Baranya county. Here is the second largest textile collection of Hungary. HUF500.
- Gyugyi Laszlo Collection (Gyugyi-gyűjtemény), Pécs, Zsolnay Vilmos utca 37 (Next to Miner Museum), , e-mail: , (Mobil)[email protected]. Apr-Oct M: closed Tu-Th, Su: 10.00-18.00, F-Sa: 10.00-19.00. - Nov-Mar M: closed, Tu-Th, Su: 10.00-16.00, F-Sa: 10.00-17.00. Laszlo Gyugyi's private collection. It covers two period of art era is historicism and secession. There are some of the most beautiful ceramics of the 'Golden Age' of Zsolnay Factory. - Guided tour available by appointment HUF5000 Adult: HUF1400, reduced: HUF700. Photo/Video ticket: HUF500.
- Modern Hungarian Gallery I. (Modern Magyar Képtár I.), Káptalan u. 4., . Opening hours Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00. Parts of its: Amerigo Tot Museum. http://www.jpm.hu/index.php?m=1&s=2&id=44 Martin Ferenc Museum. A collection of works of Ferenc Martyn (Kaposvar, 1899 - Pécs, 1986), sculptor, painter, graphic designer, illustrator
- Modern Hungarian Gallery II. (Modern Magyar Képtár II.), Papnövelde u. 5. (Next to Miner Museum), , fax:, e-mail: [email protected]. Opening hours Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00.A permanent exhibition of the Modern Hungarian Gallery presents the broadly interpreted 20th and 21th centuries Hungarian Art, paintings, sculptures, installations. HUF500.
- Miner Museum (Mecseki Bányászati Múzeum), Káptalan utca 3 (Old Town), , e-mail: , [email protected].Opening hours Tu-Sa 10.00-18.00 (WINTER until 16:00). The Mining Museum of Pécs located in a part of the former wine cellar storage system with several levels below where they show eliminated coal and uranium mining relics of the region. Adult: HUF700, reduced: HUF350.
- Museum of Natural History (Természettudományi Múzeum), Szabadság u. 2. (Located on south part of the Old Town), , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00. Adult: HUF500, reduced: HUF350.
- Local History Exhibition (Várostörténeti Kiállítás), Felsőmalom u. 9. (Located on eastern part of the Old Town), , e-mail: , [email protected]. Opening hours Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00, closed on Sundays, Mondays. The exhibition on the history of Pécs,-between 1686 and 1948,-located in a former tannery house On the first floor there are two interiors: one in biedermeier-style and a sitting-room from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.In the exhibition there are objects, documents, photos, interiors, models of buildings and the town. The intimate court of the tannery can add to the visitors' impressions. - Gift shop. Adult: HUF700, reduced: HUF350 (2014).
- Pink Zsolnay Exhibition (Rózsaszín Zsolnay Kiállítás), Zsolnay Vilmos utca 37 (Take bus to the Zsolnay Cultural Quarter: 2, 2/A, 20, 20/A, 21, 31, 31/A, 43, 60 - Get off at "Zsolnay Negyed" or bus 27, 40 - Get off at "Bóbita Bábszínház" or "Csillag utca"), , e-mail: , (Mobil)[email protected]. Apr-Oct Tu-Th, Su: 10.00-18.00, F-Sa: 10.00-19.00. - Nov-Mar Tu-Th, Su: 10.00-16.00 F, Sa: 10.00-17.00. The best of everyday objects for visitors. Each piece is unique. - Guided tours can be ordered, available in different languages.Adult HUF1200, Reduced ticket HUF600 (2014).
- Planetarium of Pécs (Planetárium Pécs), Zsolnay Vilmos utca 37. (See at 'Pink Zsolnay Exhibition'), , e-mail: , (Mobil)[email protected]. Th-Su: According to schedule, Mo: closed. Offers substantial pastime for all ages. 45-persons capacity. You can do time travel into the past and the future. HUF1100/700 (2014), - in foreign language: HUF4000 per group.
- Puppet Museum and Theater, Pécs, Felsővámház utca 50., , , (Mobil)fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. Opening hours Mo-Fr 09.00-16.00, Sa 09.00-18.00, Su closed.. This is an interactive Puppet Museum. Children can try out the old puppets, learn more information about the techniques of puppets. - Guided tours are available HUF400.
- Renaissance Stonework (Reneszánsz Kőtár), Káptalan u. 2, . Tu-Sa 10.00-16.00 (TEMPORARELY CLOSED 2014 APR!). HUF500.
- University History Collection (Klimo Collection, PTE University Library, University History Museum, Egyetemtörténeti Gyűjtemény), Szepesy Ignác utca 1-3., +36 72 501600/22651, fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Apr-Oct M-F: 09.00-15.00, Sa: 08.00-16.00. - Nov-Mar M-F: 09.00-15.00. Located in the University Library. Here can be seee the valuable Klimo-collection HUF500.
- Vasarely Museum(Vasarely Múzeum), Káptalan St 3(Next to Miner Museum in the Old Town), . (Mobil)Opening hours Tu-Su 10.00-18.00. dedicated to the works of Victor Vasarely, founder of the op-art movement. Faux-threedimensional paintings, gobelins and "kinetic statues". One of the three collections of Vasarely's work besides Gordes (France) and Budapest. HUF1200.
- Zsolnay Museum (Zsolnay Múzeum), Káptalan utca 2 (Centre, north of Vasarely Museum), . An exhibit on the life, times and decorative ceramics of Vilmos Zsolnay and the Zsolnay Ceramic Factory. The lustrous eosin glaze and colourful pyrogranite developed in the 1870s has given the Manufacture its fame and a Grand Prize at the 1878 Paris World Exhibition. Eosin had gained particular significance in Hungarian Art Nouveau, and became a popular material for public and private buildings as well as art objects. Although the fortunes of the company have been uneven, with world wars, family troubles, nationalisation in 1948 and the mass production of industrial ceramics, the hand-painted charm of the brand survives. The museum collects the lustrous ceramics of the Zsolnay legacy in chronological order in addition to plans, documents and other relics of this cornerstone of the city’s industrial heritage. HUF1200.
Things to do
- Zsolnay Cultural Quarter:, Zsolnay Vilmos utca, 37 (East), , e-mail: [email protected]. Vary. a cultural centre and park which includes: the Lab - Interactive House of Playful Science, a Planetarium, the Zsolnay Family and Factory History Exhibition, the Zsolnay Mausoleum, the Gyugyi Collection, the Pink Zsolnay Exhibition, a Live Manufacture, the Bóbita Puppet Theatre, the E78 (concert hall), the Janus University Theatre, the PTE Faculty of Music and Visual Arts, and the Grand Pécs Gallery. Vary.
- National Theatre (Pécsi Nemzeti Színház), Színház tér 1., , e-mail: [email protected].
- Croatian Theatre in Pécs (Pécsi Horvát Színház), Anna u. 17., , e-mail: , [email protected].Also here the Summer Theatre of Pécs (Nyári Színház)
- Third Theatre of Pécs (Harmadik Színház), Hajnóczy utca 41.(West 2.5 km), , e-mail: , [email protected].
- Janus University Theatre (Janus Egyetemi Színház), Zsolnay Vilmos u. 37, +36 72 501500 /side 28292, e-mail: [email protected].
- Puppet Theatre (Bóbita Bábszínház), Felsővámház u. 50 (East 1 km), , e-mail: [email protected]bita.hu.
- Wave Bath (Pécsi Hullámfürdő), Szendrey Júlia utca 7 (200m west of Museum of Natural History), , e-mail:[email protected]. Daily 6.00-21.30. Hourly 130cm high waves. 33m swimming pool. A outside snack bar is opening all summer. Adult fee HUF1000, reduced 820, key caution 1000 (2014).
Festivals and events
- National Theatre Festival.
- University Days: (April) a raw of events for the students of University of Pécs and the citizens of the city as well. Main events include the student rector election and the 4-day music festival including international artists like Tito & Tarantula in 2010.
- ICWiP (International Cultural Week in Pécs): (end of June, beginning of July). One of the most well-known thematic festivals in the Alps-Adrian area. It is about building an international community of young, open-minded, ambitious people.
- International Adult Puppet Festival: (usually in June). Held in every third year, the international festival hosts puppet theatres and artists from around the wolrd. Shows are played on several spots, often on the streets of the down-town.
- Rockmaraton:. (June). Rock and metal music festival with bands from Hungary and outside the country. Entrance tickets for a week in 2013 is very cheap, only 2000HUF.
- Fishing on Orfű Alterfest: (June) 3-day music festival with bands only from Hungary. The festival is located in a camp site in Orfű, a small village 15km from Pécs. There is hot shower and clean toilets on the area. During the festival there are bus shuttles from Pécs to the site every hour.
- Sétatér festival: (September) an almost one-month-long festival with music performances, bungalows of wine cellars and artisan shops along the streets of down-town.
- World Winesong festival: (end of September). A festival for winesong choruses of only male singers from around the world.
Even in a country of oenophiles, Pécs is known for its wines and sparklingwines. The famous wine of the Mecsek hills called cirfandli.
- Pannonia Champagne Factory (Pannonia pezsgőgyár). Hungary's first champagne factory, founded in 1859 by Lorinc Littke and still producing sparkling wine under the Pannonia label. The facility is a tourist attraction, with a 5-story underground labyrinth of caves and cellars.
In the early evening students gather in Király street, Széchenyi square, and Kossúth square in the city centre. For late night clubbing you should ask the taxi drivers at Kossúth tér where to go. They are the most up-to-date source about night life. Bars close around midnight, while clubs are open until around 4 or 5 in the morning.
Although beer is not as important culturally as in Germany or in the Czech republic, these days younger generation drinks more beer than wine. Pécs has its local beer Szalon and Pécsi beer.
- Művész Presszó. This alternative culture pub has a good range of Hungarian artisan beer specialities. Although it is a bit on the margin of down town, it is worth trying its fine quality beers which are selected from all over Hungary by its owner. With a bit of luck or preparation, it is possible to take part in their occasional beer tasting. Note that it is necessary to book in advance.
Safety in Pecs
Generally, Pécs is rather quiet during the night compared to other European cities, and crime to tourists is limited to pickpocketing or possibly prices, bills and taxi fares cheats.
Downtown is safe to walk, even after midnight. Even though it is forbidden by law, there are some beggars on the streets of downtown. They might be annoying to some, but they are polite and do no harm.
As everywhere in Hungary, tap water is drinkable.
Private health care providers are high quality, dentistry and physiotherapy are cheaper than in Western Europe, but check the price with the provider before you confirm the appointment. Most doctors have some English or German skills.
Pharmacies are everywhere, many can not maintain an adequate reserve of medicines. Another problem might be communicating with the pharmacist as most of them speak only Hungarian. Some rusty Latin might come handy quite unexpectedly.