CORK

Ireland

Cork is a city in Ireland, located in the South-West Region, in the province of Munster. It has a population of 119,230, and is the second largest city in the state and the third most populous on the island of Ireland. The greater Metropolitan Cork area(which includes a number of satellite towns and suburbs) has a population exceeding 300,000. In 2005, the city was selected as the European Capital of Culture.

Info Cork

introduction

Cork is a city in Ireland, located in the South-West Region, in the province of Munster. It has a population of 119,230, and is the second largest city in the state and the third most populous on the island of Ireland. The greater Metropolitan Cork area(which includes a number of satellite towns and suburbs) has a population exceeding 300,000. In 2005, the city was selected as the European Capital of Culture.

The city is built on the River Lee which splits into two channels at the western end of the city; the city centre is divided by these channels. They reconverge at the eastern end where the quays and docks along the river banks lead outwards towards Lough Mahon and Cork Harbour, one of the world's largest natural harbours.

The city's cognomen of "the rebel city" originates in its support for the Yorkist cause during theEnglish 15th century Wars of the Roses. Corkonians often refer to the city as "the real capital" in reference to the city's role as the centre of anti-treaty forces during the Irish Civil War.

info
POPULATION :• City 125,622
• Urban 198,582
• Metro 399,216
FOUNDED : Founded 6th century AD
City rights 1185 AD
TIME ZONE :• Time zone WET (UTC0)
• Summer (DST) IST (UTC+1)
LANGUAGE :English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official)
RELIGION :Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2%
AREA : 37.3 km2 (14.4 sq mi)
ELEVATION :
COORDINATES : 51°53′50″N 8°28′12″W
SEX RATIO : Male: 49.7%
 Female: 50.3%
ETHNIC : Irish
AREA CODE :  021
POSTAL CODE :
DIALING CODE :
WEBSITE :  www.corkcity.ie

Tourism

Cork features architecturally notable buildings originating from the Medieval to Modern periods. The only notable remnant of the Medieval era is the Red Abbey. There are two cathedrals in the city; St. Mary's Cathedral and Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral. St Mary's Cathedral, often referred to as the North Cathedral, is the Catholic cathedral of the city and was begun in 1808. Its distinctive tower was added in the 1860s. St Fin Barre's Cathedral serves the Protestant faith and is possibly the more famous of the two. It is built on the foundations of an earlier cathedral. Work began in 1862 and ended in 1879 under the direction of architect William Burges.

St. Patrick's Street, the main street of the city which was remodelled in the mid-2000s, is known for the architecture of the buildings along its pedestrian-friendly route and is the main shopping thoroughfare. It is dominated at its north end by the landmark statue of Father Mathew. The reason for its curved shape is that it originally was a channel of the River Lee that was built over on arches. The General Post Office, with its limestone façade, is on Oliver Plunkett Street, on the site of the Theatre Royal which was built in 1760 and burned down in 1840. The English circus proprietor Pablo Fanque rebuilt an amphitheatre on the spot in 1850, which was subsequently transformed into a theatre and then into the present General Post Office in 1877. The Grand Parade is a tree-lined avenue, home to offices, shops and financial institutions. The old financial centre is the South Mall, with several banks whose interior derive from the 19th century, such as the Allied Irish Bank's which was once an exchange.

Many of the city's buildings are in the Georgian style, although there are a number of examples of modern landmark structures, such as County Hall tower, which was, at one time the tallest building in Ireland until being superseded by another Cork City building: The Elysian. Outside the County Hall is the landmark sculpture of two men, known locally as 'Cha and Miah'. Across the river from County Hall is Ireland's longest building; built in Victorian times, Our Lady's Psychiatric Hospital has now been renovated and converted into a residential housing complex called Atkins Hall, after its architect William Atkins.

Cork's most famous building is the church tower of Shandon, which dominates the North side of the city. It is widely regarded as the symbol of the city. The North and East sides are faced in red sandstone, and the West and South sides are clad in the predominant stone of the region, white limestone. At the top sits a weather vane in the form of an eleven-foot salmon.

Cork City Hall, another notable building of limestone, replaced the previous one which was destroyed by the Black and Tans during the War of Independence in an event known as the "Burning of Cork". The cost of this new building was provided by the UK Government in the 1930s as a gesture of reconciliation.

Other notable places include Elizabeth Fort, the Cork Opera House, Christ Church on South Main Street (now the Triskel Arts Centre and original site of early Hiberno-Norse church), St Mary's Dominican Church on Popes Quay and Fitzgerald's Park to the west of the city, which contains the Cork Public Museum. Other popular tourist attractions include the grounds ofUniversity College Cork, through which the River Lee flows, the angling lake known as The Lough, the Women's Gaol at Sundays Well (now a heritage centre) and the English Market. This covered market traces its origins back to 1610, and the present building dates from 1786.

Up until April 2009, there were also two large commercial breweries in the city. The Beamish and Crawford on South Main Street closed in April 2009 and transferred production to the Murphy's brewery in Lady's Well. This brewery also produces Heineken for the Irish market. There is also the Franciscan Well brewery, serving the local market with a variety of lagers, ales and stouts. In May 2008 it was awarded as the "Best Microbrewery in Ireland" by Food and Wine Magazine.


Cork City Pub Crawl

If you're in Cork City on a Friday night and you want to go out and enjoy the city's pub culture then a great way to do it is by going on the Cork City Pub Crawl. It's a pub crawl/tour/party organised by local energetic youths, with the aim of creating a buzz or a bit of craic among the tourists and locals of Cork City. They run it every Friday, starting at 20:00 outside the GPO on Oliver Plunkett St. and take the group to 4 pubs and a club in Cork. There's a €10 charge but that saves you money because it includes at least one shot of jaegermeister, one shot of whiskey/tequila, two shots of apple sourz and entry into the club. The group is a fun blend of locals and backpackers, all up for the craic.

History

Cork was originally a monastic settlement, reputedly founded by Saint Finbarr in the 6th century. Cork achieved an urban character at some point between 915 and 922 when Norseman (Viking) settlers founded a trading port. It has been proposed that, like Dublin, Cork was an important trading centre in the global Scandinavian trade network. The ecclesiastical settlement continued alongside the Viking longphort, with the two developing a type of symbiotic relationship; the Norsemen providing otherwise unobtainable trade goods for the monastery, and perhaps also military aid.

The city's charter was granted by Prince John, as Lord of Ireland, in 1185. The city was once fully walled, and some wall sections and gates remain today. For much of the Middle Ages, Cork city was an outpost of Old English culture in the midst of a predominantly hostile Gaelic countryside and cut off from the English government in the Pale around Dublin. Neighbouring Gaelic and Hiberno-Norman lords extorted "Black Rent" from the citizens to keep them from attacking the city. The present extent of the city has exceeded the medieval boundaries of the Barony of Cork City; it now takes in much of the neighbouring Barony of Cork. Together, these baronies are located between the Barony of Barrymore to the east, Muskerry East to the west and Kerrycurrihy to the south.

The city's municipal government was dominated by about 12–15 merchant families, whose wealth came from overseas trade with continental Europe — in particular the export of wool and hides and the import of salt, iron and wine. The medieval population of Cork was about 2,100 people. It suffered a severe blow in 1349 when almost half the townspeople died of plague when the Black Death arrived in the town. In 1491, Cork played a part in the English Wars of the Roses when Perkin Warbeck a pretender to the English throne, landed in the city and tried to recruit support for a plot to overthrow Henry VII of England. The then mayor of Cork and several important citizens went with Warbeck to England but when the rebellion collapsed they were all captured and executed. The title of Mayor of Cork was established by royal charter in 1318, and the title was changed to Lord Mayor in 1900 following the knighthood of the incumbent Mayor by Queen Victoria on her Royal visit to the city.

Since the nineteenth century, Cork had been a strongly Irish nationalist city, with widespread support for Irish Home Rule and the Irish Parliamentary Party, but from 1910 stood firmly behind William O'Brien's dissident All-for-Ireland Party. O'Brien published a third local newspaper, the Cork Free Press.

In the War of Independence, the centre of Cork was burnt down by the British Black and Tans, and the city saw fierce fighting between Irish guerrillas and UK forces. During the Irish Civil War, Cork was for a time held by anti-Treaty forces, until it was retaken by the pro-Treaty National Army in an attack from the sea.

Climate

The climate of Cork, like the rest of Ireland, is mild oceanic and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. Cork lies in plant Hardiness zone 9b. Met Éireann maintains a climatological weather station at Cork Airport, a few kilometres south of the city. It should be noted that the airport is at an altitude of 151 metres (495 ft) and temperatures can often differ by a few degrees between the airport and the city itself. There are also smaller synoptic weather stations at UCC and Clover Hill.

Temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) or above 25 °C (77 °F) are rare. Cork Airport records an average of 1,227.9 millimetres (4.029 ft) of precipitation annually, most of which is rain. The airport records an average of 7 days of hail and 11 days of snow or sleet a year; though it only records lying snow for 2 days of the year. The low altitude of the city, and moderating influences of the harbour, mean that lying snow very rarely occurs in the city itself. There are on average 204 "rainy" days a year (over 0.2 millimetres (0.0079 in) of rainfall), of which there are 73 days with "heavy rain" (over 5 millimetres (0.20 in)). Cork is also a generally foggy city, with an average of 97 days of fog a year, most common during mornings and during winter. Despite this, however, Cork is also one of Ireland's sunniest cities, with an average of 3.9 hours of sunshine every day and only having 67 days where there is no "recordable sunshine", mostly during and around winter.

Climate data for Cork

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.1
(61)
14.0
(57.2)
15.7
(60.3)
21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
27.5
(81.5)
28.7
(83.7)
28.0
(82.4)
24.7
(76.5)
21.4
(70.5)
16.2
(61.2)
13.8
(56.8)
28.7
(83.7)
Average high °C (°F)8.2
(46.8)
8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
11.8
(53.2)
14.4
(57.9)
17.0
(62.6)
18.7
(65.7)
18.5
(65.3)
16.5
(61.7)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
8.5
(47.3)
12.9
(55.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
5.7
(42.3)
6.9
(44.4)
8.4
(47.1)
10.9
(51.6)
13.5
(56.3)
15.3
(59.5)
15.2
(59.4)
13.3
(55.9)
10.5
(50.9)
7.8
(46)
6.1
(43)
9.9
(49.8)
Average low °C (°F)3.0
(37.4)
3.1
(37.6)
4.0
(39.2)
4.9
(40.8)
7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50)
11.8
(53.2)
11.8
(53.2)
10.2
(50.4)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
3.7
(38.7)
6.9
(44.4)
Record low °C (°F)−8.5
(16.7)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.1
(21)
−2.4
(27.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
2.4
(36.3)
4.8
(40.6)
4.9
(40.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.2
(19)
−8.6
(16.5)
Source: Met Éireann

Economy

Retail

The retail trade in Cork city includes a mix of both modern, state of the art shopping centres and family owned local shops. Department stores cater for all budgets, with expensive boutiques for one end of the market and high street stores also available. Shopping centres can be found in many of Cork's suburbs, including Blackpool, Ballincollig, Douglas, Ballyvolane, Wilton and Mahon Point. Others are available in the city centre. These include the recently completed development of two large malls The Cornmarket Centre on Cornmarket Street, and new the retail street called "Opera Lane" off St. Patrick's Street/Academy Street. The Grand Parade scheme, on the site of the former Capitol Cineplex, was planning-approved for 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) of retail space, with work commencing in 2016. Cork's main shopping street is St. Patrick's Street and is the most expensive street in the country per sq. metre after Dublin's Grafton Street. As of 2015 this area has been impacted by the post-2008 downturn, with many retail spaces available for let. Other shopping areas in the city centre include Oliver Plunkett St. and Grand Parade. Cork is also home to some of the country's leading department stores with the foundations of shops such as Dunnes Stores and the former Roches Stores being laid in the city. Outside the city centre is Mahon Point Shopping Centre.


Industry

Cork City is at the heart of industry in the south of Ireland. Its main area of industry is pharmaceuticals, with Pfizer Inc. and Swiss company Novartis being big employers in the region. The most famous product of the Cork pharmaceutical industry is Viagra. Cork is also the European headquarters of Apple Inc. where over 3,000 staff are involved in manufacturing, R&D and customer support. Logitech and EMC Corporation are also important IT employers in the area. Three hospitals are also among the top ten employers in the city (see table below).

The city is also home to the Heineken Brewery that brews Murphy's Irish Stout and the nearby Beamish and Crawford brewery (taken over by Heineken in 2008) which have been in the city for generations. 45% of the world's Tic Tac sweets are manufactured at the city's Ferrero factory. For many years, Cork was the home to Ford Motor Company, which manufactured cars in the docklands area before the plant was closed in 1984. Henry Ford's grandfather was from West Cork, which was one of the main reasons for opening up the manufacturing facility in Cork. But technology has replaced the old manufacturing businesses of the 1970s and 1980s, with people now working in the many I.T. centres of the city – such as Amazon.com, the online retailer, which has set up in Cork Airport Business Park.

Cork's deep harbour allows ships of any size to enter, bringing trade and easy import/export of products. Cork Airport also allows easy access to continental Europe and Cork Kent railway station in the city centre provides good rail links for domestic trade.

Subdivisions

Orientation

Cork is the anglicised version of the Irish word Corcaigh, which means marsh. The city centre was originally built on marshland and boats were able to navigate into the channels which separated the many islands. Many of the wider streets, such as St Patrick's Street, the South Mall and the Grand Parade, are actually built on former river channels. St Patrick's Street is Cork's commercial hub, and is known colloquially as either "Patrick Street" or "Pana".

The centre of the city forms an arrow-shaped island between the North and South channels of the River Lee. There are upwards of thirty bridges over the two channels. This, combined with the one-way traffic system, can make the centre a little bit confusing for first-time visitors. The River Lee flows from West to East, and outside of the centre, hills rise steeply to the Northside, while the Southside is that bit flatter but still hilly in parts. St. Anne's Church watches overShandon, just to the North of the river. The University is about 2 km to the west of the centre.

The Train Station is about 1 km to the east of the centre. Shops are generally concentrated around St. Patrick's Street, Oliver Plunkett Street, Paul Street and North Main Street. Bars and Restaurants can be found everywhere, but especially around MacCurtain Street, Washington Street and Oliver Plunkett Street. Financial businesses are centred on the area around the South Mall and the Administrative heart of the city is on Anglesea Street.

Prices in Cork

PRICES LIST - EUR

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter€1.01
Tomatoes1 kg€2.72
Cheese0.5 kg€6.00
Apples1 kg€2.35
Oranges1 kg€2.15
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€2.50
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€10.00
Coca-Cola2 liters€2.50
Bread1 piece€1.30
Water1.5 l€1.30

PRICES LIST - EUR

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2€32.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€50.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2€68.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€7.50
Water0.33 l€1.14
Cappuccino1 cup€2.80
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€4.50
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€4.50
Coca-Cola0.33 l€1.60
Coctail drink1 drink€8.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets€18.00
Gym1 month€48.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€11.00
Theatar2 tickets€80.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.26
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€10.50

PRICES LIST - EUR

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack€14.00
Tampons32 pieces€5.25
Deodorant50 ml.€3.50
Shampoo400 ml.€5.10
Toilet paper4 rolls€2.10
Toothpaste1 tube€2.70

PRICES LIST - EUR

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)€80.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1€35.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€75.00
Leather shoes1€78.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter€1.27
TaxiStart€4.00
Taxi1 km€1.40
Local Transport1 ticket€2.10

Tourist (Backpacker)  

66 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

220 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Cork Airport [www] (IATA: ORK) Cork Airport is the international gateway to the south of Ireland and Ireland's second busiest airport after Dublin Airport which is also part of the DAA Group of Irish State owned airports. Cork Airport manages an average of 7,000 passengers per day, rising to 15,000 during the peak season and up to 60 aircraft movements a day. An average of 2.4 million Passengers use Cork Airport annually, flying to over 50 destinations across Europe. The airport is located 8 km south of the city centre, connected by the N27 Kinsale Road.

Among the main scheduled passenger operators out of Cork Airport [www] are Aer Lingus [www], Jet2.com [www], Ryanair [www], and Wizz Air [www].

Destinations include [www]:

  • Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Bristol, Brussels, Edinburgh,Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Geneva, Girona, Glasgow (International), Gran Canaria, Jersey, Katowice, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Liverpool, London(Gatwick, Heathrow & Stansted), Malaga, Manchester, Milan Bergamo,Munich, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris, Poznań,Rennes, Tenerife, Vilnius, Warsaw, Wrocław

There is a taxi rank located outside the arrivals entrance. Taxis to the city centre cost around €20 and can carry up to 4 passengers (or up to 8 if you request a van-style taxi). Fares for longer journeys are reasonably priced and negotiable.

Bus Éireann [www] route 226 [www] links the airport with the city centre, including the bus station at Parnell Place and Kent Station.

Transportation - Get In

By boat

Car ferry services depart from Ringaskiddy (15 km SE of the city) to Roscoff. Ferries sail to/from Ringaskiddy through Cork Harbour (the second largest natural harbour in the world; Sydney harbour being the largest) and past Cobh - the last port of call for the Titanic. From April to October there is a weekly ferry service to Roscoff in France with Brittany Ferries [www]. The Cork-Swansea ferry service was suspended in 2007 for lack of a suitable vessel. The Cork-Swansea ferry service was reinstated in March, 2010 by a new operator: Fastnet Line [www] and closed again in 2012 [www].

Transportation - Get In

By train

The train service in Ireland is operated by Irish Rail [www] (Irish: Iarnród Éireann) which provides rail services from Cork to Dublin (16 trains per day), Cobh (22), Tralee (3 direct, 6 with one change) and Mallow. All other towns and cities are accessible through connecting trains.

Cork's main station is Kent Station, located on the Lower Glanmire Road, a 10-minute walk east of St Patrick's Street.

Trains in Ireland can be expensive by comparison with other modes of transport. For example, a single (one-way) adult ticket from Dublin to Cork typically costs €36 if booked online [www], though a certain number of services offer a €20 or €10 single fare if booked online. Be aware that adult single tickets bought at the station cost €66 [www], almost the same price as a return journey. By booking online on the Dublin train you will be automatically allocated a reserved seat; you can also select which seat you would like manually. The journey takes approximately 2.5 hours.

The Irish Rail network is undergoing a significant upgrading in terms of both infrastructure and rolling stock.

Four routes operate from Kent Station, Cork:

  1. Intercity route to Dublin Heuston, serving: Mallow, Charleville, Limerick Junction, Thurles, Templemore, Ballybrophy, Portlaoise, Portarlington, Kildare, Dublin Heuston.
  2. Intercity route to Tralee, serving: Mallow, Banteer, Millstreet, Rathmore,Killarney, Farranfore, Tralee
  3. Commuter route to Cobh and Midleton, serving: Little Island, Glounthaune, Fota, Carrigaloe, Rushbrooke, Cobh; with a recently opened spur line serving Carrigtohill and Midleton.
  4. Commuter route to Mallow, serving: Mallow.

Transportation - Get In

By Car

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Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By Public Transport

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Transportation - Get Around

By Taxi

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Transportation - Get Around

By Car

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Transportation - Get Around

By Bicycle

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Hotels

- BEST RATED -

Hotels

- BEST VALUE -

Restaurants

  • Uncle Pete's Pizzeria31 Pope's Quay,  +353 21 455-5888. 24/7. A pizza delivery place in Cork City, which places an emphasis on gourmet pizzas.
  • Captain Americas Cookhouse and Bar4-5 South Main St. A very popular restaurant with young, friendly and fun staff. Take a walk around the restaurant and look at the collection of music and celeb memorabilia.
  • Bana Thai, 15 Maylor St (Behind Brown Thomas),  +353 21 425-1571fax: +353 21 425-1583. Mediocre Thai food, really relaxed atmosphere.
  • Liberty GrillWashington St. This American-style cafe offers excellent food, especially their burgers.
  • Nash 1919 Princes St (Off Oliver Plunkett St).
  • The English MarketGrand Parade, South Mall(enter via Grand Parade or Princes St).09:00-17:30. This is an old covered market in the centre of the city with an abundance of excellent food to suit all tastes and a pleasant cafe, often with live piano music. It also includes an excellent cafe: "The Farmgate".Free.
  • The BodegaCoal Quay. This is actually a cafe/bar set in a very large old industrial space. Very beautifully refurbished. As a place for a drink in the evening it has become less appealing over the years. However they do a very nice brunch menu on a Saturdays and Sundays. Priced from €8-12. Also very nice lunch menu. The crowd is a very diverse mix of young people, professionals and families.
  • Café Paradiso16 Lancaster Quay,  +353 21 427-7939, e-mail:. Fantastic vegetarian restaurant, one that even the most hardened meat eaters flock to. At the upper end of the budget but worth it for the gourmet vegetarian delights. The Bridgestone Vegetarian Guide says "…I now firmly believe that Cork's Café Paradiso is the only vegetarian restaurant – maybe in the whole of Europe – where the actual enjoyment of the food is paramount."
  • Scoozis2-5 Winthrop Lane (Off Winthrop St),  +353 21 427-5077, e-mail: . One of the most popular restaurants in Cork, always busy for lunch and dinner. Booking is advisable, but people also often just turn up and queue. Staff are young and friendly, menu is varied, cheap and full of very tasty food. Perfect for big parties, small groups of friends and even a romantic meal for two.
  • Clanceys. A traditional Irish pub restaurant, that offers average food with an Irish atmosphere.
  • The Ivory TowerOliver Plunkett St. This restaurant is a Cork institution. Very eclectic and eccentric food. Cheap it is not, but prices have come down slightly in the last year. An 8-course Traditional Irish Food Tasting Menu is €45. An intimate and unusual small room with very friendly staff and award winning food. The famous dish from here is Swordfish with banana ketchup. For the less adventurous there is a good selection of high quality quite game-y food. A great wine list.
  • Fenns QuayNo. 5 Fenns Quay (Parallel to Washington St.). Quite a modern looking restaurant, a step down price wise from the ivory tower. Contemporary continental cuisine with an excellent wine list in a nicely renovated old house. Expect to pay about €35-€40 a head.
  • Luigi MalonesEmmet Place (Across form Cork Opera House), +353 21 427-8877. Famous for the teenagers usually snogging out front.
  • Jacobs on the MallSouth Mall. Incredibly delicious gourmet food. Expensive but worth it, it's easily one of Cork's finest restaurants.
  • Quay CoOp24 Sullivans Quay (Just over the river across the footbridge from the Grand Parade),  +353 21 431-7026. 09:00-21:00.The Quay Co-op Restaurant is renowned by diners in Cork and beyond for the quality and variety of its menu and the ambiance of its brightly decorated dining rooms. The restaurant is vegetarian and also provides an extensive range of vegan, yeast-free, sugar-free, gluten-free and dairy-free dishes from around the world. €10.
  • Elizabeth Fort Market FestivalElizabeth Fort, Barrack St,  +353 86 066-7030. 23:00. The Elizabeth Fort Market features gourmet food on Sundays including French crepes, halal BBQ, sushi, vegetarian cuisine, cupcakes, coffees, refreshments and more. Free.
  • Ruen Thai71 Patrick's St (Above Boots). Very good Thai Restaurant, plenty of seating inside. Relaxed atmosphere. Prices mid-range.
  • Ambassador Chinese Restaurant3 Cooks St (Next to Specsavers).Chinese food "par excellence". If you are only used to cheap takeaways then you are in for a pleasant surprise. Traditional Western Chinese food but done very well. Try the aromatic duck. Prices are moderate to high.
  • Panda Mama Restaurant14 Parnell Place (Between the Bus Station and city hall),  +353 21 427-4779, e-mail:. The place is worth visiting for the decor alone; traditional Chinese wood and marble. Menu shows innovation for a Chinese restaurant outside Dublin. Food is good. Prices are Moderate.
  • Market Lane5 Oliver Plunkett St. This bustling two-storey restaurant and bar near the English Market is a friendly and welcoming place with a lively atmosphere. Where possible they source locally produced foods and artisan products at a reasonable price.
  • The Idaho CafeCorner of Maylor St and Margaret St. 12:00-16:00. An excellent restaurant with locally sourced food. Traditional Irish dishes; everything on the menu is top notch. It is a tiny cafe, but the wait is never long and it's well worth it. All of the main courses are gluten-free, as well.€8-€12.

Sights & Landmarks

  • Cork Vision CentreNorth Main St. This is in a former church in North Main Street. It has a large scale model of the city and plentiful free tourist info which should help your understanding. Free.
  • Elizabeth Fort. Offers a good view over the city. However, it is not easily seen from the city. From Southgate Bridge, go up Barrack Street and turn right. The Elizabeth Fort Market Festival takes place on Sundays inside the historic fort walls and features Irish-made crafts, gourmet food, and entertainment. [www] There is a police station within the fort.
  • St Finbarr's Cathedral. This is just a few minutes away from the Elizabeth fort and much easier to find. A fine 19th century Gothic Revival building. Visible from the back is a golden angel high upon a tower.
  • Shandon Church. The tower and bells are symbols of the city, and overlook it from the north. Visitors are allowed to ring the bells. This church is situated in a conservation area.
  • Lewis Gluckman Gallery. This piece of modern architecture is situated within the grounds of University College Cork. Within is state of the art technology to protect and display major exhibitions of international art, along with facilities for workshops, film screenings, lectures and art classes. A café is situated on the ground floor.
  • Cork City GaolConvent Avenue, Sunday’s Well,  +353 21 430-5022, e-mail: . Mar-Oct 09:30-17:00, Nov - Feb 10:00-16:00. Slightly outside the city centre, this attraction is very much worth the visit. It can be reached by using the city sightseeing bus, by taxi or by a 30 minute walk. There is a small admission fee, but is worth every penny. The Gaol also provides fine views of the west of the city, including the University. €8/person for adults, €4.50 for a child.
  • Cork Historic Walking Tours. Offer the visitor the opportunity to understand the City's history, from its foundation by St. Finbarre right up to the 20th Century. The tour brings the visitor to the site of the ancient monastery of Cork, through the areas of Viking settlement, the medieval streets of the Norman walled city and along the waterways of the expanding 18th and 19th century city. The tour explains the history of the city in an informative and relaxed way.
  • University College Cork (UCC), Western Rd. Take a stroll through the College which is open to the public and take in the variety of architecture here, from the newly constructed extension of the Boole Library to the newly repointed limestone Honan Chapel which is popular for graduate weddings. Free.
  • Páirc Ui ChaoimhBallintemple. This 50,000 capacity stadium is the home of Cork GAA. It is open on matchdays and Monday and Wednesday for tours.
  • The Lough parkLough Rd. Open 24 hours. Situated 1km south-west of Cork city centre and is one of Cork's most fascinating amenities. It is a small freshwater limestone lake in a shallow depression. The Lough receives its water from springs and from water percolating from the ridge to the north on which stands the Lough parish church. It teems with wildlife and the central island provides a safe haven for the numerous types of wildfowl stocked in the Lough. The Lough delights a wide range of people of all ages who engage in such activities as jogging, walking, reading and nature study. There are also a restaurant and bar at the SW end, both with good views of the Lough. The Lough was declared a Public Wildlife Refuge in 1881 and is one of Ireland's oldest protected areas.Free.

Things to do

  • Fitzgeralds Park. Running beside the river Lee, the tranquil setting of Fitzgeralds park is a place for locals and visitors to relax in quiet natural surroundings with Cork history museum located in the park. Its a must see for nature lovers.

Sports

  • Watch a Gaelic Game. During the Munster Championship in the summer, a number of games are played in Páirc Uí Caoimh, while smaller games are played all throughout the year. See the GAA [www] for more information.
  • League of Ireland Football. Watch a Cork City F.C. [www] soccer match during the FAI League of Ireland [www] season from March to November. Turner's Cross Stadium is located 1.5 km south of the city centre. Home matches take place on Friday nights at 19:45. Tickets cost: €10 (Adult), €5 (U-16′s/OAPs).
  • Sail CorkEast Ferry Marina (3 mi east of Cobh),  +353 21 481-1237.Teaches dinghy and cruiser sailing, powerboating and navigation. Courses are run all year round and are available for juniors and adults.
  • Rugby: Musgrave Park. The auxiliary stadium for the 2 Times European Champions Munster. Munster are currently considered to be one of the best teams in European Rugby. Munster play some of their non-Heineken Cup Fixtures here.

Cork City Pub Crawl

If you're in Cork City on a Friday night and you want to go out and enjoy the city's pub culture then a great way to do it is by going on the Cork City Pub Crawl. It's a pub crawl/tour/party organised by local energetic youths, with the aim of creating a buzz or a bit of craic among the tourists and locals of Cork City. They run it every Friday, starting at 20:00 outside the GPO on Oliver Plunkett St. and take the group to 4 pubs and a club in Cork. There's a €10 charge but that saves you money because it includes at least one shot of jaegermeister, one shot of whiskey/tequila, two shots of apple sourz and entry into the club. The group is a fun blend of locals and backpackers, all up for the craic.

Festivals and events

Cork has a thriving cultural scene that was acknowledged internationally when it was named the European Capital of Culture for 2005. Several festivals are held annually in the city giving the visitor an opportunity to experience a wide range of music, theatre and film.

  • Midsummer Festival. A month long festival featuring theatre, music, art, poetry and much more, throughout the city. Mid June - Mid July.
  • Film Festival. Established more than 50 years ago, the festival features an impressive selection of Irish and international films. Beginning of November.
  • Jazz Festival. One of the largest jazz festivals in Europe that consistently attracts top acts from around the world. Last weekend in October.
  • the Avant Festival. A festival of the Contemporary Arts (including experimental writing) in Cork. Usually over about ten days in mid-July.
  • Elizabeth Fort Market Festival, Barrack St. Celebrating Cork Heritage at the Elizabeth Fort every Sunday, featuring Irish-made crafts, gourmet food, and entertainment all day long.

Nightlife

Barrack Street is known in Cork for its amount and variety of bars. The Barrack St. Challenge challenge is to drink one pint in each bar starting in Nancy Spain's and still be able to walk by the time you reach the Brewery. Cork is also well known for its live music scene.

  • An Bróg72-73 Oliver Plunkett St+353 21 427-0074, e-mail:.Diverse patrons and music make this a favourite among all groups. A late bar open until 02:00. Expect to queue during the student year.
  • An Spailpín FánachSouth Main St(across the road from the Brewery). Irish for 'the migrant labourer' has traditional Irish music most nights, is a traditional Irish pub and has a great atmosphere after 21:00.
  • The BierhausPopes Quay (At Shandon footbridge),  +353 21 455-1648. Claims the best selection of beers in Cork, with over 50 on offer and new beers on tap monthly.
  • CostigansWashington St. Great atmosphere at weekends. Always a good place to start when doing a pub crawl of the lively Washington St.
  • Franciscan Well (On the riverside north of the Gate Cinema). Has a large beer garden. Brews its own range of beers and has a fine section of foreign bottled beers. This pub organises beer festivals twice yearly.
  • FreakScene. Gorbys / G2 Oliver Plunkett Street. Great Student night every Wednesday. Upstairs has alternative and indie, downstairs disco and soul and is the gay section of freakscene. Running for 12 years, it has outlasted all competitors in a fickle Cork scene. Casual Dress, in fact wear whatever you want.
  • An Realt Dearg (Next to Elizabeth Fort & the Elizabeth Fort Sunday Market). The oldest pub in Cork. It was established in 1698 and the Dukes of Wellington and Marlborough were among its patrons. It is possibly the oldest pub in Ireland. That title is being claimed by a few pubs in the country. The Brazen Head in Dublin was a pub before The Gateway, but didn't hold a continuous license. An Realt Dearg used to be called The Gateway.
  • The hi-bOliver Plunkett St. (Off Grand Parade). This pub is owned by the grumpiest man in Cork. It is a tiny room up old creaking stairs. It has a nice mixture of old guys and a young crowd very friendly and welcoming to newcomers despite its intimidating aesthetic. On a Wednesday evening an ole fella plays jazz piano and takes requests. This place is not for everyone, but if you like the kind of intimate place where a stranger sits to tell you his life story then the hi b is great. Be warned, the owner does not tolerate mobile phones in his bar (among numerous other things). Like a stranger sat at my table once told me "you are no-one in Cork until you have been kicked out the hi-b"
  • Loafers26 Douglas St. A cosy pub just south of the city centre, Loafers is Ireland’s oldest gay venue. Its laidback, friendly atmosphere attracts a diverse clientele, and it’s generally more popular with women than the other gay venues.
  • Long ValleyWinthrop St. Busy pub with constant turnover of clientele. Sandwiches are not to be missed! Classical and jazz music in the background. A bit expensive, but not overly so given its city center location.
  • MvM - Movies vs MusicEveryman Palace, McCurtain St. 23:45–02:30.This is the place to be on a Saturday night. Playing all the hits from 60s,70s,80s,90s and modern day. They also have a comfy couch cinema showing the best in cult movie titles, such as 'Batman the TV movie', 'Whitnail and I', 'Planet of the Apes', to mention but a few. If that's not enough they have PlayStation, connect 4, draughts and electro buzz in their games room or chill out with a lovely cocktail! The latest club in Cork. Check it out, you'll love it!
  • Mutton Lane InnMutton Lane. (Off Patricks St., first turn after Burger King). This is owned by the same people that run Sin é and it shows. Dark and very comfortable with candle lit tables and trad sessions every Monday night. Get in early this place gets packed. Nice selection of beers both foreign and local.
  • Savoy TheatreSt Patrick's St. Home to "Bang" student night on Tuesdays and Thursdays during the college year, "Goldsounds" on Friday Nights and Rapture every Saturday Night Savoy is a must for under 20s visiting and at €10 for entry its very reasonable. Opens at 23:00.
  • Sin ÉCoburg St. Dark, small and welcoming. Good for traditional music. One of Cork's more atmospheric pubs.
  • Tom Barry's. Another traditional Irish bar, on Barrack St.
  • The Oval BarSouth Main St (Behind the Peace Park). Best Music policy in Cork, if you perfer alternative, electronica or a little bit of rock. Pints are great too. Punters are relaxed. For genuine drinkers only.
  • Boardwalk Bar & GrillLapps Quay (Across from the City Hall), +353 21 427-9990. M-Fr 17:00-19:00, Sa 17:00-18:00. A 750 square metre Bar and Grill with rich wood and leather panelling tinged with traditional Liscannor stone.
  • The Long Island Bar11 Washington St,  +353 21 427-3252. An award winning cocktail bar in the heart of the city. They have an extensive menu with loads of variety so there is something to suit everyone. The staff are friendly and helpful and the drinks look and taste great. The resident dj's have the place rocking at night and the atmosphere is the best in the city.
  • Bar PigalleBarrack St (Opposite The Offie off licence). "Ze" ultimate French style cafe-bar experience in Cork. Friendliest French staff ever, great selections of French wines and Belgium/German beers, and best of all: ingenious yummy cocktails for €7.90!
  • Thomond Bar2, Marlboro St (Between Patricks St and Oliver Plunkett St),  +353 21 427-9747. One of Cork's premier rugby and sports pubs, offering food Monday to Saturday 12 until late and a guaranteed great atmosphere to watch any major sporting event.

Safety in Cork

Stay Safe

Cork is a safer city than Dublin. During the night caution should be taken, as in any situation involving large numbers of people and alcohol. Late night fighting and anti-social behaviour are more common in Ireland and Britain than in elsewhere in Western Europe and Asia. However, as in any city the vast majority of people are out simply to enjoy themselves.

Sensible and vigilant behaviour when out late at night should mean that any trouble is avoided. If your safety feels compromised, approach any of the many police or doormen in the city centre, who will be happy to provide assistance. There is virtually no guncrime in Cork, even the general police don't carry guns, so there is no need to worry about firearm violence.

Very High / 9.0

Safety (Walking alone - day)

High / 7.3

Safety (Walking alone - night)

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