CHISINAU

Moldova

Chisinau (Chișinău), also known as Kishinev, is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova. It is Moldova's main industrial and commercial center, and is located in the middle of the country, on the river Bîc.

Info Chisinau

introduction

Chisinau (Chișinău), also known as Kishinev, is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova. It is Moldova's main industrial and commercial center, and is located in the middle of the country, on the river Bîc. According to the preliminary results of the 2014 census, the municipality of Chișinău is home to 492,894 residents.

info
POPULATION : City: 492,894   
FOUNDED :  1436
TIME ZONE : EET (UTC+2)  Summer: EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE : Moldovan (official), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
RELIGION : Orthodox Christians 88.4%, Others 11.6%
AREA : 123 km2 (47 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 85 m (279 ft)
COORDINATES : 47°0′00″N 28°55′00″E
SEX RATIO : Male: 47.39%  
 Female: 52.61%
ETHNIC : Moldovans 67.62%, Russians 13.92%, Ukrainians 8.28%, Others 10.18%
AREA CODE : +373 22 
POSTAL CODE : MD-20xx  
DIALING CODE :
WEBSITE : www.chisinau.md

Tourism

Chisinau (Chişinău) is very wealthy compared to the rest of the country, as Moldova is not a very rich country. As is common in developing countries, you are likely to see great disparities in wealth. It's also very much a post-Soviet city, with both the good and bad qualities associated with it. By other side you'll see many modern and great buildings of steel, concrete and glass.

The majority of the middle and working class population lives in blocks of flats. These look standard, maybe not too nice but are not "dangerous" as similar areas may be considered to be in Western Europe. Do not come to Moldova expecting Western standards everywhere, but the situation is improving every year. Here you can see 4 and 5 star hotels, great restaurants and cafes, coffee houses and bars. Many restaurants and almost all the hotels in the city accept the credit cards. There are hundreds of ATMs throughout the city where you can use your bank cards.

Crime is relatively low although usual precautions apply.

History

Founded in 1436 as a monastery village, the city was part of the Principality of Moldavia, which, starting with the 16th century fell under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the 19th century it was a small town of 7,000 inhabitants. In 1812, in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812), the eastern part of Moldavia was ceded to the Russian Empire and Chișinău became the capital of the newly annexed oblast of Bessarabia. Its population had grown to 92,000 by 1862 and to 125,787 by 1900.

By 1834, an imperial townscape with broad and long roads had emerged as a result of a generous development plan, which divided Chișinău roughly into two areas: The old part of the town — with its irregular building structures — and a newer City Center and station.

Following the Russian October Revolution, Bessarabia declared independence from the crumbling empire, before joining the Kingdom of Romania.

In the chaos of the Second World War Chișinău was almost completely destroyed. This destruction began with the Soviet occupation by the Red Army on 28 June 1940. As the city began to recover from the takeover, a devastating earthquake occurred on 10 November 1940. The epicenter of the quake, which measured 7.3 on the Richter scale, was in eastern Romania and subsequently led to substantial destruction.After the war, Bessarabia was fully integrated into the Soviet Union. Most of Bessarabia became the Moldavian SSR with Chișinău as its capital; around 30% of Bessarabia became parts of the Ukrainian SSR.

The period of the most significant redevelopment of the city extended from 1971, when the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union adopted a decision "On the measures for further development of the city of Kishinev", which secured more than one billion rubles in investment from the state budget, which continued until the independence of Moldova in 1991.

Climate

Chișinău has a humid continental climate characterized by hot dry summers and windy cold winters.

Winter temperatures are often below 0 °C (32 °F), although they rarely drop below −10 °C (14 °F).

In summer, the average maximum temperature is approximately 25 °C (77 °F), however, temperatures sometimes reach 35 to 40 °C (95 to 104 °F) in mid-summer in downtown.

Spring and autumn temperatures vary between 16 to 24 °C (61 to 75 °F), and precipitation during this time tends to be lower than in summer but with more frequent yet milder periods of rain.

Climate data for Chișinău

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.5
(59.9)
20.7
(69.3)
25.7
(78.3)
31.6
(88.9)
35.9
(96.6)
37.5
(99.5)
39.4
(102.9)
39.2
(102.6)
37.3
(99.1)
32.6
(90.7)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F)0.9
(33.6)
2.6
(36.7)
8.1
(46.6)
15.6
(60.1)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.2
(81)
21.5
(70.7)
15.2
(59.4)
7.4
(45.3)
2.2
(36)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.9
(28.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.7
(38.7)
10.4
(50.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.1
(71.8)
21.7
(71.1)
16.3
(61.3)
10.5
(50.9)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F)−4.3
(24.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.2
(32.4)
6.0
(42.8)
11.6
(52.9)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
16.9
(62.4)
12.0
(53.6)
6.8
(44.2)
1.5
(34.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
6.4
(43.5)
Record low °C (°F)−28.4
(−19.1)
−28.9
(−20)
−21.1
(−6)
−6.6
(20.1)
−1.1
(30)
3.6
(38.5)
7.8
(46)
5.5
(41.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−28.9
(−20)
              
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA 

Geography

Chișinău is located on the river Bâc, a tributary of the Dniester, at 47°0′N 28°55′E, with an area of 120 square kilometres (46 sq mi). The municipality comprises 635 square kilometres (245 sq mi).

The city lies in central Moldova and is surrounded by a relatively level landscape with very fertile ground.

Economy

Chișinău is the financial and business capital of Moldova. Its GDP comprises about 60% of national economy.

Chișinău has the largest and most developed mass media sector in Moldova, and is home to several related companies ranging from leading television networks and radio stations to major newspapers. All national and international banks  have their headquarters located in Chișinău.

Notable sites around Chișinău include the cinema Patria, the new malls Malldova, Megapolis Mall and best-known retailers, such as N1, Fidesco, Green Hills, Fourchette and Metro. While many locals continue to shop at the bazaars, many upper class residents and tourists shop at the retail stores and at Malldova. Elăt, an older mall in the Botanica district, and Sun City, in the center, are more popular with locals.

Several amusement parks exist around the city. A Soviet era one is in the Botanica district, along the three lakes of a major park, which reaches the outskirts of the city center. Another, the modern Aventura Park, is located farther from the center.

Subdivisions

Chișinău is divided in 5 sectors:

Botanica 
Buiucani 
Centru 
Ciocana 
Rîșcani

Internet, Comunication
  • There is a large Internet Cafe at Strada Cosmonautilor.

Ambulance - 903

Police - 902

Fire brigade - 901

Gas intervention -904

Telephone directory service by Moldtelecom - 1189 (taxable)

Emergency (calls are made by mobile phones with no SIM card) - 112

Prices in Chisinau

PRICES LIST - EUR

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter€0.45
Tomatoes1 kg€0.60
Cheese0.5 kg€4.20
Apples1 kg€0.50
Oranges1 kg€1.15
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.55
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€2.00
Coca-Cola2 liters€1.05
Bread1 piece€0.20
Water1.5 l€0.40

PRICES LIST - EUR

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2€10.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€17.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2€28.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€2.75
Water0.33 l€0.40
Cappuccino1 cup€1.10
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€1.25
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.70
Coca-Cola0.33 l€0.60
Coctail drink1 drink€3.10

PRICES LIST - EUR

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets€8.00
Gym1 month€26.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€2.80
Theatar2 tickets€16.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.06
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€0.90

PRICES LIST - EUR

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack€5.50
Tampons32 pieces€2.10
Deodorant50 ml.€2.40
Shampoo400 ml.€2.70
Toilet paper4 rolls€1.30
Toothpaste1 tube€1.40

PRICES LIST - EUR

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1€40.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1€29.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€70.00
Leather shoes1€65.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter€0.85
TaxiStart€1.15
Taxi1 km€0.20
Local Transport1 ticket€0.15

Tourist (Backpacker)  

41 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

71 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Chişinău International Airport is served by many airlines like AirBaltic,Air Moldova, Austrian, LufthansaMoldavian Airlines, Tarom, Turkish Airlines, S7 Aircompany, Wizz Air with flights around the Europe and Asia, notably to Athens, Bucharest, Budapest,Frankfurt, Istanbul, Madrid, Milan-Bergamo, Moscow, Munich, Riga, Rome, Timisoara, Vienna, Vilnius, Saint Petersburg, Varna, Paris, London, Bologna and Surgut.

There are three taxi companies which operate at the airport. The fixed fares range from about 80 to 120 MDL depending on which sector of the city you are going. While better than in the past, the taxi system is still not perfect and it is likely they will try to come up with a reason to charge you extra. It is cheaper to wait for a taxi dropping someone off at the airport and use that one to return to your destination. Always agree the price before entering the taxi. The cheaper alternative is to take minibus № 165 which takes you through Botanica to the center, Izmail street. Tickets cost 3 lei; luggage will cost you another ticket. The minibuses are white vans leaving from the airport parking lot. If you leave the airport building from the arrivals area, turn right and walk towards the end of the building. The buses are marked with the number 165 on a sign behind the windshield and you can flag one down passing you, or walk up to the ones still parking. Don't open the sliding door even though you have luggage; for some reason they always use the co-drivers door to get on and off.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

There is one Central Railway Station and a few suburban stations located at the city's ends. The trains depart to Europe through Romania and to CIS (Community of Independent States), especially to Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. For travelers arriving from Western Europe taking the train is much cheaper than a flight. The downside is that they are slow, particularly when crossing the borders into the former Soviet Union, where they need to stop to have their wheels changed due to different rail gauge.

The most popular route is from Bucharest, daily overnight trains leave Gara de Nord station at 5:10PM and arrive at 8:50AM. The 'couchette' - shared sleeper cabin, cost approximately 120 Romanian Lei purchased the day of in Bucharest.

Another useful route is from Warsaw, departing every second day taking two nights (38 h). Chişinău is served by three routes from Russia, one from Moscow via Kiev, one from Saint Petersburg and one from Rostov-on-Don. Several cities in Ukraine also have daily connections.

A daily direct train from Odessa have now starting running leaving Odessa late afternoon and arriving around 10 PM the same evening. This train also crosses the unrecognised breakaway state of Transnistria and makes a quick stop-over in its capital, Tiraspol meaning that depending on the political situation the service might be interrupted. A single journey costs 244 UAH as of May 2015.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

Note that Chişinău has three bus stations - the central one (serving mainly in-country destinations), Gara de Nord (for in-country destinations on the northern part of the country like Sorocca, Rezina, Ocnita, for travel to Odessa, Kyiv and elsewhere in Ukraine) and the larger Gara de Sud (for in-country destinations in the southern part of the country like Comrat, Cahul and for journeys to Romania). You can reach Gara de Sud from central Chişinău on rutiera (microbus) number 120, 124, 180 or 192 for 3 lei. Gara Nord is served by rutiera 163 and trolleybus #9, along with a bunch of others. You can check bus timetables (both in-country, and international destinations) at this website: [www] .

There are several buses throughout the day from Bucharest, Odessa, Iasi,Chernivtsi, and Lviv. The journey to/from Odessa takes around five hours and costs around $10 US. Most Odessa-bound buses go through southern Moldova, avoiding the Transnistrian region - these will be marked as going through Palanka or Causeni. The journey to Iasi is three and a half hours long, with travel on to Brasov (price to Iasi:140 lei). There are many buses and maxi-taxis headed to Bender and Tiraspol in Transnistria, about one every forty minutes (36.50 lei for a ninety minute journey).

Transportation - Get In

By Car

Note that the quality of the roads in Moldova is quite bad. The road leading from Chişinău to Leuseni is pretty nice. You are likely to be sharing the road with trucks, cars, and livestock, all moving at various speeds without a lot of regard for safety.

As the driving and quality of the roads in Moldova is different to what you as a Westerner will probably be used to, it is thus better to rely on public transport, which is very cheap and (mostly) reliable.


Transportation - Get Around

  • There are 40 taxi services operating throughout the city and its suburbs. Call 14222, 14333, 14444, 14747, 14448 or other 14xxx numbers to get a taxi. Taxi service 14700 frequently has an English speaking person though this is not guaranteed.

It is highly recommendable as a non Russian or Romanian speaking person, to have a local person/hotel or restaurant call your taxi, as few Taxi drivers speak proper English. In case you need a receipt for your travel, you need to ask for this specifically when ordering. Also payment by credit card is impossible.

Please remember to bring small cash, as sometimes they will not be "able" to give back on anything larger than 50 bills, but this is rare. Average prices vary across company/individual taxi driver, and it is fairly inconsistent. Expect prices between 30-60 for shorter rides and 50-150 Lei for longer rides. From Malldova to Airport the prices vary and should be expected to be around 80-130 Lei.

Pay good attention to the traffic as a pedestrian, as the driving skills are rather poor combined with the fact that no one really follows normal traffic laws. Accidents are often occurring, and pedestrians should be very careful in terms of crossing streets and especially avoid the Maxi-taxis

  • For budget travelers, just do like the locals do: Ride the trolley-bus (24 lines through the city), bus or maxi-taxis. A trolley-bus ride costs 2 lei while a bus ride costs 3 lei, collected by a conductor who walks up and down the bus after each stop. Maxi-taxis cost 3 lei, which is paid to the driver upon entry. There are few set stops for maxi-taxis: and it is usually OK to just tell the driver when you want to get off, although recently introduced rules mean that drivers may not do this so much any more but will stop on street corners etc. Flag him down with your hand (just like you would with a taxi) when the vehicle approaches you on the street.

Hotels

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Hotels

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Shopping

There are excessive number of shops, malls and trade centers in Chişinău. Only market places are at about 41. If you are just visiting Chişinău, consider buying a special cognac selection of about 30 small bottles, with different sorts of cognac. It can make a nice gift. Moldovan wines are deservedly famous across the former Soviet Union, yet are little known in Europe. Take the opportunity to sample them. Cigarettes are also much cheaper in Moldova than in the EU, so you might do well to stock up before leaving the country (although note that there are strict limits on the number of cigarettes you can bring across an EU border).

Chişinău Souvenir Bazaar - The city's main artisan market. One can find hand made crafts, paintings and relics from the Soviet days. English is limited, but many products have a marked price. Negotiating prices is acceptable. Located on Stefan cel Mare boulevard adjacent to the Mihail Eminescu National Theatre at Stefan cel Mare 152.

Unic - An all purpose shopping center in Chişinău, but it is rather soviet-style. For a better shopping experience, go to MallDova or Sun City One can buy just about anything needed when in Moldova. The selection on souvenirs is smaller and many will not be hand made. Located on the corner of Stefan cel Mare and Ismail.

Stefan cel Mare - This is Chişinău's main street. Not only is it great for people watching, it is also lined with numerous shops and restaurants.

Piata Centralâ - Chişinău's outdoor market.

Mall Dova - The largest western style mall in Chişinău. Most stores and products are generic and could be bought at any other mall in any country in the world.

Restaurants

Chişinău is a good place for food lovers. There are plenty of good places to eat all over Chişinău. The cheap, tasty food that is very popular with the locals is served in most places. For better service and more diverse food selection, there are a lot of small restaurants and cafes. Some restaurants have prices comparable to Europe, although if you eat only in those you may find yourself being ripped off. For a quick lunch, try fast food stores and pizzerias, these can be found on nearly every corner. Beef is often under the veal part of the menu.

For groceries, there are small shops all over. Some are even located right in front of the apartment blocks just a few steps away from their entrances. For harder-to-find items, head to a supermarket. You will frequently also see markets or even one or two random people selling fruit and vegetables, and sometimes other products such as honey or "brinza" (type of cheese). The majority of these are fresh and perfectly safe to eat and frequently better than what is found in a supermarket.

For fresh fruits and vegetables, open-air markets are the best option. 'Piata Centrala' - 'Central Market' is - as the name implies - in the center of the city and runs more than two whole city blocks. Other districts/neighborhoods such as Ciocana also have large markets. Most of the items for sale are locally-produced, but there are a lot of sellers who sell imports; mostly oranges, bananas and other tropical fruits/vegetables. Some say that it is best to buy meat and dairy products from supermarkets or shops because they think the quality is much better than in the market for nearly the same prices.

However, the vendors at the market will let you taste the cheese prior to your purchase so you can decide if it is something that you want to eat. When you first walk into the 'cheese halls', it may look like all of the vendors standing next to each other are selling the same product For hard cheese which tend to be re-sold from larger distributors, it may be the same. However, for cheeses that are locally-made, there are slight variations that arise from even slight differences in technique, variations in the level of salt for curing, differences in feed. 'Oi' means sheep, so this will have a slightly different flavor than cow 'vaca' or goat 'capra' cheeses. 'Cas' is a softer cheese, that is not aged like some of the other 'branza' which tends to be harder and saltier and recommended for Mamaliga - corn polenta. If you are uncertain about how to communicate the quantity you want, you can start by giving the vendor 20Lei or 40Lei depending on if you want a smaller or larger piece. Or, when they suggest a certain piece that might look too large, you can say 'jumatate' which means 'half', and then they will weigh it and tell you the price. You can ask them to write it down if you need by showing a pen and paper.

A classic 'fast-food' is the 'langos' which are fried dough with either 'cartofi' - potatoes, 'branza' - cheese, 'varza' - cabbage, or 'ficat' - liver. These are all made in the bakery in the second story of one of the buildings near the market and are sold by different vendors in identical glass wheel carts in different parts of 'Piata Centrala'.

A quick meal can also be put together with the marinated or pickled dishes that are sold at 'Piata Centrala'. Depending on the vendors, you might find marinated eggplant with onions, marinated shredded carrot, squash or mushrooms. There are also re-hydrated sea grasses (they said from the Black Sea) in white or green curly varieties in whole bunches, or smoother grasses that are more shredded. I didn't catch the names, but again, they will give you samples.


Budget

The orange Beleas stalls all around the city offer cheap and warm food which is very good in winter, and usually "quick and tasty" as advertised (repede si gustos) in Romanian. However they may not always heat it up properly which can mean it might not be so good so ask for fierbinte (boiling). Also, although it is usually nice, don't think about where it might have been before you bought it.

Foisor for cheap blini (pancakes/crepes) and zaema at 16 lei.

The canteen in the basement of the court building in Banulescu Bodoni Street is open from 11-12 and 1-4. The simple food is great value for money (25 lei for soup, main dish, and chefir; 40 lei max for a meal; 2 lei for tea). Walk up the street from the two parks, the court building is on the right just before ASEM University (Academia de Studii Economice din Moldova) on the left.

Sandwich Express (Sandwich and coffee shop), Decebal 91, Botanica(on the Decebal Boulevard, some 100 meters down from the Elat commercial center.), +373 22 558 008. 8.30-22.00. Sandwich Express is small, friendly and budget-friendly cafe that offers large sandwiches, coffees, fresh juices, free WiFi. 3-5 USD (PLN 16,68).

Express Bravo Cafenea BarStefan cel Mare si Sfant 130 (This is a small place virtually opposite the Mihai Eminescu Theatre. With your back to the theatre, cross the road, and walk a few metres to the right.). Food is arranged in trays and on plates behind glass. The menu changes and depending on who is working they might let you taste some before choosing a particular dish. The staff doesn't know English, but you can pick up a tray and point to what you want to eat. There is a better choice at lunch time. 10 - 45 Lei, or 1-4 USD.

You might also enjoy eating on the roof of McDonald's where the menu is virtually the same as in America (plus beer).

Star Kebabstr. Ismail 84. Chain of fast food restaurants in the style of McDonald's, serving kebab & falafel. 30-40 Lei, or about €2.


Mid-range

Andy's Pizza. is a fast food restaurant which is found all over the city. The quality of the food is very good depending on which dish and which outlet you go to, with some of the food being absolutely gross especially the pizza.

Pizza Celentanostr. Puskin. nice pizzas, chain famous in Ukraine, has three branches.

Pizza House, 133 Stefan Cel Mare, tel: 23-51-62, serves a variety of dishes including pizza, pasta and local favorites. They have a lunch special for about 50 Lei. Prices for a full meal range 40-100 Lei.

La Placinte. is another restaurant owned by the same people, serving traditional Moldovan cuisine. The quality of the food is far more reliable and good, at decent affordable prices far below that found in Western Europe.

Robin pub - medium sized place with a friendly English style pub atmosphere. This pub has a wide variety of meals from fish to pasta. Staff know a little English and menu is in English as well. This place is all smoking area. The food is fast, hot and decent.

The restaurant owned by the Green Hills company on Stephan Cel Mare is excellent, prices are comparable to European ones.

  • Smokehouse128 Stefan Cel Mare (entrance just downhill from Stefan on V. Alexandrei),  +373 (60) 619777, e-mail:. 11 AM - 10 PM. American BBQ in Chisinau. Smokehouse is run by 2 Americans and a Moldovan who have brought American style pulled pork, ribs, baked beans and other bbq specialties to Chisinau. Additionally they have 6 Moldovan craft beers on tap which is the most diversity in the city and their 1.5 L "beer flight" sampler is cheaply priced and a good way to jumpstart your knowledge of Moldovan beers

Coffe & Drink

Drinks such as vodka are served on their own. So don't be surprised if your vodka sprite is served as a 2 separate drinks. Also club soda seems difficult to procure, at least in English.

  • Wines - Moldavan wines, cognac, liquor and juice are all on par with the best of Eastern Europe. For one thing, manufacturers tend to use only organic products. Secondly, these products are made in the traditional way. Restaurants tend to sell only local wines, but only those of the highest standards.

One of the very best wines of Moldova is from the wine plantation of Purcari and even if you live in the United States you can buy Purcari wines from Purcari and their importer Moldova Traders ( www.moldovtraders.com )

  • Beer - Moldovan beer is one of the best in Europe. A very famous is named "Bere Chişinău". It was awarded with the Nr.1 Gold Medal at the Nuremberg beer competition in 2007, beating German, Czech and others. It can be found in all the bars on every street in Chişinău, so finding a place for a drink is not a problem. However, good bars and restaurants with a pleasant atmosphere can be difficult to find. So watch where you stop.

Beer House bar and restaurant on bd C. Negruzzi, has a wide range of beers (some brewed on the premises) and a good menu. Prices for a full meal with drinks range from 150-500 Lei.

Sights & Landmarks

  • Cathedral Park (Parkul Catedralei) (in the very centre).The centre is adorned with the Nativity Cathedral, the main church for the city. To the Southwest is the Triumphal archconstructed in 1841 which is the center piece of The Great National Assembly Square. Across Stefan cel Mare Boulevard is the Government House. The city’s biggest flower market is on the north side of the park along Banulescu Bodoni street. At the intersection of Stefan cel Mare and Banulescu Bodoni is a statue of Stefan cel Mare.
  • Stefan Cel Mare Monument(Monumentul lui Ștefan cel Mare).The monument to Stephen III of Moldovia who in the 15th century achieved European fame by resisting the Turkish advances. The monument is the gateway to the beautiful park of the same name.
  • Rose Valley (lines T2, T3, T7, T9 or T10). A nine hectare park featuring three major lakes and several restaurants
  • Riscani Park (bus 5 or A). A big, 32 hectare wooded park offering you pleasant, almost secluded walks.
  • Botanica Park. The most beautiful and the largest in Chişinău, situated near the Gates Of The City. Next to Botanica - if you head west after you exit the gates - cross Strada Aeroportului, and then you can find a path which will take you towards the first, and so far only building, that is on the land designated as the Village Museum - Muzeul Satului. It is a wooden church built in the 1600s brought piece by piece to Chisinau from the village of Hiriseni (74 km north of Chisinau). There is a new wooden gate with traditional carvings leading up to the museum.
  • Parcul Valea Morilor. Very large park with a recently renovated lake and which offers acres of largely untouched countryside scenery in the heart of the city.
  • Parcul Dendrariu. A large park in Buiucani (which costs 2 lei to enter). Nice gardens, lake, forests and sports field.
  • Parcul Alunelul. Situated near a former Soviet theme park, this contains a strange door-less and window-less house, as well as a memorial to the pogroms in Chişinău in the first part of the 20th Century.
  • Jewish Cemetery (in Buiucani). The cemetery is still in use. Contains new and very old graves, and used to be one of the largest Jewish cemetery in Europe. Bear in mind that at one point between 40 and 60% of Chişinău's population was Jewish. It also contains an old destroyed synagogue and a monument for the Torah scrolls.
  • Courtyard on the corner of Str. 31 August & Str. Tighina 47, you can find here the Military Museum, containing all sorts of Soviet Era military vehicles (tanks, a MIG fighter jet, etc.)
  • Memorial Park. A little way-out of the center is the is a memorial commemorating the victory of the Soviet army in WWII. There is also an eternal flame in memory of Chişinău's unknown soldiers who died in WWII. It's behind the military and civilian cemeteries.

Museums & Galleries

  • Pushkin MuseumStr Anton Pann 19. You can visit the house where the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin lived when in exile from Russia during the years 1820-23.
  • National Archaeology & History MuseumStr 31 August 1989, 121A.Spend a few hours exploring the exhibits.
  • National Ethnographic and Natural History Museum (Muzeul naţional de etnografie şi istorie naturală), Str M Kogălniceanu 82. The palaeontological part of the exhibition includes a skeleton of Deinotherium, a fearsome prehistoric relative of elephants. 20 lei, 15 lei if you can flash a student card.
  • National Museum of Fine Arts (Muzeul Naţional de Artă), 115, 31 August 1989 Street.

Things to do

  • Opera and Ballet Theatre (Teatrul de operă și balet). Catch a show of one of the top ballet companies in Eastern Europe. The company has toured all over the world, from Tokyo to Johannesburg. Show times and information can be found at the website.
  • Mihai Eminescu TheatreStefan cel Mare si Sfant Blvd 79. This beautiful old theatre has floor seating and two balconies. They have multiple productions running at the same time, so you if you are staying for a week, you may have four different plays to choose from - and films in the 'studio'. Comedies tend to communicate better if you don't know the language.
  • The National FilharmonicStr. Mihai Eminescu (just north of Stefan cel Mare si Sfant). Some shows start as early as 5pm.
  • Patria Movietheatre. Check for 'In Original English Language'. If not, it might be dubbed in Russian with Moldovan/Romanian subtitles.

Festivals and events

Chișinău, as well as Moldova as a whole, still show signs of ethnic culture. Signs that say "Patria Mea" (English: My homeland) can be found all over the capital. While few people still wear traditional Moldavian attire, large public events often draw in such original costumes.

Moldova National Wine Day and Wine Festival take place every year in the first weekend of October, in Chișinău. The events celebrate the fall harvest and recognizes the country's long history of winemaking, which dates back some 500 years.

Nightlife


Clubs

There are more than 40 night clubs in Chişinău, making its night life vibrant and dynamic. Here are some of the best of them.

City club - tucked in behind the parliament buildings this dome shaped club offers tables that can be reserved for 300 lei in the back and 200 lei right on the dance floor. All the tables may look reserved but they are open for purchase. Listen to the electronic music among the red decor. 35 lei cover. 2 floors. Coat check is available. Do not be surprised if the bouncers begin shoving you around - if you get too close to a VIP table, take a drink too far from the bar, or do not move out of the way quickly enough when performers enter the dancefloor.

Booze time club - a club with a slight rustic feel as it is nearly all wood. Somewhat of a university bar feel. Electronic music. Upstairs bar and lounge area. No cover. Connected to City club but for staff only. Booze time will be more full than city on off nights. Coat check available. Bartenders here like to put on a show as well.

Deja vu - a smaller basement pub club. Quite intimate but watch out for the harmless bar top antics where staff pour drinks down customers' throats in a sexually suggestive manner. Be sure to order the flaming sambuca. It's a good show. A mix of pop electronica and club rnb. just don't be surprised if your bar tab ends up being twice as high as expected. But as some shots involve 3-4 staff working to keep you safe as the entire bar is engulfed in flames while bar tenders juggle liqueur bottles turned Molotov cocktails. Cash only (they take euros).

Drive - destination for those who appreciate the real quality club recreation. Powerful energy and surrounding you absolutely powerless sound and modern rhythm will make you to love it at a glance. A wide bar range and a variety of recipes will surprise even the most demanding taste. Also, there is always fresh beer, and a huge selection of cocktails and alcoholic drinks.

Military - the place where Military Club now occupies, brought together people that were symbols of their times. People like Vladimir Visotsky, Andrei Tarkovsky, Andrei Mironov, Nona Mordukova, Stefan Petrache, Mashina Vremeni, and many others. Today, this plight is continued by the heroes of our time. On this same place, but with a different name – Military Club, the bright and orange future, promises a new milestone in the capital-city era.

Things to know

English is spoken in restaurants and some of the markets. Even some taxi drivers speak a little English. Young people are much more likely to speak English than the older generation. In Chişinău most people know Russian and Romanian . If you plan to travel outside Chişinău it would be helpful to pick up some Romanian and about the only language spoken outside of the city is Romanian. In Gagauzia a Turkic language is spoken. Only 30% of the people in Moldova speak some English and the country is far behind with schools that teach the English language.

There is only a single national broadcast television station. For the most part, TV channels are piped in from Russia, Ukraine, Romania and even Georgia. Euronews, Eurosport, CNN, Discovery Channel, etc. are on cable, but in Russian mostly. Not every home in the city has continual hot water. If you will be staying in a private home, be sure to ASK whether there is 24-hour hot water.

Safety in Chisinau

Stay Safe

Use your common sense at all times! Be aware that when entering some buildings at night, you will have to walk through unlit alleyways. So when traveling through Chişinău, always carry a small flash light. The street lights are quite sparsely positioned and it is a good idea to plan your arrival for day-light hours.

Watch out about night life: the U.S. State Department warns about Russian dating schemes also very common in Moldova and other kind of financial scams. Though, the average backpacker has very little to worry about unless looking for a "Russian bride".

Also, it is worth noting there is occasional police corruption aimed at foreigners. This will usually involve getting arrested for something ridiculously minor, with extra fictional offences added on for dramatic effect, in an attempt to scare you into paying a "high" bribe (maybe a few euros). Most police will not speak any English, and you can expect a lengthy lecture in Romanian/Russian. Be sure to always carry at least a good quality photocopy of your passports. However, this corruption is very rare and usually requires one does something actually illegal.

Very High / 8.4

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Low / 3.3

Safety (Walking alone - night)

Moldova - Travel guide

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