Spa town in Poland
Busko-Zdrój is a spa town in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland. It is the capital of Busko County. In 2010, its population was 32,274.
Busko-Zdroj is a rapidly growing recreation and sanatorium resort and administrative centre. The surrounding villages meanwhile are a valuable agricultural region and dominated with the cultivation of fruit and vegetables but the most fashionable sphere of operation amongst the larger farms is agri-tourism.
Busko-Zdroj is one of Poland's major spa centres. It is located in the southern part of the Province, about 50km south of Kielce and 80km north of Krakow. It lies at an altitude about 220m and 250m above sea level in a region known as the "Ponidzie" which extends to the slopes of the "Wojczansko-Pinczowski Rise". The city has wonderful ecological conditions as there is no industry in a 50km radius. Certain elements of the spa can be found on the southern edge of the town.
Busko has a lowland climate, moderately stimulating, with continental characteristics. Extreme temperatures can reach as high as 60°C but the average annual temperatures are between 7°C and 8°C which are some of the highest in Poland. Busko-Zdroj belongs to the "medium-dry" types of spa as the annual relative humidity is between 71% and 80% and with approximately 1151 hours of sunshine annually is one of the sunniest spa centres in the country. The bioclimatic conditions in Busko-Zdroj are essential for the accurate treatment of many diseases, especially patients with impaired systemic circulation.
The greatest wealth of the Busko lands is the mineral waters and the mud which are natural therapeutic agents. The waters extracted from the wells at the spa fall into two categories, sulphur and a combination of iodine and bromide. The former is among one of the rarest mineral waters and its healing properties makes Busko-Zdroj one of a few unique spa centres in Europe. Sulphur penetrates the skin into the bloodstream and assists with the healing of tendons, ligaments, cartilage, bones and other internal organs. The iodine and bromide waters are used for certain diseases of the circulatory system and autonomic nervous system. The selenium present in this water is necessary to maintain healthy heart muscles and blood vessels.
Walking and sightseeing are treated as medicinal agents, supporting the treatments in Busko. A wonderful spa garden designed in the 19th century is an area of attractive walks. The park, with many species of unique trees and the adjoining pine forest form an ideal base for sports and outdoor activities. For tourists, there are three marked trails of varying degrees of length and difficulty which are suitable for cycling in the summer and cross-country skiing in the winter months. Further themed cycle trails are planned which will follow in the footsteps of secular and sacral architecture as well as nature.