Spa town in Poland
Jelenia Góra is a city in Lower Silesia, south-western Poland. Jelenia Góra is located within the Lower Silesian Voivodeship, close to the Krkonoše mountain range running along the Polish-Czech border – ski resorts such as Karpacz and Szklarska Poręba are situated 10 to 15 kilometres (6 to 9 miles) from the town. The city constitutes a separate urban gmina and city county, as well as being the seat of surrounding Jelenia Góra County. In 2009 the population of Jelenia Góra was 84,564. The area, including the oldest spa district of Cieplice, is one of the most valued recreational and leisure spots in the Poland.
The town's history dates back to as early as the 10th century, but the settlement was granted town rights under Polish rule in 1288. Jelenia Góra was founded on important trade routes linking the Holy Roman Empire and Bohemia with Eastern Europe. The region flourished as a result of trade privileges that became the basis for the establishment of weaving and mining industries during the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance periods. In 1392, the town was incorporated into Bohemia and subsequently into the Habsburg Empire. Jelenia Góra witnessed many historical conflicts such as the Thirty Years' War and the decisive Silesian Wars for which it was ceded to Prussia. During World War II, the town miraculously survived from destruction and was handed over to Poland following the Potsdam Agreement in 1945.
The central suburb of Jelenia Góra possesses many historical and architectural structures of great significance, including the 17th-century Town Hall, baroque churches and a restored central marketplace as well as parks and gardens. The name of the town translates to Deer Mountain in Polish and German due to its geographical and topographical location. The nearby Karkonosze National Park, visited by over 1.5 million tourists annually, has its headquarters in Jelenia Góra.