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Poland

Destinations

Destinations


Regions

Poland's administrative regions are called województwa, abbreviated "woj.". The word is translated as voivodeship or province.

 Central Poland (Łódzkie, Mazowieckie)
Central Poland is focused around the capital city of Warsaw and the large city of Łódź with rich textile manufacturing heritage
 Southern Poland (Małopolskie, Śląskie)
Home to spectacular mountain ranges, the world's oldest operating salt mines, fantastic landscapes, caves, historical monuments and cities. The magnificent medieval city of Kraków is Poland's most-visited destination, while the Silesian conurbation is the largest in the country.
 Southwestern Poland (Dolnośląskie, Opolskie)
Colorful mixture of different landscapes. One of the warmest regions in Poland with the very popular, dynamic city of Wrocław. Within this region you will find Polish, German and Czech heritage.
 Northwestern Poland (Lubuskie, Wielkopolskie, Zachodniopomorskie)
A varied landscape, profusion of wildlife, bird-watcher's paradise and inland dunes. Much of this part of Poland belonged to Germany for centuries, which shaped its heritage.
 Northern Poland (Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Pomorskie, Warmińsko-Mazurskie)
Home to Poland's attractive seaside; sandy beaches with dunes and cliffs; lakes, rivers and forests.
 Eastern Poland (Lubelskie, Podkarpackie, Świętokrzyskie, Podlaskie)
Very green area filled with lakes. It offers unspoiled nature and the possibility of camping in beautiful countryside. Unique primeval forests and picturesque rivers (e.g. Biebrza river) with protected bird species make the region increasingly interesting for tourists.

Cities

  • Warsaw — capital of Poland, and one of the EU's thriving new business centres; the old town, nearly completely destroyed during World War II, has been rebuilt in a style inspired by classicist paintings of Canaletto.
  • Gdańsk — formerly known as Danzig; one of the old, beautiful European cities, rebuilt after World War II. Located in the centre of the Baltic coast, it's a great departure point to the many sea resorts along the Baltic coast.
  • Katowice — central district of the Upper Silesian Metropolis, both an important commercial hub and a centre of culture.
  • Kraków — the "cultural capital" of Poland and its historical capital in the Middle Ages; its centre is filled with old churches, monuments, the largest European medieval market-place - and more recently trendy pubs and art galleries. Its city centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Lublin — the biggest city in Eastern Poland, it has a well-preserved old town with typical Polish architecture, along with unusual Renaissance elements (the so-called Lublin Renaissance).
  • Łódź — once renowned for its textile industries, the "Polish Manchester" has the longest walking street in Europe, the Piotrkowska Street, full of picturesque 19th-century architecture.
  • Poznań — the merchant city, considered to be the birthplace of the Polish nation and church (along with Gniezno); presents a mixture of architecture from all epoques.
  • Szczecin — most important city of Pomerania with an enormous harbour, monuments, old parks and museums.
  • Wrocław — an old Silesian city with great history; placed on 12 islands, it has more bridges than any other European town except Venice, Amsterdam and Hamburg.

Other destinations

  • Auschwitz-Birkenau — An infamous complex of German Nazi extermination and slave labour camps that became the centre of the holocaust of Jews during World War II. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Białowieża National Park — a huge area of ancient woodland straddling the border with Belarus. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Bory Tucholskie National Park — national park protecting the Tucholskie Forests.
  • Kalwaria Zebrzydowska — monastery in the Beskids from 1600 with Mannerist architecture and a Stations of the Cross complex. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Karkonosze National Park — national park in the Sudety around the Śnieżka Mountain with beautiful waterfalls.
  • Malbork — home to the Malbork Castle, the beautiful huge Gothic castle made of brick and the largest one in Europe. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Słowiński National Park — national park next to the Baltic Sea with the biggest dunes in Europe
  • Wieliczka Salt Mine — the oldest still existing enterprise worldwide, this salt mine was exploited continuously since the 13th century. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Wielkopolski National Park — national park in Greater Poland protecting the wildlife of the Wielkopolskie Lakes.

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Poland - Travel guide

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