WROCLAW

Poland

Wrocław is the largest city in western Poland. It is on the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands of Central Europe, roughly 350 kilometres (220 mi) from the Baltic Sea to the north and 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the Sudeten Mountains to the south. Wrocław is the historical capital of Silesia and Lower Silesia. Today, it is the capital of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship. At various times in history, it has been part of the Kingdom of Poland, Bohemia, Hungary, the Austrian Empire, Prussia, and Germany. It became part of Poland in 1945, as a result of the border changes after the Second World War. The population of Wrocław in 2015 was 635 759, making it the fourth-largest city in Poland.

Info Wrocław

introduction

Wrocław is the largest city in western Poland. It is on the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands of Central Europe, roughly 350 kilometres (220 mi) from the Baltic Sea to the north and 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the Sudeten Mountains to the south. Wrocław is the historical capital of Silesia and Lower Silesia. Today, it is the capital of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship. At various times in history, it has been part of the Kingdom of Poland, Bohemia, Hungary, the Austrian Empire, Prussia, and Germany. It became part of Poland in 1945, as a result of the border changes after the Second World War. The population of Wrocław in 2015 was 635 759, making it the fourth-largest city in Poland.

Wrocław classified as a global city by GaWC, with the ranking of high sufficiency and living standard. It was among 230 cities in the world in the ranking of the consulting company Mercer — "Best City to Live" in 2015 and the only Polish city in this ranking has been recognized as a city growing at the business center.

In 2016, the city is a European Capital of Culture and the World Book Capital. Also, Wrocław will host the Theatre Olympics, World Bridge Games and the European Film Awards in 2016, IFLA Annual Conference and World Games in 2017.

info
POPULATION :• City 635,759
• Metro 1,164,600
FOUNDED : Established 10th century
City rights 1214
TIME ZONE :• Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
LANGUAGE : Polish
RELIGION : Roman Catholic 89.8% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3%
AREA : 292.92 km2 (113.10 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 105-155 m (−400 ft)
COORDINATES : 51°6′N 17°2′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 48.3%
 Female: 51.7%
ETHNIC : Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7%
AREA CODE :71
POSTAL CODE : 50-041 to 54-612
DIALING CODE :+48 71
WEBSITE :  www.wroclaw.pl

Tourism

The Tourist Information Centre (Polish:Centrum Informacji Turystycznej) is located on the Market Square in building No.14.

There is free wireless Internet (Wi-Fi) access on the market.


Landmarks and points of interest

Ostrów Tumski is the oldest part of the city of Wrocław. It was formerly an island (ostrów in Old Polish) known as the Cathedral Island between the branches of the Oder River, featuring the Wrocław Cathedral built originally in the mid 10th century.

The 13th century Main Market Square(Rynek) prominently displays the Old Town Hall. In the north-west corner of the market square there is the St. Elisabeth's Church (Bazylika Św. Elżbiety) with its 91,46 m tower, which has an observation deck (75 m). North of the church are the Shambles with Monument of Remembrance of Animals for Slaughter (pl). Salt Square (now a flower market) is located at the south-western corner of the market square. Close to the square, between Szewska and Łaciarska streets, there is the St. Mary Magdalene Church (Kościół Św. Marii Magdaleny) established in the 13th century.

The Centennial Hall (Hala Stulecia;German: Jahrhunderthalle) designed byMax Berg in 1911–1913 is a World Heritage Site inscribed by UNESCO in 2006.

Other points of interest include:

  • Wrocław Zoo with an Africarium-Oceanarium - the oldest and largest (in terms of the number of species and animals) zoo in Poland
  • Multimedia Fountain
  • Szczytnicki Park with Japanese Garden (Wrocław) (pl)
  • Botanical Garden in Wrocław (pl) - founded 1811
  • Olympic Stadium
  • Municipal Stadium - UEFA Euro 2012 arena
  • The Sky Tower (200 m)
  • Poland's largest model railway "Kolejkowo" on Station Świebodzki
  • University of Wrocław with Mathematical Tower
  • Church of the Name of Jesus (pl)
  • Wrocław water tower
  • Wrocław Palace which houses the Wrocław City Museum
  • White Stork Synagogue
  • Old Jewish Cemetery, Wrocław
  • Cemetery of Italian Soldiers
  • Wrocław Main Station
  • Piast Brewery
  • Wrocław Opera
  • Słodowa Island
  • Polinka - gondola lift

A popular means of sightseeing is sailing in small passenger vessels on the Oder, or exploring the streets on historic trams or converted open-topped historic bus Jelcz 043. Another interesting way to explore the city is seeking out Wrocław's dwarfs. The nearby Mount Ślęża is a popular destination for tourists.


Swimming

  • Aquapark Wrocław (all year)
  • Wrocław SPA Center (all year)
  • Orbita (in reconstruction)
  • swimming pool AWF Wrocław (all year)
  • swimming pool WKS Śląsk Wrocław (all year)
  • Sports center and swimming "Redeco" (all year)
  • Morskie Oko (only in summer)
  • Glinianki WakePark Wrocław (Pedalo, Skimboarding, Wakeboarding,Waterskiing)(only in summer)
  • Królewiecki pond (only in summer)
  • swimming pool Kłokoczyce (only in summer)

Shopping malls

  • Galeria Handlowa Sky Tower
  • Galeria Dominikańska
  • Pasaż Grunwaldzki
  • Arkady Wrocławskie
  • Magnolia Park
  • Centrum Korona
  • Renoma, a 1930s department store of architectural interest over and above its shopping value
  • Feniks
  • Wrocław Market Hall

Entertainment

The city is famous for its large number of nightclubs and pubs. Most of them are in the Market Square and the surrounding areas, as well as the Niepolda passage, the railway wharf on the Bogusławskiego street. The basement of the old City Hall houses one of the oldest restaurants in Europe - Piwnica Świdnicka (operating since around 1275), while the basement of the new City Hall contains the brewpubSpiż. Other Wrocław craft breweries it: three brewpubs - Browar Stu Mostów, Browar Staromiejski Złoty Pies, Browar Rodzinny Prost; one microbrewery - Profesja; two contract brewing - Doctor Brew and Genius Loci.

Several Go go bars, strip clubs and a large number of escort agencies are located within the city. The shopping center Magnolia Park features a 5Dcinema. The Thanks Jimi Festival takes place every year.

In Wrocław, every year on the second weekend of June is held one of Europe's largest beer festivals - Festival of Good Beer.

History

The city of Wrocław originated at the intersection of two trade routes, the Via Regia and the Amber Road. In ancient times at or near Wrocław was a place called Budorigum. It has been mapped to the ancient Ptolemy map of the years 142-147 AD. Settlements in the area existed from the 6th century onward, when a Slavic tribe Ślężans settled on the Oder and erected on Ostrów Tumski agord.

The city was first recorded in the 10th century as Vratislavia, the Bohemian duke Vratislaus I founded here a Bohemian stronghold. Vratislavia was possibly derived from the duke's name Vratislav. In 990, Duke Mieszko I of Poland conquered Silesia including Wroclaw. The town was mentioned explicitly in the year 1000 in connection with a founding of a bishopric.


Middle Ages

The medieval chronicle, Gesta principum Polonorum, written by Gallus Anonymus in 1112-1116 AD, named Wrocław, along with Kraków andSandomierz, as one of the three capitals of the Polish Kingdom.

During Wrocław's early history, the control over it changed hands between Bohemia (until 992, then 1038–1054), the Kingdom of Poland (992–1038 and 1054–1202), and after the fragmentation of the Kingdom of Poland, the Piast-ruled duchy of Silesia. One of the most important events during this period was the foundation of the Diocese of Wrocław by the Polish Duke (from 1025 King)Bolesław the Brave in 1000. Along with the Bishoprics of Kraków and Kołobrzeg, Wrocław was placed under the Archbishopric of Gniezno in Greater Poland, founded by Pope Sylvester II through the intercession of the Emperor Otto III in 1000, during the Congress of Gniezno. In the years 1034-1038 the city was affected by Pagan reaction in Poland.

The city became a commercial centre and expanded to Wyspa Piasek (Sand Island), and then to the left bank of the River Oder. Around 1000, the town had about 1,000 inhabitants. By 1139, a settlement belonging to Governor Piotr Włostowic (a.k.a. Piotr Włast Dunin) was built, and another was founded on the left bank of the River Oder, near the present seat of the University. While the city was Polish, there were also communities of Bohemians, Jews,Walloons and Germans.

In the 13th century, Wrocław was the political centre of the divided Polish kingdom.  In April 1241, during fearing the First Mongol invasion of Poland the city was abandoned by the inhabitants and burned for strategic reasons. During the battles with the Mongols the Wrocław Castle was defended by Henry II the Pious and was never captured.

After the Mongol invasion the town was partly populated by German settlers who, in the following centuries, would gradually become its dominant ethnic group; the city, however, retained its multi-ethnic character, a reflection of its position as an important trading city on the Via Regia and the Amber Road.

With the influx of settlers the town expanded and adopted in 1242 German town law. The city council used Latin and German, and "Breslau", the Germanized name of the city, appeared for the first time in written records.  The enlarged town covered around 60 hectares, and the new main market square, which was surrounded by timber frame houses, became the new centre of the town. The original foundation, Ostrów Tumski, became the religious center. The city adopted Magdeburg rights in 1261. The Polish Piast dynasty  remained in control of the region, but the right of the city council to govern independently increased.

In 1335, Wrocław, and almost all of Silesia, was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia, then a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1342 and 1344, two fires destroyed large parts of the city. The city joined the Hanseatic Leaguein 1387.

In June 5, 1443, the city was affected by an earthquake of the strength of at least 6 degrees on the Richter scale, which destroyed or seriously damaged many buildings in the city. From 1469-1490 it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary and the King of Hungary Matthias Corvinus even had a mistress from the city with whom he had a son. In 1474, the city left the Hanseatic League. In 1475, Kasper Elyan printed in Wrocław Statuta Synodalia Episcoporum Wratislaviensium, first in the history of printing in the Polish language, it contains three Catholic prayers.


Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-Reformation

The Protestant Reformation reached the town in 1518 and the city became Protestant. However, from 1526 Silesia was ruled by the Catholic House of Habsburg. In 1618, it supported theBohemian Revolt out of fear of losing the right to freedom of religious expression. During the ensuing Thirty Years' War, the city was occupied by Saxon and Swedish troops, and lost 18,000 of 40,000 citizens to plague.

The Austrian emperor brought in theCounter-Reformation by encouraging Catholic orders to settle in the city, starting in 1610 with the Franciscans, followed by Jesuits, Capuchins, and finally Ursulines in 1687. These orders erected buildings which shaped the city's appearance until 1945. At the end of the Thirty Years' War, however, it was one of only a few Silesian cities to stay Protestant.

The precise record keeping of births and deaths by the city led to the use of their data for analysis of mortality, first by John Graunt, and then later by Edmond Halley. Halley's tables and analysis, published in 1693, are considered to be the first true actuarial tables, and thus the foundation of modern actuarial science.

During the Counter-Reformation, the intellectual life of the city flourished, as the Protestant bourgeoisie lost its role to the Catholic orders as the patron of the arts. The city became the centre of German Baroque literature and was home to the First and Second Silesian school of poets.

The Kingdom of Prussia annexed the town and most of Silesia during the War of the Austrian Succession in the 1740s. Habsburg empress Maria Theresaceded the territory in the Treaty of Breslau in 1742.


Napoleonic Wars

During the Napoleonic Wars, it was occupied by an army of the Confederation of the Rhine. The fortifications of the city were leveled and monasteries and cloisters were secularised. The Protestant Viadrina European University of Frankfurt (Oder) was relocated to Breslau in 1811, and united with the local Jesuit University to create the new Silesian Frederick-William University (Schlesische Friedrich-Wilhelm-Universität, now University of Wrocław). The city became the centre of the German Liberation movement against Napoleon, and the gathering place for volunteers from all over Germany, with the Iron Cross military decoration founded by Frederick William III of Prussia in early March 1813. The city was the centre of Prussian mobilisation for the campaign which ended at Leipzig.


Prussia and Germany

Napoleonic redevelopments increased prosperity in Silesia and the city. The levelled fortifications opened space for the city to grow beyond its old limits. Breslau became an important railway hub and industrial centre, notably of linen and cotton manufacture and metal industry. The reconstructed university served as a major centre of sciences, while the secularisation of life laid the base for a rich museum landscape.Johannes Brahms wrote his Academic Festival Overture to thank the university for an honorary doctorate awarded in 1881.

In 1821, (Arch)Diocese of Breslau was disentangled from the Polish ecclesiastical province (archbishopric) in Gniezno and made Breslau an exempt bishopric. On October 10, 1854, the Jewish Theological Seminary opened. The institution was the first modern rabbinical seminary in Central Europe. In 1863 the brothers Karl and Louis Stangen founded the travel agency Stangen, this was the second travel agency in the world.

The Unification of Germany in 1871 turned Breslau into the sixth-largest city in the German Empire. Its population more than tripled to over half a million between 1860 and 1910. The 1900 census listed 422,709 residents.

In 1890, construction began on the forts of Breslau Fortress. Important landmarks were inaugurated in 1910, the Kaiser bridge and the Technical University, which now houses the Wrocław University of Technology. The 1900 census listed 98% as German-speakers, with 5,363 Polish-speakers (1.3%), and another 3,103 (0.7%) speaking both German and Polish. The population was 58% Protestant, 37% Catholic (including at least 2% Polish) and 5% Jewish (totaling 20,536 in the 1905 census). The Jewish community of Breslau was among the most important in Germany, producing several distinguished artists and scientists.

Since 1912 Head of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Wrocławand director of the Clinic of Psychiatry (Königlich Psychiatrischen und Nervenklinik) was Alois Alzheimer.

In 1912, the Wrocław University professor William Stern introduced the concept of IQ.

In 1913, the newly built Centennial Hall housed the "Ausstellung zur Jahrhundertfeier der Freiheitskriege", an exhibition commemorating the 100th anniversary of the historical German Wars of Liberation against Napoleon and the first award of the Iron Cross.

Following World War I, Breslau became the capital of the newly created Prussian Province of Lower Silesia of the Weimar Republic in 1919. After the War the Polish community began holding masses in the Polish language at theChurch of Saint Anne, and, as of 1921, at St. Martin's; a Polish consulate was opened on the Main Square, and a Polish School was founded by Helena Adamczewska (pl).

In August 1920, during the Polish Silesian Uprising in Upper Silesia, the Polish Consulate and School were destroyed, while the Polish Library was burned down by a mob. The number of Poles as a percentage of the total population fell to just 0.5% after the reconstitution of Poland in 1918, when many moved to Poland. Antisemitic riots occurred in 1923.

The city boundaries were expanded between 1925 and 1930 to include an area of 175 km2 (68 sq mi) with a population of 600,000. In 1929, the Werkbundopened WuWa (German: Wohnungs- und Werkraumausstellung) in Breslau-Scheitnig, an international showcase of modern architecture by architects of the Silesian branch of the Werkbund. In June 1930, Breslau hosted the Deutsche Kampfspiele, a sporting event for German athletes after Germany was excluded from the Olympic Games after World War I. The number of Jews remaining in Breslau fell from 23,240 in 1925 to 10,659 in 1933.  Up to the beginning of World War II, Breslau was the largest city in Germany east of Berlin.

Known as a stronghold of left wing liberalism during the German Empire, Breslau eventually became one of the strongest support bases of the Nazis, who in the 1932 elections received 44% of the city's vote, their third-highest total in all Germany.

KZ Dürrgoy- one of the first concentration camps in the Third Reich - was set up in Wrocław in 1933.

After Hitler's appointment as German Chancellor in 1933, political enemies of the Nazis were persecuted, and their institutions closed or destroyed; theGestapo began actions against Polish and Jewish students (see: Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau), Communists, Social Democrats, and trade unionists. Arrests were made for speaking Polish in public, and in 1938 the Nazi-controlled police destroyed the Polish cultural centre. Many of the city's 10,000 Jews, as well as many others seen as 'undesirable' by the Third Reich, were sent to concentration camps; those Jews who remained were killed during the Holocaust. A network of concentration camps and forced labour camps was established around Breslau, to serve industrial concerns, includingFAMO, Junkers and Krupp. Tens of thousands were imprisoned there.

The last big event organised by the Nazi Sports Body, called Deutsches Turn-und-Sportfest (Gym and Sports Festivities), took place in Breslau from 26 to 31 July 1938. The Sportsfest was held to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the German Wars of Liberation against Napoleon's invasion.


World War II and afterwards

For most of World War II, the fighting did not affect Breslau. In 1941 the remnants of the pre-war Polish minority in the city, as well as Polish slave labourers, organised a resistance group called Olimp. The organisation gathered intelligence, carrying out sabotage, and organizing aid for Polish slave workers. As the war continued, refugees from bombed-out German cities, and later refugees from farther east, swelled the population to nearly one million,  including 51,000 forced labourers in 1944, and 9,876 Allied PoWs. At the end of 1944 an additional 30,000-60,000 Poles were moved into the city after Nazis crushed the Warsaw Uprising. In February 1945 the Soviet Red Army approached the city. Gauleiter Karl Hanke declared the city a Festung (fortress) to be held at all costs. Hanke finally lifted a ban on the evacuation of women and children when it was almost too late. During his poorly organised evacuation in January 1945, 18,000 people froze to death in icy snowstorms and −20 °C (−4 °F) weather. By the end of the Battle of Breslau, half the city had been destroyed. An estimated 40,000 civilians lay dead in the ruins of homes and factories. After a siege of nearly three months, Hanke surrendered on 6 May 1945, two days before the end of the war. In August the Soviets placed the city under the control of German anti-fascists.

Along with almost all of Lower Silesia, however, the city became part of Poland under the terms of the Potsdam Conference. The Polish name of "Wrocław" was declared official. There had been discussion among the Western Allies to place the southern Polish-German boundary on the Glatzer Neisse, which meant post-war Germany would have been allowed to retain approximately half of Silesia, including Breslau. However, the Soviets insisted the border be drawn at the Lusatian Neisse farther west.


After the war

In August 1945, the city had a German population of 189,500, and a Polish population of 17,000; that was soon to change. Almost all of the German inhabitants fled or were forcibly expelled between 1945 and 1949 and were settled in the Soviet occupation zone and Allied Occupation Zones in Germany. The city's last pre-war German school was closed in 1963. A small German minority (about 1,000 people) remains in the city. The Polish population was dramatically increased by the resettlement of Poles during postwar population transfers during the forced deportations from Polish lands annexed by the Soviet Union in the east region, many of whom came from Lviv (Lwów), Volhynia and Vilnius Region.

Wrocław is now a unique European city of mixed heritage, with architecture influenced by Bohemian, Austrian and Prussian traditions, such as Silesian Gothic and its Baroque style of court builders of Hapsburg Austria (Fischer von Erlach). Wrocław has a number of notable buildings by German modernist architects including the famous Centennial Hall (Hala Stulecia orJahrhunderthalle) (1911–1913) designed by Max Berg. In 1948, Wrocław organized the Recovered Territories Exhibition and the World Congress of Intellectuals in Defense of Peace.

In 1963 Wrocław was declared a closed city because of a smallpox epidemic.

At the beginning of June 1982, during the martial law in Poland was founded Fighting Solidarity - anti-communist underground organization, and in August -Orange Alternative. In 1983 and 1997, Pope John Paul II visited the city.

PTV Echo - the first non-state TV in Poland and in the post-communist countries began to broadcast in Wrocław at February 6, 1990.

In May 1997, Wrocław hosted the 46th International Eucharistic Congress.

In July 1997, the city was heavily affected by a flood of the River Oder, the worst flooding in post-war Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. About one-third of the area of the city was flooded. An earlier equally devastating flood of the river took place in 1903. A small part of the city was also flooded during the flood in 2010. From 2012-2015 the Wrocław water node (pl) was renovated and redeveloped to prevent further flooding. It cost more than 900 million PLN (~220 million euro).

Climate

Wrocław is one of the warmer cities in Poland. Lying in the Silesian Lowlands between Trzebnickie Hills and the Sudetes, the mean annual temperature is 9.8 °C (50 °F). The coldest month is January (average temperature −0.5 °C), with snow being common in winter, and the warmest is July (average temperature 19.9 °C). The highest temperature in Wrocław was 8 August 2015 (+38.9 °C). The lowest temperature was 8 January 1985 (−29.4 °C).

Climate data for Wrocław

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)19.7
(67.5)
20.1
(68.2)
25.4
(77.7)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
38.0
(100.4)
37.9
(100.2)
39.0
(102.2)
35.3
(95.5)
28.1
(82.6)
22.0
(71.6)
19.0
(66.2)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F)3
(37)
5
(41)
9
(48)
14
(57)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
19
(66)
14
(57)
7
(45)
3
(37)
14.0
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F)−4
(25)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
9
(48)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−3
(27)
5.0
(41)
Record low °C (°F)−30
(−22)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−23.9
(−11)
−8
(18)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.1
(34)
5.0
(41)
3.4
(38.1)
−2
(28)
−6
(21)
−15.4
(4.3)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−30
(−22)
              

Economy

401 Millionaires live in Wroclaw, or individuals whose annual income exceeds 1 million PLN (as per 2014).

Wrocław's industry manufactures buses,trams, railroad cars, home appliances, chemicals, and electronics. The city houses factories and development centers of many foreign and domestic corporations, such as WAGO, Siemens,Bosch, Bosch-Siemens, Nokia Networks, Volvo, HP, IBM, Google,Opera Software, QAD, Bombardier Transportation, DeLaval, Whirlpool Corporation, WABCO, Tieto, PPG Deco Poland and others.

In Wrocław, offices are also located large Polish companies, including Getin Holding, Akwawit-Polmos Wrocław, Telefonia Dialog, PGS Software, Gazoprojekt, MCI Management SA,Protram, Selena, Rawplug, AB SA, Impel, Kogeneracja SA, EKO Holding, Inter-System, Supra Invest, Toya SA, has its main headquarters are also KauflandPoland.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the city has had a developing high-tech sector. Many high-tech companies are located in the Wrocław Technology Park, such as Baluff, CIT Engineering, Caisson Elektronik, ContiTech, Ericsson, Innovative Software Technologies, IBM, IT-MED, IT Sector, LiveChat Software, Mitsubishi Electric, Maas, PGS Software, Technology Transfer Agency Techtra and Vratis. In Biskupice Podgórne (Community Kobierzyce) there are factories of LG (LG Display, LG Electronics, LG Chem, LG Innotek), Dong Seo Display, Dong Yang Electronics, Toshiba, and many other companies, mainly from the electronics and home appliances sectors, while the Nowa Wieś Wrocławskafactory and distribution center of Nestlé Purina and factories a few other enterprises.

In the years 2013-2015 was built Engine Business. In Wrocław Industrial Park operates over 250 companies from nearly 60 different industries. In Wrocław is a research and development center aviation industry - Global Engineering Centre, the American company UTC Aerospace Systems.

The city is the seat of Wrocław Research Centre EIT+, which contains, inter alia, geological research laboratories to the unconventional and Lower Silesian Cluster of Nanotechnology.

The following banks have their headquarters in Wrocław: Crédit Agricole Bank of Poland, Bank Zachodni WBK, Euro Bank, Santander Consumer Bank; as well as financial and accounting centers: Volvo, Hewlett-Packard, KPIT Cummins,UPS, GE Money Bank, Credit Suisse. The city is home to the largest number ofleasing companies and debt collection in the country, including the largest European Leasing Fund.

Also AmRest has its headquarters in Wrocław, the largest food service company in Poland, a franchisee network of KFC, Pizza Hut, Burger King, La Tagliatella, and Starbucks.

Wrocław is a major center for the pharmaceutical industry: U.S. Pharmacia, Hasco-Lek, Galena, Avec Pharma, 3M, Labor, S-Lab, Herbapol, and Cezal.

In February 2013, Qatar Airways launched its Wrocław European Customer Service.

In Wrocław, there are logistics centers DHL, FedEx and UPS.

Closely related to Wrocław is Poland's largest shopping mall - Bielany Retail Park and Bielany Trade Center, located in Bielany Wrocławskie where supermarkets Auchan, Decathlon, Leroy Merlin, Makro, Tesco, IKEA, OBI,Castorama, Black Red White, factories E. Wedel, Cargill, warehouses Prologis,Panattoni, and two logistics center of Amazon.com.

Due to the proximity of the borders with Germany and the Czech Republic, Wrocław and the region of Lower Silesia is a large import and export partner with these countries.

Subdivisions

Wrocław was previously subdivided into five boroughs (dzielnica):

  • Fabryczna ("Factory Quarter")
  • Krzyki, (German: Krietern, meaning "Wranglers")
  • Psie Pole (German: Hundsfeld, "Dogs' Field", named so after the alleged Battle of Hundsfeld or poor quality of the fields)
  • Stare Miasto (old town)
  • Śródmieście (midtown)

However, the city is now divided into 48 osiedles (districts).

Internet, Comunication

At many spots throughout the city you can use the free public City Internet (Miejski Internet) wifi.

Prices in Wroclaw

PRICES LIST - EUR

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter€0.54
Tomatoes1 kg€1.25
Cheese0.5 kg€2.80
Apples1 kg€0.66
Oranges1 kg€1.03
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.67
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€4.60
Coca-Cola2 liters€1.14
Bread1 piece€0.47
Water1.5 l€0.41

PRICES LIST - EUR

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2€13.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€23.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2€34.00
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€3.70
Water0.33 l€0.60
Cappuccino1 cup€1.75
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€1.60
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€1.60
Coca-Cola0.33 l€0.80
Coctail drink1 drink€3.60

PRICES LIST - EUR

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets€9.00
Gym1 month€25.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€5.50
Theatar2 tickets€28.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.06
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€3.50

PRICES LIST - EUR

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack€6.00
Tampons32 pieces€3.30
Deodorant50 ml.€2.70
Shampoo400 ml.€2.60
Toilet paper4 rolls€1.35
Toothpaste1 tube€1.75

PRICES LIST - EUR

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)€59.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1€31.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€64.00
Leather shoes1€71.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter€1.00
TaxiStart€1.40
Taxi1 km€0.60
Local Transport1 ticket€0.65

Tourist (Backpacker)  

33 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

99 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Copernicus Airport Wrocław (IATA: WRO) is served by:

  • LOT - Frankfurt, Gdansk, Munich, Warsaw (seven times a day except Sundays when there are five flights)
  • Lufthansa - Frankfurt, Düsseldorf and Munich
  • Scandinavian Airlines - Copenhagen
  • Ryanair - Alicante, Bologna, Bournemouth, Bristol, Brussels-Charleroi, Chania, Cork, Dublin, Girona, Glasgow-Prestwick, Liverpool, London-Stansted, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Milan-Bergamo, Nottingham/East Midlands, Oslo-Rygge, Paris-Beauvais, Pisa, Rome-Ciampino, Shannon, Treviso, Zadar
  • Wizz Air - Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven, London-Luton, Oslo-Torp, Paris-Beauvais

From the airport, bus 406 operates from the terminal building to central Wrocław between 05:13 and 23:14 roughly every twenty minutes. There is also a night bus 249. The night bus will take approximately one hour to get to the city centre. If you are not sure how to get to your final destination in Wrocław by public transport, it might be helpful to use the journey planner. Single-ride tickets from Wrocław Airport to the city center cost 3 zł (or 1.50 zł for students or ISIC/EURO 26 holders) and can be purchased at the automatic ticket vending machine at the stop or on board.

As of April 2016, bus 106 operates between the airport and the main train station during day time. At night, some of the bus 206 services operate on that route.

A taxi to the city centre or train station will cost around 45-60 zł during day time.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

Wrocław is a major hub in the Polish rail network, with several trains a day to all large Polish cities (route planner). The main train station is Wrocław Główny. There are about ten daily departures from Warsaw. Travel time varies from 3½ hours by the new high speed trains, up to almost seven hours with a TLK (cheap) train.

As well as Warsaw, there are quite many of trains from Poznań from which you can go on to Szczecin, Bydgoszcz or Berlin. Several trains a day go from Kraków.

As of May 2016, the only international train services calling in Wrocław are three daily local trains to Dresden operated by Trilex, taking about 4h to cover the distance between the cities.

Additionally, a special direct train (RE/KD 5825, the Culture Train) operates between Berlin and Wrocław as part of the European Capital of Culture festivities on weekends and holidays between April and September 25, 2016. Single tickets cost €19 and can be bought online or on the train. Additional information can be found online (in German).

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

All international and national buses stop at the PKS Centrum station which is located directly behind the main train station (timetable; click "Odjazdy autobusów z Dworca Centralnego PKS").

Wrocław is a stop on the Eurolines international coach network.

PolskiBus operates routes to Prague and Warsaw (via Łódź). Tickets are only available online, but traveling with them is comfortable. Buses are brand new and free Wi-Fi is available on board. Tickets are cheap when bought in advance. One-way tickets are available from 1zł (plus 1zł for reservation).

Every day a fast bus runs between Wrocław and Kraków. The bus leaves at 8:50PM and arrives in Kraków around 11:50PM. On Thursday, Friday and Sunday there is also a fast bus service leaving at 3:30PM and arriving in Kraków at 6:30PM. On Monday an additional service to Kraków leaves Wrocław at 11AM arriving around 2:15PM in Kraków. Tickets cost 39zł and can be bought on board. Reservations can be made by sending an SMS indicating the date and time of departure and your name to +48664670191.

Another company that rides to Kraków and back, with a stop in Katowice, is Lajkonik. Three buses run everyday in each direction. A one-way ticket costs 43zł, and there are some small discounts available for students.

Given the state of the railway connection to/from Germany (see above) several providers of Intercity buses in Germany (including Deutsche Bahn) also serve Wroclaw, mostly from Berlin and Dresden, with some making intermediate stops.

 


Transportation - Get Around

The centre of Wrocław is navigable on foot, but the city has an excellent public-transport system for access to the suburbs and outlying attractions, with 57 bus lines, 22 tram lines and 13 night bus lines. As well as that, taxis are readily available and quite affordable, even for those on a budget.

Transportation - Get Around

By bus or tram

Details on how to travel around Wrocław (including ticket prices) and ticket types. You can also use the journey planner.

Tickets

There are two types of tickets:

  • Single-ride tickets: for normal lines 3 zł, for express lines or night bus 3.20 zł. These tickets are not time-based or route-based - you must pay each time you enter a different vehicle.
  • Period tickets: 30-minutes for 3 zł, 60-minutes for 4.40 zł, 90-minutes for 6 zł, 24-hours for 11 zł, 48-hours for 20 zł, 72-hours for 26 zł, and 168-hours (7-days) 46 zł.

A reduced fare is available and costs 50% of the regular fare.

You must validate all tickets on boarding the bus or tram, or you'll face a 150 zł fine (plus the price of a ticket) if caught by an inspector (100zł if paid within 7 days). A period ticket only needs to validated on the first vehicle that you board. After that, you just need to keep it on you for inspection.

Tickets are sold in lots of places. Look for "Ruch" kiosks, post offices. You should be able to buy them in most newsagents also. In the city centre you can find lots of ticket machines offering all types of tickets.

In every bus and tram there is a ticket machine installed too. Payment is only possible by credit or debit card (Visa/MasterCard/American Express). Maestro cards are not accepted.

If you travel with large bags (such as backpacks or suitcases), a bicycle or a dog, you must buy a 1.50 zł ticket for it. On the ticket machines, simply choose the option for a discounted ticket as there is not a distinct option available for bags, bicycles and dogs.

If you're planning to stay longer, check out the Urbancard offer.

Route numbers

  • 0-33Plus — trams
  • A,C,D,E,K,N — express buses (ticket costs 3.20 zł)
  • 100-149 — normal buses
  • 3xx — normal buses, peak hours only
  • 4xx — fast buses
  • 6xx — suburban buses (if outside town, ticket costs 3.20 zł)
  • 240-259 — night buses (ticket costs 3.20 zł)

Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By bicycle

Between April and November you can rent bicycles at about 70 locations throughout the city with the Wroclaw City Bike (Wrocławski Rower Miejski, WRM) system which is operated by Nextbike Polska on behalf of the city. You need to register once online and pay an initial fee of 10 zł. For the first 20min you can then use the bicycles for free. 20-40min rental periods cost 2 zł and every additional hour costs 4 zł. A customer service office for questions or registration is on ul. Świętego Antoniego 8 (open Tue 06:00-16:00, Thu 11:00-21:00). Customer service can also called on +48 71 738 1111 or +48 71 715 2772.

 

Hotels

- BEST RATED -

Hotels

- BEST VALUE -

Shopping

  • Travellers' Bookshopul. Wita Stwosza 19/20. Maps, guidebooks, travel books.
  • Galeria Dominikańska. Large shopping mall, with a big supermarket in the basement floor. Free Wi-Fi.
  • Tajne Kompletyul. Przejście Garncarskie 2 (small street on Rynek).Bookshop/cafe with a good selection of English-language books and good coffee.
  • Market Hall (Hala Targowa), ul. Piaskowa 15. For fresh vegetables, fruits, pierogi, etc.

Restaurants


Budget

  • PierożekMarszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego 20 (next to the Casino, close to the Scandic Hotel).According to many Wroclavians, the best pierogi in Wrocław, priced at about 10 zł for a small portion (you may need to order two if you're hungry). Try pierogi ruskie (with potatoes and cottage cheese) withkefir and barszcz (borscht) and "nalesniki" (crêpes) to experience what real Polish food ought to taste like. The place is small and basic, you may need to wait for a seat, but the food is top-notch.
  • Giselleul. Szewska 27. A French bakery/cafe with delicious breakfast dishes (served all day) and other food. Around 12-19 zł.

Cultural note: the "bars" listed below are in fact self-service canteens, known as milk bars (bar mleczny), offering inexpensive and traditional Polish meals. They are a gastronomic and cultural experience. They should be open even on national holidays. Expect short queues.

  • Bar Miś48 Kuźnicza Street (700 ft. north of Rynek (Market Place or central square)). M-F 7-18 and Sa 8-17. Offers an ample and diversified menu, including meat-based dishes. Students, staff and professors of the University of Wrocław usually eat there, together with homeless people, elderly and pensioners. After entering go to the cash desk (at the left corner) and order your meal (Polish only). Turn right, go to the food counter and hand your receipt to the person serving the meals. Mains 1.50-4.50 zł.
  • Bar BazyliaKuźnicza Street (corner of Uniwersytecki Square, 300 ft. after bar "Miś", inside the building of University's Law Department). Very clean and fast service. Offers a more stylish ambience. Mains 3-9 zł.
  • Bar MewaDubois Street (7 minutes walk north from Rynek through University Main Building and Pomorski Bridge). M-F 8-18, Sa & Su 9-16.The cheapest. Offers some dishes only at specific hours: pirogi - 13:00, pancakes - 14:00, pirogi with cabbage - 15:00, potato pancakes - 16:00. You pay directly at the food delivery counter (Polish only).
  • U BeatkiRynek-Ratusz 13/14 (entrance on the northern side of the Town Hall). Open every day from 9AM until the last guest leaves. May feel a bit small and old-fashioned inside but it's very clean and the staff are friendly, plus there's a beer garden open in the summer. Great and cheappierogi, potato pancakes and soups.

Mid-range

  • AmalfiWięzienna Street. A place serving authentic thin-slice Italian pizza from a proper, scorching-hot wood oven. About 15 zł for a pizza for one person. Italian owners.
  • OreganoIgielna Street. Inexpensive restaurant with pizza and a variety of other dishes.
  • PiramidaWita Stwosza Street. Egyptian restaurant. Kitschy interior and big portions.
  • Gruzińskie ChaczapuriMikolaja Street (nearly adjacent to Market Square). A budding franchise originating from Kraków, serves Georgian food (khachapuri). Try lawasz z adżapsandałem (dough-filled with a tasty mix of tomatoes, bell peppers, aubergines, garlic and goat cheese) for about 15 zł.
  • Mexico BarRzeźnicza Street. As long as you are willing to eat a somewhat modified version of Mexican cuisine, you should enjoy the large, rich portions at Mexico Bar. You might want to order the "hot" (na ostro) version of your dish, as the regular dishes are surprisingly mild. This is a small, popular place, so you may have to wait for your seat at the bar. It is best to call ahead and make reservations especially on the weekends.
  • Masala Grill & Barul. Kuźnicza 3 (close to the main square), +48 71 302 69 49. 11AM-midnight. An Indian restaurant. The restaurant is air conditioned, has a seating capacity of 110 and is child friendly. The cuisine is Indian keeping European tastes in mind. The Xpress Lunch combo is a favourite and very reasonably priced with a free soft drink. The main menu has a wide variety of dishes to choose from including soups, salads, starters, Tandoori Grill, special Indian curries, fragrant basmati rice and Indian bread (naan). The bar at the restaurant specializes in a wide variety of eye-catching cocktails and mocktails.
  • Le Bistrot Parisien (French restaurant in Wrocław), ul. Nożownicza I D. Small place, genuine French cuisine, good for dates.

Splurge

  • Pod Papugami (At Rynek, next to Spiż Cellar (see above)). Offers good meals and a good selection of salads.
  • NovocainaRynek 13,  +48 71 3436915. Organic-based pizza and pasta dishes. Reservations are necessary, but can be made a day in advance through their website.

Sights & Landmarks

  • Market Square (Rynek). It is the architectural centre-point of Wroclaw, and its most obvious attraction. It is one of the biggest town squares in Europe, and is lined on all sides with photogenic and interesting buildings. Centre of tourist life, place where tourists drink beer.
    • Old Town Hall (Stary Ratusz), ul. Sukiennice 14(south side of the Rynek).open 11AM-5PM (closed Monday). It now serves as the Museum of Burgeois Art. Construction of the town hall began in the 13th century. It was one of the few major buildings in Wrocław to survive World War II. The interior features stunning Gothic interiors.admission 4 zł.
  • Salt Square (Plac Solny). Formerly a salt market, now a flower market.
  • Cathedral Island (Ostrów Tumski). A group of islands on the Oder River with beautiful cathedrals and a few hundred year old buildings, for those who would have romantic evening, walking through mystery brick stoned streets it is a must. It is complete with hand-lit oil lamps lit nightly.
    • Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (Archikatedra św. Jana Chrzciciela), ul. Katedralna. Open 10AM-6PM (closed Sundays).Dating from the 13th century, featuring stunning architecture and the largest church organ in Poland. Has elevator to the top, so this is the one to go to if you can't climb. Good river views from this one.Admission 4 zł, tower admission 5 zł.
  • St. Elizabeth's Church (Bazylika św. Elżbiety Węgierskiej), ul. Elżbiety 1. 9AM-4PM (1PM-4PM Sundays). Tower: Apr-Oct: daily 10:00-19:00, Nov-Mar: closed. On the northeast side of the Rynek, this is a large and imposing medieval building with a 90m high tower with spectacular views over the old town. Tower admission (no lift) 5 zł.
  • St. Maria Magdalena Church (Katedra św. Marii Magdaleny), Szewska 10. Tower/bridge: daily 10:00-20:00. The big church a block south of the Rynek, you can also climb this tower for 5 zł. Between the two towers, there is a small bridge known as the Pennants' Bridge, where you can walk along and enjoy the cityrama. Views are great, but if you can only do one, St Elizabeth is probably the one to do. However, the bridge makes a good story to tell people at home.
  • Synagogue "Under the White Stork"ul. Pawła Włodkowica 7. 19th-century synagogue.
  • Wrocław Dwarves (Wrocławskie Krasnale). The first dwarf statue was installed in 2001 in Świdnicka Street to commemorate the Polish anti-communist underground movement Orange Alternative, whose symbol was a dwarf. Some years later smaller dwarf statues, each with their own theme, appeared and they can now be found all over the city.
  • Botanical Garden of the University of Wrocław (Ogród Botaniczny Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego), ul. Henryka Sienkiewicza 23+48 71 3225957. May-Aug: 08:00-20:00; Sep - mid-Nov, Spring-May: 08:00-19:00; mid-Nov - Spring: closed. Ticket office closes at 18:00. 15 zł adults, 5 zł concession.

Further afield

  • Centennial Hall (Hala Stulecia), ul. Wystawowa 1+48 71 347 51 51. A historic building, constructed according to the plans of architect Max Berg from 1911 to 1913, when the city was part of the German Empire. As an early landmark of reinforced concrete architecture, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006.
    • Wrocław Fountain. A multimedia fountain located within in the Pergola next to Centennial Hall in Wrocław. The one hectare fountain incorporates about 300 jets to create a screen of water for animation display. There are also 800 lights. When frozen in winter, the fountain is a 4700-square-meter ice skating rink.
    • Wroclaw Iglica. A distinctive object placed close to the Centennial Hall.
  • Park Szczytnicki (East-central Wrocław). Very large, spanning over a few kilometers, it's a common place for walks. Becomes incredibly colorful in autumn and should not be missed if you travel there in late September or October.
    • Japanese Garden (Ogród Japoński). Apr-Oct: 09:00-19:00.A remainder from the 'World Expo' of 1913 held in Wrocław, this is a large landscaped garden restored post-flooding with the assistance of the Japanese government. A part of Park Szczytnicki. Admission 2zł.
  • Eastern Park (pl: Park Wschodni). On the bank of Oława river is a masterpiece of design, but left forgotten for decades. After few years of restoration it's now a true gem especially worth visiting in April when wetland flowers are blooming or autumn when vegetation turns into picturesque blend of reds, yellows and gold. As it borders semi-wild forests and has plenty of water, you may even watch swans taking care of their nests just few meters from the walking path.
  • Zoo Wrocław (Ogród Zoologiczny), ul. Zygmunta Wróblewskiego 1-5. 40 zł adults.
  • Wrocław Water Tower (Wieża ciśnień przy alei Wiśniowej), Sudecka Street. A 63m high water tower constructed between 1904-1905 with an observation deck at 42m. Provided water supply until mid-1980. In 1995 it was restored and converted into a restaurant.

Museums & Galleries

  • National Museum branches:
    • Panorama RacławickaJana Ewangelisty Purkyniego 11+48 71 344 16 61, +48 71 344 16 62. Apr-Sep: daily 09:00-17:00; Oct-Mar: Tue-Sun 09:00-16:00, Mon closed. Perhaps the most-visited tourist site in Wrocław, it consists of a large canvas painting wrapped around a viewing rotunda. It creates a 360 degree view of the Battle of Racławice (1794) between Russian troops and Polish insurrectionists. The battle was a victory for the Poles, however the Russians won the war. Visits are conducted in tour groups roughly every half-hour and foreign-language audio guides are available. 30 zł adults, 23 zł students and families (per person).
    • National Museum in Wrocław (Muzeum Narodowe we Wrocławiu), Plac Powstańców Warszawy 5. Apr-Sep: Tue-Fri, Sun 10:00-17:00, Sat 10:00-18:00; Oct-Mar: Tue-Fri 10:00-16:00, Sat-Sun 10:00-17:00. Mon closed. Features a large collection of Polish art. The Gallery of Contemporary Art is in the attic. Admission 15zł adults, 10 zł concessions. Free on Saturdays (permanent exhibitions).
    • Ethnographic Museum (Muzeum Etnograficzne), Traugutta 111/113 (Take tram 3 or 5 and get off at stop pl. Zgody),  +48 71 344 33 13, +48 71 342 12 67. Tue-Wed, Fri-Sun 10:00-16:00, Thu 09:00-16:00, Mon closed. Located in the former summer Palace of Wrocław Bishops. Collection concentrates on folk art. Adults 5 zł, concessions 3 zł. Sat free.
    • Museum of Contemporary Art (next to the Centennial Hall).Will open on June 25, 2016. The Four Dome Pavilion (Pawilon Czterech Kopuł) which is part of the historic Exhibition Grounds will house the collection of Polish contemporary art of the National Museum, which comprises works from 1945 until present.
  • City Museum of Wrocław has several subsidiaries:
    • The Museum of Bourgeois Art (Muzeum Sztuki Mieszczańskej), Stary Ratusz, Rynek (in the Old Town Hall (Stary Ratusz)). Wed-Sat 10:00-17:00, Sun 10:00-18:00, Mon-Tue closed.Permanent exhibitions: free, temporary exhibitions: 10 zł adults, 7 zł concessions.
    • Museum of Archeology (Muzeum Archeologiczne), ul. Cieszyńskiego 9 (in the City Arsenal (St. Nicolas Arsenal)). Wed-Sat 10:00-17:00, Sun 10:00-18:00, Mon-Tue closed. Permanent exhibitions: free, temporary exhibitions: 12 zł adults, 7 zł concessions.
    • Military Museum (Muzeum Militariów), ul. Cieszyńskiego 9 (in the City Arsenal (St.Nicolas Arsenal)). Wed-Sat 10:00-17:00, Sun 10:00-18:00, Mon-Tue closed. Permanent exhibitions: free, temporary exhibitions: 12 zł adults, 7 zł concessions.
    • Historical Museum (Muzeum Historyczne), ul. Kazimierza Wielkiego 15. Tue-Sat 10:00-17:00, Sun 10:00-18:00, Mon closed.Located in the Royal Palace. The Royal Palace is also home to The Museum of Medallic Art (Muzeum Sztuki Medalierskiej).Permanent exhibitions: free, temporary exhibitions: 15 zł adults, 10 zł concessions.
    • Museum of Cemetery Art (Muzeum Sztuki Cmentarnej), ul. Ślężna 37/39. Daily 10:00-18:00 (in autumn and winter: open till dusk).The Old Jewish Cemetery (Stary Cmentarz Żydowski).
  • Wrocław Contemporary Museum (Muzeum Współczesne Wrocław, MWW), Plac Strzegomski 2,  +48 784 973 213. Mon 10:00-18:00, Wed-Sun 12:00-20:00, Tue closed. Contemporary art, photography, also a club and a cafeteria with nice views. Until 2016 the museum is located temporarily in a World War II air-raid shelter. The permanent home will be in a modern building on Purkyniego Street.Admission 10 zł, reduced 5 zł, Thu free. Permanent exhibitions: free.
  • Museum of Architecture (Muzeum Architektury), ul. Bernardyńska 5,  +48 71 344 82 79, +48 71 343 36 75. Mon closed. Museum is located in a 15th-century post-Bernardine Gothic buildings - St Bernardine of Sienna Church and a monastic quadrangle with a garden. Tickets 10 zł, reduced 7 zł, Wed free.
  • University of Wrocław Museum (Muzeum Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego), Plac Uniwersytecki 1,  +48 71 3752767. Mon-Tue, Thu-Sun 10:00 - at least 15:30 (longer in summer), Wed closed. Ticket office closes 30min before. The four halls are: Aula Leopoldina, Oratorium Marianum, Mathematical Tower (Wieża matematyczna) and Exposition (Wystawa). The first two are still used by the university for events (so they can be closed at times). Audio guides are available. 10/11/12 zł for visiting 2, 3 or 4 halls (adults), reduced tickets available.
  • Museum of Natural History (Muzeum Przyrodnicze), ul. Sienkiewicza 21,  +48 71 3754145. Tue-Fri 09:00-15:00, Sat-Sun 10:00-16:00, Mon closed. The museum is part of Wrocław University and has its origin in 1814. The collections display many specimens of extinct and rare species including the skeleton of a Blue Whale, the largest animal that lived on the earth. Adults 10 zł, concessions 7 zł.

Things to do

  • Opera Wrocławskaul. Świdnicka 35.
  • Music Theatre Capitolul. Marszałka J. Piłsudskiego 67
  • Polski Theatreul. Zapolskiej 3. Two additional stages are located at ul. Świdnicka 28 (Small Stage) and plac Orląt Lwowskich 20c (Świebodzki Train Station Stage).
  • Współczesny Theatre (Contemporary Theatre), Ul. Rzeźnicza 12.
  • Wrocław PhilharmonicUl. Piłsudskiego 19. Different kinds of concerts: symphonic, choral, early music, jazz, popular music.
  • Rope Park (Opatowicka Wyspa Przygody). Go to the rope park on Opatowicka island.
  • Free Walking Tours.
  • Wroclaw Food TourPregierz,Rynek (Monument in front of Mc Donalds' in the Central Market),  +48 791 782 792, e-mail:. Mon- Fri 1:00 pm to 4:30 pm Sat-Sun noon to 3:30pm. Wroclaw Food Tour is an easy and enjoyable way to discover traditional Polish food in authentic locales alongside with other food lovers from all over the world. It is not just about eating food, but also touching upon Polish culture by finding out about the many intriguing facts concerning Polish cuisine under the guidance of an English-speaking food expert. 40€.

Festivals and events

Nightlife

  • Kawiarnia LiteratkaRynek 56/57. Opens at 10AM and stays open as long as you can drink.Literatka is not exactly a coffee place, because it lacks own cakes and desserts. However, they do have coffee and lots of inexpensive alcohol, as well as book shelfs, free Wi-Fi connection, and nice atmosphere. Good place for a quick coffee, chat, or even evening drink. If you smoke, check the inner smoking room, which is larger and nicer than the outward non-smoking area.

There are many different clubs and pubs in Wroclaw. Most of them are located in the centre of the old town, many good ones however, are situated a few crossings from the Town Square, not within its borders. The Town Square mostly contains some not very specific, quite expensive restaurants, although it is worth mentioning the Spiż Cellar, an interesting mini-brewery with a few tasty kinds of locally made beer and a unique interior design. There are also two discos that are popular among fans of house/techno music - Daytona and Związki. However, pub-wanderers, who want to meet interesting people and/or get involved in some discussions will probably enjoy places situated in some less obvious locations than right in the Town Square. Good examples of such places are:

  • Mleczarnia (pronounced 'Mletcharnya'), ul. Włodkowica 5. A bit further from the Town Square but still not too far, near the main courthouse in a quiet street - quite a large pub occupying the basement and ground level of an old fin-de-siecle building. It has unique dark, cozy, wooden interiors and a specific atmosphere. Music played is quite specific and varied - among the styles played are: Jewish music, jazz, progressive rock, film music and others. There are often some cultural events, like discussion clubs or film projections taking place in the basement. They also have a hostel in that same building.
  • Bezseność (Insomnia), ul. Ruska 51, upstairs. Concerts, film screenings. Popular place.
  • Setkaul. Kazimierza Wielkiego 50A, on the corner. Supposedly Communist style, well - kitschy. But open 24/7 with cheap alcohol (4 zł for a glass of beer or shot of vodka) and good meals.

There are plenty of other clubs and pubs in Wroclaw. It's a great adventure to explore them because most have their own specific style and atmosphere.


Beer

  • Spiż CellarRynek-Ratusz 2. See how to brew beer and how delicious it tastes.
  • Świdnicka CellarRynek-Ratusz 2. Supposedly the oldest restaurant in Europe. Some people say "If you haven't been to Świdnicka cellar, you haven't been to Wrocław".
  • Browar Stu Mostów (100 Bridges Brewery), ul. Jana Długosza 2-6.A micro-brewery and pub that opened in 2014.
  • Targowaul. Piaskowa 17. Craft beer (including local ones) and food.

Things to know


Talk

The official language is Polish. It is becoming an increasingly popular tourist destination, and serves as Poland's secondary financial services centre (after Warsaw). Thus, you should be able to a find sufficient number of English speakers to get by. German is probably much more widely spoken and understood here than in other regions of Poland.

Safety in Wroclaw

Stay Safe

Very High / 9.0

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Mid. / 5.0

Safety (Walking alone - night)

TOP

Pin It on Pinterest