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Info Nizhniy Novgorad
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is, with a population of 1,250,619, the fifth-largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast and Volga Federal District. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky ,after the writer Maxim Gorky, who was born there. The city is an important economic, transportation and cultural center in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, and is the main center of river tourism in Russia. In the historical part of the city there area a large number of universities, theaters, museums and churches. Nizhny Novgorod is located about 400 km east of Moscow, where the Oka empties into the Volga.
The city was founded in 1221 by Prince Yuri II of Vladimir. In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized a big army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In 1817 Nizhny Novgorod become a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In 1896 at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized.
During the Soviet period, the city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period. During the Second World war Gorky became the biggest provider of the military equipment to the front. Due to this, the Luftwaffe constantly bombed the city from the air. The majority of the German bombs fell in the area of the Gorky Automobile Plant. Although almost all the production sites of plant were completely destroyed, the citizens of Gorky reconstructed the factory after 100 days.
After the war, Gorky became a "closed city" and remained one until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990. At that time the city was renamed back to Nizhny Novgorod.
In 1985 the metro was opened. In 2016 Vladimir Putin opened the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant which is part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation.
The Kremlin - the main center of the city - contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District.
|TIME ZONE :||MSK (UTC+3)|
|AREA :||460 km2 (180 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||200 m (700 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 46.5%
• Female: 53.5%
|AREA CODE :||831|
|POSTAL CODE :||603000–603999|
|DIALING CODE :||+7 831|
Much of the city downtown is built in the Russian Revival and Stalin Empire styles. The dominating feature of the city skyline is the grand Kremlin (1500–1511), with its red-brick towers. After Bolshevik devastation, the only ancient edifice left within the kremlin walls is the tent-like Archangel Cathedral (1624–31), first built in stone in the 13th century.
There are more than six hundred unique historic, architectural, and cultural monuments in the city.
There are about two hundred municipal and regional art and cultural institutions within Nizhny Novgorod. Among these institutions there are eight theaters, five concert halls, ninety-seven libraries (with branches), seventeen movie theaters (including five movie theaters for children), twenty-five institutions of children optional education, eight museums (sixteen including branches), and seven parks.
Nizhny Novgorod art gallery
The art gallery in Nizhny Novgorod is a large and important art gallery and museums of human history and culture.
Nizhny Novgorod has a great and extraordinary art gallery with more than 12,000 exhibits, an enormous collection of works by Russian artists such as Viktor Vasnetsov, Karl Briullov, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Kramskoi, Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Isaak Iljitsch Lewitan, Vasily Surikov, Ivan Aivazovsky, there are also greater collections of works by Boris Kustodiev and Nicholas Roerich, not only Russian art is part of the exhibition it include also a vast accumulation ofWestern European art like works by David Teniers the Younger, Bernardo Bellotto, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Pieter de Grebber, Giuseppe Maria Crespi,Giovanni Battista Piranesi, and lot more.
Finally what makes this gallery extremely important is the amazing collectionRussian avant-garde with works by Kazimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky,Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov and so on. There is also collection of East Asian art.
Originally the name was just Novgorod ("Newtown"), but to distinguish it from the other, older and well-known Novgorod to the north, the city was often being called "Novgorod of the Lower lands". This land was named "lower" because it is situated downstream, especially from the point of view of other Russian cities such as Moscow, Vladimir and Murom. Later it was transformed into the contemporary name of the city that literally means "Lower Newtown".
Seat of medieval princes
The city traces its origin from a small Russian wooden hillfort that was founded by Grand Duke Yury II in 1221 at the confluence of two of the most important rivers in his principality, the Volga and Oka rivers. Its independent existence was threatened by the continuous Mordvin attacks against it; the major attempt made by forces under Purgaz in April 1229 was repulsed, but after the death of Yury II on March 4, 1238 at the Battle of the Sit River, the Mongols occupied the fortress. Later a major stronghold for border protection, Nizhny Novgorod fortress took advantage of a natural moat formed by the two rivers.
Along with Moscow and Tver, Nizhny Novgorod was among several newly founded towns that escaped Mongol devastation on account of their insignificance, but grew into (great) centers in vassalic Russian political life during the period of the Tatar Yoke. With the agreement of the Mongol Khan, Nizhny Novgorod was incorporated into the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality in 1264. After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerfulSuzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350. Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich (1323–1383) sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow; he built a stone citadel and several churches and was a patron of historians. The earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377.
Strongest fortress of the Grand Duchy of Moscow
After the city's incorporation into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1392, the local princes took the name Shuisky and settled in Moscow, where they were prominent at the court and briefly ascended the throne in the person of Vasily IV. After being burnt by the powerful Crimean Tatar chief Edigu in 1408, Nizhny Novgorod was restored and regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan. The enormous red-brick kremlin, one of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in 1508–1511 under the supervision of Peter the Italian. The fortress was strong enough to withstand Tatar sieges in 1520 and 1536.
In 1612, the so-called national militia, gathered by a local merchant, Kuzma Minin, and commanded by Knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the "Time of Troubles" and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty. The main square before the kremlin is named after Minin and Pozharsky, although it is locally known simply as "Minin Square." Minin's remains are buried in the citadel. (In commemoration of these events, on October 21, 2005, an exact copy of the Red Square statue of Minin and Pozharsky was placed in front of St John the Baptist Church, which is believed to be the place from where the call to the people had been proclaimed.)
In the course of the following century, the city prospered commercially and was chosen by the Stroganovs (the wealthiest merchant family of Russia) as a base for their operations. A particular style of architecture and icon painting, known as the Stroganov style, developed there at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in 1981 was a red deer with black horns and hooves on a white field. The modern coat of arms circa 1992 is the same, but the shield can be adorned with golden oak leaves tied with a ribbon with colours of the Russian national flag.
Great trade center
In 1817, the Makaryev Fair, one of the liveliest in the world, was transferred to Nizhny Novgorod, and started to attract millions of visitors annually. By the mid-19th century, the city was firmly established as the trade capital of the Russian Empire. The world's first radio receiver by engineer Alexander Popov and the world's first hyperboloid tower and lattice shell-coverings by engineer Vladimir Shukhov were demonstrated at the All-Russia industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod in 1896. According to official Imperial Russian statistics the population of Nizhny Novgorod as of 14 January 1913 was 97,000.
The largest industrial enterprise was the Sormovo Iron Works which was connected by the company's own railway to Moscow station in the upper part of Nizhny Novgorod. The private Moscow to Kazan Railway Company's station was in the lower part of the city. Other industries gradually developed, and by the start of the 20th century the city was also a first-rank industrial hub. Henry Ford helped build a large truck and tractor plant (GAZ) in the late 1920s, sending engineers and mechanics, including future labour leader Walter Reuther.
There were no permanent bridges over the Volga or Oka before the October Revolution in 1917. Temporary bridges were built during the trade fair. The first bridge over the Volga was started by the Moscow-Kazan Railway Company in 1914, but only finished in the Soviet Era when the railway to Kotelnich was opened for service in 1927.
Maxim Gorky was born in Nizhny Novgorod in 1868 as Alexey Maximovich Peshkov. In his novels he described the dismal life of the city proletariat.
Already during his lifetime, the city was renamed Gorky following his return to the Soviet Union in 1932 on the invitation of Joseph Stalin. The city bore Gorky's name until 1990. His childhood home is preserved as a museum, known as the Kashirin House, after Alexey's grandfather who owned the place.
During much of the Soviet era, the city was closed to foreigners to safeguard the security of Soviet military research and production facilities, even though it was a popular stopping point for Soviet tourists traveling up and down the Volga in tourist boats. Unusually for a Soviet city of that size, even street maps were not available for sale until the mid-1970s.
Mátyás Rákosi, communist leader of Hungary, died there in 1971. The physicist and Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov was exiled there during 1980-1986 to limit his contacts with foreigners.
An end to the "closed" status of the city accompanied the reinstatement of the city's original name in 1990.
The climate in the region is continental, specifically humid continental (Dfb), and it is similar to the climate in Moscow, although colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover. Average temperatures range from +19 °C (66 °F) in July to −9 °C (16 °F) in January.
Climate data for Nizhny Novgorod
|Record high °C (°F)||5.7
|Average high °C (°F)||−5.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−41.2
|Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net|
|Source #2: NOAA|
Nizhny Novgorod is one of the centers of the IT Industry in Russia. It ranks among the leading Russian cities in terms of the quantity of software R&D providers. Intel has a big software R&D center with more than 500 engineers in the city, as well as a major datacenter. In Nizhny Novgorod there is also a number of offshore outsourcingsoftware developers, including Bell Integrator, Itseez, Tecom, Luximax Systems Ltd., MERA Networks, RealEast Networks, Auriga, SoftDrom, and Teleca, and many other smaller companies specializing in the delivery of services to telecommunication vendors.
There are twenty-five scientific R&D institutions focusing on telecommunications, radio technology, theoretical and applied physics, and thirty-three higher educational institutions, among them are Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, as well as Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Information Technologies, that focuses on information technologies, software development, system administration, telecommunications, cellular networks, Internet technologies, and IT management.
Nizhny Novgorod has also been chosen as one of four sites for building an IT-oriented technology park—a special zone that has an established infrastructure and enjoys a favorable tax and customs policy.
The engineering industry is the leading industry of Nizhny Novgorod economy. It is mainly oriented towards transportation, i.e., the auto industry, shipbuilding, diesel engines, aircraft manufacture, and machine tools, with the auto industry being the leading sector (50%). Largest plants include:
- JSC "Gorky Automobile Plant" - personal cars, trucks, armored personnel carriers, and other autos;
- JSC "Krasnoye Sormovo" - river and sea ships, submarines;
- JSC "Sokol" - airplanes, jets;
- JSC "Hydromash"- hydraulic actuators, landing gears
- JSC "Nitel" - TV sets;
- JSC "RUMO" - diesel generators;
- JSC "Krasny yakor" - anchor chains;
The city is divided by the river Oka into two major parts: the Upper city (Nagornaya chast) on the hilly right side and the Lower city(Nizhnyaya or Zarechnaya chast — what literally means "the part over the river") on the left bank of the river. The Upper city is the old historical part of Nizhny Novgorod, whereas the Lower city is larger, newer and consists of more industrial districts.
The Upper city is administratively divided into three districts (rayons):
- Nizhegorodsky (the central historical part, plus the part along the river Volga)
- Prioksky (is situated along the river Oka)
The districts of the Lower city:
- Kanavinsky (Kananvino)
- Sormovsky (Sormovo)
- Avtozavodsky (Avtozavod)
Note that Nizhny Novgorod is in the Volga region zone, and SIM cards purchased elsewhere, such as in Moscow or Saint Petersburg, may be subject to roaming charges.
There are payphones in the streets; however, you can only buy phone-cards in the post offices and in a few newspaper kiosks.
Free WiFi is available in most hotels, shopping malls, university buildings, restaurants and cafes, the airport as well as several metro stations. There is also free public WiFi on B. Pokrovskaya street.
Prices in Nizhniy Novgorad
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.80|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€5.00|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€14.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€27.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€4.20|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€1.40|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.82|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€4.50|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€4.60|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.02|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€1.35|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€0.70|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€70.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€36.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€50.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€0.30|
Transportation - Get In
Strigino Airport, (IATA: GOJ), +7 800 100-03-33, also known as Nizhny Novgorod International Airport, is 20km southwest of the city centre. The airport serves over 1.2 million passengers per year. There are regular flights to many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Surgut, and Yekaterinburg, as well as international flights to Tashkent, Yerevan, Osh,Prague, Dushanbe, and Dubai. In addition, Dexter Air Taxi operates flights on small planes to nearby cities in Russia such as Kirov and Perm.
The airport is connected to the city by public transport including buses 11, 20, T-29, T-46. The journey by public transport to the city centre takes approximately 1 hour. A taxi ride takes around 30 minutes and should cost under RUB1,000 if negotiated in advance.
The train station in Nizhny Novgorod is located in the northern part of the city centre, near the Metromost Bridge. It is reachable via the metro. The main hall of the train station is beautiful and includes a chandelier as well as soviet-style mosaics symbolizing the life of Russian people.
All Trans-Siberian trains stop at Nizhny Novgorod.
When searching timetables and fares on the RZD website, enter "Nizhniy Novgorod" as the station for Nizhny Novgorod.
There are several options for train travel to/from Moscow including high speed Sapsan trains (3.5 hours, RUB1,200-1,700) and slower late night trains (7 hours, from RUB700). Trains are generally cheaper if purchased in advance. Most trains to/from Moscow arrive to/depart from Moscow's Kursky or Yaroslavsky train stations.
There are 2 daily overnight trains to/from Saint Petersburg (15-16 hours, from RUB900).
There are also direct train connections with Vladimir, Dzerzhinsk, Kazan,Samara, Kirov (6-7 hours, from RUB550), Yaroslavl (9 hours, from RUB450),Kungur (16 hours, from RUB1,200), Yekaterinburg, (20 hours, from RUB1,400),Novosibirsk (40 hours, from RUB2,500), Irkutsk (69 hours, RUB10,000),Astrakhan, Simferopol, Novorossiysk (52 hours, from RUB1,900), Vladivostok,Beijing, Ulaanbaatar, and many other cities. Suburban commuter trains connect Nizhny Novgorod with towns within 200km of the city.
There are several stops for buses arriving in Nizhny Novgorod; however, departing buses leave from either Kanavinskaya bus station, near the railroad station, for buses going to points north and west, and the main bus station (Avtovokzal) near pl. Lyadova, for the buses going to points south and east.
Buses are generally uncomfortable and slower than the trains.
MR Trans operates buses to/from Moscow (9 hours, RUB600-1,000),Yoshkar-Ola, Kazan, Cheboksary, and other nearby cities.
Nizhny Novgorod is situated on the M7/E30 road. The road is in decent condition, although with traffic it can take anywhere from 4 to 8 hours to drive to/from Moscow.
Transportation - Get Around
By Public Transport
There is a network of trams, trolleybuses, buses, marshrutkas and a 2-line metro system. Google maps can be used for directions via public transport.
The fare on public transport is RUB16 per ride and operating hours are generally 05:15am to midnight.
On surface public transport (trams, trolleybuses, buses and marshrutkas) you are expected to pay within one stop after you enter, the fare is fixed for one ride. Akonductor who will come to you, take money and issue a ticket; if there is no konductor, you should pay directly to the driver. Both the driver and konductor will give change if needed, although notes of RUB1,000 and larger are sometimes denied. It is best to have exact change ready.
Marshrutkas do not stop at every stop. To indicate your intention to exit a marshrutka, press a button and to indicate your intention to enter a marshrutka en-route, you need to wave your hand.
The metro consists of 2 lines and 14 stations, with more stations planned in the future. The system was designed during Soviet times and stops are located near factories and industrial areas. However, the demographics have shifted and as a result, the metro is not as useful as it once was and surface transport is more popular and more crowded. The metro system uses tokens that can be purchased in the stations. The 2 lines intersect at Moscovskaya Metro Station. This is the only metro station in the ex-USSR with 4 adjacent tracks.
The city centre is compact and walkable. However, there are many inclines or steps from the river banks. The bridges are not pedestrian friendly since the sidewalk is very narrow and cars drive extremely fast close to the pedestrians.
Nizhny Novgorod does not have any bicycle infrastructure such as bike lanes or parking and cycling is prohibited within the Kremlin and on part of Malaya Pokrovskaya Street. However, many locals still travel by bicycle.
The upper city is very hilly and full of steep inclines and even many locals will get off their bicycles and push their bikes up the hill by foot. Drivers can be reckless and pose a danger to cyclists. The roads can also be icy during the winter.
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Apart from simple souvenirs like thick pencils with city name, which are present in every Russian city with just the name changed, and have nothing to do with Russian traditions, there are some souvenirs that are really Russian and really Nizhny-Novgorodian. The most important and famous are Khokhloma gold-red-black painted wooden items such as tableware and furniture; Khokhloma is actually a village in Nizhny Novgorod oblast, a traditional center for the craft.
Also there are other traditional Russia souvenirs such as Gorodets-style painted wooden items, and lots of different Matryoshkas.
You can find lots of souvenirs on street stalls along the pedestrian part of Bolshaya Pokrovskaya street (especially in its upper and further from Kremlin part), and in some stalls inside Kremlin. There are also several stands inside the train station building, both on the ground floor and in the basement.
There are many small local grocery shops (продукты) in Nizhny Novgorod, but you are advised to shop in slightly more respectable chain self-service supermarket stores listed below. There are lots of stores for each chain, so only a couple of center-most are listed for each chain. The quality of food is generally good in every store, but you are advised to check the expiry dates on the items that do not last long (such as dairy products). Also note the common trick employed by store owners: on the shelfs you will often find the same items, but with different production dates, and facing you on the shelf are the oldmost items, while the freshmost are somewhere in the back of the shelf.
- Магнит (Magnit, lit. Magnet) are cheap but basic stores. Do not expect anything beyond simple food (some stores also have basic household chemical goods). But if you want just a slice of bread, a bottle of milk or yogurt, simple cheese or cookies, beer or water, etc., this will always be the cheapest place. Also, they often have unexpectedly good and cheap selection of vegetables and fruits as compared to other small stores. There are no Magnit stores in the very center, but some of them just out of center: 160 Gorky st. (ул. Горького), 118 Belinsky st. (ул. Белинского), 26 Sovnarkomovskaya st. (ул. Совнаркомовская), etc.
- Spar (some shops are named Eurospar; the signs are in latin script).Store sizes vary from really small to big ones, but generally they offer somewhat wider selection than Magnit (and in big stores — a much wider selection, up to own bakery providing bread), accept credit cards, but are somewhat more expensive. Most have also some household chemicals, etc. There are really plenty of shops in city center: 8/1 Alekseevskaya st. (ул. Алексеевская, inside a small shopping mall), 16a Minin st. (ул. Минина), 144 Gorky st. (ул. Горького), a two-storey shop at 9 Dobrolyubov st. (ул. Добролюбова), a big shop at 124 Belinsky st. (ул. Белинского, in Chocolate shopping mall), and some more.
- Seven (the signs are also in latin script). Similar to Spar, they also have stores ranging from small ones to rather large, accept credit cards, have wider selection than Magnit, but are somewhat more expensive. In contrast to Spar, they do not have really much shops. Some stores in the center are: 41 Piskunov st. (ул. Пискунова, inside a shopping center known as Нижегородский универсам Nizhegorodsky universam) — this is probably the centermost of large stores; 4 Vaneev st. (ул. Ванеева), 63 Belinsky st. (ул. Белинского, inside the Etagi shopping mall).
- Also almost every shopping mall (see below) has a grocery store. In addition to the mentioned chains, you may meet Auchan (Ашан) stores there. If you are looking for a really wide selection and cheap price, head to one of these, but you will have to go out of the city center.
- Меgа (Meгa), Fedyakovo (Федяково) village south of Nizhny. 10:00 - 22:00. The biggest shopping mall in Nizhny Novgorod (located in Fedyakovo, a south-eastern suburb on the road to Kazan). Auchan, IKEA, OBI and 160 other shops.
- Chocolade (Шоколад), 124 Belinsky st. (ул. Белинского).
- Etazhi (Этажи), 63 Belinskogo st. (ул. Белинского).
- Respublika (Республика) (opposite the railway station).
- Fantastika (Фантастика), 178 Rodionov st. (ул. Родионова).
- LP Fashion Gallery, 10/16, Alexeevskaya st. (ул. Алексеевская). A premium shopping mall in the city center
There are 4 centrally-located McDonald's restaurants in Nizhny Novgorod.
- Tinkoff, Belinskii Street, Etazhi Shopping Complex (Bus stop : Opera Theatre (Operny teatr) or Poltavskaya Street). variety of food including Japanese cuisine. Its cheaper to go on weekdays from 12 — 4PM to order their "business lunch" which is like a bento meal. moderate to high.
- Planeta Sushi, Belinskava Rd. Really good Japanese food served at a reasonable price. Fused together with Italian restaurant Il Patio.
- Yaponamama. Another sushi chain store, cheapest set lunch found in town. With 7USD you can get a bento, a soup and a drink.Can be found at Minin Square (opposite the Kremlin), Fantastika (2nd floor) and Gorky Square (just below new york pizza)
- Biblioteka (Библиотека, lit. Library), 46 Bolshaya Pokrovskaya (3rd floor, entrance through the same door as Dirigible Дирижабль book store), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. 11.00-22.00. Excellent Italian restaurant situated at Pokrovskaya Street. Good atmosphere, great food and reasonable price, but very often packed. On weekdays during lunch time till 15:00 you can get 20% discount on all menu. The Dirigible book store is also worth a visit, having several specialized sections, and in particular a section with souvenirs and literature about Nizhny. Both the cafe and the book store has a branch at 2 Kanavinskaya street near the railroad station. RUR 400.
- Gariachy Obed (at the Medical Street Station at Gagarin Prospect).8AM-4PM. Here you can get a typical Russian meal at a very cheap price.
- Yakitoria. Located at Gordkovo Street near to Svabodi Square, here serves Japanese and Chinese cuisine. Reasonable priced set lunch serves at noon.
- Bocconcino, 10/16, Alexeevskaya Str. (800 meters from the Kremlin), . 12:00-00:00. Located at LP Fashion Gallery near with Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Str. Here you can get a typical Italian food. Reasonable priced (350 rub) set lunch served at noon.
- Stolle (Штолле), 1 Alekseevskaya St (on the corner of Alekseevskaya st. and Minin square), . , 09:00-21:00. Different traditional Russian pies, with different meat and different berries. Very tasty in contrast to small pies found in many shops and cheap cafes. Do not expect the full assortment at the evenings, as they sell out everything they have baked during the day. From RUR 150 per meat pie piece and tea.
Sights & Landmarks
Streets and squares
- The Kremlin (Кремль).Is worth a wander around and contains a church, war monument with eternal flame, a reasonable art museum and impressive views along the Volga River. Also you can take a walk atop (inside) the Kremlin's wall in summer (roughly from May to October), the entrance is by the stairs set a bit off the wall inside the Kremlin near the main entrance via Dmitrievskaya tower, the latter being one of Nizhny Novgorod's symbols.
- Minin and Pozharsky Square (площадь Минина и Пожарского). The main square of Nizhny, at the south-east side of the Kremlin. A wide stairway (the Chkalov Steps) descends from the Chkalov Monument to the Volga waterfront to the north. Also take a walk along a path goes from the square round the western part of Kremlin wall.
- Bolshaya Pokrovskaya st. (ул. Большая Покровская). A pedestrian street, the main street of the city. Street vendors, souvenirs, shops and main restaurants, and several museums including the museum of Russian traditional art.
- Rozhdestvenskaya st. (ул. Рождественская). Parallel to Oka river under the hill, this street contains a lot of XIXth century buildings in rather good condition. The street was renovated in 2012, half-width becoming pedestrian, and now serves as a location for different festivals and events.
- Ilyinskaya st. (ул. Ильинская). Merchant buildings of XIX century (and a few even older), some in good condition, some in rather worse one. The street is going to be renovated in 2013-14. Also interesting is the whole area around Ilyinskaya st., especially the small streets between it and Fedorovsky embankment — many old buildings, including wooden ones, still exist there, and the general quiet atmosphere of streets is quite different from what you see in other parts of central Nizhny.
- Varvarskaya st. (ул. Варварская). Late XIX century houses, unfortunately intermixed with early-XXI century ones.
The Upper city is hilly and the slopes start not far from the waterfront, therefore in addition to embankments proper — the streets that run along the water — there is another kind of streets that are also called embankment. These are the streets running along the top of the hill slope, thus having a view of the rivers and opposite banks from about 100-150 meters above. The latter are great for walking, offering far-reaching views and good winds from the river.
- Upper Volga embankment (Верхневолжская набережная, Verkhnevolzhskaya nab.). Runs above Volga from Minin square to Sennaya square. Offers views over Volga, and also has some old, but mostly well-preserved buildings worth seeing.
- Fedorovsky embankment and Zalomov street (Набережная Федоровского, улица Заломова). Above Oka, starting not far from Kremlin and going south. There are several ways of accessing it from Bolshaya Pokrovskaya, all involving going by small side-streets; the old buildings on these are worth seeing on their own. You can also attempt climbing any of numerous stairways from Rozhdestvenskaya street. The embankment itself offers views over the Lower part of the city, and northwestwards views along Volga. Some festivals and events are sometimes held there; the hill slope has lots of paths and is very walkable. Also there are two pedesterian bridges — and a third one from Zalomov street, which leads to a small area of old wooden houses.
- Shveitzariya park (Парк Швейцария, literally Switzerland park), along Gagarin Ave, e-mail: [email protected]. Although not a street and not an embankment, the park is located on the slope of high Oka bank and has a lot of walking paths with views of the opposite Lower part of the city. The nature is said to be reminiscent of Swiss, and the park owns its name to this fact. Also contains a zoo, an observation wheel, and numerous cafes.
- The building of State Bank (Здание Государственного Банка), 26 Bolshaya Pokrovskaya st (on the corner of Gruzinskaya Грузинскаяstreet). The building itself is notable for its architectural style. It was built in early XX century for the State Bank, and still is occupied by the Nizhny Novgorod branch of Central bank of Russia. The interiors of the building are also beautiful, but it is really difficult to get into; generally, the visitors are allowed only in groups with pre-arrangement. Only one day a year, in May, the building is opened to anyone wishing.
- The main building of Nizhny Novgorod Fair (Главное здание Нижегородской ярмарки), 13 Sovnarkomovskaya st. Совнаркомовская ул. The XIX century building that used to be the main building of Nizhny Novgorod Fair, one of the main merchant's trading place in second half of XIX century in Russia. Now it is the center for different expositions, exhibitions and conferences.
- Stroganov's church (Церковь Собора Пресвятой Богородицы (Строгановская)), 34a Rozhdestvenskaya st. One of the most famous churches in Nizhny Novgorod, built in late XVII century by the merchant G.D. Stroganov, and known after his name. Bears a distinctive architectural style.
- Several XVII-century brick houses:
- Peter the Great's house (Домик Петра (Дом Чатыгина)), 27 Pochainskaya st. ул. Почаинская. Here, as it is said, Russian emperor Peter the Great have stayed twice during his visits to Nizhny.
- Pushkinov's house (Палаты Пушкинова), 52 Gogol street ул. Гоголя (near the end of the street, surrounded by Soviet-time and more modern buildings).
- Olisov's house (Палаты Олисова), 7 Krutoy per. Крутой пер.Probably the most beautiful of these old houses. In addition, separated by a small park from the hill slope that goes down Oka and Volga, it is not so overdominated by neighboring modern houses. A church nearby is also of XVII century.
- Monument to Valery Chkalov, the famous test pilot of the 1930s, known for his ultra long flight from Moscow to Washington State via the North Pole.
- Maxim Gorky, at the square named after him
- Alexander Pushkin (at the entrance to the Theatre of Opera and Ballet)
- Prince George and Saint Simon of Suzdal (inside the Kremlin).
- Pechersky Ascencion Monastery, near Sennaya Square a couple miles east of downtown, halfway down the slope to Volga. With a cathedral and several churches surrounded by a restored stone wall, the monastery is the seat of the archbishops of Nizhny Novgorod.
- A big variety of other churches and convents.
Museums & Galleries
- Museum-house of the writer Maxim Gorky, 19 Semashko st. ул. Семашко, . A big house with several rooms keeping the atmosphere of the 1900s.
- Museum-flat of Andrey Sakharov, 214 Gagarin ave. (пр. Гагарина) (inside an apartment building), . The memorial flat of Andrey Sakharov, the father of the H-bomb, dissident, human rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
- Russian museum of photography, 9a, Piskunov st. (ул. Пискунова), . , Old photos of Nizhny Novgorod, old photographic equipment, often different expositions.
- Museum of steam engines (200m away from the suburb station "Nizhny Novgorod Sortirovochnaya"). 15 engines constructed before 1950 in various countries
- History Museum of Nizhny Novgorod automobile plant (GAZ), 95 Lenin ave. (пр. Ленина). 8:30-16:00 Mo-Fr.
- Nizhny Novgorod State Museum of History and Architecture(Нижегородский государственный историко-архитектурный музей заповедник), , e-mail: [email protected]. It's an organization running several museums each holding some exhibitions and organizing different events:
- Rukavishnikovs' house (Усадьба Рукавишниковых), 7 Upper Volga Embankment Верхневолжская набережная. One of the most beautiful XIX-century houses in Nizhny Novgorod which once belonged to one of richest Nizhny Novgorod men. With exterior and interior kept to its original state, the museum organizes tours of the house, keeps some exhibition of the history of Nizhny Novgorod, and often holds different events.
- Nizhny Novgorod Povolzhye Peoples' Architecture and Life Museum (Музей архитектуры и быта народов Нижегородского Поволжья), 41 Gorbatovskaya st. Горбатовская ул. (Near the end stop of bus 28, on the edge of Schelkovsky Khutor park), . 10:00-16:00 except Mondays. A collection of old (1600s-1800s) wooden buildings (houses, churches, etc.) moved here from different villages of Nizhny Novgorod oblast. Many buildings are open, and you can walk in and see interior, etc. From time to time hosts different events.
- Nizhny Novgorod oblast handicraft museum (Музей истории художественных промыслов Нижегородской области), 43 Bolshaya Pokrovskaya Большая Покровская (Entrance through the side arch). Exposition of old Russian handicraft.
Things to do
- Zeleny Gorod (Зеленый Город, lit. Green City) (By bus from Sennaya bus station, or by car in the direction of Kstovo and Kazan. There are two roads leading from Nizhny to Kstovo, one along Larin street, the other along Rodionov street; you need to turn to Zeleny Gorod right before the two roads merge). Formally a part of Nizhny Novgorod, this forested area is located south from Upper part of the city, on the slope down to Kudma river and contains many resort facilities. It is a good place to go hiking in summer and to swim in the small Kudma river. There is also an artificial waterfall (concrete dam) in the upper part of Kudma, which is a good hiking destination if you are already in Zeleny Gorod (although definitely not worth a separate trip from Nizhny). You can also attempt bathing there, although be aware of lots of dangerous objects in the stream.
- Jet fighter flight on Sokol Airbase in MiG Jets, Nizhny Novgorod, MiGFlug & Adventure GmbH, Badenerstrasse 286, 8004 Zurich, , e-mail: [email protected]. Very nice but expensive experience. The customer can fly itself under close watch of the pilot. Supersonic flights and stratospheric Edge of Space flights are possible €12,500 for a MiG-29 Fulcrum flight including transfer from Moscow and all preparations.
- Go to Bor. Bor Бор is a town on the opposite bank of Volga river. There is nothing particularly interesting in the town itself, but a trip across Volga to Bor and back is worth doing for its scenery. There are two worth-taking ways of reaching Bor, you can combine them, although in such a case you will have to navigate the town to find the path from one station to another:
- Nizhny Novgorod cable car (Нижегородская канатная дорога), 8a Kazan embankment Казанская набережная (Nizhny Novgorod station); 12 Lunacharskogo st. ул. Луначарского, Bor (Bor station), . , (autoinformer)Cable car goes above Volga, offering views of Nizhny Novgorod and opposite bank of the river. From any place on the Upper Volga embankment you can see in the distance to the East the supporting towers and the cabins. The Nizhny Novgorod station itself is not easy to find, but look for two high round-shaped apartment towers near Sennaya square, and go past them along Sechenov street ул. Сеченова, then past a mosque towards the Volga bank; also look for signs "Канатная дорога". Note that the service is often interrupted, both due to weather such as strong winds, or for maintenance. RUR 80 single ride.
- Logoprom's air-cushion vehicle (Судно на воздушной подушке (Логопром)), . Air-cushion vehicle depart from a berth under Alexandrovsky sad and arrive to a berth on the opposite bank of Volga. Free buses take passengers to Minin square in Nizhny and to Market square in Bor. Runs all year except short breaks in spring and late autumn. RUR 90 one ride.
- Team Gorky (Команда Горький), 40 Let Octiabrya street, 1A, , e-mail: [email protected]. Apart from different adventure tours all over Russia, they offer some canoeing and flatwater rafting within Nizhny Novgorod region along small rivers flowing through forests and fields. From 6500 RUR for a weekend tour.
- Nizhny Novgorod planetarium (Нижегородский планетарий), 20 Revolutsionnaya st. (ул. Революционная), , e-mail: , 831 246-70-65[email protected]. Different programs, mainly for children, but some for adults too. Has also a simulator for space rendezvous of Soyuz spaceship and the International Space Station.
- Nizhny Novgorod circus (Нижегородский цирк), 32 Kommunisticheskaya st. (ул. Коммунистическая), . ,
- Limpopo zoo (Зоопарк Лимпопо), 7B Yaroshenko st (у. Ярошенко, 7Б) (on the edge of Sormovo park), , e-mail: , [email protected]. 10:00-20:30, ticket office closes at 19:30. A zoo with different animals, features a "contact zone" where you can walk among different non-dangerous animals. The area consists of two separate parts within 60 meters walking distance, one ticket is valid for entering both areas. You can access the entrances to the zoo both from Yaroshenko street and from Sormovo park via a pedestrian bridge. 300 RUR.
During winter, with permanent snow cover, Nizhny offers different possibilities for winter sports. Some of them are listed below.
- Skating is possible on many open ice rinks, starting from a hockey-rink-sized ones, often located near schools, poorly-maintained, lacking any room where you can left your belongings, but free for entrance, up to soccer-sized (and more) stadiums with proper infrastructure, skates rent and paid entrance.
- Trud stadium (Стадион Труд), 30 Yubileyny bulvar (бульвар Юбилейный) (The access to the stadium is via a bridge over a small river), , , fax: . Fri-Sun evenings. A big open stadium with cooling machines allowing to maintain ice quality even when the air temperature is above freezing (up to 10 C); therefore it is open roughly from end of October to start of April and has probably the best ice in the city. During this period, the stadium is a place for lots of competitions and sport events, but on Fri-Sun evenings (roughly from 16:00-18:00 till 20:00-21:00, better check before you go) it is open for public skating. It is also open for public skating every evening during public holidays, most notably in the first week of January. Have skate rent service and a cloakroom inside a small building; also rooms where you can change your boots to skates. You will also find stalls selling hot tea and snacks inside. Being the most popular of skating venues in Nizhny, it is often overcrowded. Come early if you want to experience good ice, as it is renewed every day before the stadium opens, and then gets worse (and really bad) during the evening with all the crowds rushing there. 150 RUB entrance, 100 RUB per one hour skates rent.
- Dinamo stadium (Стадион Динамо), 53 Bolshaya Pokrovskaya (Большая Покровская) (entrance through the arch to the left of October (Октябрь) cinema), , fax: . Another big open stadium with public skating almost every evening during winter. There is no cooling machines, so there is no skating in October and November and usually December too; only when day temperatures settle below freezing they make ice on the stadium. Even after this, the ice quality may be not the best, especially during periods when air temperature rises back to freezing. However, for its location in the city center and because it is open almost every day and for longer hours than Trud, it is also popular. Has skate rent service and a cloakroom inside a small building, you can change boots to skates in a long hall there.
- Mega shopping mall has also a very small skating rink at the main hall, but it's of interest only during summer, when big skating rinks do not work.
- Cross-country skiing is possible in many Nizhny Novgorod parks and in many forests surrounding the city; almost in every park you will find a circular ski track for classical skiing. Bigger forested areas, primary Schelkovsky Khutor (Щелковский Хутор) and adjacent Ankudinovsky forest (Анкудиновский лес) in the Upper city, and Dubravy forest (Дубравный) in the furthermost Sormovo have much more of classical and skating ski tracks. However, the infrastructure for ski rent is not widespread. Note also that most of the tracks have no lighting, so skiing after roughly 15:00, when it starts becoming darker, will not be pleasant.
- Ski rent at school 135 (Прокат лыж в школе 135), 22 Koreyskaya st. (ул. Корейская) (in the basement, entrance from the back side of the school building). A ski rent office near Schelkovsky Khutor forest. You can leave your belongings there and have a cup of hot tea on return.
- Khabarskoye sport club (Спорткомплекс Хабарское), Khabarskoye village, 1 Nagornaya st. (деревня Хабарское, ул. Нагорная, 1) (roughtly 30 km from the city boundary, near Bogorodsk town, on the high bank of Oka), , e-mail: , [email protected]. Downhill skiing on a steep hills of high bank of Oka river outside of city. However, it is not that simple to reach them.
- Boss Bar, Alekseevskaya St 10/16, entrance from October Street, . Drinks: RUB300; Meals: RUB300.
- Fabrika Bar & Club, Rozhdestvenskaya St, 43, , e-mail: [email protected]. Su-Th: 11AM-1AM; F-Sa: 11A-6AM.Cocktails: RUB400.
- Franky Cocktail Bar, ul. Zvezdinka, 10 в, . Su-Th: Noon-2AM; F-Sa: Noon-6AM.
- Kalina Bar, pr. Gagarina, 27, . 6PM-5AM. Bar and jazz and music club.
- Mixtura Bar, Lower Volga Embankment #16, , e-mail: [email protected]. Su-Th: 8PM-6AM; F-Sa: 7PM-6AM.Cocktails: RUB300-400; Meals: RUB500.
- Rock Bar, ul. Piskunova, 11, . Noon-5AM.Cocktails: RUB400-500; Meals: RUB200-500.