Russian Federation

Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg. It is the most populous city in Asian Russia, with a population of 1,473,754 as of the 2010 Census. It is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast as well as of the Siberian Federal District. The city is located in the southwestern part of Siberia on the banks of the Ob River adjacent to the Ob River Valley, near the large water reservoir formed by the dam of the Novosibirsk Hydro Power Plant, and occupies an area of 502.1 square kilometers (193.9 sq mi).

Info Novosibirsk


Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg. It is the most populous city in Asian Russia, with a population of 1,473,754 as of the 2010 Census.  It is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast as well as of the Siberian Federal District. The city is located in the southwestern part of Siberia on the banks of the Ob River adjacent to the Ob River Valley, near the large water reservoir formed by the dam of the Novosibirsk Hydro Power Plant, and occupies an area of 502.1 square kilometers (193.9 sq mi).

POPULATION : 1,567,087
FOUNDED :   1893
LANGUAGE : Russian
AREA : 502.7 km2 (194.1 sq mi)
COORDINATES : 55°03′N 82°57′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 46.14%
 Female: 53.86%
POSTAL CODE : 630000
DIALING CODE :  +7 383


Novosibirsk, founded in 1893 at the future site of a Trans-Siberian Railway bridge crossing the great Siberian river of Ob, first received the name Novonikolayevsk(Новониколаевск), in honor both of Saint Nicholas and of the reigning TsarNicholas II in place of Krivoshchekovskaya village, which was founded in 1696. The bridge was completed in the spring of 1897, making the new settlement the regional transport hub. The importance of the city further increased with the completion of the Turkestan-Siberia Railway in the early 20th century. The new railway connected Novosibirsk to Central Asia and the Caspian Sea.

At the time of the bridge's opening, Novonikolayevsk hosted a population of 7,800 people. Its first bank opened in 1906, with a total of five banks operating by 1915. In 1907, Novonikolayevsk, now with a population exceeding 47,000, was granted town status with full rights for self-government. The pre-revolutionary period saw the population of Novosibirsk reach 80,000. During this period the city experienced steady and rapid economic growth, becoming one of the largest commercial and industrial centers of Siberia and developing a significant agricultural processing industry, as well as a power station, iron foundry, commodity market, several banks, and commercial and shipping companies. By 1917, Novosibirsk possessed seven Orthodox churches and one Roman Catholic church, several cinemas, forty primary schools, a high school, a teaching seminary, and the Romanov House non-classical secondary school. In 1913, Novonikolayevsk became one of the first places in Russia to institute compulsory primary education.

The Russian Civil War took a toll on the city, with wartime epidemics, especially typhus and cholera, claiming thousands of lives. In the course of the war the Ob River Bridge was destroyed and for the first time in its history the population of Novonikolayevsk began to decline. The Soviet Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies of Novonikolayevsk took control of the city in December 1917. In May 1918, the Czechoslovak Legions rose in opposition to the revolutionary government and, together with the White Guards, captured Novonikolayevsk. The Red Army took the city in 1919, retaining it throughout the rest of the Civil War.

Novonikolayevsk began reconstruction in 1921 at the start of Lenin's New Economic Policy. It was a part of Tomsk Governorate and served as its administrative center from December 23, 1919 to March 14, 1920.Between June 13, 1921 and May 25, 1925, it served as the administrative center of Novonikolayevsk Governorate, which was separated from Tomsk Governorate. The city was given its present name on September 12, 1926.

When governments were abolished, the city served as the administrative center of Siberian Krai until July 23, 1930, and of Western Siberian Krai until September 28, 1937, when that krai was split into Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai. Since then, it has served as the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast.

One of the best examples of the early Soviet history is the Monument to the Heroes of the Revolution. It is located right in the center of the city and was one of the main historic sites (essentially every child had to visit the monument on school field trips during Soviet years). Then it was neglected in the 1990s and as a result somewhat ironically it turned out to be one of the best preserved Soviet-era sites.

During Stalin's industrialization, Novosibirsk secured its place as one of the largest industrial centers of Siberia. Several massive industrial facilities were created in there, including the 'Sibkombain' plant, specializing in the production of heavy mining equipment. Additionally a metal processing plant, a food processing plant and other industrial enterprises and factories were built, as well as a new power station. The Great Soviet Famine saw the influx of more than 170,000 refugees to Novosibirsk. The new arrivals settled in barracks at the outskirts of the city, giving rise to slums such as Bolshaya Nakhalovka, Malaya Nakhalovka, and others.

Rapid growth and industrialization were the reasons behind Novosibirsk's nickname: the "Chicago of Siberia".

Tram rails were laid down in 1934, by which time the population had reached 287,000, making Novosibirsk the largest city in Siberia. The following year the original bridge over the Ob River was replaced by the new Kommunalny bridge.

Between 1940 and 1942 more than 50 substantial factories were crated up and relocated from western Russia to Novosibirsk in order to reduce the risk of their destruction through war, and at this time the city became a major supply base for the Red army. During this period the city also received more than 140,000 refugees.

The rapid growth of the city prompted the construction during the 1950s of ahydro electric power station with a capacity of 400 megawatts, necessitating the creation of a giant water reservoir, now known as the Ob Sea. As a direct result of the station's construction vast areas of fertile land were flooded as were relic pine woods in the area; additionally, the new open space created by the reservoir's surface caused average wind speeds to double, increasing the rate of soil erosion.

In the 1950s, the Soviet Government directed that a center for scientific research be built in Novosibirsk, and in 1957 the multi-facility scientific research complex of Akademgorodok was constructed about 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of the city center. The Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences has its headquarters in Akademgorodok, and the town hosts more than 35 research institutes and universities, among them Novosibirsk State University, one of the top Russian schools in Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Although it possesses a fully autonomous infrastructure, Akademgorodok is administered by Novosibirsk.

On September 2, 1962, the population of Novosibirsk reached one million. At that time, it was the youngest city in the world with over a million people. Novosibirsk took fewer than seventy years to achieve this milestone.

In 1979, work began on the Novosibirsk Metro Transit System, culminating in the opening of the first line in 1985.

On August 1, 2008, Novosibirsk was in the center of the path of a solar eclipse, with a duration of 2 minutes and 20 seconds.


The weather in Novosibirsk is like the rest of typical Siberia, with a clear sky and far below freezing winter temperatures. The reason for these temperatures is the absence of nearby ocean, the Ural Mountains, barring Atlantic air masses from reaching Siberia, and the lack of tall mountains at the north of Novosibirsk, that could have held back freezing Arctic winds. In fact, Novosibirsk is the second farthest substantially populated city from the ocean, the first being Ürümqi, China.

The climate is humid continental (Köppen Dfb), with warm summers and severely cold winters. Snow is frequent, falling on almost half of all winter days, but individual snowfalls are usually light. On average temperatures range in summer from +15 °C (59 °F) to +26 °C (79 °F) and in winter from −20 °C (−4 °F) to −12 °C (10 °F). However, winter temperatures can go as low as −30 °C (−22 °F) to −35 °C (−31 °F), and summer temperatures can go as high as +30 °C (86 °F) to +35 °C (95 °F). The difference between the highest and lowest recorded temperatures is 88 °C (158 °F). Most days the weather is sunny, with an average of 2,880 hours of sunshine per year, but heavy rain is possible in summer.

Travelers coming from countries with mild climates may find Novosibirsk’s winter tough, but it may not be extraordinary for those from northern countries. At times, bitter cold may hold for some days, but temperatures of −40 °C (−40 °F) and lower do not occur every year. In the springtime, streets and roads become dirty as a result of mud and melting snow, while the weather is still cold.

Climate data for Novosibirsk

Record high °C (°F)4.1
Average high °C (°F)−12.1
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.5
Average low °C (°F)−20.9
Record low °C (°F)−46.2


The city stands on the banks of the Ob River in the West Siberian Plain. To the south of the city lies The Priobskoye Plateau.


Novosibirsk is a large industrial center. The industrial complex consists of 214 large and average sized industrial enterprises. These produce more than two-thirds of all industrial output of the Novosibirsk region. Leading industries are airspace (Chkalov's Novosibirsk Aircraft Plant), nuclear fuel (Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant), turbo- and hydroelectric generators (NPO ELSIB), textile machinery (Textilmach), agriculture machinery (NPO "Sibselmash"), electronics components and devices production (Novosibirsk Factory and Design Bureau of Semiconductor Devices, OXID Novosibirsk Plant of Radio components), metallurgy and metal working (Kuzmina's Novosibirsk Metallurgical Plant, Novosibirsk Tin Plant" OJSC, and JSC "Plant of Rare Metals).

According to the television station RBC Novosibirsk took third place in 2008 in the list of the cities of Russia most attractive to business (in 2007 it was placed thirteenth).

Before the relocation of its headquarters to Ob, S7 Airlines had its head office in Novosibirsk.

The headquarters of a number of large Russian companies are located in Novosibirsk:

  • RATM Holding
  • Belon
  • The Siberian coast» Food Company (until 2009)
  • NETA IT Company (retail, system integrator, software sales)
  • Parallels IT Company (software for virtualization)
  • Inmarko Food Company
  • Siberian Food Corporation
  • Electro-vacuum plant (the largest glass bottles factory in Asian part of country)

Internet, Comunication


Many cafes and restaurants offer either free or paid WiFi. There is also WiFi available in the main train station, public libraries, shopping malls, cinemas, universities and other establishments.

Internet cafes and computer clubs are also commonly found.


  • GermanyKrasny Prospekt, 28,  +7 (383) 231-00-52, 231-00-20fax:+7 (383) 231-00-55, e-mail: . Mon-Thu 8-30AM - 4PM; Fri 8-30AM - 3PM.

Visa Centers

  • Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Iceland, Malta, and Spain (EU Visa Center), Sibirskaya street, 57,  +7 (383) 209-0379. Mon-Fri 9AM - 4PM.
  • ItalyLenina street, 52,  +7 (383) 238-0723fax: +7(383) 238-0723.Mon-Fri 9AM - 4PM

Prices in Novosibirsk



Milk1 liter€0.70
Tomatoes1 kg€1.70
Cheese0.5 kg€3.75
Apples1 kg€1.45
Oranges1 kg€1.25
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.75
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€5.20
Coca-Cola2 liters€0.95
Bread1 piece€0.40
Water1.5 l€0.39



Dinner (Low-range)for 2€15.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€30.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€3.50
Water0.33 l€0.35
Cappuccino1 cup€1.95
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€1.75
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.75
Coca-Cola0.33 l€0.60
Coctail drink1 drink€4.50



Cinema2 tickets€10.00
Gym1 month€22.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€5.50
Theatar2 tickets€24.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.02
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€1.40



Antibiotics1 pack€3.95
Tampons32 pieces€2.60
Deodorant50 ml.€1.90
Shampoo400 ml.€2.25
Toilet paper4 rolls€0.90
Toothpaste1 tube€1.50



Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)€60.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M….)1€36.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€58.00
Leather shoes1€71.00



Gasoline1 liter€0.47
Taxi1 km€0.25
Local Transport1 ticket€0.30

Tourist (Backpacker)  

30 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

68 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Tolmachevo Airport, (IATA: OVB), +7 383 216-98-41, also known as Novosibirsk International Airport, is 16km from the city centre. The airport serves over 4 million passengers per year. There are regular to flights to many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Khabarovsk,Vladivostok, Krasnodar, Omsk, Ulan-Ude, Samara, Ufa, and Yekaterinburg as well as international flights to Dushanbe, Istanbul, Baku, Prague, Yerevan,Beijing, Almaty, Osh, Bishkek, and Dubai.

To travel between the airport and the city:

  • Bus #111 (RUB35) operates between the airport and the main train station "Novosibirsk-Glavny" (Новосибирск-Главный) and Avtovokzal (Автовокзал), the bus terminal (30 minutes).
  • Minibus #312 operates between the airport and the main train station.
  • Bus #112 (RUB30) operates between the airport and shopping mall "Mega" (IKEA).
  • A taxi takes around 30 minutes and should cost RUB500 if negotiated in advance.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

Vokzal-Glavny station is very close to theGarina Mikhailovskogo (Гарина Михайловского) metro station.

All Trans-Siberian trains stop at Novosibirsk Vokzal-Glavny Station. You can take this train as far as Moscow, Beijing,Ulaan Baator, or Vladivostok.

There are also regional trains to most nearby cities.

Timetables and fares can be searched for on the RZD website.


Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By foot

The city center is fairly compact and a walk from the railway station to Lenin's square takes around 20 minutes.

Transportation - Get Around

By public transport

Public transport includes a Metro system in the city centre as well as buses, trams, marshrutkas, and trolleybuses. A ride on intra-city public transport costs RUB35 or less.







There are a lot of malls, shops, boutiques and stores in Novosibirsk. They offer a lot of goods from all round the world and you can have a great time while shopping. However, be careful when buying anything there - always check what you buy, before you pay. Sometimes the goods you buy may be produced not by a brand company but by a company in an Asian country that has a license for producing products under this brand name. Sometimes the quality of these goods doesn't correspond to the quality of the original brand. This may be especially applied to the European brands. For example, the same scents may have a different aroma in Novosibirsk and somewhere in Europe. It doesn't mean that the goods have bad quality and you shouldn't shop. But be careful if you want to purchase anything. You could have a lot of fun if you go to markets like Central Market ("Центральный рынок") or "Baraholka". There you'll see people from around the world selling stuff that is not brand but it may have a good quality. Be careful there as well, as you may run into pocket pickers. You may even find some local food there and try some specials. There are a lot of different markets in the city but the most famous are Central Market and Baroholka. You may buy nothing there but what you see, you'll see nowhere in the world. It literally looks like an Asian market with only difference it's in the Russian way.

Shopping Malls

  • Aura Planeta Mall (Торгово-развлекательный центр Аура Новосибирск), Voyennaya ul., 5+7 383 230-30-40. 10AM-10PM
  • Mega Novosibirskул. Ватутина, 107,  +7 383 298-90-30. Includes IKEA.
  • Royal Park (ТРК Ройял Парк), Krasnyy pr., 101+7 383 230-04-04.


There are many good dining options and many local chain restaurants. Lenin Square is a popular place to eat. Italian food, sushi, and Russian food are all very popular. Many cafes offer lunch specials on weekdays.

  • Beerman. Friendly beer restaurants with several locations in the city: Beerman&Grill (1 Vokzalnaya Av., Novosibirsk Hotel), Beerman&Pelmeni (7 Kamenskaya St., Hilton Hotel), Beerman&Pizza (7 Karla Marksa Sq.) Great food and in-house beer.
  • Pechki-Lavochki (Печки-Лавочки), 11 locations. Rustic "Traktir"-type restaurants with typical Russian cuisine — grilled and/or smoked beef and pork, sausages. Several kinds of fish dishes. Wide selection of hot and cold appetizers, and hearty soups like Solyanka and Borscht. Their most central location is at 1 Lenina St. Mains: RUB450.

Coffe & Drink


The Russian café chain Coffee House (Кофе Хауз) has several locations in Novosibirsk, but the food is considered to be subpar and overpriced.

  • Travelers CoffeeSeveral locations. Good selection of tea and coffee. English menu is available. Some light snacks such as sandwiches, wraps, and cheesecakes, muffins and cookies. Free WiFi and plug sockets for your laptop. Very good service.
  • Kardamonул. Чаплыгина (Chaplygina) 39. An alternatively looking tea room with nice travellers' atmosphere. Tea for 100 RUB, light meals for 100-150 RUB.

Sights & Landmarks


  • As in every Russian city, there are multiple monuments to heroes of the Great Patriotic War (WWII), including an eternal flame guarded at special ceremonies by youths with replica Kalashnikovs.
  • Lenin's Square has a grey-color monument of Lenin left from Soviet era standing right in front of the Opera and Ballet House.
  • The exact geographical center of former Soviet Union just south of Lenin Square, marked by the Chapel of St. Nicholas, originally built in 1915 to commemorate 300 years of Romanov rule, destroyed in 1930 and rebuilt in 1993.


A visit to Akademgorodok, built in the 1950s as a mecca for academics but suffering from neglect in the post-Soviet years, is still pleasant as a day trip. This formerly elite institution is located about 30 KM south of the city and features several museums and nice, tree-lined streets.

While you're in the area, you might also visit one of several nice beaches on the Ob Sea, the large body of water created by a dam on the Ob River.

Also south of the city, about 2 km north of Akademgorodok, is the open-air West Siberian Rail Museum. There are about 90 historical trains and rail cars there.

Museums & Galleries

  • Novosibirsk State Museum of Local History and Nature (Новосибиркий Государственный Краеведческий Музей), Krasnyi Prospekt 23(Metro: Ploshid Lenina), +7 8(383)227-15-43.Sometimes closed to the public. Displays showing the history of Novosibirsk and Siberia. RUB100.
  • Novosibirsk Zoo(Новосибирский зоопарк),  +7 383 220-97-79. 9AM-9PM. With 10,000 animals, it is one of the largest zoos in Russia. Adults: RUB250; Children/Students: RUB100.

Things to do

  • Opera House(Novosibirsk State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater) (In the city centre),  +7 (383) 222-60-40, e-mail:. Many of the performances are famous works and it is interesting to see the Siberian interpretations. Recommended to purchase tickets in advance.
  • Since there is plenty of snow in Siberia during the winter, going skiing or ice skating could be a lot of fun in Novosibirsk. There are a lot of ice arenas in the city. Some of them are free of charge, but those don't usually rent skates. The ones that rent skates may be not free of charge. One of the centrally located stadiums is "Spartak".



  • Old Irish PubKrasny prospect #37,  +7 383 222-65-76. Noon-2AM.
  • People's Grill & BarKrasny prospect #17 (Down a stairway opposite St. Nicholas Chapel),  +7 383 218-09-39. noon-2am. Celebrity hangout. Serves burgers, wraps, pasta, pizza, sushi, fajitas and cocktails.
  • Pub 501ul. Lenina, 20,  +7 383 218-09-39. Serves great food as well as drinks. Prices are higher than most places..
  • Truba Jazz Club (Труба), pr. Dimitrova, 1,  +7 383 227-15-69. 7PM-6AM. Visit if you want to meet Novosibirsk's "underground" culture. Foreigners usually like this place.

Safety in Novosibirsk

Stay Safe

While it's better to stay away from some run-down areas the overall situation is not bad. Pervomayskiy rayon and far-off neighborhoods of Leninskiy and Kirovskiy rayons should be avoided at any time.

The safest place is the center (nearby Lenin Square), stay there and you will be all right.

High / 7.8

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Low / 3.9

Safety (Walking alone - night)