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- THINGS TO KNOW
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Trenčín is a city in western Slovakia of the central Váh River valley near the Czech border, around 120 km (75 mi) from Bratislava. It has a population of more than 56,000, which makes it the eighth largest municipality of the country and is the seat of the Trenčín Region and the Trenčín District. It has a medieval castle, Trenčín Castle, situated on a rock above the city.
The city is dominated by Trenčín Castle, which is the third-largest castle in Slovakia. Trenčín Castle is divided into upper and lower sections, with extensive fortifications. The upper castle has several palace buildings which surround the central medieval tower, which remains the highest point of the city. Below the castle, on the hillside, is the old parish church and a small upper square which is reached by historic covered stairs as well as by winding side streets. The old town has a large main square, with a large baroque church and a variety of shops, as well as a town tower. The Trenčín Synagogue, built in 1913 is a cultural center with exhibitions and concerts.
Pohoda, the most visited music festival in Slovakia, has been organized in Trenčín since 1997. As of 2004, it takes place at the Trenčín Airport.
The site of Trenčín has been inhabited since time immemorial. Trenčín Castle, a typical medieval fortified castle is situated high on a rock above the city.
Trenčín is best known for a Roman inscription on the rock below the Trenčín Castle dating from 179 AD, the era of the Marcomannic Wars, a series of wars between the Roman Empire and the Germanic Quadi. It denotes the site as Laugaricio and for long time it was the most northern known evidence of the presence of Roman soldiers in central Europe (until the Roman fort by Mušov and marching camps by Olomouc and Hulín were found).
Trenčín is one of the suggested locations for the capital of Samo's Empire in the 7th century. Wogastisburg (Vogast castle) was probably located somewhere on the Vah (Vogas) river and was also the site of a decisive battle between the Slavic and Frankish armies in 631.
It is plausible that Trenčín Castle was founded during the Great Moravian era. In the beginning of the 11th century, the region was controlled by king Bolesław I the Brave of Poland. In 1017, Stephen I of Hungary conquered the region which remained part of Hungary until 1918. By the end of the 11th century, the castle became the administrative centre of Trencsén county in the Kingdom of Hungary. As one of the few stone castles in the country it resisted the disastrous invasion of Mongols in 1241. In 1263 Trenčín was in the possession of Jakab Cseszneky royal swordbearer, but in 1302 King Wenceslas I took it away from the Cseszneky brothers because they were supporting his rival Charles Robert, and donated it to Matthew III Csák. Between 1302 and 1321 the castle was the seat of the powerful magnate Matthew Csák who controlled most of what is now present-day Slovakia. Challenging the authority of king Charles Robert, Matthew Csák maintained a large court and pursued his own foreign policy. The Treaty of Trentschin between Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland was signed in the city in 1335.
Trenčín gained a number of privileges during the Middle Ages: In 1324 the inhabitants were freed from paying tolls and the city received free royal town privileges in 1412 from King Sigismund. However, during the following decades and centuries there were catastrophes and wars which lasted until the end of the 18th century. During the conflict between the Habsburgs and the supporters of the rival king, János Szapolyai, the town was captured in 1528 by imperial troops. In the 17th century the Ottomans were another threat from the south but they failed to conquer the city. The town then suffered from the Kuruc uprising against the Habsburgs and on 3 August 1708 the Battle of Trenčín took place close to the city. Two years later a plague killed 1,600 inhabitants of the city. Finally, in 1790 the town, along with the castle, was burned down and the castle has been in ruins ever since.
In the 19th century Trenčín flourished, as the railways to Žilina and Bratislava were built and many new enterprises were established, particularly in the textile, food and machine industries.
The town became the hub of the middle Považie (Váh) region.
In 1867 Trenčín was downgraded from a "free royal town" to a "town with municipal government" and came under the direct control of the chief of Trenčín county.
Trenčín flourished again during the era of the first Czechoslovak republic and became the capital of the Trenčín county again between 1940–1945 when the Slovak Republic was in existence.
Shortly after the Slovak National Uprising began, Trenčín was occupied by Nazi Germany and it became the headquarters of the Sicherheitsdienst and the Gestapo.
Trenčín was captured by the Romanian and Soviet troops on 10 April 1945.
Since 1990, the historical centre of the city has been largely restored and since 1996 it has been the seat of Trenčín Region and Trenčín District. The castle and its Roman inscription have attracted tourism since.
Trenčín lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
Climate data for Trenčín
|Average high °C (°F)||2|
|Average low °C (°F)||−4|
|Average precipitation cm (inches)||1.78|
|Source: MSN Weather|
Trenčín lies at an altitude of 262 metres (860 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 82.0 square kilometres (31.7 sq mi). It lies in the Trenčín Basin of north-western Slovakia, which is surrounded by the Strážov Mountains, Považský Inovec and White Carpathians, with the last mentioned being a protected area. The Váh River flows in the north-south axis.
- Internetova kaviaren, Braneckého 6; Hours: Monday - Friday 9AM - 10PM, 12PM - 10PM.
- Internet Modra linka, Štúrovo námestie 11; Hours: Monday - Saturday: 10AM - 10PM, Sunday: 12PM - 10PM
- Hajex Cafe, Palackého 17; Hours: Monday - Friday: 10AM - 9PM, Saturday: Closed, Sunday: 3PM - 9PM.
Transportation - Get In
Trenčín is situated in the north-west of Slovakia, 120 kilometres north of Bratislava, close to the border with the Czech Republic. The main highway from Bratislava to Kosice, which is in some parts still in progress, has a direct exit to the centre of Trenčín. When taking the D1 highway from Bratislava it shouldn't be more than a one hour trip. Traveling by car to Kosice from Trenčín takes about four hours, while Banska Bystrica, which is in the middle of Slovakia, is two hours drive away.
You can take one of the frequent trains from Bratislava to Trenčín, as it is on the national main line. It takes about one hour and forty minutes to reach Trencin from Bratislava. The trip further east to Kosice takes from 3.5 to 4.5 hours depending on which kind of train you take.
Because of the location of Trenčín in relation to other surrounding destinations, it has many buses going through it. The trip to Bratislava from Trenčín takes about two hours (the train is a better option), to Banska Bystrica takes about three hours (a bus is the fastest way) and if you want to travel to Kosice, take the train.
The main station for local buses is across the road from the train station. Tickets can be bought on the bus.
Transportation - Get Around
City centre is very small and you can easily walk from one side to another in a few minutes and most of it is pedestrian area.
Trenčín has a rather good public transportation system although not so frequent to a smaller boroughs. Bus drivers sell tickets, but you can only use cash. Ticket is valid only for one journey without change and costs 0,60 € and for baggage larger than 30x40x60 cm 0,25 €. To board you need to use first door.
For schedules and map of routes see imhd.sk (also in English).
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Fashion is a synonym to city Trenčín in the past it was called “Trenčín town of fashion”; this wonderful town has many nice small shops and big shopping malls. Small classical shops are surrounded in the town centre. A lot of nice shops create a nice look to the square. Both shopping and sightseeing could be done in the town centre.
Shopping centers, Malls
- Max - gen. M.R. Štefánika 426, there are a lot of cafés and small shops, located 1km from the train and bus station.
- Baumax, Big Boxes and Tesco - Električná 911 01 Trenčín, are on the other side of the town. There are some good shops, and also cheap ones. But my recommendation is to go to the square.
- Južanka Shopping Centre - it is located in the part of town which is called “Juh”.
- Laugaricio- the new shopping centre on the outskirt of the city. There are a lot of sport shops and there are also shops with clothes and a lot of cafés and restaurants.
In Trenčín there are many good places where you can eat, there are some really good fast foods in the town centre, and you can have their national specialties in a roll, such as “Cigánska pečienka”, which pork roast on the split in the roll.
- U Sanera this restaurant is very popular because they are serving huge portions of meal for good price, but they are cooking only Slovak meals
- Gazdovska very popular restaurant in the centre near “Peace Square”
- Cinema Movies Club it is restaurant and dancing club too, advantage is that they are serving meals during the night
- Papa´s Garden located near the fountain of waterman, they are serving meals like Kebab, Gyros and so on...
- Basta this restaurant is located on the place called “Ostrov (island)” and only this one restaurant is opened all day and all night.
- Giacomo Pizzeria typical Italian pizza with everything what belongs to it, they are also serving pasta and salads. This pizzeria is very close to Restaurant U Sanera.
- Retro Restaurant. Very clean, good service, they have very good meals and the prices are quite good, also every weekend there's live music.
- Restaurant Fatima is on the way up to the Castle, very nice
- The Tatra Hotel is absolutely excellent it has never been out of the top 10 hotels in Slovakia and does an very nice all you can eat breakfast for 150 Kc
Coffe & Drink
Although Trenčín is a small city, there are many places where you can drink. The season begins on Friday and Saturday when many people drive out to centre to undergo some entertainment.
One big Tea room is located on the Mierové Square opposite to the Church, which is also a shop with tea stuff. There is one very good tea – Tea of Old Touaregs, green tea made from gunpowder.
Čajovňa Jaipur is an oriental themed tea-house on the other side of the clock tower near the tourist info center on Hviezdoslavova 8. It has a pleasant atmosphere and friendly staff, delicious tea, non-alcoholic cocktails and sheesha pipes. They often have live music, and there is a terrace for pleasant evenings.
Sights & Landmarks
- Trenčín Castle (Trenčiansky hrad) - on a rock above the city.
- Executioner's House (Katov dom) - Matúšová Ul. 14.
- Roman inscription from the year 179 (Rímsky nápis) - There's one unique Roman inscription from the year 179 when the Roman legions led by Marcus Aurelius wintered in the settlement then named Laugaricio there. It's written on the castle rock and it's freely accessible from within the Hotel Elizabeth (formerly Hotel Tatra).
- City Gate (Mestská veža) - remaining part of city fortification.
- Synagogue (Synagóga) - build in 1913 is accessible at times of occasional exhibits; with a small worship room in the back of the building.
- The museum of wheels (Múzeum kolies) - exhibits of car wheels made from wood or stone.
- Beckov Castle (Beckovský hrad) - is a local castle ruin. It is easily reachable by bike from Trenčín or by few direct buses from Trenčín or with one change via Nové Mesto nad Váhom.
- Mineral water in Kubrá (Kubranská kyselka) - spring of mineral water located in Kubrá near wood with playground for kids. Easily accessible by foot, car or bus (nr. 7, 11 and 13 from bus stop Kubranská, kyselka).
- Island (Ostrov) - popular recreational place just next to the city centre. Also the venue of annual summer event Splanekor (Splav netradičných korábov - Sailing of unusual ships).
- Pohoda festival - one of the biggest Slovak music events, organized annually in Trenčín Airport.
Things to do
- Hradza on the Vah
The Hradza is a levee along the Vah river. The path is used by walkers, bikers, and rollerbladers.
The Brezina is forest which runs around the south-east of Trenčín just two minutes by walk from the city centre. It contains number of very nice, quiet and safe trails also good for biking.
On the part of the town called “Ostrov”, which is situated on the Vah river, are many choices of sport and leisure activities. Here is also The Sports Indoor Centre, providing many sports including squash. tel. 032/744 44 47
- Municipal indoor swimming pool - Mládežnícka 3, tel. 032/ 744 36 22
- Tennis courts, 0905 981 257. Karpatská ulica, open daily during the summer season.
- Tichá ulička,0905 626 523.
- Ostrov, 0908 526 943. open daily during the Summer season,
- Fitness Gabrhel, 032/743 15 03. Opatovská cesta 676.
- Fitness Gabrhel, 032/640 07 52. Gen. Svobodu 1.
- Fit Centrum - club - Šnajdr, 032/743 14 35. Mládežnícka.
- Body building P + D Jarábek, 0903 220 080. Lavičková 3472.
- Outdoor swimming pool, 032/743 27 44. Mládežnícka 2.
- Outdoor swimming pool, 032/652 30 74. Zlatovská cesta.
- Municipal indoor swimming pool - Mládežnícka 3, tel. 032/ 743 48 13
There is possibility to go canoeing on the Vah river during the Summer season. You can also lend canoe at the "Ostrov".
- Cinemax - ZOC MAX, it is a complex consisted of four cinemas in one shopping centre called Max on the Stefanikova street.
- Metro – Cinema in the heart of the city on the main square. They use to play non-commercial movies from different countries worldwide.
- Galeria M. A. Bazovskeho,Palackeho Ulica 27
- Municipal gallery, Mierové námestie 22. Gallery hosts naive and professional artists from Trencin region.
- Trenčín Museum, Mierové námestie 46. Museum is situated just at the beginning of the main square coming from hotel Tatra by the left hand. It is generally presenting the history of Trencin and has nice exposition of animals as well. Music undertakings often provided.
Festivals and events
- Pohoda Music Festival. This is the big event that everyone looks forward to. It takes place second weekend of July. Usually starts from Thursday afternoon till Sunday morning. Main programme is planned for Friday and Saturday. Approx. 25 000 people attend event. Mostly camping in tents in the area of former military airport.
- Art Film Fest. International movie festival. The Art Film Fest is a competitive International Film Festival. The festival was founded in 1993, it takes place each year at the end of June, in the historical town of Trenčín and the nearby historical spa resort of Trenčianske Teplice.
Bars and Pubs
- Life Music small pub with good background, students are meeting there especially on Friday and Saturday
- Steps Pub and Cocktail Bar. located near the town tower. High end. Usually no fee during weekends, best sound and light system in town, Drinks are quite expensive in comparison with other pubs in town, but for Westerners still OK. Nobody under 18.
- Cinema Movies Club – very good place for entertainment on Friday and Saturday, during the week it is the restaurant. No entrance fee to disco, drinks are cheaper than Steps and also society is middle class.
Things to know
Slovaks are very popular for they hospitality for foreign people. They are also well known in world for they adaptability and kindness, but if you have any problem try to ask them nowadays many Slovaks speak English or other foreign language and they will be glad to help you if not try to call 112(police, first aid, and firefighter).
Trencin is quite a silent town it is very safe by European and American standards; there is not so much crime like in other parts of world, police is highly respected in town and could be met very often in downtown. But only one recommendation, stay safe of pickpockets or thieves. Take care of your wallet if you are in the bus, train and in crowded place.