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Valencia is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 1.5 million people. Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million. The Port of Valencia is the 5th busiest container port in Europe and the busiest container port on the Mediterranean Sea. The city is ranked at Gamma in the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
Valencia was founded as a Roman colony in 138 BC. The city is situated on the banks of the Turia, on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula, fronting the Gulf of Valencia on the Mediterranean Sea. Its historic centre is one of the largest in Spain, with approximately 169 hectares; this heritage of ancient monuments, views and cultural attractions makes Valencia one of the country's most popular tourist destinations.
Valencia is integrated into an industrial area on the Costa del Azahar(Orange Blossom Coast). Valencia's main festival is the Falles. The traditional Spanish dish, paella, originated in Valencia.
|POPULATION :||• City 809,267|
• Urban 1,561,000
• Metro 1,705,742 to 2,516,818
|FOUNDED :||138 BC|
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone CET (GMT +1)|
• Summer (DST) CEST (GMT +2) (UTC)
|AREA :||134.65 km2 (51.99 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||15 m (49 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||39°28′N 0°23′W|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 49.5%|
• Female: 50.5%
|AREA CODE :||96|
|POSTAL CODE :||46000-46080|
|DIALING CODE :||+34 96|
Valencia is a charming old city and the capital of the Valencian Autonomous Community of Spain that is well worth a visit. It is the third Spanish city in terms of importance and population, and the 15th in the European Union, with 810,064 inhabitants in the city proper and 1,832,270 in the Metropolitan Area (INE 2008). It is on the Mediterranean Sea approximately four hours to the south of Barcelona and three hours to the east of Madrid. Valencia is famous for its Fallas Festival in March, for being the birthplace of paella, for hosting the "2007 & 2010 America's Cup", and for the massive architectural project by Santiago Calatrava called The City of Arts and Sciences.
The river Turia ran through the center of the city, but it was redirected a while back and replaced by a beautiful park. This is a very nice place to spend any free time you have in the city on a sunny day.
Valencia hosted to the 2007 & 2010 America's Cup. This fact, along with the construction of the "City of Arts and Science" by renowned architect and Valencian Santiago Calatrava have made Valencia a city in transition. Massive construction and transformation over the last 10 years have turned a once little-considered medium city into a meatier and more interesting destination.
Despite being on the Mediterranean Sea, even residents used to say that "Valencia has always lived with its back to the sea", meaning that the spirit and the core of the city is not necessarily integrated with its beach. The city center and the most visited neighborhoods are not particularly close to the beach. However, the construction of the city esplanade in the eighties, along with the marina, and the recovery of the tram to the maritime neighborhoods, have gone some way toward easing this stance.
Valencia was founded by the Romans and was held by the Moors from the 8th to the 13th century (with a short interruption by El Cid). In 1609, the Moors who had converted to Catholicism were expelled from the city. During the Spanish civil war in the 1930s, Valencia was the capital of the Republic, which eventually lost to Franco's forces.
Major monuments include Valencia Cathedral, the Torres de Serrans, the Torres de Quart (es:Torres de Quart), the Llotja de la Seda (declared aWorld Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996), and the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències (City of Arts and Sciences), an entertainment-based cultural and architectural complex designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela. The Museu de Belles Arts de València houses a large collection of paintings from the 14th to the 18th centuries, including works by Velázquez, El Greco, and Goya, as well as an important series of engravings by Piranesi. The Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (Valencian Institute of Modern Art) houses both permanent collections and temporary exhibitions of contemporary art and photography.
Tourist Info Valencia. All offices sell the Valencia Tourist Card as well as tickets to various attractions, can help with restaurant and concert reservations, and can assist with booking bus, bicycle, or walking tours.
- Tourist Info Valencia - Reina, Plaça de la Reina, 19 (Main Office), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Sa 09:00-19:00, Su and holidays 10:00-14:00; closed 25 Dec and 1-6 Jan.
- Tourist Info Valencia - Ayuntamiento, Plaça de l'Ajuntament, s/n (booth in the plaza by city hall), . M-Sa 09:00-19:00, Su and holidays 10:00-14:00; closed 25 Dec and 1-6 Jan.
- Tourist Info Valencia - Airport, Planta de Llegadas (Arrivals Hall), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. Mar-Oct: M-F 08:30-20:30, Sa Su and holidays 09:30-17:30; Nov-Feb: M-F 08:30-20:30, Sa 09:30-17:30, Su and holidays 09:30-14:30; closed 25 Dec and 1-6 Jan.
Valencia is one of the oldest cities in Spain, founded in the Roman period under the name (Valentia Edetanorum es) on the site of a former Iberian town,by the river Turia in the province of Edetania.
About two thousand Roman colonists were settled there in 138 BC during the rule of consul Decimus Junius Brutus Galaico. The Roman historian Florus says that Brutus transferred the soldiers who had fought under him to that province. This was a typical Roman city in its conception, as it was located in a strategic location near the sea on a river island crossed by the Via Augusta, the imperial road that connected the province to Rome, the capital of the empire. The centre of the city was located in the present-day neighbourhood of the Plaza de la Virgen. Here was the forum and the crossing of the Cardo Maximus and the Decumanus Maximus, which remain the two main axes of the city. The Cardo corresponds to the existing Calle de Salvador, Almoina, and the Decumanus corresponds to Calle de los Caballeros.
Pompey razed Valentia to the ground in 75 BC to punish it for its loyalty to Sertorius. It was rebuilt around fifty years later with large infrastructure projects, and by the mid-first century, experienced rapid urban growth. Pomponius Mela called it one of the principal cities of the Tarraconensis province. Valencia suffered a new period of decline in the third century, but an early Christian community arose there during the latter years of the Roman Empire, in the fourth century.
Golden Age of Valencia
The 15th century was a time of economic expansion, known as the Valencian Golden Age, in which culture and the arts flourished. Concurrent population growth made Valencia the most populous city in the Crown of Aragon. Local industry, led by textile production, reached a great development, and a financial institution, the Canvi de Taula, was created to support municipal banking operations; Valencian bankers lent funds to Queen Isabella I of Castile for Columbus's voyage in 1492. At the end of the century the Silk Exchange (Llotja de la Seda) building was erected as the city became a commercial emporium that attracted merchants from all over Europe.
This boom was reflected in the growth of artistic and cultural pursuits. Some of the most emblematic buildings of the city were built during this period, including the Serranos Towers (1392), the Lonja (1482), the Miguelete and the Chapel of the Kings of the Convent of Santo Domingo. In painting and sculpture, Flemish and Italian trends had an influence on artists such as Lluís Dalmau, Peris Gonçal and Damià Forment. Literature flourished with the patronage of the court of Alfonso the Magnanimous, supporting authors like Ausiàs March, Roiç de Corella, and Isabel de Villena. By 1460 Joanot Martorell wrote Tirant lo Blanch, an innovative novel of chivalry that influenced many later writers, from Cervantes to Shakespeare. Ausiàs March was one of the first poets to use the everyday language Valencian, instead of the troubadour language, Occitan. Also around this time, between 1499 and 1502, the University of Valencia was founded under the parsimonious name ofEstudio General ("studium generale", place of general studies).
Valencia was one of the most influential cities on the Mediterranean in the 15th and 16th centuries. The first printing press in the Iberian Peninsula was located in Valencia and Lambert Palmart and his associates began to print in 1473. This was due to the manager of the Valencian factory of the Great Trading Company of Ravensburg in Swabia. The second printed Bible in a Romance language, the Valencian Bible attributed to Bonifaci Ferrer, was printed in Valencia circa 1478.
Following the discovery of the Americas, the European economy was oriented towards the Atlantic to the detriment of the Mediterranean trade. Despite the dynastic union of Aragon with Castile, the conquest and exploitation of America was the exclusive domain of Castile. The Valencians, like the Catalans, Aragonese and Majorcans, were prohibited participation in the cross-Atlantic commerce.
Faced with this loss of business, Valencia suffered a severe economic crisis. This manifested early in 1519–1523 when the artisan guilds known as the Germanies revolted against the government of the Habsburg kingCharles I in Valencia, now part of the Crown of Aragon, with most of the fighting done in 1521. The revolt was an anti-monarchist, anti-feudal autonomist movement inspired by the Italian republics, and a social revolt against the nobility who had fled the city before an epidemic of plague in 1519. It also bore a strong anti-Islamic aspect, as rebels rioted against Aragon's population of mudéjars and imposed forced conversions to Christianity.
The vicereine Germaine of Foix brutally repressed the uprising and its leaders, and this accelerated the authoritarian centralisation of the government of Charles I. Queen Germaine favoured harsh treatment of the agermanats. She is thought to have signed the death warrants of 100 former rebels personally, and sources indicate that as many as 800 executions may have occurred. The agermanats are comparable to the comuneros of neighbouring Castile, who fought a similar revolt against Charles from 1520–1522.
The crisis deepened during the 17th century with the expulsion in 1609 of the Jews and the Moriscos, descendants of the Muslim population that converted to Christianity under threat of exile from Ferdinand and Isabella in 1502. From 1609 through 1614, the Spanish government systematically forced Moriscos to leave the kingdom for Muslim North Africa. They were concentrated in the former Kingdom of Aragon, where they constituted a fifth of the population, and the Valencia area specifically, where they were roughly a third of the total population. The expulsion caused the financial ruin of some of the nobility and the bankruptcy of the Taula de Canvi in 1613. The Crown endeavoured to compensate the nobles, who had lost much of their agricultural labour force; this harmed the economy of the city for generations to come. Later, during the so-called Catalan Revolt (1640–1652), Valencia contributed to the cause of Philip IV with militias and money, resulting in a period of further economic hardship exacerbated by the arrival of troops from other parts of Spain.
Valencia under the Bourbons
The decline of the city reached its nadir with the War of Spanish Succession(1702–1709) that marked the end of the political and legal independence of the Kingdom of Valencia. During the War of the Spanish Succession, Valencia sided with Charles of Austria. On 24 January 1706, Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough, 1st Earl of Monmouth, led a handful of English cavalrymen into the city after riding south from Barcelona, capturing the nearby fortress at Sagunt, and bluffing the Spanish Bourbon army into withdrawal.
The English held the city for 16 months and defeated several attempts to expel them. English soldiers advanced as far as Requena on the road to Madrid. After the victory of the Bourbons at the Battle of Almansa on 25 April 1707, the English army evacuated Valencia and Philip V ordered the repeal of the privileges of Valencia as punishment for the kingdom's support of Charles of Austria. By the Nueva Planta decrees (Decretos de Nueva Planta) the ancient Charters of Valencia were abolished and the city was governed by the Castilian Charter. The Bourbon forces burned important cities like Xativa, where pictures of the Spanish Bourbons in public places are hung upside down as a protest to this day. The capital of the Kingdom of Valencia was moved to Orihuela, an outrage to the citizens of Valencia. Philip ordered the Cortes to meet with the Viceroy of Valencia, Cardinal Luis de Belluga, who opposed the change of capital because of the proximity of Orihuela, a religious, cultural and now political centre, to Murcia (capital of another viceroyalty and his diocese). Because of his hatred of the city of Orihuela, which had bombarded and looted Valencia during the War of Succession, the cardinal resigned the viceroyalty in protest against the actions of Philip, who finally relented and returned the capital to Valencia.
With the abolition of the charters of Valencia and most of its institutions, and the conformation of the kingdom and its capital to the laws and customs of Castile, top civil officials were no longer elected, but instead were appointed directly from Madrid, the king's court city, the offices often filled by foreign aristocrats. Valencia had to become accustomed to being an occupied city, living with the presence of troops quartered in the Citadel near the convent of Santo Domingo and in other buildings such as the Lonja, which served as a barracks until 1762.
The Valencian economy recovered during the 18th century with the rising manufacture of woven silk and ceramic tiles. The Palau de Justícia is an example of the affluence manifested in the most prosperous times of Bourbon rule (1758–1802) during the rule of Charles III. The 18th century was the age of the Enlightenment in Europe, and its humanistic ideals influenced such men as Gregory Maians and Perez Bayer in Valencia, who maintained correspondence with the leading French and German thinkers of the time. In this atmosphere of the exaltation of ideas the Economic Society of Friends of the Country (Societat Econòmica d'Amics del País) was founded in 1776; it introduced numerous improvements in agriculture and industry and promoted various cultural, civic, and economic institutions in Valencia.
The 19th century began with Spain embroiled in wars with France, Portugal, and England—but the War of Independence most affected the Valencian territories and the capital city. The repercussions of the French Revolution were still felt when Napoleon's armies invaded the Iberian Peninsula. The Valencian people rose in arms against them on 23 May 1808, aroused by such characters as Vicent Doménech el Palleter.
The mutineers seized the Citadel, a Supreme Junta government took over, and on 26–28 June, Napoleon's Marshal Moncey attacked the city with a column of 9,000 French imperial troops in the First Battle of Valencia. He failed to take the city in two assaults and retreated to Madrid. Marshal Suchet began a long siege of the city in October 1811, and after intense bombardment forced it to surrender on 8 January 1812. After the capitulation, the French instituted reforms in Valencia, which became the capital of Spain when the Bonapartist pretender to the throne, José I (Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon's elder brother), moved the Court there in the middle of 1812. The disaster of the Battle of Vitoria on 21 June 1813 obliged Suchet to quit Valencia, and the French troops withdrew in July.
During the Napoleonic invasion, the Valencians had sent representatives to the Cortes of Cádiz, where a liberal, anti-seigneurial national constitution was drafted. Ferdinand VII became king after the victorious end of the Peninsular War, which freed Spain from Napoleonic domination. When he returned on 24 March 1814 from exile in France, the Cortes requested that he respect the liberal Constitution of 1812, which seriously limited royal powers.
Ferdinand refused and went to Valencia instead of Madrid. Here, on 17 April, General Elio invited the King to reclaim his absolute rights and put his troops at the King's disposition. The king abolished the Constitution of 1812. He followed this act by dissolving the two chambers of the Spanish Parliament on 10 May. Thus began six years (1814–1820) of absolutist rule, but the constitution was reinstated during the Trienio Liberal, a period of three years of liberal government in Spain from 1820–1823.
A fervent follower of the absolutist cause, Elío had played an important role in the repression of the supporters of the Constitution of 1812. For this, he was arrested in 1820 and executed in 1822 by garroting. Conflict between absolutists and liberals continued, and in the period of conservative rule called the Ominous Decade (1823–1833), which followed the Trienio Liberal, there was ruthless repression by government forces and the Catholic Inquisition. The last victim of the Inquisition was Gaietà Ripoli, a teacher accused of being a deist and a Mason who was hanged in Valencia in 1824.
On the death of King Ferdinand VII in 1833, Baldomero Esparterobecame one of the most ardent defenders of the hereditary rights of his daughter, Isabella II. On the outbreak of the First Carlist War, the government sent him to the front, where he severely defeated the Carlists in many encounters. He was associated with the radical, or progressive, wing of Spanish liberalism and became its symbol and champion after taking credit for the victory over the Carlists in 1839.
During the regency of Maria Cristina, Espartero ruled Spain for two years as its 18th Prime Minister from 16 September 1840 to 21 May 1841. Under his progressive government the old regime was tenuously reconciled to his liberal policies. During this period of upheaval in the provinces he declared that all the estates of the Church, its congregations, and its religious orders were national property—though in Valencia, most of this property was subsequently acquired by the local bourgeoisie. City life in Valencia carried on in a revolutionary climate, with frequent clashes between liberals and republicans, and the constant threat of reprisals by the Carlist troops of General Cabrera.
The reign of Isabella II as an adult (1843–1868) was a period of relative stability and growth for Valencia. Services and infrastructure—including municipal water supply, paved roads, and gas distribution—were substantially improved, and a large-scale construction project was initiated at the port. Gas lighting was introduced in 1840, and soon after a public works project began to pave the streets with cobblestones, a task that took several years because of the lack of council funds.
The public water supply network was completed in 1850, and in 1858 the architects Sebastián Monleón Estellés, Antonino Sancho, and Timoteo Calvo drafted a general expansion project for the city that included demolishing its ancient walls (a second version was printed in 1868). Neither proposed project received final approval, but they did serve as a guide, though not closely followed, for future growth. By 1860 the municipality had 140,416 inhabitants, and beginning in 1866 the ancient city walls were almost entirely demolished to facilitate urban expansion. Electricity was introduced to Valencia in 1882.
During the Cantonal Revolution of 1873, a cantonalist uprising that took place during the First Spanish Republic, the city was consolidated with most of the nearby cities in the Federal Canton of Valencia (proclaimed on 19 July and dissolved on 7 August). It did not have the revolutionary fervor of the movement in cities like Alcoy, as it was initiated by the bourgeoisie, but the Madrid government sent General Martinez-Camposto stifle the rebellion by force of arms and subjected Valencia to an intense bombardment. The city surrendered on 7 August; Alfonso XII was proclaimed king on 29 December 1874, and arrived in Valencia on 11 January 1875 on his way to Madrid, marking the end of the first republic. Despite the Bourbon restoration, the roughly even balance between conservatives and liberals in the government was sustained in Valencia until the granting of universal male suffrage in 1890, after which the Republicans, led by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, gained considerably more of the popular vote.
During the second half of the 19th century the bourgeoisie encouraged the development of the city and its environs; land-owners were enriched by the introduction of the orange crop and the expansion of vineyards and other crops,. This economic boom corresponded with a revival of local traditions and of the Valencian language, which had been ruthlessly suppressed from the time of Philip V. Around 1870, the Valencian Renaissance, a movement committed to the revival of the Valencian language and traditions, began to gain ascendancy. In its early stages the movement inclined to the romanticism of the poet Teodor Llorente, and resisted the more assertive remonstrances of Constantine Llombart, founder of the still extant cultural society, Lo Rat Penat, which is dedicated to the promotion and dissemination of the Valencian language and culture.
In 1894 the Círculo de Bellas Artes de Valencia (Circle of Fine Arts in Valencia) was founded.
During the 20th century Valencia remained the third most populous city of Spain as its population tripled, rising from 213,550 inhabitants in 1900 to 739,014 in 2000. Valencia was also third in industrial and economic development; notable milestones include urban expansion of the city in the latter 1800s, the creation of the Banco de Valencia in 1900, construction of the Central and Columbus markets, and the construction of the Gare du Nord railway station, completed in 1921. The new century was marked in Valencia with a major event, the Valencian regional exhibition of 1909 (La Exposición Regional Valenciana de 1909), which emulated the national and universal expositions held in other cities. This production was promoted by the Ateneo Mercantil de Valencia (Mercantile Athenaeum of Valencia), especially by its chairman, Tomás Trénor y Palavicino, and had the support of the Government and the Crown; it was officially inaugurated by King Alfonso XIII himself.
In the early 20th century Valencia was an industrialised city. The silk industry had disappeared, but there was a large production of hides and skins, wood, metals and foodstuffs, this last with substantial exports, particularly of wine and citrus. Small businesses predominated, but with the rapid mechanisation of industry larger companies were being formed. The best expression of this dynamic was in the regional exhibitions, including that of 1909 held next to the pedestrian avenue L'Albereda (Paseo de la Alameda), which depicted the progress of agriculture and industry. Among the most architecturally successful buildings of the era were those designed in the Art Nouveau style, such as the North Station (Gare du Nord) and the Central and Columbus markets.
Industrial workers began to organise in increasing numbers to demand better living conditions. The Republican party of Blasco Ibáñez responded to these demands and gained enormous popular support, dominating the ruling council between 1901 and 1923.
World War I (1914–1918) greatly affected the Valencian economy, causing the collapse of its citrus exports. The establishment of the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in 1923 tempered social unrest for some years, but not the growing political radicalisation of the working classes. The labor movement gradually consolidated its union organisation, while the conservative factions rallied around the Valencian Regional Right.
The Republic (1931–1939) opened the way for democratic participation and the increased politicisation of citizens, especially in response to the rise of Conservative Front power in 1933. This climate marked the elections of 1936, won by the Popular Front political coalition, which promoted the fervor of the masses. The military uprising of 18 July failed to triumph in Valencia. For some months there was a revolutionary atmosphere, gradually neutralised by the government.
The inevitable march to civil war and the combat in Madrid resulted in the removal of the capital of the Republic to Valencia. On 6 November 1936 the city became the capital of Republican Spain under the control of the prime minister Manuel Azana; the government moved to the Palau de Benicarló, its ministries occupying various other buildings. The city was heavily bombarded by air and sea, necessitating the construction of over two hundred bomb shelters to protect the population. On 13 January 1937 the city was first shelled by a vessel of the Fascist Italian Navy, which was blockading the port by the order of Benito Mussolini. The bombardment intensified and inflicted massive destruction on several occasions; by the end of the war the city had survived 442 bombardments, leaving 2,831 dead and 847 wounded, although it is estimated that the death toll was higher, as the data given are those recognised by Francisco Franco's government. The Republican government passed to Juan Negrín on 17 May 1937 and on 31 October of that year moved to Barcelona. On 30 March 1939 Valencia surrendered and the Nationalist troops entered the city. The postwar years were a time of hardship for Valencians. During Franco's regime speaking or teaching Valencian was prohibited; in a significant reversal it is now compulsory for every schoolchild in Valencia.
The dictatorship of Franco forbade political parties and began a harsh ideological and cultural repression countenanced and sometimes even led by the Church. The financial markets were destabilised, causing a severe economic crisis that led to rationing. A black market in rationed goods existed for over a decade. The Francoist administrations of Valencia silenced publicity of the catastrophic consequences of the floods of 1949 with the attendant dozens of deaths, but could not do the same after the even more tragic flood of 1957 when the river Turia overflowed its banks again, killing many Valencians (officially, eighty-one died; the actual figure is not known). To prevent further disasters, the river was eventually diverted to a new course. The old river bed was abandoned for years, and successive Francoist mayors proposed making it a motorway, but that option was finally rejected with the advent of democracy and fervent neighbourhood protests. The river was divided in two at the western city limits (Plan Sur de Valencia), and diverted southwards along a new course that skirts the city, before meeting the Mediterranean. The old course of the river continues, dry, through the city centre, almost to the sea. The old riverbed is now a verdant sunken park called the 'Garden of the Turia' (Jardí del Túria or Jardín del Turia) that allows cyclists and pedestrians to traverse much of the city without the use of roads; overhead bridges carry motor traffic across the park.
The economy began to recover in the early 1960s, and the city experienced explosive population growth through immigration spurred by the jobs created with the implementation of major urban projects and infrastructure improvements. With the advent of democracy in Spain, the ancient kingdom of Valencia was established as a new autonomous entity, the Valencian Community, the Statute of Autonomy of 1982 designating Valencia as its capital. On the night of 23 February 1981, shortly after Antonio Tejero had stormed Congress, the Captain General of the Third Military Region, Jaime Milans del Bosch, rose up in Valencia, put tanks on the streets, declared a state of emergency and tried to convince other senior military figures to support the coup. After the televised message of King Juan Carlos I, those in the military who had not yet aligned themselves decided to remain loyal to the government, and the coup failed. Despite this lack of support, Milans del Bosch only surrendered at 5 a.m. on the next day, 24 February.
Valencia has experienced a surge in its cultural development during the last thirty years, exemplified by exhibitions and performances at such iconic institutions as thePalau de la Música, the Palacio de Congresos, the Metro, the City of Arts and Sciences (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències), the Valencian Museum of Enlightenment and Modernity(Museo Valenciano de la Ilustracion y la Modernidad), and the Institute of Modern Art (Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno). The various productions of Santiago Calatrava, a renowned structural engineer, architect, and sculptor and of the architect Félix Candela have contributed to Valencia's international reputation. These public works and the ongoing rehabilitation of the Old City (Ciutat Vella) have helped improve the city's livability and tourism is continually increasing.
The Valencia Metro derailment occurred on 3 July 2006 at 1 pm. CEST (1100 UTC) between Jesús and Plaça d'Espanya stations on Line 1 of the Metrovalencia mass transit system. 43 people were killed and more than ten were seriously injured. It was not immediately clear what caused the crash. Both the Valencian government spokesman Vicente Rambla and Mayor Rita Barberá called the accident a "fortuitous" event. However, the trade union CC.OO. accused the authorities of "rushing" to say anything but admit that Line 1 is in a state of "constant deterioration" with a "failure to carry out maintenance".
In March 2012, the newspaper El Mundo published a story according to which FGV had instructed employees who were to testify at the crash commission investigation, providing a set of possible questions and guidelines to prepare the answers. In April 2013, the television program Salvados questioned the official version of the incident as there were indications that the Valencian Government had tried to downplay the accident, which coincided with the visit of the pope to Valencia, or even to hide evidence, as the book of train breakdowns was never found. The day after the broadcast of this report, which received extensive media coverage, several voices called for the reopening of the investigation. The investigation was effectively reopened and the accident is currently under re-examination.
On 9 July 2006, during Mass at Valencia's Cathedral, Our Lady of the Forsaken Basilica, Pope Benedict XVI used, at the World Day of Families, the Santo Caliz, a 1st-century Middle-Eastern artifact that some Catholics believe is the Holy Grail. It was supposedly brought to that church by Emperor Valerian in the 3rd century, after having been brought by St. Peter to Rome from Jerusalem. The Santo Caliz (Holy Chalice) is a simple, small stone cup. Its base was added in Medieval Times and consists of fine gold, alabaster and gem stones.
Valencia was selected in 2003 to host the historic America's Cup yacht race, the first European city ever to do so. The America's Cup matches took place from April to July 2007. On 3 July 2007, Alinghi defeated Team New Zealand to retain the America's Cup. Twenty-two days later, on 25 July 2007, the leaders of the Alinghi syndicate, holder of the America's Cup, officially announced that Valencia would be the host city for the 33rd America's Cup, held in June 2009.
In the Valencia City Council elections from 1991 to 2015 the City Council was governed by the People's Party of Spain (Partido Popular) (PP) and Mayor Rita Barberá Nolla who became mayor by a pact made with the Valencian Union. She was a member of the National Council of the People's Party and a Representative in the Valencian regional Parliament(Corts Valencianes). She turned down an offer to become a national deputy at the 2008 Spanish General Election. At the 2015 election a leftist coalition headed by new mayor Joan Ribó of Coalició Compromís
- Summer — Like most European countries, August is a slow month as many of the residents are on vacation. At this time of year Valencia is very hot and humid with temperatures averaging between 30-35°C (86—95°F) by day and 20-25°C (68—77°F) by night.
- Fall — September and October are more active months and the weather permits beach outings. Important events take place during this season.
- Winter — Though temperatures are still relatively mild, it's too cold to sunbathe at the beach. It's not unusual though the occasional days reaching around 20°C (68°F) in the middle of this season. Sidewalk cafes use to work all the year.
- Spring — A lovely time to visit. The annual "Fallas de San José"unofficially marks the beginning of spring. Cafes and restaurants open their terraces and life spills out onto the street once again.
Climate data for Valencia
|Average high °C (°F)||16.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||7.1|
|Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología|
Valencia stands on the banks of the Turia River, located on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia. At its founding by the Romans, it stood on a river island in the Turia, 6.4 km (4 mi) from the sea. The Albufera, a freshwater lagoon and estuary about 11 km (7 mi) south of the city, is one of the largest lakes in Spain. The City Council bought the lake from the Crown of Spain for 1,072,980 pesetas in 1911, and today it forms the main portion of the Parc Natural de l'Albufera (Albufera Nature Reserve), with a surface area of 21,120 hectares (52,200 acres). In 1986, because of its cultural, historical, and ecological value, the Generalitat Valencianadeclared it a natural park.
Valencia enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade, much of it spurred by tourism and the construction industry, with concurrent development and expansion of telecommunications and transport. The city's economy is service-oriented, as nearly 84% of the working population is employed in service sector occupations . However, the city still maintains an important industrial base, with 5.5% of the population employed in this sector. Agricultural activities are still carried on in the municipality, even though of relatively minor importance with only 1.9% of the working population and 3973 hectares planted mostly in orchards and citrus groves.
Since the onset of the crisis (2008), Valencia has been among the Spanish regions most affected by it and has not been able to slow down a growing unemployment rate, growing government debt, etc. Severe spending cuts have been introduced by the city authorities.
In 2009, Valencia was the 29th fastest improving European city. Its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science and the arts contributes to its status as one of the world's "Gamma"-rank global cities.
The large factory of Ford Motor Company lies in a suburb of the city,Almussafes.
The Valencia metropolitan area had a GDP amounting to $52.7 billion, and $28,141 per capita.
Valencia's port is the biggest on the Mediterranean western coast, the first of Spain in container traffic as of 2008 and the second of Spain in total traffic, handling 20% of Spain's exports. The main exports are foodstuffs and beverages. Other exports include oranges, furniture, ceramic tiles, fans, textiles and iron products. Valencia's manufacturing sector focuses on metallurgy, chemicals, textiles, shipbuilding and brewing. Small and medium-sized industries are an important part of the local economy, and before the current crisis unemployment was lower than the Spanish average.
Valencia's port underwent radical changes to accommodate the 32nd America's Cup in 2007. It was divided into two parts—one was unchanged while the other section was modified for the America's Cup festivities. The two sections remain divided by a wall that projects far into the water to maintain clean water for the America's Cup side.
- Ciutat Vella: La Seu, La Xerea, El Carmen, El Pilar, El Mercado, San Francisco.
- Eixample: Russafa, El Pla del Remei, Gran Via.
- Extramurs: El Botànic, La Roqueta, La Pechina, Arrancapins.
- Campanar: Campanar, Les Tendetes, El Calvari, Sant Pau.
- La Saïdia: Marxalenes, Morvedre, Trinitat, Tormos, Sant Antoni.
- Pla del Real: Exposició, Mestalla, Jaume Roig, Ciutat Universitària
- Olivereta: Nou Moles, Soternes, Tres Forques, La Fontsanta, La Luz.
- Patraix: Patraix, Sant Isidre, Vara de Quart, Safranar, Favara.
- Jesús: La Raiosa, L'Hort de Senabre, The Covered Cross, Saint Marcelino, Real Way.
- Quatre Carreres: Montolivet, En Corts, Malilla, La Font de Sant Lluís, Na Rovella, La Punta, Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències.
- Poblats Marítims: El Grau, El Cabanyal, El Canyameral, La Malva-Rosa, Beteró, Nazaret.
- Camins del Grau: Aiora, Albors, Creu del Grau, Camí Fondo, Penya-Roja.
- Algiròs: Illa Perduda, Ciutat Jardí, Amistat, Vega Baixa, la Carrasca.
- Benimaclet: Benimaclet, Camí de Vera.
- Rascanya: Orriols, Torrefiel, Sant Llorenç.
- Benicalap: Benicalap, Ciutat Fallera.
- Pobles del Nord: Benifaraig, Poble Nou, Carpesa, Cases de Bàrcena, Mauella, Massarrojos, Borbotó.
- Pobles de l'Oest: Benimàmet, Beniferri.
- Pobles del Sud: Forn d'Alcedo, Castellar-l'Oliveral, Pinedo, el Saler, el Palmar, el Perellonet, la Torre,
Internet terminals for 2 Euros/hour can be found at the main tourist information on the east side of the Plaza de la Reina in front of the cathedral, and at the cyber cafe in the Calle de Cerrajeros. 1 Euro/hour in the Chinese places in Calle de Pelayo, west of the train station. McDonalds on the Plaza de la Reina as well as many other restaurants and cafes offer free WiFi.
Prices in Valencia
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.80|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€4.00|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€21.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€35.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€6.90|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€2.00|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€2.00|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€7.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€11.00|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.18|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€5.00|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€1.25|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€68.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€26.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€69.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€1.50|
45 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
149 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Valencia Airport (IATA: VLC) is 9 km from the city center. The bus to Túria station departs every 30 minutes and takes about 30–40 minutes. Subway goes directly to the town centre and links the Airport to the main train station, Estación del Norte (beside Xàtiva metro stop), running every 8 minutes and taking about 20 minutes.
A taxi ride from the airport to Calle de La Paz, which is in the heart of the historic city centre and covering a distance of approximately 11 km costs around €20-23 with an additional 'airport supplement' of around €5. The tarifs are on display in the taxi in Valencian, Spanish and English but are difficult to see. The same journey back from Calle de La Paz to the airport half the price! These fees are accurate as of January 2015.
Check for taxi rank location at Valencia airport. Pre-book a taxi by calling to a radio taxi company: Taxco: +34 902 024 972 Radio Taxi Manises: +34 961 521 155 Radio Taxi Valencia: +34963 703 333 Taxis de Valencia: +34 961 119 977 Taxi Valencia: +34 644 015 655 or book online at BookTaxiValencia website
Valencia is served by Iberia, Spanair, Lufthansa, AirFrance, AirBerlin, TuiFly, Ryanair, Transavia, Vueling, SWISS, and several other airlines.
Valencia is connected with Madrid by high-speed trains, that run over the Madrid–Levante high-speed rail line. The journey takes approximately 1 hour 35 minutes. Other major cities, such as Barcelona, are connected with Valencia by Euromed, Alaris, or Talgo trains. The journey to Barcelona takes approximately 3 hours.
The main train station, Estació de València Nord (Estación del Norte / North Station), is in the center of the city, next to Plaza de Toros and near the Town Hall (Ayunamiento). The building itself is a well-preserved modernist structure from 1917. Facilities include a tourist information office, storage lockers, several cafés, and a car rental office.
High-speed and Euromed trains arrive at the Estació de València-Joaquim Sorolla (Estación de Valencia-Joaquín Sorolla / Joaquín Sorolla Station), 800 metres away from the main station. Facilities at this station include storage lockers, a café, and car rental office.
The national train company is Renfe. Tickets can be booked online on their website, where significant discounts ('Web' and 'Estrella' fares) are available for early bookings.
Estació d'Autobusos de València (Estación de Autobuses de Valencia / Valencia Bus Station), Avinguda de Menéndez Pidal, 11 (Túria metro), . A dozen bus companies operate here, with arrivals from almost every big city in Spain and most cities in the Valencia region. Ticket offices are located on the upper floor, as are a café and information booth.
Port de Valencia (Puerto de Valencia / Port of Valencia).
- Baleària, Estación Marítima, Moll de la Túria, , e-mail: (call centre), (customer service)[email protected]. M-F 10:00-14:00 16:30-22:15, Sa 18:30-19:30, Su 18:00-23:30. Operates daily ferries to/from Ibiza (5 hrs, €49) and to/from Palma de Mallorca (7½ hrs, €55). Snacks are available at the terminal, as well as a taxi stand and free Wi-Fi.
- Trasmediterranea, Moll de Ponent, s/n, , e-mail: [email protected]. Operates daily ferries to/from Ibiza (6½ hrs, €64) and Palma de Mallorca (8 hrs, €50), and weekly ferries to/from Mahón (15 hrs, €78). The terminal has a restaurant, free Wi-Fi, and a taxi stand.
Transportation - Get Around
Aside from going to the beach and the City of Arts and Sciences, exploring the hub of the city requires no public transportation. Much of this city can be done walking, stopping for a coffee or a beer, and then walking more, all very leisurely. It's not necessary to have the mindset of mastering a complex public transportation system. However, for longer trips, see below for some pointers.
By public transportation
Travellers visiting for a short period may want to consider purchasing a Valencia Tourist Card, a one-, two- or three-day pass which allows for unlimited travel on all metro and bus lines, including to/from the airport, over a period of 24 hours (€15), 48 hours (€20), or 72 hours (€25). The card also includes free admission to public museums and monuments, discounted admission for other tourist attractions, and additional discounts at some shops and restaurants. The card can be purchased at any tourist office, including at the airport, or purchased online for a discount and picked up on arrival at a tourist office.
For travellers staying longer than three days, a rechargeable Bono transbordo card, valid for both metro and bus travel, provides a flexible means of getting around. The card allows for ten journeys, which include all transfers begun within an hour of commencing your journey. These cards are sold in ticket offices in metro stations, and as of late 2015 cost €9. There is an additional one-time €2 fee for the chip and plastic card. The cards can be recharged at any metro ticket machine.
The EMT (bus) website has a very helpful route-planner, useful for planning journeys not only by bus but also by metro, bicycle, and Valenbisi .
The Metro Valencia consists of nine lines (three of which are tramlines) and connects the suburbs with the city. Maps and timetables can be downloaded here. As of 2016, the one-way fare for a single zone is €1.50. The ticket itself costs an additional €1 and contains a rechargeable chip. This metro system is not extensive, but can get you to major points within the city. Make sure you keep your ticket as you must beep yourself out as well. If you want to take the tram, you have to buy a ticket from the machine, then validate it, before you get on.
If you use the metro a lot, you should consider getting a Bonometro, a rechargeable chip card, available at ticket machines in metro stations, which allows for ten rides and as of late 2016 costs €7.20. There is an additional one-time €1 fee for the chip and cardboad ticket.
Standard bicycles are permitted during the workweek only on portions of the network which operate above ground. On Saturday, Sunday and holidays they are permitted throughout, while folding bicycles may be transported at any time. No bicycles are permitted at all during Fallas and the night of San Juan. Pets in carriers and guide/personal assistance dogs are also permitted.
EMT runs buses to virtually every part of the city, both day and night. A single ticket costs €1.50 (no transfers), payable to the bus driver on entry. For frequent travellers, a more price-effective option is to purchase a rechargeable Bonobús card, available in kiosks and tobacco shops, which will allow you ten rides for €8 (as of late 2015). There is an additional one-time €1 fee for the chip and cardboad ticket. These cards can be recharged at kiosks or online.
For travellers with smartphones, there is a very helpful official EMT app (iPhone and Android), which has a route planner as well as a QRT reader.
Most bus stops now have digital displays listing the arrival times for the next bus. At those stops lacking the digital display it is still easy to find out the next arrival times, by using either a QRT reader (like the one built into the EMT app), or by sending a SMS with the unique number of the bus stop to a number displayed next to the posted route plan.
In the city, especially the centre, having a car is more of an impediment than an advantage, and visitors may well find it easier to simply park it and walk.
Valencia is essentially flat, and cycling has become a popular way for visitors to get around. The city has established a comprehensive network of dedicated bicycle paths and lanes, and the Turia river park very conveniently cuts across the city, making it possible to get from one end to the other with minimal time in traffic. Drivers are now accustomed to interacting with cyclists in traffic, although pedestrians still occasionally wander into bike paths. Riding on sidewalks without demarcated bicycle paths is technically not permitted, but this is not enforced. At night lights are required, and a helmet and reflective vest are recommended. A bicycle route map can be downloaded here.
Since 2010 the city has operated Valenbisi, a popular bicycle sharing program, with 275 stations distributed throughout the city. No reservation is necessary – once you have a Valenbisi card, simply go to the interactive station terminal, follow the instructions in Valencian/Spanish/English, and choose a bicycle. You can return the bicycle to the same or any other station with available docks.
A short-term subscription costs €13.04 and gives you access to unlimited use of the bikes for 7 days; the first half-hour of any journey is free, then €1.04 is charged for the first two additional half-hours, with €3.12 charged for every additional hour. However, if you park the bicycle in an available dock before the first half-hour is up, you can take out a new bicycle and reset the clock for no additional fees.
Weekly cards can be purchased at any station terminal with a credit card. For periods longer than one week, an annual subscription is necessary and costs €27.12, with reduced tariffs for each additional half-hour. These cards must be purchased online and are sent by mail; however it is possible to bypass this hassle and attach your Valenbisi subscription to a valid Bono transbordo card (a combination bus/metro card) – see the website for details.
There are also a number of bicycle rental shops in town, with most charging around €10-15 a day, depending on season.
- DoYouBike, Calle del Mar, 14 (near the cathedral), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 09:45-14:00, 17:00-20:15. Rents bikes at relatively reasonable prices. €2/hour, or €9/day during the week, €12/day on weekends, helmet and pump €1.
- DoYouBike, Calle de la Sangre, 9 (near the ayuntamiento),. Daily 09:45-14:00, 17:00-20:15.
- DoYouBike, Avda del Puerto, 141 (near the City of Arts and Sciences), . Daily 09:45-14:00, 17:00-20:15.
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There are two city beaches, and several major beaches outside of Valencia.
Platja del Les Arenes (Platja del Cabanyal / Playa de las Arenas), just north of the port, has a pleasant promenade with a number of traditional (and expensive) restaurants, bars, and ice cream shops. The more northern Platja de Malvarrosa begins where the promenade ends, and is the setting for volleyball tournaments, kite festivals, and windsurfing. In the summer both beaches have lifeguards and first aid stations, toilets, and snack vendors, and are very crowded especially in the afternoons. To get there, take the metro or tram to Eugenia Vines or Arenas station, or take the metro to Maritim Serreria and continue with the tram toNeptu (all on one ticket).
To the north of and immediately adjoining Malvarossa is Platja de la Patacona (Playa de la Patacona), which, although technically part of the municipality of Alboraya, is easily accessible from Valencia by public transport or foot. This beach is somewhat less crowded, and is also a good place to sample horchata, as Alboraya is a major producer of chufa, a key ingredient of the drink.
The beaches south of Valencia port are all part of Albufera. Platja d'El Saler (Playa El Saler) is the nicest and best developed beach. Platja de la Devesa (Playa de la Devesa) is undeveloped and has nice surroundings as well as a nudist section. Platja de Pinedo (Playa de Pinedo) is the closest to Valencia and also has a nudist section.
To reach these beaches, you can take the EMT Bus 25 from Carrer Navarro Reverter near Plaça Porta de la Mar. This route alternates between two final destinations; if you want to reach any of the beaches south of El Saler, make sure to get on the bus labeled El Perellonet and not El Palmar. These buses run every half-hour 07:00-22:15, and a single journey costs €1.50 (Bonobus and Bono Transbordo cards are accepted). Alternatively, you can take the yellow Metrobus (operated by Autocares Herca) from Gran Vía de les Germanies near the train station, in direction Perelló. The trip takes about 30 minutes; the bus runs hourly 07:55-19:15 with a single journey costing €1.50.
- The area around Plaça del Patriarca (Plaza del Patriarca) is a good place to look for the major national brands like Loewe, LLadró, Louis Vuitton, Dolores, Farrutx, etc.
- Plaça Redona (Plaza Redonda). M-Sa 10:00-20:00, Su and holidays 08:00-14:00 (flea market). Designed by Valencian architect Melchor Escrig Salvador in the mid-19th century, this unique building was constructed around a round plaza, and was noted by Valencian novelist Vicente Blasco Ibáñez in his novel Arroz y Tartana. The building was recently completely renovated and now is home to a number of shops for traditional crafts as well as tapas bars. On Sunday mornings it is home to a flea market.
- Mercat Central (Mercado Central / Central Market), Plaza Ciudad de Brujas, s/n (El Mercat), . M-Sa 07:00-15:00. Located in a newly-restored modernist iron and glass building dating from 1928, this is one of the largest markets in Europe. See how the locals shop for food and buy some fantastic fresh produce, meat, seafood, or olives.
- Mercat del Cabanyal (Mercado del Cabañal / Cabanyal Market), C/ Martí Grajales, 4 (Cabanyal), , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Th 07:00-14:30, F 07:00-20:30, Sa 07:00-14:30. Traditionally one of the better markets in the city for fish, but also has fresh produce and artisanal products. Has free Wi-Fi throughout the building, no registration or password required.
- Mercat de Russafa (Mercado de Russafa), Plaça del Baró de Cortés, 9 (Ruzafa), , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Sa 07:00-15:00. Designed by Julio Bellot Senet and completed in 1957, the market is at the centre of the vibrant Ruzafa neighbourhood. Inside are more than 600 vendors of all types of food products, as well as a bar and café.
- Aqua Multispacio, Carrer de Menorca, 19 (near the City of Arts and Science), , e-mail: [email protected]. Shops: M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su and holidays 11:00-21:00; restaurants: Su-Th 10:00-01:30, F Sa and holidays 10:00-04:00; gym: M-F 07:00-23:00, Sa Su and holidays 08:00-21:00. Along with the usual chain shops and restaurants, this large complex has two hotels, a cinema, a bowling center, and a large gym and pool. Free Wi-Fi is available throughout the building, and a taxi stand is located outside.
- Centro Comercial El Saler, Avda del Professor López Piñero, 16(near the City of Arts and Science), , e-mail:[email protected]. Shops: M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su 11:00-21:00; Carrefour: M-Sa 09:00-22:00, Su 10:00-21:00; restaurants: daily 10:00-24:00. Has a full range of standard international chain stores as well as restaurants and a Carrefour hypermarket. Free Wi-Fi is available throughout the building.
- Centro Comercial Nuevo Centro, Avda Pio XII, 2 (near the bus station), , e-mail: [email protected]. Shops: M-Sa 10:00-22:00, Su and holidays 11:00-21:00; restaurants: daily 09:00-24:00. Has more than 80 shops and restaurants as well as a branch of Corte Inglés. Also has a children's playground, and free Wi-Fi is available throughout the building. A taxi stand is located outside.
- Local paella — There are several versions of this tasteful rice dish: paella valenciana, with meat (chicken and/or rabbit usually), paella de marisco, with fish or seafood, or even paella mixta, with meat and fish at the same time, the least popular among locals. It is very difficult to say which is the 'real' paella, as every person has his/her own version (though no paella that deserves this name contains sausage, ham or meat broth, for instance). If you want to eat an authentic paella, try it at the Malvarrosa beach area; you will find there are several good restaurants. The authentic Valencian paella is made only with fresh ingredients, in a special iron pan and using a fire made with wood (not gas or electricity). Vegetarian paella is calledpaella vegetal or paella de verduras. Authentic paella can be rather dry, it's not a soup and shouldn't look like gumbo. Don't be shy about scraping the caramelized rice from the bottom of the pan, it's delicious!
- Arròs a banda and arròs negre — This rice is black because it contains squid ink. You can find these dishes at the same places as above.
- Fideuà – This paella-like dish, with short noodles and fish, was invented in the Gandía and Denia area (Alicante) and can be usually found in paella restaurants. It deserves a try too.
- All i pebre — All i pebre is made of eel, a snake like fish typical from the Albufera, a lagoon near Valencia. You can drive to El Palmar and taste it there. Delicious, but a very special taste. You can find good paella, and other traditional dishes at the restaurants here too.
- Llet merengada — A kind of milk-based soft ice cream with a cinnamon-lemon taste.
- Bunyols — Fried doughnuts, sometimes round shaped, sometimes like rings. Widely available only during March during the Fallas celebration. Dip them in hot chocolate. Sometimes they are too oily, so don't eat a lot of them or you will not be hungry again for several hours. If you can choose the carabasa (pumpkin) version, you should try it. They are generally tastier.
- Andalus Dolç, Carrer de Yecla, 16, . M-Th 11:00-24:00, F Sa 11:00-00:30, Su 10:00-24:00. This restaurant-coffeeshop is a favorite with the local Moroccan community and serves a range of traditional Moroccan dishes, some of them vegetarian. It also has an excellent onsite bakery. €9.50 set menu.
- Casa Paquito, Carrer de Quart, 10 (El Carme), . Tu-Su 09:00-23:00. This family-run restaurant serves classic, affordable home-style Valencian dishes in a comfortable setting. Very popular with locals.€12 set menu.
- Central Bar, Plaza Ciudad de Brujas, s/n (by Puerta 3 in the Mercat Central), . M-Sa 06:30-15:30. One of a trio of restaurants owned and operated by famed Valencian chef Ricard Camarena, this tapas bar is a good place to sample his food without breaking the bank. The menu changes daily depending on what's available in the market. Reservations are not accepted, so if you plan to visit for lunch be prepared to wait awhile for a seat.Tapas €4-9.
- Cerveceria Alhambra, Carrer de Calixt III, 8 (Extramurs), . M-F 07:00-18:30; closed for the month of August. This small sidewalk eatery is known throughout the city for its excellent tortillas de patatas in a number of flavours, many of them vegetarian. Tortillas can be eaten either with a fork (pincho) or in a sandwich (bocadillo). Meatballs (albondigas) are also served here, but the real draw is the tortillas. €5 for tortilla and drink.
- Hostería El Vizio, C/ d'Eugènia Viñes, 105 (Marítims-Cabanyal), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 09:00-01:00.Situated one block away from the beach (and without the view), this restaurant serves better food for much more reasonable prices than those places along the beach. The specialty here is pizza; the tapas and sandwiches are equally tasty. Pizzas €5-7, tapas €1-5.
- Kiosco La Pérgola, Paseo de la Alameda, 1, .M-Sa 07:00-17:00; closed for the month of August. This is a very popular lunch spot for delicious and cheap bocadillos. Their signature bocadillo is the Super Bombon, piled high with steak, jamón, lettuce, dressing, and french fries. The Bombon, which omits the french fries, is a slightly lighter version. Getting a table requires some patience, or reservations. Drink + bocadillo €3-4.
- La Lluna (vegetarian), C/ de Sant Ramon, 23 (Barrio del Carmen), . M-Sa 09:00-16:30, 20:00-24:00. Lunch menu €8-11.
- La Pascuala, Carrer d'Eugenia Viñes, 177 (Cabanyal), . M-Sa 09:00-15:30. This is a very popular place for almuerzo (late breakfast / early lunch), and is especially known for its very large bocadillos. No reservations are accepted, but it's worth the wait for a table. €5 for bocadillo and drink.
- Mercat de Colom (Mercado de Colón), Carrer de Jorge Juan, 19(El Pla del Remei), . Built in 1916 as a marketplace, this excellent example of modernist architecture now houses a number of cafés and tapas bars. Every Sunday at noon there are free classical music concerts.
- Portland Ale House, C/ de Salamanca, 10 (Gran Via), . Daily 19:00-02:00. Owned and operated by an American from Portland, Oregon, this place serves classic American bar food and burgers, along with a good range of local beers. For those looking to improve their Spanish (or English) there is an intercambio (language exchange) open to all Wednesday evenings beginning at 20:30.
- Taberna El Olivo, Carrer del Pintor Fillol, 1 (El Carme), . Daily 12:00-01:00. This is a very popular, informal Andalusian-style tapas bar, in a pleasant plaza right by one of the few trees in the barrio. The tapas portions are large. Tapas €4-7.50.
- Tasca Ángel, C/ Purisima, 1 (behind the Llotja), . M-Sa 10:30-15:00 19:30-23:30. This tiny but very popular tapas bar is known for its sardinas (grilled sardines), served with garlic infused olive oil and white bread. Other specialties include champiñones a la plancha(grilled mushrooms) and gambas al ajillo (garlic prawns). The place only has a handful of tables with additional seating at the bar, and tends to get very packed after 21:00.
- Alquería del Pou, Entrada Rico, 6 (southern outskirts, near Centre Comercial El Saler and the City of Arts and Sciences), . Daily 13:00-17:00; closed every Su in Aug. A favourite with locals, this hidden gem specialises in all types of traditional Valencian rice dishes and seafood, served in a garden setting. Mains €12-20.
- Bodega La Rentaora, Plaça del Mossén Sorell, 11, .M-F 20:00-01:00, Sa Su 12:00-17:00 20:00-01:00. Serves simple, creative and high-quality tapas, along with a full range of drinks. €7-10 tapa + drink.
- Café Infanta, Plaça del Tossal, 3 (El Carme), . Daily 17:00-02:30. Bar and cafe with outdoor seating, decorated with Hollywood memorabilia. Watch and absorb the spirit of the neighborhood.Mains €11-20.
- Canalla Bistro, Carrer del Mestre Josep Serrano, 5 (Ruzafa), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 13:30-15:30, 20:30-23:30. This is the second of a trio of restaurants owned by star Valencian chef Ricard Camarena, with an eclectic menu that varies seasonally. Reservations can be made online.
- El Poblet Restaurante, C/ Correos, 8 (1st floor, above Vuelve Carolina), , e-mail:[email protected]. M 13:30-15:30 20:30-22:30, Tu 13:30-15:30, W-Sa 13:30-15:30 20:30-22:30. Operated by star chef Quique Dacosta, the restaurant serves his most famous dishes from his eponymous three-starred Michelin restaurant in Dénia, but without the sky-high prices. This restaurant was awarded its own Michelin star in 2013. Reservations can be made online. Mains €21.
- La Tastaolletes (Vegetarian), Calle de Salvador Giner, 6 (El Carme), . Tu-Sa 14:00-16:00 21:00-24:00, Su 14:00-16:00.
- Restaurante Balansiya, Passeig de les Facultats, 3, . Daily 13:30-17:00, 20:30-24:00. A highly-regarded Moroccan restaurant which has been reviewed in the New York Times and has an extensive menu. Reservations can be made online. Set menu €10-12, tasting menu €20-30.
- Restaurante Montes, Plaça del Bisbe Amigó, 5 (Arrancapin), , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu 13:30-16:00, W-Sa 13:00-16:00 21:00-23:00, Su 13:30-16:00. This very popular restaurant offers traditional Valencian dishes in a relaxed and friendly setting. The arroz meloso is especially highly regarded. Reservations recommended. Set menu €14-18.
- Taberna Comer Beber Amar, Passeig de l'Albereda, 38, , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 12:00-24:00.Serves paella, fideuà, and meat and seafood. Does not serve tapas, but does have a good wine selection. Set menu €24.
- Bodega Casa Montaña, Calle José Benlliure, 69 (Poblats Marítims), , e-mail:[email protected]. M-F 13:00-16:00 20:00-23:30, Sa 12:30-16:00 20:00-23:30, Su and holidays 12:30-16:00. Established in 1836, this is the oldest tapas bar in Valencia. All classic dishes here are prepared with locally-sourced ingredients, accompanied by an enormous selection of wines. The setting is informal and friendly. Reservations are recommended and can be made online. €27 for a set menu.
- La Pepica, Paseo Neptuno, 6 (Poblats Marítims), . M-Sa 13:00-16:00 20:30-21:00, Su 13:00-16:00.Known for paella, this family-run restaurant has been open since 1898, and has served the likes of Ernest Hemingway as well as contemporary and modern celebrities. Reservations are recommended especially on weekends, and can be made online.
- Restaurante Lienzo (Lienzo Gastrotapas), Plaça de Tetuán, 18, , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 13:30-16:00 20:30-23:00, Su 13:30-16:00. This modern, creative avant garde restaurant is operated by chef Maria José Martinez, who formerly worked for Michelin-starred chef Quique Dacosta. Lunch set menu €20 (drink included), gastrotapas menu €30, tasting menu €60 (wine extra).
- Restaurante La Principal, Carrer de Polo y Peyrolón, 5(Mestalla), . M-Sa 13:30-15:30 20:30-23:30; closed for the month of August. The very popular restaurant is known primarily for traditional Valencian rice dishes, and is also a great place for tapas with a very good wine list and excellent service. It's especially busy at lunchtime – reservations recommended. Set menu €31-56.
- Restaurante La Salita, C/ Séneca, 12 (corner of Carrer Yecla), , e-mail: lasalitares[email protected]. M-Sa 14:00-15:30, 21:00-22:30. Established nine years ago, the restaurant became famous when master chef Begoña Rodrigo won the first edition of Top Chef España in 2013. Reservations can be made by email or online.Tasting menu €60+, wine extra.
- Restaurante Vertical, Carrer de Luis García-Berlanga Martí, 19(top floor of Confortel Aqua 4), , e-mail:[email protected]. Daily 13:30-15:30 20:30-23:30.Operated by chef Jorge de Andrés, this Michelin-starred restaurant serves innovative updates of traditional Valencian cuisine, in a setting with some of the best views of the city. Reservations can be made online; free parking (3 hrs) available in Centro Comercial Aqua. Lunch set menu €55, dinner set menu €70; drinks extra.
- Rías Gallegas, Carrer de Ciril Amorós, 4 (El Pla del Remei), . Tu-Sa 12:00-14:30 18:30-22:30, Su-M 12:00-14:30.Serves traditional cuisine from Galicia. Set menu €35.
- Ricard Camarena Restaurant, C/ Sumsi, 4 (Ruzafa), , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 13:30-15:30, 20:30-22:30. Ricard Camarena's flagship restaurant earned him his third Michelin star in 2012, just three months after opening. Dishes are wildly creative, and guests have a good view of the kitchen to watch the master in action. Reservations can be made by email or online. Tasting menu €75-105, wine extra.
- RiFF, Calle Conde de Altea, 18 (Gran Via), , e-mail: ,[email protected]. Tu-Sa 13:30-15:30 20:30-23:00. Internationally-renowned chef and owner Bernd Knöller earned a Michelin star in 2009. Reservations can be made by phone or online. Occasional classes and cooking workshops are also offered. Tasting menu €49-65, wine extra.
Coffe & Drink
Traditional regional drinks
- Agua de Valencia — Valencia water is a very famous mixed drink. There are several recipes, mainly based on a mix of orange juice and Cava, the local sparkling wine.
- Orxata — A drink made from tigernut, xufa in Valencian orchufa in Spanish. Being cold and sweet, it is specially popular during the summer months. In Spanish it is called 'horchata' and it can be found in 'horchaterias' or 'orxateries', but also in most of the cafes and bars. When ordering a horchata, you will most probably be asked whether you would like to have a 'farton', a small pastry for being dipped in horchata, as well.
- Cibada — An iced malt drink.
- Llima granizada — Iced lemonade.
- Café del temps — Espresso on ice with lemon.
- Blanc i negre — Iced coffee with leche merengada.
- Calimocho - A popular drink, originating in the Basque Country, made with red wine and cola mixed.
Wine lovers may want to explore the wineries of the Valencia wine region, including Bodega El Angosto, Bodegas Los Frailes, and Bodegas Murviedro.
Cafés and horchaterias
- Horchatería Daniel, Avda l´Orchata, 41 (Alboraia/Alboraya; metro line 3), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 10:00-24:00.Established in 1949, this is the largest and most well-known horchatería in Alboraia (Spanish:Alboraya), a small agricultural town on the outskirts of Valencia whose primary crop is tiger nuts (chufa), the key ingredient in horchata. There is a second branch in the Mercat de Colóm (listed under 'Eat').
- Horchatería Els Sariers, Carrer Sarcet, 6 (Benimaclet), . M-Th 16:00-22:00, F Sa 11:00-02:30, Su 11:00-23:30. A very large and popular horchatería with artisanal fartóns. Takeaway available.
- Horchatería Santa Catalina, Plaça de Santa Caterina, 6, . Daily 08:00-21:30. The oldest horchatería in Valencia, this classic place serves not only horchata with fartons, but hot chocolate, churros, and ice cream. The interior has a cafeteria atmosphere, and is ornamented with Valencian tiles.
- Café de las Horas, C/ del Conde de Almodóvar, 1, . M-Sa 10:00-02:00, Su 11:00-02:00. This popular café-bar is a good spot for coffee or cocktails with light snacks, in a Baroque-styled interior with eclectic music.
- Café Lisboa, Plaça del Doctor Collado, 9 (around the corner from the Lonja), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily 10:00-01:00. Located in a charming square which was once the site of Valencia's Lonja del Aceite, or olive oil market. The primary draw is the expansive terrace seating by an olive tree, making this is a good spot for people-watching with a coffee or cocktail.
- Café Negrito, Plaça del Negret, 1 (El Carme), .Daily 16:00-03:30. Relaxed cafe with outdoor seating.
Sights & Landmarks
Monuments and architecture
- Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències (Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias / City of Arts and Science), Av Autopista del Saler, 5(take a city bus from the train station or the metro to Alameda station), . Call Centre: M-F 09:00-20:00, Sa 10:00-20:00, Su 10:00-15:00.Located on the former Turia riverbed, this ultra-modern architectural complex was designed by Valencian architect Santiago Calatrava and Spanish-Mexican architect Félix Candela. For those not wanting to pay the steep admission charges to the individual sights, it is possible to wander around the complex and appreciate the architecture from outside for free. Combined admission for all sights: €36.25 (adults), €30.85 (students), €27.55 (other concessions); valid for 3 days, however the same venue cannot be visited twice. There is a 10% discount for tickets purchased online.
- El Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe (Museo de las Ciencias Príncipe Felipe / Príncipe Felipe Science Museum). Winter M-Th 10:00-18:00, F Sa 10:00-19:00; spring/fall and Christmas season daily 10:00-19:00; summer daily 10:00-21:00. A science museum designed to resemble a whale skeleton, it has interactive exhibits on three floors. €8 (adults), €6.20 (concessions).
- L’Oceanogràfic. Hours vary by season, open daily. The largest oceanarium in Europe, and the second-largest in the world, has seven sections devoted to different ecological zones. The building was designed by Félix Candela to resemble a water lily. Highlights include a dolphinarium, a walk-through shark tunnel, a shark tank (open for public diving), and spherical bird aviary. There are multiple restaurants located on-site, and with so many attractions it’s easy to make this into an all-day affair. €27.90 (adults), €21.00 (concessions).
- L’Umbracle. A botanic garden landscaped with plants native to Valencia. The park also has the Jardí d'Astronomia (Jardín de la Astronomía / Astronomy Garden) and the Passeig de l'Art (Paseo del Arte / Art Promenade), which has permanent and temporary exhibits of large-scale contemporary art, mostly sculpture. Free.
- L'Àgora. A multi-use covered plaza, designed for sporting events, concerts, and special exhibits.
- Pont de l'Assut de l'Or (Puente de l'Assut de l'Or / Assut de l'Or Bridge). The striking cable-stayed bridge designed by Santiago Calatrava and completed in 2008, crosses the dry Túria riverbed. At 125m high, the bridge tower is the highest point in Valencia.
- Catedral de Santa María de València (La Seu / Valencia Cathedral), Plaza Reina, s/n, , e-mail:[email protected]. Nov-Mar M-Sa 10:00-17:30; Apr-Oct M-Sa 10:00-18:30, Su 14:00-18:30; last admission 45 min before closing. Originally the site of a Roman temple, later a Visigothic cathedral, and then a Moorish grand mosque, it is now the seat of the archbishropic of Valencia. The current Gothic structure was begun in 1262 and remodeled numerous times, resulting in a structure with elements from three distinct architectural periods. Especially notable are the Puerta de los Apóstoles from the 14th century, and the Puerta del Palau, the oldest doorway of the cathedral, which is Romanesque with Moorish influences.€5 (adults), €3.50 (concessions).
- Capella del Sant Calze (Capilla del Santo Cáliz / Chapel of the Holy Chalice). The focus of this side chapel is a chalice of agate, believed by the devout to be none other than the Holy Grail. Of the handful of similar chalices with the same claim, this is deemed by many scholars to be the most likely candidate as it has been dated by experts to the first century BCE.
- Micalet (El Miguelete). Daily 10:00-13:00, 16:30-19:00. The unusual octagonal bell tower, with a height of 51m, was built in the 14th and 15th centuries. It provides a pleasing view of the city. €2 (adults), €1.50 (children under 14).
- Cripta arqueològica de la presó de Sant Vicent Màrtir (Cripta Arqueológica de la Cárcel de San Vicente Mártir / Archaeological Crypt of the Prison of San Vicente), Plaza del Arzobispo, 3, .M-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This Visigothic chapel has on display objects discovered during its excavation including a Visigothic altar, Roman mural, Muslim artifacts, and a sculpture of the early Christian Saint Vicente Mártir, who is believed to have been buried here. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Llotja de la Seda (La Lonja de la Seda / Silk Exchange), Calle La Lonja, 2, , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This UNESCO landmark is considered to be one of the most significant secular Gothic buildings in Europe. It was built between 1482 and 1533 on the site of an earlier oil exchange. The Llotja consists of four distinct parts: the Sala de Contractació (Trading Hall), also known as the Saló Columnari (Hall of Columns); the Sala Consulado del Mar with its magnificent ceiling; the unfinished Torre (tower) with its debtor prison (currently closed to visitors), and the Pati dels Tarongers (Patio of Oranges). Additionally, some of the Gothic gargoyles are quite naughty.€2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Plaça de Bous de València (Plaza de Toros de Valencia), Calle Xativa, 28 (next to North Train Station), . A bullring and artistic monument, this is currently used for bull fighting and big shows. The stadium holds 12,884 people, and was built between 1850 and 1860 by Valencian architect Sebastián Monleón Estellés.
- Museu Taurí de València (Museo Taurino de Valencia), Pasaje Doctor Serra, 10, , e-mail:[email protected]. Mar-Aug Tu-Sa 10:00-19:00, Su M 10:00-14:00; Sep-Feb Tu-Sa 10:00-18:00, Su M 10:00-14:00; public holidays 10:00-14:00. Has displays illustrating the development of Valencian bullfighting from the 19th century to the present day. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions).
- Torres de Quart (Porta de Quart), Plaça de Sta Úrsula, 1 (at the end of Calle Quart), , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This pock-marked medieval tower was part of the medieval wall that surrounded the old city. Great views of the city can be had from the top. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Torres de Serrano (Porta de Serrans), Plaça dels Furs, s/n, , e-mail:[email protected]. M-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. Built in 1392, this gate was also part of the ancient wall and for a time also served as a prison. The gate has been massively renovated and somewhat modernized, but is still interesting and located across the street from the park. This tower also offers excellent views. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Almodí (Almudín), Plaça Sant Lluís Bertrán, s/n, , e-mail: [email protected]. M-Sa 09:30-14:00 15:00-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. Constructed in the early 14th century on the site of a Moorish palace, the building is essentially Moorish in design and originally functioned as the municipal granary; its name is derived directly from 'almud' (Arabic: bushel). The building was fully restored in 1996 and is now a venue for temporary art exhibitions. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Banys de l'Almirall (Baños del Almirante / Almirante Muslim Baths), Baños del Almirante, 3-5, , e-mail:[email protected].Tu-Su 11:00-14:00. Although constructed in 1313 after the Christian reconquista, the bathhouse was built in the Arabic style and is considered to be an excellent example of Moorish architecture. It was used continuously as a bathhouse until the 20th century, and is one of the few remaining such structures in Spain. It was fully restored in 2005. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions).
- Drassanes del Grau (Atarazanas del Grao / Royal Shipyards), Plaça Juan Antonio Benlliure, s/n, . Tu-Sa 09:30-14:00 15:00-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. These Gothic shipyards date to the early 14th century, and attained their current layout in 1500. Trade ships were built and repaired here, as well as galleys used for defense against Barbary pirates. Later the building was used as a storehouse for salt, and now functions as a venue for temporary exhibits. Due to the shifting coastline over the centuries, the shipyards are now two blocks inland from the shore. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Palau de Cervelló (Palacio de Cervelló / Cervelló Palace), Plaça de Tetuán, 3, , e-mail: [email protected].Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:30-20:30, Su and holidays 10:00-15:00. Originally the residence of the counts of Cervelló, this 18th-century palace became the official residence for visiting royalty following the demolition of thePalau Reial de València. The building now houses a museum, the Municipal Archive, and the Serrano Morales Library. On the ground floor is an exhibit (in Catalan and Spanish) illustrating the historic events which took place here, and on the upper floor are the grand ballroom and Serrano Morales Library, with original murals and furnishings. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Casa de Sant Vicent Ferrer (Casa Natalicia de San Vicente Ferrer / Home of San Vicente Ferrer), Carrer del Pouet de Sant Vicent, 1, . M-F 11:00-13:00, 17:00-20:00. Sant Vicent Ferrer, the principal patron saint of Valencia, was born in this house in 1350. The house was renovated numerous times, and has a chapel and well as well as 18th-century ceramic tile panels depicting the life of the saint.Free.
Parks and gardens
- Jardí del Túria (Jardines del Turia / Turia Gardens). Daylight hours. After catastrophic flooding in 1957, the Turia River was diverted to the south of the city, and the former river bed was converted into a 7km-long elongated park which spans many neighborhoods, ending at the City of Arts and Sciences. The park encompasses soccer and rugby fields, an artificial boating lake, athletics track, playgrounds, fountains, and cafés. Abundant bicycle paths make it an ideal place to get in a little exercise and sun. Free.
- Parc Gulliver (Parque Gulliver / Gulliver Park), . Sep-Jun daily 10:00-20:00; Jul-Aug daily 10:00-14:00, 17:00-21:00. The centrepiece of this unusual playground is a 70m-long sculpture of Gulliver (from the classic bookGulliver's Travels), who has been tied to the ground. Visitors can climb on and slide down the giant figure, much as Lillupitians might have. The sculpture was designed by Valencian artist and illustrator Sento Llobell. Free.
- Pont de la Trinitat (Puente De La Trinidad / Trinitat Bridge). The oldest bridge in the city, with the current structure dating to the early 16th century. The two 17th-century sculptures of Valencian saints were originally on another nearby medieval bridge, and relocated to this bridge in the mid-20th century.
- Pont de l'Exposició (Puente De La Exposición / Exhibition Bridge). Designed by Santiago Calatrava and built between 1991 and 1995, the bridge resembles a comb, hence the nickname 'La Peineta'.
- Jardí Botànic (Jardín Botánico de Valencia / Botanic Garden of Valencia), Calle Quart, 80, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Nov-Feb 10:00-18:00, Mar Oct 10:00-19:00, Apr Sep 10:00-20:00, May-Aug 10:00-21:00; open daily except 25 Dec, 1 Jan, and during inclement weather. Established in 1802 by the University of Valencia, this lovely garden maintains extensive collections of plants from a number of different habitats. Most of the greenhouses date from the latter half of the 19th century, while the modern research center was completed in 2000. €2.50 (adults), €1.50 (concessions), free (children under 7); €10 (10-visit ticket).
- Jardí de Montfort (Jardín de Monforte / Monforte Garden), Plaza de la Legión Española, s/n (entrance on Carrer de Montfort), . Daily 21 Mar - 20 Sep 10:30-20:00, 21 Sep - 20 Mar 10:30-18:00. This formal Neoclassical garden was designed in the mid-19th century by Valencian architect Don Monleón for the aristocrat Marqués de San Juan. It was declared a 'National Artistic Garden' and is now maintained by the city of Valencia, which opened it to the public in 1973.Free.
- Bioparc Valencia, Av Pío Baroja, 3 (main entrance), , e-mail: [email protected]. Daily, hrs vary by month and season: 10:00-18:00 in winter, 10:00-19:00/20:00 in spring/fall, 10:00-21:00 in summer; detailed hrs available here. As far as zoos go, this is more animal-friendly than most. Focused exclusively on African fauna, the modern zoo has been thoughtfully designed to provide maximum space in natural settings for its residents. A special highlight is the walk-in lemur exhibit (no touching or feeding). €23.80 (adults), €18 (children 4-12), €17.50 (seniors), free (children under 4).
- Jardins del Real (Jardines del Real / Jardín de Viveros / Royal Gardens), San Pío, V, s/n, . Summer: daily 07:30-21:30; winter: M-F 07:30-20:30, Sa Su 07:30-21:30. Originally established by the Moors in the 13th century as gardens for the royal palace (no longer standing), this pleasant and popular park is the second-largest park in Valencia, after the Turia gardens. The park includes a rose garden, sculpture garden, bicycle track, and aviary. During the summer various festivals are held here. Free.
- Museu de Ciències Naturals (Museo de Ciencias Naturales / Museum of Natural Sciences), Av General Elío, s/n, , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Su and holidays 09:30-19:00. The museum is divided into several segments, covering Valencian contributions to the sciences, the ecology of the Valencian region, and of course paleontology with the requisite dinosaur skeletons. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions); free admission on Su and holidays.
- Palau Reial de València (Palacio Real / Royal Palace), Av General Elío, s/n, . First established by the Moors and later rebuilt by Christians, this building served as the royal Valencian residence until its demolition in 1810. It was subsequently forgotten and then rediscovered in 1986. The partially-excavated site is now surrounded by a fence with informative panels in Valencian/Spanish/English. Free.
- The Barri del Carme neighborhood is in the old center. It is the perfect place for a stroll where you can witness the transition from a forgotten area to an up-and-coming diverse neighborhood. Barri del Carme has many outdoor cafes and trendy shops. There is an interesting mix of people, from lifetime residents, to alternative types, hippies, gays and lesbians, and other assorted peoples. The neighborhood swells at night with revelers, but please respect the neighbors who live there.
- Tribunal de les Aigües(Tribunal de las Aguas / Water Tribunal), In front of the cathedral's Puerta de los Apóstoles (SE corner of the Plaça de la Verge), .Every Thursday at noon; it is best to get here no later than 11:30 to secure a good spot. The Huerta, the fertile region surrounding Valencia, has relied on artificial irrigation since antiquity. The tribunal was developed to mediate disputes between farmers, and is believed to date back to Roman times; it has operated in its current form since the Moorish era. The court consists of nine representatives who meet in public and issue judgments on water rights and usage. Proceedings are conducted in Valencian and verdicts are issued orally. Although today the court is largely ceremonial, verdicts are considered legally binding by the highest court in Madrid and by the EU. In 2009 it was listed by UNESCO as an 'intangible cultural heritage'. Free.
- Cementerio General de Valencia (Valencia General Cemetery), C/ Santo Domingo de Guzmán, 27, . M-Sa 09:00-18:00, Su and holidays 09:00-14:00; 23 Oct - 01 Nov daily 09:00-18:00. In use since 1807, the cemetery has some interesting mausoleums and is the final resting place for a number of notable Valencians, including members of the artistic Benlliure family, painter Joaquín Sorolla, and writer Vicente Blasco Ibáñez. For visitors with smartphone there is a helpful app ((iOS and Android; Spanish and Valencian only) which describes walking routes and gives grave locations.Free.
Museums & Galleries
- Centre Arqueològic de l'Almoina (Centro Arqueológico de la Almoina), Plaça Dècim Juni Brut, s/n (behind the cathedral), , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This extensive site was first uncovered in 1985 during preparations for new construction, which was subsequently cancelled. Excavations revealed archeological remains dating from the Moorish, Visigothic, and Roman periods. After completing excavations, the city of Valencia converted the site into an underground museum. Highlights include Roman baths, a Moorish courtyard, and various artifacts. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions); free on Su and public holidays.
- Museu Nacional de Ceràmica (Museo Nacional de Cerámica / National Ceramics Museum), Poeta Querol, 2, , fax:, e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00, Su and holidays 10:00-14:00. This very ornate Baroque palace once served as the residence of the Marqués de Dos Aigües, and is now a museum. The ground and first floors showcase a collection of stagecoaches and period furniture, while the upper two floors house an extensive ceramics collection with a focus on historic Valencian pieces. Of particular note are Moorish ceramic tiles from the main mosque which was located on the site now occupied by the cathedral, as well as six plates designed by Picasso. Photography permitted, no flash.€3 (adults), €1.50 (concessions); free on Sa afternoon and Su, 18 May, 18 Apr, 12 Oct, and 6 Dec.
- Museu d'Història de València (Museo de Historia de Valencia / Museum of Valencian History), Camino Viejo de Chirivella, 1, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. Housed in a former reservoir, this well-designed museum is dedicated to the developmental history of the city, from the Roman era until the present. Although labels are in Valencian and Spanish, booklets with English translations are available at the front desk. Constructed in 1850, the building itself is interesting in its own right as an excellent example of 19th century industrial architecture.€2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and public holidays.
- Centro de Exposición y Museo Lladró (Lladró Museum and Exhibition Centre), Ctra de Alboraya, s/n (take bus 16 from city center to its end at Tavernes Blanques suburb), , toll-free: , e-mail: [email protected]. Sep-Jul M-F 09:30-17:00, Sa 10:00-13:30; Aug M-Sa 10:00-12:30. Here is the Lladró Porcelain factory. Visitation is possibly only through a guided tour, which must be scheduled beforehand, either online or via phone. Tours last about 1½ hours and are conducted in Spanish, English, French, Italian, and Russian. You can visit the factory, observe the process of porcelain making, and at the end see a large collection of Lladro porcelain some worth €30,000. Photos allowed only at the collection. Free.
- Centre Cultural la Beneficència (Centre Valencià de Cultura Mediterrània / Centro Valenciano de Cultura Mediterránea), Calle Corona, 36, , fax: . This 19th-century former hospice was completely refurbished in 1995, and now in addition to hosting two museums it also functions as a cultural center and venue for special exhibits.
- Museu de Prehistòria de València (Museo de Prehistoria de Valencia / Prehistory Museum of Valencia), , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Su 10:00-20:00. This museum is devoted early regional history, with collections from the Paleolithic to the Visigothic periods. A special highlight is the Guerrer de Moixent (Warrior of Moixent), an early Iberian bronze sculpture from the 5th or 4th century BCE. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on weekends and public holidays.
- Museu Valencià d'Etnologia (Museo Valenciano de Etnología / Valencian Museum of Ethnology), , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Su 10:00-20:00. The focus of this museum is on cultural traditions in the Valencian Autonomous Community, with three permanent exhibits focusing on life in the country, in the mountains, and in urban areas. Rotating temporary exhibits examine historic and sociological issues. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on weekends and public holidays.
- Museu dels Soldadets de Plom L'Iber (Museo L'Iber / Tin Soldier Museum), Calle Caballeros, 20-22, , e-mail:[email protected]. Sep-Jun Tu-Su 11:00-14:00, 16:00-19:00; Jul Aug daily 10:00-14:00, 15:00-20:00. Located in an old Gothic palace, this is the world's largest private collection of tin soldiers, numbering about one million pieces. Figures represent periods of Valencian, Spanish, and world history. €5 (adults), €3 (concessions).
- Museo Histórico Militar de Valencia, Carrer del General Gil Dolz, 6, , e-mail: [email protected]. M-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00, Su and holidays 10:00-14:00. Originally built in 1898 for an infantry regiment, the building now houses a collection of over 3,000 objects, most of them from the 19th and 20th centuries.Free.
Art museums and galleries
- Museu de Belles Arts de València (Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia / Museum of Fine Arts of Valencia), Calle San Pío V, 9, , e-mail:[email protected]. M 11:00-17:00, T-Su 10:00-19:00; closed 1 Jan and 25 Dec. This 17th-century former palace now houses over 2,000 pieces of art, with a primary focus on art of the 14th to 17th centuries. Highlights include an excellent collection of medieval altarpieces, a collection of engravings by the Italian artist Piranesi, and a handful of minor works by Velázquez, El Greco, and Goya. Photography permitted, no flash. Free.
- Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM / Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno / Valencian Institute of Modern Art), Guillem de Castro, 118, , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Su 10:00-19:00; closed on 25 Dec and 1 Jan. This museum focuses on Spanish and international modern art and photography, and hosts regular special exhibits, workshops, and lectures. A library, gift shop, and café are located onsite. Photography permitted, no flash. €2 (adults), €1 (students), free (seniors/disabled/unemployed/children under 10); free admission on Sunday.
- Museo del Patriarca, Carrer de la Nau, 1, , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. M-F 10:00, 11:00, 12:00, 12:30, 17:00, 18:00; Sa 11:00, 12:00, 12:30.Managed by the Seminary of Corpus Christi, this museum has a small collection of paintings from the 16th and 17th centuries, with special highlights including works by Juan de Juanes, El Greco, and early Flemish masters. The collection can only be viewed with a tour, offered in a number of European languages; to be sure there is a tour in your language it is best to reserve ahead, either by phone or online. €7 (premium tour including museum, courtyard, church, and chapel), €5 (standard tour including the courtyard, church, and chapel), €4 (museum tour only); €6 (premium tour for concessions and VLC card).
- MuVIM (Museu Valencià de la Il·lustració i de la Modernitat / The Valencia Museum of the Enlightenment and Modernity), Quevedo 10 y Guillem de Castro 8, , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00, Su and holidays 10:00-20:00. The museum is devoted to civics and culture, with special exhibits focused on such topics as graphic design, photography, and cinema. The building and garden were designed by Valencian architect Guillermo Vázquez Consuegra. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions); free on Sa, Su, and public holidays.
- Casa-Museu Benlliure (Casa-Museo Benlliure), Carrer de la Blanqueria, 23 (El Carme), , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Sa 09:30-14:00 15:00-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This was once home to two generations of the Benlliure family, headed by prominent Valencian artist José Benlliure. The early 20th-century residence has been maintained in three distinct sections, including the primary house with original furnishings and artworks, a lovely courtyard and garden, and a second building with a private study and more artworks. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and holidays.
- Centre Cultural Bancaixa (Centro Cultural de Bancaja), Plaça de Tetuán, 23, , fax: . Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 17:00-21:00, Su 10:00-14:00. The former 19th-century residence is now a cultural centre which hosts temporary exhibits of contemporary art and photography, by Valencian, Spanish and international artists. €2, free on Su and public holidays.
- Centre del Carme, Carrer del Museu, 2, , fax:, e-mail: [email protected]. 01 Oct - 14 Jun Tu-Su 11:00-19:00; 15 Jun - 30 Sep Tu-Su 11:00-14:00, 17:00-20:00.The former convent now hosts rotating special exhibits showcasing local history as well as historic and contemporary artists from Valencia and outside the region. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions).
- Fundación Chirivella Soriano (Palau Joan de Valeriola), C/ Valeriola, 13, , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 17:00-20:00, Su 10:00-14:00. This well-preserved 14th-century Gothic palace now contains a permanent collection of contemporary Spanish art, with rotating exhibits. €4 (adults), €2 (concessions).
- Centre Cultural La Nau (Centre Cultural de la Universitat de València), Carrer de la Universitat, 2 (Xerea), , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:00-20:00, Su and holidays 10:00-14:00. Built in 1498, this was once the library and main building for the University of Valencia. Today it is used by the university primarily as a venue for photography and art exhibits, as well as for classical music concerts. Free.
- Galería del Tossal, Plaça del Tossal, s/n (entrance in an above-ground glass structure in the middle of the square), .Tu-Sa 09:30-14:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. This unique underground gallery has been designed around the remains of a city wall from the Moorish period, complete with arches. The gallery is a venue for temporary exhibits of Spanish and international contemporary art. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free (children under 12); free on Su and holidays.
Things to do
One of Spain’s most spectacular fire festivals, Falles (Spanish: Fallas) can be best characterised as a fire-fireworks-gunpowder street party extravaganza. The festival draws up to two million visitors annually, and has been nominated for listing as a UNESCO ‘intangible cultural heritage’.
Its origins date to the Middle Ages when the city’s carpenters burned piles of scraps in the streets and plazas near their workshops on 19 March, the eve of the day of San Josep (San José, or St. Joseph). In the 18th century, it became customary to fashion these piles of junk with papier mache into human figures and sculptures, called ninots(Valencian: dolls), which were assembled to form larger fallas. Eventually these fallas began to take on a satirical nature.
Around 1870, Falles and Carnival were banned. In response to this, a popular movement arose to revive and preserve these traditions, resulting in a competiton in 1885 for the best and most artistic falla. This prompted the development of casal fallers, neighbourhood associations which work year-round raising money and designing their fallas. Today there are over 700 casal fallers which each design an adult falla (falla mayor), and a smaller children’s falla (falla infantil); more than 700 of these fallas are burned on public streets every year. Many fallas reach 25-30m in height – the best of these are in a special categorySección Especiál and compete for the top prize, awarded annually by the City Council.
A secondary feature of Falles are daily fireworks events, including gunpowder demonstrations (mascletás) and large nightly fireworks displays (castillos del fuego). Along with these displays, people set off fireworks all day in the streets, beginning early in the morning and continuing throughout the day, making the city seem like a war zone and making it very difficult to catch any sleep.
Key events and dates
- Cridà (the 'call'), Torres de Serrano.Last Sunday of February. Crowds gather along bridges and the Túria river bed to hear the fallera mayor (principal fallera) announce the beginning of the Fallas season. Fireworks conclude the event.
- La Despertà (the 'wake-up call'). Daily at 08:00. Brass bands parade down every street, followed by falleros and falleras throwing firecrackers.
- Mascletà, Plaça de l'Ajuntament(Plaza de la Ayuntamiento). 2-19 March, 14:00. This is 120 kilos of gunpowder translated into a multi-sensory ‘symphony of noise’, and must be experienced to be understood, as it includes not just the noise but also the intense smell of gunpowder as well as the vibrations which can be felt through the entire body. The event is very popular and you should arrive at least an hour in advance.
- Batalla de las Luces (Las Calles Iluminadas / Battle of the Lights) (Ruzafa). 11-18 March. Casal fallers around the city decorate their streets with expensive street lighting displays, the most elaborate of which compete annually for the top prize. Three of the top contenders every year are located in the Ruzafa district, with the fourth in La Roqueta.
- Falla Cuba-Literat Azorín, intersection of C/ Cuba with C/ Literat Azorín(Ruzafa).
- Falla Sueca-Literat Azorín, intersection of C/ Literat Azorín with C/ Sueca(Ruzafa).
- Falla Cuba-Puerto Rico, intersection of C/ Cuba with C/ Puerto Rico (Ruzafa).
- Falla Convento Jerusalén-Matemático Marzal, intersection of C/ Convent de Jerusalem with C/ Matemàtic Marzal (La Roqueta).
- Exposición del Ninot (Ninot exhibit), Sala Arquerías, Museo Príncipe Felipe (City of Arts and Sciences; venues can change). 1-14 March. The current year's ninots are placed on display, with visitors voting for their favourite ninot. The winning ninot is spared the flames of the Cremà and added to the permanent collection of the Museu Faller de València (listed below). €3 (adults), €1.50 (children/seniors).
- Cavalcada del Ninot (Ninot Parade). 15 March. The ninots previously exhibited are now paraded through the streets, before being included in the falla monuments.
- Plantà (Planting). 15-16 March. The 15th marks the start of the assembling the elaborate 'fallas', which have been laboured over during the previous year. Construction must be completed by 08:00 on 16 March, or the falla will be disqualified for the competition. Tourist information offices have free maps available showing locations of theSelección Especiál fallas.
- L'Ofrena (La Ofrenda / the Offering), Plaça de la Virgen. 17-18 March. The falleros and falleras from each 'casal faller' bring flowers in offering and used to decorate the mantle of an enormous effigy of theVirgen de los Desamparados, located in the Plaça de la Virgen. Participants are dressed in traditional clothing, and the processions follow two main routes, each terminating at the cathedral: one proceeds westward down Carrer de de Pau / Calle de la Paz, and the other northward up Carrer de Sant Vincent Màrtir / Calle San Vicente.
- Els Castells (fireworks displays), Paseo de la Alameda. 15-18 March. A nightly fireworks display between midnight and 01:30, with each night more impressive than the previous one, until culminating in the final display on the 18th, which is known as La Nit del Foc (the Night of Fire). This is also very crowded and you should arrive early to see it. The best location to view this is from pedestrian bridges crossing the Turía Park riverbed, or even better, from below the Palacio de la Musica.
- Cabalgata del Fuego (Fire Parade), Route: Calle Ruzafa, Calle Colón, Porta de la Mar. 19 March, 19:00. A parade featuring all types of spectacles involving fire. This parade may be canceled in inclement weather.
- La Cremà (The Burning). 19 March, 22:00-01:00. At the end of a week displaying the 'fallas' are burnt. The fallas infantiles are burned at 22:00, the fallas mayores are burned anytime between midnight and 01:00, and the falla at the Plaça Ayuntamiento is burned last at 01:00. The most impressive to see are the fallas in the Sección Especiál, because these are the largest and most dramatic when they burn. These tend to be very crowded and one should arrive early, preferably an hour in advance. A good strategy is to visit a selection of fallas beforehand, and then to choose one to watch burn.
If you can't be in Valencia at the time of the festival, you can at least get an idea of what it's all about by visiting one or both the following museums.
- Museu Faller de València (Museo Fallero / Fallas Museum), Plaça Monteolivete, 4 (Montolivete), , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. M-Sa 09:30-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. Since 1934 ninots (papier-mâché figures) voted as the best of the year have been spared the final flames of the Fallas festival. Along with photos and posters, these figures are showcased in a building which has served as a lepers' hospital, barracks, and prison. €2 (adults), €1 (concessions), free on Su and public holidays.
- Museu de l'Artista Faller de València (Museo del Gremio de Artistas Falleros / Museum of the Guild of Fallas Artists), Avda San José Artesano, 17 (Benicalap), , e-mail:[email protected]. M-F 10:00-14:00 16:00-19:00, Sa 10:00-14:00; closed in Aug. €3 (adults), €2.50 (students), €2 (seniors/disabled/children under 12).
- Semana Santa Marinera(Setmana Santa Marinera / Marinera Holy Week) (Cabanyal).Week before Easter Sunday. As elsewhere in Spain, Valencia celebrates Holy Week with street processions of penitents, organised into fraternities. Although not as well known as the more elaborate processions inAndalusia and Castile and Leon, Valencia's own unique traditions date back to the 15th century and are centred in the neighbourhood of Cabanyal, formerly an independent fishing village. Especially noteworthy are the Good Friday morning processions, one of which involves carrying an image of the crucified Christ to the beach and back (departing at 09:00 from Església de la Mare de Déu dels Àngels and heading down Carrer del Pintor Ferrandis).
- Museo de la Semana Santa Marinera (Semana Santa Museum), Carrer del Rosari, 1 (Port), , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Sa 10:00-14:00 16:30-20:30, Su and holidays 10:00-15:00.This small museum has exhibits explaining the Semana Santa Marinera traditions with costumes, documents, and photographs. Free.
- Festival Internacional del Viento (International Kite Festival), Platja de Malvarrosa (Cabanyal). April. Held annually since 1997, the two-day event includes exhibits, kite-making demonstrations, and competitions. Free.
- Festa del Corpus Christi (Fiesta de Corpus Christi). 60 days after Easter, usually late May or early June. The city has been celebrating Corpus Christi since the late 13th century, and holding feast day processions since 1355. All processions terminate at the cathedral; the tourist office can give a precise itinerary for each.The main procession, known as the Cavalcada del Convit (Spanish:Cabalgata del Convite) begins at 12:00 and follows an itinerary established in the 18th century, and features several medieval dances and rituals unique to Valencia. The most famous dance is La Moma i els Momos, in which a man in white dress and white-veiled face is surrounded by seven men clothed and veiled in black; the dance represents the fight of virtue against the seven deadly sins. Also noteworthy is the dance of the Gegants (giants) and Nanos (dwarves), with dancers wearing oversized heads and costumes, and La Poalà, in which participants are doused with buckets of water.16:30 marks the start of the Pas de les Roques (Spanish: Paso de las Rocas, or Parade of Carriages), the highlight of which are the antique horse-drawn carriages. The final procession, the Solemne Processó(Spanish: Solemne Procesión) begins at 19:00, with participants from parishes and guilds followed by biblical characters and finally by the monstrance. Free.
- Casa de les Roques (Casa de las Rocas / Museo del Corpus), Carrer de les Roques, 3, . Tu-Sa 09:30-14:00 15:00-19:00, Su and holidays 09:30-15:00. The horse-drawn carriages used in the Corpus Christi parades, known as roques(Spanish: rocas, or 'rocks'), have been stored in this building since the mid-15th century. Eleven carriages are on display, the oldest of which was built between 1373 and 1392. Other items exhibited are costumes and historic documents, as well as a 25-minute video about the processions (in Spanish).
- Fira de Juliol (Feria de Julio / July Festival). 1-31 July. Held annually since 1871, this month-long festival includes daily free and ticketed music and dance performances in parks and plazas, open-air cinema, sporting events, and fairground rides. Every Saturday at midnight there are large fireworks (locations vary). The mid-month Gran nit de juliol, always on a Saturday, features street parades and free outdoor concerts, and most museums remain open until midnight or 02:00. The tourist office can offer a detailed schedule of all events.
- Batalla de Flors (Battala de las Flores / Battle of the Flowers), Passeig de l'Albereda (Paseo de la Alameda). Last Sunday of July: parade begins at 20:00, battle begins at 21:00. The highlight of the July festival, the 'Battle of the Flowers' was first established in 1891. This unusual event begins with a parade of horse-drawn floats, on which are perched falleras in traditional dress. The floats circle around a closed off section of the avenue four times, and prizes are awarded for the most beautiful float. Then the fun begins: mountains of softball-sized marigolds have been distributed around the ring, and seated audience members proceed to pelt the falleras with the flowers, who defend themselves with tennis rackets and/or hurl flowers back into the audience. After the parade, the general audience is allowed into the ring, and a general melee begins. Free.
- Nou d’Octubre (Diada Nacional del País Valencià / Valencian Community National Day). 9 October. This annual public holiday has been celebrated since 1365 and commemorates the date in 1238 when King James I of Aragón entered the city, freeing it from Moorish rule. Festivities commence at midnight on 8 October with a fireworks display from the Túria River park by the Pont de l'Exposició (by Alameda metro station). At noon on the following day a formal procession carries the Valencian flag from the Ayuntamiento (City Hall) to the Parque del Parterre (Parterre Park), where a wreath is laid before the equestrian statue of King James.The highlight of the day is the parade of Moros i Cristians (Spanish:Moros y Cristianos), which commences near the Parque del Parterre and proceeds down Carrer de la Pau and Carrer de Sant Vicent, finally terminating at Plaça de l’Ajuntament. The parade starts at 17:00 but it is best to find a spot about a half-hour before the parade begins.The 9th of October is also the day of St. Dyonisius, which for Valencians is similar to Valentine's Day. In a tradition dating to the 18th century, it is customary for men to give their sweethearts a mocaorà – a small bundle of marzipan treats shaped like fruits and wrapped in a handkerchief.
- Palau de la Música, Paseo de la Alameda, 30 (Mestalla), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. 10:30-13:30, 17:30-21:00 (ticket office); tickets can also be purchased online. Designed by José María de Paredes and opened in 1987, this is considered to be one of Europe's most important concert halls. The building is marked by an enormous glass greenhouse-like structure which also serves as the main entrance. In addition to classical music, jazz concerts are also performed here.
- Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia (City of Arts and Sciences), , e-mail: , [email protected]. Ticket office: M W F 10:00-14:30, opens again 3 hrs prior to performance; T Th 10:00-19:00 or until performance; Sa Su and holidays opens 2 hrs prior to performance. This opera/concert house has four halls and covers an area of 37,000m². A schedule of events can be found here.
- Teatro Principal, Carrer de les Barques, 15, .Box office: Tu-F 11:00-13:00 17:00-20:00, Sa and holidays 17:00-20:00.Valencia's oldest theatre was opened 1832 and has a Rococo interior. It is the venue for a varied program of plays and musicals (in Spanish), modern dance, ballet, and concerts.
- Café del Duende, Carrer del Túria, 62 (Extramuros), . Th 22:00-02:30, F Sa 22:00-03:30, Su 17:00-23:00. This café is an intimate venue for flamenco performances, with well-known dancers and musicians hailing not only from Valencia but from across Spain. On Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays performances begin at 23:00 and last for one hour; on Sunday they begin at 20:00. As shows are very popular, it is advisable to get there at least an hour before the show in order to secure a seat – getting to the door 15 minutes before opening is even better. €10 (includes drink).
Cinemas and planetarium
- L’Hemisfèric (City of Arts and Sciences), . (guided tour)Ticket office: 10:00 until beginning of last film.Designed by Valencian architect Santiago Calatravato to resemble a giant eye, this building functions as an IMAX and 3D cinema as well as planetarium. Multiple films are screened daily, with a schedule available online. For visitors interested in seeing the inner workings of the building, guided tours are available M-F at 12.00 and 16.00 in Spanish and English. The building also has a restaurant and shop. Shows: €8.80 (adults), €6.85 (concessions); guided tour: €28.
- Cines Babel, Calle de Vicente Sancho Tello, 10 (Mestalla), . An art-house cinema which screens films in their original languages, including many current releases. The cinema has an adjoining café, and offers mid-week deals of dinner plus a movie for a reduced ticket price.
- Yelmo Cines, Avenida de Tirso de Molina, 16 (Campanar), . A modern cineplex which shows the latest blockbusters, with both dubbed and original language versions (VOS: versión original subtitulada).
Festivals and events
Las Fallas is a fantastic time to be in Valencia. Many people from all over the world come for this unique celebration. If you're thinking about going to Valencia during the celebrations,make sure that you set your accomodations ahead of time as the city fills up quickly. The festival is constant partying by people of all ages in the streets and clubs. It occurs once a year for a week, from 15 to 19 of March, and is full of excitement.
Every day in the middle of the afternoon there is a firecracker display called a Mascleta that shakes the buildings to the point that one might think they will crumble to the ground. The firecracker display is mostly for the noise, but as the week goes on you will find some firecrackers with colored smoke are being set off. Mascletas are so loud that there is a myth that if you don't open your mouth during the display your ear drums will explode from the pressure.
Another abosolutely amazing aspect of the festival is that each neighborhood constructs a falla, which is a paper mache statue to be dispalyed for the week in the streets. The neighborhoods aren't very big so the statues are located every few blocks. These statues are as big or bigger than some buildings. The artist starts working the day after the festival is over on the statue for the next year. Each neighborhood also makes a small statue along the same theme called a Ninot.
During the course of the week, the statues are voted on and prizes are rewarded. Then on the very last night the statues are burned to the ground, as everyone watchs in amazement. The Ninot (smaller fallas statue) that wins first place is kept, and put in the museum that keeps the prize winning Ninots.
The streets of Valencia are not only filled with colorful statues but also with many people out enjoying the festivities. Some of those people are dressed in traditional attire and they are called falleras and falleros. Below is a picture of a fallera.
Bars and nightclubs
Barrio del Carmen is a major nightlife destination in Valencia. There are numerous restaurants, bars, and dance joints, which tend to cater to a youngish crowd, in particular along Calle Caballeros. Plaça del Cedre(Plaza del Cedro) is a nice area where all possibilities are given to spend a night partly o complete in less touristic ambiance than in the center. Additionally there is typical Spanish nigh-life feeling on the plaza itself. Different kind of people enjoying the mild Mediterranean clime to sit outside talking, drinking and playing guitar often until the sunrise. Other centres of are night-life are Plaça de Cánovas del Castillo (more upscale), alongCarrer de Joan Llorenç (young also, less "alternative"), around the main campus of the University of Valencia (for students), and increasingly in the area near the beach and port.
There are many bodegas and tapas bars where you can get typical Spanish dinner for quite good prices. When you arrive early (the Spanish early) at about 20:00 they are usually having special offers like tercio y tapa for about €1. To find them orientate more to the parallel streets to Carrer de Doctor Manuel Candela. Later to drink something occupying the time between dinner and going out there are many bars with different kind of music present.
If you feel like dancing there are four famous pubs where especially at the weekends a lot young people can be found. The entrance is normally for free and they are almost neighbors all located in Calle Campoamor. The music is more alternative (Rock/Indie/Pop) than general in Spain but it changes depending on the DJ. So just have a look to all of them to find the one you like most. They are closing at half past three in the morning and if you don't want to be alone maybe the best time to arrive is between half past one and half past two.
- Blue Iguana, Carrer del Almirante Cadarso, 30 (Gran Via), . F Sa 23:00-06:00. This is one of the best nightclubs in Valencia. New and old good music all night offered by Dj Moisés.
- Calcatta, Carrer del Rellotge Vell, 4 (El Carme), , e-mail: [email protected]. F Sa 24:00-04:00. This is a slightly upscale, younger crowd nightclub in a beautifully renovated old building.Entry €10 includes a drink.
- Radio City, Carrer de Santa Teresa, 19-2 (El Carme: 2 blocks off Plaza Tossal), . 22:00-03:30. A popular bar-cum-club with a crowded dance floor playing a variety of danceable world music. The crowd is mixed locals and travellers, mostly under 30. Aggressive bouncers.
- Sala Matisse, Carrer de Campoamor, 60, . Tu-Su 20:00-03:00.
- El Tornillo, Campoamor, 42, . W-Sa 22:00-03:30.
- Velvet Club (Velvet Underground), Carrer de Campoamor, 58. F Sa 16:00-04:00.
Things to know
Valencia's official languages are Valencian/Catalan, and Spanish. In the capital of Valencia, which is the third largest city in Spain, not many people speak Valencian, nor are they offended if addressed in Spanish. However, outside the capital, Valencian is often preferred. As in Barcelona, with Catalan, it helps to be sensitive to this language dynamic. However, the linguistic issue is not as controversial as in Barcelona and most people in Valencia speak Spanish as their first and often their only language. There are some Spanish language schools in Valencia, for example "Lingua Valencia". The English-speaking skills of the locals can be hit or miss. Most people under 35 speak some English and some quite a bit, but most would obviously prefer being addressed at first in Spanish or Valencian. French is also spoken or understood by some.