Antalya is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province. Located on Anatolia's flourishing southwest coast bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast with over one million people in its metropolitan area.

Info Antalya


Antalya  is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and the capital of its eponymous province. Located on Anatolia's flourishing southwest coast bordered by the Taurus Mountains, Antalya is the largest Turkish city on the Mediterranean coast with over one million people in its metropolitan area.

The city that is now Antalya was first settled around 200 BC by the Attalid dynasty of Pergamon, which was soon subdued by the Romans. Roman rule saw Antalya thrive, including the construction of several new monuments, such as Hadrian's Gate, and the proliferation of neighboring cities. The city has changed hands several times, including to the Byzantine Empire in 1207 and an expanding Ottoman Empire in 1391. Ottoman rule brought relative peace and stability for the next five-hundred years. The city was transferred to Italian suzerainty in the aftermath of World War I, but was recaptured by a newly independent Turkey in the War of Independence.

Antalya is Turkey's biggest international sea resort, located on the Turkish Riviera. Large-scale development and governmental funding has promoted tourism. A record 12.5 million tourists passed through the city in 2014.

Antalya was the host city for the 2015 G-20 summit. It is currently hosting the EXPO 2016.

POPULATION : • Urban 1,203,994
• Metro 2,222,562
TIME ZONE : • Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE :  Turkish (official)
AREA : • City 20,909 km2 (8,073 sq mi)
• Urban 1,417 km2 (547 sq mi)
ELEVATION :   30 m (100 ft)
COORDINATES :  36°54′N 30°41′E
SEX RATIO :  Male: 49.1%
 Female: 50.9%
AREA CODE :  0242
POSTAL CODE :  07x xx
DIALING CODE :  +90 242


Antalya is the largest city on the Turkish Mediterranean coast, and is one of the hubs of the so-called Turkish Riviera.

As the centre of a region with beautiful beaches, verdant mountains, and a mindblowing number of ancient ruins, the tourism investments started in 1970s, which changed the fate of the city considerably. However, as most of the visitors (make no mistake—they are in the range of millions annually) to the region are actually on "all-inclusive" vacation packages nowadays, they are immediately taken from the airport to the huge resorts lining the coastline of hundreds of kilometres, where they stay until the end of their holidays except perhaps a raid or two to the nearest and the most popular attractions, so Antalya itself, especially the old town (Kaleiçi), is more of an independent traveller destination, where you will meet the other travellers of a similar mind, and the locals.

Antalya has a lively nightlife in summer. Options include bars with nargile (water pipe), games, live music and sitting around, discothèques with glamorous visitors, etc. On Konyaalti's Beach Park one club follows the next. Some of traditional houses of Kaleiçi (Old City) has been turned into bars, in which a bottle of 'Efes' beer costs 6-9 TL, depending on the place. Their gardens shaded by trees offer a nice escape with a beer from the peak of summer heat. Raki is a traditional alcoholic beverage that tastes like licorice. Make sure you do not drink it fast otherwise you will be out quickly.


King Attalus II of Pergamon is looked on as founder of the city in about 150 BC, during the Hellenistic period. It was named Attalea or Attalia in his honour. The city served as a naval base for Attalus' powerful fleet. Excavations in 2008, in the Doğu Garajı plot, uncovered remains dating to the 3rd century BC, suggesting that Attalea was a rebuilding and expansion of an earlier town.

Attalea became part of the Roman Republic in 133 BC when Attalus III, a nephew of Attalus II bequeathed his kingdom to Rome at his death in 133 BC. The city grew and prospered during the Ancient Roman period and was part of the Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda, whose capital was Perga.

Christianity started to spread to the region even in the 1st century: Antalya was visited by Paul of Tarsus and Barnabas, as recorded in the Acts of the Apostles: "Then they passed through Pisidia and came to Pamphylia. And when they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia, and from there they sailed to Antioch". Some of the bishops attributed to the episcopal see of Attalea in Pamphylia may instead have been bishops of Attalea in Lydia (Yanantepe), since Lequien lists them under both sees.  No longer a residential bishopric, Attalea in Pamphylia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

The 13th-century Seljuk mosque at Attalea, now in ruins, had been a Christian Byzantine basilica from the 7th century. The Great Mosque had also been a Christian basilica and the Kesik Minare Mosque had been the 5th-century Christian Church of the Panaghia or Virgin and was decorated with finely carved marble. The archaeological museum at Attalia houses some sarcophagi and mosaics from nearby Perga and a casket of bones reputed to be those of St. Nicholas, the bishop of Myra, further down the Turquoise coast.

Antalya was a major city in the Byzantine Empire. It was the capital of the Byzantine Theme of the Cibyrrhaeots, which occupied the southern coasts of Anatolia. According to the research of Speros Vryonis, it was the major naval station on the southern Anatolian coast, a major commercial center, and the most convenient harbor between the Aegean Sea and Cyprus and points further east. Besides the local merchants, "one could expect to see Armenians, Saracens, Jews, and Italians."

At the time of the accession of John II Comnenus in 1118 Antalya was an isolated outpost surrounded by Turkish beyliks, accessible only by sea. Following the fall of Constantinople in 1204, Niketas Choniates records that one Aldebrandus, "an Italian by birth who was strictly raised according to Roman tradition" controlled Antalya as his own fief. When Kaykhusraw, sultan of the Seljuk Turks attempted to capture the city, Aldebrandus sent to Cyprus for help and received 200 Latin infantry who defeated the attackers after a siege of less than 16 days.

The city and the surrounding region were conquered by the Seljuk Turks in the early 13th century. Antalya was the capital of the Turkish beylik of Teke (1321–1423) until its conquest by the Ottomans, except for a period of Cypriot rule between 1361 and 1373.

In the second half of the 17th century Evliya Çelebi wrote of a city of narrow streets containing 3,000 houses in 20 Turkish and four Greek neighborhoods. The town had grown beyond the city walls and the port was reported to hold up to 200 boats.

In the 19th century, in common with most of Anatolia, its sovereign was a "dere bey" (land lord or landowner). The family of Tekke Oğlu, domiciled near Perge had been reduced to submission in 1812 by Mahmud II, but continued to be a rival power to the Ottoman governor until within the present generation, surviving by many years the fall of the other great beys of Anatolia. The records of the Levant (Turkey) Company, which maintained an agency in Antalya until 1825, documented the local dere beys.

In the early 20th century, Antalya had two factories spinning and weaving cotton. As of 1920, the factories had 15,000 spindles and over 200 looms. A German-owned mill baled cotton. There were gin mills.

In the 20th century the population of Antalya increased as Turks from the Caucasus and the Balkans moved into Anatolia. The economy was centered on its port that served the inland areas, particularly Konya. Antalya (then Adalia) was picturesque rather than modern. The chief attraction for visitors was the city wall, and outside a promenade, a portion of which survives. The government offices and the houses of the higher classes were outside the walls.

As of 1920, Antalya was reported as having a population of approximately 30,000. The harbor was described as small, and unsafe for vessels to visit in the winter. Antalya was exporting wheat, flour, sesame seeds, live stock, timber and charcoal. The latter two were often exported to Egypt and other goods to Italy or other Greek islands, who received mainly flour. In 1920, the city had seven flour mills. Wheat was imported, and then processed in town before exportation. Antalya imported manufactured items, mainly from the United Kingdom.

The city was occupied by the Italians from the end of the First World War until the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Large-scale development beginning in the 1970s transformed Antalya from a pastoral town into one of Turkey's largest metropolitan areas. Much of this has been due to tourism, which expanded in the 21st century. In the 1985. singing diva Dalida held her last concert in Antalya.

Menderes Türel of the AKP served as Mayor between 2004 and 2009. The CHP candidate Mustafa Akaydın replaced him in 2009.


The area is shielded from the northerly winds by the Taurus Mountains. Antalya has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Around 300 days of the year are sunny, with nearly 3,000 hours of sunlight per year. The mean sea temperature ranges between 16 °C (61 °F) in winter and 27 °C (81 °F) in summer. The highest record air temperature reached 45 °C (113 °F) in July which normally averages as high as 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) and the lowest record dropped to −4 °C (25 °F) in February, when the low average is as low as 6.1 °C (43 °F).

Climate data for Antalya

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.9
Average high °C (°F) 14.9
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.9
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
Record low °C (°F) −3.4
Source #1: Turkish State Meteorological Service

Average sea temperature

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
18 °C (64 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 17 °C (63 °F) 18 °C (64 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 29 °C (84 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 19 °C (66 °F)


Agricultural production includes citrus fruits, cotton, cut flowers, olives, olive oil and bananas. Antalya Metropolitan Municipality’s covered wholesale food market complex meets 65% of the fresh fruit and vegetable demand of the province.

Since 2000, shipyards have been opened in Antalya Free Zone, specialized in building pleasure yachts. Some of these yards have advanced in composites boat building technology.

Corendon Airlines and SunExpress are headquartered in Antalya.


Districts and cities

  • The coastal districts are; Antalya, Gazipaşa, Alanya, Manavgat, Serik, Kemer,Kumluca, Finike, Kale and Kaş
  • The inland districts are high in the Taurus Mountains, at elevations approx 900–1000 m above sea level. These are; Gündoğmuş, Akseki, İbradı, Korkuteli and Elmalı.

Prices in Antalya



Milk 1 liter €0.75
Tomatoes 1 kg €0.90
Cheese 0.5 kg €3.30
Apples 1 kg €0.75
Oranges 1 kg €0.60
Beer (domestic) 0.5 l €1.70
Bottle of Wine 1 bottle €8.40
Coca-Cola 2 liters €0.93
Bread 1 piece €0.45
Water 1.5 l €0.44



Dinner (Low-range) for 2 €15.00
Dinner (Mid-range) for 2 €27.00
Dinner (High-range) for 2 €40.00
Mac Meal or similar 1 meal €4.95
Water 0.33 l €0.45
Cappuccino 1 cup €2.20
Beer (Imported) 0.33 l €3.60
Beer (domestic) 0.5 l €3.00
Coca-Cola 0.33 l €0.72
Coctail drink 1 drink €7.00



Cinema 2 tickets €9.00
Gym 1 month €38.00
Men’s Haircut 1 haircut €5.00
Theatar 2 tickets €14.00
Mobile (prepaid) 1 min. €0.18
Pack of Marlboro 1 pack €3.30



Antibiotics 1 pack €4.10
Tampons 32 pieces €1.70
Deodorant 50 ml. €1.95
Shampoo 400 ml. €2.70
Toilet paper 4 rolls €1.20
Toothpaste 1 tube €1.60



Jeans (Levis 501 or similar) 1 €40.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M ) 1 €25.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas ) 1 €52.00
Leather shoes 1 €53.00



Gasoline 1 liter €1.35
Taxi Start €0.90
Taxi 1 km €0.80
Local Transport 1 ticket €0.60

Tourist (Backpacker)  

35 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

99 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Antalya is the closest airport, served by inexpensive flights from Istanbul. (As low as $50, early booking is also available for lower prices).

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Being 10 km from the city from Antalya, Antalya Airport (IATA: AYT) caters to the charter flights full of holiday makers. Airlines that serve Antalya include: Pegasus, (lowcost and charters from Netherlands, France and Denmark),AtlasJet (domestic flights), SunExpress (dozens of flights from all over Europe),Turkish Airlines (plenty of flights from Ankara and İstanbul-Atatürk), Aeroflot (daily flights from Moscow-Sheremetyevo), Ukraine International Airlines (several charter flights a week from Kiev). Britain is also represented by numerous Charter firms such as Thomas Cooks and Airtours.

As of March 2011, a taxi ride between the airport and the city centre will set you back € 15 (45 TL) during the day. You may also prefer transfer companies [www] in order to avoid any scam. Other, more wallet-friendly options for airport transportation include Havaşbuses, which are less expensive and more frequent; they depart on the hour from "Güllük PTT" (10 TL). There are public buses from the airport (line 600, "Terminal-Otogar") which leave on the hour and cost 4 TL Busses from the otogar run along Adnan Menderes Blvand Mevlana Cd (exact location of bus stops can be found on Google Maps).

To catch a public bus from the International Terminal you have to go to the domestic terminal (300m, just turn right when you leave the International Terminal); there is a small blue "D" sign next to a larger ficus tree. There is another blue "D" sign next to the taxi stand in front of the International Terminal which won't get you anywhere; waiting there usually attracts taxi drivers (telling you, truthfully, "There is no bus leaving here!") offering a ride.Besides,you can make pre-booking antalya airport transfers by private taxi companies.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

The nearest train station is in Burdur, 122 km north. However Turkish State Railways (TCDD) [www] ceased to operate direct passenger trains to Burdur from Istanbul. However, from Denizli (4-5h by bus) there are regular trains to Izmir. And from Konya you can catch high-speed trains north (as of 2013 only until Eskisehir and not to Istanbul because the track is under construction). From Konya there are also trains going east to Adana.

The Pamukkale Express is NOT operating as of April 2009 and it is unclear when or IF it will resume service.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

Antalya’s huge bus terminal is located about 6km north-west of the city center, but easily reached using the tram getting off at otogar station.

The Turkish bus system is comprehensive and you can get about anywhere from anywhere. Better spend a few more liras and you will have an unforgettable journey. Ulusoy has buses with seats that resemble business class in airplanes. There are also other bus companies, including Kamil Koc, Truva and Varan. Some companies have an onboard WLAN. Check otobusbileti displaying prices of bus tickets from Antalya to eighty one cities in Turkey.

Fares are low. Simply show up at the bus station (otogar) and announce your destination. From most cities, there are an overnight bus options (with Antalya). There are regular buses destined for Anatalya that run along the coastal roads and stop at tourist towns such as Kas and Fethiye, although the latter one is reached quicker (3.5h instead of 5-6h) using a direct bus not along the coastal road.

Transportation - Get In

By boat

Most travelers arrive in Marmaris from Rhodes, Greece, then bus it overland. You can also take a ferry from Kastellorizo, a tiny Greek island just off the Turkish fishing village of Kas.

Transportation - Get Around

Antalya offers a variety of public transportation, such as public buses, trams, mini-buses, taxicabs and dolmus.

Transportation - Get Around

By bus

In Antalya, buses pass from anywhere to any destination in the city. Fares are low and most buses offer air-conditioning and TV even for short routes. To travel to remote places you may need to travel to the bus terminal first. The bus terminal has its own buses with distinctive blue stripes. As of 2011 bus terminal to city to airport travel (Bus route 600, "Terminal-Otogar") is possible every 30min. Route descriptions and schedules can be found in this document . You can look up the street names on Google maps which includes the location of bus stops. There is also this map of bus routes in Antalya .

Transportation - Get Around

By dolmuş

Dolmuş literally means "filled up". Dolmuş is a large cab, a station wagon, a regular taxi or a minibus that travels a certain route. Most major public transportation stations have adolmuş station, where you just take a seat in the dolmuş that travels your desired route. In Antalya dolmuş does not wait until it fills up. Instead, it is scheduled. However, if emptydolmuş will move slowly hoping to find more passenger. Still it has to abide its schedule and cannot stall much.

Transportation - Get Around

By taxi

There are taxi stands all over the city where the drivers have their base and tea pot. Each taxi is metered and there are two different rates. For popular destinations there are price lists showing the rate in Euro. A fair rate is about TRY 2.4 per kilometer.

You can also negotiate with any taxi driver to be your private tour guide. You also have to pay the gas money. This option could be quiet expensive but if you have the money, it is worth it! There is an option to book a private taxi transfers from antalya airport.

Transportation - Get Around

By tram

The Heritage Tramway has been donated by the German city of Nuremberg and connects the western Konyaalti Beach and Antalya Museum to the eastern part of the city center. It runs every 30 min. in either direction and costs 1.25 TL per person. This tramway can be used for sightseeing as it passes some beautiful places of the city center. The AntRay tram system currently (06/2015) consists of one line, serving the route Fatih-Otogar-Muratpaşa-Ismetpaşa-Meydan every 15 min during the day. To get to the Kaleiçi or to the interconnection with the historic tram line, get off at Ismetpaşa station. Tickets (1.75TL) can be obtained at the stores around the stations or at specific AntRay-counters (e.g., at the Otogar). If you're unsure, just ask the helpful station guards. Check OpenStreeMap the location of tram lines and stops.

Transportation - Get Around

By car rental

Car rentals are available in the bus terminal, air port and city center. It is advised not to use car to reach city center (specially Cumhuriyet, Atatürk, Isiklar streets, Sarampol street and old city), as finding a car park and the way people drive (sometimes you feel like you are in the race tracks) might be difficult. Be sure to abide non-parking restrictions, the municipality is very strict about it. There are destination signs on roads to help travelers. Also most of the younger locals know English will be pleased to help about your destination. You can also obtain city map from tourist information desks in the city center.

Transportation - Get Around

By bicycle

Using bicycle in crowded roads might be dangerous and tiresome(especially in summer as the temperature hits high 40's at noon (100F-120F). However, there are a few bicycle-only roads passing beside the sea having incredible views.






The usual souvenirs are kilims, blue eyes, fake designer clothing, shoes, aromatic herbs, waterpipes and more.

If you feel the need to visit a modern shopping mall, Terracity Mall on the way to Lara has all of the international designer shops you could wish for. There is even a stylish supermarket and power boat dealer.

Pharmacies sell most prescription drugs completely legal just over the counter and at low prices. A wide array of generics (drugs containing the same agent as a brand medicine, but from less known companies) is also available. Best-sellers include Viagra, Prozac, Ventolin, Xenical, various contraceptive pills and antibiotics.

A word of caution

The export of antiques or objects considered so is strictly forbidden and will cause a lot of problems not to say hefty fines to those caught when leaving the country. Possession and possibly even commerce in Turkey is legal - just the export is banned. Be on your guard and don't believe sellers who may try to convince you of the opposite. Also, customs back home target more and more faked goods such as video, CDs, shoes, watches and the like. The odds of being caught are minimal, but you should know that you are moving on illegal terrain.


A meal in a restaurant will normally set you back about 7 to 20 TL (a typical dish will be about 12 TL). Service is amazing, and only matched by its genuine friendliness. There are also good seafood restaurants. Of course seafood and fancy restaurants are more expensive. One caveat to be aware of is to make sure the quoted price is the same as the price written on the menu.

If you’re on a budget you’ll appreciate the plenty quick eating stalls south of Muratpaşa, where you can get a chicken dürüm from 2.5 TL.

  • MCYörüksAtatürk Street 68 (Located between Işıklar and Karaoğlan Park). A middle class semi-casual restaurant located in City Center serving dishes and alcoholic/non-alcoholic drinks from Western, Islamic and Turkish world as well as fast food with live music every evening and night. Prices are cheap and no more than 10 Euros per person for a full meal.
  • Valkan Balık1315 Sokak (Near from the old town and Atatürk Stadium),  +90 242 248 8557. Delicious fish and mezzes. Good atmosphere. Nice and simple fishermen style decoration. ~35TL/person for a whole meal.

Sights & Landmarks

Antalya is rich in history and art.

  • The old quarter,Kaleiçi, has narrow, winding streets enclosed in ancient city walls, which now protect the peaceful quarter from the noise of the concrete metropolis of a million people. Although there are other entrances, it is best to enter and exit the old quarter from charming Hadrianus Gate, built by the Roman emperor Hadrianus as the entrance arch to the city.
  • There's a great archaeology museum and plenty of historic buildingsand ancient ruins nearby.
  • Aspendos Theater (ancient Roman theater)
  • Antalya AquariumDumlupınar Bulvarı Arapsuyu Mahallesi No 502, Konyaaltı (Bus 56 stops next to the aquarium, or take a taxi from the otogar (approx 20 lira)), e-mail: .40$.

Museums & Galleries

  • Kaleiçi Museum: Opened in 2007 by the Mediterranean Civilizations Research Center (Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Merkezi)
  • Atatürk's House Museum
  • Antalya Toy Museum. The Antalya Metropolitan Municipality opened the exhibition facility in 2011.
  • Suna & İnan Kıraç Kaleiçi Museum : An ethnographic museum run by the Suna and İnan Kıraç Foundation.

Things to do

Most of Antalya's historic buildings can be found along the narrow, winding streets of Kaleiçi, the old quarter. Historical, architectural and archaeological sites of note include: Yivli Minaret, Karatay Medresesi, Hıdırlık Tower, Ahi Yusuf Mescidi, Iskele Mosque, Murat Paşa Mosque, Tekeli Mehmet Paşa Mosque, Balibey Mosque, Musellim Mosque, Seyh Sinan Efendi Mosque, Hadrian Arch, and the Clock Tower. Many structures date back to the Hellenistic era. Also The Antalya Museum has a notable archaeology collection.

  • Walk around and chill at Karaalıoğlu Park or observe fishermen at lively Yacht Harbour
  • Shop at great malls; Terracity, 5M Migros, Özdilek and Deepo Outlet Center.
  • The hill of Tünektepe, with a height of 618 m/2009 ft, west of the city has a splendid panorama of Antalya. On the top of it, there is a hotel, a rotating restaurant, and a nightclub, although the club is mostly open for private parties only.

You can take a short scenic cruise on the Mediterranean from the boats anchored in the harbor. Assume that the right price is about half of the first price you are offered. Don't believe their assurances that the boat is leaving right away—the boat will leave when the owners think there is no reasonable chance that more passengers can be persuaded to board. Morning cruises tend to be calmer than afternoon cruises.

Festivals and events

  • Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival: national film festival usually held in September / October.
  • International Eurasia Film Festival: (2005–2008) annual international film festival, now part of the Golden Orange festival.
  • Antalya Television Awards: awarded annually since 2009.
  • Antalya Festival: September
  • Mediterranean International Music Festival: October, 6 days
  • Antalya International Folk Music and Dance Festival Competition: Last week of August
  • Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival: June and July
  • Flower festival May


Antalya has a lively nightlife in summer. Options include bars with nargile (water pipe), games, live music and sitting around, discothèques with glamorous visitors, etc. On Konyaalti's Beach Park one club follows the next. Some of traditional houses of Kaleiçi (Old City) has been turned into bars, in which a bottle of 'Efes' beer costs 6-9 TL, depending on the place. Their gardens shaded by trees offer a nice escape with a beer from the peak of summer heat. Raki is a traditional alcoholic beverage that tastes like licorice. Make sure you do not drink it fast otherwise you will be out quickly.

Things to know


Antalya’s signature cuisine includesPiyaz (made with tahini, garlic, walnuts, and boiled beans), şiş köfte(spicy meatball which is cooked around a stick) spicy hibeş with mixed cumin and tahini, tandır kebap, domates civesi, şakşuka, and various cold Mediterranean dishes with olive oil. One local speciality is tirmis, boiled seeds of the lupin, eaten as a snack. "Grida" (also known as Lagos or Mediterranean white grouper) is a fish common in local dishes.

Safety in Antalya

Stay Safe

Antalya Police Department has a "tourism police" section where travellers can report passport loss and theft or any other criminal activity, they may have become victims of. They have staff multilingual in English, German, French, and Arabic.

  • Tourism Police (Turizm Polisi), Kaleiçi Yat Limanı (at the marina below the old town),  +90 242 243-10-61fax: +90 242 345-41-13.

Very High / 8.9

Safety (Walking alone - day)

High / 7.1

Safety (Walking alone - night)