Aegean Turkey
Greek and Roman ruins between azure sea on one side and silvery olive groves on the other
  Black Sea Turkey
Heavily forested mountains offering great outdoor sports such as trekking and rafting
  Central Anatolia
Tree-poor central steppes with the national capital, Hittite and Phrygian ruins, and moon-like Cappadocia
  Eastern Anatolia
High and mountainous eastern part with harsh winters
  Marmara Region
The most urbanized region with Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in some of the country's greatest cities
  Mediterranean Turkey
Mountains clad with pine woods ascending right from the heavily-indented coastline of the crystal clear sea
  Southeastern Anatolia
Semi-desert Middle-Easternmost part of the country


  • Ankara — the capital of Turkey and its second largest city
  • Antalya — the fastest growing city, hub to an array of beach resorts
  • Bodrum — a trendy coastal town in Southern Aegean which turns into a crowded city in season when it serves as a playground for Turkish and international holidaymakers alike, featuring a citadel, Roman ruins, trendy clubs and a number of villages surrounding the peninsula each with a different character from classy to rustic
  • Edirne — the second capital of the Ottoman Empire
  • Istanbul — Turkey's largest city, the former capital of both the Ottoman and Byzantine Empires, and the only major city in the world to straddle two continents
  • Izmir — Turkey's third largest city, hub to an array of beach resorts
  • Konya — a quite large city that is the heartland of mystic Sufi order, the site of Rumi's tomb, and with some elegant Seljuq architecture, all surrounded by vast steppes
  • Trabzon — the wonderful Sumela Monastery is just outside the city and it is a great gateway to exploring the Turkish Northeast
  • Urfa — a city with beautiful architecture and extremely friendly locals at the gates of Eastern World; where Kurdish, Arabic, and Persian cultures mingle

Other destinations

  • Ani — impressive ruins of the medieval Armenian capital in the far east of the country; known as the city of 1000 churches
  • Cappadocia — an area in the central highlands best known for its unique moon-like landscape (the "fairy chimneys"), underground cities, cave churches and houses carved in the rocks
  • Ephesus — well-preserved ruins of the Roman city on the west coast
  • Gallipoli — site of 1915 Anzac landing and many WWI memorials
  • Mount Nemrut — a UNESCO World Heritage site with head statues dedicated to ancient gods on its summit
  • Ölüdeniz — incomparable postcard beauty of the "Blue Lagoon", perhaps the most famous beach of Turkey which you will see on any tourism brochure
  • Pamukkale — "the Cotton Castle", white world of travertines surrounding cascading shallow pools filled with thermal waters
  • Sümela — stunning monastery on the cliffs of a mountain, a must-see on any trip to the northeast coast
  • Uludağ — a national park featuring school textbook belts of different types of forests varying with altitude, and the major winter sports resort of the country

Leave a Reply

Turkey - Travel guide