KHARKIV

Ukraine

Kharkiv ,is the second-largest city in Ukraine. Located in the north-east of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. The city has a population of about 1.5 million people. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and of the surrounding Kharkiv district.

Info Kharkiv

introduction

Kharkiv ,is the second-largest city in Ukraine. Located in the north-east of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. The city has a population of about 1.5 million people. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and of the surrounding Kharkiv district.

The city was founded in 1654 and after a humble beginning as a small fortress grew to be a major centre of Ukrainian industry, trade and culture within the Russian Empire.

Kharkiv was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic December 1917 - January 1935, after which the capital relocated to Kiev.

Presently, Kharkiv operates as a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 60 scientific institutes , 30 higher education universities and institutions , 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries.

Its industry specializes primarily in machinery and in electronics. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city, including the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory(leaders in world tank production from the 1930s to the 1980s);Khartron (aerospace and nuclear power plants automation electronics); the Turboatom(turbines for the hydro-, thermal- and nuclear- power plants), and Antonov (the multipurpose aircrafts manufacturing plant).

info
POPULATION :• City 1,430,885 
• Metro 1,732,400
FOUNDED :  1654
TIME ZONE :• Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE :
RELIGION :
AREA : 350 km2 (140 sq mi)
ELEVATION : 152 m (499 ft)
COORDINATES : 50°0′16″N 36°13′53″E
SEX RATIO : Male: 47%
 Female: 53%
ETHNIC :Ukrainians 62.8%
Russians 33.2%
Jews 0.7%
AREA CODE : 572
POSTAL CODE : 61001—61499
DIALING CODE : +380 572
WEBSITE :  http://www.city.kharkov.ua/en/

Tourism

Kharkiv is one of the main cultural centres in Ukraine. It is home of 20 museums, over 10 theaters and a number of picture galleries. Large music and cinema festivals are hosted in Kharkiv almost every year.

Of the many attractions of the Kharkiv city are the: Dormition Cathedral, Annunciation Cathedral, Derzhprom building, Freedom Square, Taras Shevchenko Monument, Mirror Stream, Historical Museum, Choral Synagogue, T. Shevchenko Gardens, Zoo, Children's narrow-gauge railroad, World War I Tank Mk V, Memorial Complex, and many more.

After the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea the monument to Petro Konashevych-Sahaidachny in Sevastopol was removed and handed over to Kharkiv.

History

Archeological evidence discovered in the area of present-day Kharkiv indicates that a local population has existed in that area since the second millennium BC. Cultural artifacts date back to the Bronze Age, as well as those of later Scythian and Sarmatian settlers. There is also evidence that the Chernyakhov culture flourished in the area from the second to the sixth centuries.


Establishment

The city was founded by re-settlers who were running away from the war that engulfed Right-bank Ukraine in 1654 . The years before the region was a sparsely populated part of the Cossack Hetmanate. The group of people came onto the banks of Lopan and Kharkiv rivers where stood an abandoned settlement. According to archive documents, the leader of the re-settlers was otaman Ivan Kryvoshlyk.

At first the settlement was self-governed under the jurisdiction of a voivode from Chuhuiv that is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the east. The first appointed voivode from Moscow was Voyin Selifontov in 1656 who started to build a local ostrog (fort). At that time the population of Kharkiv was just over 1000, half of which were local cossacks, while Selifontov brought along a Moscow garrison of another 70 servicemen. The first Kharkiv voivode was replaced in two years after constantly complaining that locals refused to cooperate in building the fort. Kharkiv also became the centre of the local Sloboda cossack regiment as the area surrounding the Belgorod fortress was being heavily militarized. With the resettlement of the area by Ukrainians it came to be known as Sloboda Ukraine, most of which was included under the jurisdiction of the Razryad Prikaz (Military Appointment) headed by a district official from Belgorod. By 1657 the Kharkiv settlement already had a fortress with underground passageways.

In 1658 Ivan Ofrosimov was appointed as the new voivode, who worked on forcing locals to kiss the cross to show loyalty to the Moscow Tsar. The locals led by their otaman Ivan Kryvoshlyk refused it. However, with the election of the new otaman Tymish Lavrynov the community (hromada) sent a request to the Tsar to establish a local Assumption market, signed by deans of Kharkiv churches (the Assumption Cathedral and parish churches of Annunciation and Trinity). Relationships with the neighboring Chuhuiv sometimes were non-friendly and often their arguments were pacified by force. With the appointment of the third voivode Vasiliy Sukhotin was completely finished the construction of the city fort.

Meanwhile, Kharkiv had become the centre of Sloboda Ukraine.


Kharkiv Fortress

The Kharkiv Fortress was erected around the Assumption Cathedral and its castle was located at University Hill. It was situated between today's streets: vulytsia Kvitky-Osnovianenko, Constitution Square, Rose Luxemburg Square, Proletarian Square, and Cathedral Descent. The fortress had 10 towers: Chuhuivska Tower, Moskovska Tower, Vestovska Tower, Tainytska Tower, Lopanska Corner Tower, Kharkivska Corner Tower and others. The tallest tower was Vestovska some 16 metres (52 ft) tall, while the shortest one was Tainytska which, however, had a secret well 35 metres (115 ft) deep. The fortress had the Lopanski Gates. In 1689 the fortress was expanded and included the Saint-Pokrov Cathedral and Monastery which was baptized and became the center of local eparchy. Coincidentally in the same year in the vicinity of Kharkiv in Kolomak, Ivan Mazepa was announced the Hetman of Ukraine. Next to the Saint-Pokrov Cathedral was located the Kharkiv Collegiate that was transferred from Belgorod to Kharkiv in 1726.


Within the Russian Empire

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Kiev Governorate. Kharkiv is specifically mentioned as one of the towns making a part of the governorate.In 1727, Belgorod Governorate was split off, and Kharkiv moved to Belgoro Governorate. It was the center of a separate administrative unit,Kharkiv Sloboda Cossack regiment. The regiment at some point was detached from Belgorod Governorate, then attached to it again, until in 1765, Sloboda Ukraine Governorate was established with the seat in Kharkiv.

Kharkiv University was established in 1805 in the Palace of Governorate-General. Alexander Mikolajewicz Mickiewicz, brother of Adam Mickiewicz was a professor of law in the university, another celebrity Goethesearched for instructorial staff for the school. In 1906 Ivan Franko received here a doctorate in Russian linguistics.

The streets were first cobbled in the city centre in 1830. In 1844 the 90 metres (300 ft) tall Alexander Bell Tower was built next to the first Assumption Cathedral, which on November 16, 1924 was transformed into a radio tower. A system of running water was established in 1870. The Cathedral Descent at one time carried the name of another local trader Vasyl Ivanovych Pashchenko-Tryapkin as Pashchenko Descent. Pashchenko even leased a space to the city council (duma) and was the owner of the city "Old Passage", the city's biggest trade center. After his death in 1894 Pashchenko donated all his possessions to the city. In 1912 the first sewer system was built. Gas lighting was installed in 1890 and electric lighting in 1898. In 1869, the first railway station was constructed, and the first tram lines in 1906.

From 1800 to 1917 the population increased by 30 fold.

Kharkiv became a major industrial centre and with it a centre of Ukrainian culture. In 1812, the first Ukrainian newspaper was published there. One of the first Prosvitas in Eastern Ukraine was also established in Kharkiv. A powerful nationally aware political movement was also established there and the concept of an Independent Ukraine was first declared there by the lawyer Mykola Mikhnovsky in 1900.

Soon after the Crimean War, in 1860-61 number of hromada societies sprung up across the Ukrainian cities including Kharkiv. Among the most prominent hromada members in Kharkiv was Oleksandr Potebnia, a native of Sloboda Ukraine. Beside the old hromada, in Kharkiv also existed several student hromadas members of which were future political leaders of Ukraine such as Borys Martos, Dmytro Antonovych and many others. One of the University of Kharkiv graduates Oleksandr Kovalenko was one of initiators of the mutiny on Russian battleship Potemkin being the only officer who supported the in-rank sailors.


Soviet period

When the Tsentralna Rada announced the establishment of the Ukrainian People's Republic in November 1917 it envisioned the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate to be part of it. In December 1917 Kharkiv became the first city in Ukraine occupied by the Soviettroops of Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko. The Bolsheviks in the Tsentralna Rada moved to Kharkiv shortly after to make it their stronghold and formed their own Rada on 13 December 1917. By February 1918 Bolshevik forces had captured much of Ukraine. In February 1918 Kharkiv became the capital of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic; but this entity was disbanded six weeks later. In April 1918 the German army occupied Kharkiv. And according to the February 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Central Powers it became part of the Ukrainian People's Republic. Early January 1919 Bolshevik forces captured Kharkiv. Mid-June 1919 Anton Denikin's White movement Volunteer Army captured the city. In December 1919 the Bolshevik Red Army recaptured Kharkiv.

Prior to the formation of the Soviet Union, Bolsheviks established Kharkiv as the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (from 1919 to 1934) in opposition to the Ukrainian People's Republic with its capital of Kiev.

According to linguist George Shevelov, in the early 1920s the share of secondary schools teaching in the Ukrainian language was lower than the share of the Kharkiv Oblasts ethnic Ukrainian population, even though the Soviet Union had ordered that all schools in the Ukrainian SSR should be Ukrainian speaking (as part of its Ukrainization policy).

As the country's capital, it underwent intense expansion with the construction of buildings to house the newly established Ukrainian Soviet government and administration. Derzhprom was the second tallest building in Europe and the tallest in the Soviet Union at the time with a height of 63 metres (207 ft). In the 1920s, a 150 metres (490 ft) wooden radio tower was built on top of the building. During the interwar period the city saw the spread of architectural constructivism. One of the best representatives of it was the already mentioned Derzhprom, the Building of the Red Army, the Ukrainian Polytechnic Institute of Distance Learning (UZPI), the City Council building, with its massive asymmetric tower, the central department store that was opened on the 15th Anniversary of the October Revolution. The same year on November 7, 1932 the building of Noblemen Assembly was transformed into the building of All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee.

In 1928, the SVU (Union for the Freedom of Ukraine) process was initiated and court sessions were staged in the Kharkiv Opera (now the Philharmonia) building. Hundreds of Ukrainian intellectuals were arrested and deported.

In the early 1930s, the Holodomor famine drove many people off the land into the cities, and to Kharkiv in particular, in search of food. Many people died and were secretly buried in mass graves in the cemeteries surrounding the city.

In 1934 hundreds of Ukrainian writers, intellectuals and cultural workers were arrested and executed in the attempt to eradicate all vestiges of Ukrainian nationalism in Art. The purges continued into 1938. Blind Ukrainian street musicians were also gathered in Kharkiv and murdered by the NKVD. In January 1935 the capital of the Ukrainian SSR was moved from Kharkiv to Kiev.

During April and May 1940 about 3,900 Polish prisoners of Starobelsk camp were executed in the Kharkiv NKVD building, later secretly buried on the grounds of an NKVD pansionat in Pyatykhatky forest (part of the Katyn massacre) on the outskirts of Kharkiv. The site also contains the numerous bodies of Ukrainian cultural workers who were arrested and shot in the 1937–38 Stalinist purges.


German occupation

During World War II, Kharkiv was the site of several military engagements (see below). The city was captured and recaptured by Nazi Germany on 24 October 1941; there was a disastrous Red Army offensive that failed to capture the city in May 1942; the city was successfully retaken by the Soviets on 16 February 1943, captured for a second time by the Germans on 15 March 1943 and then finally liberated on 23 August 1943. Seventy percent of the city was destroyed and tens of thousands of the inhabitants were killed. Kharkiv, the third largest city in the Soviet Union, was the most populous city in the Soviet Union captured by the Germans, since in the years preceding World War II, Kiev was by population the smaller of the two.

The significant Jewish population of Kharkiv (Kharkiv's Jewish community prided itself with the second largest synagogue in Europe) suffered greatly during the war. Between December 1941 and January 1942, an estimated 30,000 people(slightly more than half Jewish) were killed and buried in a mass grave by the Germans in a ravine outside of town named Drobitsky Yar.

Before the occupation, Kharkiv's tank industries were evacuated to the Urals with all their equipment, and became the heart of Red Army's tank programs (particularly, producing the T-34 tank earlier designed in Kharkiv). These enterprises returned to Kharkiv after the war, and continue to produce tanks.

Of the population of 700,000 that Kharkiv had before the start of World War II, 120,000 became Ost-Arbeiter (slave worker) in Germany, 30,000 were executed and 80,000 starved to death during the war.


Post-World War II

In the post-World War II period many of the destroyed homes and factories were rebuilt. From the constructivism the city was planned to be rebuilt in the style of Stalinist Classicism.

Gas lines were installed for heating in government and later private homes. An airport was built in 1954. Following the war Kharkiv was the third largest scientific-industrial centre in the former USSR (after Moscow and Leningrad).


In independent Ukraine

By its territorial expansion on September 6, 2012 the city increased its area from about 310 to 350 square kilometres (120 to 140 sq mi).

A well-known landmark of Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Ploshcha Svobodyformerly known as Dzerzhinsky Square), which is the sixth largest city square in Europe, and the 12th largest square in the world.

There is an underground rapid-transit system (metro) with about 38.1 km (24 mi) of track and 29 stations. The new "Victory" underground station (no. 30) will be opened in Kharkiv in August, 2016. All the underground stations have very special distinctive architectures.

Kharkiv was a host city for the UEFA Euro 2012, and hosted three group soccer matches at the reconstructed Metalist Stadium.

Kharkiv has a large number of the new modern shopping malls and business centers around the city, which were built in 1990s and 2000s.

A large number of the Orthodox cathedrals were built in Kharkiv in 1990s and 2000s. For example, the Peace Bringing Wives Orthodox cathedral, the St. Vladimir Orthodox cathedral, St. Tamara Orthodox cathedral, etc.

In 2007, the Vietnamese minority in Kharkiv built the largest Buddhist temple in Europe on a 1 hectare plot with a monument to Ho Chi Minh.

The Gor'ky park was fully renovated in Kharkiv in 2000s, having a big number of modern attractions, a lake with lilies and the sport facilities to play tennis, football, beach volleyball, and basketball.

The Feldman park was created in Kharkiv in recent years, containing a big collection of animals, horses, etc.

Climate

Kharkiv's climate is humid continental with the cold and snowy winters as well as the dry and hot summers.

Weather in Kharkiv is heavily influenced by the European continental air streams: the warm and humid one from Atlantic ocean from the West as well as the cold and dry one from the Northern sea from the North.

Kharkiv has rather sunny warm summers which, however, are relatively mild compared to temperatures in South European regions, due to the region's lower elevation, proximity to the Black sea, and the city's latitude. In other words, Kharkiv experiences the warm summers, interrupted by only occasional, brief intervals of stormy rain conditions.

Kharkiv has the relatively long and cold winters. Kharkiv receives the heavy snowfalls, especially in February, and the surfaces of Kharkiv river and Lopen are covered by the ice at Winter.

The average rainfall totals 513 mm (20 in) per year, with the most in June and July.

Climate data for Kharkiv

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.0
(51.8)
14.6
(58.3)
21.8
(71.2)
30.5
(86.9)
34.5
(94.1)
36.8
(98.2)
37.6
(99.7)
39.8
(103.6)
33.7
(92.7)
29.3
(84.7)
20.3
(68.5)
13.4
(56.1)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F)−2.2
(28)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.3
(39.7)
14.0
(57.2)
20.8
(69.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.7
(78.3)
19.4
(66.9)
12.0
(53.6)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.1
(30)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.7
(33.3)
9.2
(48.6)
15.6
(60.1)
19.3
(66.7)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
14.4
(57.9)
7.9
(46.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F)−7.0
(19.4)
−7.3
(18.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.6
(40.3)
10.3
(50.5)
14.2
(57.6)
16.2
(61.2)
14.9
(58.8)
9.8
(49.6)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
4.2
(39.6)
Record low °C (°F)−35.6
(−32.1)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−32.2
(−26)
−11.4
(11.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.2
(36)
5.7
(42.3)
2.2
(36)
−2.9
(26.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−35.6
(−32.1)
              
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net

Geography

Geographically, Kharkiv is located at the banks of the Kharkiv, Lopan, and Udy rivers, where they flow into the Seversky Donetswatershed in in the North-Eastern region of Ukraine.

Historically, Kharkiv lies in the Sloboda Ukraine region (Slobozhanshchyna also known as Slobidshchyna) in Ukraine, in which it is considered as a main city.

The approximate dimensions of City of Kharkiv are: from the North to the South - 24,3кm; from the West to the East — 25,2кm.

Going from the Kharkiv's relief, it makes sense to explain that the city can be conditionally divided on the four lower districts and the four higher districts.

Considering the relief of the municipality of Kharkiv, it can be noted that the highest point over the sea level in Pyatikhatky in Kharkiv is 202m, the lowest point over the sea level in Novoselivka in Kharkiv is 94m.

Kharkiv lies in the large valley of rivers of Kharkiv, Lopan', Udy, and Nemyshlya. This valley lies from the North West to the South East between the Mid Russian highland and Donetsk lowland. All the rivers interconnect in Kharkiv and flow into the river of Northern Donets. A special system of the concrete and metal dams was designed and built by engineers to regulate the water level in the rivers in Kharkiv. One of the dams in Hydro park regulates a water level at a big man-made water reservoir, which was built near Saltovka district in Kharkiv in 1970s-1980s.

Kharkiv has a large number of the green city parks with the long history of more than 100 years with very old oak trees and many flowers.

Economy

The 2016-2020 economic development strategy: "Kharkiv Success Strategy", is created in Kharkiv. 

International Economic Forum

The International Economic Forum: Innovations. Investments. Kharkiv Innitiatives! is being conducted in Kharkiv every year.

In 2015, the International Economic Forum: Innovations. Investments. Kharkiv Innitiatives! was attended by the diplomatic corps representatives from 17 world countries, working in Ukraine together with top-management of trans-national corporations and investment funds; plus Ukrainian People’s Deputies; plus Ukrainian Central government officials, who determine the national economic development strategy; plus local government managers, who perform practical steps in implementing that strategy; plus managers of technical assistance to Ukraine; plus business and NGO’s representatives; plus media people.

The key topics of the plenary sessions and panel discussions of the International Economic Forum: Innovations. Investments. Kharkiv Innitiatives! are the implementation of Strategy for Sustainable Development “Ukraine – 2020”, the results achieved and plan of further actions to reform the local government and territorial organization of power in Ukraine, export promotion and attraction of investments in Ukraine, new opportunities for public-private partnerships, practical steps to create “electronic government”, issues of energy conservation and development of oil and gas industry in the Kharkiv Region, creating an effective system of production and processing of agricultural products, investment projects that will receive funding from the State Fund for Regional Development, development of international integration, preparation for privatization of state enterprises.

The present state of the economy in Kharkiv in Ukraine is partly described in The Economist in London in the UK.

Kharkiv Chamber of Commerce and Industry

The Kharkiv Chamber of Commerce and Industry supports the businesses development in Kharkiv.

International Industrial Exhibitions

The international industrial exhibitions are usually conducted at the Radmir Expohall exhibition center in Kharkiv.

Industrial corporations

During the Soviet era, Kharkiv was the capital of industrial production in Ukraine and the third largest centre of industry and commerce in the USSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the largely defence-systems-oriented industrial production of the city decreased significantly. In the early 2000s, the industry started to recover and adapt to market economy needs. Now there are more than 380 industrial enterprises concentrated in the city, which have a total number of 150,000 employees. The enterprises form machine-building, electro-technology, instrument-making, and energy conglomerates.

State-owned industrial giants, such as Turboatom and Elektrotyazhmash occupy 17% of the heavy power equipment construction (e.g., turbines) market worldwide. Multipurpose aircraft are produced by theAntonov aircraft manufacturing plant. The Malyshev factory produces not only armoured fighting vehicles, but also harvesters. Khartron is the leading designer of space and commercial control systems in Ukraine and the former CIS.

IT industry

The IT industry is represented by a few hundreds of the small IT start ups, which form a cluster of IT companies in Kharkiv. 

Finance industry

Kharkiv is also the headquarters of one of the largest Ukrainian banks, UkrSibbank, which has been part of the BNP Paribas group since December 2005.

Subdivisions

The territory of Kharkiv is divided into 9 administrative raions (districts), till February 2016 they were named for people, places, events, and organizations associated with early years of the Soviet Union but many were renamed in February 2016 to comply with decommunization laws. Also due to these law more than 200 streets have been renamed in Kharkiv since 20 November 2015.

The raions are named:

  1. Kholodnohirskii (Ukrainian:Холодногірський район, Cold Mountain; namesake the historic name of the neighbourhood ) (formerly Leninsky; namesake Vladimir Lenin)
  2. Shevchenko (Ukrainian: Шевченківський район); namesake Taras Shevchenko (formerly Dzerzhynsky; namesake Felix Dzerzhinsky)
  3. Kyivsky (Ukrainian: Київський район); namesake Kiev
  4. Moskovsky (Ukrainian: Московський район); namesake Moscow
  5. Nemyshlyansky (Ukrainian: Немишлянський район);
  6. Industrial (Ukrainian: Індустріальний район) (formerly Ordzhonikidzevsky; namesake Grigol Ordzhonikidze)
  7. Slobodsky (Ukrainian: Слободський район);
  8. Osnoviansky (Ukrainian: Основянський район);
  9. Novobavarsky (Ukrainian: Новобаварський район)

Internet, Comunication

Consulat

  • Consulate General of Russia (Генеральне консульство Росії), Ol'minskogo str., 22 (M2: Pushkinska a station),  +380 57 700-0056

Internet

  • Kharkiv Regional Universal Scientific Library (Харківська обласна універсальна наукова бібліотека), Kooperativnaya str., 13 (M1 Radianska or Sovetskaya),  +380 57 731-2516
  • Korolenko Scientific Library (Харківська державна наукова бібліотека ім. В.Г. Короленка), Korolenko ln., 18/8 (M1 Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station),  +380 57 731-1101
  • Ostrovsky Central Children's Library (Центральна дитяча бібліотека ім. М. Островського, ЦБС ім. В.В. Маяковського), Chernyshevskogo str., 15 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova),  +380 57 706-3381
  • Central Scientific Library, the Library of University V.N. Karazin(Центральна наукова бібліотека, Бібліотека ХНУ ім. В.Н. Каразіна), Svobody sq., 4 (M: Derzhprom( Держпром) station),  +380 57 705-1255.
  • Vladimir Mayakovsky Central Library (Центральна бібліотека ім. В.В. Маяковського Київського району), Kiev district, Mironositskaya str., 81/85 (Tram 12 to Vesnina street stop),  +380 57 700-4847. Need a registration Free.

Post Offices

  • No.2 post-office (2 поштове відділення), Chernyshevskogo str., 28/11 (M2: Arkhitektora Beketova),  +380 57 706-13-88.
  • No.3 post-office (3 поштове відділення), Gamarnika st, 15A
  • No.13 post-office (13 поштове відділення), Shevchenko str., 165 (M2: Kievska),  +380 57 704-1045
  • No.24 post-office (24 поштове відділення), Pushkinskaya str., 96-98 (M2: Pushkinska),  +380 57 704-1042.
  • No.23 post-office (23 поштове відділення), Sumskaya str., 126 (Tram 12 to Gorky Park),  +380 57 700-4053.
  • No.57 post-office (57 поштове відділення), Skripnika str., 6/13, Hoholia str., 13 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei station),  +380 57 706-1392.
  • No.146 post-office (146 поштове відділення), Bliukhera str., 21 (M2: Studentska ( Студентська) station),  +380 572 657648.

Prices in Kharkiv

PRICES LIST - EUR

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter€0.48
Tomatoes1 kg€0.78
Cheese0.5 kg€2.80
Apples1 kg€0.60
Oranges1 kg€1.09
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.44
Bottle of Wine1 bottle€2.75
Coca-Cola2 liters€0.75
Bread1 piece€0.20
Water1.5 l€0.39

PRICES LIST - EUR

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2€12.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2€22.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2
Mac Meal or similar1 meal€2.25
Water0.33 l€0.24
Cappuccino1 cup€0.75
Beer (Imported)0.33 l€1.05
Beer (domestic)0.5 l€0.45
Coca-Cola0.33 l€0.35
Coctail drink1 drink€1.85

PRICES LIST - EUR

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets€7.00
Gym1 month€27.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut€3.80
Theatar2 tickets€12.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.€0.03
Pack of Marlboro1 pack€0.90

PRICES LIST - EUR

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack€4.00
Tampons32 pieces€1.85
Deodorant50 ml.€2.35
Shampoo400 ml.€3.40
Toilet paper4 rolls€0.85
Toothpaste1 tube€1.40

PRICES LIST - EUR

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1€58.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1€39.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1€72.00
Leather shoes1€89.00

PRICES LIST - EUR

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter€0.83
TaxiStart€1.15
Taxi1 km€0.18
Local Transport1 ticket€0.20

Tourist (Backpacker)  

26 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

54 € per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

  • Kharkiv International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Харків") (12.5km south-east of the central city),  +380 572 431985, +380 572 433643. IATA:HRK. Daily flights to Moscow (Aeroflot, UTair), Kiev (UIA, UTair Ukraine), Istanbul(Pegasus), and Wien (Austrian Airlines). Infrequent flights to Tbilisi (Georgian Airways), Yerevan (Armavia), Dubai (Fly Dubai).

Getting into the city from the airport

  • By bus: Buses 115 and 119 to metro (subway) station "Prospekt Haharina", bus 297 to metro station "Radianska".
  • By minibus (marshrutka): Marshrutkas 255 and 152 to metro station "Akademika Barabashova".
  • By trolleybus Trolleybus 5 to "Zirka" cinema.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

  • Central railway station, 'Kharkiv-Passazhyrskyi' (The metro station Pivdenny Vokzal (метро Пiвденний вокзал) links to the railway station. At the railway station you can also take a tram, a route taxi, a bus or an ordinary taxi.).It has daily trains to all major cities and towns in Ukraine. - It is recommended to buy railway tickets in advance at Ukrainian railways' website (press "English" button at the top of the page). You will need to print booking form from the site and then fetch tickets form any Ukrainian railways' ticket office. The person receiving Internet-ordered travel documents in the ticket office must present an identifying document to the booking-clerk. - Railway tickets can be purchased at the booking offices at the railway station, at the Service Centre or at the advance booking offices. The Service Centre is open 24 hours at the ground floor. Here you can purchase tickets, book a room, order a taxi or hire a luggage porter, as well as get all the necessary information, make a photo copy or use a PC. - The U Samovara (At the Samovar) Tea Pavilion is located in the central hall of the railway station. The biggest samovar in Ukraine of 305kg and 360 liter is installed there. - There is a waiting room is on the first floor & a conference room on the second floor. - From here depart express trains to Simferopol 7 hours, Kiev, 5 hours via Poltava 2 hours. - To Kiev is a direct overnight train service (87UAH, 8½ to 10 hours). To Donetsk (70UAH, 6½ to eight hours, six a day) and 1 so-called ‘fast elektrychka’ (electric train) with airplane-style seating (38UAH, 5½ hours). There’s also a fast elektrychka to Dnipropetrovsk (25UAH, 4½ hours) along with a host of regular trains (35UAH, 6 hours), Odesa (100UAH, 14 hours, twice a day).
  • Railway advance booking tickets Cash desk (Каси попереднього продажу залізничних квитків), Lenina ave., 27/23 (M3: Botanichniy Sad).
  • Train ticket office, pre-sale (Каси попереднього продажу залізничних квитків), Sumskaya str., 39 (M2: Universytet (Університет) station). 
  • Kharkiv-Balashovsky station (Залізнична станція Харків-Балашовський), Plekhanovskaya str., 114 (M: Zavod im. Malysheva),  +380 57 250-8203. A commuter train station
  • Kharkiv-Levada Railway Station (Залізнична станція "Харків-Левада" Kharkiv-Levada Харків,), Movchanyvskyi prov. (Мовчанівський пров.) (M: Prospekt Gagarina). A commuter train station.
  • Alongside electric commuter trains, rail buses have been introduced recently.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

  • Central Coach Station No. 1 (Автостанция №1, Центральный автовокзал), 22, Gagarina Av (Train Station 'Levada'),  +380 57 732-6502.24h. Buses following international (Rostov-on-Don, Moscow, Germany) and interregional routes (Poltava, Krasnograd, Izyum directions). The most useful lines are to Poltava (11UAH, 2½ hours, at least eight a day), Dnipropetrovsk (18UAH, 4½ hours, 20 a day) and Zaporizhia (24UAH, 6½ hours, at least 2 a day). Many regional lines also depart from here.
  • Bus Station No. 2 (‘Tsentralny Rynok’ Station, Автостанция N2, Суздальские ряды, Центральный рынок), Suzdal'skie Ryady str., 9 (Metro 'Центральный рынок'),  +380 57 734-9106. Buses in the direction of Sumy(north). International buses also depart from here.
  • Bus Station No. 3 or ‘Konny Rynok’ Station (Автостанция No.3, Конный рынок), Vosstaniya sq., 4 (M: Vosstaniya),  +380 57 732-5765.
  • Bus Station No. 4 or Lisopark Station (Автостанция №4), Belgorodskoe highway, 1 (Tram 12 to Lisopark terminal),  +380 57 315-0176 or =+380 57 315-0039. To/From Belgorod.
  • Bus Station #6 Kholodna Hora (Автостанция N6 Холодная Гора), Poltavskii Shlyakh str., 143 (Prosp. Moskovsky) (M: Kholodna Hora), +380 57 372-7191. Regional & international buses.
  • Bus Station #8 Pivdennyi vokzal (Автостанция No.8 Южный вокзал, КП на пл. Привокзальной), Privokzal'naya sq., 2 (M: Yuzhnyi Vokzal),  +380 57 752-9976, +380 57 732-6504. Regional & international routes.
  • Customer Service of ‘Autolux’ Bus Company,   +380 57 736-0149. 24 h.coaches follow the Kharkiv-Poltava-Boryspil Airport-Kiev route

 


Transportation - Get Around

Kharkiv can seem very foreign for western travelers, mostly because of Cyrillic letters. It would be very useful to learn to read the Cyrillic alphabet before coming to Ukraine. Most Kharkivians speak Russian, as Kharkiv is situated only 40 km from the Russian border. Though there will be a big possibility that the locals will not understand the Russian which comes from the travelers’ phrasebook. But it is worth trying to practice as there are only a few people who speak and understand English, mostly young Ukrainians.

Transportation - Get Around

By Metro

The Metro is the fastest and easiest way of getting around. Every day it carries nearly 1 million people; it is the most convenient public transport in Kharkiv. There are three metro lines (red, blue and green).

To enter the Metro you need to buy a token from the cash desk, Kassa (Ukrainian: Каса)(since 2010 the tokens are sold by the automats you'll see at the entrance). One token is valid for one trip, no matter how far you go and how long it takes. A token costs UAH 3.00. You need to put the token into the turnstile to your right to enter and pass it. But make sure that you walk through the correct side of the turnstile otherwise there is the possibility that you will be hit by the metal gate!

A card system is also in place; a card can be bought at an automat for UAH10 and it can be recharged for an amount of up to UAH500. To use the card just place the card on top of the turnstile to your right, make sure that the light is green and proceed.

The way the Kharkiv Metro is designed allows you to choose the direction of travel after you have paid for you trip.

Transportation - Get Around

By tram

The Kharkiv tram network one of the few left in Ukraine, since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The number 12 tram line is very useful if you wish to visit the far northeastern part of the city.

 

Hotels

- BEST RATED -

Hotels

- BEST VALUE -

Shopping

  • Melodiia Shopping centre (Торговий центр "Мелодія"), Rozy Liuksemburg sq., 10 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya),   +380 57 731-33-34
  • Korona Shopping centre (Торговий центр "Корона"), Rozy Liuksemburg sq., 5 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya),   +380 57 731-3204
  • TsUM Shopping centre (Торговий центр "ЦУМ"), Rozy Liuksemburg sq., 1/3 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya),   +380 57 731-2655
  • City Centre Shopping center (Торговий центр "Сити Центр"), Rozy Liuksemburg sq. 20 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya),   +380 57 771-0422
  • Kids World (Dytiachyi svit) Shopping centre (Торгівельний центр "Дитячий світ"), Konstitutsii sq., 9 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station),   +380 57 731-3003.
  • Knizhnaia balka market (Рынок Книжная балка), Kravtsova (Кравцова пер.) (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station).
  • Komil'fo Shopping centre (Торговий центр Комільфо), Sumskaya str., 13, (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station),  +380 57 731-2904.
  • Sana Shopping centre (Торгово-офісний центр "САНА"), Pushkinskaya str., 43 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova),   +380 57 751-8339.
  • Lira Business centre (БЦ Лира), Chernyshevskogo str., 13 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova),   +380 57 766-0432.
  • Platinum Plaza Shopping centre (Торгово-офісний центр Платінум Плаза), Sumskaya str., 72 (Universytet (Університет) station),   +380 57 719-9887, +380 50 301-6566.
  • Stekliashka Shopping centre (Торговий центр Стекляшка), Sumskaya str., 41 (Universytet (Університет) station),   +380 57 715-7912
  • Klochkovskyy Shopping centre (Торгівельний центр Клочківській), Klochkovskaya str 104A (M: Derzhprom( Держпром) station),  +380 57 705-4686.
  • Don Mare Supermarket (Рибний супермаркет Дон Маре), Klochkovskaya str., 134B, 1 st Floor (M: Derzhprom( Держпром) station),  +380 57 766-1885. Chilled fish, frozen fish, caviar, shrimp, squid and mussels in great variety.
  • Moskovs'kyi Shopping centre (Універмаг Московський), Traktorostroitelei ave., 156/41 (M2: Heroiv Pratsi (Героїв Праці) is a station), +380 57 266-0698.
  • ATB Grocery (Супермаркет АТБ), Geroev Truda str., 6 (M: Geroev Pratsi).
  • Joker Shopping centre (Торгівельний центр "Джокер"), Geroev Truda str., 14 (M: Geroev Pratsi). 
  • Target Shopping centre (Торговий центр Shop Target), avlova Akademika str., 120, (M2: Akademika Pavlova ( Академіка Павлова) station), +380 57 710-4040, +380 57 768-0634. There is also a pharmacy
  • Barabashovo Market (Рынок Барабашово), Vul. Amurska (Амурська вул.) (M2: Akademika Barabashova ( Академіка Барабашова) station).
  • Digma Supermarket (Супермаркет Дигма), Pavlova Akademika str., 305/307 (M2: Studentska ( Студентська) station),  +380 57 759-1579.
  • Rost Grocery (Супермаркет "Рост"), Shevchenko str., 142A (M2: Kievka station),  +380 57 730-6520.
  • Kievskiy Market (Рынок "Киевский), Shevchenko str., 142 (M2: Kievka station).
  • '74' Shopping centre (Торговий центр 74), Pushkinskaya str., 74 (M2: Pushkinska station), +380 57 719-3305.
  • Brusnichka Grocery (Фрешмаркет "Брусничка"), Artema str., 42(M2: Pushkinska station).
  • Karavan MegastoreУЛ. ГЕРОЕВ ТРУДА, 7 (metro Geroev Truda),  +380 57 760-2163. 10:00-22:00.
  • ATB supermarket (Супермаркет "АТБ"), Pobedy ave, 61 (M3: Oleksiivska ( Олексіївська) station, North , next to Oleksiivs'kyi Shopping centre).
  • Atrium Shopping centre (Торгівельний центр Атріум), Sumskaya, 102(Tram 12),   +380 57 715-7018.
  • Oleksiivs'kyi Shopping centre (Торговий центр "Алексеевский"), Pobedy ave., 62 (M3: Oleksiivska ( Олексіївська) station),   +380 57 336-9650.
  • Olekseevskiy Market (Рынок "Алексеевский"), Aksharova (Ахсарова вул) (M3: Oleksiivska).
  • Klass Shopping centre (Торговий центр "Класс"), Liudvika Svobody ave., 43 (M3: Oleksiivska ( Олексіївська) station),   +380 57 773-2469.
  • Na Pavlovomu Poli Shopping centre (Торговий дім "На Павловом Поле"), Lenina ave., 41 (M3: 23 Serpina ( 23 Серпня) station, Next to Church of the Nativity of Christ and of the St. Sergius),  +380 57 717-6840.
  • Express Shopping centre (Торгово-розважальний центр EXPRESS), Lenina ave., 43 (M3: 23 Serpina ( 23 Серпня) station),  +380 57 754-4594. An entertaining complex
  • Prizma Shopping centre (Торговий центр PRISMA), Lenina ave., 7V(M3: Naukova (Наукова)),   +380 57 757-5113.
  • Dvizhenie Shopping centre (Торговий центр Движение), Otakara Yarosha str., 18D (M3: Botanichnyi Sad),   +380 57 784-1884.
  • Spar Supermarket (Супермаркет Spar), Gonchara Olesya str., 2(Tram 12 to Gorky Park),   +380 57 752-4281.

Restaurants

  • Ice World (Sladkiy mir) Confectionery Cafe (Кафе-кондитерская "Сладкий мир"), Kooperativnaya str., 6+380 57 771-0104.
  • Familia14-A Skrypnika (In the heart of old Kharkiv),  +38 057 760 15 06, toll-free: +38 095 455 93 96, e-mail: .11:00-23:00. The menu is a unique take on French, Italian and Ukrainian cuisine, complemented by the restaurant’s wine list. The restaurant touts its fresh and high-quality ingredients and good service.
  • Adriano (Адриано), Petrovskogo st., 35-А (metro Pushkinskaya),  +380 57 700-4892. 11:00-23:00. Not bad pizza chain, the cozy atmosphere is guaranteed, but there are 2 more cafes on prospekt Traktorostroiteley, 59/56 and on Pushkinskaya st. 79/1. Budget.
  • Buharaг. Харьков, ул. Пушкинская, 32 (metro Architektora Beketova),   +380 57 716-2045. 12-00. $30-100.
  • FortunaKultury str. 6 entrance from Trinklera str+380 57 702-17-72. You will be surprised by the interior (very soviet "Stolovka" style!) But the food is really really great and cheap. Traditional Ukrainian cuisine. You should try soups: borsch, solyanka, okroshka (cold soup), pelmeni, fried eggs with salo.
  • Dom Khleba (Bread House) Confectionery (Кафе-кондитерская "Дом Хлеба"), Liudvika Svobody ave., 35 (M3: Oleksiivska station),  +380 57 336-9882
  • Biskvit Confectionery (Кафе-кондитерская Бисквит), Danilevskogo str., 10 (Derzhprom( Держпром) station),   +380 57 705-1104
  • ParisPetrovskogo st. 30/32. A great place for people who like desserts, to go on a date or just want to relax in a cozy atmosphere to enjoy fondue. It is amazingly popular; sometimes it is not easy to find a seat there. They have just opened their own theatre where French films or performances takes place every evening.
  • Puzata Khata (Пузата хата), Sums'ka st. 2,   +380 44 3914699.08:00-23:00. It is very popular with locals for low prices and quick service. The food here is usually great and cheap, mostly traditional Ukrainian dishes. Being a huge place it is always quite busy. You will be completely full for $6 per person there.
  • Zhili-byli Fast Food restaurant (Ресторан Жили-были), Sumskaya str., 37/1 (Universytet (Університет) station),  +380 57 717-2003

Coffe & Drink

Buy beer from a kiosk and sit and drink in Schevchenko Park. It's what everybody does. Be aware that now if you drink beer in the Park you have the possibility to be fined by local police.

  • Coffee life (Кав'ярня "Coffee life), Konstitutsii sq., 3 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya),   +380 67 566-7519. 08:00-23:00?. Wi-Fi
  • Coffee lifePushkinskaya 43,   +380 67 4835948. 08:00-23:00.Named as the first Starbucks in Kharkiv, this place is open from 8 o'clock in the morning what is quite unusual in Ukraine and offers free WiFi. It is extremely popular with Kharkiv expats, a nice place to visit, have a drink and browse the net.
  • Gelios Cafe (Центр відпочинку Gelios), Akhsarova str., 9A (M3: Oleksiivska ( Олексіївська) station, next to Alekseevskiy Market),  +380 57 338-1010, +57 338-7494. Bar, Restaurant, tavern
  • Pintagon Cafe (Арт-клуб "Pintagon), Danilevskogo str., 26(Derzhprom( Держпром) station),   +380 57 701-4008. It is a cafe bar with Wi-Fi

Sights & Landmarks


Religious buildings

  • Church of the Peter and Paul (Церковь Петра и Павла), Shevchenko str., 121 (M2: Kyivska ( Київська) station). Opened in 1866, built in Russian-Byzantine style. Stone temple with dome. Restored to 130-year anniversary, in 1996.
  • Annunciation Cathedral(Blagoveschensky Church, Кафедральный собор Благовещения Пресвятой Богородицы (1888-1901)), Karla Marksa sq.. Main Orthodox church of Kharkiv, built and consecrated at the turn of 20th century.
  • Choral Synagogue(Хоральна синагога), Pushkinska 12 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station). The largest synagogue in Ukraine, today a centre of Jewish culture and life. 1912. building relegated deeper into a site on the grounds that it was necessary to measure the distance of 100 yards (213 meters) from the Orthodox Nicholas Church. It housed The Jewish workers' club named the Third International, 1941 - Children's Theater, later the building was voluntary sports organizations, "Spartacus." Since 1990 transferred to the Jewish community of the city. After a fire in 1998 the building was renovated and opened in 2003
  • Church of the Nativity of Christ and of the St. Sergius of Radonezh (Церковь Рождества Христова и Сергия Радонежского), Lenina ave, 65а (N 5km - M3: 23 Serpina ( 23 Серпня) station). 1998 was laid and consecrated stone of a new temple in honor of 2000 years of Christmas in the name of St. Sergius Radonez. January 17, 1999 was consecrated
  • Holy Protection of the Virgin monastery (Свято-Покровський монастир), 8 Universytetska St (In centre - M Radianska). Built in begin 17th-end 19th century, the oldest stone construction in Kharkiv and a monument of architecture of national significance. Ukrainian Baroque combined with Roman and Old-Russian motifs. Founded by the Cossacks, the Cathedral was erected in 1689 as part of the fortifications. The complex include: Ozeryanska church, 1896 designed as a basilica with high, narrow windows and its thick stone walls prove it was part of the city’s defensive fortifications, inside a copy of an miracle-working icon of Our Lady of Ozeriana what found in the Village of Ozeriana not far from Kharkiv in the mid-17th century; the Defense tower-bell tower, 1689; the Protection of the Virgin cathedral, 1689, in ukrainian baroque style; the Bishop's house, 1820-1826, classicism style; the Seminary , 1912. In the 18th century here was the home for Kharkiv College. Being an educational institution of Kiev-Mohyla Academy type, it trained students for religious and various secular activities. - The Eparch’s House(1826), now the diocesan administration, a complex with monks cells. - Part of it:
    • The Assumption or Dormition Cathedral (Успенський собор), Kvitky-Osnov'yanenka (вул.Квітки-Основ'яненка), 2 (M Radianska). Orthodox church rebuilt several times, first in 1770's, currently baroque. The bell tower was the tallest building in the city until the 21st century, 1821-1844, in classicism style.
    • Cathedral of the Most Holy Mother of God (Pokrovsky Cathedral, Собор Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы), Universitetskaya str., 10 (Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station). built by Cossacks outside of those limits fortress, near its northern wall in 1689 - instead of wooden Protection Church (known since 1659)
    • Dormition or Assumption Cathedral (Успенский собор), Universitetskaya str., 11 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station). built in 1646 and was originally made of wood, and in 1685 was rebuilt in stone. In 1773 the temple was burned during the great fire. In the modern form of the Assumption Cathedral with a bell tower - a monument of national importance was built in 1821-1844 years the means of the clergy and Kharkov in honor of the victory in the war of 1812. The church boasted a gilded icon screen, carved from limewood to Rastrelli's Rococo design.The free-standing Alexander Bell Tower was built in the aftermath of Napoleon's expulsion from Russia "to express the people's gratitude to Alexander I". It used to be the second tallest building in Ukraine after the Great Lavra Bell Tower. The seat of the local bishop was moved from the older Intercession Cathedral to the Dormition Church in 1846. A large French clock was installed in the bell tower in 1856. The belfry damaged by a tornado in 1975. Restored in the late 1970s and reverted to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in 2006. A Rieger–Kloss organ installed in the building back in 1986.
  • Ozeryanska church on Kholodna hill (Озерянська церква на Холодній горі), Poltavskyi shlyakh 124 (M 'Kholodna Hora'). - Built in 1892-1901, in Russian-byzantine style.
  • Church of the St. Panteleimon (Церковь Святого Пантелеймона Целителя), 94-94A Klochkivs'ka (M: Derzhprom( Держпром) station, 15 min walk). Church found in 1882, in 1883 were ready to wall, roof and belfry. The first service began in 1885. It s made in Russian-Byzantine style. In 1897-18 reconstructed. The Church adorned the facade of decorative details, what gave to the church a festive look. In 1930 dismantled tower with a cupola, decorative turrets. Domed bell tower was stripped cross. The last restoration work completed in 1999.
  • Church of St. John the Baptist (Церковь Усекновения главы Иоанна Предтечи), Artema str., 50A (M2: Pushkinska - Molodozh Park).Built in the Russian-Byzantine style, in 1845. Since 1857 used as a parish temple. In 1853 the dome of this temple collapsed. Restoration completed in 1857. The temple built in the tradition of old Russian architecture. The plan is an cross-dome church.
  • Cathedral of Uspeniya Virgin Mary (Собор Успения Приснодевы Марии), Gogolya str 4 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station). First Catholic cathedral built in 1887-92. It has a high bell tower of the Gothic spire and round-socket window in the second tier. In 1901 when the church operated as a hospice, later it was a home for orphans, parish school.
  • Trinity Church, the Life-giving (Церковь Троицы Живоначальной), Dubovogo Ivana ln., 3 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya). 1700's already existed. The first church was wooden, in 1764 rebuilt on stone. The new church was small, three cupolas, one of them with extension, which named the "Little Church" rather than the main house - the "Great Church". Belfry topped with an angel. In 1850's was decided to build a new temple - with a separate bell tower. After the revolution a long time in building the temple housed the bakery, and only in 1992 it returned to the faith service.

Other

  • Monument of a soccer ball on the Walk of Fame (Памятник футбольному мячу), Sports Garden Shevchenko (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station - East of ZOO). On the pedestal of black granite on the initiative of the Kharkiv FC Metalist a monument soccer ball.
  • Monument of Kotsiubins'kyi (Памятник Коцюбинскому), Mar'yanenko Ln (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei - Str. Pushkinska ~28). It is a polished black granite of a bronze bust of the famous Ukrainian writer Michael Kotsubynsky. Inaugurated in 1929 at the trade union garden (now Shevchenko Garden). T Later, the monument would be moved to park at the corner of Pushkin and Chernyshevsky streets. In 1957 at the same place opened a new monument to Mikhail Kotsiubynsky.
  • Commissariat store Monument Building (Провиантский магазин), Mar'yanenko ln., 4 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei). This two-story stone building, built in the years 1785-1787 by the architect P. Yaroslavsky in classic style
  • Freedom Square (Ukrainian: Площа Свободи, Plóshcha Svobodý; Russian: Площадь Свободы, Plóshchad' Svobódy), Freedom Square(Derzhprom( Держпром) station). It is the 6-th largest city-centre square in Europe. Originally named (1926–1996) Dzerzhinsky Square after Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police (the Cheka, precursor to the KGB). Since 1991 it has been named Freedom Square. During the brief German occupation: in 1942 named as German Army, and in 1943 - Leibstandard SS Square. The square used to be bordered to the west by the statue of Lenin, but it was removed in September 2014; to the east by Sumska street; to the north by the hotel Kharkiv; and to the south by Shevchenko park. It is approximately 720 metres long and 105 metres wide. An interesting landmark of the square is theDerzhprom building, one of the prime examples of Constructivist architecture. The Queen + Paul Rodgers kicked off their Rock the Cosmos Tour at Freedom Square on September 12, 2008 and gathered an audience of 350,000.
  • House of State industry (Gosprom) (Дом Государственной промышленности (Госпром)), Svobody sq., 4 (M2 Derzhprom( Держпром) station). About the Gosprom complex, F. Dzerzhinskogo was the idea, becoming the kernel of new administrative center of Kharkov, the capital of Ukraine. It was the first height reinforce-concrete building in the USSR. The real-estate of apartments makes 6 ha. Building is planned by Leningrad architects in fashionable and front-rank then style of constructivism. Building was complete in record terms - for 3 years. In 1934 the Advice of Folk Commissars of Ukraine took place here. In 1955 got the first in the USSR televisional tower in 45 m high. Now regional authorities, offices of great number of firms, take place in building. At No.5 entrance is a museum of about Gosprom.
  • Memorial of soldiers killed in the Donbas War4 Svobody sq.(M2 Derzhprom( Держпром) station). There used to be a large statue of Lenin here, but in September 2014, it was toppled by protesters given its significance as a symbol of Soviet occupation. Because of Ukrainian decommunization laws it will not be rebuilt and there are plans for a new alternative centre monument. In its place there is currently a memorial to soldiers from Kharkiv killed in action in the Donbas War.
  • Kharkiv Underways. Existed under the City of Kharkiv still more than 355 years ago. Some source said the underpasses age going back to the pre-Mongolian period, 10th–12th centuries. Which means theseare actually of the same age with the Kievan Rus. In 1913–1914 a special commission of the City Council officially studied the underpasses found during the construction of the city sewage system. The teodolite survey and photographs of the underground cavities were made. The Commission studied all the underpasses,the existence of which was known then: both those just found and those which had already been used for a long time by enterprising merchants for storing various goods: textiles,wines and food. They explored underground galleries, rooms, passes and made up a preliminary description of what they saw. - The NKVD-KGB secret police carefully recorded and placed on the secret list all the documents on the underpasses, especially after 1956 when a secret order on the underground caves, passes, shelters, etc. was issued, as the Soviet Union started to prepare bombshelters in case of the nuclear war. Now some of these records kept at the Korolenko Scientific Library. In 1990's it became an object of the study by Kharkiv Speleological Club “Variant-95”. Finally in 2005 on the title 'The Mysteries of the Underground Kharkiv' was published, which provided all the information available at that time. Maybe very soon, not only the researchers and scientists, but all numerous tourists and the Kharkovites themselves will have a chance to experience the mystery of the underpasses.
  • Kharkiv State Academy of Arts and Design (Харьковская государственная академия дизайна и искусств), Krasnoznamennaya str.(Червонопрапорна вул), 8 (M3: Architectora Beketova),  +380 57 720-2320. - The building was constructed for the School of Art in 1913. Made by architect Konstantin Zhukov in the style of Ukrainian modernism, with motifs of folk architecture: pictorial forms of tile roofs. The main entrance in the form of a massive covered porch, colorful majolica panels that adorn the facade.
  • Monument of Artem (Памятник Артему), Artema str. 44 (M2: Pushkinska). Fedor Andreevich Sergeev, better known as tovarisch,- means camarade,- Artem in the Soviet period, usually written as Artem (Sergeyev), (7 March 1883 - July 24, 1921). - He 's an Russian revolutionist, Ukrainian and Soviet politician since 1901, the founder of Donetsk-Krivoy Rog republic, a close friend of Sergei Kirov and Joseph Stalin. Former here was a bust of Dokuchaev.
  • Pitre Villa (Доходный дом Питры), Chernyshevskogo str., 66/21(M2: Pushkinska). - built in 1914. An apartment house with spire decorated angle bay window & tall decorative curling roofs - vivid details of an romantic version of Art Nouveau.
  • Piskunov Apartment house (Доходный дом), Pushkinskaya str., 92/1 (M2: Pushkinska). Just outside. At the corner of Pushkin and Lermontov is one of the most interesting buildings in Kharkov in the Art Nouveau style, built in 1913.
  • House with chimeras (Дом с химерами), Chernyshevskogo str., 79 (M2: Pushkinska). This is an architectural monument in Kharkiv in modern style with elements of English Gothic. Since 1980, this building was assigned to the theater faculty of the Institute of Arts Kotlyarevskogo. A few years restoring the building, students took active part in that. Sculptural elements of the building, except knight emblems, chimeras, salamanders, and wolves.
  • Zalopan fire station (Залопанська пожежна частина), Vul. Poltavskyi Shlyakh; (вул.Полтавський шлях), 50; Vul. Malinovskogo (вул.Маліновського), 1 (M «Южный вокзал» 200m). 170 years old.
  • T.G.Shevchenko Drama Theatre (драматичний театр ім.Т.Г.Шевченка), Vul. Sums'ka, (вул.Сумська) 9 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei).Built more 170 years ago, rebuilt in 1893.
  • A 'Mark V' type British tank, "Ricardo" (Aнглійський танк Mark V "Рікардо"), Konstytutsii sq.(пл.Конституції). - A local favourite, from WW1. A donation from British government to the "whites", to the Tsarist force in the Russian Revolution.
  • Kharkiv Zoo (Зоопарк), Sums'ka 35 (Metro station Universytet),  +380 57 705-4490. 08:00-20:00. Kharkiv Zoo is one of the biggest and most famous in Ukraine. It’s located in the very centre of the city in Shevchenko Park. This zoo occupies a large area of 22 hectares. Adults - 30UAH, children 5-13 - 10UAH, children younger than 5 - free.
  • Children's railway (Детская железная дорога), Park Gorkogo (Сумська вулиця), ~81 (Trams 13 and 22, trolleybuses 2 and 40 to stop Detskaya zheleznaya doroga). Works from May, 1 till October, 31. Length of the road - 3km.
  • V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University (Харківський національний університет ім.В.Н.Каразіна), Universytetska st. 14 (вул.Університетська) (M Radianska). The Complex parts is: the governors house, 1767-76, classicism style; the University church with new building (1823-31); the Building of chemistry department (1777) ; the Building of physics department (1777) ; The main gate, 1820-23; the University botanical garden founded 1804.
  • Provincial warehouseChernyshevs'kogo (вул.Чернишевського), 1 (M 'Beketova'). From the 1780's.
  • Manor House (Cадибний будинок), Chernyshevs'kogo (Чернишевського вул), 14 (M 'Beketova'). 1810's
  • Mansion (Cадибний будинок), Dmytrivska, (вул.Дмитрівська) 14 (Tram 3, 5, 6 'Dmytriivska St'). Built about in 1800
  • Executive Committee of the City State administration (Kharkiv city council, Міськвиконком), Konstitutsii sq. (площа Конституції), 7 (M1: Radyanska), +380 57 731-5905
  • 1st high school for boys (1-а чоловіча гімназія), Prosp. Moskovskyi (пр.Московський), 24. Built in 1820's.
  • 4th Blok gallery (Музей-галерея 4-й Блок), Svetlaya str., 1 (M2: Studentska ( Студентська), the nearest station, 2km away),  +380 57 364-4276. Such a museum in Ukraine was to appear much earlier, and probably somewhere close to Chernobyl. - It is an exhibit about the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident. Here hold the first international exhibition whoose the title is "4th Block". The event (it was sent to the designers of the 21 countries of the world) was so successful that the artists decided to hold a similar exhibition in Kharkov every three years.
  • Radmir Expohall Exhibition center (Презентаційно-виставковий центр Радмир Експохол), Pavlova Akademika str., 271,  +380 57 717-6189, +380 57 758-8161

Further afield

  • Sviatohirs'k (Saint or Holy Mountain, Святогірськ) (about 165km SW). village. There is a beautiful monastery complex, the Sviato-Uspens'ka Lavra, Cave Monastery, on the river Seversky Donets south bank, built in 1526. Superb environments, touristic place which means you'll find lots of accommodations. One of the most hidden gem of the all country.
  • Sharivka (смт.Шарівка) (Bogodukhiv district, 70km West). Palace and park complex. Same part of it: the palace main building, (1800's-1911), gothic and renaissance style, the guard and the gardeners house, (1910) in french renaissance; the house of estate manager, (1910) ; forestry officers house, 1910; the landscape park, (1850's), proudness of the earlier is the 500-years-old oak, 1520's; a fountain, front staircase and terraces, a small bridge, (19th century), the outer iron gate, the greenhouse, the pheasantry, the coach-house, a garden pavilion
  • Gyivka (West 20km.). - Visit the country estate of duke Svyatopolk-Myrskyi, built in 1815-1870, neo-gothic, romanticism. It is valid a small detour if you are in neighbourhood. Also there is the 170 years old, St.Nicolas church,

Museums & Galleries

  • Maestro art gallery (Художественная галерея Маэстро), Sumskaya str., 25 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station). Since 1997 the Gallery actively promotes the art of theater, because along with paintings and drawings in the "Maestro" exhibitions devoted to the theater, arts and crafts, photos.
  • Kosmos & UFO museum (Музей уфологии и космонавтики Космос.), Kravtsova ln., 15 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei), +380 57 705-0019. - Information about the anomalous zones of the planet, the earthlings messages to other civilizations, meteorites, astronomical data on the possibility of life on other worlds, the observations of pilots and astronauts, pictures of NASA. Human space flight and launch of spacecraft.
  • History Museum (Исторический музей), Universitetskaya str., 5(M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station), +380 57 731-3568. Founded in 1920 as the Museum of Sloboda Ukraine Skovorody, in former pawnshop building, built in 1908. There archaeological finds from excavations of Bronze Age settlements, set things from Donetsk county from Old Ruthenian period, 11-12th century. Also there exhibits of coins, ethnographical material, collection of weapons, flags and so on. Outdoors exposed tanks Mark V (used British during the First World War) a T-34 and three guns (Soviet Union during the Second World War).
  • Police History Museum (Музей истории органов внутренних дел Харьковщины), Radnarkomivskaya str., 13 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova station),  +380 57 705-9655. Raised in 1996, on 360 square meters area, in three rooms of the Palace of culture police. Largest - Memorial Hall, the other two - Hall of memory of the fallen police officers and the Hall of the Great Patriotic War. The visitor has the opportunity to view old photographs of police officers who carried the severe service in law enforcement, archival documents, newspaper clippings, awards of the 21th century. Particularly attention is drawn medal "For service without blemish", "With diligence" and the like. Presented guards uniform enforcement of different times, samples of weapons, reports, statements.
  • Dom Khudozhnika Exhibit Center (Выставочный центр Дом художника), Darvina str., 11 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova ( Архітектора Бекетова) station), +380 57 706-1401. House of artist now. It was the mansion of the English consul, Charles Blekki. In building, reminding the English out-of-town cottage, since 1934 it was a hotel for foreigners. Artistic exhibitions are here conducted today.
  • Vasylkivskyi City Art gallery (Міська художня галерея ім. С. Васильківського), Chernyshevskogo str., 15 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova ( Архітектора Бекетова) station), +380 57 706-1620
  • AS art gallery (Галерея современного искусства"АС"), Chernyshevskogo str.,13 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova ( Архітектора Бекетова) station), +380 57 766-1177.
  • Museum of Folk Art Slobozhanshchina (Mузей народного мистецтва Слобожанщини), Chernyshevskogo str., 18/9 & Sovnarkomovskaya str., 9 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova ( Архітектора Бекетова) station),  +380 57 706-3396. Founded in 1991. The collection housed in a building constructed by the architect Alexey Beketov, in the late 19th century. There are about two thousand exhibits reflecting the history and basic directions of the folk art of our region. The highlight is the embroidery. Here are the towels and shirts of 19th century. A special delight is embroidered with white on white. In addition to products made of clay, straw, wicker, wood, beads. The museum shows the annual series of exhibitions from works by modern masters.
  • AVEK Gallery (Галерея АВЭК), Sumskaya str. (ул. Сумская), 70(Universytet (Університет) station), +380 57 712-0383. Daily 10.00-22.00. - a leading non-governmental exhibition area of Kharkov. Yearly visited by a million people. In the gallery, "AVEC" repeatedly exhibited their work the best masters of Kharkov. A special place is occupied by the project "Intercultural Dialogue".
  • Literature Museum (Литературный музей), Frunze str.,6(Pushkinska station), +380 57 706-2580. Founded in 1988. The staff of the museum conducts research, research and educational work on the reconstruction of literary history Slobozhanshchina (Kharkiv region). There are more than 30 thousand exhibits, contains a unique manuscripts, photos, documents, autographs, memorabilia of many other cultural figures. Based on these ekspanatov team created dozens of museum exhibitions that have received high marks in Ukraine and abroad. Here operate children's clubs and Theatre-Studio Arabesques.
  • Museum of Nature, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Sloboda Ukraine (Музей природы, Музей археології та етнографії Слобідської України), Trinklera str., 8 (Derzhprom( Держпром) station), +380 57 705-1242. In 23 halls, 4 thousand m², more than 250,000 artifacts can see the collection of archaeological finds relating to the Bronze Age, the Scythian period, antiquity, chernyakhivska Saltov and cultures, as well as items collected during ethnographic expeditions in Sloboda Region (around Kharkiv). There are stuffed animals and carcasses, skulls, skeletons, eggs, birds, wet and dry preparations of various animals, insects, specimens of rocks and minerals, fossils and skeletons, plaster casts, plaster casts of extinct animals. - At the Kharkiv National University. In 1807 the university was created by Cabinet of Antiquities, in the that year received the artifacts from Olbia and Voronezh. The collection is enriched slowly and sporadically, mostly through donations. Excavations carried out at this time findings of these expeditions, as well as from private collections of antiquities were presented, the majority of these items went-to the Museum of Fine Arts and Antiquities. This collection based the establishing in 1919, the Archaeological Museum. A collection of the Archaeological Museum has grown to nearly 200 thousand exhibits. The museum and numismatic collection contain about 40 thousand coins and medals.
  • Museum of Holocaust (Музей холокоста), Petrovskogo str., 28(M2: Pushkinska),  +380 57 714-0959. This is an unique museum in Ukraine, with the theme of persecution of Jews during World War II. It presents documents of the first ever trial of Nazi war criminals, held in 1943 on the premises of the Kharkiv Opera Theater (now Kharkiv Philharmonic), as well as materials on the uprising by the prisoners at death camps and photos of Kharkiv residents killed by Nazis. The exhibition includes leaflets, posters and orders for various actions against Jews in Ukraine. It perpetuates the names of the '52 Righteous' - locals, who risked their lives saving Jews during the war.
  • The house-museum of the Hryzodubovy family (Дом-музей семьи Гризодубовых), Mironositskaya str., 54V (M2: Pushkinska), +380 57 717-9812. Stephen V. Hryzodubovy was an inventor and self-taught pilot. His daughter Valentina Hryzodubovy - the first woman awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. 24–25 September 1938, she was commander of the crew An-37 "Motherland", which made a nonstop flight Moscow - Far East (pos. Kirby, Khabarovsk Region), setting the women's world distance record: 6,450km in 26h 29min. In the museum are more than 2,000 exhibits related to the life and work Hryzodubovy and design engineer P.G. Benynha, who's the first director and chief designer of the Kharkov Aviation Plant 1926-1934.
  • Slavianskiy Bazar Exhibition center/Student Palace(Экспоцентр Славянский Базар), Pushkinskaya str., 79 (Metro 'Pushkinska' or Tram 26 to 'Pushkinska St'), +380 57 719-2560, +380 57 756-5143.
  • Museum of World Sexual Cultures (Музей сексуальных культур Мира), Mironositskaya str., 81A entrance at Maiakovka 5( Мироносицкая, вход с Маяковского (M:Pushkinska),  +380 57 715-6315. 11.00–19.00. Crrated by the department of sexology and medical psychology of Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education. The collection include materials on sexual cultures of the peoples of Europe, Africa, America, India, China and Japan from ancient times until today.UAH20–30.
  • Museum of Puppet Theater (Музей театральних ляльок), Konstitutsii sq., 24 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station),+380 57 731-1224. This type museum is the oldest in Ukraine, according to the riches collected and stored in its archives exhibition of materials throughout the former Soviet Union. In 1954 the Museum was opened, which began as a small exhibition of dolls from the performances of the City theater. The building, where located today was a former bank, built in 1907. There are on the third floor three large exhibition halls. The museum has exhibits of the Soviet republics, Poland, Bulgaria, East Germany (GDR), USA, Canada, Belgium, France and other countries.
  • Paintings Gallery or Galereia na Pletnevskom (Kартинная Галерея на Плетневском), Pletnevskii ln., 2 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya N 0.5km),  +380 57 731-5898.
  • Kostiuryns'kyi provulok City Gallery (Галерея сучасного образотворчого мистецтва "Костюринський провулок"), Lane Kostiurinskii, 1 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya N 0.6km),  +380 57 731-2544. Soviet underground art exhibits.

Things to do

  • Shevchenko City garden (Городской сад им. Т.Г.Шевченко), Sumskaya str., 35 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei),  +380 57 700-3797. Garden Shevchenko joins one of the oldest streets in the city with the largest area in Europe. More than 200 years ago this area was the outskirts of Kharkov. The garden was laid out in 1804. Here was an existing natural oak grove. On the upper terrace is a landscape park, at the bottom will find a botanical garden.
  • Nemo delphinarium (Харківський міський дельфінарій Немо), Sumskaya str., 35 (In Shevchenko Garden, M2 Istorychnyi Myzei),  +380 57 700-9400
  • Shevchenko Drama Theatre (Український драматичний театр ім.Шевченка Т.Г), Sumskaya str., 9,  +380 57 705-1366. Created in 1934. In 1947 the theater was awarded the status of "academic"
  • Arabeski Theater (Театр-студия "Арабески"), Frunze str., 6,  +380 57 706-2579
  • DADA Theater (Театр "ДАДА"), Frunze str.,  +380 57 700-2013.
  • Nova stsena Theater (Театр "Нова сцена"), Krasina str., 3+380 57 706-3131, +380 57 700-5964
  • Jewish Theatre (Камерний єврейський театр), Skripnika str., 9 (M: Arkhitektora Beketova), +380 57 714-3679.
  • Zhuravlovskyi hydropark Beach (Пляж Журавлевский гидропарк) (W 1.5km Tram 16, 26 to Sosnovyi Bor stop).
  • Karavan Megastore Shopping centre, Entertaining complex(Торгово-розважальний центр Караван), Geroev Truda str., 7 (M2: Heroiv Pratsi (Героїв Праці) station),  +380 57 760-2163, +380 57 760-2164
  • Pari-Komik Theater (Театр Пари-Комик), Petrovskogo str., 32 (M2: Pushkinska (Пушкінська) station),  +380 57 758-7497.
  • Venskii Dom Entertaining complex (Развлекательный центр Венский Дом), Lermontovskaya str., 8 (M2: Puskinska),  +380 57 704-3774.
  • Marine Club (SPA-комплекс Marine Club), Lermontovskaya str., 7(M2: Puskinska),  +380 57 704-1373, +380 57 714-3875. Spa. Swimming pool. Fitness.
  • Kharkov Opera and Ballet Theatre24 Sumskaya St (M2: Universitet), +380 57 247-3043.
  • Maxim Gorky Central Park (Парк культури і відпочинку «Максим Горький»), Bordered by Vesnina, Sumy, Dynamo and Novgorod streets(tram 12 to Park Horkogo stop). Over 130 hectares of land. Opened in 1907. Now it is one of the main recreation hubs of the city. Here are held mass celebrations and festivities. There is an amusement park, the "Park" movie theatre, a children's railway, cable railway, tennis courts and others.
  • Pioner Swimming pool (Басейн Піонер), Dinamovskaya str., 5A (Near to the Gorky Park),  +380 57 702153.
  • Zirka Swimming pool (Спорткомплекс Зірка), Dinamovskaya str., 3A(Near to the Gorky Park, take tram 12),  +380 57 243-4145.
  • Philharmonic hall (Филармония), Rymarskaya str., 21 (M2 Istorychnyi Myzei (Історичний музей) station),  +380 57 705-0847.
  • Afanas'yev puppet theater (Обласний театр ляльок ім В. Афанасьєва), Konstitutsii sq., 24 (M1: Radianska or Sovetskaya (Радянська; Советская) station),  +380 57 731-1395.

Festivals and events

  • New Year’s Eve (December 31–January 1). Locals go out to dancing in Svobody Square, fire squibs and launch fire works. Christmas Trees are installed in many neighbourhoods of the city, but the one in Svobody Square is certainly the most beautiful and impressive.
  • Shrovetide or Carnival (it is an ancient Slavic holiday of seeing the winter off). This holiday usually occurs in late February — early March. This is the time for openair merrymaking in the Gorky Park, Shevchenko Gardens and in Svobody Square.
  • End of March, Kharkiv held the Za Jazz Fest what is a jazz festival on a variety of locations. At that time showing performances of world-famous musicians and young rising stars from many countries.
  • May 1, the International Workers’ Day. Locals spend these spring days out of town,having picnics with family and friends.
  • Victory Day, May 9, an openair exhibition of the WW II military equipment takes place. A solemn procession of veterans marches down Sumska Street to the Memorial of Glory in Lissopark (Woodland Park).
  • In mid July, there is the Pechenizke Pole (The Pecheneg Field) Ethnic Festival on the bank of Pecheneg Lake.
  • In Kharkiv City birthday on August 23 are especially festive and jolly. On this day, sports competitions and concerts are in Svobody Square, Konstytutsii Square and in the city gardens and parks.
  • The Independence Day is on August 24. This is the day for ceremonial laying of flowers to the Monuments of Independence of Ukraine, and finished with amazingly beautiful fireworks over Svobody Square.
  • In September take a big sci-fi festival, called Zirkovy mist (Star Bridge) caming here fans of this genre from many countries of the world.
  • The Kharkiv Assemblies International Music Festival organised in September. Peoples can enjoy musical masterpieces of the past.
  • Several weeks before the New Year is one of the most favorite holiday is the Christmas. The city is decorated with festive street lights, and the major Christmas Tree of the city is put on Svobody Square.

Nightlife


Beer bars

Safety in Kharkiv

Stay Safe

High / 7.3

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Mid. / 4.0

Safety (Walking alone - night)

Ukraine - Travel guide

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