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Lviv, the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh largest city in the country overall, is one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. Named in honor of the Leo, the eldest son of Rus' King Daniel of Galicia. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia(also called Kingdom of Rus') from 1272 to 1349 when was conquered by King Casimir III the Great who then became known as the King of Poland and Rus'. From 1434, it was the regional capital of the Ruthenian Voivodeship in the Kingdom of Poland, then renamed Lemberg in 1772 as the capital of the Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. In 1918 in a short time was the capital of the West Ukrainian People's Republic. Between the wars, the city was known as Lwów and was the centre of the Lwów Voivodeship in the Second Polish Republic. After the Second World War, it became part of the Soviet Union (Ukrainian SSR) and in 1991 of independent Ukraine. Administratively, Lviv serves as the administrative center of Lviv Oblast and has the status of city of oblast significance. Its population is 728,350 (2016 est.)
Lviv was the centre of the historical region of Galicia. The historical heart of the city, with its old buildings and cobblestone streets, survived Soviet and German occupations during the Second World War largely unscathed. The city has many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. Lviv is also a home to many world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and the famous Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a son et lumière in the city centre in September 2006.
|FOUNDED :||Founded 1240–1247|
Magdeburg law 1356
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone EET (UTC+2)|
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
|LANGUAGE :||Ukrainian, Russian|
|RELIGION :||45% Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church|
31% Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate
5% Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
3% Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)
3% Other faiths
|AREA :||182.01 km2 (70.27 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||296 m (971 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||49°51′N 24°01′E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.5%|
• Female: 51.5%
|ETHNIC :||Ukrainians 88.1%, Russians 8.9%, Jews0.3%, Poles 0.9%, Others 0.5%|
|AREA CODE :||322|
|POSTAL CODE :||79000|
|DIALING CODE :||+380 32(2)|
Lviv (also spelled L'viv and Львів; Polish:Lwów, German: Lemberg, Russian: Lvov, Latin: Leopolis) is in Western Ukraine and used to be the capital of East Galicia. It's the biggest city of the region and a major Ukrainian cultural centre on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Lviv is one of the most important cultural centres of Ukraine. The city is known as a centre of art, literature, music and theatre. Nowadays, the indisputable evidences of the city cultural richness is a big number of theatres, concert halls, creative unions, and also high number of many artistic activities (more than 100 festivals annually, 60 museums, 10 theatres).
Due to the rich cultural programme, developed infrastructure (now Lviv has more than 8 000 hotel rooms, over 700 cafes and restaurants, free WI-Fi zones in the city centre, good connection with many countries of the world) Lviv is considered one of Ukraine's major tourist destinations. The city had a 40% increase in tourists in the early 2010s; the highest rate in Europe.
The city has a multicultural history but little of the evidence of this has survived until today. It was founded in 1256 by King Daniel of Galicia (Ukrainian: Король Данило Галицький - Korol' Danylo Galyckyy) and fell under Polish control in the 14th century. Poles, Jews, Ukrainians, Germans and others lived there together for centuries. This multicultural experience virtually came to an end during and after WWII. Germans, with the help of Ukrainian nationalists, killed most of the Jews (about one third of Lviv's population at that time) and, at the end and in the direct aftermath of the war, the Polish population (about 50% of the population) was first partly driven out by nationalist terror, then "repatriated" to Poland in its new borders by the Soviet government. The Polish and Jewish heritage is hardly preserved, but one can find some inscriptions on former shops in Polish, Yiddish and German.
In recent times, because of Lviv's proximity to Europe and openness to foreigners, the city's multicultural feel has experienced a resurgence. Even today, walking through the city centre, a traveller can hear Poles laughing and taking pictures of the beautiful old buildings, Germans walking through the city on guided tours, Ukrainian or Russian tourists and students joking about this or that, and American or British businessmen chatting in cafes. There is even a small Jewish community in the city. The many universities in Lviv attract students from every continent on the globe, and its old architecture draws tourists from various parts of the world, including Ukraine.
The Polish king John II Casimir founded the Lviv University in the 17th century and Lviv (known as Lwów) was by that time one of the most important cities in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, along with Kraków, Warsaw, Gdańsk and Vilnius.
In 1772 the city was taken by the Habsburgs and in Austrian times it was known asLemberg, the capital of Galicia. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, it was returned to Poland.
As a result of World War II, Stalin moved the Soviet frontier westward so Lviv became part of the USSR under the name Lvov (still widely used, even locally). With Ukrainian independence in 1991, the name was officially changed to Lviv (Львів).
Lviv is located in the most Ukrainian region of Ukraine. When it was a Soviet province, most signs were only in Ukrainian, and only a few also in Russian. Because of its Polish and Austro-Hungarian history, Lviv has a Central European flair in its architecture that makes it one of the most beautiful cities in Eastern Europe. Lviv has even been called "the capital of Ukrainian culture". The people there are very warm, although somewhat direct (which is very common in eastern Slavic cultures).
Since slightly before the Euro 2012 soccer tournament, the city has become more and more tourist-friendly. All downtown street signs are now in both Ukrainian and English, and the staff of the Information Center on Rynok Square speak many different languages. Maps, schedules of local events, and tourist guides can be obtained there for free in English, German, Polish, and Russian. There are even small information kiosks beside some monuments (small touch-screen TV's that offer maps and information about the city). Visiting Lviv is very rewarding for the pioneer traveller, as living is extremely cheap here and the place has a truly authentic feeling, unlike places like Kraków or Prague, which are swamped with tourists.
Archaeologists have demonstrated that the Lviv area was settled by the 5th century. This fact places this settlement within the territory of once powerful state of White Croatia. The area between the Castle Hill and the river Poltva was continuously settled since the 9th century. In 1977 it was discovered that the Orthodox church of St. Nicholas had been built on a previously functioning cemetery.
In 1261 the town was invaded by the Tatars. Various sources relate the events which range from destruction of the castle through to a complete razing of the town. All the sources agree that it was on the orders of the Mongol general Burundai. TheNaukove tovarystvo im. Shevchenka of the Shevchenko Scientific Society say that the order to raze the city was reduced by Burundai; the Galician-Volhynian chronicle states that in 1261 "Said Buronda to Vasylko: 'Since you are at peace with me then raze all your castles'". Basil Dmytryshyn states that the order was implied to be the fortifications as a whole "If you wish to have peace with me, then destroy [all fortifications of] your towns". According to the Universal-Lexicon der Gegenwart und Vergangenheit the town's founder was ordered to destroy the town himself.
After King Daniel's death, King Lev rebuilt the town around the year 1270 at its present location, choosing Lviv as his residence, and made Lviv the capital of Galicia-Volhynia. The city is first mentioned in the Halych-Volhynian Chronicle regarding the events that were dated 1256. The town grew quickly due to an influx of Polish people from Kraków, Poland, after they had suffered a widespread famine there. Around 1280 Armenians lived in Galicia and were mainly based in Lviv where they had their own Archbishop. The town was inherited by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1340 and ruled by voivode Dmitri Detko, the favourite of the Lithuanian prince Lubart, until 1349.
First World War
In the Battle of Galicia at the early stages of the First World War, Lviv was captured by the Russian army in September 1914 following the Battle of Gnila Lipa. The Lemberg Fortress fell on 3 September. The historian Pál Kelemen provided a first hand account of the chaotic evacuation of the city by the Austro-Hungarian Army and civilians alike. The town was retaken by Austria–Hungary in June the following year. Lviv and its population therefore suffered greatly during the First World War as many of the offensives were fought across its local geography causing significant collateral damage and disruption.
After the collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy at the end of the First World War Lviv became an arena of battle between the local Polish population and the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen. Both nations perceived the city as an integral part of their new statehoods which at that time were forming in the former Austrian territories. On the night of 31 October–1 November 1918 the Western Ukrainian National Republic was proclaimed with Lviv as its capital. 2,300 Ukrainian soldiers from the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen(Sichovi Striltsi), which had previously been a corps in the Austrian Army, took control over Lviv. The city's Polish majority opposed the Ukrainian declaration and began to fight against the Ukrainian troops. During this combat an important role was taken by young Polish city defenders called Lwów Eaglets.
The Ukrainian forces withdrew outside Lwów's confines by 21 November 1918, after which elements of Polish soldiery began to loot and burn much of the Jewish and Ukrainian quarters of the city, killing approximately 340 civilians . The retreating Ukrainian forces besieged the city. The Sich riflemen reformed into the Ukrainian Galician Army (UHA). The Polish forces aided from central Poland, including General Haller's Blue Army, equipped by the French, relieved the besieged city in May 1919 forcing the UHA to the east.
Despite Entente mediation attempts to cease hostilities and reach a compromise between belligerents the Polish–Ukrainian War continued until July 1919 when the last UHA forces withdrew east of the River Zbruch. The border on the River Zbruch was confirmed at the Treaty of Warsaw, when in April 1920 Field Marshal Pilsudski signed an agreement with Symon Petlura where it was agreed that for military support against the Bolsheviks the Ukrainian People's Republic renounced its claims to the territories of Eastern Galicia.
In August 1920 Lwów was attacked by the Red Army under the command of Aleksandr Yegorov and Stalin during the Polish–Soviet War but the city repelled the attack. For the courage of its inhabitants Lwów was awarded the Virtuti Militari cross by Józef Piłsudski on 22 November 1920. Polish sovereignty over Lwów was internationally recognised when the Council of Ambassadors ultimately approved it in March 1923.
Second World War and Soviet occupation
Following the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939 and by 14 September Lviv was completely encircled by German units. Subsequently the Soviets invaded Poland on 17 September. The Soviet Union annexed the eastern part of Second Polish Republic including the city of Lviv which capitulated to the Red Army on 22 September 1939. The city (named Lvov in Russian) became the capital of the newly formed Lviv Oblast. The Soviets opened many Ukrainian-language schools that had been closed by the Polish government and Ukrainian was reintroduced in the University of Lviv (where the Polish government had banned it during the interwar years), which became thoroughly Ukrainized and renamed after Ukrainian writer Ivan Franko. The Soviets also started repressions against local Poles and Ukrainians deporting many of the citizens into the Asiatic part of the USSR or gulags.
On 22 June 1941, Nazi Germany and several of its allies invaded the USSR. In the initial stage of Operation Barbarossa (30 June 1941) Lviv was taken by the Germans. The evacuating Soviets killed most of the prison population, with arriving Wehrmacht forces easily discovering evidence of the Soviet mass murders in the city committed by the NKVD and NKGB. Ukrainian nationalists, organised as a militia, and the civilian population were allowed to take revenge on the "Jews and the Bolsheviks" and indulged in several mass killings in Lviv and the surrounding region, which resulted in the deaths estimated at between 4,000 and 10,000 Jews. On 30 June 1941 Yaroslav Stetsko proclaimed in Lviv the Government of an independent Ukrainian state allied with Nazi Germany. This was done without pre-approval from the Germans and after 15 September 1941 the organisers were arrested.
The Sikorski–Mayski Agreement signed in London on 30 July 1941 between Polish government-in-exile and USSR's government invalidated the September 1939 Soviet-German partition of Poland, as the Soviets declared it null and void. Meanwhile, German-occupied Eastern Galicia at the beginning of August 1941 was incorporated into the General Government as Distrikt Galizien with Lviv as district's capital. German policy towards the Polish population in this area was as harsh as in the rest of the General Government. Germans during the occupation of the city committed numerous atrocities including the killing of Polish university professors in 1941. German Nazis viewed the Ukrainian Galicians, former inhabitants of Austrian Crown Land, as to some point more aryanised and civilised than the Ukrainian population living in the territories belonging to the USSR before 1939. As a result, they escaped the full extent of German acts in comparison to Ukrainians who lived to the east, in the German-occupied Soviet Ukraine turned into the Reichskommissariat Ukraine.
According to the Third Reich's racial policies local Jews then became the main target of German repressions in the region. Following German occupation, the Jewish population was concentrated in the Lwów Ghetto established in the city's Zamarstynów (today Zamarstyniv) district, and the Janowska concentration camp was also set up. In 1931 there were 75,316 Yiddish speaking inhabitants, but by 1941 approximately 100,000 Jews were present in Lviv. The majority of these Jews were either killed within the city or deported to Belzec extermination camp. In the summer of 1943, on the orders of Heinrich Himmler, SS-Standartenführer Paul Blobel was tasked with the destruction of any evidence of Nazi mass murders in the Lviv area. On 15 June Blobel, using forced labourers from Janowska, dug up a number of mass graves and incinerated the remains. Later, on 19 November 1943, inmates at Janowska staged an uprising and attempted a mass escape. A few succeeded, but most were recaptured and killed. The SS staff and their local auxiliaries then, at the time of the Janowska camp's liquidation, murdered at least 6,000 more inmates, as well as Jews in other forced labour camps in Galicia. By the end of the war the Jewish population of the city was virtually eliminated, with only around 200 to 800 survivors remaining.
After the successful Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive of July 1944, the Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army captured Lviv on July 27, 1944, with a significant cooperation from the local Polish resistance . Soon thereafter, the local commanders of Polish Armia Krajowa were invited to a meeting with the commanders of the Red Army. During the meeting they were arrested, as it turned out to be a trap set by the Soviet NKVD. Later, in the winter and spring of 1945, the local NKVD kept arresting and harassing Poles in Lviv (which according to Soviet sources on October 1, 1944 still had a clear Polish majority of 66.7%) in an attempt to encourage their emigration from the city. Those arrested were released only after they had signed papers in which they agreed to emigrate to Poland, which postwar borders were to be shifted westwards in accordance with the Yalta conference settlements. In Yalta, despite Polish objections, the Allied leaders, Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill decided that Lviv should remain within the borders of the Soviet Union. On August 16, 1945, a border agreement was signed in Moscow between the government of the Soviet Union and the Provisional Government of National Unity installed by the Soviets in Poland. In the treaty, Polish authorities formally ceded prewar eastern part of the country to the Soviet Union, agreeing to the Polish-Soviet border to be drawn according to the so-called Curzon Line. Consequently, the agreement was ratified on February 5, 1946.
In February 1946, Lviv became a part of the Soviet Union. It is estimated that from 100,000 to 140,000 Poles were resettled from the city into the so-called Recovered Territories as a part of postwar population transfers, many of them to the area of newly acquired Wrocław, formerly the German city of Breslau. Little remains of Polish culture in Lviv except for the Polish architecture. The Polish history of Lviv is still well remembered in Poland and those Poles who stayed in Lviv have formed their own organisation the Association of Polish Culture of the Lviv Land.
Expulsion of the Polish population together with migration from Ukrainian-speaking rural areas around the city and from other parts of the Soviet Union altered the ethnic composition of the city. Immigration from Russia and Russian-speaking regions of Eastern Ukraine was encouraged . Despite this, Lviv remained a major centre of dissident movement in Ukraine and played a key role in Ukraine's independence in 1991.
In the 1950s and 1960s the city significantly expanded both in population and size mostly due to the city's rapidly growing industrial base. Due to the fight of SMERSH with the guerrilla formations of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army the city obtained a nickname with a negative connotation of Banderstadt as the City of Stepan Bandera. The German suffix for city stadt was added instead of the Russian grad to imply alienation. Over the years the residents of the city found this so ridiculous that even people not familiar with Bandera accepted it as a sarcasm in reference to the Soviet perception of western Ukraine. In the period of liberalisation from the Soviet systemin the 1980s the city became the centre of political movements advocating Ukrainian independence from the USSR. By the time of the fall of the Soviet Union the name became a proud mark for the Lviv natives culminating in the creation of a local rock band under the name Khloptsi z Bandershtadtu (Boys from Banderstadt).
Citizens of Lviv strongly supported Viktor Yushchenko during the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election and played a key role in the Orange Revolution. Hundreds of thousands of people would gather in freezing temperatures to demonstrate for the Orange camp. Acts of civil disobedience forced the head of the local police to resign and the local assembly issued a resolution refusing to accept the fraudulent first official results. Lviv remains today one of the main centres of Ukrainian culture and the origin of much of the nation's political class.
In support of the Euromaidan movement, Lviv's executive committee declared itself independent of the rule of President Viktor Yanukovych on 19 February 2014.
Lviv's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold winters and mild summers. The average temperatures are −3.1 °C (26 °F) in January and 18.3 °C (65 °F) in July. The average annual rainfall is 745 mm (29 in) with the maximum being in summer. Lviv approximately receives 1,804 hours of sunshine annually.
Climate data for Lviv
|Record high °C (°F)||13.8|
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.1|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−3.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−28.5|
|Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net|
Lviv is located on the edge of the Roztochia Upland, approximately 70 kilometers (43 miles) from the Polish border and 160 kilometers (99 miles) from the easternCarpathian Mountains. The average altitude of Lviv is 296 meters (971 feet) above sea level. Its highest point is the Vysokyi Zamok(High Castle), 409 meters (1342 feet) above sea level. This castle has a commanding view of the historic city centre with its distinctive green-domed churches and intricate architecture.
The old walled city was at the foothills of the High Castle on the banks of the River Poltva. In the 13th century, the river was used to transport goods. In the early 20th century, the Poltva was covered over in areas where it flows through the city; the river flows directly beneath the central street of Lviv, Freedom Avenue (Prospect Svobody) and the Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet.
Lviv is one of the largest cities in Ukraine and is growing rapidly. According to the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine the monthly average salary in the Lviv is a little less than the average for Ukraine which in February 2013 was 2765 UAH ($345).
According to the World Bank classification Lviv is a middle-income city.
Lviv has 219 large industrial enterprises and almost 9,000 small ventures.
For many years machinery-building and electronics were leading industries in the Lviv. The Lviv-based company Electron, trademark of national TV-set, produces also 32 and 37 inches liquid-crystal TV-sets.
«Electrontrans» is an enterprise of a full-scale production, specializing in design and production of modern urban electric transport – trams, trolleybuses, electric buses, units and spare parts. In 2013 Elektrotrans JV starts producing low-floor trams, the first Ukrainian 100% low-floor tramways.
"LAZ" is a bus manufacturing company in Lviv with its own rich history. Founded in 1945, "LAZ" started bus production in the early 1950s. Innovative design ideas of Lviv engineers have become the world standard in bus manufacture.
Also Lviv is one of the leaders of software export in Eastern Europe with expected sector grow by 20%. Over 25% of all IT specialists in Ukraine work here and 1500 IT graduates/year. There are dozens of local IT companies (Eleks, DevCom, SoftServe, Epam, Lohika, Mita-Teknik, Global Logic, ISD, N-IX and others). Website Global Services, known in the industry of outsourcing as the site of latest news and the latest research on IT and business services, on December 2011 published an article that notes Lviv, as one of the most promising cities for outsourcing.
There are many restaurants and shops as well as street vendors of food, books, clothes, traditional cultural items and tourist gifts. Banking and money trading are an important part of the economy of Lviv with many banks and exchange offices throughout the city.
Lviv Airlines has its head office on the grounds of Lviv Airport.
Lviv is divided into six raions (districts), each with its own administrative bodies:
- Halych district (Галицький район – Halytskyi raion)
- Zaliznytsia district (Залізничний район – Zaliznychnyi raion)
- Lychakiv district (Личаківський район – Lychakivs'kyi raion)
- Sykhiv district (Сихівський район – Sykhivs'kyi raion)
- Franko district (Франківський район – Frankivs'kyi raion)
- Shevchenko district (Шевченківський район – Shevchenkivs'kyi raion)
Notable suburbs include:
- Vynnyky (місто Винники)
- Briukhovychi (селище Брюховичі)
- Rudne (селище Рудне)
The dialing code for Lviv is +380 32(2). The telephone system was recently modified; thus, to dial 6-digit numbers, use the city prefix 322, but for 7-digit numbers, use only 32.
All calls to and from cell phones are treated as long distance calls. The telephone system was recently modified one more time, thus, you must not dial an 8 followed by the city/mobile prefix, followed by the phone number. Some frequent mobile prefixes are 050, 067, 066, 096, and 097. The main mobile operators are Kyivstar, MTS, and Life. You can buy a SIM card or a balance replenishment card at many stores throughout Lviv.
Internet cafes are plentiful. Centrally located is Chorna Medeia on Kryva Lypa.
- Latvia Embassy (Почесне консульство Латвії), Chornovola V. ave., 57 (NW), .
- Brazil Embassy (Почесне консульство Бразилії), Cholovskoho O. str., 2(NW), .
- Main Post Office (Поштамт,Головна пошта), Str. Slovats'koho YU.(Bулиця Словацького), 1, .
- No.20 post-office (20 поштове відділення), Varshavska str., 54. (NW), .
- No.19 post-office (19 поштове відділення), Zamarstynivska Str., 30 (NW), .
- No.7 post-office (7 поштове відділення), Hrebinky Y.E. Str., 6 (NW).
Prices in Lviv
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.40|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€2.40|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€9.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€18.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€2.30|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€1.11|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€0.43|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€2.50|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€2.30|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.03|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€0.82|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€0.70|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€42.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M )||1||€32.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas )||1||€66.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€0.15|
26 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
56 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Lviv has a very efficient new international airport just 7km from the beautiful downtown. Lviv is served via direct international routes including flights from Vienna (Austrian Airlines), Warsaw (LOT Polish Airlines), Munich (Lufthansa), Istanbul Atatürk (Turkish Airlines), Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen (Pegasus Airlines) and Baku (Azerbaijan Airlines).
It is relatively inexpensive to fly from Kyiv to Lviv, with multiple daily flights operated by Ukraine International Airlines [www] and UTair [www]. These carriers also operate flights to and from other major Ukrainian cities, although it is still more common to travel by train domestically as the overnight trains save you the cost of a hotel while providing you transportation. Return airfares from Kyiv range from as low as $75 (including taxes and fees). Tickets for air travel can be purchased online or via travel agents.
Taxi from the airport to town (or visa-versa) should cost around 100 UAH, depending on the time of day. Negotiate prior to departure. Marsrutka bus 48 operated (3 UAH, without discounts) from the airport (New Terminal). Also there is a trolleybus from old Airport Terminal to city center (2 UAH, also available 50% discounts for students). Both of them are frequent (every 10-15 minutes during the day).
Lviv Airport website [www]. In preparation for Euro 2012 was built a new modern terminal.
- Twice a day runs a modern high speed train, Intercity +, from Kyiv to Lviv (5 hours).
- The easiest way to get to L'viv from Western Europe is through Krakow (or Wroclaw/Katowice) in Poland. From there, you have several options.
- Take a train to Przemyśl near the Polish-Ukrainian border. It costs about 40 PLN and takes between 4 and 5 hours. From Przemysl you take a bus to the border ('granitsa' in Polish) for 2.50 PLN, walk through the checkpoint and take another bus (marshrutka) to L'viv. When you exit the final border control, walk straight ahead and you will come out on to a street which cars use to cross back in to Poland. Follow this street up past the shops and money exchanges, and take your first left. About 50 meters down on the left hand side is the new bus terminal where buses run regularly to Lviv for approximately 23 UAH. Get your ticket from the driver.
The total cost for this route is approximately €12 and maybe less if you have a student card. It is around half the price of the next cheapest option. Whether to take it depends on your stress tolerance, Polish language skills and ability to push and shove at the border. For the return journey, buses run in the other direction from Lviv's main train station on the hour from 8AM to 6PM and are likely to be the best bet on holidays when other forms of transport aren't running. Otherwise buses depart for Przemyśl on weekdays from the main coach station in the south of the city at 6:20AM, 7:20AM and 10:20AM; although this is unlikely to be the quickest way to get across the border.
- PEDESTRIAN CROSSING: Queues at the border crossings can be unpredictable and hellish. If you do encounter a queue and are in a hurry, get the guards attention, explain your situation and they will more than likely let you go through immediately. Be polite! 30 minutes from Medyka to Sheheni (Шегині) on foot is now the norm.
- There are lots of "ants" - these are people who cross into Poland with relatively cheap Ukrainian cigarettes and spirits, then buy meats and cheeses at low EU prices and return to Ukraine to sell them for a profit. Everyone has to pass through a turnstile and the bulky bags and suitcases they carry are too big to fit. There is a huge log jam of people trying to fit their bags through that turnstile and ugly words are common. Tourists with backpacks are sometimes let through by the "ants".
- There is also a direct train from Krakow to L'viv once a day, plus one with a change. This costs 195 PLN as of the 3/3/2009 booking via Polrail Service [www]. A sleeper berth is required on the train, as only sleeping cars are carried across the border to Ukraine. The direct service leaves Krakow at ca. 20:20. The direct service arrives in Lviv at 06.00, and crosses the border, with four checks, at around 04.00 Polish time: if you want a good night's sleep, this train will not provide it!
- There are trains coming from throughout Ukraine, including multiple daily trains (including 3-4 overnight trains) from Kyiv. The timings can be inconvenient - one night train from Kyiv gets in at 4:20am, the one back to Kiev gets there at 7am - and hotels in Kyiv really like to book that pair of trains for their clients. For better options, check the timetables at poezda.org.ua [www] and buy the ticket at any train station in Ukraine.
- Trains from Hungary and Slovakia come through Lviv, usually on their way to Kyiv. Train-fare from both countries is approx $80 per person for a bed in a sleeping car. On the MAV website the round-trip price from Budapest is quoted at €64.40, [[www]] but, when contacting the international rail office by phone in Budapest, the one-way fare was quoted at 12,600 Ft ($75/€50), however, when purchased at Keleti train station the price was reduced to roughly 11,700 Ft ($62/€44) (1.1.09). Make sure to bring enough food and water for at least 12 hours (15 hours from Budapest). To save even more money travelling from Budapest to Lviv, it is possible to buy a seat on the train from Budapest to Zahony (about 3,500 Ft depending on the train, student discounts available), disembark at Zahony and buy another ticket for Chop just across the border (1,120 Ft), then yet another one once in Chop heading towards Lviv (94 hryvnia for a kupe sleeper, can be bought in advance on the official Ukrainian Rail website for no extra fees). The savings apply even if all three journeys are on the same train; the train stops for long enough for you to hop off, buy a ticket for the next leg, then hop back on to a different carriage. Note that one can only buy tickets for the Zahony-Chop leg at Zahony station. Breaking the trip up this way costs about $32 or €24, less than half the price on a direct journey taking the same amount of time.
- Tickets in the other direction (Chop-Zahony) can be purchased at ticket counter 9 in Chop, up to 20 minutes before departure (67 hryvnia, as of june 2015). Make sure you have enough time to transfer in Chop, as the passport control / customs refuse people coming later than 15 minutes before the scheduled time of departure. Often local drivers waiting for people to earn some money. A taxi ride to Zahony will cost about 100 hryvnia or 1000 forints (in the other direction), but you may haggle down the price to 70 hrivna. It will take about 20-30 minutes, depending on the queue at the border.
- You can also cross on foot/ bicycle/ taxi/ car the 200 metres bridge over the Tisa river, from Sighetu Marmatiei (Romania) to Solotvyna (Ukraine). It is just a few minutes walk from the border to the train station. From Solotvyna you can take a night train to Lviv, that has 2nd class (koupe) sleeping cars (4 berths/ cabin) - 7 euros / pers. This is a very cheap way to get to Lviv if travelling from Romania. Sighetu Marmatiei can be reached from major cities from Romania via direct trains: Cluj Napoca, Timisoara, Bucharest (Gara de Nord), Brasov etc. You can proceed in the same way for a return trip.
- The train 601 from Solotvyna 1 departes at 17:25 (Kiev time) and arrives to Lviv at 06:20. This is also a good connection if you go towards Moscow - the train to Moscow departes from Lviv at 08:37. The pair train from Lviv (train no. 601 L) departes at 20:40 and arrives to Solotvyna 1 at 09:05.
- Note that you should buy your train tickets in advance to be sure. Tickets can be bought from the official Ukrainian railroad website at: [booking.uz.gov.ua] Print the e-ticket and present it at the railroad station. From there you will recieve the actual train tickets with no extra costs. Note that the printed e-ticked is not valid, unless you have the actual tickets.
Lviv city is one of the major transportation hubs in western Ukraine. From Lviv [www] go buses in most regions of Ukraine and to the European countries. The central bus station "Stryisky". Lviv, ul. Stryis'ka 109; Tel: +38 (0322) 63-24-97, 63-24-73. Bus station 2. L'viv, str. B. Khmelnitsky, 225; Tel: +38 (0322) 52-04-89 Bus station 8 Lviv, pl. Palace, 1, tel .: +38 (0322) 38-83-08
There are daily buses from Polish cities: Warsaw,Przemyśl, Lublin, Wrocław. It is possible also to get there by bus from other European cities.
From Przemyśl there are 2 types of buses that regularly travel to L'viv. The first is the PKS (Polish Coach Buses) and the second is private buses.
The private buses are found just outside of the train station on the opposite side from the main bus station. They head to the border when they are full, which can take a while at night and travel to the border is about 15 minutes (about 10km of rough road). The price is from 2-3 PLN (November 2011). The mini-bus drops you off at the foot way to the pedestrian crossing Medyka-Shehyni. On the Ukraine side private buses can be taken to Lviv; these take from 2 to 3 hours, and can be found at the bus station around 300 meters up the main road, past all the shops, on the first major road to your left. Right outside the border you will probably meet touters who will tell you that they have best prices and invite to their cars and buses, this option may be faster but is definitely more expensive. The price for a bus from the station is 23 UAH (Jan 2014); the buses are often packed and can be uncomfortable at times due to road conditions and poor drivers. It is an adventure and it is to be on a bus full of smugglers after they have successfully completed their daily missions. The bus from Shehyni will most likely arrive next to the main train station in Lviv.
There is a daily night bus service provided by Eurobus from Krakow bus station to Lviv, departing at 21.50 from Krakow and supposed to arrive at 6.00 in Lviv (depending on delays at the border [www]. The price is around 110 PLN (September 2013). There is also a Eurolines bus (but not every day) from Krakow, departing at 11:30 to Lviv, arriving at 21:10 [www]. This bus continues onwards to Kiev to arrive at around 6:00 the next morning. The price to Lviv is around 75 PLN and discounts (ISIC etc) apply(October 2011). If you come from Warsaw, you can take overnight buses from Polonus for 90 PLN (July 2013). The bus from Brest (Belarus) to Lviv departs every day on 08.45 AM from platform 7 and arrives in Lviv at 17.33 PM. The price is around 20 USD. Most of international buses arrive at Stryisky bus station, on the outskirts of Lviv. To get to the centre you take trolleybus 5. Ticket - 1,25 UAH (you need another one for big luggage) can be bought in a kiosk or from the driver.
From the Czech Republic
Countless buses connect Lviv directly with Prague and some other Czech cities, passing through Poland, but mostly not stopping there to take passengers. These can be best viewed using the Czech integrated timetable at http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz (English version available). Advance reservation is recommended and for most buses also possible online at https://eshop.amsbus.cz. Buses can get you from the West to Lviv far faster than trains. However, they are targeted primarily at Ukrainian emigrant workers earning their living in the Czech Republic. Nonetheless, buses are now in most cases modern coaches or sometimes used western buses, but still with air condition. There are at least 5 connections per day but often much more. If you don't travel around religious bank holidays in Ukraine, with arrival to Prague on Monday morning or departure Friday or Saturday from Prague, buses are generally not full and you'll have often 2 seats per person as tickets aren't cheap and bus lines are very profitable.
From Poland: take the E40, this will end at the city center. Keep in mind that all formalities at the border take from one hour upwards. There will be a long line for trucks, which you can pass if you travel by car. Don't expect the border police to treat you respectfully, or speak any language other than Ukrainian, Polish or Russian. In fact, expect the very opposite regarding both.
Ukrainian roads are bad, and Ukrainian drivers have an aggressive driving style. When you drive into Lviv, make sure you have a good map because getting lost in this town is very easy.
NOTE: It is forbidden to drive around the city center on Sundays and holidays (including Prospekt Svobody). This is signposted, but in Cyrillic only, as one driver caught by a police official learned in July 2012.
Pay close attention to speed limits (which are often badly marked, with signs far off the road, covered with branches etc.), but the speeding fines are usually low if nothing else is wrong with your car. In towns, the speed limit is usually 60km/h (40mph). Speed limits on "nationals" (single carriageway countryside roads) is 90km/h (55mph). The poor average quality of the roads already acts as a speed checker. Speed limits on highways (motorways) is 110-120km/h (75mph).
Be aware that corruption is widespread among Ukrainian police. When you are stopped for speeding or other violations, officers might aggressively try and extract ridiculous sums of money from you (€100 and up), offering "reductions" if you pay on the spot (the proposed alternative being some unpleasant and more expensive way, all made up).
The highest actual legal fine in the Ukraine is the equivalent of about $200. But the fine should be paid in the bank, not directly to police officer! So if you're asked for fine demand a written ticket for you to pay later instead. Don't let them intimidate you. It's very useful to have an embassy phone number handy for these cases (you should NOT under any circumstances travel around Ukraine without your embassy/consulate number handy anyway). If you mention your embassy/consulate, they'll let you off the hook quicker than you know it. At any rate, write down the officers' badge numbers, rank, plate number of the police car, and notify the nearest embassy/consulate in detail, to help fight these corrupt practices.
Transportation - Get Around
Lviv has an extensive tram and mini-bus network.
- Mini-buses (UAH4) are known as marshrutky and follow a set route, but without a fixed timetable. To indicate a desire to board, extend one arm as the marshrutka approaches; simply ask the driver to stop when you would like to get off. However some drivers will only stop the bus at the nearest official bus stop because of fear of police enforcement. Lines 1 to 179.
- Trams and trolleybuses cost UAH2 (tickets for students are UAH1) (September 2015). You can purchase tickets from any news kiosk or from driver in tram. Ask for a "tramvainyi bilet". Keep in mind that if you are carrying a piece of luggage larger than a backpack you will need to purchase a second ticket for it. Once inside the tram, be sure to validate your ticket(s) by punching them in one of the metal punches mounted on the walls. An inspector may come around to check your ticket - these people do not wear uniforms but flash a little badge. It's interesting to note that mostly all of the drivers of the trams and ticket checkers are women.
- Taxis are available throughout the city, and the city centre is swarming with them at night. When they aren't equipped with a meter you must agree on a price with the driver ahead of time. It's usually cheaper when taxis do have meter, but even then they may not to turn it on for you. It's usually cheaper to order a taxi by phone than catch a taxi on the street.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
- Staryi Lytsar ? Rynok (Ринок Cтарий лицар), Chornovola V. ave., 67 (North. - Trolley 13 to 'Shevchenkivska administratsiya'), .
- Krakivs'kyi (Ринок Краківський), Bazarna str., 11 (West. - Tram 6, 7 to stop 'Tserkva Anny' & 0.4km to North), .
- Pryvokzal'nyi (Ринок "Привокзальний"), Hors'koi A. str., 2 (West. - Tram 11 to 'Pryvokzalnyi rynok'), .
- Novyi rynok (Новий ринок), Petliury S. str., 11B (West. - Tram 2 to stop 'Konovaltsia St'), .
- Halytskyi market (Галицький базар), Vulitsa Serbska (вулиця Сербська) (Bus 1A, 5А, 6A, 24, 45, 47A to 'Halytska Square').
- Shuvar (Ринок Шувар), Khutorivka str. (вул. Хуторівка), 4A (South ~7km. - Bus 7, 11, 14, 23, 32, 38, 40, 41, 116, 117, 287 to 'Demianska St'), , e-mail: [email protected].
- Vynnykivs'kyi Market (Ринок Винниківський), Solodova str., 4 (East - Tram 2, 7, 10 or Bus 5А, 15, 18, 29, 36, 39, 47A, 50, 102, 105, 110, 138, 147, 217A to stop 'Oblasna Klinichna Likarnia'), .
- Pidzamche Market (Ринок Підзамче), Khmel'nyts'koho B. str., 120(Bus 9, 20 to stop 'Novoznesenska St'), .
- Foxtrot Electronics Supermarket, Chornovola V. Ave. (просп. В'ячеслава Чорновола), 57 (Bus 1A, 7, 8, 17, 22, 25, 26, 28, 31, 34, 35, 37, 39, 41, 46 to stop 'Shevchenkivska administratsiya'), .
- Dobrobut Shopping centre (Торговий центр Добробут), Stara str.(вулиця Стара), 3 (NW. - Tram 6, 7 or Bus 1A, 3А, 4А, 5А, 6A, 15, 26, 29, 35, 36, 37, 39, 46, 47A, 50 to stop 'Teatralna Street'), .
- Hypermarket Epicentr (гіпермаркет Епіцентр-2), Vulytsya Bogdana Khmelnitskogo, 188A, (Take a bus 9, 19, 20, 25, 35 to stop Bus Station #2), .
- Magnus Shopping centre (Торговий центр Магнус), Shpytal'na street (ulitsa Gospitalnaya), 1 (NW. - Tram 6, 7 to 'Teatralna St').
- King Cross Leopolis and Auchan Hypermarket(Ашан), Stryiska Str., 30 (South 7km. - Bus 116, 133 to stop 'King Cross Leopolis'), . Auchan
- Sykhivskyi Shopping centre (Торговий центр Сихівський), Sykhivs'ka str., 16A (Bus 13, 16, 19, 23, 37, 38, 40, 41, 46, 47A, 117 or Trolley 25 to 'Ivana Kavaleridze St'), .
Both ATMs (known as "bankomats") and currency exchanges ("obmin valyuti") are ubiquitous throughout Lviv, particularly in the city center. Most, but not all, ATMs will accept Visa and MasterCard. Currency exchanges will often only accept foreign currency in pristine condition. Travellers' checks are not very useful in Lviv; however, there are still a few hotels and banks that will cash them for you.
Credit cards are now widely accepted in many of the city center restaurants, cafes, hotels and some hostels. Also at the main bus station and long distance train station. Surprisingly, lots of small grocery stores now also accept plastic.
You should be aware that attempting to pay for something inexpensive with a large denomination (50 UAH and above) will often at the very least annoy the shopkeeper; salespeople may even refuse to sell to you if you do not have any smaller denominations. Grocery stores and other high-volume shops are an exception to this rule.
- OTP Bank, Teatralne office (OTP Bank, відділення Театральне), Svobody ave.(пр. Свободи), 22 (Centre - Tram 6,7 to 'Teatralna St'), toll-free: . M-F 09:00-18:00.
- OTP Bank, Naukova office (OTP Bank, відділення Наукове), Naukova Street (вулиця Наукова), 96-А (SW 3km), toll-free:. M-F 09:00-18:00. And more two units: Str. Ivan Franko, 20; - prospect V. Chornovola, 59
- Raiffeisen Bank Aval, Branch 6 (Райффайзен Банк Аваль, відділення 6), Kopernyka M. str., 14 (West - Tram 1, 2, 10 to stop 'Petra Doroshenka St').
- Raiffeisen Bank Aval, Branch 1 (Райффайзен Банк Аваль, відділення 1), West - Liubins'ka str., 4.
- Raiffeisen Bank Aval, Soborne (Райффайзен Банк Аваль, Соборне відділення), Halyts'ka sq., 14 (Tram 1, 2, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka St' 400m).
- UniCredit Bank (Ukrsotsbank) (Укрсоцбанк), Politekhnichna str., 2 (Tram 1, 10 to 'Lvivska politekhnika').
- UniCredit Bank (Укрсоцбанк), Mitskevycha A. sq., 10 (Old Town).
Life in Lviv is very cheap. It's not difficult to find a place where you can have a full meal for €2. The challenge is rather ordering if you don't speak Ukrainian.
- Arsen #2 Supermarket (Супермаркет Арсен N2), Viacheslava Chornovola Ave. (пр-т Черновола), 93 (Northwestern quarter - 'Lvov 700 years old' Park), . M-Fr 8:00-23:00 Su 9:00-22:00. More units: West 2.5 km ul. Paton, 37, Phone +38 032 2441925, M-Fr 8:00-23:00 Sun 9:00-22:00; - Southeast 1.5km ul. Zelenaya, 147, Phone +38 032 2405258, M-F 8:00-23:00 Su 9:00-22:00; South 3km ul. Kn. Olga, 120, Phone +38 032 2457654 M-F 8:00-23:00 Su 9:00-22:00
- Potato House Fast Food Restaurant (Ресторан Картопляна хата), Chornovola V. ave., 65 (Northwestern quarter - Eldorado Shopping Center), . Restaurant chain
- McDonald's Restaurant (Ресторан Макдональдз), Chornovola V. Ave., 12 (Northwestern quarter), . Restaurant chain. Wi-Fi.
- Bistro (Бістро), Panteleymona Kulisha, 13 (Northwestern quarter), .
- Bistro (Бістро), Horodotska str., 11 (Northwestern quarter - opp.), . Fast Food Chain
- Puzata Hata (Ресторан Пузата хата), Sichovykh Striltsiv Str., 12(Northwestern quarter - in same building Mini Hostel/Hostel2 Lviv). This Fast Food Chain offers hearty Ukrainian smörgåsbord. Cafeteria style eatery has a selection of traditional Ukrainian food mixed with some other food found around the area.
- Acropolis Tavern A Greek casual diner. The staff speak English and may well start dancing, in traditional style, given any amount of encouragement. Gyros and Souvlaki for $3.
- Idalnia #1 Gurman (Gourmet), Petra Doroshenka 7 (Tram 2,9, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka'). They are cooking only from Ukrainian products.
- Bäckerei Videnski bulochky (бекерай-кав'ярня Віденські Булочки), Katedralna Sqr. 3 (Old Town), . M-F 08:00-22:00, Sa 08:00-23:00. Traditional Austrian cafe-bakery. Freshly baked French croissants, real German pretzel, Italian focaccia and ciabatta. Full menu featuring a selection of hot sandwich-baguettes, salads and soups.
- Cafe 1, sq. Katedralna 5 (Center- off Rynok Square). A very cosy cafe / casual dining restaurant that offers a varied range of modern cuisine. It has a warm atmosphere with non-smoking and smoking areas plus friendly and thoughtful staff.
- Gutsulsky Dvir (Етно-ресторан "Гуцульський Двір"), 36 Schyretska str. (At Sknylivs'kyi park - SW 5km), . is one of the most picturesque ethnic restaurants in the city. Ukrainian ethnic cuisine, great atmosphere of wooden restaurant with lots of trees around is a must to visit while staying in L'viv.
- Kavkaz Georgian Restaurant (Ресторан «Кавказ», ПП "КАРРО"), Zelena street (вул. Шота Руставеллі), 2 (Tram 3, 4, 5, 9, 11 to 'Zelena street'). Try harcho soup and fig salad.
- Kupol, Chaikovskogo 37 (Tram 2,9,10 to 'Holovna Poshta' - next to L'viv Art Gallery), . Has a touch of understated Habsburg grandeur. Homestyle quality.
- Museum of Ideas (Музей Ідей), Valova 18A (located in Bernardine monastery cellars). a kind of cultural centre, with hand-made glass souvenirs gallery, exhibition space, sculptures and movie screenings. There's a good small restaurant there and in summer also a beer garden.
- New York Street Pizza, 5, Sichovykh Striltsiv Street (Січових Стрільців) (W 0.5km). More units: 51, Volodymyra Velykogo Str, 37, Patona Str, 4, Stefanyka Str, 36, Generala Chuprynky Str, 5, Tershakovtciv Str, 59, Grushevskogo Str, 1, Valova Str, 51, Chervonoi Kalyny pr, 2, Sv. Teodora pl. Tasty pizza, soups, salads, cakes and beverages.
- Pid Kelpsydroyu café/restaurant (Under Clepsydra), Vir’menska 35 (opp. Dzyga Cultural Centre, you'll see about 15 large tables with patio umbrellas crowding the street.). You'll also see the city's sophisticated set sipping Under Clepsydra's famous forest tea. Under Clepsydra has three sections. The indoor café/restaurant inspired by the Parisian brasseries of the left bank has two sections, smoking and non-smoking, that share a soundtrack of classic French jazz and folk music. Upstairs you’ll find the more popular late-night section of the establishment. But what really sets it apart from other Lviv hangouts is the menu. Vegetarian restaurants in Lviv are, well, non-existent, but Under Clepsydra you’ll find a collection of fresh, meat-free dishes made with local ingredients. Potato and mushroom crepes are less than €2, and fresh soups and salads are anywhere between €1-2. Menus are in English. The carnivorous set has plenty of options as well. Few dishes run more than €5, and entrees include duck, pork, grilled chicken, smoked salmon.
- Tsukerna Confectionary, pr. Staroevraiski (Old Town). Viennese-style cake and coffee.
- Amadeus. has a broad European and Ukrainian menu in a 5 star environment with 4 star food and 2.5 star prices.
- Viden’ska Kavyarnia (Viennese Café), Svobody Prospect (Next to Opera House). This place has menus in English and English-speaking staff.- The Wiener Schnitzel is great, so are all the soups, the breakfasts, the potato pancakes and the Apfelstrudel. A main course €3-4, a three-course meal €6-7.
- Veronica, on the Shevchenko Prospect is both a French style cafe (upstairs) and stylish restaurant downstairs.
Coffe & Drink
- Mapa, Halyc'ka 4. (Map), , a quiet café with a special atmosphere and tasty Italian coffee. There are three large rooms for visitors: a large room on the first floor, and old-style rooms in the basement.
- Rodzinka Cafe
- Pid Synioyu Plyashkoyu (Under the Blue Bottle), Ruska 4. Intimate, medieval.
Sights & Landmarks
Churches in the "Old Town"
- Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord (Tserkva Preobrazhennia Hospoda Nashoho Isusa Khrysta, Церковь Преображения Господа Нашего Иисуса Христа), Krakivs'ka str, 21. appeared on the site of the former church of the Holy Trinity which was part of The Trinitarian fathers monastery (1703). 1783 the monastery was closed. Inside the church organized a library and assembly hall. Burned out. The Church of Transfiguration,consecrated on 29 April 1906.
- Armenian Cathedral (Вірменського собору), Virmenska str, 7-13.An architectural complex of the centre around which other buildings are grouped to form three small enclosed courtyards. Constructed between 1363 and 1370, later remodelled a few times. Very interesting interior.
- Dominican Roman-Catholic Church (Домініканський костьол (Церква Пресвятої Євхаристії)), Muzeina sq, 1. Built in the Gothic style in the years 1370-1375. Impressive Baroque temple rebuilt for Dominicans in 18th century. Resembles the church of St. Charles Borromeus in Vienna with its concave façade and huge elliptical dome. After WW2 the building served as a warehouse and later Museum of Religion and Atheism, now it is a Greek Catholic parish church.
- Assumption Church (Успенскої церкви), Pidvalna str, 9. In the 1550s the Dormition brotherhood emerged in which the school operated and printing. The 65m high church has a two-headed Russian eagle image as the memory of the significant donation of funds to build a church, made by Tsar Feodor I of Russia in 1592. Here is also Chapel of the Three Holy Bishops (Каплиця Трьох святителів) a Renaissance architecture, built by architect Peter Krasovsky in 1578-1591, it is adjacent to one side of the northern wall of the Assumption Church. Also here is the Tower of Korniakt (Вежа Корнякта), built as the belfry of the Assumption Church, served as defence towers in the siege and fire guards patrol the item, built in 1572-1578.
- Jesuit Roman-Catholic Church (Костьол єзуїтів), Teatral'na str, 11.based on Rome's Il Gesu church. Could accommodate up to 5,000 faithful. Built in baroque style, in the years 1610-1630 while finishing work continued into 1660. In 1775-1848, the church building took place in meetings of the birth of the Diet "Galicia, the first provincial parliament.
- Cathedral (Latin) (Кафедральний (Латинський) собор), Katedralna sq., 1 (southwestern corner of Market Square. Next to the Latin Cathedral). Founded in the 1360s, built a long time - up to 1481, in typical European Gothic style. In the walls - high windows, covered with stained glass. Parts: Kampianiv Chapel (Каплиця Кампіанів)- built near the northern wall of the Latin Cathedral in 1619 - and the Boimiv Chapel (Каплиця Боїмів) which built as a tomb in 1610's for the merchant Boim family. A mannerist architecture marvel all made of black stone.
- Bernardynskyi monastyr (Бернардинський монастир), Square Soborna, (Соборна пл.,) 1-3. The monastery occupies a triangular plot, which was the basis for the shaft between the Galician city gates and Royal bastion, and the top - a strong bastion of what was called Bernardine. It was surrounded by strong stone walls with battlements and a tower with Hlynyanskymy gate. There were adjacent farm buildings - smithy, stable, and others. The monastery main part is the Bernardyns'kyi Roman-Catholic Church (Бернардинський костьол). First built in wood, in 1600, finishing work continued into 1630. In 1738-1740 rebuilt in hewn stone.
- Remains of the former Golden Rose Synagogue (Pуїни синагоги Золота Роза), Stavropihiis'ka str., 9 (Old Town). This was the oldest synagogue in Ukraine. In 1941 the Nazi invaders destroyed this building together with other synagogues. Today one can visit the foundations and one remaining wall; also, there is a commemorative plaque. All this is hidden behind a high fence and can be approached only when one crosses the terrace of a restaurant that claims to be Jewish, but is not - the "Golden Rose". It looks as if the restaurant's outer parts were built especially to hide the historical Jewish place as well as the commemoration site.
Other churches and synagogues
- Saint George (Jura) Cathedral (Cобор св. Юра), Sviatoho Yura sq (Святого Юра пл.,), 5 (SW). Built in 1363-1437 here built a stone church, Byzantine basilica style. The present Greek Catholic Cathedral built in 1744-1770, it is a classic example of Baroque architecture of the period.
- Tsori Gilod Synagogue, Brativ Mikhnovs'kykh St, 4 (West. - Tram 6 to 'Kropyvnytskoho Square'), . Built in 1925, used as a warehouse during the German occupation, returned to the Jewish community in 1989, then renovated.
- Temple of Svaty Apostola Andriia (Xрам св. Апостола Андрія), Varshavska str., 38 (NW. - Bus 12 or 28 to 'Strumok St').
- St. Parasceva Pyatnitsy Church (Церква св. Параскеви П'ятниці), Khmelnytskoho B. str, 63 (NW. Near to Beer Museum). In 1645 the church built of stone whoop (in bottom) and brick.
- Armenian Roman-Catholic Church (Вірменський костьол), Zamarstynivska str., 9 (NW). A half-round apse temple built in the 1630's. Gothic architecture.
- Church and monastery of Saint Onufrii (Церква та монастир свОнуфрія), Khmelnytskoho B.str, 36 (NW. - Bus 700 richia Square 1A, 8, 22, 26, 35, 37, 39, 46, 50, 53 to '700 richia Square'). Here was a wooden church, where monks settled in the early 15th century. Around 1550, Prince Constantine Ostrozhsky built a brick church. In the 18th century, there were two churches: a primary - the so-called "big church" and the Trinity Chapel on the south side - the "small church," built in 1680. In 1776 the "high (big) church" and the chapel were connected. In 1821 -1824, the eastern area of the altar was expanded, and the sacristy and porch were constructed. Finally in 1902, the north aisle was built, repeating the shape of the southern chapel. As a result the church now has three naves.
- Church of St. Nicholas (Церква Cв. Миколая), Khmelnytskoho B. str.,(ulica Bogdana Chmielnickiego,) 28 (Tram 4, 5, 6 to 'Staryi Rynok Square'). From the primary structures of the 8th century, only the lower part of the foundation and walls composed of blocks of white limestone have survived. In the 18th century, the church was covered with shingles. The condition of the church's interior is extremely poor.
- Museum of ancient monuments of Lviv (Музей найдавниших пам'яток Львова), Uzhhorodska str (Ужгородська ул),1 (NW.), . In the Church of St. John the Baptist. The exhibits contains archaeological findings, antiquities, works of art, and historical information about the oldest period of the city.
- Church of the Saint Family of Reformat Order (Kостьол Св. Родини ордену реформатів), Shevchenka T. str, 66, (NW - Tram 7 to 'Turyanskoho St'). Roman-Catholic Church.
- Saint Anna Temple (Храм св. Анни), Shevchenka T. str, 1 (NW).First a wooden church was built in 1507. In 1599, it was restored. A stone church was then constructed here in the 1760's.
- Church of Klarysok (Saint Clare) (Костьол кларисок (св. Клари)), Mytna sq ( Мытна пл.,), 2. Roman-Catholic.
- St. George's Cathedral (Церква св. Георгія), Korolenka V. str., 3(on the hill). Neo-Byzantine Cathedral of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)
- Church of the Holy Spirit (Церква Святого Духа), Kopernyka M. str.(Коперника М. ул.), 40 (Tram). During WW2. the church was destroyed. Preserved only bell-tower - stone, square in plan, three-storey, with baroque completion. In 1786 it set the clock. In 1957 the monument was restored. Now here is open Mermaids Dnistrova Museum.
Monuments in the "Old Town"
- Griffon House (гриффонів будинок), Krakivs'ka str., 34. original staircase, decorated with fine reliefs in the Empire style with motifs Griffon, vases and playful sense. Relief, that contain trade mark.
- City Theatre (M. Zankovetska Ukrainian Drama Theatre)(Міський театр (Український драматичний театр ім. М. Заньковецької)), Lesi Ukrainky str, 1, , e-mail:[email protected]. Built in the style of Viennese classicism. Length is about 96m, width 76m, area of 7,000m². One of Europe's largest theatre buildings after Milan's La Scala and the court theatre in Dresden. Since 1944 home of the Zankovetska theatre troupe.
- Lviv Opera and Ballet National Academic Theatre (Театр опери і балету ім. І. Франка (С. Крушельницької),Lvivskyi Derzhavnyi akademichnyi teatr Opery ta baletu imeni Solomyiyi Krushelnytskoii), 28 Svobody ave (Centre western limit). Founded in June 1897. Lavishly decorated both outside and inside.
- Korniakt Tower (Вежа Корнякта), Pidval'na str., (Old Town). - This is 65 m high
- Narodnyi Dim (Nation Home) (Народний Дім), Teatralna str., 22.One of the oldest and richest cultural and educational institutions in Galicia, in 1849-1939. At the People's House, there were a library and museum. It was some time Russian Casino, Academic Club, a place for the "Society Russians ladies". In 1862 moved here the first Ukrainian academic high school. Here opened the Seminary. In addition to schools, there is contained Archaeological, Art and Natural History Museum.
- Poleyovskiy house (будинок Полейовський), Krakivska str., (Краківська вул.) 24. Corner house longer side face (north) out on the street Ukrainian Lesya. Building dates from 1780's. (Architect P. Poleyovskiy), restructured in 1783 and 1894. Architecture stone shows stylistic features Baroque and Historicism. This mansion a three-story, brick building. At the level of the ground floor façades laid ashlar. Centre accented balcony on stone consoles, 18th century. Today the building is used as a dwelling house. Also there are more monument buildings on Krakivska str at numbers 4, 13, 15, 17 and 22.
- Patio's house (будинок із дворик), Lesi Ukrainky str. (Лесі Українки вул.) 10. Three storey, brick, rectangular in plan building with patio. Rebuilt in the XIX century. Smooth plastered facade diversify flat pilasters. Also monument houses on Lesi Ukrainky street: No. 12, 14, 16 and 26.
- Royal Arsenal (Королівський арсенал), Pidvalna str., 13. Built by order of Polish King Wladyslaw IV. Because it was the Main Royal Arsenal, built between the city walls. Completed in 1646. The façade of the building was decorated bronze sculptures, cast in 1639, now is in History Museum. The building is made of stone, rectangular plan, with two L-shaped wings connected by a wall, these walls to protect the east side of the patio. The façade decorated with balcony and pediment in baroque style. On the side façade of the east wing preserved carved stone portal in the Renaissance style.
- Fedorova house (будинок Федорова), Fedorova I. str. (Федорова І. вул.) 1. This four-storey building, invalid quadrilateral plan with patio. Three open fronts - in Armenian Street, Fedorova Street and Stavropihyyskoy square, - plastered, painted lower floors. Built in the 17th century. This house has kept features of different eras and style.
- Seasons house (Kам'яниця Пори року), Virmenska str., (Вірменська вул.) 23. A plastered, elongated, four storey house made of brick. The last renovation was in the 19th century, it holds its shape today. Façade design style of late classicism: the second and third floors are connected by Ionic pilasters, between them at the second floor is a depiction of Chronos and at the sides - four reliefs with scenes from people's everyday lives, symbolizing seasons. Above, in front stretched the entire length of frieze depicting the zodiac signs. Painted in 1860's. Also there monument houses on Virmenska street: No. 17, 27 and 33
- Domazhyrs'ka house (Kам'яниця Домажирська), Virmens'ka str., 15. The house top floor made in the 18th century. A brick, plastered, three storey invalid rectangle form building with a narrow courtyard. The main architectural accent of the main facade is a big portal, keystone is the stone along with two symmetrically positioned consoles supporting a balcony with openwork metal grille.
- Ratusa (Town hall) (Ратуша), Market Square, Ploshcha Rynok, Площа Ринок. You can climb the tower of the town hall: go in via the main entrance, wander about until you see a sign 'вхид на вежу', then follow those signs up 103 steps to a ticket-office and up 305 more steps to the top of the tower. There's a great view of the Old Town, and this is clearly one of the romantic spots of the city: I saw a marriage-proposal there. The City Hall is made of brick, four-square plan, with patio, in 1830-1835, in the Viennese classicism style. Added the town hall a clock tower. Around the building on the square are three fountains in 1900's: first the Fountain Adonis (to Northeast) has an cup, which stands on the pavement, in the centre of a star, outlined in red and black stone. In the centre of the bowl - a statue of the hero character of ancient mythology Adonis with a dog and boar killed him; Fountain Neptune (to Southwest) In the centre of the bowl - a statue of ancient mythology character Neptune,- the Roman god of freshwater and the sea,- which is situated at the feet of dolphin; and also on the square is the Fountain Amphitrite (to Northwest) with a statue of ancient mythology character Amfitryta, consort of Neptune with a dolphin.
- Public casino (Casino of Herkhard) or House of Scholars(Народне казино (Казино Герхарда) - Будинок вчених), Lystopadovoho Chynu str., 6 (West. - Next to Ivan Franko National University of Lviv).Monument of architecture.
- Lychakivsky Tsvyntar (Lychakiv Cemetery, Ukrainian: Личаківський цвинтар, translit. Lychakivs’kyi tsvyntar; Polish: Cmentarz Łyczakowski we Lwowie), Vul. Mechnikhova (вул. І. Мечнікова), 33 (East 5km. - Tram 7 to 'Pekarska St'). There are about four hundred thousand people buried here, including Ukrainian heroes such as Ivan Franko; the park is enormous, and very pleasant to wander around on a network of variously-maintained paths. At the back of the cemetery are a moving series of recently-built war memorials, in the same style as Western World War I cemeteries, to the dead of the 1918-1921 Ukrainian civil wars. However, every city in Ukraine has a cemetery, and whereas entry to almost all other cemeteries is free of charge, be warned that this one charges an admission fee, and a further fee is charged for permission to take pictures.
- High Castle (Union of Lublin mound,Vysokyi zamok), Vysokyi Zamok street (East). The place where a historic castle used to stand and now stands a mound built in 1869 to commemorate 300th anniversary of Lublin Union. On the mound there is an observation platform with nice views of the city and another sandy mound, which you can also climb, and which has a cross devoted to the dead of the war in Afghanistan. From the mound you can walk around the whole central hill-park of the town. very recommendable. easy to find and free of carge.
- Shevchenko Monument, Svobody Ave, (Tram 1, 2, 10, Bus 48,114,138 all to 'Petra Doroshenka St'). Donated by members of the Argentine Ukrainian diaspora, and absolutely unmistakable in the centre of town; a sculpture of the writer, and a wave-shaped monument with Ukrainian folk-art motifs rising to his side. Sometimes seems to be used by locals as a climbing-wall, but I would advise foreigners against this.
- Lviv Municipal Theatre, 36 Horodotska Street (Tram 6, 7, Bus 6A, 7, 9, 17, 20, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 36, 41, 49, 51 to 'Teatr im. Lesi Ukrainki').
- Lviv National Polytechnic University (Lviv University (named after Ivan Franko)? Ukrainian: Львівський університет), Vul. (вул. Степана Бандери), 12 (Tram 9, 10 or Bus 41, 42, 43 to stop 'Lvivska politekhnika').
- Lviv Rail Terminal, See above. built in 1904 Art Nouveau wonder
- Former "European" Hotel (Колишній Готель Європейський), Ploshchad' Mitskevicha, 4 (Tram to 'Petra Doroshenka St'). Rebuilt in 1930. From 1950, to 1980 it was - the hotel "Ukraine". After 2006 this building is a branch of the Ukreximbank.
- Belz (Ukrainian: Белз, Polish: Bełz, Yiddish/Hebrew: בעלז) (3 km from the Ukrainian-Polish border, 12 km from Chervonograd and 25 km from the district center - Sokal). day trip. Sights: Arian Tower (1606) only survived part of a medieval fort; the Dominican Sisters Monastery, (1647, rebuilt 1743, 1861); St. Paraskeva Church, with a bell tower, built in 18th century; Ancient Settlement Archeological Site of Belz (old city, probably founded in 1088); Nicholas Cathedral (1926), Church of St. Valentine, (built in 1907-11, neo-gothic style); Jewish cemetery; Bandery villa.
- Chervonograd (Червоноград), Lviv Oblast (73 km North from Lviv).Good day trip. Sights: A branch of the Lviv Museum of the History of Religion (Potocki Palace), the St. Dukha Church (the St. Vladimir church), the St. Yury Basilian monastery (1771-76); Bernardines monastery (1692-1767) 21 B.Khmel'nyts'kogo st.; Potocki's palace (1736-57), 10 Shashkevycha st. built in baroque and classicism style
- Brody (Ukrainian: Броди, Polish: Brody, Yiddish: בראָד), Brody Raion, Lviv Oblast (North-East about 90 km from Lviv - Take a train to here). Good day trip. St. Yuriya Church (Церковь св. Юрия), built at the beginning of the 17th century, restored in 1867; Palace of Pototskyi Count (1630-1635), History Museum, Ruined Big Synagogue (1742), Palace of Tyshkevich is built in 1909, in English style.
- Drohobych (Ukrainian: Дрогóбич; Polish: Drohobycz), Lviv Oblast. Good day trip. - St. Apostles Peter and Paul Monastery), Vultsa Stryiska, 1; St. Bartholomew Catholic Church with the former defence tower now the bell tower of the St. Bartholomew church; Palace of Arts Local Museum, Bruno Shults (Polish Writer) Museum, Vultsa I. Franka, 24; Picture gallery, Sichovykh Striltsiv, 16; Church of Holy Exaltation Cross (Церква Воздвиження Чесного Хреста), 1661, Vulitsa Zvarits'ka, 9
- Horodok (Gorodok, Ukrainian: Городок, Polish: Gródek Jagielloński,), Horodok Raion, Lviv Oblast (West 25 km). A good day trip. Visit: John the Baptist Church (1755)
- Krekhiv monastery (Ukrainian: Крехів, Polish: Krechów), Kozulka settlement, Lviv Oblast (25 km NW - At northern rim of the Yavorivskyi National Park). day trip.
- Olesko (Ukrainian: Олесько; Polish: Olesko; Yiddish: אלעסק Alesk), Lviv Oblast (E ~60km - take bus toward Brody or Dubno). Good day trip. - See here: St. Joseph Church and monastic cells of the monastery of capuchins (1838); the Castle, Vulitsa Zamkova, 34 (14-17th centuries); take a walk in the Castle Park (13 ha); right the next is the Capuchin Monastery (1700's); visit the Holy Trinity Catholic Church, Vulitsa T. Shevchenka, 59
- Pidhirtsi (Ukrainian: Підгірці; Polish: Podhorce), Lviv Oblast (80 km east of Lviv, ~2h by bus). A good day trip to see the Konietspolskikh Castle (замок Конецпольських), 1635-1640; Pidhoretskyi Landscape Park (17 ha); St. Joseph Catholic Church (Костел св. Иосифа), 1765; Plisnesk Archeological Site, 7-13th сenturies; Cells of monastery (Келії Підгорецького монастиря) 18th century, Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos? (Церковь Рождества Богородицы), part of the former Vasylyi Monastery (1180)
- Rava-Rus'ka (Ukrainian: Рава-Руська, translit. Rava-Rus'ka; Russian: Рава-Русская, translit. Rava-Russkaya; Polish: Rawa Ruska; Yiddish: ראווע, Rave), Lviv Oblast (~50 km NE). St. Michael Church and monastic cells of the Franciscan Abbey (Костел Св. Михайла та монастирськi келiї монастиря ордену Реформаторiв), the first wooden chapel, built here in 1725. St. Joseph Catholic Church from 1843 with the miraculous icon of Mother of God (1670's). French 2ndWW's soldier cemetery.
- Sambir (Ukrainian: Самбір, Polish: Sambor), Sambir Raion, Lviv Oblast (75 km SW from Lviv - train connection). Good day trip. - Sights: Town hall (Самбірська ратуша), Square Rynok, 1; St. Ivan Church, Street Pushkina, 7; Bernardine monastery (Монастир бернардинців), Street A. Mitskevycha, 5-A; Nativity Church (Церква Різдва Пресвятої Богородиці), built in 1738;
- Slavske (Ukrainian: Славське, Polish: Sławsko), Skolivskyi Raion(120km S-SW of Lvov - take a train to here). Good day trip. - Take a chair lift on Trostyan mountain for a good walk; Visit the Cave of Painted Draw-well. Cheap accommodations: Al'piis'kyi dvir Guesthouse(Пансионат "Альпийский двор") Tel +380 67 6727230; Rozhanka Resting house (База відпочинку "Рожанка") North-East 2KM. Tel. +380 32 298-5331; - Lys Mykyta Cottages Resting house (Котеджі "Лис Микита"), Franka str., 59А Tel. +380 50 334-8295; - U Lili ta Yaroslava B&B (Приватна садиба "У Лілі та Ярослава") Tel.+380 67 977-3598; Cottage Zyhva (Котедж "Зигва"), +380 32 514-2578; U Tetiany Hotel (Мини-отель "У Татьяны") Tel.+380 32 514-2332. - Sights: Carpathian Museum of the liberation struggle (Карпатський музей визвольної боротьби), Sichovykh Striltsiv Street, 2. Tel.+380 97 333-4630; Assumption of the Virgin Mary church Church (Церква Успіння Пресвятої Богородиці), T. Shevchenka street., built in 1901.
- Stare Selo (Ukrainian: Старе Село; Polish: Stare Sioło; literally, "old village"), Pustomyty Raion, Lviv Oblast (25 km SE).Castle (Старе Село замок), 1584-1654
- Svirzh (Ukrainian: Свірж), Peremyshliany Raion (40 km SW - Direct public transport almost (nonexistent) take any minibus or bus toward Rohatyn and get off at Bibrka on H09 hwy or at Peremyshlyany on T1414 further eight km from both). Sights: Assumption of the Virgin Mary church (костел Успіння Богородиці), 1546, early 17th century., 1770s; Defense tower (ruins), grotto (оборонна башта, грот), 1484, Svirzh castle (Свірж замок), 1484-1660's.
- Zhovkva (Жовква), Zhovkva Raion (25 km North). A good day trip. Visit the Monastery
- Zolochiv (Золочів) (70 km East, Zolochiv Raion, Lviv Oblast - train station 2km South from the Town). Good day trip for visiting: Ascension of Virgin Mary church + cells (костел Вознесіння Діви Марії + келії), 1731-1763; Castle (Золочів замок), 1634-1686; Arsenal (арсенал), 15th century.; Polish cemetery (польський цвинтар).
- Trukhaniv (Труханів), Skolivskyi Raion (108km S of Lvov). Good day trip. - Rocks and Cave of Dovbush (six km from here), The bottom edge of the village is a picturesque waterfalls cascade, the Sukilski waterfalls, also in the village is a St. Michael Church built in 1840
- Truskavets (Трускавець), Lviv Oblast (70 km SW - Take a train to here). Good for a day trip
- Univ monastery (Унів, Міжгір’я?), Peremyshlians'kyi Raion, (40 km East - Take a bus or minibus to here). Founded in 1390's. It consists of church, partly saved fortress walls with two north and south-west towers (15 century), building of monastic cells (17-19 centuries) and house of metropolitan (19 century).- Good for a day trip.
Museums & Galleries
Museums in the "Old Town"
- Arsenal Museum (Державний історичний музей старовинної зброї Арсенал), Pidvalna str.,(вул. Підвальна,) 5, . ,Summer 10:00-17:30; winter: 10:00-16:30. It was a city fortification, built in 1554-1556, in Renaissance military architecture style. Weapons and armour from medieval times to the beginning of 20th century, from over 30 countries. The museum is located in the oldest (16th century) of three historic arsenal buildings in Lviv.
- The Lviv National Museum (Національний музей у Львові ім. А.Шептицького), Svobody ave, (пр. Свободи,) 20, .Tu-Su 10:00-18:00. The main building displays Ukrainian Art from the Middle Ages up to the 19th century. Note that the Lviv Art Gallery mainly shows foreign art in its art collections so if you are more interested in Ukrainian art you should definitely visit this museum. About the buildings: former Art and Industry Museum, built in 1904, in Neo-Renaissance style. From 1950 to 1990 it housed a branch of the Central Lenin Museum.UAH9, children UAH3; temporary exhibitions: 3/1; permanent exhibitions: 5/1. Excursions: 15/10. Tours in (English, Polish, Russian): UAH50.
- Museum of Natural history, Vul. Teatral'na. (вул. Театральна,), 18, , e-mail: [email protected]. Tu-Th,Sa-Su 10:00-17:00. Collection include more than 500,000 items. The museum building is in the palace 'Dzieduszyckis - Magistrates', 18th century building, in the 19th century rebuilt in the classical style. One of the items that are most proud of the museum is Europe's first full carcass hairy rhinoceros and mammoth unearthed from Starunia village, (Ivano-Frankivska oblast) an earlier mud volcano site.
- The Gallery of Ukrainian Military Uniforms (Галерея українського військового однострою), Rynok sq., 40, . Tu-Su 11:00-18:00. The exhibition represented uniform and Ukrainian troops from the early twentieth century.
- "Under the Black Eagle" Pharmacy Museum (Аптека-музей "Під чорним орлом"), Drukars'ka str., 2 (st. Stavropihiis'ka, 1) (at the Market Square in the corner house, where Drukarskaya and Stavropigiyskaya streets begin.), , e-mail: [email protected].M-F 9:00-19:00, Sa-Su 10:00-18:00. The oldest pharmacy in Lviv, opened in 1735. More than three thousand items. 16 exhibition halls with a total area of 700m². UAH8.
- Museum of the History of Religion (Львівський музей історії релігії), Museina Sq,(пл. Музейна,) 1, , e-mail:[email protected]. Tu-Su 10:00-18:00. An interesting museum documenting both Jewish and Christian history of Lviv in one of Lviv's biggest and most beautiful Baroque churches of 14 - 18th century. The museum has a specialized library of religious profile, which is unique in the state. Among the 150 000 copies - labours of theologians of Kyiv, Lviv, St. Petersburg and Moscow Theological Academies and their periodicals. And religious literature of Catholic institutions from Italy, Germany, Austria, France and Poland. A collection of religious books of the Crimean Khanate time, works of publishing house of Ukrainian Catholic University in Rome. An unique collection of Bibles in different languages: Greek, Latin, German, French, Chinese, English, etc. Among them - the Ostrog Bible of Ivan Fedorov, the Paris edition of 1563, and a Venetian edition of 16 century. Adults/discount UAH10/5; Guided tour: UAH10/5.
- Dzyha GalleryA (Галерея сучасного мистецтва "Дзига"), St. Virmenska, 35, , e-mail: , [email protected]. A showroom of a cultural and artistic association of the city. That supports, produces and promotes multi-genre contemporary arts: art, music, literature, theater, cinema, multimedia and more.
- Museum of Post (Музей пошти, Палац Бандінеллі), 2 Rynok Sq,. Th-Tu 10:00-17:30. In the beautiful Palace of Bandinelli, built in the late renaissance, in the late 16th century. At the beginning of XVII century building became the property of the Florentine merchant R. Bandinelli who known that he perfected the Lvov-mail. Since 1629, it housed the first post office in Ukraine. In the 19th century there was a bookstore, a Club for intellectuals. Currently the museum is not working? Adults/discount UAH10/5, Excursions: UAH40/20.
- Hotyk-Khol (Gothic Hall) Art Gallery (Арт-галерея Готик-Хол), Rynok sq., 6, , e-mail: [email protected].An 'Antique shop-salon' in Kornyak Palace, has more than 300 years of history and is one of the masterpieces of Lviv and, simultaneously, the European architecture of the Middle Ages. Its first description refers to the 17-th century. The building was designed by architect Peter Barbone. Paintings and drawings, icons, furniture, interior decor items, tableware, household items, sculptures, jewelry, vintage, watches and coins. Free or Temporary Exhibitions: adults/discount 5/2 UAH.
- Museum of furniture and porcelain (Музей меблів та порцеляни), Rynok sq.,(пл. Ринок,) 10, . Tu-Su:11AM – 5.30PM. There a remarkable collection of almost 700 examples of Ukrainian and European furniture, and textiles as well as 17th-19th-century metalwork. The museum also owns a collection of porcelain, art glass and pottery from the 16th-20th centuries that includes over 11,000 artifacts.
- Herdan gallery (Галерея Гердан), Rus'ka str., 4, . , M-F: 14.00-17.00. Exhibition and sale of contemporary art: painting, graphics, ceramics.
- Lviv Historical Museum, Department of “Ancient History of Ukraine and Archaeology Department (Львівський історичний музей), Rynok sq., 24, . Th-Tu 10.00-17.30. About the building: the Massarivs'ka Palace (Кам'яниця Массарівська) rebuilt in Renaissance style after a fire in 1527. The last realignment was in 1920. Attica parapet was replaced with a bas-relief work Kurchynskoho, this time to include balcony and sculpture over the portal. Brick, plastered, elongated in the bottom plot, four-storey building. There are remains of Gothic windows of the ground floor. Divided into many departments most of which are in the old town displaying archeology, history from medieval times up to the Ukrainian struggle for nationalism, as well as jewellery and armoury. Adult / children 10/5 UAH, tours 40/20 UAH.
- The L'viv Art Gallery (Tovarystvo Prykhylnykiv Fortets I Palatsiv), Stefanyka st (ул. Стефаника), 3 (Tram 1, 2, 10 Bus 21, 48 to stop 'Holovna Poshta'), . Divided into several departments the central of which is on display at Potoskiy Palace showing mainly Renaissance and Baroque European art (for Ukrainian art see National Museum). Nearby is the Palace of Arts where changing contemporary art exhibitions take place. Other interesting branches of the Lviv Gallery are the Museum of Ancient Books, Museum of Relics andPinsel Museum (dedicated to the local Baroque wood carver).
- Museum of Ethnography and Arts and Crafts (Музей етнографії та художнього промислу Інституту народознавства Н.А.Н. України), 15 Svobody Avenue (West - Tram 1, 2, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka St'), . The museum has an unique and extensive collections of monuments of culture and traditional ukrainian folk art, and examples of decorative art. 5 UAH normal, 2 UAH discount.
- Museum of National Folk Architecture and Rural Life «Shevchenkivsky Hay» (Музей НАРОДНОЇ АРХІТЕКТУРИ І ПОБУТУ), 1 Chernecha Gora str.(вулиця Чернеча Гора) (East - Tram 2, 10 to 'Pasichna St'), . 10.00-18.00. On the central hill about a half-hour walk from the Lychakivskiy Cemetery. This is a collection of wooden buildings from all over Western Ukraine, dismantled and reassembled here; the multi-tiered churches are the most spectacular buildings, and are all still working churches. Tickets: 10 UAH normal, UAH5 discount. UAH15.
- Beer Brewing Museum (Музей пива во Львове), Kleparivska str, 18 (NW 2km - Tram to 'Pid Dubom St' 400m). Renovated in 2009. The museum has a tasting room, where you can try all sorts of beautiful in a cosy atmosphere. UAH15 normal, UAH10 discount.
- The History of Printing Museum.
- Museum of Meteorology (Музей метрології та вимірювальної техніки), Kniazia Romana str., 38 (South -), . The museum collection has more than 500 exhibits.
- Panchyshyn Museum of the History of Medicine (Музей історії медицини Галичини ім. Мар'яна Панчишина), Karmeliuka U. str., 3(East -), , fax: .
- Center for Urban History of East Central Europe (Центр міської історії Центрально-східної Європи), Bohomol'tsia O. akad. str., 6 (South -), . The center produces various exhibitions, seminars and conferences. There is films, sound recordings from private collections and official collections which represent life of large and small towns of Central and Eastern Europe.
- Museum of sacral sculpture in the Baroque taste XVIII century it. Pinzelia (Музей сакральної барокової скульптури ХVIII ст. ім. Пінзеля), Mytna sq., 2, . Inside a former catholic church (1607). The collection include 32 exhibits, which are representing the work of the famous Lviv sculptor John George Pinsel, from 1790's.
- Museum of the Prison on Lontskogo (Музей-меморіал жертв окупаційних режимів "Тюрма на Лонцького"), Bandery S. str., 1 (West - Tram 2 to 'Stepana Bandery St'), .
- Museum of ancient Ukrainian book (Музей мистецтва давньої української книги), Ulica Kopernika, 15 (SW - Tram 1, 2, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka St'), . Museum and research centre. Collections of the museum include 12,000 exhibits, including manuscripts and Early Printed Books. Book plates and book illustrations, pedagogical literature. The exposition consists of four rooms.
- Sheptytsky National Museum, Drahomanova M. str., 42 (South - Tram 3, 5, 9 to 'Ivana Franka Square'), . There is a fine arts collections, which includes almost 117 000 items (icons from 14th-18th century)
- Palace of art (Львівський Палац мистецтв), Kopernyka M. str., 17(In the centre), , fax: , e-mail:[email protected]. Exhibition Centre.
Things to do
- Attend a concert or festival. L'viv has been called the "Queen of Festivals" as a city, because there is often a different festival every other week. Some festivals with many free activities are the Chocolate Festival, the Coffee Festival, and the Alpha Jazz Festival. Stop by the Tourist Information Center on Rynok Square to find out more about what festivals are happening during your stay in L'viv.
- S. Krushelnytska Opera House, Svobody Ave, 28 (Tram). In the very heart of L'viv the historic opera house offers regular performances of various operas and ballets. Tickets can be purchased at the theatre cashier ("Kaca") ranging in price from 50UAH to 80UAH. Even if opera and ballet is not your cup of tea, a night at the theatre is worthwhile, at the very least, to enjoy this spectacular venue.
- Lviv philharmonic Society Concert hall (Львівська обласна філармонія), Chaikovs'koho P. str.,7 (South - Bus 3А, 4А, 48, 53 to 'Knyazya Romana St'), , fax: , e-mail: [email protected]. Cash Desk 11:00-19:00. UAH 40, 60, 80, 100.
- Mini "People and Dolls" Theatre (Львівський театр естрадних мініатюр "І люди, і ляльки"), Fredra O. str.(вул. Фредра), 6, . ,
- Les Kurbas youth theatre (Львівський молодіжний театр ім. Леся Курбаса), Kurbasa L. str., 3 (Tram 2, 9, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka St'), . ,
- The first Ukrainian theatre for children & young people (Перший український театр для дітей та юнацтва), Hnatiuka V. akad. str., 11(Tram 2, 9, 10 to 'Petra Doroshenka St'), . ,
- Lviv State Circus (Львівський державний цирк), Horodots'ka str., 83, . ,
- Visit the Bania, a Russian style sauna for men and women (non-communal). There are a few located in L'viv and well worth the trip. The experience can be mildly confronting for the prudish Westerner, as all activities are conducted in the nude but don't worry, it is a highly civilized environment.
- Stadiumn Torpedo (Стадион "Торпедо"), Vul. Gorbenka (вулиця Горбенка) (Take tram 7 to stop Turyanskoho St).
- SKA Stadium (Стадион СKA), Kleparivska St (вул. Клепарівська), 39, .
Parks and gardens
- Pliazh Aquapark (Aквапарк Пляж), str. Princess Olga 114 (Kniahyni Ol'hy str., 114) (South 5km), . , Escape from Summer Heat. Area 1.4 ha. Enjoy Greek-Roman steam room and jacuzzi, bars “Tropic” and “Hawaii” in the wet area. Tariff UAH100 per day (2014).
- Lviv hippodrome (Львівський іподром), Stryis'ka str., 117 (7km South), . , Race courses.
- Ivan Franko Park (Парк ім. Івана Франка (колишній парк Костюшко)), str. Universytetska (вул. Університетська) (1 km West from centre - Tram 1, 2, 10 or bus 21, 48 to stop 'Holovna Poshta'). is oldest park in the city. Traces of that time may be found in three- hundred-year-old oak and maple trees. Upon the abrogation of the Jesuit order in 1773 the territory became the town property. A well-known gardener Bager arranged the territory in the landscape style, and most of trees were planted within 1885-1890.
- Bohdan Khmelnytsky Culture and Recreation Park (Парк культури та відпочинку імені Богдана Хмельницького, Парк ім. Богдана Хмельницького), streets Striyskeyu (ulitsa Zaritskikh) (SW 1.5 km from old town - Tram 3, 5, 9, 11 to 'Kultury Park'), . , in the Halych district of the city , interesting garden art local value ( 1984 ). is one of the best organized and modern green zones containing a concert and dance hall, stadium, the town of attractions, central stage, numerous cafes and restaurants. In the park there are Ferris wheel. - Located between the streets Striyske , Guardyisko , Vitovskogo and Zaritsky. At the top of the park is culture Glory Monument . The area of the park - 26 hectares.
- Stryiskyi Park (Стрийський парк), Between Str. Stryis'ka and Str. Ivana Frank, 156 (1.5km South from old town, Take bus No.30. or trolley No.25 to 'Park Kultury' stop). It is considered one of the most picturesque parks in the city. The park numbers over 200 species of trees and plants. It is well known for a vast collection of rare and valuable trees and bushes. At the main entrance gate you will find a pond with swans.
- Regional Landscape Park Znesinnya (Регіональний ландшафтний парк «Знесіння»), Street Novoznesens'ka, (вулиця Новознесенська) (1.5km northeast,). Ideal site for cycling, skiing sports, and hiking. Located on green hilly parts of the historical village Znesinnya. Area: 312.1 ha. The Park includes rare specimens of plants, as well as sandstones, limestones containing fossils, hills covered by forests and picturesque valleys with ponds and streams.
- Shevchenkivskyi Hay (Шевченківський гай), Vul. Chernecha hora. (вул. Чернеча гора) (Nearby (west) is a park "High Castle".),. 10:00-18:00. In the park situated unique open air museum that has gathered the best collection of Ukrainian wooden architecture. Museum successfully combines hilly terrain, vegetation Carpathians restored and carefully moved historic buildings from different regions of Western Ukraine. The park - approx. 84 ha. UAH15.
- High Castle Park (Високий Замок парк) (1km NE). It situated on the highest city hill (413m) and occupies the territory of 36 hectares consisting of the lower terrace once called Knyazha Hora (Prince Mount), and the upper terrace with a television tower and artificial embankment.
- Zalizni Vody Park (Залізна Вода), Located between the streets Stusa, Myshugy, Ternopylska and Yaroslavenka (2km S). Originated from the former garden Zalizna Voda (Iron water) combining Snopkivska street with Novyi Lviv district. The park owes its name to the springs with high iron concentration. This beautiful park with ancient beech trees and numerous paths is a favorite place of many locals. The total area of 19.5 hectares the park . Here, among the western slopes of the plateau of Lviv , near the park originates Poltva. In the park you can see the outputs of marl, which is the reason for the existence of multiple sources . The name of the park comes from the high iron content in the springs that flow here. - Vegetation: beech, pine, oak, birch, poplar , willow , ornamental trees and shrubs. It also grows old apple orchard.
- Lychakivskyi Park (Личаківський парк), Between Street Tsetnerivka, Street Lychakivska & Street Pasichna. Founded in 1892 and named after the surrounding suburbs. A botanic garden is situated on the park territory, founded in 1911 and occupying the territory of 18.5 hectares. At the park is a sportcomplex of the Lviv State University of Physical Culture, the "Stadium Skiff".
- Zamarstynivs'kyi forest park (Замарстинівський лісопарк), Ulitsa Filippa Orlika (N 3km-Trolley 13 to 'Pylypa Orlyka St' and head north 0.5km).
- Park the name of the 700year of Lviv (Парк ім. 700-річчя Львова), prospekt Vyacheslava Chernovola, 91 (N 2km - Trolley 13 to 'Torfiana St').
- Park Na Valakh (Парк "На Валах"), Pidval'na str. (East). There is a Fire Tower.
- Sviatoiurs'kyi park (Святоюрський парк, Сад собору святого Юра, Схил Святоюрської гори,), Lystopadovoho Chynu street, (West).
- Student park (Студентський парк), Sakharova A. akademika str.(2km SW).
- Botanical Garden of L’viv Ivan Franko National University(Ботанічний сад Львівського національного університету ім. І.Франка (стара частина)), Cheremshyny str, (вул. Черемшини), 44 (E 4km - Tram 2, 10 to 'Pasichna St' walk 600m South or bus 15, 19, 23, 27, 40, 47A, 50, 117, 138 to 'Tadzhykska St' 200m), , e-mail:[email protected]. There are 1025 tree and shrub species; 720 natural herbaceous species; 1095 cultural herbaceous species and sorts; 1630 tropical and subtropical species.
- Botanical garden of the Lvov Forestry Engineering Institute(Ботанічний сад Львівського лісотехнічного інституту), Chuprynky T. henerala str (West 4km - Between the streets of Chuprinky (former Pushkina) and Pryrodnoiu - Tram 2 to stop 'Hordynskyh St'). The land area 10.8 ha. There is a flower collection, educational area and a small research farm. Also the collection include about 200 species of trees and shrubs.
- Park Piskovi Ozera (Park Pischani ozera, Парк "Піщані озера"), Hordynskykh str. (West 5km - Tram 2 to 'Konovaltsia St').
- Kulparkivskyi park (Кульпарківський сквер), ulitsa Evgeniya Konovaltsa, ~111 (West 5.3km - Tram 2 to 'Konovaltsia St').
- Horikhovyi hai Park (Парк "Горіховий Гай"), Boikivs'ka str. (SW 5km - Tram 3, 5 to 'Boychuka St').
- Hasova Lyampa Bar (Kerosene Lamp), Virmenska 20. You’ll most likely see a man dressed in Olde Tyme regalia pacing in front of the entrance, beckoning people inside. If he’s not there another greeter awaits in the form of a metal statue sitting at a desk with a… you guessed it, lit gas lamp. Once inside you’ll find a spiral staircase ascending up three flights of dining space. Each floor is cozy, candle lit, and decorated with classic gas lamps. Gas Lamp also has one of Lviv’s best patios, in the form of their rooftop dining section. While the entrees are standard, the snacks that go with beer are real standouts. Try the seasoned croutons, chips and a variety of dipping sauces they’re the perfect accompaniment for their wide selection of cold local brews.
- House of Legends Bar, Staroevreyska 48. A bar with small staircase connecting few floors and a roof terrace (great views!), where each room is differently designed around a theme of a Lvivian 'legend'.
- Kriyivka Bar (Hiding Place in Ukrainian). “Slava Ukrayini” - the phrase means ‘Glory to Ukraine,’ and it’s your ticket to this underground, unmarked bar called Kryivka. When you do finally find it, state the password to a man toting a prop vintage machine gun, receive your shot of medovukha, and descend into the cozy wooden dining room you’ll be glad you took the time to find. This Ukrainian Independence themed bar is decorated with artifacts from Ukraine’s valiant struggle to stay autonomous - with guns, maps and posters lining the walls. You’ll also notice the names of dishes on the English menu harken back to a military tradition stretching back to the Austrian Empire. Culinary highlights include a half-metre long sausage, pickles soaked in honey and savory vereniky. There is also a bit of theatre during a dinner at Kryivka. If you’re lucky, a “Russian spy” may have snuck in to the restaurant and the brave staff will turn off the lights, grab a flashlight, root out this spy and serve him a healthy portion of justice. Once the intruder has been detached, celebratory live music erupts in the basement venue and locals burst into traditional songs of freedom.
- Masoch Café/Bar, Serbska 7. A place where you get whipped by the bar staff. Yes, seriously.
- Robert Doms Beer House, Kleparivs'ka 18. Follow the tree lined street of Kleparivska as it winds up and down hills until you reach the easy to spot entrance of this beer hall and concert venue. It’s attached to the Lvivske Brewery. Depending on the nights festivities you may have to pay a small cover charge, but it’s well worth it, as early evening acts often include international Jazz bands, and late evening events often fall into the feverish dance music category. Descend a flight of stairs past a little merchandise stand to the cavernous first room. Sit down at a long beer garten style table and order a giant stein of the Lvivske beer. The name, Robert Doms comes from the man who founded the brewery in 1715 (also the name of their signature brew). The underground location and stone walls give Robert Doms Beer House great acoustics and an intimate feel. Or, if you’re not in the mood for music, head to the adjoining Austrian style pub room. Plush, wooden and well lit, this is a great place to watch a game of football with friends as the giant TV at the end of the room has a habit of sucking in people's attention.
- Kumpel beer restaurant, Vynnychenka 6 (on Mytna square). Mini-brewery.
- Kult Underground Bar & Pub Filharmonia. Cool underground bar.
- Franz Josef The twilight zone. 24 hour outdoor freak show. See the local intelligentsia acting rather unintelligent.
- Dublin Irish Pub, Kryva Lypa 5. in the busy courtyard just off Doroshenka St. The name is written in Cyrillic as well as Latin, so have no fears there. Dublin does a good job of not packing the tables in too tightly, you after you’ve grabbed a seat, don’t be shy to get up and wander around a little bit with a pint of any of their host of international beers in hand. If you happen to be hungry, you’ll be glad to know that the menu is in English (though the staff don’t speak English), and features many of the pub favourites you would expect at home. However, you’ll find that many of these dishes have been modified slightly as local ingredients are substituted for traditional ones. If football is your thing, Dublin Pub spares no expense. If there is a game on, anywhere in the world, chances are Dublin Pub will be showing it live. However, if your side happens to be playing at the same time as any of Ukraine’s club, or national teams you might want swallow your pride and join in, as you’re not likely to find anyone here who will permit you to change the channel.
- Korzo Irish Pub, Brativ Rohatinskiv street (off the main Rynok). Though it may sometimes seem like it, not every bar or restaurant in Lviv has some kind of theme or hook, and Korzo Pub is one of these places. - Nothing too fancy here, just an oak bar, brass taps and well worn tables that have eavesdropped on hundreds of conversations, arguments and romantic encounters. Korzo also has a great selection of international spirits, so if you’re the kind of person who needs a shot of tequila to get the night going, this is your place. As the beer flows, you might want to try the fish soup, hearty and robust, locals say it is the perfect ballast to prevent a hangover the next morning. If quenching your thirst on a sunny afternoon of exploring is your goal, Korzo has one of Lviv’s largest patios.
The club scene in Lviv is thriving; with many options ranging from the cavernous clubs Metro and Millenium to the intimate and upmarket Zanzibar. There are usually entry charges but drink prices more than make up for this. In most clubs you are able to buy bottles of vodka for a reasonable price and simply chill at a table all evening.
- Fashion Club, Sq. Pidkovy 1. Bizarre nouveau riche.
- Club Metro disco (Нiчний клуб), Zelena 14 (outskirts of the centre), . Metro isn’t the easiest place to spot during the day, but at night, just follow the hordes of fabulously dressed young people as they make their way there. Entrance will probably set you back about €3 and once inside the first thing you’ll see is a large disco. A raised platform in the centre of the dance floor features male and female go-go dancers (and any braves who decide to join them on stage). A bar opposite provides local beers, vodka and champagne. For a change of pace, head downstairs where you’ll find two more bars. One serves the techno and house room, the other the lounge, private rooms and the hip hop dance floor. To cool off from all of the dancing, hit the giant upstairs patio with its heat lamps during winter and umbrellas for those rainy Lviv nights.
- Millennium Club (Міленіум), Chornovola 2, .Featuring the restaurant "Tequila Bum", a casino, a state-of-the-art movie theatre, billiards and video games, it has something for everyone. As the largest disco in Western Ukraine, the entrance fee is a little steep compared to other local bars, but it rarely tops €5. Once inside, grab a table and sit back as bottles of vodka are delivered to your table or sidle up to any of four cocktail bars for a beer, mixed drink or shot. DJs from all over Eastern Europe come to Millennium to spin house, retro, electro and rock tunes. Guys should be prepared to wear dress shoes, pressed slacks and a dress shirt. Ladies, Lviv girls are some of the most stylish in the world, so dress like you mean it. You might get into the club in your street clothes - but you’ll feel out of place.
- Picasso (Пікассо), 88 Zelena St., . Picasso aims to be a relaxed alternative, in a large corner building. Getting in can be a little confusing. The door staff will point you to a door at the side of the building where you pay your entrance fee, usually between €3 and 5, and get a ticket. The first thing you’ll notice once inside is a giant vaulted ceiling with a ring of balconies surrounding the venue. Really, it looks more like a church than a club. At the far end is a massive stage, and below that, a roomy dance floor. Beers here run a little bit more than standard, but their selection caters to a more refined palate. The music and dress code here are also a bit more relaxed. Tunes range from disco to rock, with a little techno and house thrown in. One distinguishing feature of the music is volume; not cranked so loud you can’t hear yourself think, but not a library either. There is free coat check, and most patrons are dressed casually, which in Lviv means like models on their day off. The stellar lighting also makes this place a popular venue for concerts. As Lviv does not currently have a large music venue, many acts play Picasso if they can secure a night. The club also hosts private parties and events, so call ahead to make sure you can get in that night.
- Pozitiff, 14 Zelena St., . If you’ve been to Metro Club you may have noticed a long line of locals trying to gain access to Pozitiff. This place is not easy to get into, and there are no guarantees that your money, passport or even begging can ensure you gain entrance. It’s all the bouncers call. Your best bet is to arrive with a small group of the most attractive people you can find. At this point the door man will either let you in, or not. If he does you’ll have negotiate an entrance fee. This cover charge usually depends on how cool and attractive your group is: The better-looking, the lower the fee. Expect to pay close to €6 for entrance. As entrance is so difficult, some patrons make the most of their trial, floating through the bar mingling, chatting and flirting. Others, displaying the icy confidence that got them in in the first place simply recline in their booth and radiate cool. No matter how you choose to play this one you’ll find enough friendly professionals to chat with and if you need to check your email, the Internet café section remains operational even into the wee hours of a rocking party.
- Zanzibar. Cool, funky.
- Leroy. Upmarket, mature crowd
Things to know
It is essential to learn some Ukrainian before visiting, or at the very least, learn the Cyrillic alphabet. Everyone can also read, speak and write in Russian and aren't so prickly about it, although they'd appreciate that you learn a few basic phrases in Ukrainian as well. Learn the Cyrillic alphabet (both the Russian and Ukrainian versions) way in advance until you can write words with perfection, as many do not know the Latin alphabet. German and, especially, Polish (as Lviv used to part of Poland) is spoken well among people with mature memories of the interwar era.
People selling you tickets at the train station will most likely not speak anything other than Ukrainian or Russian and may have no patience nor sympathy for you. (Neither will the people waiting behind you in line). If you speak Polish then surviving in Lviv shouldn't be a problem, as many people understand it since it's quite close to Ukrainian. Some sales people will not know the Latin alphabet, so make sure to carry a small note with your name written in Cyrillic! Queues in Ukraine tend to be a chaotic mess, especially at stations. Assert your place with an elbow and mean stare, because everyone else will, including the fifteen babushki pushing you to the side. Make sure you get in the line for foreigners when you want to buy train tickets. No, the cashier will NOT speak English, but if you know the details of the train you want, just write them down! But if you go to a different line they'll just tell you to go to the foreigner's line, and then you will have wasted a lot of time waiting for nothing.
Safety in Lviv
Ukrainian cities are not dangerous, though a bit more precaution is required. Common tricks include impersonating a police officer. In doubt ask an officer or tell him you're not following him. The first thing they try is to get you out of the tourists places in to areas where they can 'acquire' a fine. Openly robbing you or pick-pocketing happens less as the risks are bigger.