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Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland, and the third largest in the United Kingdom (after London and Birmingham).Historically part of Lanarkshire, it is now one of the 32 Council Areas of Scotland. It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are often referred to as Glaswegians.
Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it became a major centre of theScottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. From the 18th century the city also grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Glasgow grew in population, reaching a peak of 1,128,473 in 1939. Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s, resulting in large-scale relocation of people to new towns and peripheral suburbs, followed by successive boundary changes, reduced the population of the City of Glasgow council area to 599,650 with 1,209,143 people living in the Greater Glasgow urban area. The entire region surrounding the conurbation covers about 2.3 million people, 41% of Scotland's population. At the 2011 census, Glasgow had a population density of 8,790/sq mi (3,390/km2), the highest of any Scottish city.
Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games. Glasgow is also well known in the sporting world for the football rivalry of the Old Firm between Celtic and Rangers. Glasgow is also known for Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect that is noted for being difficult to understand for most.
|POPULATION :||Population 606,340 (2015)|
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone GMT (UTC)|
• Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
|LANGUAGE :||English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic|
|AREA :||175.5 km2 (67.8 sq mi)|
|SEX RATIO :|
|ETHNIC :||White 89.4%|
|AREA CODE :||0141|
|POSTAL CODE :||Post town GLASGOW|
Postcode district G1–G80
|DIALING CODE :||+44 141|
Glasgow (Gaelic: Glaschu) is the biggest city in Scotland, with a population of about 600,000 in the city itself and over 2 million if the surrounding towns of the Clydeside conurbation are taken into account. Located at the west end of Scotland's Central Belt on the banks of the River Clyde, Glasgow's historical importance as Scotland's main industrial centre has been challenged by decades of change and various regeneration efforts. Today the third largest city in the entire United Kingdom by population, it remains one of the nation's key economic centres outside London.
In recent years, Glasgow has been awarded the European titles of City of Culture (1990), City of Architecture and Design (1999) and Capital of Sport (2003). In 2008, Glasgow became the second Scottish city to join the UNESCO Creative Cities initiative when it was named as a UNESCO City of Music. In preparing its bid, Glasgow counted an average of 130 music events a week ranging from pop and rock to Celtic music and opera. The city has transformed itself from being the once mighty industrial powerhouse of Britain to a centre for commerce, tourism, and culture. Glasgow was the host city for the successful Commonwealth Games in 2014.
Glasgow has become one of the most visited cities in the British Isles, and visitors will find a revitalised city centre, the best shopping outside London without a doubt, excellent parks and museums (most of which are free), and easy access to the Scottish Highlands and Islands.
For the visitor, central Glasgow can be divided into two main areas, the City Centre, which contains the majority of tourist sights and much of the city's shopping and entertainment, as well as its commercial heart, and the West End, the bohemian area of cafés, restaurants and bars surrounding the University of Glasgow and Kelvingrove Museum. The best way to get good vistas of the city is to climb the many "drumlins" (hills) upon which the central area is built.
Outside of central Glasgow, the East End lies east of the City Centre centred along Gallowgate and London Road. The South Side contains the neighbourhoods that lie to the south of the River Clyde, while the North Side is the area north of central Glasgow. Along the banks of the River Clyde west of the City Centre is an old industrial area which is in the process of regeneration and contains many new and impressive structures, such as the Clyde Auditorium, the Science Centre and the Riverside Museum.
The City Centre (known as "town" or "the toon" to locals) is bounded by the M8 motorway to the north and west, High Street to the east, and the River Clyde to the south. This is the area where most visitors will start, and the most notable elements are the grid plan of streets and the lavish Victorian and Edwardian buildings and civic squares which give the area much of its character. The main arteries of the City Centre are Argyle Street and Sauchiehall Street which both run on an east-west axis. They are linked byBuchanan Street which runs north-south. Together, these three streets form the main shopping thoroughfares.
The eastern side of the City Centre is a sub-district known as Merchant City, which contains Glasgow's original medieval core, centred around the Glasgow Cross (the junction of Trongate, Saltmarket, High Street, Gallowgate and London Road). Merchant City extends up to George Square, with many ornate buildings that date back to Glasgow's emergence as an industrial city. High Street north of the Glasgow Cross is the main artery of Old Glasgow and leads uphill to the Glasgow Cathedral and the Necropolis cemetery.
The western area of the City Centre contains the city's core commercial and business district and is dominated by Blythswood Hill, which is centred around Blythswood Square. Running parallel to Sauchiehall Street, Bath Street is the main route into the neighbourhood and has a rich mix of independent shops and bars, as well as distinctive Georgian town house style architecture. South of Blythswood Hill is the city's financial district, with many modern glass and steel office buildings which stand alongside their classical counterparts. Further south, on the north bank of the River Clyde is the district of Anderston, formerly a dockland area, badly scarred by the city's industrial decline and the urban regeneration schemes of the 1960s but now being redeveloped as a residential and commercial area.
To the west of the City Centre, no official definition of where the West End boundary line exists, but it can roughly be defined as being bounded by the M8 motorway to the east, Great Western Road to the north, the River Clyde to the South and Crow Road to the west. The nucleus of the area is undoubtedly the neo-Gothic University of Glasgow, which acts as the anchor for this bohemian district, with its lovely architecture, tree lined streets and quaint shopping areas.
The primary east-west artery is Argyle Street/Dumbarton Road, while Byres Roadis the main north-south artery and contains a number of independent shops, bars and restaurants. Ashton Lane connects Byres Road to the University campus and is a cobbled backstreet with distinctive whitewashed buildings, holding an eclectic mix of bars and eateries that make it a tourist hotspot (be careful as the Lane can be a bit of a tourist trap during the summer months when the students of the university are not there to keep the bar prices reasonable). To the east of the university campus and just downhill is Kelvingrove Park, with the tree-lined Kelvin Way as the main avenue through the park, which connects with Argyle Street near the Kelvingrove Museum.
- Visit Scotland Tourist Information, 10 Sauchiehall Street, G2 3GF, . Mon-Sat 09:00-18:00, Sun 10:00-17:00.
The area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing. The Romans later built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Gaelic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall, remains of which can still be seen in Glasgow today. Glasgow itself was founded by the Christian missionary Saint Mungo in the 6th century. He established a church on the Molendinar Burn, where the present Glasgow Cathedral stands, and in the following years Glasgow became a religious centre. Its name is derived from the GaelicGlas chu which translates literally as "green hollow"; over the centuries this has become romanticised to mean "dear green place" which is often cited as a nickname for the city.
By the 16th century, the city's trades and craftsmen had begun to wield significant influence and the city had become an important trading centre with the Clyde providing access to the city and the rest of Scotland for merchant shipping. The access to the Atlantic Ocean allowed the importation of American tobacco and cotton, and Caribbean sugar, which were then traded throughout the United Kingdom and Europe.
The de-silting of the Clyde in the 1770s allowed bigger ships to move further up the river, thus laying the foundations for industry and shipbuilding in Glasgow during the 19th century. The abundance of coal and iron in Lanarkshire led to Glasgow becoming an industrial city, and it eventually came to be known as "the Second City of the Empire". Cotton factories and textile mills became large employers in Glasgow and the local region. Trading allowed Glasgow to become one of the richest cities in the world, and the merchants constructed spectacular buildings and monuments and reinvested their money in industrial development, a municipal public transport system, parks, museums and libraries. As the city's wealth increased, its centre expanded westwards as the lush Victorian architecture of what is now known as the Merchant City area began to spring up. As this new development took place, the focus of Glasgow's central area moved away from its medieval origins at High Street, Trongate, Saltmarket and Rottenrow, and these areas fell into partial dereliction, something which is in places still evident to the present day.
However, the city's industrial dominance would eventually come to an end. Glasgow did not escape the effects of the Great Depression, and though the outbreak of the second world war temporarily arrested the ongoing decline, the period after the war saw the greatest decline in its industrial base. Although ships and trains were still being built on Clydeside (as of today, only three major shipyards remain on the River Clyde, two of which are owned by BAE Systems Naval Ships), cheap labour abroad reduced the competitiveness of Glasgow's industries. By the 1960s, Glasgow had gone into economic decline and Glasgow's function as a port diminished with the introduction of containerised freight.
Facing a future without the dominant heavy industries which had brought it much wealth in the past, the city began to depopulate the overcrowded centre, dispersing the population to outer areas and new towns and building new motorways in order to allow a new service based economy to flourish. The infamous tenement slums (many of which had been destroyed or badly damaged by wartime bombs) were replaced by a new generation of high rise housing and large suburban housing estates (known locally as "schemes"). Whilst the hundreds of new tower blocks changed the city's skyline forever, the high rise edifices broke up long established community relationships and social structures. Coupled to poor design and low quality construction, some of the blocks created as many problems as they solved and became magnets for crime and deprivation.
Since the 1980s, Glasgow has been rebuilding both its image and its architecture, with extensive efforts to clean and refurbish surviving tenement flats, redeveloping the western end of the central area into a financial district and hosting renowned festivals. Glasgow was named European City of Culture in 1990, followed by City of Architecture and Design in 1999 and European Capital of Sport in 2003. Glasgow now boasts the largest contemporary arts scene in the UK outside of London, which is centered around the annual 'Glasgow International' arts festival. Glasgow has also been selected as host city for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
Despite its northerly latitude, similar to that of Moscow, Glasgow's climate is classified as oceanic (Köppen Cfb). Data is available online for 3 official weather stations in the Glasgow area: Paisley, Abbotsinch and Bishopton. All are located to the West of the city centre. Owing to its westerly position and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, Glasgow is one of Scotland's milder areas. Temperatures are usually higher than most places of equal latitude away from the UK, due to the warming influence of the Gulf Stream. However, this results in less distinct seasons as compared to much of Western Europe. At Paisley, the annual precipitation averages 1,245 millimetres (49.0 in)
Winters are cool and overcast, with a January mean of 5.0 °C (41.0 °F), though lows sometimes fall below freezing. Since 2000 Glasgow has experienced few very cold, snowy and harsh winters where temperatures have fallen much below freezing. The most extreme instances have however seen temperatures around −12 °C (10 °F) in the area. Snowfall accumulation is infrequent and short-lived. The spring months (March to May) are usually mild and often quite pleasant. Many of Glasgow's trees and plants begin to flower at this time of the year and parks and gardens are filled with spring colours.
During the summer months (June to August) the weather can vary considerably from day to day ranging from relatively cool and wet to quite warm with the odd sunny day. Long dry spells of warm weather are generally very scarce. Overcast and humid conditions without rain are frequent. Generally the weather pattern is quite unsettled and erratic during these months, with only occasional heatwaves. The warmest month is usually July, with average highs above 20 °C (68 °F). Summer days can occasionally reach up to 27 °C (81 °F), and very rarely exceed 30° C (86° C). Autumns are generally cool to mild with increasing precipitation. During early autumn there can be some settled periods of weather and it can feel pleasant with mild temperatures and some sunny days.
Climate data for Glasgow
|Record high °C (°F)||13.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.9|
|Average low °C (°F)||1.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||−14.8|
|Source #1: Met Office|
Glasgow is located on the banks of the River Clyde, in West Central Scotland. Its second most important river is the Kelvin whose name was used in creating the title of Baron Kelvin and thereby ended up as the SI unit of temperature. On older maps Glasgow is shown within the area of the pre-1975 county of Lanarkshire; from 1975 to 1996 it appears within Strathclyde Region; more recent maps will generally show Glasgow as one of 32 Council Areas in Scotland.
Glasgow has the largest economy in Scotland and is at the hub of the metropolitan area of West Central Scotland. Glasgow also has the third highest GDP Per capita of any city in the UK (after London and Edinburgh). The city itself sustains more than 410,000 jobs in over 12,000 companies. Over 153,000 jobs were created in the city between 2000 and 2005 — a growth rate of 32%. Glasgow's annual economic growth rate of 4.4% is now second only to that of London. In 2005, over 17,000 new jobs were created, and 2006 saw private-sector investment in the city reaching £4.2 billion, an increase of 22% in a single year. 55% of the residents in the Greater Glasgow area commute to the city every day. Once dominant export orientated manufacturing industries such as shipbuilding and other heavy engineering have been gradually replaced in importance by more diversified forms of economic activity, although major manufacturing firms continue to be headquartered in the city, such as Aggreko, Weir Group, Clyde Blowers, Howden,Linn Products, Firebrand Games, William Grant & Sons, Whyte and Mackay, The Edrington Group, British Polar Engines and Albion Motors.
Glasgow was once one of the most significant cities in the UK for manufacturing, which generated a great deal of the city's wealth; the most prominent industry being shipbuilding based on the River Clyde. Although Glasgow owed much of its economic growth to the shipbuilding industry, which still continues today in the form of BAE Systems Maritime - Naval Ships' two shipyards, the city has its roots in the tobacco trade and is noted to have "risen from its medieval slumber" from trade in tobacco, pioneered by figures such as John Glassford. The city was also noted for its locomotive construction industry—led by firms such as the North British Locomotive Company—which grew during the 19th century before entering a decline in the 1960s.
Whilst manufacturing has declined, Glasgow's economy has seen significant relative growth of tertiary sector industries such as financial and business services, communications, biosciences, creative industries, healthcare, higher education, retail and tourism. Glasgow is now the second most popular foreign tourist destination in Scotland (fifth in the UK) and offers Scotland's largest retail centre.
Between 1998 and 2001, the city's financial services sector grew at a rate of 30%, making considerable gains on Edinburgh, which has historically been the centre of the Scottish financial sector. Glasgow is now one of Europe's sixteen largest financial centres, with a growing number of Blue chip financial sector companies establishing significant operations or headquarters in the city.
The 1990s and first decade of the 21st century saw substantial growth in the number of call centres based in Glasgow. In 2007 roughly 20,000 people, a third of all call centre employees in Scotland, were employed by Glasgow call centres. This growth and its high use of recruitment agencies to hire graduates as temporary workers has led to accusations of exploitative practices such as long hours, poor pay and lack of job security by the TUC and other union bodies. In recent years some call centres have taken steps to rectify this criticism.
The city's main manufacturing industries include companies involved in; shipbuilding, engineering, construction, brewing and distilling, printing and publishing, chemicals and textiles as well as newer growth sectors such as optoelectronics, software development and biotechnology. Glasgow forms the western part of the Silicon Glen high tech sector of Scotland.
The city centre is bounded by the High Street to the east, the River Clyde to the south and the M8 motorway to the west and north, which was built through theTownhead, Charing Cross, Cowcaddens and Anderston areas in the 1960s.
Retail and theatre district
The city centre is based on a grid system of streets on the north bank of the River Clyde. The heart of the city is George Square, site of many of Glasgow's public statues and the elaborate Victorian Glasgow City Chambers, headquarters of Glasgow City Council. To the south and west are the shopping precincts of Argyle Street,Sauchiehall Street and Buchanan Street, the last featuring more upmarket retailers and winner of the Academy of Urbanism "Great Street Award" 2008. The collection of shops around these streets accumulate to become known as "The Style Mile".
The main shopping centres are Buchanan Galleries and the St. Enoch Centre, with the up-market Princes Square, which specifically features shops such as Ted Baker, Radley and Kurt Geiger. The Italian Centre also specialises in designer labels. The London-based department store Selfridges purchased a site in the city some years ago as part of its plans to expand stores—plans now shelved, according to the company. Glasgow's retail portfolio forms the UK's second largest and most economically important retail sector after Central London.
The city centre is home to most of Glasgow's main cultural venues: the Theatre Royal (performing home of Scottish Opera and Scottish Ballet), the Pavilion Theatre, the King's Theatre, Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, Glasgow Film Theatre, Tron Theatre, Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA), Mitchell Library and Theatre, the Centre for Contemporary Arts, McLellan Galleries and the Lighthouse Museum of Architecture.The world's tallest cinema, the eighteen-screen Cineworld is situated on Renfrew Street. The city centre is also home to four of Glasgow's higher education institutions: the University of Strathclyde, the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland,Glasgow School of Art and Glasgow Caledonian University.
To the east is the commercial and residential district of Merchant City. The Merchant City was formerly the residential district of the wealthy city merchants in the 18th and early 19th centuries, particularly the Tobacco Lords from whom many of the streets take their name. As the Industrial Revolution and the wealth it brought to the city resulted in the expansion of Glasgow's central area westward, the original medieval centre was left behind. Glasgow Cross, situated at the junction of High Street, Gallowgate, Trongate and Saltmarket was the original centre of the city, symbolised by its Mercat cross. Glasgow Cross encompasses the Tolbooth Clock Tower; all that remains of the original City Chambers, which was destroyed by fire in 1926. Moving northward up High Street towards Rottenrow and Townhead lies the 15th century Glasgow Cathedral and the Provand's Lordship. Due to growing industrial pollution levels in the mid-to-late 19th century, the area fell out of favour with residents.
From the late 1980s onwards, the Merchant City has been rejuvenated with luxury city centre flats and warehouse conversions. This regeneration has supported an increasing number of cafés and restaurants.The area is also home to a number of high end boutique style shops and some of Glasgow's most upmarket stores.
The Merchant City is the centre of Glasgow's growing "cultural quarter", based on King Street, the Saltmarket and Trongate, and at the heart of the annual Merchant City Festival. The area has supported a huge growth in art galleries, the origins of which can be found in the late 1980s when it attracted artist-led organisations that could afford the cheap rents required to operate in vacant manufacturing or retail spaces. The artistic and cultural potential of the Merchant City as a "cultural quarter" was harnessed by independent arts organisations and Glasgow City Council, and the recent development of Trongate 103, which houses galleries, workshops, artist studios and production spaces, is considered a major outcome of the continued partnership between both. The area also contains a number of theatres and concert venues, including the Tron Theatre, the Old Fruitmarket, the Trades Hall, St. Andrew's in the Square, Merchant Square, and the City Halls.
To the western edge of the city centre, occupying the areas of Blythswood Hill and Anderston, lies Glasgow's financial district, known officially as the International Financial Services District(IFSD), although often irreverently nicknamed by the contemporary press as the "square kilometre" or "Wall Street on Clyde". Since the late 1980s the construction of many modern office blocks and high rise developments have paved the way for the IFSD to become one of the UK's largest financial quarters. With a reputation as an established financial services centre, coupled with comprehensive support services, Glasgow continues to attract and grow new business.
Of the 10 largest general insurance companies in the UK, 8 have a base or head office in Glasgow — including Direct Line, Esure, AXA and Norwich Union. Key banking sector companies have also moved some of their services to commercial property in Glasgow — Resolution, JPMorgan Chase, Abbey, HBOS, BarclaysWealth, Tesco Personal Finance, Morgan Stanley, Lloyds TSB, Clydesdale Bank,BNP Paribas, HSBC, Santander and the Royal Bank of Scotland. The Ministry of Defence have several departments and Clydeport, the Glasgow Stock Exchange,Student Loans Company, Scottish Executive Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning Department, BT Group, Scottish Friendly. Scottish Qualifications Authorityand Scottish Enterprise also have their headquarters based in the district. Royal Dutch Shell also have one of their six world-wide Shared Business Centres located in the IFSD. Hilton Worldwide have corporate office base in Cadogan Street.
Glasgow's West End is a bohemian district of cafés, tea rooms, bars, boutiques, upmarket hotels, clubs and restaurants in the hinterland of Kelvingrove Park, the University of Glasgow, Glasgow Botanic Gardens and the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, focused especially on the area's main thoroughfare, Byres Road. The area is popular with tourists, and contains many hotels.
The West End includes residential areas of Hillhead, Dowanhill, Kelvingrove,Kelvinside, Hyndland, Broomhill, and, to an increasing extent, Partick. The name is also increasingly being used to refer to any area to the west of Charing Cross. This includes areas such as Scotstoun, Jordanhill, Kelvindale and Anniesland.
The West End is bisected by the River Kelvin, which flows from the Campsie Fells in the north and confluences with the River Clyde at Yorkhill Quay.
The spire of Sir George Gilbert Scott's Glasgow University main building (the second largest Gothic Revival building in Great Britain) is a major landmark, and can be seen from miles around, sitting atop Gilmorehill. The university itself is the fourth oldest in the English-speaking world. Much of the city's student population is based in the West End, adding to its cultural vibrancy.
The area is also home to the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, Kelvin Hall International Sports Arena and the Henry Wood Hall (home of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra although they generally perform at the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall). Adjacent to the Kelvin Hall was the Museum of Transport, which reopened in 2010 after moving to a new location on a former dockland site at Glasgow Harbour where the River Kelvin flows into the Clyde. The new building is built to a design by Zaha Hadid. The West End Festival, one of Glasgow's largest festivals, is held annually in June.
Glasgow is the home of the SECC, Great Britain's largest exhibition and conference centre. On 30 September 2013, a major expansion of the SECC facilities at the former Queen's Dock by Foster and Partners officially opened – the 13,000 seat Hydro arena.
The East End extends from Glasgow Cross in the City Centre to the boundary with North and South Lanarkshire. It is home to the famous Glasgow Barrowland market, popularly known as "The Barras", Barrowland Ballroom,Glasgow Green, and Celtic Park, home of Celtic FC. Many of the original sandstone tenements remain in this district. The East End was once a major industrial centre, home to Sir William Arrol & Co., James Templeton & Co and William Beardmore and Company. A notable local employer continues to be the Wellpark Brewery, home of Tennent's Lager.
The Glasgow Necropolis Cemetery was created by the Merchants House on a hill above the cathedral in 1831. Routes curve through the landscape uphill to the 62-metre (203 ft) high statue of John Knox at the summit. There are two late 18th century tenements in Gallowgate. Dating from 1771 and 1780, both have been well restored. The construction of Charlotte Street was financed by David Dale, whose former pretensions can be gauged by the one remaining house, now run by the National Trust for Scotland. Further along Charlotte Street there stands a modern Gillespie, Kidd & Coia building of some note. Once a school, it has been converted into offices. Surrounding these buildings are a series of innovative housing developments conceived as "Homes for the Future", part of a project during the city's year as UK City of Architecture and Design in 1999.
East of Glasgow Cross is St Andrew's in the Square, the oldest post-Reformation church in Scotland, built in 1739–1757 and displaying a Presbyterian grandeur befitting the church of the city's wealthy tobacco merchants. Also close by is the more modest Episcopalian St Andrew's-by-the-Green, the oldest Episcopal church in Scotland. The Episcopalian St Andrew's was also known as the "Whistlin' Kirk" due to it being the first church after the Reformation to own an organ.
Overlooking Glasgow Green is the façade of Templeton On The Green, featuring vibrant polychromaticbrickwork intended to evoke the Doge's Palace in Venice.
The extensive Tollcross Park was originally developed from the estate of James Dunlop, the owner of a local steelworks. His large baronial mansion was built in 1848 by David Bryce, which later housed the city's Children's Museum until the 1980s. Today, the mansion is a sheltered housing complex.
The new Scottish National Indoor Sports Arena, a modern replacement for the Kelvin Hall, is planned for Dalmarnock. The area will also be the site of the Athletes' Villagefor the 2014 Commonwealth Games, located adjacent to the new indoor sports arena.
To the north of the East End lie the two massive gasometers of Provan Gas Works, which stand overlooking Alexandra Park and a major interchange between the M8 and M80 motorways. Often used for displaying large city advertising slogans, the towers have become an unofficial portal into the city for road users arriving from the north and east.
The East End Healthy Living Centre (EEHLC) was established in mid-2005 at Crownpoint Road with Lottery Funding and City grants to serve community needs in the area. Now called the Glasgow Club Crownpoint Sports Complex, the centre provides service such as sports facilities, health advice, stress management, leisure and vocational classes.
Much of the wealth of the south side is in the towns of Whitecraigs, Giffnock andThorntonhall. Some of the poorest areas contain many benefit claimants. Examples of these are Castlemilk and Arden. Some working class areas that are still not very affluent exist in the form of Thornliebank.
Glasgow's South Side sprawls out south of the Clyde, covering areas including:
- King's Park
- Kinning Park
- Mount Florida
Some of Glasgow's outer suburbs include:
- Newton Mearns
All six of these suburbs are in the East Renfrewshire council area. Cambuslang andRutherglen were included in the City of Glasgow district from 1975 to 1996, however they now lie within the South Lanarkshire council area and they became their own settlements.
Although predominantly residential, the area does have several notable public buildings including, Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Scotland Street School Museumand House for an Art Lover; the world famous Burrell Collection in Pollok Country Park; Alexander 'Greek' Thomson's Holmwood House villa; the National Football Stadium Hampden Park in Mount Florida, (home of Queens Park FC) and Ibrox Stadium, (home of Rangers FC).
The former docklands site at Pacific Quay on the south bank of the River Clyde, opposite the SECC, is the site of the Glasgow Science Centre and the new headquarters for BBC Scotland and STV Group (owner of STV), which have relocated there to a new purpose built digital media campus.
In addition, several new bridges spanning the River Clyde have been built or are currently planned, including the Clyde Arc known by locals as the Squinty Bridge at Pacific Quay and others at Tradeston and Springfield Quay.
The South Side also includes many great parks, including Linn Park, Queen's Park,Bellahouston Park and Rouken Glen Park, and several golf clubs, including the championship course at Haggs Castle. The South Side is also home to Pollok Country Park, which was awarded the accolade of Europe's Best Park 2008. Pollok Park is Glasgow's largest park and the only country park within the city boundaries. It is also home to Poloc Cricket Club. The name was taken from one of the early spellings of the area, to differentiate it from Pollok F.C.
Govan is a district and former burgh in the south-western part of the city. It is situated on the south bank of the River Clyde, opposite Partick. It was an administratively independent Police Burgh from 1864 until it was incorporated into the expanding city of Glasgow in 1912. Govan has a legacy as an engineering and shipbuilding centre of international repute and is home to one of two BAE Systems Surface Ships shipyards on the River Clyde and the precision engineering firm,Thales Optronics. It is also home to the Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, one of the largest hospitals in the country, and the maintenance depot for the Glasgow Subway system.
North Glasgow extends out from the north of the city centre towards the affluent suburbs of Bearsden, Milngavie and Bishopbriggs in East Dunbartonshire and Clydebank in West Dunbartonshire. The area also contains some of the city's poorest residential areas. Possilpark is one such area, where levels of unemployment and drug abuse continue to be above the national average. Much of the housing in areas such as Possilpark and Hamiltonhill had fallen into a state of disrepair in recent years.
This has led to large scale redevelopment of much of the poorer housing stock in north Glasgow, and the wider regeneration of many areas, such as Ruchill, which have been transformed; many run-down tenements have now been refurbished or replaced by modern housing estates. Much of the housing stock in north Glasgow is rented social housing, with a high proportion of high-rise tower blocks, managed by the North Glasgow Housing Association trading as NG Homes and Glasgow Housing Association.
Maryhill consists of well maintained traditional sandstone tenements. Although historically a working class area, its borders with the upmarket West End of the city mean that it is relatively wealthy compared to the rest of the north of the city, containing affluent areas such as Maryhill Park and North Kelvinside. Maryhill is also home to Firhill Stadium, home of Partick Thistle F.C. since 1909. The junior team,Maryhill F.C. are also located in this part of north Glasgow.
The Forth and Clyde Canal passes through this part of the city, and at one stage formed a vital part of the local economy. It was for many years polluted and largely unused after the decline of heavy industry, but recent efforts to regenerate and re-open the canal to navigation have seen it rejuvenated.
Sighthill was home to Scotland's largest asylum seeker community but area is now regenerated as part of Youth Olympic Games bid.
A huge part of the economic life of Glasgow was once located in Springburn, where the Saracen Foundry, engineering works of firms like Charles Tennant and locomotive workshops employed many Glaswegians. Indeed, Glasgow dominated this type of manufacturing, with 25% of all the world's locomotives being built in the area at one stage. It was home to the headquarters of the North British Locomotive Company. Today part of the St. Rollox railway works continues in use as a railway maintenance facility, all that is left of the industry in Springburn.
Glasgow's area code (for landline numbers) is 0141. When calling from outside the UK, drop the leading 0 and use the UK international dial code +44.
There is a free public wifi service in the main city centre shopping streets including Buchanan Street and Sauchihall Street. Connect to "GlasgowCC Wifi".
If you are travelling with a laptop then you will find broadband internet access in the rooms of most, but not all, medium to high end hotels. If this is important to you, check before booking.
There are also several places that offer web and other internet access if you are travelling without a laptop. These include:
- Yeeha Internet, 48 West George Street (30 seconds from Queen Street Station), .
- i-Cafe, 250 Woodlands Road (5mins from Kelvinbridge Subway, West End), .
- Glasgow Coffeeshop (SYHA), 8 Park Terrace, . 2 Internet terminals available in the basement cafe of Glasgow Youth Hostel, non-residents welcome.
- Offshore Coffee Shop, Gibson Street (beside the river Kelvin in the West End). Offers free wireless access and has good coffee. There is also an art gallery in the basement.
Prices in Glasgow
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€1.75|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||€8.40|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||€30.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||€60.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||€92.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||€6.00|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||€4.20|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||€4.15|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||€9.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||€11.00|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||€0.19|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||€10.50|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||€1.80|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||€75.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||€39.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||€77.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||€2.40|
68 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
223 € per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Glasgow is served by two main airports close to the city: Glasgow (International) Airport and Glasgow Prestwick Airport. Edinburgh Airport is approximately 35mi/60km east of Glasgow.
Glasgow (International) Airport
Glasgow Airport (IATA: GLA) is 8mi/13km west of the centre of Glasgow near the towns of Paisley and Renfrew, this is the city's principal airport, and the main direct long haul and transatlantic entry airport into Scotland. There are regular scheduled UK and European destinations, holiday charters, and the airport is the hub for the Scottish island network operated by Loganair. United Airlines operate a daily service from New York (Newark), while Emirates operate 2 daily flights to Dubai. If you are entering the United Kingdom via London, British Airways operates frequent shuttle flights to Glasgow Airport throughout the day from both Heathrow and Gatwick. British Airways also operates a regular business shuttle from London City airport, although it can be considerably more expensive than flying from Heathrow or Gatwick -but cheap fares are sometimes available if you book via a price comparison site, rather than going to BA direct. Alternatively, KLM flies regularly to Glasgow from Amsterdam-Schiphol which connects with a wide range of international destinations. EasyJet flies from Luton, Stansted and Gatwick.
The Glasgow Shuttle service 500 departs frequent from outside the terminal building at stance 1 to the city centre, dropping off near both main railway stations Glasgow Queen Street and Glasgow Central) and the bus terminal Buchanan St Bus Station. The service runs 24 hours and up to every 10 minutes. Tickets cost £7.00 single, £9.50 open return (within 28 days) and can be paid in cash or by card or booked online in advance. Group discounts (2 or more) are possible. WiFi is available.
The local McGill's bus 66 is the slowest, but cheapest option, operated as often as every 10 min to Paisley Gilmour Street train station, where regular trains run to Glasgow Central in as little as 10 min. It leaves from stance 7. Travelling to the airport you can buy an inclusive train and bus ticket from any train station: just ask for Glasgow Airport and show the bus driver your train ticket. Travelling from the airport buy a coupon for £1.50 from the SPT Travel Information counter beside domestic arrivals, show it to the driver and then and use it for £1.50 of credit towards onward train travel from Paisley Gilmour Street station. A single from Glasgow Central to/from the airport costs £3.20, or £1.80 with a National Rail railcard.
Glasgow International Airport has 2 terminals. All passengers arrive in the first terminal arrivals hall. The first terminal is used for Thomson, Emirates, Jet2, Iberia and many more. Terminal 2 is only used for check in for Thomas Cook, Aer Lingus, Canadian Affair and Virgin. Glasgow Airport also has 2 prayer rooms: One in the 2nd set of departure gates and the other in the arrivals hall.
There are 3 customs "channels." The blue channel is for those arriving directly from EEA countries (EU, plus Norway, Luxembourg, Andorra, Iceland, Liechtenstein) and Switzerland. If you're coming from any other country (including the Isle of Man, Channel Islands, Canary Islands), you should choose either the green channel or, if you are not sure or have something to declare, the red channel. The airport's usually not too crowded but there can sometimes be a crush at check-in and security.
A number of hotels serve Glasgow International Airport. The closest is Holiday Inn Glasgow Airport, which is directly across from the terminals. A number of other hotels are close by, but require shuttles to and from the terminal, or a further walk.
- Airparks Glasgow, Burnbrae Drive, Linwood, Paisley. Safety measures: high-fencing, floodlights, 24-hour CCTV and security patrols. Trailers are permitted within this car park at Glasgow but an extra space will be charged.
- Glasgow Long Stay, Arran Avenue, Glasgow Airport, Paisley. 10 min from the airport. There are parking bays for Blue Badge holders near the bus stops. The courtesy coaches are wheelchair accessible and DDA compliant. Safety measures: 24 hours a day, has 24-hour CCTV, and is fully fenced and floodlit.
It is possible to ride your bicyle to the airport.
Glasgow Prestwick Airport
Glasgow Prestwick Airport (IATA: PIK) is south west of Glasgow (about 32mi/51km) on the Ayrshire coast. Famously fog free and with a long runway. This was the city's secondary airport and a major hub for Ryanair and several other low cost carriers before routes went into steep decline in 2013. Now only Ryanair operates 16 scheduled routes, flying into Prestwick predominantly from Ireland, Italy and Spain with some useful routes from various destinations in Eastern Europe. Ryanair also run various seasonal services to Mediterranean resorts. This is the list for Summer 2015: Alicante (ALC), Barcelona (BCN), Carcassonne (CCF), Corfu (CFU), Crete (Chania) (CHQ), Derry (LDY), Dublin (DUB), Faro (FAO), Fuerteventura (FUE), Ibiza (IBZ), Knock (NOC) in Ireland, Lanzarote (ACE), Las Palmas (LPA), Malta (MLA), Malaga (AGP), Murcia (MJV), Palma Mallorca (PMI), Pisa (PSA), Reus (Barcelona) (REU), Riga (RIX), Rome (Ciampino) (CIA), Tenerife South (TFS), Warsaw (WMI) and Wroclaw (WRO).
Some holiday charter flights fly into Prestwick rather than Glasgow's main airport.
The A77/M77 roads run directly from Prestwick into the centre of Glasgow if you intend to drive.
The airport has its own railway station (PRA), with three (Mon-Sat) or two (Sun) trains per hour to Glasgow Central (show your flight paperwork to get a £3.55 half price ticket; the journey takes around 50 minutes). All trains to Ayr and Stranraer call at the airport. There are also a few direct trains to Edinburgh (via Glasgow Central) which take about 2h15min. If you show your flight confirmation and ID when purchasing a train ticket to/from the airport within Scotland, you only pay 50% of the standard fare.
The Stagecoach West bus X77 also runs from Buchanan Bus Station to the airport throughout the day, and crucially covers the times (early morning and late evening) when the trains are not running. Travellers wishing to use the X77 bus must book their ticket on-line via the Prestwick Airport website at least 12 hours prior to departure, in order to guarantee a place on the bus. The bus takes about 50min.
Edinburgh Airport (IATA: EDI) is easily accessible from Glasgow since it is on the western edge of Edinburgh, approximately 35mi/60km away and about an hours drive via the M8 motorway or by train.
- , . (premium rate from mobiles & many landlines)Daily 04:00-22:15 at roughly 30min intervals. Non-stop express coach service from Glasgow Buchanan Street Bus Station to Edinburgh Airport with journey times of about 60min. £11 sgl, £18 rtn, Family of up to 2 Adults and 3 Children £25 sgl, £39 rtn.
Useful as both Ryanair and EasyJet have a number of European routes that are not available from either Glasgow International or the rapidly declining Prestwick.
This airport can also easily be reached from Haymarket railway station (all trains from Glasgow call there) via tram or dedicated bus.
Glasgow has two main line railway stations. Trains from the south of Scotland, the city's southern suburbs and all long distance trains from England arrive at Central Station (GLC) (officially known as Glasgow Central), while shuttle trains from Edinburgh and anywhere north of Glasgow arrive at Queen Street Station (GLQ). Both Central and Queen Street stations have left luggage lockers. The stations are an easy ten minute walk apart and the route is well signposted, or there's a frequent shuttle bus between them, which is free if you are holding a through railway ticket otherwise a fare of 50p is charged if you don't.
The tunnel at the entrance to Glasgow Queen Street will be closed for upgrading from 20 March to 8 August 2016. This will result in delays to trains serving Queen Street, as they will all use the two low level platforms (normally only used by local services) and some trains will use Central station instead. Check times online before travelling.
Most trains within Scotland are run by ScotRail.
Confusingly, there are four rail routes between the capital and Glasgow's two main line terminals. An off-peak return is around £11.50, regardless which route you use, a peak return is around £20. In summary the four routes are as follows - all depart from both Waverley and Haymarket stations:
- Fastest: The ScotRail Shuttle via Falkirk High into Queen Street (High Level) - every 15 minutes on weekdays until 18:30, half hourly outside these times. Journey time 50min. Note that if travelling between 20th March and 8th August 2016, this route will be diverted due to improvement works at Queen Street Station and you'll be quicker taking the Bathgate and Airdrie route to Queen Street Low Level, listed below.
- Faster: CrossCountry or East Coast trains via Motherwell into Central (High Level) - trains originating from Penzance, Plymouth, Bristol, Birmingham or London King's Cross make the journey at sporadic intervals throughout the day - journey time approx 1 hour. CrossCountry services have the cheapest walk-up one way fare between the two cities, of £7.50 for an Anytime single.
Some services via Shotts run limited stop every hour with journey times of approx 65min.
- Slow: Via Bathgate and Airdrie into Queen Street (Low Level) en route to Milngavie or Helensburgh Central - every half hour, journey time 80 min.
- Very Slow: Via Shotts or Carstairs into Central (High Level) - every hour, journey time up to 90min.
Note that if you're planning to visit Glasgow from Edinburgh (or vice versa) for longer than a day, it's cheaper to buy a return ticket between Glasgow and Eskbank (17.4GBP off peak), rather than two singles between Glasgow and Edinburgh (12.5x2=25GBP off peak). This is because Glasgow-Edinburgh is less than the magic 50 miles at which national rail start selling period returns, but extending the journey to Eskbank just tips it over. Since a flexible ticket allows you to break your journey anywhere en route, this ticket is valid between Glasgow Central or Queen Street and Edinburgh.
From London and the South
Glasgow can be reached from London by either the West Coast or East Coast main lines. The quality and reliability of the rail services has improved a lot over the years, and it can be cheaper and almost as fast as flying once the time spent travelling to airports with their associated security hassles is taken into account.
- Faster: Virgin Trains run 13 trains a day from London Euston via the West Coast route. Journey time is 4.5hr, with one northbound express completing the 400 mile journey in just over 4hr. Single one-way fares £17.50 is booked up to 12 weeks in advance, rising to £59. Open off-peak return £110. Virgin also operate a two-hourly service from Birmingham.
- Slower: East Coast run 1 direct train a day from London King's Cross via the East Coast route (taking in York and Newcastle also), with a roughly hourly service to Edinburgh throughout the day, which connects with the Shuttle (see above). Journey time 5h45-6h30 (if connecting at Edinburgh). Single one-way fares start at £12.50 one way if booked on-line and up to 12 weeks in advance. Open off-peak returns are the same as for Virgin Trains.
The Caledonian Sleeper is an overnight sleeper train that runs every night except Saturday to/from London Euston The journey takes approximately 8 hours, although is deliberately scheduled for a late departure and a reasonable arrival time. Tickets can be booked in the usual manner at any main line railway station in Britain or on-line: the cost of a return journey to Glasgow from London varies from around £100 for two one-way "Advance" tickets rising to the full open return fare of £165 (being the basic fare plus the cost of the sleeping berth in a compartment with either one or two beds). Note that solo travellers may have to share the sleeping compartment with a stranger of the same gender. You can also travel in a seated carriage for around £23 one-way or £95 return (full fare). Certain BritRail passes can be used to buy tickets on the Sleeper trains, but supplements are payable for the berth: check before leaving your home country.
Apart from the Edinburgh shuttles, the key inter-city rail routes to Glasgow from elsewhere in Scotland are as follows:
- Aberdeen and Dundee (via Perth): Hourly into Queen Street (High Level) throughout the day.
- Inverness (via Perth): Every two hours into Queen Street (High Level) throughout the day
- Stirling - Half Hourly (approximately) into Queen Street (High Level) throughout the day.
- Fort William, Oban and Mallaig: Three trains per day into Queen Street (High Level). In addition, the overnight sleeper train to London Euston calls at Westerton in the late evening where it is possible to change to a service into either Central or Queen Street Low Level.
- Stranraer: Four trains per day into Central (High Level)
- Ayr (via Prestwick Airport and Troon): Half Hourly into Central (High Level)
Other Rail Services
All national inter-city routes operate into Central (High Level).
Virgin Trains operate direct services to/from Birmingham New Street.
First Transpennine Express operate a direct service to Glasgow from Manchester Airport and Manchester Piccadilly.
CrossCountry operate a handful of early morning and late evening trains to/from the South West of England via Edinburgh, Newcastle, York, Sheffield, Birmingham New Street and Bristol.
Long-distance bus services arrive at Buchanan Bus Station (in the city centre, very close to Buchanan Street/Queen Street train stations). The main operator is Scottish Citylink, but Stagecoach also runs a budget inter-city bus service called Megabus. Somewhat confusingly, however, the two operators often combine and merge services, so you may be put on a Citylink bus when you hold a Megabus reservation and vice versa. There are even buses to Poland, setting off from Glasgow around midnight every Monday, Friday and Sunday.
The main approaches to Glasgow are the following:
- from England on the M74 motorway; Glasgow is about 150 km north of the border
- from Edinburgh (east) or Glasgow Airport (west) on the M8 motorway
- from Stirling and all points north and east on the M80 motorway
- from the West Highlands on the A82 dual carriageway
Note - in 2011 the M74 Extension was completed, now allowing an alternative route into the city centre via the South Side. As of November 2011, many GPS services still do not recognise the new route, and therefore bear this in mind if using sat-nav to navigate your way into the city
All routes converge on the M8, which carves through the city centre. Glasgow has no credible park-and-ride system, but some of the subway and suburban railway stations do have small car parks. There is also the Shields Road Park and Ride site, which services the city centre. A bus park-and-ride is due to open shortly near Hampden Park which allows easy access from junction 1A of the M74.
On-street parking in the both the City Centre and West End is limited and expensive, metered bays are available at the side of the road and you pay at an adjacent machine and display a ticket in your windscreen or dashboard. The prices are typically 30-40p (depending on location) for every 12 minutes. In general, parking charges are levied Monday to Saturday (this INCLUDES public holidays) and free after 18:30 and all day Sundays. But always check what the controlled hours are - these are shown on the ticket machines themselves and on adjacent signs. If attempting to park on the free periods - get there as early as possible before the locals do. Some parking areas are for residents only: DON'T be tempted to use them as you run the risk of being towed away!
There are many multi-storey car parks in the city centre; they are clearly signposted into "East", "West", "North" and "South" zones on all the approaches into the central area with an electronic display showing how many spaces are left in each. They don't, however, differentiate between the expensive NCP ones and the cheaper ones inside shopping malls or run by the council.
A cheaper way of parking is to make use of the parking facilities at Subway stations located on the outskirts of the city (Shields Road station has the largest car park - 800 spaces). £5.00 buys you parking all day and a return journey into the city centre.
In general, driving in Glasgow's central area should be avoided if you are not a confident driver, as there are one way systems, bus lanes and pedestrian precincts. Glaswegians are not the most patient drivers in the world, and they particularly dislike hesitancy (taxi drivers being the worst culprits). Parking restrictions are strictly enforced, and vehicles parked illegally or in an obstructive manner may be towed away and the owner of the vehicle would be liable for a £150 release charge to recover it.
As of May 2012, the city has introduced licence plate recognition cameras and extra manned patrols on the bus lanes within the city centre, getting caught will incur a £30 fixed penalty!
If, however, you are confident enough to hire a car or require it to save money on your travel, all the major rental companies and some lesser ones are at the airport. You should book your car rental in advance to avoid disappointment and can do so from price comparison companies such as Glasgow Airport Car Hire. Visitors from the United States and Canada should note that car rental companies will allocate you a manual transmission car by default, unless you specifically ask for an automatic.
From Ireland, car and foot passengers have a number of convenient ports close to Glasgow. For those travelling with a car, the nearest ferry ports are Troon and Cairnryan for multiple daily P&O Irish Sea ferries from Larne in Northern Ireland. Alternatively, Stena Line operate ferries and the faster Stena HSS several times a day between the Port of Belfast and Stranraer.
Through train tickets are available from any railway station in the UK to any railway station in Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland via Stranraer, where the train station is adjacent to the ferry terminal. Fares start at £30 one way (£18.90 with a railcard) for Belfast to Glasgow (available on the day of travel from most railway stations) taking about five hours. Similarly, Scottish Citylink sell inclusive coach and ferry tickets between Belfast and Glasgow and Edinburgh.
There is DFDS Seaways ferry from Holland to Newcastle and drive. This takes 3 hours from Newcastle to Glasgow city centre.
Transportation - Get Around
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport(SPT) is the local agency which operates the subway, a few specialist bus services and allegedly co-ordinates public transport in the Greater Glasgow area. However, for three successive years now it has been unable to produce a local public transport map showing the routes of the many different operators. Look on the bright side: you'll have to ask the helpful locals how to get somewhere and, in the city centre, which stance to catch your bus from - the stances (bus stops) keep changing!
In June 2013, the largest local bus operator, FirstGlasgow, printed a "Glasgow Bus map and guide" which also showed the routes and numbers of some other bus operators besides their own. The bad news is that by July 2013 they had become as rare as hen's teeth; however, even this rarity still does not show the positions of all the various bus companies' different stances in the city centre.
Nevertheless, Glasgow's public transport system is one of the most extensive in the UK outside of London.
The centre of Glasgow is very pedestrian-friendly with major shopping streets given over to foot traffic. As you move out of the city centre, all areas have proper pavements, and most major junctions have pedestrian crossings. The River Clyde also has several foot bridge crossings. The main difficulty with walking out of the centre of town is finding where the crossings over/under the M8 are. As you head west, some roads appear to go over Charing Cross only for the pavement to disappear. As you head north, the underpasses at Cowcaddens can sometimes feel unwelcoming.
On 7 Jul 2013 the infamous "Bridge to Nowhere" over the 9 lane M8 Motorway became a bridge to somewhere after being boarded up for more than 40 years. Built in the 1970s to link Anderston with a shopping centre that was never built, this pedestrian and cycle bridge now links Central Station (via Argyle St) with the Forth and Clyde Canals (via Kelvingrove Park) or the new developments at Pacific Quay (via Bell's Bridge).
The climate in Glasgow means the road network is plagued by potholes. As such, during heavy rain walkers should be aware and careful of road potholes filled with rainwater which passing traffic (especially buses!) can and will travel through, soaking unwary nearby walkers.
Glasgow walking directions can be planned on-line with the walkit.com walking route planner.
Glasgow's subway runs in a double circle around the Glasgow city centre and some inner suburbs. It's the third oldest subway system in the world after the London Underground and the Budapest Metro and is in the midst of a major facelift. Locals will never refer to the subway as "the clockwork orange" and will likely wince if you do so.
The Subway runs from the city centre through to the West End (around Glasgow University), then runs south of the Clyde through Ibrox Stadium and back into the city. Direct interchanges with surface trains are at Buchanan Street and Partick stations; Argyle Street interchanges with Central station through a short walk on street level.
The system operates approximately 6:30-23:15 (first and last train) on all days, except Sunday when it operates approximately 10:00-17:50 (first and last train). Trains generally run every 4-8 minutes. The Outer Circle runs clock-wise, the Inner Circle runs counter-clockwise. One complete circle takes 24 minutes.
The system uses smart card ticketing. Smartcards are free if you order them in advance to a UK address, or £3 if bought at the station for immediate use. They can be topped up with an arbitrary amount (although credit/debit card topups under £5 incur a charge). Your first journey of the day is £1.40, the second is £1.30 and subsequent journeys are free, meaning you pay £2.70 for unlimited travel. No bikes are allowed. The system was built in the 19th Century, so no stations are easily accessible to wheelchairs or pushchairs, but staff assistance is available at all stations.
Paper tickets are also available at all stations, but the tariff for these is more expensive at £1.60 for a single, £3 return, and £4 for unlimited rides that day. Tickets are issued per ride, rather than by distance, so single and return fares are the same no matter how many stations you wish to travel through. You need the ticket to exit the stations.
The PLUSBUS rail ticket add-on does not include the subway system.
Suburban trains radiate from Central and Queen Street stations to the suburbs and surrounding towns. The network is the largest in the UK outside of London, although there are only two trains per hour on some routes; others are much more frequent. Central serves the dense suburban network which sprawls throughout the southern suburbs of the city, as well as outer suburban services to the Inverclyde and Ayrshire coasts. The underground lower level platforms of both Central and Queen Street stations are hubs for the east-west electric network north of the river which provide useful links to the West End (thus complementing the Subway) and further west to the northern Clyde coast towns of Dumbarton, Helensburgh and Balloch, the gateway to Loch Lomond and the Southern Highlands. More recently, the Low Level line from Queen Street has been extended eastwards to the West Lothian towns of Bathgate and Livingston and to Edinburgh.
Bikes go free, but many trains have no bike spaces. The SPT Day Tripper ticket (explained below) gives you complete freedom of the network, and the Roundabout ticket (also explained below) gives off-peak freedom of the suburban train network within the city boundary only as well as the Subway.
Unlike the situation in Edinburgh, Glasgow buses delight in racing past bus stops unless you clearly signal them to stop.
Buses go everywhere. First Glasgow is the main operator within the city boundary. There is a bus at least every 10 min on main routes during the day, making it easy to get into the centre of town, though getting out to a specific destination less easy. However, services on many routes are much less frequent in the evening. In the city centre, buses do not always stop at every stop on their route, so check the sign at the stop. Stops are clearly marked with the services that stop there.
First buses do not give change as the driver has no access to cash: you put your money in a slot that checks the amount and deposits it in a storage box. A single ticket costs £2, an all-day ticket that can be used on any First bus costs £4.30, a weekly ticket £15.50 (£13 for students). Some other bus operators, however, give change.
Glasgow SimpliCITY, operated by First Group, offers frequent bus service in the city centre and to some cities in the metropolitan area.
Other bus operators within the city are McGill and Stagecoach West Scotland which operate services out to the outlying towns in Renfrewshire and Ayrshire respectively: the day/weekly passes bought on First buses will not be valid on these, with the exception of SPT Day Tripper and ZoneCards (explained below).
One of the current scourges of Glasgow, however (in the opinion of locals, at least), is the myriad of private bus operators that supposedly "complement" the core services operated by First and McGill's. In reality, many merely duplicate the routes that already exist: the net result has been the city centre being clogged up with empty (and often badly maintained) buses, and for the visitor the key thing to remember is that some of these operators do not accept any of the SPT day passes. On the flip side, they keep the somewhat extortionate prices of First Glasgow in check. The situation is currently a political hot potato among locals.
SPT offers a number of different daily combined bus/rail travel tickets aimed at the visitor.
- The Mackintosh Trail Ticket gives you, for £16, unlimited travel on the SPT Subway and First's bus services in Greater Glasgow after 09:30 Monday to Friday and all day on Saturday and Sunday. It also includes entry to all participating Mackintosh attractions in and around Glasgow.
- The Discovery ticket allows unlimited travel on the subway only at off-peak times during the week or all day on weekends, and costs £3.50 (adult). If you have a car, a park-and-ride version (around £7) is available which also includes a whole day's parking at any of the subway car parks.
- The Roundabout ticket gives complete freedom of the subway and the suburban rail network within the Greater Glasgow area, which includes the city boundary and most of the surrounding towns, for £5.60 after 09:30 Monday to Friday and all day on Saturday and Sunday.
- Alternatively. the Day Tripper ticket covers the entire Strathclyde rail network, which extends as far south as Girvan in Ayrshire, some 55 mi south of Glasgow, and Ardlui at the northern tip of Loch Lomond some 40 mi north. It has the added advantage of being accepted by most bus operators in the Strathclyde region and on the Kilcreggan and Renfrew ferries. Two versions are available for 1 adult and up to 2 children (£10.20) or 2 adults and up to 4 children (£18.20). You can buy it only from a staffed rail station or an SPT Travel Centre.
- If you are in town for a week or more, SPT's ZoneCard might be useful. It can be used on suburban trains, buses, and the underground and is valid all day, even in the morning. Prices vary depending on how long you want it for (1 week to 1 year) and how many zones that you want it to cover.
Like most major British cities, you have two options. Your first option is the traditional London-style black cabs which can be hailed from the side of the road (look out for the yellow "Taxi" sign being illuminated). The fleet is operated by Glasgow Taxis, and can also be ordered by telephone (+44 141 429-7070). There are taxi ranks outside Central and Queen Street railway stations, adjacent to George Square and along the southern end of Queen Street itself. There is also a taxi rank located at Buchanan Bus Station. For a journey from say the centre of town to the West End expect to pay around £5-£6, from the city centre out to the suburbs around £10-£12. Be aware that some drivers will refuse to take you outside the city boundary, but some will if you offer a good price to them.
Your second option is by private hire or minicab. Unlike the black cabs, these cannot be hailed, and you must book by telephone. There is a myriad of private hire operators which are cheaper than black cabs: their phone numbers are clearly displayed on the back of the vehicles. Never use unlicenced private taxis, which can sometimes be seen touting for business outside nightclubs near closing time and near legitimate taxi ranks. Always look for the yellow Glasgow City Council licencing plate attached to the rear bumper of the vehicle if unsure. Glasgow Private Hire is one of the biggest taxi fleets in Europe and has thousands of cars, which service all areas of the city. They can be reached on a variety of different numbers (including +44 141 774-3000). Another popular alternative is Hampden Cabs, which services most of the city and surrounding area. Hampden Cabs can be contacted on +44 141 649-5050.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
Glasgow can be a surprisingly upmarket retail destination. The shopping is the some of the best in Scotland, and generally accepted as the number two shopping experience in Britain after London. Buchanan Street is the seventh most expensive place for retail space in the world, which means that there's an increasing number of designer clothes shops in areas like the Merchant City. Alongside this, the City Council is putting pressure on more traditional shopping centres like the Barras Market where you can get remarkably similar-looking clothes for a more sensible price.
The nucleus of Glasgow shopping is the so-called "Golden Z", made up of the continuous pedestrianised thoroughfares of Argyle Street, Buchanan Street and Sauchiehall Street. Here, virtually all of the major British big name retailers are represented. Buchanan Street is the most upmarket of the three, with prestigious names such as House of Fraser, Apple Store and Zara and other specialised designer stores. Ingram Street in the Merchant City has seen a boom in recent years and attracts exclusive, premium brands like Bose, Bang and Olufsen, Ralph Lauren and so on.
Bath Street and Hope Street run parallel to the main pedestrianised streets, and if you want to get away from "chain store hell", they have a fine selection of more quirky, local independent retailers selling everything from fine art, Scottish clothing, antiques and specialist hi-fi.
There are larger shopping malls on the city outskirts at Braehead, Silverburn and Glasgow Fort.
- Barras (in the East End). Open 10:00-17:00 every weekend; weekday opening in the weeks immediately before Christmas. Barras is the essential Glasgow shopping experience. Hundreds of market stalls selling everything you could possibly want and a load of other stuff too. Free entertainment available from time to time when the Police raid the place for counterfeit goods. The market is notorious for counterfeit goods: especially DVDs and clothing. Pirated DVDs should be avoided at all costs, as the quality is often very poor.
- Buchanan Galleries (at the Northern end of Buchanan Street). A large shopping mall in the heart of the city centre which has all the usual British high street stores, its anchor tenant is the John Lewis partnership, regularly voted best store in Britain and with unusually knowledgeable and conscientious sales staff.
- St Enoch Centre. Europe's largest glass roofed building - this huge mall is on St Enoch Square between Argyle Street and Buchanan Street, and a major extension and refurbishment programme was completed in 2010.
- Princes Square (off Buchanan Street in the city centre). An upmarket mall specialising in designer clothes shops, jewellery and audio equipment. Grande Dame of British fashion, Vivienne Westwood has a store as well as a separate jewellery concession in Princes Square.
- Argyle Arcade. The city's jewellery quarter housing Scotland's largest collection of jewellery shops. The L-shaped arcade connects Argyle Street and Buchanan Street. Shops here vary considerably - there are a selection of cheaper jewellery shops and a selection of luxury prestigious jewellers. Very commonly used as a short cut for shoppers between Buchanan Street and Argyle Street.
- De Courcy's Arcade, Cresswell Lane (Located just off Byres Road in the West End. Subway: Hillhead). An unusual little shopping arcade by yer maws with lots of second hand music and book shops and independent gift shops.
- Byres Road. Check out the chichi shops and vintage stores in the West End
The city has won the title "Curry Capital of Britain" two years running and has a huge and dynamic range of restaurants, Indian or otherwise. Despite Glasgow being the home town of culinary hero Gordon Ramsay, there are no Michelin-starred fine dining establishments in the city (Glasgow's sole Michelin starred restaurant, Amaryllis - owned by Ramsay himself - embarrassingly folded in 2004), nevertheless there are scores of highly regarded eateries in the city. The restaurants below are some of the culinary highlights of Glasgow.
- The Ubiquitous Chip, 12 Ashton Lane, West End (Subway - Hillhead). Of all Ashton Lane's establishments, "The Chip" as it is popularly known by locals is certainly its most celebrated and most famous. Established by the late great Ronnie Clydesdale - a local legend - this local restaurant has been serving up top quality food using Scottish produce since the early 1970s and is frequently lauded as one of Scotland's finest restaurants. On the expensive side, but well worth it. Booking absolutely essential.
- Arisaig, 1 Merchant Square, Candleriggs, Merchant City (nearest railway: Queen Street). Another celebrated Glasgow eatery, bar and brasserie notable for its extensive list of wines and Scottish malt whiskies. Also has music nights.
- The Red Onion, 247 West Campbell Street (nearest railway: Central/Charing Cross). Perched high up on Blythswood Hill, this locally owned restaurant uses local produce within international dishes produced by recognised chef John Quigley.
- Rogano, 11 Exchange Place (nearest railway: Queen Street).Legendary seafood restaurant just off Buchanan Street, and Glasgow oldest eatery - surviving since the 1930s with most of its original Art Deco interior still intact. Rogano is a Glasgow institution, but beware, especially if you get sucked into their vintage wine list, this place can be extremely expensive.
- The Grill Room at The Square, 29 Royal Exchange Square (nearest railway: Queen Street). Just along from Roganos, this classy establishment has made a name for itself under the leadership of chef David Friel. Quite pricey but worth it.
- Bart&Urby's, 145 Vincent St, Glasgow G2 6PA. American diner-style local pub food. Beers and ales as well as whisky varieties.
- The Chardon d'Or, 176 West Regent Street. Owner and head chefBrian Maule is a former business partner of local hero Gordon Ramsay. When Ramsay began his TV career as a celebrity chef, Maule took the chance to branch out on his own and is now a very highly regarded local institution. The result is Chardon D'Or, opened in 2001 and widely recognised as one of the very best quality restaurants in Glasgow. Owner Brian Maule is also well known for strong links with musicians and entertainers, and his restaurant often offers deals combining concerts or shows with fine dining for one fixed price. A popular choice with local businessmen.
- Cafe Gandolfi, 64 Albion Street. A real Glasgow institution, serving fine locally sourced food in a relaxed atmosphere. Great food and great service.
Takeaway/Fish & Chips
Glasgow has taken many different cultural foods and combined them into a unique dining experience. Most takeaways offer Indian dishes (pakora), pizzas and kebabs as well as the more traditional fish and chips or burgers. This has resulted in some takeaways offering a blend of dishes like chips with curry sauce, the donner kebab pizza, the battered and deep fried pizza to name but a few.
Fish & Chips (aka "Fish Supper") is a perennial favourite, and there are a healthy number of fish and chip shops around the city. As mentioned above, many will also offer Asian or Italian dishes alongside the traditional chip shop fayre. Given the Glaswegian's famous fondness for anything deep fried - "bad" establishments don't usually last long. In the centre of town, four of the best "chippies" are:
- Jack McPhees, in City Centre on Hope Street, near Theatre Royal; and West End on Byres Road. Chain of sit down restaurants with table service. Slightly more expensive than a takeaway, but excellent quality.
- The Coronation, Gallowgate (just beyond Glasgow Cross under the City Union railway bridge). A Glasgow institution sitting at the gateway into the Barrowlands area - the usual friendly Glaswegian reception and competitively priced.
- Da Vinci's, Queen Street, City Centre. 24 hour dining in this handily positioned sit-down takeaway near many of the city's nightclubs.
On a side note, the now infamous deep fried Mars Bar - served up in many Glasgow chip shops - did not originate in the city, contrary to popular belief. It was in fact invented in Stonehaven in Aberdeenshire.
- Yumla, 80 Miller St (Merchant City, close to George Square).
- The Ho Wong, 82 York Street (close to Central Station), .
- Dragon's I, 311-313 Hope St.
- Amber Regent, 50 West Regent St, .
- China Sea Restaurant, 12 Renfield St.
- Mings Restaurant, 2nd Floor, Princes Square, 48 Buchanan St.Chinese, Japanese and Thai food.
- Panda House, 665 Pollokshaws Rd. Home Delivery daily 17:00-23:59.
- Oriental Yummy, 96 Queen Margaret Drive. F-Sa 17:00-23:00, Su-Mo 17:00-22:00, W-Th 17:00-22:00 Home deliveries.
- Brel, Ashton Lane (in the West End off Byres Rd - nearest Subway: Hillhead), . Daily 12:00-Late. Well known for its Belgian fare, particularly their moules (Mussel) Pots in a variety of flavours. This Bar/Restaurant is set over 3 levels and sells a range of Belgian beers, including Banana and Raspberry, along with a few of the local Scottish favourites. During the warmer weather there is a large Beer Garden at the rear. There is often free live entertainment. Food Happy Hour M-Su 17:00-19:00 à la carte menu, starters: £2.95-4.95 and mains: £8.95-15.50.
- Stravaigin, 28 Gibson St (adjacent to Glasgow University and Kelvingrove Park in the West End - nearest Subway: Kelvinbridge), . Established by Ronnie Clydesdale (of Ubiquitous Chip fame), this award winning gastro-pub offers a wide selection of both European and World cuisine made from Scottish ingredients. Also renowned for its creative cocktails.
- Sloans, Argyle Arcade (Morrison Court; off Buchanan St or Argyle Street). Boasts to be 'the oldest bar and restaurant in Glasgow'. You can sit outside if you wish, or try the bistro or other menus. They offer other activities, such as a cinema-EAT experience, ceilidh dancing and more recently various music nights in the upstairs ballroom.
Glasgow has, arguably, the finest Indian food in the United Kingdom, and indeed many Glaswegians now joke that the Indian Curry is their "national dish". Historically, the city's finest Indian restaurants have been clustered together in the Charing Cross area, just beyond the "main" section of Sauchiehall Street, but in recent years the Merchant City has seen a boom in new establishments. Take your pick from Panjea, The Wee Curry Shop,Mother India's Cafe and more. Glasgow's top Indian restaurants include:
- Ashoka Restaurants. Check out the Ashoka West End (1284 Argyle Street, near Kelvingrove), the Ashoka at Ashton Lane or Kama Sutra(Sauchiehall Street) - all of which are owned by the local Ashoka chain.
- Balti Club, 66 Woodlands Rd. Arguably one of the finest Indian takeaway in the West End with a proud record and loyal following. Home delivery daily until midnight (Sa-Su 04:00). Order on-line to save.
- Mister Singh's India, 149 Elderslie St, Charing Cross (nearest railway: Charing Cross). The flagship branch of the Ashoka/Harlequin chain and is notable for its waiting staff who wear kilts. Booking is advisable Thursday-Sunday evenings.
Chicken Tikka Masala - A Glaswegian Invention?
The Shish Mahal is widely believed to have invented Chicken Tikka Masala, recently voted the UK's favourite Indian dish. According to one Glasgow MP, the Shish responded in the 1960s to complaints from Glaswegians that traditional Indian curries were too dry by soaking the chicken and spices in tomato soup, resulting in the first incarnation of the 'wet' style of curry commonly enjoyed today. This MP is now known to be seeking formal EU recognition that Chicken Tikka Masala is a unique Glaswegian creation, and that the Shish Mahal is the origin.
- Shish Mahal, 66-68 Park Road, West End (nearest Subway: Kelvinbridge). Affectionately known simply as "The Shish" by its regulars, this family run establishment has been here for over 50 years.
- The Dhabba, 44 Candleriggs(Merchant City). Authentic North Indian restaurant located in the Merchant City and has won numerous awards.
- The Dakhin, 89 Candleriggs(Merchant City - above the City Merchant). Sister restaurant to The Dhabba, about 50 yards further north on the same street, but this time specialising in South Indian cuisine it has some great pre-theatre deals and is lauded as much as its sibling.
- Cafe India, 29 Albion Street(Merchant City), .The original Cafe India in Charing Cross was a Glasgow institution before it was burned down in 2006. Now reborn in the Merchant City area, it's re-established itself as one of the city's top curry spots.
- Killermont Polo Club (formerly: Mauryan Polo Club), 2022 Maryhill Road (nearest railway: Maryhill), . Upmarket Indian restaurant on the main route out to the affluent north western suburbs of the city. Set in a clubhouse setting, it has won numerous awards and accolades.
- Chillies West End, 176-182 Woodlands Rd (West End). In a fantastic location just outside the city centre, but not quite in to the west end. Offers a unique way to sample many Indian dishes with a tapas style menu.
There are also literally hundreds of takeaway Indian restaurants around the city on nearly every main street, although the quality of these can be very variable. Some are excellent - comparable with anything you'd find in the city centre, whilst others can be rather poor. To be on the safe side, only go on local recommendation.
- Esca, 27 Chisholm Street (near the Tron Theatre), . Good and inexpensive but often busy.
- Sofias (Formerly Antipasti), 337 Byres Road. Excellent quality restaurant; does not offer table bookings - just show up and ask for a table. You won't be waiting long.
- Di Maggio's. On Royal Exchange Square, Merchant City and on West Nile Street, City Centre. Locally owned chain of family-friendly Italian restaurants with several outlets in the city and outlying towns. Good value and usually no need to book.
- Jamie's Italian, 7 George Square (Adjacent to the City Chambers, nearest rail: Glasgow Queen Street). Glasgow branch of the Jamie Oliver empire, although there is little chance of seeing the man himself. No bookings policy, but there have been stories of people being turned away due to overly casual dress.
- La Parmigiana, 447 Great Western Road. One of the best of the West End's Italian restaurants, but more upmarket than most.
- Amarone, 2 Nelson Mandela Place,. Stylish restaurant with excellent menu. Mains £8-20.
- Little Italy, 205 Byres Rd. More of a café than a restaurant, the pizzas, coffee and hot chocolate are phenomenal. Authentic Italian feel to it. A great place for lunch or an informal dinner, or a pizza after a night out in Ashton Lane. A must if you are in the west end of Glasgow.
- Il Pavone Restaurant, 48 Buchanan Street (in the Princes Square Shopping Centre). Regarded as one of the most established, hospitable and fashionable Italian restaurants in Glasgow (within 2 minutes walking distance from Glasgow Central Station).
As befits a port town, Glasgow excels at seafood and fish.
Vegetarian and Vegan
Glasgow was named the UK's most vegan-friendly city by PETA in 2013.
- The Fast Food Shop, pakora place on Woodlands Road. Ideal for guilt-free snacking on the way home from the pub.
- 13th Note, 50-60 King Street, . Daily from 12:00-24:00. Music venue, art gallery and vegetarian/vegan cafe. Dinner mains around £7.
- Mono, 12 Kings Court, . Food daily from 12:00-21:00. Vegan café and bar with live music. Their turkish-style lamachan pizza is to be recommended!
- Stereo, 22-28 Renfield Lane (near the central station). Vegan pub. Has some interesting dishes, like burritos with spicy haggis.
- The 78, 10-14 Kelvinhaugh Street (off the west end of Argyle St), . Food till 21:00. Organic/vegan pub & restaurant. Try their burger and nachos! Live music on Thursdays. Mains £7-8.
- Tchai Ovna, 42 Otago Lane (located in West End (off Bank St) and Shawlands), . Tea house with veggie food.
Glasgow is a city of immigrants and has a thriving international food scene.
- Pancho Villas, 26 Bell Street (in the Merchant City area opposite Merchant Square), . M-Sa 12PM to Late, Su 5PM - Late. A Mexican restaurant that is often very busy of an evening especially towards the end of the week, so it is best to make a reservation. Set Meals are available Mo-Th between 12PM-5PM for 2Courses - £6.95 and 3Courses - £8.50. A-la-carte Menu, Starters: £2.50-£7.95 and Mains: £8.50-£12.95.
- Café Cossachok, 10 King St (Merchant City), . Tu-Th 11:00-15:00, 17:00-21:00; F-Sa 11:00-23:00; Su 16:00-21:00. 65 seat restaurant that opened in 1998 and specialising in dishes from all over the former Soviet Union such as the vegetarian dish of Moldavian Gouvetch, a colourful and winter warming casserole of sweet peppers, potatoes, ginger, peas, aubergines, leek, chilli and garlic served with grilled lavash. Carnivorous Georgians will not go hungry either! Walls are hung with changing exhibitions of oil paintings, pastels, watercolours, prints, ceramics and crafts by artists from around the world. Starters £4-8, mains £10-15.
- Khublai Khan's, 26 Candleriggs (Merchant City). A unique Mongolian Barbeque restaurant that allows you to create your own stir-fry dishes over and over while sampling meat from around the globe.
Also try Cafe Argan (Moroccan), Shallal (Lebanese), Koshkemeer(Kurdish), Alla Turca (Turkish), Ichiban (Japanese) and the numerous Thai, and Malaysian and Chinese restaurants, including the Thai Siam, theRumours and others.
Sights & Landmarks
As befits a city that was at its richest through the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th, the centre of Glasgow has a fine legacy of Victorian and Edwardian buildings with their lavish interiors and spectacular carved stonework. Outside of the central area the main streets are lined with the legendary tenements - the city's trademark 2 or 3 story residential buildings built from red or blonde sandstone which positively glow during the summer. The decline of Glasgow's economy during the mid to late 20th Century led to the mass construction of high-rise tower blocks and concrete housing estates during the 1960s and 1970s. The dramatic and striking Red Road Flats form the tallest residential property in Europe. Many 1970s office buildings in the centre have been cleared away by state-of-the-art glass structures as Glasgow's burgeoning financial services industry continues to grow. For more information on Glasgow's architecture, try and get hold of a copy of Central Glasgow: An Illustrated Architectural Guide, by Charles McKean and others.
Glasgow was also the home of Charles Rennie Mackintosh, one of the "Glasgow Four," a group of leading proponents of art nouveau architecture. Indeed, during his lifetime, Mackintosh was probably better regarded abroad than he was in his native Glasgow, even apparently inspiring Frank Lloyd Wright. However, he was recently resurrected as one of the cities most beloved sons. You will notice, along with quite a few of his buildings to see in the city, including his magnum opus, the Glasgow School of Art, many other knock-offs and impersonations exist. However, despite the 'cult' of Mackintosh, Glasgow produced many other fine architects, the best known of whom is probably Alexander 'Greek' Thomson.
The following list is a selection of significant buildings in Glasgow, roughly arranged starting in the City Centre and moving west and south:
- Glasgow Cathedral (Cathedral of Saint Mungo), Cathedral Square, Castle Street, . Summer (Apr-Sep): M-Sa 09:30-17:30, Su 13:00-17:00; Winter (Oct-Mar): 09:30-16:30, Su 13:00-16:30. A fine example of Gothic architecture dating from medieval times and built on a site first consecrated in 397AD. Behind the cathedral atop a steep hill is the Necropolis cemetery – dominated by the statue of John Knox and described by Victorians as a literal “City of The Dead”. Free.
- City Chambers, George Square (train: Glasgow Queen Street), . Guided tours M-F at 10:30 and 14:30. For individuals pre-booking is not necessary. A larger group needs to make a reservation: +44 141 287-4018. This imposing structure in George Square was built in 1888 in the Italian Renaissance style and is the headquarters of Glasgow City Council. Tours of the building are available daily, and visitors can see the magnificent marble staircases, lobbies, see the debating chamber and the lavish banqueting hall. Tours take about 45 min. In front the building, George Square, the city's notional centre, is populated by several statues of civic leaders and famous figures from history and is often used for outdoor events. Free.
- Glasgow Cross, At the junction of Trongate, Saltmarket, High Street, Gallowgate and London Road. This intersection marks the original medieval centre of the city and is dominated by the clock tower of the original City Chambers (destroyed by fire in 1926), and the small hexagonal building known as the Tolbooth. Just to the west on Trongate is the Tron Theatre, a former church that was turned into a prominent theatre.
- St Enoch Subway Station, St Enoch Square, Argyle and Buchanan Streets (subway: St Enoch). Always visible. The original subway station, a quaint overground building now used as a chain coffee shop, sits in the middle of St Enoch Square. Free.
- Glasgow Central Station, Gordon Street (between Union and Hope Streets, train: Glasgow Central), . (General station enquiries)M-Sa 04:00-00:30, Su 07:00-00:30. The city's principal railway terminus, which is worth entering for its grand interior, which you can access from Gordon Street on the north side of the building. On the exterior, a feature of note is the massive glass walled bridge (known as the Hielanman's Umbrella) which spans Argyle Street and holds up the tracks and platforms. You can go on a tour of the station, which is highly recommended, but booking in advance is essential and places sell quickly. Don't be put off because you aren't interested in trains - the tour is mostly about the history and architecture of the station. The guides are really enthusiastic about railway history and have countless stories to share of the station's place in Glasgow's history: through the industrial revolution, through the war and to the present. You also get to visit an abandoned underground platform! The £13 entry fee goes into a pot earmarked for preserving the station's history and improving the tour.
- Willow Tea Rooms, 217 Sauchiehall St, .Mon-Sat 9:00-17:30, Sun 10:30-17:30 (last orders 1 hour before closing time). During the temperance movement, the idea of "tearooms", places where you could relax and enjoy non-alcoholic refreshments in differently themed rooms, became popular in Glasgow. This one, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in 1904, was the most popular of its time and has been lovingly restored. Make sure to have a look at the Room de Luxe on the second floor (access through the cafe on the first floor). You do not have to purchase anything if you just want to have a look around and ask nicely .
- Glasgow School of Art, 167 Renfrew St (subway: Cowcaddens), . The Glasgow School of Art is Scotland's only independent art school offering university level programmes and research in architecture, fine art and design. If you want to create your own art, enrol for evening classes or the summer school. The original building on the campus was seen as one of Charles Rennie Mackintosh's finest buildings, housing one of Britain's pre-eminent schools of art, design and architecture. In May 2014, the Mackintosh building was closed for the foreseeable future due to a major fire which damaged the west wing of the building (that had been added 1907-09), destroying the library. Efforts are ongoing to salvage damaged art works. Due to the closure the original building tour no longer takes place. However a new external tour (Mackintosh at the GSA Tour) is available and tells about Mackintosh's role at the Glasgow School of Art. The tour lasts 1 hour. £9.75 adults, £8 students/seniors, £4.75 youth.
- Mitchell Library, North St (train: Charing Cross), . M-Th 09:00-20:00, F-Sa 09:00-17:00, closed Su. One of Glasgow's best public buildings, it is the largest municipal public reference library in Europe. The imposing structure houses a spectacular reading room, although it has to be said much of the Mitchell's extensive collection is housed in the rather ugly 1970s extension attached to the rear. You can easily lose a day in here! Free.
- There are a number of interesting bridges over the River Clyde in the City Centre:
- Tradeston Pedestrian Bridge. The bridge crosses the river west of the M8 motorway and is nicknamed the "Squiggly Bridge" by locals because of its distinctive S-shape.
- Kingston Bridge (Nearby the Tradeston Pedestrian Bridge). This bridge carries the M8 motorway across the Clyde. Built in 1969, the bridge is far more spectacular to stand beneath than drive over, with an almost cathedral-like vista and a strange aura of calmness that betrays the likely traffic chaos that is going unseen directly above your head.
- Clyde Arc (Further west). A relatively new and prominent bridge over the River Clyde that has an elegant curved design and is unique for how it crosses the river at an angle.
- Clyde Auditorium, Exhibition Way (train: Exhibition Centre), . (General), (Tickets)Box office: Mon–Sat 9:00-18:00, Sun closed. Affectionately known by Glaswegians as the Armadillo, this building is a concert hall which forms part of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre complex. Designed by Lord Norman Foster, and contrary to popular belief, not inspired by the Sydney Opera House, it is in fact supposed to represent ship's hulls. The auditorium has now garnered some world fame for being the place where the Susan Boyle audition - one of the most downloaded YouTube video clips in history - was filmed.
- Glasgow University, University Avenue, West End (subway: Hillhead), . Exterior and campus always visible; Visitor centre M-Sa 09:30-17:00. Founded as an institution in 1451, the University itself is the fourth oldest in the entire United Kingdom, and one of the most prestigious academic institutions in the country. Contains theHunterian Museum and Art Gallery (see below), including a reconstruction of Mackintosh's house. The exterior of the main building is fine in its own right; the current main University building is neo-Gothic and dates from 1870, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott (the man who also designed London's St Pancras railway station). The main building has an interesting visitor's centre (open all year round) which is free and sits atop a drumlin with commanding views over Kelvingrove Park and the western fringes of the city. Free.
In Search of Raintown
Fans of the Glasgow band Deacon Blue have often made the pilgrimage to the top of the Granite Staircase to recreate the cover photograph of their famous 1987 album Raintown. Sadly, neither of the two cover photos from the album is now possible to reconstruct. Two decades have seen Kelvingrove Park's trees grow to obscure the view of the Clyde and the Finnieston Crane from the top of the Granite Staircase. Equally, the rear cover shot of the M8 motorway approach onto the Kingston Bridge (adjacent to the Mitchell Library) was taken from a disused bridge upon which an office building has now been constructed.
- Park Circus (atop a steep hill across Kelvingrove Park from the university). An area of Georgian townhouses laid out in a radial pattern similar to the English city of Bath. This neighbourhood has made the transition from originally being an upmarket residential area to a prestigious office district for mainly legal and consultancy firms, although in recent years there have been moves to encourage the companies back into the city centre and return the buildings to residential use. If you make the effort to walk through Kelvingrove Park, go up to this area as it is worth descending down the grandGranite Staircase, on the south side of the hill facing the river.
- Scotland Street School, 225 Scotland St (subway: Shields Road), . Tu-Th & Sa 10:00-17:00, F & Su 11:00-17:00, closed M.Charles Rennie Mackintosh's last major building - thoughtfully designed, with an excellent museum covering both Mackintosh and the changing faces of schools. Free.
- House for an Art Lover, Bellahouston Park (train: Dumbreck or subway: Ibrox), . Opening times vary. Shop and Cafe are open daily 10:00-17:00. Built in the 1990s to Mackintosh's original 1901 entry for a design competition. £4.50 adults, £3 youth/students (includes an audio handset guide).
- Holmwood House, 61-63 Netherlee Rd (in Cathcart, in the South Side of the city, 4 miles from the city center), .Summer months only, Th-M 12:00-17:00. Now run by the National Trust, and currently in the process of being renovated, Holmwood House is one of the best examples of the work of Glasgow's other great architect: Alexander 'Greek' Thomson. £6.50 adults, £16.50 family, £5 concession.
- The Mackintosh Church (Queen's Cross Church), 870 Garscube Road (near Partick Thistle football ground). Apr - Oct Mon - Fri 10:00 - 16:30, Nov - Mar Mon, Wed, Fri 10:00 - 15:30. The only church designed by Mackintosh (in 1896), in a simple style for its original use as a free church, later becoming a Church of Scotland church until 1976. It is now the headquarters of the Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society, with a small shop. £4.
If you should fall in
Glasgow Green is the home of the Glasgow Humane Society. The Society was founded in 1790 and is the world's oldest practical life-saving body. Until June 2005 the society volunteers were responsible for rescuing those unfortunate to fall into the River Clyde. Unfortunately modern heath and safety regulations require two life boat men on duty and a lack of volunteers has forced the sole lifeboat man, George Parsonage, to stand down the service after 215 years. The rescue service is now performed by the Strathclyde Fire Brigade.
For a large city, Glasgow has a surprising number of parks and green spaces; there is more parkland here than in any other British city.
- Glasgow Green (train: Bridgeton or Argyle Street, then walk or take the bus along London Road). Park open at all times. The most famous of the Glasgow parks, Glasgow Green was founded by Royal grant in 1450 and has slowly been enclosed by the city and evolved from grazing land into a modern public park. "The Green" as its known to the locals is one of the major venues for concerts and open air events in Glasgow. Among the highlights are the People's Palace and Winter Gardens (covered above), Nelson's Memorial, an obelisk or needle: built to commemorate Nelson's victory at the battle of Trafalgar, the Templeton Carpet Factory, with its ornate brick work (now a business centre), and the Doulton Fountain, the largest terracotta fountain in the world. There is limited official parking in or around the green and the area is notorious for car crime. Be aware the council will tow away illegally parked vehicles and charge you up to £250 to get them back!
- Kelvingrove Park, West End. Open at all times. This is also a very popular park, particularly with the students from the nearby University. The most prominent landmark here is the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum (covered above) on the banks of the River Kelvin which runs through the park. It also contains a recently constructed skate park.
- Botanic Gardens, 730 Great Western Road, West End, . Gardens: 7:00 to dusk; glasshouses: 10:00-18:00 in summer (16:15 in winter). A major park in the West End (the most popular aside from Kelvingrove), the Botanic Gardens contains extensive tropical and temperate plant collections from around the world. Free.
- Victoria Park, Victoria Park Drive North, West End. 7:00 till dusk.Considered to be the prettiest park in Glasgow.
- Fossil Grove, Victoria Park Drive North (Located in Victoria Park), . Summer months only; Daily 10:00-16:00.The remains of an ancient forest, around 330 million years old. This is the only example of a preserved forest from this period on Earth.
- Bellahouston Park (3 miles south west of Glasgow).
- Mugdock Country Park, Craigallian Road, Nr Milngavie (north west of Glasgow).
- Queen's Park (near Mount Florida or Queens Park stations (4 miles south of the city center)).
- Strathclyde Country Park, 366 Hamilton Road, Motherwell, North Lanarkshire (South east of Glasgow).
- Greenbank House and Gardens, Flenders Road (It's a 30 min walk from Clarkston railway station (catch the train from Central Station (high level))). closes at sunset. Owned by the National Trust for Scotland, make for a pleasant day out in one of Glasgow's leafier suburbs. The gardens have proven to be an inspiration to gardeners throughout the world. £6.50 adult, £5.00 concession.
- The Auchentoshan Distillery Visitor Centre, Great Western Road, Clydebank, G81 4SJ (Note: technically outside the city limits, but part of the Glasgow conurbation: easily accessible via public transport. Close to Dalmuir), . Daily 10:00-17:00. Classic tours at 10:00, 12:00, 13:00 and 15:00. A fully functioning Scottish whisky distillery, with guided tours and a visiting centre. The basic (classic) tour takes 60min and includes one whisky. Other tours are available. Classic tour £6.
- Titan Crane, Cart Street (Note: slightly outside the city limits but easily accessible by bus or train), . In 2015 open by appointment only. Call +44 141 951-3420. A fully preserved (despite being over 100 years old) crane as used in the Glasgow shipbuilders John Brown Engineering. Great views of Glasgow from the top of the crane: guided tours available.
Museums & Galleries
The Victorians also left Glasgow with a wonderful legacy of museums and art galleries, which the city has dutifully built upon. The following list is only a selection. The city council alone runs several museums and galleries. Visitors should be aware that most of the galleries appear to be closed on Sundays, and that - to the understandable annoyance of many visitors to Glasgow - most of the museums shut their doors at 5PM. The majority of museums are free with boxes for you to give a donation (most have a recommended donation of £3). This is entirely voluntary though, so don't be put off if you can't afford this!
- Burrell Collection, 2060 Pollokshaws Rd, Pollok Country Park(train: Pollokshaws West, then walk through Pollok Park), . M-Th, Sa 10:00-17:00; F, Su 11:00-17:00. This is a collection of over 9,000 artworks gifted to the city of Glasgow by Sir William Burrell and housed in a purpose-built museum in the Pollok Estate in the south of the city. Free.
- Gallery of Modern Art, Royal Exchange Square (on Queen Street in the City Centre), . M-W, Sa 10:00–17:00, Th 10:00–20:00, F and Su 11:00–17:00. This gallery houses a terrific collection of recent paintings and sculptures, with space for new exhibitions. In the basement is one of Glasgow's many public libraries, with free internet access and cafe. Free.
- Glasgow Police Museum, 30 Bell St, .Summer (Apr-Oct): M-Sa 10:30-16:30, Su 12:00-16:30; Winter (Nov-Mar): Tu 10:00-16:30, Su 12:00-16:30, closed M and W-Sa. The Glasgow police force was the first in the world, dating back to 1779. It's dealt with a number of famous cases and many of the paraphernalia relating to some of these are in this museum. There's also a section dealing with the history of police forces throughout the world. Free.
- Glasgow Science Centre, 50 Pacific Quay (train: Exhibition Centre or subway: Cessnock), . Summer: daily 10AM-5PM; Winter: W-F 10AM-3PM, Sa-Su 10AM-5PM, closed M-Tu. Glasgow Tower is closed in winter. Has hundreds of interactive science exhibits for children, an IMAX cinema, and the 125-meter Glasgow Tower, the only tower in the world which can rotate 360 degrees from its base. £10.50 adults, £8.50 children/seniors; add £2.50 for planetarium or IMAX cinema each, £4.95 for the tower.
- Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University Avenue, University Of Glasgow, . Tu-Sa 10:00-17:00, Su 11:00-16:00, closed M. The art gallery contains a world famous Whistler collection, and various temporary exhibitions. It also contains The Mackintosh House, a reconstruction of the principal interiors from the Glasgow home of the Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928). The separate museum is the oldest public museum in Scotland and has a variety of exhibits, including a display on the Romans in Scotland (featuring items found in the Roman Fort in Bearsden), one on the various dinosaur discoveries found on the Isle of Skye, and various temporary exhibitions. Free in general; special exhibitions: £5.00 adult, £3.00 concession, free under 18.
- Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Argyle Street, West End(subway: Kelvinhall), . M-Th, Sa 10:00-17:00; F, Su 11:00-17:00. The city's grandest public museum, with one of the finest civic collections in Europe housed within this Glasgow Victorian landmark. The collection is quite varied, with artworks, biological displays and anthropological artifacts. The museum as a whole is well-geared towards children and families, with "discovery center" rooms of interactive exhibits and all the displays labeled with easy-to-understand descriptions. The "Life" wing holds fossils, wildlife displays, artifacts from ancient Egypt, exhibits on the Scottish people, a hall of arms and armor, and even a Submarine Spitfire hanging in the main hall of the wing. The "Expression" wing holds a fantastic collection of fine and decorative arts, including Salvador Dalí's celebrated "Crucifixion of St. John of the Cross" painting and select works by renowned artists like Van Gogh, Monet and Rembrandt, as well as a hall of period Glasgow furnishings by Mackintosh. The main hall has a functioning organ, and daily recitals are played in the afternoon. Free.
- People's Palace and Winter Gardens, Glasgow Green, . People's Palace Tu-Th, Sa 10:00–17:00, F, Su 11:00–17:00, closed M; Winter Gardens Daily 10:00-17:00. The People's Palace is a great folk museum, telling the history of Glasgow and its people, from various perspectives, displaying details of Glasgow life (including one of Billy Connolly's banana boots). The Winter Gardens, adjacent, is a pleasant greenhouse with a reasonable cafe. Free.
- Provand's Lordship, 3 Castle Street (opposite Glasgow Cathedral), . Tu-Th, Sa 10:00-17:00; F, Su 11:00-17:00, closed M. Glasgow's oldest remaining house, built in 1471, has been renovated to give visitors and idea what the inside of a Glasgow house was like circa 1700. Free.
- Riverside Museum, 100 Pointhouse Place (West End, subway: Kelvinhall), . M-Th and Sa 10:00-17:00, F and Su 11:00-17:00. Offers an excellent collection of vehicles and models to tell the story of transport by land and sea, with a unique Glasgow flavour. Besides the usual rail locomotives, buses, trams, cars and planes, the museum also includes a recreated subway station and a street scene of old Glasgow. The museum was designed by Zaha Hadid and completed in 2011. Free.
- Tall Ship (Glenlee), Pointhouse Quay (alongside the Riverside Museum, West End, subway: Kelvinhall), . Summer (Feb-Oct): 10:00-17:00; Winter (Nov-Jan): 10:00-16:00. Last admission: 30min before closing time. The Glenlee was built in 1896 and is one of only five Clydebuilt sailing ships that remain afloat in the world today, now restored and open to the public. Free for individuals; groups of 8 or more people: £2 each, £1 concession.
- Sharmanka, Trongate 103, . Full show: Thu & Sun 19:00; short show: Wed-Sun: 15:00, Sat 16:15; or by individual appointment. A kinetic gallery / theatre. It consists of a number of strange machines created by the Russian artists Eduard Bersudsky. The machines perform stories and the light and sound during the performance adds to a really unique and amazing experience. The full show takes 1h10min, the short one 45min. Full show: £8 adult, £6 concessions; short show: £5/4; children under 16 free.
- St. Mungo's Museum of Religious Life and Art, 2 Castle Street(next to the Glasgow Cathedral), . Tu-Th, Sa 10AM-5PM, F, Su 11AM-5PM, closed M. This museum features exhibits relating not only to Glasgow's patron saint and the growth of Christianity in the city, but numerous exhibits pertaining to many faiths practised locally and worldwide. Free.
- Street Level Photoworks, Trongate 103, .Tu-Sa 10:00-17:00, Su 12:00-17:00, first Thu each month 18:00-20:00, closed M. An alternative art gallery/installation space. Free.
- Tenement House, 145 Buccleuch Street, .Summer months only, Daily 1PM-5PM. A National Trust for Scotland site, a middle class Glasgow tenement house preserved in pretty much the way it was in the early 20th century. £6.50 adults, £16.50 family, £5 concessions.
- Transmission Gallery, 28 King Street, . Tu-W, F-Sa 11:00-17:00, Th 11:00-20:00. A gallery set up in 1983 by ex-students of the Glasgow School of Art as a hub for the local art community and to provide exhibition space. Free.
- The Lighthouse, 11 Mitchell Lane (A small side street off Buchanan Street (pedestrian zone)), . Mon-Sat 10:30-17:00, Sun 12:00-17:00. This is the former Glasgow Herald building completed by Mackintosh. It houses the Centre for Design & Architecture, which show changing exhibitions and host events. From there you also have access to the Mackintosh Tower, which offers great views over Glasgow. Free.
Things to do
There are many nightclubs, concerts and festivals in Glasgow.
Glasgow's been famous for its music scene(s) for at least 20 years, with some top acts literally queuing to play at venues such as the Barrowlands or King Tut's. There's plenty of venues where you're likely to see a good band (and lots of bad bands too); on any day of the week there should be at least several shows to choose from throughout the city, with the number increasing to an even greater variety on Thursday, Friday & Saturday. In no particular order, here follows some pop/indie/rock-orientated venues:
- Nice'N'Sleazy, 421 Sauchiehall Street (nearest railway: Charing Cross). A great student institution known locally as "Sleazy's" it's a favourite among Glasgow School of Art students, it’s a cross between a bar and a nightclub, and even a coffee shop by day - one of Glasgow’s best established student venues. Live music in the evenings, and just across the road from the seminal Garage nightclub. Open until 03:00 every night of the week, with bands on practically every night also. Gigs are downstairs and bar upstairs plays a variety of alternative/rock/punk. Over 18's only (both bar and gigs).
- The Barrowland Ballroom, 244 Gallowgate, G4 OTS (0.5km from Glasgow Cross). The Barrowlands, as it is commonly known, is arguably the city's most famous and most respected live venue - famous for its sprung floor and excellent acoustics.
- King Tut's Wah Wah Hut, 272a St Vincent Street, G2 5RL. Where both Oasis and local favourites Glasvegas were discovered.
- O2 ABC, 300 Sauchiehall Street, G2 3JA.
- 13th Note, 50-60 King Street, G1 5QT (just off Argyle Street/Trongate).
- Maggie May's, 60 The Trongate, G1 5EP (Merchant City, on the corner of Trongate and Albion Street), .Pub/restaurant with a lively programme of up and coming bands.
- The Cathouse, Union St (close to the junction with Argyle Street).
- The Riverside Club, 33 Fox Street (behind St Enoch Square). Glasgow's top ceilidh (Scottish country dancing) venue on Friday and Saturday nights.
- Stereo. City Centre venue with regular indie gigs downstairs, bar and cafe upstairs.
- Glasgow O2 Academy, 121 Eglinton Street (nearest Subway: Bridge Street).
- The Arches, 253 Argyle Street (underneath the "Hielanman's Umbrella" of Central Station). Running one of the UK's best techno nights; Pressure. Note: this is also a theatrical and arts venue, a pub and restaurant.
- Sub Club, 22 Jamaica Street (nearest rail: Central Station). Rated one of the best clubs in the world from house to techno to whatever takes your fancy. Founded in 1987.
- The Tunnel, Mitchell Street. With the Sub Club and the Arches one of Glasgow's premier dance clubs: frequently hosts top DJ's from round the world, although doesn't quite have The Arches' or the Sub Club's 'underground' reputation.
- The Soundhaus, 47 Hydepark Street. Underground techno and house.
- The Vale, Dundas St (adjacent to Buchanan Street subway/Queen Street railway station).
- QMU, at University Gardens (West End; nearest Subway: Hillhead).
- The Classic Grand, 18 Jamaica Street (adjacent to Central Station). A former adult cinema now re-purposed as an alternative music venue. Serves the rock/metal/punk/alternative scene 4 nights a week with drinks as low as £1.
- Scottish Exhibition & Conference Centre (SECC), G3 8YW (rail: Exhibition Centre), . (Tickets)The city's premier music venue for major headline acts, even if the acoustics of the halls have always been questionable. More intimate gigs are held in the neighbouring Clyde Auditorium (the armadillo-shaped building). SECC Tickets sells tickets for these.
Arts and theatrical venues
- Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, 2 Sauchiehall Street (nearest Subway: Buchanan Street), . This is the home of The Royal Scottish National Orchestra, one of Europe's leading symphony orchestras. It also produces the world famous Celtic Connections Festival every January.
- Royal Conservatoire of Scotland (RCS), 100 Renfrew Street.Primarily a teaching college but is also Glasgow's busiest performing arts venue, hosting over 500 events a year. Primarily classical and contemporary music, ballet and dance, musical theatre, and contemporary drama.
- The Theatre Royal, 282 Hope Street. First opened in 1867, it puts on mainly 'serious' theatre, opera and ballet.
- The Tron Theatre, 63 Trongate, . Specialises in contemporary works.
- St Andrew's in the Square, 1 St Andrew's Square. A restored 18th-century church turned arts venue that puts on classical music and folk.
- Citizens Theatre, 119 Gorbals Street, . One of the most famous theatres in the world, and has launched the careers of many international movie and theatre stars. It specialises in contemporary and avant-garde work.
- The King's Theatre, 297 Bath Street. Glasgow's major 'traditional' theatre. It is over 100 years old, and in the midst of a major refurbishment.
- The Pavilion Theatre, 121 Renfield Street. The only privately run theatre in Scotland. It was founded in 1904 and has seen many of the greatest stars of music hall perform there: most famously Charlie Chaplin. Nowadays it features mainly 'popular' theatre, musicals and comedy.
- Centre for Contemporary Arts (CCA), 350 Sauchiehall Street, . Shows films, though it's primarily an art gallery. It's also a concert venue.
- Britannia Panopticon Music Hall, 113-117 Trongate, G1 5HD(entrance to most shows is via the New Wynd, the small lane between T.J.Hughes and Mitchell's Amusement Arcade off Argyle Street), . until 02 Nov: Th-Sa 12:00-16:00. The oldest surviving music hall in the world, having opened in 1857, in response to the entertainment needs of a growing working class population with pennies in their pockets. It most famously held the début performance of Stan Laurel (of silent movies, slapstick comedy duo Laurel and Hardy fame in 1906), but also hosted Jack Buchnanan and Sir Harry Lauder and a zoo! Acts needed some intestinal fortitude before they trod its boards, since Glasgow audiences were notorious for leaving no turn un-stoned - toilets only arrived in 1893 and young boys used to favour the front of the balcony because from there they could urinate on the heads of the performers on the apron! Electricity and moving pictures arrived in 1896 but by 1938, the Panopticon could no longer compete with more modern Cinemas and less vulgar Variety Theatres and was re-cycled into a tailors shop and factory. It now shows mainly music hall orientated shows: e.g. magic, burlesque and comedy, but also occasionally puts on classical and world music. There's no heating, so dress accordingly. No wheelchair/disabled access. Free admission but donations to support refurbishment are most welcome.
- Oran Mor, 731 Great Western Road. Restaurant, pub, nightclub, theatrical and music venue. Due to its late opening hours, this venue now lies at the heart of the West End social scene.
There are two main venues for stand-up comedy in Glasgow:
- The Stand, 333 Woodlands Road (West End), .
- Jongleurs, Mansion House, 20 Glassford Street (in the City Centre), .
Although other pubs and clubs frequently hold comedy events: see the listings magazine The List for details.
The most interesting films in Glasgow are shown at:
- Glasgow Film Theatre (GFT), 12 Rose St, .Excellent choice of classics, as well as art and foreign-language movies.
- The Grosvenor Cinema, 24 Ashton Lane, Hillhead (Just off Byres Road in the West End).
- Cineworld, 7 Renfrew Street. The tallest cinema building (62 metres) in the world offers 18 screens to see mainstream films.
Glasgow also has the 3 biggest football stadia in Scotland. The major events in the football season are the clashes between the two Premier League clubs; Celtic and Rangers. Known as the "Old Firm", with their sectarian undertones, these 90 minute matches produce a profound effect on the city, occasionally, but less frequently in recent times; resulting in violent clashes during or after the game. The Old Firm Derby is generally considered to be one of the best derby matches in the world, in terms of passion and atmosphere generated by both sets of fans, and is considered by many neutrals to be the most intense rivalry in all of Britain. The match itself is always highly anticipated and much talked about before and after. Cup (non-league) ties between these two giants are quite frequent, raising the tensions further. Be aware that getting tickets for "Old Firm" games can be difficult and cup ties near impossible. If you do go to one of these matches it is advised that you do not wear team colours (blue/red/white or orange for Rangers, green/white for Celtic) after the match.
- Hampden Park (nearest Rail: Mount Florida - depart from Glasgow Central). Scotland's national stadium, capacity 52,063, hosts many large sporting events and concerts and also houses the Scottish Football Museum. The Scottish national football team plays its home games here. Is also home to Queen's Park Football Club. It is probably most famous for hosting the 1960 European Cup Final between Real Madrid and Eintracht Frankfurt. In more recent times, the UEFA Champion's League Final was held in 2002 between Real Madrid and Bayer Leverkusen and the UEFA Cup Final in 2007 between Seville and Espanyol. It is possible for visitors to have a tour of the stadium and the Scottish Football Museum.
- Celtic Park, Kerrydale Street, Parkhead (First Bus 40/61/62/240/262 go past the stadium). Home of the Celtic Football Club, the stadium has a capacity of 60,832, making it the biggest "club" stadium in Scotland and the second largest in the UK, behind only Manchester United's Old Trafford ground. Celtic was also the first British football club to become European champions when they won the European Cup in 1967, beating out England's Manchester United by a year. By visiting the Celtic Visitors' Centre, you can take a guided tour of the stadium as well as learn about the history of the club through various informative and impressive exhibitions and an auditorium. The guided tours are available daily at 11am, 12 noon, 1.45pm and 2.30pm (except home matchdays). Saturday matchday tours are available at 9.30, 10.00, 10.30 and 11.00. Adults £8.50, Concessions £5.50 Family Ticket £20 (2 adults and 2 children or 1 adult and 3 children) Under 5’s are admitted free.
- Ibrox Stadium (Subway: Ibrox). This is the home of the Rangers Football Club, capacity 51,082. Ibrox tours run every Friday, Saturday and Sunday (non match days only!) and are priced at £5.50 for kids, £8 for adults and £24.50 for a family group (2 adults and 2 children). On the Ibrox tour, you get access to the home dressing room and hear a recorded message from Walter Smith and Ally McCoist before climbing the marble staircase, visit the illustrious trophy room, the blue room and the manager's office. Tickets, except for matches against Celtic, are available online from the club's website, ticket centre at the stadium and club outlets at JJB Sports Stores in Glasgow city centre. Club merchandise is available from the JJB Rangers Megastore located at the stadium and JJB Sports stores in Glasgow, with unofficial merchandise readily available in the environs of the stadium on matchdays. Food is available at the stadium in the Argyll House restaurant and the various burger stands in and around the stadium concourses. The Sportsmans Chip Shop on Copland Road adjacent to the stadium is also popular with the supporters. There are various bars beside the stadium, with the Louden Tavern on Copland Road being the closest. Along Paisley Road West are numerous bars sympathetic to the Rangers cause, such as the Louden Tavern, the Grapes Bar, District Bar and the Kensignton Bar to name but a few.
- Firhill. Home of the Partick Thistle Football Club, also known as "the Jags" (and not actually in the suburb of Partick - the club is actually located in Maryhill). The stadium has a capacity of 10,887. Partick Thistle matches are a good way to see the Glaswegian passion for 'fitba' (football) without the unpleasantness of the Old Firm rivalry, or the high prices for their games.
- West Brewery Tour, Templeton Building, Glasgow Green, G40 1AW, . Tour times: Fri 18:00, Sat 12:00 and 15:00, Sun 15:00. A 45 minute tour through the microbrewery with tasting session. It is best to book in advance. £11.50.
- Drygate Brewery Tour, 85 Drygate, G4 0UT, . Sundays at 12:00 and 17:00. The brewery tour takes 45 min and includes a tasting of three 1/3 pints of their beer. £7.
- Clockwork Beer Co, 1153-1155 Cathcart Road, G42 6HB, . Wed 18:00, Sat 15:00. A brewpub that also offers tours for up to 5 people with 3 tasting beers. £10 for 2 people.
Festivals and events
- Glasgow Film Festival. Held every year in February/March.
- Glasgow International Comedy Festival. Held yearly throughout March/April.
- Glasgow International Jazz Festival. Held every year in June.
- The West End Festival. Arts and music festival held annually in June.
- Merchant City Festival. Arts and music festival held annually in late July/early August. Free events.
Consult the listings magazine The List for further details.
Pubs are arguably the meeting rooms of Scotland’s largest city, and many a lively discussion can be heard in a Glasgow bar. There is nothing Glaswegians love more than "putting the world right" over a pint (or three), whether it’s the Old Firm, religion, weather, politics or how this year’s holidays went. You are guaranteed a warm welcome from the locals, who will soon strike up a conversation.
There are three (or arguably, four) basic drinking areas: these are also good for restaurants. First, there is the West End (the area around Byres Road and Ashton Lane), second there is the stretch of Sauchiehall Streetbetween the end of the pedestrianised area (near Queen Street Station) and Charing Cross (and the various streets off this area). Thirdly there is theMerchant City, which is near Strathclyde University's campus. This is the most 'upmarket' area to drink and eat in, although it still has numerous student dives: start at the University of Strathclyde and wander down towards the Trongate (the West part of this part of town is the gay area). Finally, and up and coming, is the South Side (i.e. South of the Clyde). This used to be very much 'behind the times' socially speaking, but the relocation of the BBC to the South Side and the whole area generally moving 'upmarket' has improved things greatly. Try the area round Shawlands Cross for restaurants, bars, and The Shed nightclub. There are also several hidden gems in and around the Blythswood Square area and the streets between Hope Street and Charing Cross: this being the city's business district however it can feel quite deserted on evenings and weekends.
Be warned though about dress codes, particularly in some of the more upmarket establishments in the city centre and West End: sportswear and trainers (sneakers) are often banned, and some door staff are notoriously "selective" about who is allowed. If confronted with this, go elsewhere. The general "boozer" type pubs have no dress codes, but football shirts are almost universally banned in all: particularly on weekends. One rule to be aware of is that some clubs and upmarket pubs enforce an unwritten policy of not allowing all-male groups of more than about four people. For this reason, it may be advisable to split into groups of two or three. Some pubs in Glasgow are also exclusively the haunt of Old Firm football fans: again, these will be very crowded on football days, can get very rowdy, and should be avoided. Fortunately they are easy to spot; for example, a large cluster of Celtic-oriented pubs exist in the Barrowlands area, while one or two bars on or near Paisley Road West are favourite haunts of Rangers fans.
The following is merely a selection of the many bars, pubs, wine bars and clubs throughout the city.
An increasingly popular pastime in the city is the 'Subcrawl', a pub crawl round Glasgow's underground system, getting off at each of the fifteen stops to go to the nearest pub for a drink. It is advisable to go with a local especially since in some parts on the south side the nearest pub to the underground station is not immediately obvious, but it is a good way to see the different neighbourhoods and pub cultures of the city.
Like any major British city, the central area of Glasgow has its fair share of chain and theme pubs, with establishments from the likes of Whitbread, Yates and of course the ubiquitous JD Wetherspoon:
- The Counting House, George Square (near Queen Street station).Formerly a flagship branch of the Bank of Scotland, you can drink here in the splendour of this old Victorian banking hall. Converted into an open plan bar by the Wetherspoon chain, it’s popular with tourists and locals alike, with quirky features such as the bank vault now being used as a wine cellar.
- The Crystal Palace, Jamaica Street (near Central Station and the Jamaica Bridge). Another Wetherspoons establishment, good for evening football; and good place to meet up if you are heading across to the O2 Academy or the Citizen’s Theatre on the other side of the river.
- Waxy O'Connors, West George Street (within the Carlton George Hotel, next to George Square/Queen Street station). Vaguely Irish themed bar with its curious 'Lord of the Rings'-like setting. Spread over six bars, nine rooms and three floors. The premises is a fun place, with steps and stairs running up and down through the maze of rooms and bars, and a rather eclectic mix of "tree trunk" and church gothic interior décor.
Glasgow has many options for whisky, though many may not be immediately be obvious for the passing tourist. Here are some good starting points:
- The Pot Still, 154 Hope Street (City Centre). At a few blocks north of Central Station. It stocks over 300 single malt whiskeys (as well as other drinks, of course), and the staff really know their stuff. It's also an excellent example of a traditional British pub, with a great atmosphere.
- Oran Mor Whisky Bar, Byres Road (On the corner with Great Western Road), . The bar has a large selection of whiskies. It's a great starting point for the beginner. if you make yourself known to the staff as something of a newbie, then somebody in here will certainly be able to guide you through the different regions and tastes.
- The Ben Nevis, 1147 Argyle St (towards the West End).
- Bon Accord, 153 North Street (near the Mitchell Library at Charing Cross). Has over 230 whiskies. Also offers real ales.
Beers & Real Ale
- Republic Bier Halle, 9 Gordon Street (off Buchanan Street, 2 mins from Central Station). Quirky beer pub (as the name suggests), where beers from all over the world are served to you after ordering from a menu. This chain is quickly becoming famous for it's 2-for-1 stonebaked pizza deals, and its recently introduced £5 all-you-can-eat buffet midweek (the main branch on Gordon St will service weekends, but not the sister branches!) While the beers can be quite expensive, you'll be hard pushed to find better quality food for the price in the city centre. A must-visit.
- Beer Cafe, Candleriggs (Merchant City, inside the Merchant Square complex). Wide range of local and imported beers both in bottles and draught form.
- Blackfriars, 36 Bell Street (Merchant City, on the corner of Bell Street/Albion Street), . Great range of local and other beers/ales both in bottles and draught form, sometimes does live music.
- The Three Judges, Partick Cross (West End, on the intersection of Byres and Dumbarton Roads, nearest subway: Kelvinhall), . Lovely West End establishment with a continually changing board of ales from all over the UK on tap as well as a cider. They also have a fantastic selection of imported bottled beers in the fridge and Frambozen on tap. Has won the CAMRA award (Campaign For Real Ale) most years for the past 2 decades. Managed by Maclay Inns & Pubs.
- West Brewery Bar, Glasgow Green (East End, in the Templeton Building), . Bar open Sun-Thu 11:00-23:00; Fri-Sat: 11:00-24:00. Food daily 11:30-21:00. A restaurant and micro brewery serving traditional food and German style lager and hefeweizen beers.
- Pivo Pivo, 15 Waterloo Street, . This bar has a very good selection of beers both on tap and bottled. It is also popular for live music as well. Just round the corner for hope street and they proudly don't sell Tennent's.
- Clockwork BeerCo, 1153-1155 Cathcart Road (near Hampden Park), .
- The State, 148-148a Holland Street (off Sauchiehall Street). A good ale venue and a cosy proper pub if you're sick of trendy bars.
The city’s large student population means there are no shortage of student bars, with large concentrations around the Merchant City area (for nearby Strathclyde and Glasgow Caledonian universities, as well as several nearby colleges), and of course Byres Road and Ashton Lane in the West End for Glasgow University. Another cluster (near Glasgow School of Art) exists along the western reaches of Sauchiehall Street, just beyond the pedestrianised section. Some of the most popular student bars are:
- The Ark, North Frederick Street (close to George Square).Catering for Strathclyde/Caledonian Universities. Has a big beer garden.
- The Hall, 457 Sauchiehall Street (rail: Charing Cross, Subway: St. George's Cross). Catering for Glasgow School of Art. Part of the Stonegate chain of student pubs with their famous "Yellow Card" promotions. Note that entry may be restricted to NUS cardholders only during peak times.
- Strathclyde University Union, 90 John Street (Merchant City, short walk from George Square). Notable for once being officially Scotland’s largest pub with 6 bars spread over 10 levels. Entry: £2 for non-members (NUS cardholders - entry fees for event nights may vary, and may be restricted to Strathclyde students).
- Glasgow University Union (at the bottom of University Avenue nr the junction with Kelvin Way). The “establishment” GUU - one of The University of Glasgow's two official student unions. Open to matriculating students from any one of the city's three universities.
- Queen Margaret Union (University Gardens at the top of Ashton Lane). The more quirky and laid back QM - the other official student union of The University of Glasgow. Also open to matriculating students from any one of the city's three universities.
Bath Street has a constantly shifting array of "style bars", which become more numerous as you walk up towards the financial district on Blythswood Hill. The quality varies wildly depending on your taste and tolerance. Some of the best are:
- Bar Buddha, 408 Sauchiehall Street. The original branch on St. Vincent Street is now closed - and mourned by its fans for being arguably far more atmospheric than its successor, but still a quirky style bar with bags of character.
- The Corinthian Club, 191 Ingram Street (Merchant City, nearest railway: Queen Street). Wickedly pretentious bar/restaurant converted from an old bank in the centre of Glasgow’s designer shop district with beautifully restored interior fittings. Food served is of a high standard, although drinks can be expensive. Note that a dress code (smart/casual - no sports footwear) is strictly enforced after 6PM.
- Hummingbird, 186 Bath Street. Bar/club/restaurant with extremely stylish, avant-garde decor and 4 floors.
- Bunker, 193-199 Bath Street (on the corner of Douglas Street and Bath Street), . Popular bar with office workers from the nearby financial area, and a good base to start a night out from.
- Kushion, 158-166 Bath Street (nearest rail: Charing Cross).Mediterranean basement theme bar, restaurant and nightclub. Close to King Tut's Wah Wah Hut. Student friendly.
Apart from Stravaigin and Brel in the West End (see the Restaurant section above), there are a few gems in and around the city centre.
- Strata, 45 Queen Street (at the southern end of Queen Street, near Argyle Street). Award winning gastropub split over two levels. Well known for its cocktail bar.
- Babbity Bowsters, 16-18 Blackfriars Street (Merchant City, nearest railway: High Street). Notable for its fine range of imported lagers, the bar meals are excellent. You can even sit outside in the quaint little beer garden (when it is not raining).
Culture and music
As the city centre and West End's bars become ever more sanitised, off-the-peg and tourist-oriented, finding a traditional “boozer” in Glasgow is getting harder. For the visitor who wants to make the effort, they can be great places to discover what many would call the “real” Glasgow, the Glasgow where Glaswegians hang out. The other advantage is that the cost of a drink is often a lot cheaper. Common sense should tell you which ones to try out, and which to avoid!
- The Horseshoe Bar, 17-19 Drury Street (short walk from Central Station). Possessing the longest continuous bar in the UK, the rock band Travis used to rehearse upstairs before hitting the big time; as a token of thanks, one of their Brit Awards is displayed behind the bar. Billy Joel has been another famous customer of this establishment when playing in the city.
- The Saracen Head, 209 Gallowgate (near Glasgow Cross).Nicknamed the “Sarry Heid” by locals, this old school pub (began in 1755, although in a different building) lies at the gateway to the Barrowlands area and the East End. Like all pubs in the area it becomes an exclusive haunt of Celtic fans on match days, and gets very rowdy.
- Failte, 79 St Vincent Street (nearest railway: Glasgow Central), . Independent Irish themed pub and a good place to have a banter with the locals. Like most Irish themed pubs in the city, it gets impossibly crowded on Celtic match days.
- The Scotia Bar, 112 Stockwell Street, . One of Glasgow's oldest bars (established 1792). Famous for its folk music and 'traditional' ambiance.
- The Alpen Lodge, 25 Hope Street. Great little bar with classic fast service and local banter.
- The Flying Duck, 142 Renfield Street, . Su-Th 12:05-23:55, F 12:05-03:00 Sa 15:00-03:00, Su 15:00-00:00. 18y+, dogs allowed. Two distinct areas: kitchen bar with quirky décor, board games and books has a microwave which you can use if you bring in your own food to eat & then there's a big, no frills dance area, with old film footage on big projection screens. Toilets have poetry and art sprawling over the walls. Plate of tacos made with lentil chilli incl. fresh guacamole, salsa & nachos £2 Tuesdays, beer & burger £5 Wednesdays & student discount.
Gay and lesbian
Glasgow has a lively scene which centres around the Merchant City area (the so-called "Pink Triangle" formed by Revolver, Bennets and the Polo Lounge). The city is gay-friendly, which is shown in the annual "Glasgay" celebrations in October [www].
- AXM, 80-90 Glassford St, . W-Su 23:30-03:30.Over two levels with all you could want from a gay club. W,Th,Su £3; F-Sa £5.
- The Polo Lounge, 84 Wilson St, . M-Th 17:00-01:00, F-Su 17:00-03:00. The upstairs bar is tastefully decorated in a Victorian style and is a great place to relax with friends. Downstairs boasts two dance areas, one playing all your pop favourites, the other chart and dance tunes. The crowd here is very mixed. Entry fee F-Sa nights.
- Underground, 6a John Street (Opposite the Italian Centre and downstairs next door to the 'Gay Chippie'), . M-Su 11:00-23:59. Mixed and relaxed crowd. Small and friendly bar with drag bingo on a Saturday afternoon.
- Radio, Ashton Lane (What self respecting homosexual needs directions to Ashton Lane nowadays), . M-Sat 12:00-23:59. Mixed and relaxed crowd. Small and friendly bar with a great theme nights.
- Katie's Bar, 17 John Street (Merchant City). daily, early to late. located in the very trendy Italian Centre of the Merchant City.
Things to know
Common phrases heard in Glasgow
The speed of the conversation tends to be quite quick in Glasgow. If necessary, ask people to repeat (even slowly!) what they are saying, Glaswegians are generally very friendly and able to communicate in far more formal English than that which is commonly used if it is required. Standing on a city centre street corner with a map in the daytime is usually a cue for passing Glaswegians to offer help in finding your way.
As with all areas of Scotland, regional dialects are present in Glasgow. The Glaswegian dialect of Scots or "the patter" as it is known, has evolved over the history of the city. As each wave of migration takes place, new words and phrases are added. There is a slight Celtic language connection due to the influences of Highland Gaelic and Irish Gaelic.
Glasgow slang is also peppered with various more or less meaningless phrases such as 'by the way', 'man' or 'dead' (very, as an adjective) that can give the answers to simple questions an almost baroque complexity. So "Did you enjoy the concert last night?" might be answered "Aye it was pure dead brilliant man" which means, essentially, "Yes, it was good".
One common misunderstanding between Scots and foreigners is that when the question "How are you?" is asked, you should not answer by telling them if you are not fine, and then go on to elaborate by describing what has happened to make you unhappy. This will annoy the average Scot, whose tolerance level for this will be quite low. The usual and accepted response is "Fine, you?"
Safety in Glasgow
Glasgow is like any other big city: it has safe areas and less safe areas, and the basic common sense rules apply. The centre of Glasgow is safe and you should not encounter any problems. All of the city centre and tourist areas are well policed. During the day, the City Centre also has many 'information officers' in red hats and jackets who should be able to assist you if needed. Despite what its local reputation may be, being a Western European city, Glasgow ranks among one of the safest cities in the world. Glasgow does indeed have some very dangerous areas - particularly in some northern and eastern suburbs - where drug related crime for instance is rife, but these are well away from the centre and you would be unlikely to venture into them unless you were making a conscious effort to do so.
Crime in the city centre is usually limited to drunken and rowdy behaviour late in the evenings - hotspots include the southern end of Hope Street next to Central Station, and under the 'Heilanman's Umbrella', the railway bridge over Argyle St adjacent to Central Station; and the western end of Sauchiehall St which have large concentrations of bars and nightclubs. There is usually a heavy police presence anyway in these areas on Friday and Saturday nights to defuse any problems. The West End fares better, but be aware that the back streets off Byres Road and around the University can quickly disorientate a stranger unfamiliar with the area in the hours of darkness.
Although you'll see it being worn everywhere by the locals, if you buy any piece of Celtic or Rangers-related clothing as a souvenir, be wary of wearing it in public as it can lead to confrontation - particularly in the evenings. Most bars and clubs in the centre of the city universally ban all football colours, regardless of team.
Whereas prostitution and other sex work is legal in Scotland, 'soliciting' (i.e. prostitutes soliciting for business in the street), 'kerb crawling' (that is 'punters' driving or walking around obviously looking for sex workers) are both illegal, so avoid driving or walking around obvious red light district. The main trouble spots in the city have historically been the Blythswood Hill and Anderston areas close to the M8 motorway - a busy office district by day, but usually otherwise deserted in the evenings and on weekends. 'Running a brothel' is also illegal, so 'massage parlours' and brothels can be and are 'busted' by the police. If you are in a brothel/'massage parlour' which is raided by the police you may be taken into custody and asked questions you don't want to answer.
In a medical emergency, dial 999 or 112. These numbers are free of charge from any telephone. Scotland's National Health Service (NHS) will provide emergency treatment for anyone in Scotland, irrespective of whether they reside in Scotland or not.
For advice on non-emergency medical problems, you can ring the 24 hour NHS 24 service on 111 free of charge from landlines or mobiles.
If you should fall ill or have an accident, then the two closest hospitals to the centre of the city with an Accident & Emergency (A&E) department are as follows:
- Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 84 Castle Street (It is on the north east corner of the city centre, just to the north of Glasgow Cathedral. The location of the hospital is well signposted on all major roads, and is just off Junction 15 of the M8 motorway.), . Accident and Emergency services open 24 hours.
- Western Infirmary, Dumbarton Road (It is in the heart of the West End on Dumbarton Road (Nearest Subway: Kelvinhall), adjacent to Glasgow University and Kelvingrove Museum.), . Accident and Emergency services open 24 hours.