Districts & Neighbourhoods in Quebec City
On 1 January 2002, the 12 former towns of Sainte-Foy, Beauport, Charlesbourg, Sillery,Loretteville, Val-Bélair, Cap-Rouge, Saint-Émile,Vanier, L'Ancienne-Lorette, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures and Lac-Saint-Charles were annexed by Quebec City. This was one of several municipal mergers which took place across Quebec on that date. Following a demerger referendum, L'Ancienne-Lorette and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures were reconstituted as separate municipalities on 1 January 2006, but the other former municipalities remain part of Quebec City. On 1 November 2009, the Quebec City re-organized its boroughs, reducing the number from 8 to 6.
As of 2011 Quebec City has 35 districts in six boroughs. All districts are numbered, and most are named. In most cases the name of the district is similar to a historical town or village it replaced, but not always. Districts each elect their own council, which are part of public consultations with the city government. The numbering system was based on the 2002-2009 borough boundaries, so post-2009 the numbers do not correspond completely with the boroughs.
Compared to many other cities in North America, there less variation between average household incomes between the districts. However, some disparities exist. Montcalm, Sillery, Cap-Rouge,and the southern part of Sainte-Foy are considered to be the wealthiest and all areas found west of Old Quebec along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River.
The cities traditional working class areas are found in the lower town below Old Quebec (Saint-Sauveur and Saint Roch) and directly across the Saint Charles River (Vanier and Limoilou). However, parts of Limoilou and particularly Saint Roch have seen gentrification in the last 20 years, attracting young professionals and the construction of new offices and condos.
The central part of the city consists of industrial areas while northern sections (Loretteville, Val Belair) and eastern sections (Beapourt, Charlesbourg) are mostly a mix of middle class residential suburbs.
La Cité-Limoilou is the central borough of Quebec City, the oldest (in terms of architecture), and the most populous, comprising 21.85% of the city's total population. As an administrative division, it is very new, having only been formed on November 1, 2009, from the former boroughs of La Cité and Limoilou.
La Cité ("the city" or "the stronghold") is the historic heart of Quebec City. It was the entirety of the city until the nineteenth century expansions and amalgamations. The former borough was divided into six different districts before the 2009 reorganization. The central district of La Cité is Vieux-Québec—Cap-Blanc—colline Parlementaire. It is in turn centred on the old walled city, Old Quebec, and also includes nearby Parliament Hill, the Old Port, and the Petit Champlain shopping district. Other districts within La Cité are also home to much historic architecture and many important institutions.
Limoilou is a former borough of Quebec City. Population (2001): 44,980. It consisted of the neighbourhoods of Vieux-Limoilou, Lairet and Maizerets. It is bordered by the borough of Beauport in the northeast, by the borough of Charlesbourg in the northwest, by the borough of Les Rivières in the southwest, and by the former downtown borough of La Cité (now also part of La Cité-Limoilou) in the south. In terms of architecture, Limoilou is second only to La Cité as Quebec City's oldest neighbourhood. It is also Quebec City's second most densely populated borough, with 4,656 inhabitants/km2. A defining characteristic of the neighbourhood is its grid pattern layout, and the numerical naming of its streets, such as 11th Street and 3rd Avenue.
Les Rivières (The Rivers) is a borough of Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Population (2006): 59,920. It comprises 5 neighbourhoods: Neufchâtel-Est, Lebourgneuf, Duberger, Les Saules and Vanier. Except for Vanier, all of these neighbourhoods were part of the pre-2002 city of Quebec.
Les Rivières is one of the six boroughs of Quebec City. It takes its name from the Saint-Charles River that passes through the borough as well as two tributaries rivers of Saint-Charles: Berger and Lorette. The borough is geographically located in the centre of Quebec City and contains the Galeries de la Capitale shopping centre.
Les Rivières borough vastly corresponds to the Rivières section of the former city of Québec (Québec City as it was known before the 2002 municipal reorganization). The borough also include the former city of Vanier which was merged into Quebec City in 2002.
The Rivières section of the former city was made of four municipalities that were annexed to Quebec City in the 1970s. They were Duberger, Les Saules, Neufchâtel and Charlesbourg-Ouest. These former municipalities kept their respective name as neighbourhoods of Quebec City with the exception of Charlesbourg-Ouest which was renamed Lebourgneuf. Lebourgneuf got its name as a portmanteau from the last letters of Charlesbourg and the first letters Neufchatel because Charlesbourg-Ouest was located between Charlesbourg and Neufchâtel.
Following the creation of the new city of Quebec in 2002, Neufchâtel was dismantled, with most of it going to La Haute-Saint-Charles borough. The part of Neufchâtel that was retained by Les Rivières borough became Neufchâtel-Est.
The borough is mostly an industrial area with a few residential neighbourhoods (Vanier, Duberger and Les Saules.) In recent years the population has increased following a large amount of residential development, particularity the construction of condos along Boulevard Robert-Bourassa.
The borough was created on November 1, 2009, from the former borough of Sainte-Foy–Sillery and part of the former borough of Laurentien. Those boroughs in turn had been created on January 1, 2002; on that date, the former city of Cap-Rouge, a small part of the former city of Sainte-Foy, and other territory went into Laurentien, while the former city of Sillery and the rest of Sainte-Foy formed Sainte-Foy–Sillery.
The territory of the borough is divided in six quarters, only two of which have official names: Notre-Dame-des-Laurentides and Des Jésuites. The borough is also equally divided into five electoral districts for municipal elections. The quarters and districts do not correspond as they do in other boroughs like Beauport, for example.
The other four quarters have numeric identifiers and will receive official names when neighborhood councils are formed and names are adopted.
This residential suburb of Quebec City is the fourth-largest urban centre of the Québec Urban Community. Like Beauport, it has increased by more than 20,000 people over the last 25 years.
According to the Canada 2006 Census:
- Population: 72,814
- % Change (2001-2006): +3.6
- Dwellings: 33,497
- Area (km²): 66.29
- Density (persons per km²): 1,098.4
Beauport is a northeastern suburb of Quebec City. Manufacturers include paint, construction materials, printers, and hospital supplies. Food transportation is important to the economy. Attractions include Parc de la Chute-Montmorency (Montmorency Falls Park), which contains a fortification built in 1759 by James Wolfe and Manoir Montmorency, the home from 1791 to 1794 of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn.
The city's historic district contains many interesting churches and homes, including Bélanger-Girardin House, a National Historic Site of Canada where visitors can learn about Beauport's heritage. Annual events include the spring arts festival Salon de Mai and the summer Festival Folklorique des enfants du monde, a multicultural and international children's folklore festival.
La Haute-Saint-Charles is a borough of Quebec City. Population (2006): 74,070. It comprises Lac-Saint-Charles, Saint-Émile, Neufchâtel, Loretteville and Val-Bélair.
It also entirely surrounds the urban Indian reserve of Wendake, which is autonomous from the borough.