CABO SAN LUCAS

Introduction

CABO SAN LUCAS WEATHER

Info Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas , or simply Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants. Cabo San Lucas together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

Cabo is a varied destination that captures the essence of Baja Peninsula in its many resorts, hotels, golf courses, dining and amazing outdoor activities.

Cabo San Lucas is a bustling hub for sport fishermen, cruise ships, handicraft vendors, water sport aficionados and nightlife seekers. The area is considered the second fastest growing resort destination in all of Mexico and particularly busy with visitors during the winter high season, November to February. With some of the best all-around sport fishing in the world and every water sport imaginable, Cabo is the ultimate destination for travelers looking for outdoor adventure.


Tourism

Cabo San Lucas has become a prominent vacation and spa destination, with a variety of sites of interest and timeshares that have been built on the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo. The distinctive Arco de Cabo San Lucas is a local landmark.

Cabo San Lucas has the highest paying marlin tournament in the world called the "Bisbee's Los Cabos Offshore". This tournament takes place every year in the month of October.

In the winter, pods of whales can be observed in the area. They bear their calves in the warm waters of the Gulf of California after completing their 6000-mile migration from Alaska and Siberia.

Development

The beaches, surfing, and sport fishing opportunities in Cabo San Lucas have attracted a great number of Mexican natives and foreigners to spend their vacations in large-scale tourist developments there. The development of Cabo's tourism industry was prompted by the Mexican government's development of infrastructure to turn Cabo San Lucas into a major center for tourism in Mexico, beginning in 1974. Upon completion of the Transpeninsular Highway, also known as the Mexican Federal Highway 1, tourist developments in Los Cabos proceeded relatively unchecked.

Until fairly recently, the unique and fragile environment of this part of Mexico was largely unprotected by law, and therefore was subjected to developers acting in concert with government agencies interested only in low-end tourist bonanzas. There is, however, a growing collection of activists and attorneys now involved in preserving many of Baja's desert habitats, marine mammals, and stretches of coastline. A number of agencies including the Gulf of California Conservation Fund and the Center for Environmental Law in La Paz are challenging the destruction of wetlands and other ecosystems from Los Cabos to Ensenada. In the face of a growing international public demand for corporate-driven ecological stewardship, higher-end resorts in the Los Cabos area are increasingly sensitive to their environmental impact, and are taking initial steps to institute sustainable practices such as reducing water usage and non-recyclable trash output. In 2017 Los Cabos is projected to be one of the leaders in travel in Latin America, many of the developments owed to its increased accessibility with added plane routes from the US and Canada. It is expected that by 2018 4,000 new sleeping rooms will come online in Cabo, and the increase in tourism will contribute to its growth as a leader in leisure.

Transportation

Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are served by Los Cabos International Airport.

The town is also a popular port of call for many cruise ships. Cabo San Lucas has a small international airfield, which handles air traffic for general aviation flights and air taxi service.

Many tourists get around the area through the numerous local taxis that service the primary parts of Cabo, as well as the Corridor and the airport. Alternatively, there is a system of small buses that are used by locals but also available to tourists, and costing a few pesos tend to be much less expensive than the taxis.

Nightlife and activities

Clubs in Cabo include the Cabo Wabo Cantina, a nightclub owned by rock star Sammy Hagar, founded originally by himself and other members of Van Halen, named after their hit single Cabo Wabo. There is also the Baja Brewing Company (also the first microbrewery in Baja California), La Vaquita, Mandala, Coco Bongo, El Squid Roe, Giggling Marlin, Nowhere Bar, Tiki Bar, the Usual Suspects and the Jungle Bar. Restaurants in downtown Cabo include Edith's, Hacienda Cocina y Cantina, and Sunset da Mona Lisa. Tourists can also ride horses through the desert, charter a boat for fishing, snorkel, and parasail on the beach. The English-language newspaper for Cabo San Lucas, the biweekly "Gringo Gazette", has news on tourist activities in Cabo San Lucas, San Jose, Todos Santos, La Paz, and the East Cape Baja.

Eat in Cabo San Lucas

Cabo San Lucas has a special affinity for seafood, but restaurants featuring European and North American cuisines also attract travelers. Dining is generally expensive, but you can find cheaper eats and more fascinating cultural experiences if you try some of the hole-in-the-wall taco joints (taquerias) located downtown or along the hotel corridor.

Over the years as the area has increased in popularity, Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo have started to draw more and more acclaimed chefs (and their innovative menus) to Mexico. Some popular spots to try include Suviche Restaurant by Jean-Georges Vongerichten, located within the One&Only Palmilla Resort, which plates sushi and ceviche; Flora's Field Kitchen, which offers farm-to-table meals; and Tadd Chapman's Don Sanchez, which dishes out traditional Mexican fare with innovative flair. For a special occasion meal, consider El Farallon at the Resort at Pedregal for its oceanfront perch. If you're looking for a more casual but still tasty authentic Mexican meal, head to one of Cabo's smaller hot spots, such as Edith's, Mi Casa, Tiki Cabo San Lucas or Hacienda Cocina y Cantina.

Resort corridor

Medano is the main beach of Cabo San Lucas, pictured here with Land's End in the background

The corridor is home to a variety of hotels and tourist attractions. High-end resorts in the corridor include the Waldorf Astoria (formerly known as The Resort at Pedregal) , Las Ventanas al Paraiso, and Esperanza.

Medano Beach, located in the Chileno Bay, is one of the most frequented beaches in the Corridor. It is home to tropical fish, sea turtles, invertebrates, and sponges. Snorkelers often visit Chileno Bay to observe the underwater sea life.


Population

As of the 2015, the population was 81,111 and has experienced very rapid growth and development. It is the third-largest city in Baja California Sur after La Paz and San José del Cabo.

The majority of non-Mexican inhabitants in the community originate from the United States, and along with residents from San José del Cabo they account for the 80% of the U.S. population in the state.


Geography

The Baja California Sur peninsula is a region of mountains and coastal plains covering an area of approximately 28,369 sq mi. It is surrounded on three sides by the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortez, also known as the Gulf of California, and has the longest littoral of any state in Mexico, with 1,386 miles of coastline including the attractive bays of Sebastián Vizcaíno, San Juanico, Magdalena, La Paz, Asunción, Ballenas, Concepción and San Carlos.

Numerous islands surround the peninsula. In the Pacific Ocean are the Natividad, Magdalena and Santa Margarita islands. In the Sea of Cortez are the islands of San Marcos, Coronado, Danzante, Carmen, Montserrat, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, San Diego, San José, San Francisco, Partida, Espíritu Santo, and Cerralvo.

The altitude ranges from sea level to a maximum of 6,857 ft over the sea level, in the Sierra de la Laguna.

Physical Features

The mountain range known as the Sierra de la Giganta is of volcanic origin and reaches an altitude of 1,968 ft. The western face slopes gently, but is more rugged on the side facing the Sea of Cortez.

To the west of the Sierra is a region of coastal plains with an average width of 25 miles. This includes the large plains of Santa Clara, Berrendo, Magdalena and Hiray, the latter composed of sedimentary marine rock, mainly limestone

Rivers

Seasonal rivers and streams that fill during the rainy season and then empty into the sea, mainly on the Pacific side, include San Benito, San Miguel, and Raymundo. The longest river in Baja California Sur is the San Ignacio River, which empties into Ballenas Bay.

Climate

The southern parts of the state have a dry, desert climate. The maximum temperature exceeds 104ºF in summer and the minimum is less than 32ºF in winter. In the region of Los Cabos, the climate is hot, only slightly humid and affected by cyclones.

Plants and Wildlife

The giant cactus known as "cardón cactus" is unique to this area. The arid soil also favors other types of cacti, shrubs and sagebrush, and trees like torote and oak-pine.

There are numerous species of reptiles, mammals including coyotes, pronghorns, bighorn sheep, raccoons and deer, migratory birds like golden eagles and ospreys, and marine life including gray, blue and humpback whales and orcas.

Protected Natural Areas

In Baja California Sur there are several Protected Natural Areas, with a great diversity of plant life, much of it endemic to the area. Among the PNAs are the Sebastián Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve, the Sierra La Laguna Biosphere Reserve, the Loreto Bay National Marine Park, the Biosphere Reserve on the islands of the Sea of Cortez, the Cabo Pulmo National Marine Park, the Sand Cascades in Cabo San Lucas and the San José Estuary.


History

Archaeological excavations have shown evidence of continual human habitation in the area for at least 10,000 years. When the first Europeans arrived, they encountered the Pericú people, who survived on a subsistence diet based on hunting and gathering seeds, roots, shellfish, and other marine resources. They called the location Yenecamú.

According to the narrative of Hatsutaro, a Japanese castaway, in the book Kaigai Ibun (written by Maekawa, Junzo and Bunzo Sakai and narrated by Hatsutaro), when he arrived at Cabo San Lucas in May 1842, there were only two houses and about 20 inhabitants. However, American authors such as Henry Edwards and John Ross Browne claim that Cabo San Lucas's founder was an Englishman named Thomas "Old Tom" Ritchie. John Ross Browne says Ritchie arrived there about 1828, while Edwards says that he died in October 1874. The actual founder of Cabo San Lucas was Cipriano Ceseña in 1788 who arrived from Hermosillo, Sonora. Per The book by Pablo L. Martinez, Guia Familiar de Baja California 1700-1900.

A fishing village began growing in the area. In 1917, an American company built a floating platform to catch tuna, and ten years later founded Compañía de Productos Marinos S.A. The plant operated for several years.

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