COLUMBUS

Ohio, United States

Columbus is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Ohio. It is the 15th largest city in the United States, with a population of 850,106 (2015 estimate). It is the core city of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which encompasses a ten county area. It is Ohio's third largest metropolitan area, behind Cleveland and Cincinnati.

Info Columbus

introduction

Columbus is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Ohio. It is the 15th largest city in the United States, with a population of 850,106 (2015 estimate). It is the core city of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which encompasses a ten county area. It is Ohio's third largest metropolitan area, behind Cleveland and Cincinnati.

Under the Combined Statistical Area (CSA) model, the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area was the 28th largest in the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area (which also includes Marion, Chillicothe, and Mount Vernon) has a population of 2,370,839, making it the second largest metropolitan area in Ohio behind Cleveland. It is also the fourth most populous state capital in the United States, and the third largest city in the Midwestern United States.

Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County. The city proper has also expanded and annexed portions of adjoining Delaware County and Fairfield County. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816.

The city has a diverse economy based on education, government, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, clothes, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology. Columbus is home to the Battelle Memorial Institute, the world's largest private research and development foundation; Chemical Abstracts Service, the world's largest clearinghouse of chemical information; NetJets, the world's largest fractional ownership jet aircraft fleet; and The Ohio State University, one of the largest universities in the United States. As of 2013, the city has the headquarters of five corporations in the U.S. Fortune 500: Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company,American Electric Power, L Brands,Big Lots, and Cardinal Health. The fast-food corporations Wendy's and White Castle are also based in the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area.

info
POPULATION :• City 787,033
• Estimate (2015) 850,106
• Urban 1,368,035 (US: 36th)
• Metro 1,967,066 (US: 32nd)
• CSA 2,370,839 (US: 25th)
FOUNDED :  
TIME ZONE :Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
LANGUAGE : English
RELIGION : 
AREA :• City 223.11 sq mi (577.85 km2)
• Land 217.17 sq mi (562.47 km2)
• Water 5.94 sq mi (15.38 km2)
ELEVATION : 902 ft (275 m)
COORDINATES : 39°59′N 82°59′W
SEX RATIO :
ETHNIC : White 61.5% 
—Non-Hispanic 59.3%
Black or African American 28.0% 
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 5.6% 
Asian 4.1%
AREA CODE : 614, 380
POSTAL CODE :43085, 43201-43207, 43209-43224, 43226-43232, 43234-43236, 43240, 43251, 43260, 43266, 43268, 43270-43272, 43279, 43287, 43291
DIALING CODE : +1 614
WEBSITE :  City of Columbus

Tourism

Columbus is the capital of the American state of Ohio and is located centrally within the state in the Mid-Ohio region. Sited in an area where the Rust Belt, Bible Belt, Appalachia, and the Farm Belt meet, Columbus is a fusion of many different parts of America. It is the home of Ohio State University. The combination of Ohio Government and Ohio State University has fueled amazing growth both financially and physically in Columbus. It has created a business and research environment that has provided substantial employment opportunities to the diverse ethnic and local graduates of Ohio State University, and other academic institutions in Columbus. The Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC), is projected to be one of the top 50 supercomputers in the world and among the top 10 supercomputing academic centers.

In 2012, Columbus was ranked in BusinessWeek's 50 best cities in America. In 2013, Forbes gave Columbus an "A" rating as one of the top cities for business in the U.S.,  and later that year included the city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers. Columbus was also ranked as the no. 1 up-and-coming tech city in the nation by Forbes in 2008, and the city was ranked a top ten city by Relocate America in 2010. In 2007, fDi Magazine ranked the city no. 3 in the U.S. for cities of the future. It also ranked number 1 on About.com's list of the United States' Most Underrated Gay Cities.


Visitor information

History

Ohio Country

The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the Ohio Country, under the nominal control of the French colonial empire through the Viceroyalty of New France from 1663 until 1763. In the 18th century European traders flocked to the area, attracted by the fur trade.

The area found itself frequently caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory until the French forcibly evicted them. In the early 1750s the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey. Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) became part of the international Seven Years' War (1756-1763). During this period the region routinely suffered turmoil, massacres and battles. The 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire.


Virginia Military District

After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country became part of the Virginia Military District, under the control of the United States. Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather than finding an empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Delaware, Wyandot, Shawnee, and Mingo nations, as well as European traders. The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, leading to years of bitter conflict. The decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which finally opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a young surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River and Olentangy River. An admirer of Benjamin Franklin, Sullivant chose to name his frontier village "Franklinton". The location was desirable for its proximity to navigable rivers—but Sullivant was initially foiled when, in 1798, a large flood wiped out the new settlement. He persevered, and the village was rebuilt.


19th century

After Ohio achieved statehood in 1803, political infighting among prominent Ohio leaders led to the state capital moving from Chillicothe to Zanesville and back again. The State legislature decided a new capital city in the state's center was a necessary compromise. They chose Columbus because of its central location and proximity to major transportation routes (primarily rivers). The legislature chose it as the capital over a number of other competitors, including Franklinton, Dublin, Worthington, and Delaware. Prior to the state legislature's decision in 1812, Columbus did not exist. The city was designed to be the state capital. Named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the capital city was founded on February 14, 1812, on the "High Banks opposite Franklinton at the Forks of the Scioto most known as Wolf's Ridge." At the time, this area was a dense forestland, used only as a hunting ground.

The "Burough of Columbus" [sic] was officially established on February 10, 1816. Nine people were elected to fill the various positions of Mayor, Treasurer, and several others. Although the recent War of 1812 had brought prosperity to the area, the subsequent recession and conflicting claims to the land threatened the new town's success. Early conditions were abysmal with frequent bouts of fevers and an outbreak of cholera in 1833.

The National Road reached Columbus from Baltimore in 1831, which complemented the city's new link to the Ohio and Erie Canal and facilitated a population boom. A wave of European immigrants led to the creation of two ethnic enclaves on the city's outskirts. A large Irish population settled in the north along Naghten Street (presently Nationwide Boulevard), while the Germans took advantage of the cheap land to the south, creating a community that came to be known as the Das Alte Südende (The Old South End). Columbus's German population constructed numerous breweries, Trinity Lutheran Seminary, and Capital University.

With a population of 3,500, Columbus was officially chartered as a city on March 3, 1834. On that day the legislature carried out a special act, which granted legislative authority to the city council and judicial authority to the mayor. Elections were held in April of that year, with voters choosing one John Brooks as the first mayor. Columbus annexed the then-separate city of Franklinton in 1837.

In 1850, the Columbus and Xenia Railroad became the first railroad into the city, followed by the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad in 1851. The two railroads built a joint Union Station on the east side of High Street just north of Naghten (then called North Public Lane). Rail traffic into Columbus increased—by 1875, eight railroads served Columbus, and the rail companies built a new, more elaborate station.

On January 7, 1857, the Ohio Statehouse finally opened after 18 years of construction.

During the Civil War, Columbus was a major base for the volunteer Union Army. It housed 26,000 troops and held up to 9,000 Confederate prisoners of war at Camp Chase, at what is now the Hilltop neighborhood of west Columbus. Over 2,000 Confederate soldiers remain buried at the site, making it one of the North's largest Confederate cemeteries. North of Columbus, along the Delaware Road, the Regular Army established Camp Thomas, where the 18th U.S. Infantry organized and trained.

By virtue of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act, the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College (which became The Ohio State University) founded in 1870 on the former estate of William and Hannah Neil.

By the end of the 19th century, Columbus was home to several major manufacturing businesses. The city became known as the "Buggy Capital of the World," thanks to the two dozen buggy factories—notably the Columbus Buggy Company, founded in 1875 by C.D. Firestone . The Columbus Consolidated Brewing Company also rose to prominence during this time, and might have achieved even greater success were it not for the Anti-Saloon League in neighboring Westerville.

In the steel industry, a forward-thinking man named Samuel P. Bush presided over the Buckeye Steel Castings Company. Columbus was also a popular location for labor organizations. In 1886, Samuel Gompersfounded the American Federation of Labor in Druid's Hall on S. Fourth Street, and in 1890 the United Mine Workers of America was founded at old City Hall. In 1894, James Thurber, who would go on to an illustrious literary career in Paris and New York City, was born in the city. Today the Ohio State's theater department has a performance center named in his honor, and his youthful home near the Discovery District is on the National Register of Historic Places.


20th century to the present

"The Columbus Experiment" was an internationally recognized environmental project in 1908, which involved construction of the first water plant in the world to apply filtration and softening, designed and invented by two brothers, Clarence and Charles Hoover. Those working to construct the project included Jeremiah O'Shaughnessy, name-bearer of the Columbus metropolitan area's O'Shaughnessy Dam. This invention helped drastically reduce typhoid deaths. The essential design is still used today.

Columbus earned one of its nicknames, The Arch City, because of the dozens of wooden arches that spanned High Street at the turn of the 20th century. The arches illuminated the thoroughfare and eventually became the means by which electric power was provided to the new streetcars. The city tore down the arches and replaced them with cluster lights in 1914 but reconstructed them from metal in the Short North district in 2002 for their unique historical interest.

On March 25, 1913, the Great Flood of 1913 devastated the neighborhood of Franklinton, leaving over ninety people dead and thousands of West Side residents homeless. To prevent flooding, the Army Corps of Engineers recommended widening the Scioto River through downtown, constructing new bridges, and building a retaining wall along its banks. With the strength of the post-World War Ieconomy, a construction boom occurred in the 1920s, resulting in a new Civic center, the Ohio Theatre, the American Insurance Union Citadel, and, to the north, a massive new Ohio Stadium. Although the American Professional Football Association was founded in Canton in 1920, its head offices moved to Columbus in 1921 to the New Hayden Building and remained in the city until 1941. In 1922, the association's name was changed to the National Football League. A decade later, in 1931, at a convention in the city, the Jehovah's Witnesses took that name by which they are known today.

The effects of the Great Depression were somewhat less severe in Columbus, as the city's diversified economy helped it fare marginally better than its Rust Belt neighbors. World War II brought a tremendous number of new jobs, and with it another population surge. This time, the majority of new arrivals were migrants from the "extraordinarily depressed rural areas" of Appalachia, who would soon account for more than a third of Columbus's rising population. In 1948, the Town and Country Shopping Center opened in suburban Whitehall, and it is now regarded as one of the first modern shopping centers in the United States.

The construction of the interstate highway signaled the arrival of rapid suburb development in central Ohio. To protect the city's tax base from this suburbanization, Columbus adopted a policy of linking sewer and water hookups to annexation to the city. By the early 1990s, Columbus had grown to become Ohio's largest city in land area and in population.

Efforts to revitalize downtown Columbus have had some success in recent decades, though like most major American cities, some architectural heritage was lost in the process. In the 1970s, landmarks such as Union Station and the Neil House Hotel were razed to construct high-rise offices and big retail space. The National City Bank building was constructed in 1977, as well as the Nationwide Plazas and other towers that sprouted during this period. The construction of the Greater Columbus Convention Center has brought major conventions and trade shows to the city. The Scioto Mile is a showcase park being developed along the riverfront, an area that already had the Miranova Corporate Center and The Condominiums at North Bank Park. Corporate interests have developed Capitol Square, including the local NBC affiliate at the corner of Broad and High.

The 2010 United States foreclosure crisis forced the city to purchase numerous foreclosed, vacant properties to renovate or demolish them–at a cost of tens of millions of dollars. As of February 2011, Columbus had 6,117 vacant properties, according to city officials.

Climate

The city's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfa) characterized by hot, muggy summers and cold, dry winters. Columbus is within USDA hardiness zone 6a. Winter snowfall is relatively light, since the city is not in the typical path of strong winter lows, such as the Nor'easters that strike cities farther east. It is also too far south and west for lake-effect snow from Lake Erie to have much effect, although the lakes to the North do contribute to long stretches of cloudy spells in winter.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Columbus was 106 °F (41 °C), which occurred twice during the Dust Bowl of the 1930s—once on July 21, 1934, and again on July 14, 1936. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −22 °F (−30 °C), occurring on January 19, 1994.  (wind chill was −63 °F (−53 °C)). Columbus is subject to severe weather typical to the Midwestern United States. Severe thunderstorms can bring lightning, large hail and on rare occasion tornadoes, especially during the spring and sometimes through fall. A tornado which occurred on October 11, 2006 caused F2 damage. Floods, blizzards, and ice storms can also occur from time to time.

Climate data for Columbus, Ohio

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)74
(23)
75
(24)
85
(29)
90
(32)
96
(36)
102
(39)
106
(41)
103
(39)
100
(38)
91
(33)
80
(27)
76
(24)
106
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C)58.7
(14.8)
63.3
(17.4)
74.8
(23.8)
82.2
(27.9)
87.1
(30.6)
92.2
(33.4)
93.5
(34.2)
92.7
(33.7)
89.3
(31.8)
82.1
(27.8)
71.4
(21.9)
61.3
(16.3)
94.9
(34.9)
Average high °F (°C)36.5
(2.5)
40.6
(4.8)
51.1
(10.6)
63.5
(17.5)
72.9
(22.7)
81.6
(27.6)
84.9
(29.4)
83.7
(28.7)
77.0
(25)
65.1
(18.4)
52.6
(11.4)
40.1
(4.5)
62.6
(17)
Average low °F (°C)22.6
(−5.2)
25.0
(−3.9)
32.7
(0.4)
42.6
(5.9)
52.2
(11.2)
61.5
(16.4)
65.5
(18.6)
64.1
(17.8)
56.5
(13.6)
45.0
(7.2)
36.1
(2.3)
26.8
(−2.9)
44.3
(6.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C)0.8
(−17.3)
5.5
(−14.7)
13.8
(−10.1)
26.0
(−3.3)
36.9
(2.7)
47.2
(8.4)
53.0
(11.7)
52.3
(11.3)
40.6
(4.8)
29.9
(−1.2)
20.4
(−6.4)
7.4
(−13.7)
−3.4
(−19.7)
Record low °F (°C)−22
(−30)
−20
(−29)
−6
(−21)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
43
(6)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
17
(−8)
−5
(−21)
−17
(−27)
−22
(−30)
Source: NOAA

Geography

The confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers occurs just north-west of Downtown Columbus. Several smaller tributaries course through the Columbus metropolitan area, including Alum Creek, Big Walnut Creek, and Darby Creek. Columbus is considered to have relatively flat topography thanks to a large glacier that covered most of Ohio during the Wisconsin Ice Age. However, there are sizable differences in elevation through the area, with the high point of Franklin County being 1,132 ft (345 m) above sea level nearNew Albany, and the low point being 670 ft (200 m) where the Scioto River leaves the county near Lockbourne. Numerous ravines near the rivers and creeks also add variety to the landscape. Tributaries to Alum Creek and the Olentangy River cut through shale, while tributaries to the Scioto River cut through limestone.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 223.11 square miles (577.85 km2), of which 217.17 square miles (562.47 km2) is land and 5.94 square miles (15.38 km2) is water.

Economy

Columbus has a generally strong and diverse economy based on education, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology. In 2010, it was one of the 10 best big cities in the country, according to Relocate America, a real estate research firm. MarketWatch ranked Columbus and its metro area as the No. 7 best place in the country to operate a business in 2008. In 2012, Forbes Magazine ranked the city as the best city for working moms. In 2007, the city was ranked No. 3 in the United States by fDi magazine for "Cities of the Future", and No. 4 for most business-friendly in the country. Columbus was ranked as the seventh strongest economy in the United States in 2006, and the best in Ohio, according to Policom Corp. In 2011, the Columbus metropolitan area's GDP was $94.7 billion, up from $90 billion in 2009, up from $85.5 billion in 2006, $75.43 billion in 2005, and $69.98 billion in 2001.

During the recession beginning in late 2007, Columbus's economy was not impacted as much as the rest of the country, due to decades of diversification work by long-time corporate residents, business leaders, and political leaders. The administration of former mayor Michael B. Coleman continued this work, although the city faced financial turmoil and had to increase taxes, allegedly due in part to fiscal mismanagement. Because Columbus is the state capital, there is a large government presence in the city. Including city, county, state, and federal employers, government jobs provide the largest single source of employment within Columbus.

In 2013, the city had four corporations named to the U.S. Fortune 500 list:Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, L Brands, and Big Lots, with Cardinal Health located in suburban Dublin. Other major employers in the area include numerous schools (for example, The Ohio State University) and hospitals, hi-tech research and development including the Battelle Memorial Institute, information/library companies such as OCLC and Chemical Abstracts, financial institutions such as JP Morgan Chase and Huntington Bancshares, as well as Owens Corning. Wendy's and White Castle are also headquartered in Columbus. Major foreign corporations operating or with divisions in the city include Germany-based Siemens and Roxane Laboratories, Finland-based Vaisala, Tomasco Mulciber Inc., A Y Manufacturing, as well as Switzerland-based ABB Group and Mettler Toledo.

Subdivisions

  • Downtown -  includes the Arena district and Short North.


  • University Area - also known as the University District is the area around The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. It also includes the OSU Hospital and The James Cancer Research Hospital.


  • Northwest Columbus - is defined as being North of Interstate 70 and West of Interstate 71, in Columbus, Ohio. Included in this area would be Grandview Heights, Upper Arlington, Worthington, Dublin, Powell and Hillard neighborhoods.


  • Northeast Columbus - is defined as being North of Interstate 70 and East of Interstate 71, in Columbus, Ohio. Included in this area would be Westerville, Minerva Park, New Albany, Gahanna, Whitehall and Reynoldsburg. It is also where Columbus Int. Airport is located.


  • South Columbus - is defined as being South of I-70 in Columbus, Ohio. It includes German Village, Brewery District, New Rome, Valley View, Galloway, Urbancrest, Grove City, Obetz, Groveport and Brice.

Internet, Comunication

Visitor Information

  • Easton visitor information center: 188 Easton Town Center, +1 614 416-8080. Located on the first floor of the Easton Town Center mall; two free parking garages are located on either end of the mall.
  • Downtown visitor information center: 277 W Nationwide Blvd, +1 614 221-6623. Located on the corner of Nationwide Blvd. and Neil Ave. in the Arena District; parking is free for the first fifteen minutes in the lot across the street.

WIFI Access

  • Stauf's (Grandview Village). Possibly the best coffee place in Columbus.
  • The Waiting RoomNorth High St (near 1st Ave).
  • Cafe KerouacNorth High St (near Northwood Ave). A funky neighborhood coffee shop that also has books and magazines.
  • Cup O' Joe. Several locations throughout the city including North High St, German Village, Bexley and Olentangy River Rd. Coffee roasted by Stauf's.
  • The ShiSha Loungue2367 N. High St. Cafe, hookah bar, live music, DJs
  • Panera. The nation's largest free WiFi provider, has many locations in malls, on High St, and in the suburbs.
  • Scottie MacBean's. Location in Worthington on High St.

Prices in Columbus

PRICES LIST - USD

MARKET / SUPERMARKET

Milk1 liter$0.75
Tomatoes1 kg$3.50
Cheese0.5 kg$7.00
Apples1 kg$4.30
Oranges1 kg$4.55
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$1.75
Bottle of Wine1 bottle$13.00
Coca-Cola2 liters$1.58
Bread1 piece$1.60
Water1.5 l$2.20

PRICES LIST - USD

RESTAURANTS

Dinner (Low-range)for 2$25.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2$43.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2$
Mac Meal or similar1 meal$6.00
Water0.33 l$1.15
Cappuccino1 cup$3.40
Beer (Imported)0.33 l$5.00
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$3.20
Coca-Cola0.33 l$1.60
Coctail drink1 drink$8.00

PRICES LIST - USD

ENTERTAINMENT

Cinema2 tickets$20.00
Gym1 month$40.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut$13.00
Theatar2 tickets$132.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.$0.19
Pack of Marlboro1 pack$6.50

PRICES LIST - USD

PERSONAL CARE

Antibiotics1 pack$16.00
Tampons32 pieces$7.00
Deodorant50 ml.$2.90
Shampoo400 ml.$3.60
Toilet paper4 rolls$2.10
Toothpaste1 tube$2.05

PRICES LIST - USD

CLOTHES / SHOES

Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)$46.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M….)1$39.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas…)1$88.00
Leather shoes1$85.00

PRICES LIST - USD

TRANSPORTATION

Gasoline1 liter$0.57
TaxiStart$3.00
Taxi1 km$1.50
Local Transport1 ticket$2.00

Tourist (Backpacker)  

34 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

103 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

  • Port Columbus International Airport4600 International Gateway,  +1 614 239-4083. Port Columbus (IATA:CMH) is served by all the major airlines, with direct flights to most major American cities and a few international cities. Aside from rental cars, the airport can also be reached by the #92 bus, or by taxi. A taxi ride to downtown is about 20 minutes, depending on traffic, and will cost approximately $20-50. Depending on your schedule and where you are connecting to, it may be worthwhile to check flights to Dayton as well (estimate one-hour drive to Columbus), as they are often cheaper.
  • Rickenbacker International Airport2241 John Circle Dr,  +1 614 239-4000. Passenger Charter Terminal/Charter flights.

Transportation - Get In

By car

  • Major highways include I-71 & Rte. 315 (north and south), I-70 & I-670 (east and west), and the outer-belt, I-270. US Routes 33, 23, and 40 also converge downtown.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

  • Greyhound111 East Town St,  +1 614 228-2266. 24 hours a day
  • Megabus,  +1-877-462-6342. Service to Columbus from Chicago, Indianapolis, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Lexington, Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Atlanta. Fares start at . Buses arrive and depart downtown Columbus at the northeast corner of East Rich Street and South 3th Street. Some buses (those coming from Chicago, Indianapolis, and sometimes Cincinnati) also serve Ohio State University from a stop at the Ohio Union building on the west side of the intersection of High Street and 12th Avenue.

 


Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By bus

The COTA bus service can take you to most important places in the city, which should be about 5 blocks away from any conceivable location you need to go to. This service costs $2.75 for an Express bus and $2.00 for a Local/Crosstown bus. Transfers for a Local/Crosstown bus are free, but transfers between bus types, such as from a Local to an Express route, are subject to an upcharge. Inform the bus driver that you need a transfer ("may I have a transfer, please?") when you pay your fare, and you'll be given a transfer pass that you use when boarding the next bus. Please note that you cannot use a transfer pass to board a bus on the same line that travels in the opposite direction (i.e. you cannot get off a bus line and use the transfer pass to board a bus going the other way). This prevents riders from using the pass to return to their destination without paying a second fare, and is a common mistake made by many new riders.

Transportation - Get Around

By foot

Most of High St (US Route 23) from Clintonville in the North to Merion Village in the South is pedestrian-friendly, though it does pass through some less-than-scenic areas, particularly the few blocks between campus and the short north. Downtown Columbus is a walkable city with most attractions located within a 20-minute walk of each other. The Columbus Landmarks Foundation conducts walking tours, too.

Transportation - Get Around

By Car

Columbus is a car-centric city, with usage of a car required outside of the areas directly surrounding downtown. Parking is extensive (and reasonably priced) at almost all major destinations. There are many surface lots and garages around the city. There are only a few areas of the city, like the Short North, where parking can be hard to come by; those locations all feature abundant valet parking at an affordable $5 per vehicle. Keep in mind that U-turns are illegal citywide in Columbus.

Downtown is a short drive ($20-50 taxi fare) from Port Columbus (the airport) via I-670W.

Columbus is notorious for aggressive towing companies, especially downtown, on campus, and in the Short North. Before you park somewhere, make sure that it does not have a "Private Parking" or "Tow Away Zone" sign nearby.

Transportation - Get Around

By Bicycle

  • CoGo Bike Sharehttps://www.cogobikeshare.com/. A bike sharing program with stations in downtown; pick up a bike at any station and return it to any station. A pass enables unlimited 30 minute trips. $6/24 hour pass.

Hotels

- BEST RATED -

Hotels

- BEST VALUE -

Shopping

  • Short North. A neighborhood of galleries, restaurants and cafes lining High Street, which is the main north-south thoroughfare in the downtown. The Short North lies just north of the downtown on the north side of I-670. The Short North runs until about Third Avenue. In 2005, the overpass of I-670 was finished with shops making a "cap" over the freeway with restaurants and shops. Check out the Gallery Hop the first Saturday of every month when the galleries stay open late and the streets and bars are definitely hopping.
  • The North Market59 Spruce St,  +1 614 221-7237. A spacious indoor market with multiple local vendors featuring a variety of international, gourmet, and organic foods as well as gift shops. It often functions as a popular venue for festivals and music.
  • Wholly Craft!3169 North High St,  +1 614 447-3445. M,W-F 1PM-8PM Tues Closed Sa noon-7PM Su noon-5PM. Craft shop featuring handmade clothing, jewelry, gifts, recycled artwork, soaps, and anatomically themed knittery. Designers are from all over the country, but many are in Ohio; thus making this a good place to find Ohio souvenirs because of its showcasing of local artists' merchandise.
  • Milk Bar Boutique (Society of Fashionable Savages), 1203 N. High St.. Urban clothing boutique
  • HOMAGE15 Brickel St.,  +1 614 221-5693. M-S 11AM-8PM Su noon-6PM.Homage turns back the clock with shout outs to eclectic moments & personalities in sports, music, politics and popular culture.

Groceries

  • Kroger. Throughout Columbus. Ask for discount card!
  • Giant Eagle. Throughout Columbus. Ask for discount card.
  • Whole Foods Market3670 W. Dublin-Granville Rd,  +1 614 760-5556.
  • Meijer. Throughout Columbus. Pronounced "MY-er".
  • Clintonville Community Market200 Crestview Rd,  +1 614 261-3663.
  • The Hills Market7860 Olentangy River Rd+1 614 846-3220.
  • Weilands Gourmet Market3600 Indianola Ave,  +1 614 267-9878.

Restaurants

The City of Columbus issues approximately 6,000 licenses for a variety of types of food vendors, Franklin County issues about 3,000 for the remainder of the County and the suburban area.

Food Safety – In Columbus, starting late May of 2007, all 6,000 local restaurants must postcolor coded signs that reflect the results of the most previous inspection by the Columbus Public Health Dept. Green = passing most recent inspection. Red, yellow or white suggests you probably may want to reconsider your options. The law applies to public pools, tattoo parlors, spas, campgrounds as well as food markets. The sign must be obvious, within five foot of an entrance.

A major test market for most major chain restaurants (though this is not as true as it once was), Columbus has a large density of national chain restaurants, some even having multiple venues in a single neighborhood. That being said, Columbus has a growing ethnic and upper class dining scene thanks in part to continued immigration (from Africa {especially Somalia and Ghana}, Southeast Asia, & more recently Latin America) and the continued gentrification of the downtown area.

  • The North Market59 Spruce St+1 614 221-7237. Liège-style waffles at Taste of Belgium. Homemade sauces at Pastaria. BBQ or Vietnamese, sushi or rice balls, the biggest problem is choosing what to eat, and it's all relatively cheap.

Budget

  • Rubino's Pizza. Local pizza joint that boasts the thinnest crust in existence. Famous for great sauce, 60¢ sodas, and vintage arcade games.
  • Graffiti Burger. Local burger chain, with simple menu concept similar to Five Guys and In-N-Out. Named for its heaping, almost sloppy, burger toppings. Vegetarian option is a delicious house-made veggie patty.
  • Raising Canes. Five locations in the Columbus area. Fast food chain that serves excellent chicken fingers in a tasty dipping sauce. Try the box combos that include fries, cole slaw, and Texas toast.
  • Penn Station. This chain serves toasted subs using freshly-grilled meats, fries freshly cut from potatoes, and fresh-squeezed lemonade.
  • City Barbecue. Chain that is primarily in Columbus, with locations in a few of the suburbs. Incredibly good pulled pork, with tastes for anyone interested in BBQ cooking.
  • Piada. Fast-growing new chain spread throughout Columbus. Italian quick service, specializing in piadas (Italian flatbread wraps) and pasta. Also has a selection of Italian sodas and teas.
  • Yau's China Bistro. This is an unpretentious, but incredibly good Chinese restaurant located on North High Street, part of the campus area. Very authentic and reasonably priced.
  • Udupi Cafe (on 161 between I-71 and Cleveland Ave). Excellent, inexpensive, entirelyvegetarian South Indian restaurant.
  • Mi Mi Cafe5858 Columbus Square (in the shopping area at Cleveland Ave and 161).Very nice Vietnamese sandwiches and noodle dishes. Iced coffee and billiards too.
  • Bangkok Grocery & Restaurant3283 Refugee Rd. On the East Side. Thai restaurant and connected grocery store serving the usual Thai, Laotian, and Chinese fare. Very large portions.
  • Wendy's. Headquartered in nearby Dublin, Ohio. The original Wendy's restaurant is located downtown at 257 East Broad St but has closed, and the building has been re-purposed.
  • El Arepazo (Corner of Gay and Pearl). Venezuelan faire. Delicious and cheap.
  • Lunch Wagons. Called loncheras, or lovingly referred to as "roach coaches" which cater to a Latino labor force, are becoming a common sight around town and are very popular with those in the know. Simliar to the lunch wagons so popular in Hawaii, but with a Latino twist. They are subject to inspection by the health dept. and should not be feared but enjoyed.
  • Tensuke Market Cafe1167 Old Henderson Rd,  +1 614 451-6002. A well kept secret for Japanese food, and budget alternative to its posh neighbor, Akai Hana. Features several kinds of Japanese noodles, tempura, gyoza, teriyaki, and potato croquettes.
  • White Castle. Scattered throughout Columbus, you will find the popular White Castle burger franchise. Fries, burgers, shakes, breakfast. Most are open 24/7 and offer some of the most inexpensive eats in town.
  • Whole World Natural Restaurant3269 North High St,  +1 614 268-5751. Entirely vegetarian with many vegan options. New soups and specials every day, as well as vegan pastries, cookies, and cakes sold at the counter.

Mid-range

  • Max & Erma's. The quintessential 'burgers and stuff' sort of place got its' start here, and you can find one almost anywhere in town, including the original restaurant in German Village. Adventurers are recommended to try their Garbage Burger, while those with a sweet tooth should get a pan of cookies made fresh for them, or try the sundae bar!
  • Schmidt's Sausage Haus240 E Kossuth St. This family run restaurant serves up some of the best German food in Columbus. It is famous for their Bahama Mama's and their large cream puffs. Schmidt's has been featured on the food network and on the travel channel's "Man V. Food". Try a little bit of everything to experience the authentic German cuisine.
  • Jeni's Splendid Ice Cream. This ice cream shops features exotic flavors that will you keep you coming back. Jeni's has won many awards and has been featured on numerous shows on the food network and the travel channel. All of the ingredients are organic and most of them come from local farms in Ohio.
  • Columbus Brewing Company (just west of the Brewery District). Fine food at a good price.
  • Akai Hana. Columbus' most authentic source of excellent Japanese food and sushi. Located at Old Henderson & Kenny, in the Japanese part of town next to the Japanese gift shop, Japanese bakery, and Japanese market. It's a bit hard to find, tucked in a strip mall behind 'The Ski Shack'. Also provides carry-out. This restaurant is formerly known as Restaurant Japan.
  • Skillet, Rustic. Urban. Food.410 E Whittier+1 614 443-2266. Seasonal menu from local farms. Small, walk-up to counter joint. Excellent brunch with a unique take on traditional comfort foods.
  • Eddie George's Grille 271636 North High St,  +1 614 421-2727. Great American food and atmosphere for watching sports. Located in the South Campus Gateway. This sports-themed restaurant is owned and named after the Heisman Trophy winner from Ohio State.

Splurge

  • Alana's2333 North High St (just north of The Ohio State University),  +1 614-294-6783. The best place to indulge in a nice bottle of wine with dinner, as the mark-up on her amazing selection is practically non-existent. With a new menu hand-picked by Alana herself every night and an on-site sommelier (her husband), Alana's is a great place to enjoy fine food in a non-pretentious atmosphere.
  • Cameron Mitchel Restaurants. For better or for worse, a majority of the fine dining in Columbus is owned by the same parent company. For a predictably pleasant (if unadventurous) night out you can choose from Molly Woos, The Columbus Fish Market, M (high-end), Cameron's (steak), or Cap City Diner.
  • Spagio1295 Grandview Ave. European and Pacific Rim Cuisine. They have excellent wood-fired pizzas.

Dives

For the mid-west, Columbus has its share of ethnic and domestic eateries that shelter culinary artists throughout the city and offer outstanding meals at sometimes bargain prices, in locations that may be carry-out only, limited seating or maybe small bars that offer outstanding food. Places that are well worth the effort to find, which is part of the adventure.

  • Chef Butcher's Creole Kitchen777 E Long St+1 614 228-7588. Creole for the lunch crowd.
  • Ena's Caribbean Kitchen2458 Cleveland Ave+1 614 262-0988. Limited seating, great food, family operation. Daily specials.
  • Paradise Foods3180 E. Main St,  +1 614 236-1599. International dishes for every taste. Restaurant. Caribbean jerk/curry/brown stew chicken with red beans and rice; fried, steamed or blackened whiting, perch, catfish, red snapper, scallops and more (shrimp is also available by the pound). Choose from full or half slabs of long, center and short bone beef or pork barbecue ribs. Outside seating only.

Sights & Landmarks

  • MAPFRE Stadium. Adjacent to Ohio Historical Society off of I-71. Home of Columbus Crew Soccer and as of 2008 a $2 million dollar new stage has been installed to host big-name concerts.

Museums & Galleries

The Columbus Museum of Art opened in 1931, and has a collection focusing on European and American art up to early modernism that includes extraordinary examples of Impressionism, German Expressionism and Cubism. The Wexner Center for the Arts, a contemporary art gallery and research facility, is located on the Campus of The Ohio State University. Also on campus is the Ohio State University Athletics Hall of Fame, located in the Jerome Schottenstein Center (home of the basketball and men's ice hockey teams), as well as the Jack Nicklaus museum next door. Located on 88 acres (36 ha), just east of Downtown in Franklin Park, the Franklin Park Conservatory is a botanical garden that opened in 1895.

COSI Columbus, (Center of Science and Industry), is a large science museum. The present building, the former Central High School, was completed in November 1999, opposite downtown on the west bank of the River. In 2009, Parents magazine named COSI one of the ten best Science Centers for families in the country.

The Ohio History Connection is headquartered in Columbus, with its flagship museum, the 250,000-square-foot (23,000 m2) Ohio History Center, located 4 mi (6.4 km) north of downtown. Along with the museum is Ohio Village, a replica of a village around the time of the American Civil War.

The Kelton House Museum and Garden is a museum devoted to Victorian life. Built in 1852, it was home to three generations of the Kelton Family and was a documented station on the Underground Railroad. In 1989, Columbus hosted the "Son of Heaven: Imperial Arts of China," a cultural exchange display from China featuring the artifacts of the ancientChinese emperors.

Things to do


Sports Teams

  • Columbus Blue Jackets - NHL Hockey. Ice Hockey
  • Columbus Clippers - MLB AAA Baseball. Play AAA minor league Baseball
  • Ohio State Buckeyes. The athletic teams representing Ohio State University are one of the city's (and state's) greatest sporting institutions. Members of the Big Ten Conference along with 11 other schools in the greater Midwest region, Penn State in central Pennsylvania, and Maryland and Rutgers on the east coast, the Buckeyes frequently contend for national honors in a wide variety of sports. The most famous Buckeye team is the American football team, playing before regular sellout crowds of over 100,000 at Ohio Stadium. In other sports, a few of the many legendary figures to wear the scarlet and gray of Ohio State include Jesse Owens, Jack Nicklaus, and Bob Knight.
  • Columbus Crew - Major League SoccerOne Black & Gold Blvd

Factory tours

  • The American Whistle Factory6540 Huntley Rd,  +1 614 846-2918. The only manufacturer of metal whistles in the United States
  • Anthony-Thomas Candy Co.1777 Arlington Gate, toll-free: +1-877-226-3921.Every Tuesday and Thursday from 9:30AM. to 2:30PM.
  • Graeter's Ice Cream Factory2555 Bethel Rd,  +1 614 442-7622.
  • The Krema Nut Company1000 W. Goodale Blvd,  +1 614 299-4131. One of the oldest peanut butter makers still manufacturing in the United States today! And PB & Jelley Sandwich shop.

Mature audiences

  • Scioto Downs. Two miles south of Route 270 on Route 23 South (High Street). Harness racing and betting.

Festivals and events

These are a few of the larger/major events in Columbus:

  • All American Quarter Horse Congress (Ohio Expo Center/Fairgrounds). Oct.
  • The Arnold Fitness Classic. Held once a year in early March at the Columbus Convention Center. Tons of competitions ranging from martial arts to cheerleading to bench press, plenty of "fitness babes" and free supplement samples, and speeches from former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger himself.
  • Asian Festival (Franklin Park). Annual Event. May. Food, games, market place, health screening. Great location! Free.
  • Columbus Arts Festival (Downtown Riverfront), e-mail: .June (annual event) Arts, crafts, food, music, entertainment. Big event.
  • Columbus Jazz and Rib Fest (River Front downtown). July. Expect 500-700,000 people at this fun food and music event held each year.
  • ComFest (The Columbus Community Festival) (Goodale Park). June. Music, arts, culture, shopping, fair food, beer & bare feet. Who's who of Columbus musicians and those from elsewhere!
  • Festival Latino. Held on the downtown River Front in the middle of June each year. Billed as "The largest Hispanic/Latino event in Ohio". Lot's of food, fun, entertainment and feista. Free admission.
  • German Village Oktoberfest (South Grant & East Livingston Ave). September.
  • Good Guys Columbus (Ohio State Fairgrounds). Over 6,000 rods, customs, classics, muscle cars, street machines and trucks thru '72. July.
  • Ohio Expo Center717 E. 17th Ave. Home to The Ohio State Fair. Each month, a variety of shows, expositions and competitions are held at the Ohio Expo Center, over 175 events per year. These range from shopping for antiques to boxing, there is something for everyone at the Ohio Expo Center.
  • Origins International Game Expo. Origins is run by The Game Manufacturers Association (GAMA) as one of their two shows for the adventure gaming industry. (The second show, the GAMA Trade Show, is for game manufacturers and retailers only.) Origins is specifically chartered to serve adventure gaming in general, including wargames and miniatures gaming, which tend to be less well represented at Gen Con and Dragon*Con. Board games, trading card games, and role-playing games are also popular at Origins. It is usually compared in size with E3 and GenCon, and is famous for it's Origin Awards. The Origins Award is commonly referred to as a Calliope, as the statuette is in the likeness of the Muse of the same name. Academy members frequently shorten this name to "Callie."
  • Red, White & BOOM (Downtown, river front). Take a bus, traffic is as bad as it gets in Columbus for this event. Billed as The biggest and best Independence Day fireworks celebration in the Midwest. July.

Nightlife

  • The Winking Lizard. In Worthington and on Bethel sport a good beer selection.
  • Cafe Apropos443 West 3rd Ave. In Victorian Village. A hybrid between quiet coffee shop and bar with a small selection of local beers on tap, wines and wine shop, ice cream, and fresh coffees.
  • Victorian's Midnight Cafe (corner of 5th & Neil). Non-smoking, a great selection of beers, very casual. Live music most nights.
  • The Arena District. Home of The Columbus Nationwide Arena. Bars include Frog Bear Wild Boar, Brother's, Gaswerks, and the Lodge Bar, each containing a different personality and young 20-somethings atmosphere. Cabs are easy to flag down, parking is cheap, and each bar has incredible happy hour specials. Don't miss Brothers Thursday mug night, an Ohio State student favorite.
  • The Char Bar. Across the street from the Greater Columbus Convention Center is a nicely low-key place to get good drinks, many different types of beer, and relax.
  • Old Bag of Nails Pub18 North Nelson Rd (Between Bexley district and Franklin Park on the right off E. Broad Street going into Downtown),  +1 614-252-4949.Perfect place for happy hour! Landmark in Bexley community of Columbus. Styled after an English Pub this is a great place to hang out and test MANY different beer selections. The beer-battered pickles and fish-n-chips are excellent. Great for Happy Hour (2/7PM) to sit on their back patio overlooking the bridge and water with a fun jazz band playing every Thursday 7-9PM. $.
  • The Short North. Area, on N High Street above Goodale street combines art galleries with bars. First weekend of the month is "Gallery Hop" and places are open later.
  • Barley's. A microbrewery in the Short North that is known for its high-quality beers.
  • Wyandotte Winery4640 Wyandotte Dr. A family run winery located in a cozy neighborhood setting in northeast Columbus. Wyandotte has produced fine grape and fruit wines on premises for over 30 years. Visit the wine shop and tasting room, enjoy a taste of the current wine offerings, and browse the wine related items in the gift shop.
  • Brothers Drake Meadery26 E 5th Ave (near corner of 5th & High St.), +1 614-388-8765. We make wines from honey and source the most local ingredients possible to create a distinctly local Columbus mead. Stop by to sample signature recipes, enjoy local art and live music. $15 +.
  • SideBar 122122 E Main St (E Main between 3rd and 4th),  +1 614-228-9041.4PM-noon. Sidebar offers classic cocktails and a Mediterranean inspired small plates menu with the flavors of South America. Behind the bar you will find bartenders shaking drinks with house-made syrups and juices. There's a dining room with exposed brick and candlelit tables. Opens Monday through Saturday at 4:00 and begins offering dinner service at 5PM. Check out the Piano Bar on the lower level Saturday nights for live Jazz performances.

Music

  • Lifestyle Communities Pavilion405 Neil Ave (formerly the Promowest Pav.). In the Arena District. A mid-sized venue seating 2,200 patrons indoors and 4,500 outdoors.
  • The Basement391 Neil Ave. Known for showcasing local bands.
  • Bernie's/The Distillery1896 North High St. In the University Area. Currently this location has been purchased for community development projects, and does yet have plans to relocate.
  • Newport Music Hall1722 North High St,  +1 614-294-1659. America's longest continually running rock club, but also showcasing alternative and electronic music.

Things to know


Learn

  • The Ohio State University is a large college, bordered on the south by West 9th Avenue, on the north by Lane Avenue, and on the east by North High Street. The university owns most of the property within these bounds, up to Olentangy River Road on the west, and some properties west of Olentangy River Road.
  • Columbus College of Art and Design is an art school headquartered at 60 Cleveland Avenue in downtown.
  • Columbus State Community College is a community college located at 550 East Spring Street in downtown.

Work

  • Government - Columbus serves as the capital city of Ohio, and government is one of the city's largest employers.
  • Insurance - Several large insurance companies are headquartered in Columbus, including Nationwide Insurance Company, which is headquartered in downtown Columbus.

Safety in Columbus

Stay Safe


Dial 911 to get emergency (police/medical/fire) help.

Although down somewhat in recent years, crime is still a problem in certain areas of the city. Most violent crime occurs in areas that would not be frequented by tourists. Visitors to the area should be aware that the theft of laptop computers, phones, and other items from automobiles is a common occurrence. Always store valuables in the cargo compartment of one's car and make sure it is locked.

Motorists who drink and drive will face stiff penalties if one's blood alcohol concentration is above the legal limit (0.08). Police routinely set up checkpoints along major roads where all drivers must pass through and show their license and registration to check for intoxicated people.

Vehicles are required by law to yield to pedestrians in crosswalks. However, the law is not universally followed. Take care to watch for turning traffic when crossing streets.

Areas on the east side of the city along the streets of Livingston Avenue, Main Street, and Mount Vernon between Parsons and Alum Creek sometimes see violent crime. These areas should be avoided at night. Additional areas to avoid at night include Cleveland Avenue between I-670 and SR-161 and the area east of High Street near the OSU campus.

On the West side of town, a sliver of neighborhoods around Broad St. and east of I-270 South are relatively safe during the day, but not at night. Generally, areas outside of the I-270 loop (the Outerbelt) are safer and more peaceful than areas inside, although the area around Brice Road and I-70 is not safe. Safe areas inside I-270 include the Arena District, the Short North District, Clintonville, Northwest Columbus, Upper Arlington, Grandview Heights, Worthington, Dublin, much of German Village and Bexley.


Hospitals

Though not as significant as its neighbor to the North (Cleveland), Columbus does have medical tourism business that attracts domestic visitors and visitors from all over the USA. Those who accompany patients can expect assistance from the facilities (if you are insistent and have a little patience) in the form of long term discount lodging and local transportation to and from the facility to see the patient.

  • Center for Eating Disorders & Psychotherapy, 445 E Dublin Granville Rd. +1 614 293-9550.
  • Grant Medical Center, 111 S Grant Ave. +1 614 566-9000.
  • Ohio Hospital Of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 880 Greenlawn Ave. +1 614 449-9664.
  • Wexner Medical Center at The Ohio State University 410 W. 10th Ave. (Towards Olentangy River) +1-800-293-5123. [www] The Ohio State University's Medical Center is one of the largest and most diverse academic medical centers in the country.
    • Dodd Hall 480 Medical Center Dr. (at west side of University) +1 614 293-5123 [www] Ranked among the top 10 for rehabilitation by U.S. News & World Report. The place for recent brain injuries and muscle atrophy treatment.
    • James Cancer Hospital 300 W. 10th Ave. +1-800-293-5066. [www] Rated as one of "America's Best Hospitals" by U.S. News & World Report.
    • Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital 452 W. 10th Ave. +1 614 293-5123. [www] Adjacent Ohio State University Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute.
  • Mount Carmel West, 793 W State St. +1-800-225-9344.
  • Mount Carmel East, 5959 East Broad Street +1 614 234-6000
  • Nationwide Children's Hospital700 Children's Dr (Downtown),   +1 614 722-2000.
  • Riverside Methodist Hospital, 3535 Olentangy River Road, +1 614 566-5000

Law Enforcement

In the Columbus area, you will find a variety of Law Enforcement that includes Ohio State Patrol, Columbus Police, Franklin County Sheriff, local Police depts., in Dublin, Westerville and other local municipalities to name a few. Usually, they are what one would expect from law enforcement as far as being professional, polite and helpful. They are well trained and compensated, very good at crowd control and traffic control. Be polite, respectful and you will have few problems with them. Most have cameras in cars, do not offer any bribes of anything and keep in mind you are likely being video recorded.


Smoking

Ohioans passed "SmokeFree Ohio" ballot measure in 2006 banning smoking in most public areas with very few exceptions. Some hotels, motels, or other lodging facilities may have special smoking rooms that are permitted under the new law. The law forbids restaurants and bars from allowing smoking on premises, unless they have an outdoor patio. Some private clubs, such as AmVets, Eagles, Moose, and similar establishments have been slower to enforce the smoking ban, especially in the outskirts of the city.

High / 7.8

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Mid. / 4.8

Safety (Walking alone - night)

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