Florida, United States

One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in the world. Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the Orlando area is home to Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, and SeaWorld Orlando. Over 59 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2013, spending over $33 billion.

Info Orlando


Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,387,138, according to U.S. Census Bureau figures released in March 2016, making it the 24th largest metropolitan area in the United States, the sixth largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the third largest metropolitan area in Florida. As of July 1, 2014, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 262,372, making it the 73rd largest city in the United States, the fourth largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city.

The City of Orlando is nicknamed "The City Beautiful" and its symbol is the fountain at Lake Eola. Orlando is also known as "The Theme Park Capital of the World" and in 2014 its tourist attractions and events drew more than 62 million visitors. The Orlando International Airport (MCO) is the thirteenth busiest airport in the United States and the 29th busiest in the world. Buddy Dyer is Orlando's mayor.

As one of the world's premier tourist destinations, Orlando's famous attractions form the backbone of its tourism industry: Walt Disney World, located approximately 21 miles (34 km) southwest of Downtown Orlando in Bay Lake, opened by the Walt Disney Company in 1971; the Universal Orlando Resort, opened in 1999 as a major expansion of Universal Studios Florida;SeaWorld; Gatorland; and Wet 'n Wild. With the exception of Walt Disney World, most major attractions are located along International Drive. The city is also one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions, theOrange County Convention Center is the second-largest convention facility in the United States.

Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew rapidly during the 1980s and into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the second-largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2012. In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma−" level of world-city in the World Cities Study Group's inventory. Orlando ranks as the fourth most popular American city based on where people want to live according to a 2009 Pew Research Center study.

POPULATION :• Total 238,300
• Estimate (2014) 262,372
• Urban 1,510,516 (32nd, U.S.)
• Metro 2,267,846 (26th, U.S.)
• CSA 2,975,658 (17th, U.S.)
FOUNDED : Incorporated (town) July 31, 1875
Incorporated (city) 1885
TIME ZONE :• Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
• Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
LANGUAGE : English
AREA :• Total 110.7 sq mi (287 km2)
• Land 102.4 sq mi (265 km2)
• Water 8.3 sq mi (21 km2)
• Urban 652.64 sq mi (1,690.3 km2)
ELEVATION : 82 ft (25 m)
COORDINATES : 28°24′57″N 81°17′56″W
AREA CODE : 321, 407
POSTAL CODE : 32801–32899
WEBSITE :  www.cityoforlando.net


One of the main driving forces in Orlando's economy is its tourism industry and the city is one of the leading tourism destinations in the world. Nicknamed the 'Theme Park Capital of the World', the Orlando area is home to Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, and SeaWorld Orlando. Over 59 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2013, spending over $33 billion.

The Orlando area features 7 of the 10 most visited theme parks in North America (5 of the top 10 in the world), as well as the 4 most visited water parks in the U.S. The Walt Disney World resort is the area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic Kingdom, Epcot,Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom,Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Disney Springs. SeaWorld Orlando is a large park that features numerous zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park with roller coasters and water park. Universal Orlando, like Walt Disney World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal Studios Florida, Universal City Walk, and Islands of Adventure. The Wet 'n Wild water park is another famous attraction. SeaWorld Orlando also comprises more than one park, alongside Aquatica and Discovery Cove. Orlando attractions also appeal to many locals who want to enjoy themselves close to home.

The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. The Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million square feet (200,000 m²) of exhibition space, is now the second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United States, trailing only McCormick Place in Chicago. The city vies with Chicago and Las Vegas for hosting the most convention attendees in the United States.

Numerous golf courses can be found in the city, with the most famous being Bay Hill Club and Lodge, home to the Arnold Palmer Invitational.


Pre-European history

Before European settlers arrived in 1536, Orlando was sparsely populated by the Seminole tribe. There are very few archaeological sites in the area today, except for the ruins of Fort Gatlin along the shores of modern-day Lake Gatlin south of downtown Orlando.


After Mosquito County was divided in 1845, Orlando became the county seat of the new Orange County in 1856. It remained a rural backwater during the Civil War, and suffered greatly during the Union blockade. The Reconstruction Era brought on a population explosion, which led to Orlando's incorporation as a town on July 31, 1875, and as a city in 1885.

The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. But the Great Freeze of 1894–95 forced many owners to give up their independent groves, thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County.

Notable homesteaders in the area included the Curry family. Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which travelers crossed by fording. This would be commemorated by the street's name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the airport in the Boggy Creek area was 150 acres (0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 19th century by the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from flights out of Orlando International Airport southbound immediately on the south side of SR 417.

Post-Industrial Revolution

Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort during the years between the Spanish–American War and World War I. In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during the Florida Land Boom. Land prices soared. During this period several neighborhoods in downtown were constructed, endowing it with many bungalows. The boom ended when several hurricanes hit Florida in the late 1920s, along with the Great Depression.

During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field. Some of these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In 1956 the aerospace and defense company Martin Marietta(now Lockheed Martin) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle AAF were transferred to the United States Air Force in 1947 when it became a separate service and were re-designated as air force bases (AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed McCoy Air Force Base after Colonel Michael N. W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), operating B-52 Stratofortress and KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft, in addition to detachment operations by EC-121 and U-2 aircraft.

In 1968, Orlando AFB was transferred to the United States Navy and became Naval Training Center Orlando. In addition to boot camp facilities, NTC Orlando was home of one of two Navy Nuclear Power Schools, and home of the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division. When McCoy AFB closed in 1975, its runways and territory to its south and east were imparted to the city to become Orlando International Airport, while a small portion to the northwest was transferred to the Navy as McCoy NTC Annex. That closed in 1996, and became housing, though the former McCoy AFB still hosts a Navy Exchange, as well as National Guard and Reserve units for several branches of service. NTC Orlando was closed in 1993 by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission, and converted into the Baldwin Park neighborhood. The Air Warfare Center had moved to Central Florida Regional Park near UCF in 1988.

Tourism in history

Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in 1965 when Walt Disney announced plans to build Walt Disney World. Although Disney had considered the regions of Miami and Tampa for his park, one of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due to hurricanes – Orlando's inland location, although not free from hurricane damage, exposed it to less threat than coastal regions. The vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area, which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake counties. As a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area's economy. Orlando now has more theme parks and entertainment attractions than anywhere else in the world.

Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base. By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines,National Airlines, Eastern Airlines and Southern Airways) were providing scheduled flights. McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO).

21st century

Today, the historic core of "Old Orlando" resides in Downtown Orlando along Church Street, between Orange Avenue and Garland Avenue. Urban development and the Central Business District of downtown have rapidly shaped the downtown skyline during recent history. The present-day historic district is primarily associated with the neighborhoods around Lake Eola where century old oaks line brick streets. These neighborhoods, known as "Lake Eola Heights" and "Thornton Park," contain some of the oldest homes in Orlando.

2016 mass shooting

On June 12, 2016, more than 100 people were shot at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando. At least 50 (including the gunman) were killed and 53 wounded. The gunman, whom the police SWAT team shot to death, was identified as 29-year-old Omar Mir Seddique Mateen, an American security guard of Afghan descent. The incident was widely denounced as both as an act of terrorism and a hate crime, and was the deadliest mass shooting in modern United States history.


Most tourists visit Orlando between June and August, while another peak time for tourism is March and April. Ironically, the less busy times for tourism correspond to the best weather in the Orlando area; the summer months can be exceptionally busy with families who are making a trip while kids are on summer vacation. Visiting when the weather isn't so hot means fewer people in the area and that provides some advantages, but you will be able to enjoy cooler weather.

Climate data for Orlando

Record high °F (°C)88
Average high °F (°C)71.2
Daily mean °F (°C)60.2
Average low °F (°C)49.2
Record low °F (°C)19
Average rainfall inches (mm)2.35
Average rainy days(≥ 0.01 in)
Source: NOAA

Many say central Florida has two seasons: hot and hotter. Orlando has warm, balmy springs and autumns; hot summers complete with daily thunderstorms; and temperate winters affected by the occasional cold front. That being said:

  • Spring in Orlando has highs in the 80s (27°C) in March & April transitioning to around 90°F (32°C) in May and low-mid 90s in June. Spring is the driest time of year here, and in the past decade some spring months have seen less than a half-inch of rain! This is the time of year in which many small wildfires appear around the region, but this should not bother anyone who stays within the urban area. March and April are great times to visit with dry days, clear skies, and warm temperatures (and no cold fronts). However, late May and early June are arguably the worst time to visit filled with hot, humid, dry days.
  • Summer begins with the start of daily thunderstorms around mid-June. Highs from mid-June to mid-September are in the mid 90s, with 90°F (32°C) often being reached by 10-11AM, and lows in the 70s (23°C). Due to Orlando's proximity to two coasts, thunderstorms form everyday during this period from ocean breezes which heat over land, rise, and cool in the atmosphere to create sometimes violent thunderstorms (see the "Stay Safe" section). However, they will often drop temperatures into the low 80s (28°C) after passing...a welcome relief from the hot temperatures earlier in the day.
  • Autumn varies much more from year to year than spring. The daily thunderstorms taper off in September leaving highs in the mid-high 80s (29°C) until mid-October. The first cold front of the season will usually pass between mid and late October, plunging highs into the 70s (24°C) and lows into the 50s (12°C) and high 40s (10°C). The cooling trend continues into November and December, with highs falling into the 70s (24°C) by late December and lows into the 50s (12°C), affected only by the occasional cold front which can plunge highs into the 60s (18°C)(Nov) and 50s (12°C)(Dec) and lows into the 40s (7°C)(Nov) and as low as freezing (32°F/0°C) by mid December.
  • Winter is much the same as November and December. Highs are in the 70s (24°C), lows in the 50s (12°C), affected every week or two by cold fronts. Following a cold front, highs can drop into the 50s (12°C), lows into the 30s (2°C). Sub-freezing mornings typically occur two or three times a year.


The geography of Orlando is mostly wetlands, consisting of many lakes and swamps. The terrain is generally flat, making the land fairly low and wet. The area is dotted with hundreds of lakes, the largest of which is Lake Apopka. Central Florida's bedrock is mostly limestone and very porous; the Orlando area is susceptible to sinkholes. Probably the most famous incident involving a sinkhole happened in 1981 in Winter Park, a city immediately north of downtown Orlando, dubbed "The Winter Park Sinkhole".



Orlando is a major industrial and hi-tech center. The metro area has a $13.4 billion technology industry employing 53,000 people; and is a nationally recognized cluster of innovation in digital media, agricultural technology, aviation, aerospace, and software design. More than 150 international companies, representing approximately 20 countries, have facilities in Metro Orlando.

Orlando has the 7th largest research park in the country, Central Florida Research Park, with over 1,025 acres (4.15 km2). It is home to over 120 companies, employs more than 8,500 people, and is the hub of the nation's military simulation and training programs. Near the end of each year, the Orange County Convention Center hosts the world's largest modeling and simulation conference: Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference(I/ITSEC). Metro Orlando is home to the simulation procurement commands for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard.

Lockheed Martin has a large manufacturing facility for missile systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Other notable engineering firms have offices or labs in Metro Orlando: KDF, General Dynamics, Harris, Mitsubishi Power Systems, Siemens, Veritas/Symantec, multiple USAF facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), Delta Connection Academy, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), U.S. Army Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation (PEO STRI), United States Army Research, Development and Engineering Command United States Army Simulation and Training Technology Center (STTC), AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight & Simulation Training, Hewlett-Packard, Institute for Simulation and Training, National Center for Simulation, Northrop Grumman, and RaytheonSystems. The Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Now the land has been converted into the Baldwin Park development. Numerous office complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4 corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and Heathrow.

Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, and Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to work from the city's suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral, a cruise ship terminal.

Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of Olive Garden and LongHorn Steakhouse, and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. In September 2009 it moved to a new headquarters and central distribution facility.

Film, television, and entertainment

Another important sector is the film, television, and electronic gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Full Sail University, UCF College of Arts and Humanities, the Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, and other entertainment companies and schools. The U.S. modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered on the Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the Central Florida Research Park adjacent to University of Central Florida (UCF). Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of the video game company Electronic Arts. Tiburon Entertainment was acquired by EA in 1998 after years of partnership, particularly in the Madden NFL series and NCAA Football series of video games. Nearby Full Sail University, located in Winter Park, draws new-media students in the areas of video game design, film, show production, and computer animation, among others, its graduates spawning several start-ups in these fields in the Orlando area. The headquarters of Ripley Entertainment Inc. are also located in Orlando.


There are 115 neighborhoods within the city limits of Orlando and many unincorporated communities. Orlando's city limits resemble a checkerboard, with pockets of unincorporated Orange County surrounded by city limits. Such an arrangement can be cumbersome as some areas are served by both Orange County and the City of Orlando. This also explains Orlando's relatively low city population when compared to its metropolitan population. The city and county are currently working together in an effort to "round-out" the city limits with Orlando annexing portions of land already bordering the current city limits.

Internet, Comunication
  • Ten digit dialing is in effect in the Orlando area. All calls from or within the area, even local calls, require dialing the area code. There are some public pay phones scattered around the city, but they are becoming increasingly rare with the predominance of cell phones. It is not safe to assume you will be able to find a pay phone at any given time.
  • Telephone Area Codes in and around the city of Orlando begin with 407 or 321.
  • It is common for many of the larger hotels and lodgings in the area to offer free internet access for their guests.

Prices in Orlando



Milk1 liter$0.95
Tomatoes1 kg$4.00
Cheese0.5 kg$6.00
Apples1 kg$3.80
Oranges1 kg$3.60
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$2.10
Bottle of Wine1 bottle$11.00
Coca-Cola2 liters$1.60
Bread1 piece$1.50
Water1.5 l$1.85



Dinner (Low-range)for 2$30.00
Dinner (Mid-range)for 2$50.00
Dinner (High-range)for 2$
Mac Meal or similar1 meal$7.00
Water0.33 l$1.60
Cappuccino1 cup$3.80
Beer (Imported)0.33 l$5.00
Beer (domestic)0.5 l$3.20
Coca-Cola0.33 l$1.70
Coctail drink1 drink$9.00



Cinema2 tickets$22.00
Gym1 month$35.00
Men’s Haircut1 haircut$16.00
Theatar2 tickets$180.00
Mobile (prepaid)1 min.$0.10
Pack of Marlboro1 pack$6.30



Antibiotics1 pack$24.00
Tampons32 pieces$5.20
Deodorant50 ml.$3.40
Shampoo400 ml.$3.60
Toilet paper4 rolls$3.00
Toothpaste1 tube$2.10



Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)1$42.00
Dress summer (Zara, H&M)1$36.00
Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)1$76.00
Leather shoes1$93.00



Gasoline1 liter$0.53
Taxi1 km$1.50
Local Transport1 ticket$2.00

Tourist (Backpacker)  

70 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • meals in cheap restaurant
  • public transport
  • cheap hotel

Tourist (business/regular)  

247 $ per day

Estimated cost per 1 day including:

  • mid-range meals and drinks
  • transportation
  • hotel

Transportation - Get In

Transportation - Get In

By plane

Orlando International Airport

Orlando International Airport (IATA: MCO) is the city's primary airport, and the second busiest airport in the state in terms of passenger traffic. The airport is located to the southeast of downtown but is conveniently located with respect to the region and area attractions.

Orlando International Airport is a domestic destination for Frontier Airlines, JetBlue Airways & Southwest Airlines. There are a great many international destinations throughout North America, South America and Europe.

Orlando International is structured into two components, landside and airside. There is a central landside terminal (one building divided into sides "A" and "B"), containing airline counters, baggage claim, rental agencies, numerous shops, and a hotel. This central terminal is connected via trams to four other terminals, known as Airside 1-4, with the airplane gates. There are plenty of shops and restaurants in both the central terminal and the airsides.

Security screening is performed in the central landside terminal before taking the tram to the airsides and, as in all U.S. airports, only ticketed passengers are allowed past security. Security lines can become extremely long (1 hr), especially during the summer tourist season and near holidays. Combined with long check-in lines, it is advisable to arrive 2-3 hours before your scheduled departure.

Orlando is the "rental car capital of the world" and, as can be expected, there are many car rental agencies offering a large number and wide range of vehicles for rental. Additionally, there are numerous car rental agencies located off-site which provide free airport transfers from their location and may offer lower prices (See OIA website). Rental agencies at the airport are: Advantage Rent A Car (+1 407-857-1999), Alamo (+1 800-327-9633), Avis (+1 800-831-2847), Budget (+1 800-527-0700), Dollar Car Rental (Domestic: +1 800-800-4000, International: +1 800-800-6000), Enterprise Rent-A-Car (+1 800-325-8007), E-Z Rent A Car (+1 800-277-5171), Hertz Car Rental (+1 800-654-3131), L and M Car Rental (+1 407-888-0515), National (+1 800-227-7368), Thrifty (+1 800-367-2277).Beware: Several gas stations near the airport prey on visitors topping off the tanks of rental cars by charging extraordinarily high prices ($2-3/gallon above local prices)! The practice has made national news and all stations are now required to display their prices on road-side displays. Nonetheless, there are still many unsuspecting visitors who are shocked to pull up to a gas pump with regular unleaded gas for $6.50/gallon, when stations 2-3 miles away are charging just $3.50!!

Public transportation in the Orlando area is provided by Lynx ([www], +1 407-841-5969) bus system. Lynx buses can be found on the Ground Transportation Level (Level 1) of the Main Terminal's "A" side at Commercial Lane spaces A38-A41. Fares are $2/ride with free transfers within 90 minutes. Day passes are $4.50 and a 7-day pass costs $16. Discounted fares for Youth/Elderly requires riders to present a Lynx-issued ID, available only by applying at the Central Station Terminal with a 5-7 day turnaround and therefore not viable for short-term visitors. Routes (known as links) from the airport are:

  • Link 11—Downtown Orlando (Map/Schedule; departures every 40 minutes between 6AM-midnight M-F, 6AM-10PM Sa, & 6:30AM-9:30PM Su/holidays)
  • Link 41—Apopka (Map/Schedule; departures between 5:15AM-22:45PM M-Sa & 5:30AM-21:30PM Su/holidays)
  • Link 42—International Drive (Map/Schedule; departures every 60 minutes between 5:30AM-11:30PM M-Sa, 6:30AM-11PM Su/holidays)
  • Link 51—Downtown Orlando (Map/Schedule; departures every 40 minutes between 5:30AM-10:30PM M-Sa, 5:15AM-9PM Su/holidays)
  • Link 111—Walt Disney World (Map/Schedule; departures every 75 minutes between 5AM-midnight daily/holidays)

Almost every medium to high priced hotel in the city offers airport transfers. Additionally, there are several shuttle services options that run from the airport to various points, including Kissimmee, theme parks, University of Central Florida, and the cruise port at Port Canaveral. Approximate rates for shuttle vans range from $18-26 depending on your destination (see OIA website for details on local transport). You may wish to contact your hotel to inquire about discounts on certain shuttles or possibly free airport transfers.

  • Disney's Magical Express,  +1 407 939-6244. Complimentary shuttle and luggage delivery service for guests staying at a Walt Disney World Resort hotel. Advance reservations are required.
  • Mears Transportation,  +1 407 423-5566. Provides shuttle service from Orlando International to many hotels in and around the region, including those in the Disney area that are not served by Magical Express.
  • Orlando Airport Transportation,  +1 407-531-8565. Ground transportation and limo service from Orlando International Airport (MCO) to golf courses, hotels, hospitals, restaurants, attractions and many others

Out-of-town shuttles provide service to destinations within about 1-2 hours' drive. These shuttles are prohibited from serving Orange, Seminole, and northern Osceola counties. A full, up-to-date list of these may be found on the OIA website.

Taxi Cabs/Vans may carry up to 9 passengers/luggage and may be found on the Ground Transportation Level (Level) of both the "A" and "B" sides of the Main Terminal. Rates are determined by a taximeter, regardless of the number of passengers, and flat fares are prohibited. Taxi Cab companies at the airport include: Ace Metro/Luxury Cab (+1 407-855-1111); Diamond Cab Company (+1 407-523-3333); Quick Cab (+1 407-447-1444); Star Taxi (+1 407-857-9999); Town & Country Transport (+1 407-828-3035); & Yellow/City Cab (+1 407-422-2222).

Located inside the landside terminal is the Hyatt Regency+1 407-825-1234fax: +1 407 856-1672, e-mail: .

Orlando-Sanford International Airport

A secondary airport which serves the Orlando area is the Orlando-Sanford International Airport (IATA: SFB, [www]) located in Sanford, a city just to the northeast of Orlando, the side of Orlando opposite most attractions. The airport is a hub for the small carrier Allegiant Air, which flies to smaller cities and secondary airports across the Eastern U.S & Canada.

The airport is owned by a European company and, as a result, has strong ties to European charter and holiday airlines. Service between Orlando Sanford International and Europe includes: Monarch Airlines (London-Gatwick & Manchester; seasonally to Belfast-International, Cardiff, Glasgow-International, & Newcastle upon Tyne); Easyjet (Manchester; seasonally to Belfast-International, Glasgow-International, & London-Gatwick); Thomson Airways (Birmingham, London-Gatwick, Manchester; seasonally to Bristol, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, & Newcastle upon Tyne); Arkefly (Amsterdam); and Icelandair (Reykjavik, seasonal). Monarch,Easy Jet & Thomson flights can only be booked round-trip, originating in Europe; passengers cannot book outbound flights from Orlando-Sanford on these airlines.

Rental car agencies located on-site are:

Advantage,  +1 407 585-4445, toll-free: +1-800-777-5500.

Alamo,  +1 407 585-3500, toll-free: +1-800-327-9633.

Avis,  +1 407 585-4420, toll-free: +1-800-331-1212.

Budget+1 407 585-4427, toll-free: +1-800-527-0700

Dollar,  +1 407 324-1314, toll-free: +1-800-423-4704

Enterprise,  +1 407 585-4400, toll-free:+1-800-736-8222.

Hertz,  +1 407 585-4410, toll-free: +1-800-654-3131.

National,  +1 407 585-4405, toll-free: +1-800-327-9633.

Thrifty,  +1 407 324-1314, toll-free: +1-800-847-4389.

Taxi service is available from Yellow Cab Company of Orlando,  +1 407 422-2222.  Shuttles are available from American Coach Shuttle,  +1 407 322-1988, toll-free: +1-800-781-8999, e-mail: . and Orlando Carriers, Inc.,  +1 407 418-0513, e-mail:.

Regional airports

Other regional airports within an hour and a half drive include Daytona Beach International Airport (IATA: DAB; [www]; served by Delta to Atlanta and American to Charlotte) & Melbourne International Airport (IATA: MLB; [www]; served by Delta to Atlanta, American to Charlotte, & Baer Air to Marsh Harbour, Bahamas). In addition, Orlando area visitors who plan on visiting the Gulf Coast may consider flying into Tampa International Airport (IATA: TPA; [www]), about 80 mi (130 km) west of Orlando or just over an hour's drive, as it is less crowded and a bit easier to access via road.

If you plan on visiting more than just Orlando and plan on taking international flights, you may want to consider flying via Miami International Airport, a 200 mi (320 km) and a 2-3 hour drive south of Orlando, which offers more international flights and is the largest U.S. gateway for flights to South/Central America & the Caribbean.

General aviation

All persons flying via general aviation to the Orlando area should consider arriving via Orlando Executive Airport, and Kissimmee Airport (if you are flying in for the theme parks). Orlando Executive and Kissimmee serve general aviation (95%) and air taxi (5%) exclusively. Additionally, Orlando Sanford International serves general aviation alongside its commercial use.

Orlando Executive Airport provides 24-hour service through two fixed based operators, SheltAir Aviation Services and Showalter Flying Services. Air taxi and air charter companies such as Orlando Jet Charter fly a variety of private charter aircraft and jets, from charter luxury Gulfstream's down to economical piston twins for small groups and individuals.

Transportation - Get In

By Train

Orlando has an Amtrak station that provides service to other destinations such as Miami, but also connects to other points as far north as New York via the Silver Star and Silver Meteor lines.

Nearby Sanford is the southern terminus of the Amtrak Auto Train which carries passengers and automobiles between Sanford and Lorton, Virginia, effectively serving as a car-rail link from Orlando to the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The train runs daily with no intermediate stops and takes 17 and a half hours one way.

Transportation - Get In

By Bus

  • ATC Buses, 3916 Scotsboro Ct. Offers bus charter transportation to and from the Orlando Airport to Port Canaveral Cruises and hotels in the Orlando-Sanford area.
  • Greyhound, 555 N John Young Pkwy. Visitors arriving by Greyhound can go south on SR-423 to I-4 to get to the major attractions.
  • Runways Transportation Company, Orlando International Airport, Terminal A, Level 1, Spaces A15-A16. Runways offers daily intercity shuttle service to Gainesville, University of Florida, and Jacksonville International Airport.
  • Megabus, 902 N Semoran Blvd (northwest corner of Semoran Blvd and Colonial Dr). Service from Atlanta, Jacksonville, Gainesville, Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, Miami, Tallahassee, Mobile, and New Orleans.


Transportation - Get Around

Transportation - Get Around

By car

Open Road Tolling

Open road tolling is employed along most of Orlando's toll roads. A driver with a SunPass or E-Pass transponder and a prepaid account continues straight along the road at the speed limit, with the toll accounted for electronically; drivers paying cash (almost all tourists) must follow signage that diverts them to toll booths constructed off the right side of the highway. Drivers who don't have transponders and continue going straight past the toll booth are photographed and ticketed. The fine is $100 per offense, plus tolls outstanding.

Some rental car agencies use Sunpass or toll-by-plate to cover tolls, with incurred tolls charged to the customer's credit card. Inquire with the company when renting a car.

Toll roads in the Orlando area are only compatible with Florida's SunPass (or the older E-Pass) transponder for electronic payment. Other electronic tolling systems, including E-Zpass (Northeastern U.S.), TxTAG (Texas), and Fastrak (California), are not compatible with Sunpass.

If you mistakenly drive through a SunPass lane, you can still contact the Florida DoT to pay the toll without being fined; see sunpass.com/violationsMissedToll or contact +1-888-824-8655. You will need the license plate number and, to the best of your knowledge, note the date, time, and location of the missed toll.

The car is omnipresent in Orlando, and it is a very easy and convenient (if not congested) way to get to your destination. Orlando is a sprawling city with most attractions lying far to the south of the CBD and into adjacent cities like Kissimmee. The roads are all wide and easy to drive on with all major attractions well signed, but traffic jams around downtown are common in the afternoons, and around the touristy areas on Friday nights and all day Saturday. Orlando ranks 8th in the nation in terms of traffic congestion, and there are numerous ongoing construction projects on area expressways. Traffic information is available from electronic signs over roadways, most local radio stations, and also by calling 511 (a free, automated service which provides current traffic info).

As with most urban areas in the U.S., there are plenty of drivers who prefer to speed and drive aggressively. The Orlando area receives over 50 million visitors each year, many who drive while in town, while home to just 2 million residents. The combination of these two types of drivers can make Orlando's roads a bit hectic at times. Speed limits in the Orlando area are higher than some parts of the U.S., with a speed limit of around 45-50mph on major roads. The speed limit on Interstate 4 and tollroads is 65mph, with urban sections close to downtown posted at 55mph. Drivers in the left lane tend to drive 5-15mph faster than the speed limit. While it is the law to keep right except to pass, this is not strictly enforced.

The main highway through Orlando, and the only interstate serving it, is Interstate 4 (commonly called "I-4") which runs diagonally from northeast to southwest across the Orlando area. In recent years major construction on it has widened it through areas south of S.R. 528 making it a commuter-friendly highway (except for traffic during rush hours and Friday and Saturday evenings). Downtown Orlando; International Drive; Amway Arena; the Mall at Millenia; Arabian Nights dinner theater; and theme parks such as Walt Disney World, Universal Studios, Sea World, Discovery Cove, the Holy Land Experience, and Wet n' Wild are all conveniently located along/near I-4.

Other major highways include the Beach Line Expressway (S.R. 528), a toll road known until recently as the Bee Line, which runs east from I-4 (exit 72) towards the Space Coast beaches and Kennedy Space Center, Cocoa Beach, and Port Canaveral. S.R. 528 is, like all Orlando area expressways (which doesn't include I-4), a toll road. While tolls are modest for short trips within Orlando, tolls can quickly add on long cross-town trips. Bypassing Orlando on S.R. 417 is $5.50 for 55 mi (89 km). The Central Florida GreeneWay (S.R. 417) starts at I-4 just west of SR-192/Disney World. It takes you north, passing both the Orlando International Airport and the Orlando-Sanford International Airport. It ends at I-4 in Sanford, FL. S.R. 408 starts at SR-50 on the East side of Orlando, by the University of Central Florida and takes you past the west side of Orlando to the city of Ocoee, FL. It ends at the Florida Turnpike. S.R. 429 starts in Apopka, FL at U.S. 441 and takes you past the Florida Turnpike and Disney World. It ends at I-4, just west of SR-192/Disney World. Florida's Turnpike starts in Miami, FL at I-95 and takes you north through Orlando and ends in Wildwood, FL at I-75. See this convenient toll calculator online: [www].

In Orlando, the main tourism area is International Drive, a strip of road that runs parallel to I-4 for about 10 miles (16 km). Many tourist-focused shops, restaurants, and attractions are to be found along this road; therefore, it is excruciatingly hard to drive on and find parking along this road on weekends, especially in the summer and from Thanksgiving to New Year's Day, and excursions to this area are best by bus during such times. Other major roads include: U.S. 192 in Kissimmee (fronted by thousands of small shops and attractions), Orange Blossom Trail (US 17/92/441...a North-South alternative to I-4), John Young Parkway (which can be an alternative to US-441), & S.R. 50 (E-W route towards the CBD).

A few local laws to keep in mind:

  • Lights on when raining. It is the law in Florida to have headlights on when it is raining.
  • Seatbelt use is mandatory.
  • Move over when passing stopped emergency vehicles. Florida has a so-called "Move over" law, which compels drivers to move out of the lane closest to stopped emergency vehicles (police cars, ambulances, fire trucks). If it is not safe to do so, drivers must slow down 20 mph below the speed limit to pass parked vehicles (this is higher than any other U.S. state with such a law, where it's normally 5-15 mph below the speed limit).


There are a few gas stations that prey on unsuspecting travelers returning rental cars to the airport. This includes Suncoast Energys and Sun Gas on Semoran Blvd near the airport entrance. Prices at these stations are often more than $2/gal above typical market price. Look before you pump! Plan ahead to have enough time before your flight to drive an extra mile or so up Semoran to the cheaper stations. There are also stations around Disney World that have similar practices.

Transportation - Get Around

By rental car

Orlando is the largest rental car market in the world and is known as the capital of car rental companies, with all major car rental companies accessible. Operating directly within the airport are Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, E-Z Rent-a-car, L & M Car Rental, National, and Thrifty; courtesy shuttles are available for transport to other rental companies.

If you arrive by air via Orlando International Airport and pick up a rental car there, you can go through the north exit and head to SR-528 West to get to International Drive, Universal Orlando and SeaWorld. This will require $1.75 in tolls. Alternatively, you can take a direct route to Walt Disney World through the south exit to SR-417 South, following it to Exit 5, and taking SR 536 straight into Disney. This requires $2 in tolls. Toll booths along this expressway uses open road tolling: see note above in box. Be careful when you return your rental car, the gas stations within 2 miles of the airport do not advertise their prices and cost over $5 per gallon. The prices 3 miles out are standard.

Transportation - Get Around

By bus

Orlando's public transportation is the LYNX bus service. Approximately 60 routes serve the metro Orlando area and costs $2 per ride (transfers included) except for the free Lymmo bus service downtown.

  • Lymmo Bus, 1-841-LYNX. This free service operates frequently in a circuit in downtown, from City Hall to the Centroplex and back. The Lymmo has a dedicated lane and stations with streetcar type control signals and modified buses that allow passengers to enter the bus without climbing. M-Th 6AM-10PM, F 6AM-midnight, Sa 10AM-midnight, Su 10AM-10PM.

LYNX buses of interest to visitors include routes 8, 42, 50, and 111 -- e.g., bus 8 or 42 for Universal, bus 8 for SeaWorld, and bus 50 or 111 for Disney. Seven-day standard passes are $16. Check out GO LYNX to plan your trips.

Transportation - Get Around

By train

  • SunRail, +1-855-RAIL-411 (7245-411). It is limited to a north-south route through the center of the area, with an initial southern end at Sand Lake Road, and northern end in DeBary. Bus connection is provided from Orlando International Airport to the Sand Lake Road station by Links 11, 42 and 111; and from Orlando-Sanford International Airport to the Sanford station by Link 46E.

Base one-way fare is $2.00, with an addition of $1.00 for each county line crossed. An all-day pass costs $4.50.

Direct rail connections to OIA and the attractions areas are currently being studied for possible future expansion.

There is currently no service on weekends and some federal holidays.

Transportation - Get Around

By trolley

  • I-Ride Trolley, +1 407-248-9590. Along International Drive and Universal Blvd, this trolley primarily serves tourists in the attractions area, operating daily from 8AM to 10:30PM. While the service is advertised as a trolley, the trolleys are in fact modified buses traveling in traffic with many stops, which makes for a slow ride. There are 85 stops along the main (Red) route on International Drive and 22 stops on the (Green) route that serves less congested Universal Blvd. The fare is $1.25 per ride for adults, 25¢ for seniors, and free to kids younger than 12; exact change is required. There's an unlimited 1-day pass available for $4 per person. One-day and multi-day passes, not sold on the bus, are available in many locations. However, because of the very limited route coverage of I-Ride –- it goes nowhere near Disney -- the better choice for many visitors is to use LYNX buses (e.g., bus 8, 42, 50, or 111).

Transportation - Get Around

By taxi

Orlando is visited by millions of tourists each year and dozens of taxi companies operate in the region. It will not be a problem to find transportation from The Orlando Airport to your hotel or from the hotel to a theme park, restaurant or mall. Unfortunately, some of those companies do not have any license or insurance, and operate illegally. If you are not planning to rent a car, you probably should do some research and arrange your transportation before arriving in Orlando.






Major malls

The Florida Mall — The largest mall in Orlando located at the crossroads of Orange Blossom Trail and Sand Lake Road, about a mile north of the Orange Blossom Trail/Florida Turnpike/Beachline Expressway interchange. Home to over 200 shops including Macy's,American Girl Dillard's, JC Penney, and Sears. You can go an entire day in this mall and still not finish. Popular among international tourists wishing to stock up on cheap American goods, but of better quality than found at the many outlet malls/stores.

The Mall at Millenia — This is Orlando's most upscale and beautiful mall. Find everything from Tiffany's to Hugo Boss and Gucci. Also home to upscale department stores like Macy's, Bloomingdales and Neiman Marcus. This also features Apple and Sony Style selling computers and related products. This mall is part of the very new and trendy Millenia area of Orlando. Conroy Road exit off of I-4 a few miles south of downtown.

Orlando Fashion Square &mdash, E Colonial Dr and Macguire Blvd, more than a mile NE of downtown.

Outlet malls

Orlando Premium Outlets - Vineland Ave — Home to the biggest designers such as Armani, Fendi, Burberry, Ferragamo, Lacoste, Coach. Also home to Tommy Hilfiger, Nike, Polo, Nautica and many more. Located off of 535 and visible from I-4 closest to the Disney World area. This is the best mall to pick up bargains from all the name brands and designer wear.

Orlando Premium Outlets - International Drive (formerly Beltz/Prime Outlets) — Home to many designers such as Polo, DKNY, Nike, Reebok, and Liz Claiborne. The mall has completed a major renovation recently, resulting in a beautiful outdoor mall with a wide variety of stores.

Lake Buena Vista Factory Stores — Select from over 300 designer and name brands such as Gap, Reebok, Carters and Eddie Bauer. Stores offer factory direct, quality merchandise at savings up to 75%. Off of SR-535 near International Dr and Disney.

Ethnic enclaves

Little Saigon, East Colonial Dr (around N Mills). Here you will find Vietnamese and Asian grocery stores, gift shops, and a few herbal healing stores, which stock items from China, Vietnam, Hong Kong, etc. Also home to many good inexpensive Vietnamese and other Asian restaurants.

Little India area — This area is a bit spread out. You will find many Indian stores in the South Orange Blossom Trail area on the main streets and side roads. Starting with Lancaster Road, which houses a video store and Indian restaurant, and then traveling south you will see a few Indian shops in clusters every mile all the way to 417 where you end at the local Indian movie theater

Little Brazil, the north end of International Dr. Several Brazilian restaurants, bakeries, stores, hairdressers, imports and exports shops. Some are hiding on the back of strip malls, some others are easy to find right up front flying the Brazilian flag.


A wide variety of restaurants can be found in CityWalk at Universal Orlando, including Margaritaville, Hard Rock Cafe, Pastamore, NASCAR Cafe and much more. Parking is $14 during the day and $3 after 6PM (except during holidays or special events, such as Halloween Horror Nights). Much choice can also be found in Disney Springs, including Rainforest Cafe, Planet Hollywood, and Wolfgang Puck Cafe. Texas de Brazil, is a Brazilian steakhouse in the heart of downtown, serving beef, chicken, lamb and pork in many preparations.


  • Rivers Smokehouse, toll-free: +1-844-4RIVERS (748377). A local, family owned BBQ resturant that is arguable the best in the nation, and most certainly in the Orlando Metro Area. Currently 5 locations, with a 6th planned.
  • 310 Lakeside. Classic American cuisine overlooking Lake Eola.
  • A Land Remembered9939 Universal Blvd+1 407 996-9939. A legendary Orlando steakhouse named after Patrick Smith's rich novel featuring Florida's historical moments and landscapes. Serving a variety of cuisine and accompanying wine list as succulent and filling as its namesake. Proudly serving Harris Ranch all Natural Prime Black Angus Beef, as well as menu items catering to all tastes.
  • Boston's Fish House6860 Aloma Avenue, Winter Park+1 407 678-2107.People drive from hours away to this charming family-owned restaurant that brings the fish and flavors of Boston to Orlando. Authentic New England Clam Chowder, Cod, steak tips and more. A hidden gem away from the hustle of all the theme parks, and worth the wait for a fresh meal made to order.
  • Bubbalou's Bodacious BBQ3 locations. BBQ ribs, sandwiches and other smoked delights. Atmosphere has a home-style feel and plenty of pig companions.
  • Everglades Restaurant9840 International Dr,  +1 407 996-9840. A one-of-a-kind gourmet dining experience featuring unique regional specialties, served in an enchanting setting dedicated to the Florida Everglades. Periodic Vine & Dine wine dinners featuring gourmet cuisine and fine wines.
  • Jack's Place9700 International Dr,  +1 407 996-9700. Tantalizing gourmet menu featuring prime steaks and fresh seafood in a whimsical atmosphere featuring the world's largest collection of autographed star caricatures.
  • Gabriel's Subs2840 Curry Ford Rd. Excellent hot veggie subs.
  • Le Coq Au Vin. A modern twist is given to classic French foods at this restaurant.
  • Luma on Park. American cuisine with an extensive wine list.
  • Norman's4000 Central Florida Pkwy (at Ritz-Carlton Grande Lakes), +1 407 393-4333. Chef Norman Van Aken. Prix-fixe $55 and up.
  • Ponderosa. An American steakhouse with a wide and varied buffet, from sausages to muffins all day. Great for those with a sweet tooth.
  • Uncle Jones BBQ1370 E Altamonte Dr, Altamonte Springs. Serving great potatoes, along with lima beans, BBQ pork, corn bread, fried okra, and Texas toast.
  • Urban Flats. Flatbreads and wine are the centerpiece of this modern-casual restaurant and wine bar.


  • El Inka Grill Ceviche4106 Town Center Blvd,  +1 407 730-7979. El Inka Grill serves Peruvian seafood and other Peruvian food. Ceviche is their signature dish.

Asian fare

  • Chan's Chinese Cuisine1901 E. Colonial Drive (On northeast corner of Colonial Dr. and Meridale Ave.),  +407 896-0093. 11 AM - 9:30 PM every day. Offers authentic Chinese cuisine. Many dishes offered and they are very well presented. This restaurant is in an area with many East Asian restaurants and bakeries. Somewhat expensive.
  • Garden Cafe810 W Colonial Dr. Fantastic vegetarian (mostly vegan) Chinese food.
  • Khasiyat Indian Cuisine852 W Lancaster Rd+1 407 888-2147.Vegetarian/Indian cuisine.
  • Ming Court. Nightly oriental folk music performances compliment a wide selection of sushi, dim sum and more.
  • Mr. Wong's Family Taste Chinese Cuisine5076 W. Colonial Dr.+1 407-440-4609. Open lunch and dinner seven days a week. This restaurant is in the Chinatown shopping area on west Colonial Dr. It specializes in Chinese food. The sign reads in big red letters, "CHINESE CUISINE." Only when you see the menu is the whole name displayed. This is not a fancy place, but it serves excellent authentic Chinese food. The diner is given chopsticks, but silverware is readily available. A very clean place to eat. Reasonable pricing.
  • Tokyo Sushi & Grill8111 Vineland Ave.+1 407 465-1188. 11:30AM-10:30PM M-Sat; 12 noon to 10:30PM Sun. Serves very good sushi and tempura. Offers other Asian dishes Moderate expense.
  • Sushi Tomi8463 S. John Young Pkwy. (In South Park Center),  +1 407-352-8635.11:30AM-2PM and 5:30-9PM daily. Japanese sushi and other Japanese food. Excellent quality. Moderately priced.
  • Pho Saigon Vietnamese & Thai Cuisine5100 W. Colonial Dr (Several doors east of 1st Oriental Market),  +1 407-253-7013. M-Th 9AM-9PM; Fr-Sun 9AM-10PM.Serves mainly Vietnamese cuisine. Most food of excellent quality. Inexpensive prices.

Latin inspired

  • Cala Bella (Creek Beautiful), 9939 Universal Blvd,  +1 407 336-3393. Benvenuto! Cala Bella, Rosen Shingle Creek's upscale Italian Restaurant features Italian classics, with Mediterranean and American inspiration, accompanied by a diverse list of top quality wines.
  • Cuba Libre. A Cuban restaurant that turns into a Latin dance club by night.
  • Garibaldi Mexican Restaurant929 N Semoran Blvd. The best dishes are chili relleno and cheese enchilada.
  • Rolando's Cuban Restaurant870 Semoran Blvd, Casselberry. Serves excellent rice, yucca, eggplant, plantains, and guava.
  • Rossi's Pizza5919 S Orange Blossom Trl (corner of Oak Ridge & Orange Blossom Trl),  +1 407 855-5755. Highly recommend the 12 inch thin-crust pepperoni pizza.
  • Stefano's Trattoria1425 Tuskawilla Rd, Winter Springs (Red Bug and Tuskawilla),  +1 407 659-0101. Small, family-run, quiet (but still delicious) Italian/Sicilian restaurant five minutes out of Orlando. A local gem! (Best advice on dishes: Ask Stefano to personally make a recommendation, he walks around the restaurant and will tell you exactly what you want to eat!) $.
  • Tony's Deli1323 N Mills Ave. Best dishes: fava bean salad, hummus and the baklava.
  • Vito's Chop House8633 International Dr,  +1 407 354-2467. Great cooking and great wine. $15-30.


  • Anatolia Orlando8 7600 Dr Phillips Blvd,  +1 407 352-6766. 11AM-10PM.Turkish, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern Cuisine with affordable prices. $10-20.

Sights & Landmarks

The Go Orlando Card is very useful.

Gardens & Parks

  • Arboretum, University of Central Florida4000 Central Florida Blvd+1 407 823-3146. An arboretum and botanical garden covering 80 acres (32 hectares), containing more than 600 species of plants (including more than 100 bromeliads) in cultivated gardens. Its cultivated areas currently include a Conservatory Compound, a Bromeliad Sanctuary, Cycad Garden, Fern Garden, Palm Collection, Rose Garden, Swamp Habitat, and Wetland Plants Display. Free.
  • Harry P. Leu Gardens, 1920 N Forest Ave,  +1 407 246-2620. Beautiful landscaped gardens and lakes set in nearly 50 acres of land, featuring flora gathered from around the globe since 1936, including the largest rose garden in Florida and America's largest camellia collection outside of California. The Leu House, Harry P. Leu's former home set within the grounds and dating back to the 1880's, has tours every 30 minutes around its museum illustrating Florida living at the turn of the 20th century (closed during July). You can get married in various places in the gardens and there are special events held throughout the year. 9AM-5PM daily except Christmas Day. Last garden admission at 4PM. Admission $7 (free Mondays, 9AM-noon).
  • Historic Bok Sanctuary1151 Tower Blvd+1 863 676-1408. Lake Wales. The Bok Sanctuary features acres of intricately landscaped gardens filled with an exotic array of flowers and trees. The gardens are home to a colony of wood ducks and many other wild birds. In the middle of the gardens sits the Bok Tower, with its 60-bell carillon playing music daily at 3PM. 8AM-6PM daily with last admission at 5PM. Visitor Center 9AM-5PM daily. Admission $10.
  • Torii ShintoCollege Park,  +1 407-484-6099. Torii Shinto is a private tropical garden. To visit the garden you must make an appointment as the garden is a private residence that is open to garden club tours, wedding and commitment ceremonies and for private tours to enthusiasts of horticulture. The garden hosts rare palms, bromeliads, heliconias, orchids and thousands of other plants from around the world. The species you will discover in this garden include: Carpoxylon Palm or Aneityum Palm - Carpoxylon macrospermum, Tahina spectabilis (discovered in Madagascar in 2007, described in 2008) thus this Tahina is a small specimen seedling (about 3'), Flame Thrower Palm - Chambeyronia macrocarpa, White Elephant Palm, King Thai Palm - Kerriodoxa elegans, Foxy Lady Palm - Wodyetia X Veitchia bifurcatum x arecina to name a few. Hercules, a 21.5' diameter Live Oak provides protection from the few cold days that Orlando hosts, Hercules is listed at the ninth largest Live Oak in Florida on the Live Oak Society registry. The garden hosts a view to a bald eagle nest in a neighboring pine. The garden is divided into several outdoor rooms with fountains, hand carved Bali lanterns and hand carved volcanic stone statuary. The owner is a landscape architect and indicates that tours for plant enthusiasts are always welcome. Free/Donation.

Museums & Galleries

  • Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art,  +1 848-1933. Houses the world's most comprehensive collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany including Tiffany art glass, leaded-glass windows, lamps, jewelry, pottery, paintings, and the chapel interior he designed for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The Museum's holdings include a major collection of American art pottery and representative collections of late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century American paintings, graphics, and decorative arts. $3 adults, students, and free for children under 12. Free between 4PM-8PM Nov-Apr each F.
  • Cornell Fine Arts Museum1000 Holt Ave,+1 407 646-2526. Tu-F 10AM-4PM, Sa Su noon-5PM. Winter Park. Rollins College. Features items from Cornell's renowned permanent collection. $5.
  • The Orlando Museum of Art. Ongoing exhibitions of American portraits and landscapes, American impressionist works, and art of the ancient Americas.
  • The Orlando Science Center. A 207,000 ft² (19,000 m²) hands-on learning center with hundreds of interactive exhibits for visitors of all ages. Images surround visitors on the giant screen of the Dr. Phillips CineDome. Other attractions include the Body Zone, teaching health and fitness, as well as an observatory. The center has the largest refracting telescope in Florida.
  • Orange County Regional History Center65 E Central Blvd,  +1 407 836-8500, toll-free: +1-800-965-2030. M-Sa 10AM-5PM, Su noon-5PM. Features exhibits and artifacts from the earliest days of the region to the modern day. Includes information on everything from the time of the Seminole Indians to the founding of the city to the Civil Rights era to the Disney period to today. $9-12.
  • International Trolley and Train Museum. Features 14 model railroad trains with sound and lighting traveling through an indoor garden with 12 ft (4 m) high mountains, waterfalls, and more than 30 trestles and tunnels. Also on display are toy trains from the 1920s to the present. Visitors can catch a ride in a California Victorian-style half open/half closed trolley or the 5/8-scale replica of an 1880 locomotive (a Mason Bogey) with its passenger cars.
  • Ripley's Believe It or Not! Orlando Odditorium8201 International Dr,  +1 407-363-4418. Located in a building artfully constructed to appear as if it were collapsing to one side. Visitors can explore bizarre artifacts, strange collections, weird art/hobbies (for example, check out the 3/4-scale model of a 1907 Rolls Royce Silver Ghost automobile made entirely of matchsticks and glue), and interactive exhibits in sixteen odd galleries. Seriously schlocky, yet fun.

Things to do

Major Attractions

Orlando is one of the biggest tourist destinations because of the nearby theme parks and resorts. Close to International Drive is Universal Orlando, which includes two theme parks, three hotels and a large shopping district. SeaWorld Orlando is a marine theme park featuring Kraken, the only floorless rollercoaster in the Orlando area, as well as Believe, the new Shamu adventure. About 35 minutes southwest of downtown Orlando is Walt Disney World. Comprising four theme parks, two water parks, dozens of hotels, two shopping and dining districts, five golf courses, and much more, it is the largest privately managed tourist destination on the planet. Not far from Disney World lies the Alligator Capital of the World: Gatorland.

  • Walt Disney World (18 mi S of downtown in Lake Buena Vista). The acclaimed gold standard of theme parks on the planet. Hours vary by park and season.
  • Universal Orlando ResortInternational Dr+1 407 363-8000. 9AM-closing times varying from 6PM-10PM. Top-ranked challenger to Disney, with two theme parks -- the original Universal Studios Florida and the second theme park, Islands of Adventure -- a nightclub and restaurant complex, CityWalk, and three resort hotels. Discounts are given for purchasing tickets online.
  • SeaWorld Adventure Park OrlandoSeaWorld Dr,  +1 407 351-3600, toll-free:+1-800-327-2424. 9AM-closing times varying from 6PM-10PM. A beautifully landscaped 200-acre marine theme park featuring fantastic shows, thrilling rides, and fun exhibits -- a more laid-back alternative to Disney and Universal. Variety of discounts may be available by purchasing tickets online.
  • Aquatica5800 Water Play Way. Hours vary by season. Opened in 2008 water park by Sea World. Newest ride is Ihu's Breakaway Falls, a breakaway slide in which the rider is placed in the box and dropped down to slide.
  • Discovery Cove6000 Discovery Cove Way (9AM-5:30PM (until 9PM on selected evenings)),  +1 407 370-1280. A unique companion to Sea World, it is often sold out as admission is limited to 1000 guests per day but admission does include all your equipment, food, drink and 30-minute interaction with the dolphins in the water. $259-279, $159-179 for non-dolphin package.
  • Holy Land4655 Vineland Rd. Closed Tu. Either inspirational or kitschy, depending on your proclivities, this biblical-themed park is designed to look like Jerusalem.Discount on tickets purchased online.
  • Gatorland14501 S Orange Blossom Trl+1 407 855-5496, toll-free: +1-800-393-JAWS (5297). 9AM-5PM daily. A small alligator and reptile themed park.
  • Wet 'N Wild6200 International Dr,  +1 407 351-1800, toll-free: +1-800-992-WILD (9453). Hours vary by season. Waterpark (Permanently closing at the end of 2016)
  • Fun Spot America - Orlando5700 Fun Spot Way (Just off the Kirkman Rd or Sandlake Rd I-4 exits),  +1 407 363-3867. 10:00-24:00. Small amusement park with rollercoasters, go-karts and thrill rides.

Minor Attractions

  • Basilica of Mary, Queen of the Universe8300 Vineland Ave+1 407 239-6600.This extravagant Catholic church has become a tourist attraction in itself, thanks in part to the millions of Catholics from around the world who visit it and the rest of Orlando every year. Note: It is not a parish and therefore it cannot perform weddings, funerals, or baptisms.
  • Florida EcoSafaris at Forever Florida (Zipline Safari)4755 N Kenansville Rd+1 407 957-9794, e-mail: . Reservations required.Journey deep into Forever Florida, a 4700 acre eco-ranch and wildlife conservation area, preserved just as nature intended. This beautiful site boasts 9 distinct Florida ecosystems and an endless array of natural flora and fauna including alligators, black bears, nearly two hundred species of birds and the endangered Florida panther. Choose your own fully-guided adventure: Coach Safari, Horseback Safari or, soar through the treetops on the Zipline Safari.
  • Orlando Watersports Complex8615 Florida Rock Rd,  +1 407 251-3100. A cable park for watersports. Offers lessons and two separate cable systems, a beginner and an advanced. A perfect way to experience Orlando's reputation as the watersport capital of the world.
  • Revolution: The Off Road Experience. Offers 4-wheeling, 4x4, dune buggying and more.
  • Enzian Theater. A cinema for the indie/alternative crowd that also offers food and alcoholic beverages.
  • Discovery Cove. A 30-acre tropical retreat with beaches, snorkeling and relaxation.
  • iFLY Orlando6805 Visitors Circle Orlando, Florida 32819. Indoor skydiving facility near Universal Studios.

Sports Teams

  • Orlando Magic (Amway Center), 400 W Church St,  +1 407 89-MAGIC (62442), e-mail: . Member of the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Magic is the city's only member of the big four.
  • Orlando City SC (Citrus Bowl), toll-free: +1-855-ORL-CITY (675-2489). Member of Major League Soccer (MLS) as of 2015. The team plans to move into the new Orlando City Stadium near the Amway Center in the last half of the 2016 season.
  • Orlando Pride (Citrus Bowl), toll-free: +1-855-ORL-CITY (675-2489). Women's soccer team owned and operated by Orlando City SC and joining the National Women's Soccer League in 2016. They're sharing the Citrus Bowl with Orlando City, and will also move into Orlando City's new stadium.
  • UCF Knights. The teams representing the University of Central Florida—with the largest undergraduate enrollment of any single university campus in the country—compete in NCAA Division I sports, currently as members of the American Athletic Conference. UCF has heavily invested in athletics facilities in recent years, with the most notable example being the football team's home of Bright House Networks Stadium.


  • Downtown Orlando Information Center201 S Orange Ave,  +1 407-254-INFO (4636). Ste 102. Has two interactive kiosks and electronic message boards with information about local Downtown eateries, retailers, accommodations, special events, etc. M-F 9AM–6PM.

Despite the proximity of theme park haven Lake Buena Vista, the city has a lot to offer on its own. Downtown Orlando is a growing area centered around Orange Avenue that is packed with bars, clubs, and restaurants, as well as theaters and concert venues. The main strip on Orange Avenue is closed most nights because of the large volumes of pedestrians. Just a few blocks over is Lake Eola, a picturesque park situated around a swan-filled lake. In the middle of the lake is a lighted fountain that has been established as an icon of Orlando, and on one side of the lake stands the historic outdoor shell theater, where tourists and locals alike can see a version of the Nutcracker every December. Swan-shaped paddle boats are available for rental as well. Taking over for Church Street as the main night time hot spot is Wall Street. It is a small pedestrian only alley off of Orange Avenue that houses several restaurants and bars. They also have frequent concerts on Wall Street, providing a stage for bands to play for everything from Cinco de Mayo to the Capital One Bowl and Citrus Bowl celebration weeks.


  • Bay Hill Club & Lodge9000 Bay Hill Blvd,  +1 407 876-2429. Two courses: 18 holes, over 7,205 yards with a par of 72 (Private Non-Equity); 9 holes, over 3,409 yards with a par of 36 (Private Non-Equity).
  • Boggy Creek Golf Club3650 8th St,  +1 407 857-0280. 9 holes, over 3,250 yards with a par of 36 (Public).
  • Country Club of Orlando1601 Country Club Dr+1 407 425-2319. 18 holes, over 6,591 yards with a par of 72 (Private Equity).
  • Cypress Creek Country Club5353 Vineland Rd+1 407 351-2187. 18 holes, over 7,014 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Dubsdread Golf Course549 West Par St+1 407 246-2551. 18 holes, over 6,055 yards with a par of 72 (Municipal).
  • Eaglewood Golf Club5800 Pga Blvd,  +1 407 351-5121. 18 holes, over 2,516 yards with a par of 58 (Public).
  • EastWood Golf Club13950 Golfway Blvd,  +1 407 281-4653. 18 holes, over 7,176 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Fairways Country Club14205 E Colonial Dr+1 407 282-7535. 18 holes, over 5,332 yards with a par of 70 (Public).
  • Faldo Golf Institute By Marriott12001 Avenida Verde,  +1 888-463-2536. 9 holes, over 2,308 yards with a par of 32 (Public).
  • Ginn Reunion Golf Resort1000 Reunion Way, toll-free: +1-888-418-9611. Reunion. 54 holes, 3 championship golf courses designed by Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus and Tom Watson (Private).
  • Grand Cypress Resort1 N Jacaranda St, toll-free: +1-800-835-7377. Four courses:18 holes over 6,773 yards with a par of 72 (Public); 9 holes over 3,462 yards with a par of 36 (Public); 9 holes over 3,521 yards with a par of 36 (Public); 9 holes over 3,434 yards with a par of 36 (Public).
  • Grande Pines Golf Club6351 International Golf Club Rd, toll-free: +1-800-371-1165.18 holes, over 7,012 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Lake Nona Golf Club9801 Lake Nona Rd+1 407 851-9091. 18 holes, over 7,011 yards with a par of 72 (Private Non-Equity).
  • Lake Orlando Golf Club4224 Club House Rd+1 407 298-1230. 18 holes, over 6,803 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • MetroWest Golf Club2100 S Hiawassee Rd+1 407 299-8800. 18 holes, over 7,051 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Orange Tree Golf Club7540 Woodgreen Dr+1 407 351-2521. 18 holes, over 6,968 yards with a par of 71 (Private Non-Equity).
  • Rio Pinar Golf & Country Club8600 El Prado Ave,  +1 407 277-5121. 18 holes, over 6,929 yards with a par of 72 (Private Equity).
  • Ritz Carlton Golf Club4048 Central Florida Pkwy,  +1 407 393-4900. 18 holes, over 7,122 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Shingle Creek Golf Club9939 Universal Blvd, toll-free: +1-866-996-9933. 18 holes, over 7,213 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Stoneybrook Golf Club2900 Northampton Ave,  +1 407 384-6888. 18 holes, over 6,820 yards with a par of 72 (Public).
  • Ventura Country Club3333 Woodgate Blvd,  +1 407 277-2640. 18 holes, over 5,467 yards with a par of 70 (Public).


  • Orlando Tennis Center649 W Livingston St+1 407 246-2161
  • Lake Cane Tennis Center5108 Turkey Lake Rd+1 407 254-9170.
  • Fort Gatlin Recreation Complex2009 Lake Margaret Dr,  +1 407 858-3290.


  • Orange County Convention Center (OCCC), 9860 Universal Blvd,  +1 407 685-1061. With 2.1 million-square feet of exhibition space, the OCCC serves as the area's convention and meeting center.
  • Universal Orlando Meetings & Events1000 Universal Studios Plaza, toll-free: +1-888-266-2121. From 20 to 20,000 guests, a Universal event ensures that you will give your attendees something truly out of the ordinary.


Orlando nightlife away from the theme parks is centered mostly around Central Boulevard and Orange Avenue in downtown Orlando. Here you can walk and find many bars. A short walk away is the tiny Thornton Park District, located near the intersection of Washington and Summerlin. Among the dozens of cafes and pubs, you might stop in for a drink and a quick bite at Dexter's on Washington. For local flair head across the street to Burton's Frosty Mug, or sample the hip urban environment at the trendy HUE at the corner of Washington and Central.

Although most of the downtown Central avenue crowd is comprised of the "twentysomething" generation, for a more 30's and over entertainment experience, one can enjoy live jazz on many nights in the lounge of the Grand Bohemian Hotel located downtown on Orange Avenue. The jazz is excellent and the ambiance is quite comfortable, although drinks tend to be pretty pricey here.

Also, for a more professional crowd with a Latin twist, there is the Samba Room, located on Sand Lake Road, about 3/4 west of I-4. This is a lively restaurant and happy hour type of place. The look is chic and the locals and tourists alike gather here for a quality food, beverage and people watching experience. You should ditch the shorts and flip-flops for a more casual chic look, but if you do you will be rewarded with a nice experience here. If you are traveling west on Sand Lake Road, after passing I-4, The Samba Room is on the left in a large shopping plaza. Latin food, music and mojitos are just some of the specialties here.

Across the street from the Samba Room, on Sand Lake Road, is the Old Vines wine bar, featuring live jazz usually from Thurs. through Saturday nights. The wine selection is extensive and the live jazz is some of the best in town. The jazz is performed in the front of the room by the entrance. There is a divider that separates the more intimate rear portion of the establishment, which is the main dining area.

There are quite a few places to enjoy quality dining and drinks along Park Avenue in Winter Park, an adjacent suburb which is just northeast of Orlando. Winter Park is known for its many older grande homes that dominate the more historic sections of this suburb affectionately referred to by many as the center of Orlando's "old money." Park Avenue is an active pedestrian street featuring trendy shoppes, galleries, restaurants and nightspots. It has recently grown from becoming a one street attraction to more of a district, as several nearby streets have now added similar attractions.

Of particular interest and uniqueness on Park Avenue is the Wine Room, a converted bank featuring literally hundreds of wines available for self serve sampling. The mode of purchasing here is to pre-load a wine "credit card" supplied by the Wine Room. You are then at liberty to peruse the entire building and select any wine you wish to try, merely by inserting your "credit card." Each wine station automatically deducts the value of your current purchase and advises you of your card balance. Dress is very casual here and you are likely to meet both locals and visitors, all sampling and enjoying their vinos of choice throughout the night.

At the theme parks, CityWalk at Universal Studios. For a nominal admission fee, both sites offer numerous venues for libations and entertainment. If you're staying along International Drive, there are plenty of bars, pubs, and clubs.

  • Corona Cigar Company's Superstore & Cigar Bar7792 West Sand Lake Rd+1 407 248-1212. If you're interested in cigars and all the different kinds of cigars, then this place is for you. The Corona Cigar Company allows its customers to sample different cigars. They also serve drinks.
  • Howl At The Moon8815 International Dr+1 407 354-5999. Entertainers perform songs at request all night. A place where people can go to listen to music, dance, drink, and have fun.
  • Orena Sports Bar6159 Westwood Blvd+1 407 370-0303. Orena Sports Bar caters to both locals and tourists. The bar serves food and drinks. Visitors can go to eat, play games, watch sports games and more.
  • Velvet Bar at Hard Rock Hotel, 5800 Universal Blvd,  +1 407 503-3463. Sit down, relax and listen to music. Velvet Bar also has live bands.
  • Blue Martini4200 Conroy Road Suite H246,  +1 407 447-2583. Blue Martini is a very high end martini bar. People can enjoy live entertainment at the bar.
  • Dave & Buster's Inc.8986 International Dr,  +1 407 541-3306. Dave & Buster's is family friendly. Kids and adults can enjoy a great meal and play a variety of games. There is also a bar for the adults where they can sit, order drinks, and watch a sports game.

Safety in Orlando

Stay Safe

Like most cities in America, there are certain areas of Orlando which are more dangerous than others. Some areas travelers should be cautious of are:

  • Parramore District, area in downtown Orlando is a location where a lot of the area's homeless population congregates and crime rates are higher in this area.
  • Orange Blossom Trail, north of Sand Lake Road is known to be a bit of an unofficial red light district. Drug and prostitution related crime is common here. Prostitution is not legal in Orlando, so you could spend a night in jail if you decide to indulge.
  • Pine Hills, located around Silver Star Road and Pine Hills Road west of John Young Parkway. This is a lower income area that has struggled with high crime rates. The Greyhound bus station is in Pine Hills and is a place to use caution.

While it is unlikely that any one individual would experience serious crime in these areas, tourists stand out in these areas, and can unwittingly do things that can make them targets for criminal behavior, so it is sensible to stay away.

While crime in the Orlando area is not particularly high, with the annual tourists far outnumbering the regional population (~2million), a substantial amount of local crime ends up being directed at tourists. The most common crimes are theft of items from cars and hotels, so following common sense travel precautions are particularly important in an area like Orlando.

  • Never leave valuable items in your car unattended, and get any purchased items to your hotel room as soon as possible. Consider utilizing the hotel room safe.
  • Never leave small children unattended for any length of time, especially at a pool. Most hotel pools do not have lifeguards.
  • Hotel room invasions do occur, especially open-air hotel and motel rooms when the victim leaves their hotel room unlocked and not dead-bolted. When you are in a hotel room, always lock your doors behind you, even if you expect someone in a minute or two.

While hurricanes attract most of the attention, the proximity to two coasts also brings frequent, and sometimes dangerous, thunderstorms. These occur nearly every day during the rainy season from mid-June through September. While some days it may only rain for 10 minutes, other thunderstorms can last for hours and its not unheard of for one location to remain dry while another spot 10 miles away gets a couple inches of rain on an afternoon. The summer thunderstorms are the main reason that Florida is the lightning capital of the western hemisphere. During these storms it is best to remain indoors due to the danger posed by frequent cloud-to-ground lightning. Golfers are especially vulnerable. A couple of dozen people are killed each year by lightning in Florida and many more spend much time receiving treatment for lightning strikes.

Pets are better off left with a friend or in a kennel. If you choose to bring your pet, note that most theme parks and hotels prohibit pets but may provide kennels for a fee. Most places to accommodate service animals, however. Also note above about interior temperatures in parked cars.

Extreme Temperatures

Never leave children, pets, or the elderly in a parked car for any length of time! Due to high temperature for most of the year, the interior of a parked car can easily heat to lethal temperatures in a short amount of time. During the summer, the interior of a parked car can reach 130-170°F (55-75°C) in just 15 minutes, regardless of the color of the exterior or interior, or whether the windows are open a small amount. You not only risk death, but it is illegal and the consequences are taken VERY seriously, including thousands in fines, potential imprisonment, and the involvement of the Florida Department of Children and Families.

High / 7.4

Safety (Walking alone - day)

Mid. / 4.0

Safety (Walking alone - night)

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