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Info Mar Del Plata
Mar del Plata is an Argentine city in the southeast part of Buenos Aires Province located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the head of General Pueyrredón Partido. Mar del Plata is the second largest city in Buenos Aires Province. The name "Mar del Plata" has the meaning of "sea of the Plate region" or "adjoining sea to the (River) Plate region".
Mar del Plata is one of the major fishing ports and the biggest seaside beach resort in Argentina. With a population of 614,350 as per the 2010 census [INDEC], it is the 7th largest city in Argentina.
|FOUNDED :||February 10, 1874|
|TIME ZONE :||ART (UTC−3)|
|LANGUAGE :||Spanish (official)|
|AREA :||79.48 km2 (30.69 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||38 m (125 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||38°0′0″S 57°33′0″W|
|SEX RATIO :|
|AREA CODE :||223|
|POSTAL CODE :||7600|
|DIALING CODE :||+54 223|
Mar del Plata is located about 400 km south of Buenos Aires,Argentina. In the summer months, December through March, the beaches are crowded with Porteños on holiday. Outside the summer months, the city is much less crowded. However there are 700,000 residents who live there year round. It is a very large city with lots to do, and not only in summer months.
Mar del Plata is the most popular destination for conventions in Argentina after Buenos Aires. Mar del Plata has a wide range of services in this sector. The summer season hosts over fifty theatrical plays.
Pre-Spanish era: The region was inhabited by Günuna Kena nomads (also known as northern Tehuelches). They were later (after the 11th century) strongly influenced by the Mapuche culture.
1577–1857: First European explorers. Sir Francis Drake made a reconnaissance of the coast and its sea lion colonies; Don Juan de Garay explored the area by land a few years later. In 1742, during the War of Jenkin's Ear, eight survivors of HMS Wager, part of Admiral Ansonexpedition, and led by Isaac Morris, lived through a ten-months ordeal before being decimated and captured by the Tehuelches, who eventually handed them to the Spaniards. After holding the Englishmen as prisoners, they returned Morris and his companions to London in 1746. First colonization attempt by Jesuit Order near Laguna de los Padres ended in disaster (1751).
1857–1874: The Portuguese entrepreneur José Coelho de Meirelles, taking advantage of the country's abundance of wild cattle, built a pier and a factory for salted meat, but the business only lasted a few years.
1874–1886: Patricio Peralta Ramos acquired the now abandoned factory along with the surrounding terrain, and founded the town on February 10, 1874.Basque rancher Pedro Luro bought a part of Peralta Ramos land for agricultural production. First docks also erected around this time.
1886–1911: The railway line from Buenos Aires, built by the Buenos Aires Great Southern reached Mar del Plata in 1886; the first hotels started their activity. The upper-class people from Buenos Aires became the first tourist of the new born village. They also established a local government that reflected their conservative ideals. Build-up of a French style resort. On 19 July 1907, the provincial legislature approved a bill that declared Mar del Plata as a city.
1911–1930: The residents, mostly new arrived immigrants from Europe, demanded and obtained the control of the Municipality administration. The socialist were the mainstream political force in this period, carrying out social reforms and public investment. The main port was also built and inaugurated in 1916.
1930–1946: A military coup reinstated the Conservative hegemony in politics through electoral fraud and corruption, but in the local level they were quite progressive, their policies viewed in some way as a continuity of the socialist trend. In 1932, the construction of National Route 2 was completed, which connected Mar del Plata to Buenos Aires. Before this, a dirt road connected Mar del Plata to Buenos Aires using a different route, required almost 2 days to travel. The seaside Casino complex opened in 1939, was designed by architect Alejandro Bustillo, dates from this period.
1946–1955: Birth of the Peronist movement. A coalition between socialists and radicals defeated this new party by a narrow margin in Mar del Plata, but by 1948 Peronism came to dominate the local administration. The massive tourism, triggered by the welfare politics of Perón and the surge of the middle class marked a huge growth in the city's economy.
1955–1970: After the fall of Perón, the socialists regained the upper hand in local politics; the city reached the peak in activities like construction business and building industry. Massive immigration from other regions of Argentina.
1970–1989: Slight decline of tourism demand, counterbalanced by the increasing of other industries such as fishing and machinery. General infrastructure renewal under the military rule. The centrist Radical Civic Union becomes the main political force after the return of Democracy in 1983.
1989–present: Though the Peronism replaced the radicals in central government amid a national financial crisis, the latter party continued to rule in Mar del Plata. Some resurge of mass tourism in the early '90s was followed by a deep social crisis in town, with an increase of poverty, jobless rate and emigration. By contrast, the first decade of the 21st century shows an amazingly quick recovery in all sectors of the ailing economy.
In November 2005 the city hosted the 4th Summit of the Americas.
Mar del Plata has an oceanic climate with humid and moderate summers and relatively cool winters. Summer maximum temperatures average around 27°C (81°F) although there are many days between 30°C (86°F) and 35°C (95°F). However, strong onshore or southerly winds can keep temperatures cool, down to 20°C (68°F) with nights even falling below 10°C (50°F). Summer is generally the peak season and traditionally, Easter is the last weekend before the peak season ends. Spring and fall bring variable weather with possible heat waves or cold nights. Winters are cool and damp with occasional frost. Snowfall does occasionally occur as well as the Sudestada, which brings long periods of precipitation, cloudy weather and rough seas. Cold southwestern winds that bring polar air masses from Antarctica can bring temperatures below freezing.
Climate data for Mar del Plata
|Record high °C (°F)||41.6
|Average high °C (°F)||26.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||20.3
|Average low °C (°F)||14.3
|Record low °C (°F)||3.0
|Source : NOAA|
Prices in Mar Del Plata
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||$1.30|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||$5.30|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||$26.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||$40.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||$52.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||$5.70|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||$3.50|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||$2.70|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||$6.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||$6.50|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||$0.20|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||$1.90|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||$2.20|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||$100.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||$67.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||$115.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||$0.30|
48 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
152 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
Aerolineas makes the 90 minute flight several times a day during the high season.
Three trains daily arrive from Buenos Aires. The train station is about 2 km from the boulevard.
Buses are faster than trains, and incredibly clean. It's 5.5 hours from Buenos Aires (Retiro Station) and costs 265 pesos (about 25 U$D in January 2014).
Manuel Tienda Leon Colectivo service is available at the Buenos Aires Airport for around 170 Pesos one way. The trip is 5 hours through the Argentine Pampas and scenery wise it is very boring - bring a book or a pillow.
Transportation - Get Around
Taxis are very cheap,is about 5 USD each 4 kilometers (year 2010) take into account that Argentina has +/- 20% annual inflation, prices change in ARS but remain the same in USD. Cabs drivers are plentiful, and pretty honest. There is a local bus network very large, you need a bus card in order to use it, it can be bought in terminal bus or in bus office (usually in downtown) and reloaded in drugstores. Another transportation service is Remisse, is like a cab with a discount, you have to call "the remiseria", a sort of small terminal with an operator at phone. Almost for sure, no one speaks English, so be ready to make signs or talk in Spanish with the drivers. If you want to walk, Mar del Plata is perfect, it has 28 kilometres of coast with lights and pavement and is pretty safe.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
- Avenida Juan B. Justo
- Diagonal de los Artesanos
- Calle Guemes
- Peatonal San Martín
The most important restaurants are Trattoria Napolitana, Taberna Baska, Mando, Casimiro Restaurante, Parrilla La Gringa, El Jarrillo, Papá Gino; in the port: Sarasanegro, Sur Restaurante, Justiniano, La Casa Vieja, Alito and the others, when you can eat seafood. In the Avenida Costanera where is the Casino and the San Martin Street, there is a pedestrian street. The modern city center and shopping area is on Güemes Street, where there are restaurants, bars and shops. In this city you can enjoy yourself day and night, that is why it is called “The happy city”.
Great fish. The "Puerto" of Mar del Plata is a nice zone to know and try "mariscos", "rabas" and as many possibilities as you can.
"Alfajores" (a cake sandwich with dulce de leche)are found all over Argentina, and go perfect with cafe con leche. Many say the best are at the Havanna shops that are all around MDP. They make great gifts to bring home.
The Argentines love dulce de leche, which is a cream caramel, and put it on almost anything sweet. Medialunas (mini-croissants) and dulce de leche are a staple breakfast. Dulce De Leche Granizado Ice Cream (Helado) combines chocolate flakes into caramel ice cream. The best by far is found in the Alem section of town.
Parillas (mixed grills) are also ubiquitous and with the great exchange rate, eating steak almost every day is very possible. Sirloin Steak is referred to as Bife de Chorizo, not to be confused with the sausage of the same name. One of the best parillas in MDP is Palacio del Bife. Palacio del Bife is excellent, although pricey. Bargain bites can be found in casual restaurants, such as those found on the pedestrian strip, San Martin .
Empanadas in Argentina are great for the first few days, but once you realize that unless you plan well in advance, this is the only food you can get during the daily siesta for lunch. Bariloche on Calle Mitre has some of the best around.
After you've entered a beef coma and can't take any more steak, Amigos Del Mar sushi restaurant is the only Japanese food in Mar Del Plata. There are several oriental "Tenedor Libres" (cheap buffet style restaurants) and some trendier restaurants in Alem that claim to do Chinese or Japanese food but just don't cut it.
The most traditional place to eat in the "Happy City", as Mar del Plata is also called, is "Manolo". This low-key restaurant has three branches (one on Rivadavia street, one right on the coast, and the newest one on Alem). Food quality is great and almost anything you order is to share. Great seafood too. A very nice alternative to the pier... especially if you're on foot. You can't leave Mar del plata until you've tried "churros" from this establishment. They are the best!!! Don't expect anything fancy (tiny paper napkins and waiters always in a rush), but be sure to leave with a full, happy stomach.
Sights & Landmarks
The main activities are the port, fishing, tourism and textiles. The main activities in the port are fishing, oil ships and grains. The city has a new passenger terminal for cruise ships and a naval submarine base. It has a lot of industries such as horticulture, construction and mechanical industries. Mar del Plata has a sports complex, which co-hosted the World Cup in 1978, where the Pan American games in 1995 were based and where the final of the Davis Cup was played in 2008. The city coastline extends for over 28 km. The most popular beaches in Mar del Plata for tourist are primarily those located in the south of the city and downtown.
- Museo MAR Av Felix U. Camet e/Lopez de Gomara y F.Acosta.Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 10am- 6 pm.Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Holidays 10am-8pm. Wednesday closed. museomar.gob.ar. Free entrance
- Aquarium Mar del Plata Av. Martinez de Hoz 5600. (223) 467-0700.
- Museo Municipal de Ciencias Naturales Lorenzo Scaglia Av. Libertad 3099 (at Plaza España). Natural science museum and aquarium featuring local sea life. AR$2 adults, aR$1 for children under 11. Open Monday - Friday 9am - 5pm; Saturday- Sunday and holidays 4pm - 8pm.
- Museo Archivo Histórico
- Zoológico El Paraíso Ruta 226 km. 16 (C. de Acceso a Sierra de los Padres) (223) 463-0347. 300 species of exotic and domestic animals roam free (with a few exceptions) over an 8 hectare nature park. Night and day tours available.
- Banquina de Pescadores
- Historic homes Mar del Plata is chock full of Victorian summer homes, including some very eclectic choices in design and materials. Try strolling around Barrio La Perla or the waterfront Patricio Peralta Ramos Boulevard.
- Museo del Hombre del Puerto Cleto Ciocchini
Museums & Galleries
- The Juan Carlos Castagnino Municipal Museum of Art.
- The Museum of the Port of Mar del PlataCleto Ciocchini.
- The Museum of Contemporary Art MAR.
- The Museum of Natural Science Lorenzo Scaglia, specialized in Paleontology of the Quaternary species around the region.
- The Mar del Plata Museum of the Sea, which included one of the most complete collections of sea snails of the World. The museum has been closed to the public since September 2012.
- Villa Victoria, a vintage wooden house, the former residence of the late writer Victoria Ocampo, now a place for art expositions and classical music.
- The Submarine Force Museum, located in the proximities of the Mar del Plata Naval Base.
Things to do
- Get to the beach early to beat the crowds, and once you are there do not be offended by the Argentinian tradition of kicking sand on your blanket and face :)
- Tango shows at Teatro Colón are fantastic and at only 15 pesos for Buenos Aires dance companies, they are a steal.
- Enjoy mate, the very bitter and caffeinated but addictive beverage. Buy a mate gord, thermos, yerba and ask for agua caliente almost anywhere. No one in MDP leaves home without their mate.
- Make the trek to Waikiki beach on the outskirts of town. It's a more relaxed environment than Punta Iglesia or Playa Grande and provides enough room to spread out. They have an excellent surf school there.
- Capurro Helado, near Punta Iglesia, is always great on a hot day after cooling off at the beach. Some of the best ice cream in the world.
- Take the 221 bus south of the city to hit the nicest beaches, such as Playa Serena.
- . Go window shopping on Güemes. You'll find the trendiest fashion and some nice cafés to sit and sip coffee while you rest your feet.
- . Visit the Casino. Even if you don't like gambling, the building is just beautiful - from a different era. The nice promenade along the coast is a great place for exercising or just enjoying a nice view of the sea and the city. You'll find the Casino and very traditional Hotel Pronvincial as you walk on it.
- . Go see a show! Mar del Plata has a wide range of theatre shows to offer. Get your tickets as soon as you arrive 'cause they run out fast!
Festivals and events
Shows and festivals
- The Mar del Plata International Film Festival, the only competitive accredited film festival in Latin America.
- The Fiesta Nacional del Mar ("National Sea Festival") with the election and coronation of the Sea Queen and her princesses, which takes place in December as the official inauguration of the summer season.
- The Premios Estrella de Mar ("Sea Star Awards") which honor the best stage plays and shows of the season.
- The Valencian Falles week, a local reenactment of the Valencian event conducted by the Valencian community.
- The Mar del Plata Fashion Show, along with a number of fashion parades that gathers the best haute couture designers.
- The Fiesta Nacional de los Pescadores (National Fishermen's Festival), a colourful display of seamen tradition and cuisine.
- Mar del Plata has also hosted the 1995 Pan American Games, the 2003 Parapan American Games, the 2005 FIBA Under-21 World Championship, and co-hosted the1978 FIFA World Cup and the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship.
- Since 1987 Mar del Plata annually hosts the Mar del Plata Marathon, in early December.
- The 53rd International Mathematical Olympiad was held in Mar del Plata in 2012.
- The Festival Internacional de Poesia del Atlantico International Poetry Festival of the Atlantic, is an international poetry festival. It began in 2013 and for its second edition in 2014 it gathered more than 210 poets from Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico, Iran, Chile, Peru and Cuba. It's part of the Moviento Poetico Mundial World Poetry Movement.
Alem street is the heart of nightlife in the city. You will find countless pubs, bars, nightclubs in about a 6 square block area. The discos are located north of town: for 90 pesos, Sobremonte is quite an experience. Chocolate and Gap also are a lot of fun on the right night.