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Santos is a municipality in theBrazilian state of São Paulo, founded in 1546 by the Portuguese nobleman Brás Cubas. It is partially located on the island of São Vicente, which harbors both the city of Santos and the city of São Vicente, and partially on the mainland. It is the main city in the metropolitan region of Baixada Santista. The population is 433,966 (2015 est.) in an area of 280.67 km². The city is also home to the Coffee Museum, where coffee prices were once negotiated. There is also a football memorial, dedicated to the city's greatest players, which includes Pelé, who played for Santos Futebol Clube. Its beachfront garden, 5,335 m (5,834 yd) in length, figures in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest beachfront garden in the world.
|TIME ZONE :||• Time zone BRT (UTC-3)|
• Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
|AREA :||280.67 km2 (108.37 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||2 m (7 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||23°56′13″S 46°19′30″W|
|SEX RATIO :|
|AREA CODE :||13|
|POSTAL CODE :||11000-000|
|DIALING CODE :||+55 13|
Santos is a city in the south of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Santos is the core city of Baixada Santista, a coastal metropolitan area with 1.6 million people, and contains the most important port in South America. Santos is a city known for its historical center, the Santos FC football team (team of the legendary Pelé), and its beaches (reputedly, not the cleanest).
Santos is a municipality in the São Paulo state of Brazil, founded in 1546. It is partially located on the island of São Vicente which harbors both the city of Santos and the city of São Vicente, and partially on the mainland. It is the main city in Paulista Coast. As of 2006, its population was estimated at 418,375. Santos has the biggest seaport in Latin America; is a significant tourist center; has large industrial complexes and shipping centers, which handle a large portion of the world's coffee exports; as well as a number of other Brazilian exports including oranges, bananas and cotton. The city also displays the Coffee Museum, where, once, coffee prices were negotiated; and a football memorial, dedicated to the city's greatest players, amongst which is Pelé. Its beach's garden, 5335 Km length, figures in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest beach front garden.
There is a tourist information on the beach garden in the center of the beach. It is the building with Mondrian walls at the big "i"-sign, The staff speaks excellent English and are very helpful.
The exportation of coffee from the Port of Santos gave rise to the city and mostly accounted for the wealth of the city at the turn of the 20th century. Exportation and importation through its port have made it the modern city one finds today and turned it into the indispensable outlet for the production of the powerhouse that is São Paulo State. Adorning the landscape of the port city are the canals that are over a hundred years old. In 1899, Santos was the point of entry for the bubonic plague into Brazil. In 1924, it became the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Santos.
In October 2006, light crude oil was discovered off the coast in the Santos basin.
Despite the fact that it is located just outside the tropics, Santos has a tropical rainforest climate with no real dry season. Tropical rainforest climates are typically found near the equator, so Santos featuring this type of climate is an exceptional situation. All months of the year averages more than 60 mm of rainfall during the course of the year. Santos features warm weather throughout the year, though June in Santos is somewhat cooler (and drier) than January. The average temperature in the city during the month of June is 23 °C, while the average temperature in January is 28 °C. Precipitation in Santos is appallingly copious, amounting to 2,081 mm (81.9 in) annually. Santos lies in one of the few isolated regions of Brazil outside of the tropical Amazon Basin that receive more than 2,000 mm (79 in) of total average precipitation annually, although nearby Ubatuba, approximately 140 km (87 mi) to the east-northeast, is considerably wetter than Santos, receiving an average of 2,645 mm (104.1 in) of precipitation annually. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Af" (Tropical Rainforest Climate).
Climate data for Santos, Brazil
|Record high °C (°F)||37.7|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.6|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||22.2|
|Record low °C (°F)||14.6|
Santos is about 79 km (49 mi) from the metropolis São Paulo, capital of the state São Paulo.
It is divided into two distinct geographic areas: the heavily urbanized island and the continental area, about 70% of which is protected. The areas differ radically in terms of population, economy and geography.
Santos has the biggest seaport in Latin America, which handled over 72 million tons in 2006. It has large industrial complexes and shipping centers, which handle a large portion of the world's coffee exports, as well as a number of other Brazilian exports including steel, oil, cars, oranges, bananas and cotton.
As of 2014, the municipality of Santos was the 6th largest exporting city, by value, in Brazil by trading $4.36B (USD) worth of goods. The top four products exported from Santos were raw sugar (23% of total exports), refined petroleum (16%), coffee(15%), and soybeans (13%).
Prices in Santos
MARKET / SUPERMARKET
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||$1.45|
|Bottle of Wine||1 bottle||$9.40|
|Dinner (Low-range)||for 2||$16.00|
|Dinner (Mid-range)||for 2||$37.00|
|Dinner (High-range)||for 2||$70.00|
|Mac Meal or similar||1 meal||$7.80|
|Beer (Imported)||0.33 l||$4.70|
|Beer (domestic)||0.5 l||$1.90|
|Coctail drink||1 drink||$7.00|
|Men’s Haircut||1 haircut||$11.00|
|Mobile (prepaid)||1 min.||$0.45|
|Pack of Marlboro||1 pack||$2.50|
|Toilet paper||4 rolls||$1.80|
CLOTHES / SHOES
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||1||$70.00|
|Dress summer (Zara, H&M)||1||$55.00|
|Sport shoes (Nike, Adidas)||1||$105.00|
|Local Transport||1 ticket||$1.20|
45 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- meals in cheap restaurant
- public transport
- cheap hotel
133 $ per day
Estimated cost per 1 day including:
- mid-range meals and drinks
Transportation - Get In
From São Paulo
- By air - Arriving the airports in São Paulo (Congonhas / CGH) or (Guarulhos / GRU), packtours can arrange convenient TAXI service to Santos, it may take slightly more than one hour to go. There are also about 8 bus service a day from Guarulhos.
- By bus - Take a taxi or the subway to Jabaquara Bus Station. There you can take a bus directly to Santos. Estimated travel time: 1 hour 20 minutes. Buses leave every 15 minutes 24 hours a day. More information: 011 50113421. The bus stops at the Centro Rodoviário and them some go on to São Vicente (Santos' twin city), some to Gonzaga (beach) and some to Ponta da Praia (on the channel, handy for taking a boat on to Guarujá). You can get off at many other stops on the bus way on, but only if you do not have luggage in the luggage trunk of the bus.
There is also a direct service from terminal 1. The Bus is Cometta and costs around 12 usd, arriving into Santos in 2h20
- By car - From São Paulo, take either rodovia Padre Anchieta ("Anchieta", SP-160) or rodovia dos Imigrantes ("Imigrantes", SP-160). Both roads have a "planalto" (plateau) section and a "serra" (mountain) section that goes down the Serra do Mar to the sea level. Anchieta being older, its mountain section is winding and narrow, while Imigrantes' is wider and mostly straight due to extensive use of tunnels and bridges. Both roads are linked through a high and a low interlink. Trucks and busses are prohibited in the mountain section of Imigrantes, and are forced to take the interlink and use Anchieta. Both roads feature a toll of about R$ 20,00 that you pay only in one direction (when leaving São Paulo). Also note that traffic is frequently deviated from one road to the other for traffic regulation purposes or road works, so you should follow the dynamic signs.
Transportation - Get Around
A good way to move around to not-so-close places. They are not very expensive and drivers are mostly friendly, although small cheats are not uncommon. To avoid it, after getting into a taxi, check if the taximeter has been started . If not, ask the taxi driver to do so.
Buses are a cheap and nice way to get around by day, although by night they become more scarce. The fare is paid either with tickets, which can be bought at most bus stops, or in cash to the driver or conductor, passing through a turnstile. Keep an eye out for pickpockets when the bus is crowded. Many people board the bus while still wet from the sea, so have a good look if your seat is dry before you sit.
Bicycles are by far the best way to move around the town, but unfortunately there are not many places where you can rent one (but plenty where you can buy). It's not allowed to ride on most of the beaches during the day. There are some "ciclovias" (bikelanes), specially a well-signed one in front of the beach. Better safe than sorry: buy a padlock as well.
By streetcar (tramway)
There are a couple of tourist routes with early XX century streetcars.
- BEST RATED -
- BEST VALUE -
- The handicraft market is the place to buy a nice souvenir from Santos. There you can find paintings, earrings, clothes, candies, esoteric stuff, flowers and the like. It's located at the end of Avenida Conselheiro Nébias, every Saturday from 14:00 to around 23:00, and Rua Conselheiro Ribas (in front of SESC) every sunday.
- Some tourists like to check the Fish Market, close to the ferry boat, where one can buy fresh fish with a very cheap price.
- Beduíno, Av. Ana Costa, 466, 3284-1702. Or Av. Marechal Floriano Peixoto, 44, - Brazilian burgers and other finger foods.
- Gotissô, Av. Saldanha da Gama, 159, 3261-1880. Japanesecuisine with affordable prices, self-service system.
- Cafe Paulista, Praça Rui Barbosa 8 (in Centro, close to the Coffee Bourse), . Nice old cafe from 1931 where the coffee bosses used to hang out. It has kept some of the former style with white table cloths, attentive servers that fill up your glass, etc. Great salads, meat, and seafood. Very good selection of Brazilian and imported wines R$15-40 for big portions.
- Vista ao Mar, Av. Bartolomeu de Gusmão, 68, 3273-4411. This seafood restaurant serves, among others, a tasty paella. The portion is huge, so it's better to come with a big group.
- Mar Del Plata, Av. Saldanha da Gama, 137, 3261-4253. Traditional seafood restaurant.
- Piccola Forneria, Av. Almirante Cochrane, 62, 3273-6699, 3271-1200. Charming Italian restaurant with a great variety of pizzas and pasta. Good selection of wines.
- Último Gole, Rua Carlos Afonseca, 214, 3284-0508. Traditional Portuguese cuisine. A nice dish of codfish, try the bacalhau Zé do Pipo.
- Point 44, Rua Jorge Tibiriça , 44 Gonzaga Santos/SP, . One of the better place to eat around the beach R$ 40 for mains.
- La Recoleta, Av. Washington Luiz, 422, 3232-2803. Argentinianrestaurant inspired on area in Buenos Aires. Mainly meat. There's a Tango performance on Tuesday nights.
- Tertulha, Av. Bartolomeu de Gusmão, 187, 3261-1641. Steak house with many options of meat, salads and desserts. The waiters went at the tables with many options of meat, that you can choose what you prefer.
Sights & Landmarks
- Dock Museum, Av. Rodrigues Alves with Rua João Alfredo, 3233-6565. Mon-Fri 7-11AM and 3-5PM. This museum tells the story of what was during the 19th century the greatest coffee dock in the world.Free.
- Statue of the dock worker, Praça Silvério de Souza. 12-meter-high statue in homage to the labor force that endured carrying tons of coffee everyday back in times.
- Coffee Stock Exchange, Rua XV de Novembro, 95, 3219-5585. Tue-Sun, 9AM-6PM. Once an active and important institution, nowadays it houses a Museum of Coffee where visitors can see the history of Coffee in Brazil. There are also some old machineries and different kinds of coffee. The building has renascentist inspiration and was reopened to the public in 1997.Adults R$4; Students and seniors R$2.
- Monte Serrat Hill, Praça Correia de Melo, 33, 3221-5665. Right in the center of the city. On the top of the hill (157m) one can have a 360 degrees view of all Santos and adjacent cities (like Guaruja). Full of restaurants and coffee bars. If climbing is not your sport, you can take the tram (R$12,50).
- Beach front garden. The longest beach front garden in the world according to the Guinness with 5335 meters long. Just go to the beach and you will find it.
- Aquarium., 3236-9996. Av. Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Ponta da Praia. The first public aquarium in Brazil featuring hundreds of sea creatures of the Brazilian seas. Tue to Sat, 9:00 to 18:00. R$ 5,00, students pay R$ 2,50 and free for children under 12.
- Church of Embare., Av. Bartolomeu de Gusmão, 32, 3227-5977. Gothic church built in 1946. Everyday from 8:00 to 20:00. No admission fee.
- Orchid Garden plus Zoobotanic garden at Praça Washington Luis at the end of Avenida General Francisco Glicério, 200 metres from beach and 300 metres from São Vicente border. Small entrance fee. Several green houses full of orchids. Small local animals loose in the garden: turtles, pacas. Walk in fenced garden with loose large birds: tucanos, macaws.
- Benedicto Calixto Art Collecion at Bartolomeu de Gusmão Avenue, 15 (near a touristic guide place) is a beautiful mansion house with a permanent exhibition of paintings by Benedicto Calixto and an art library. Worth visiting the beautiful indoor garden.
Center East area
- Santos Futebol Club., 3239-4000. Rua Princesa Isabel. The famous club where Pele played most of his career exhibits some glories and trophies of the past and present. Interesting only for football fanatics. From 9:00 to 11:30 and 13:30 to 18:00. No admission fee.
Things to do
- People from São Paulo often go to Santos to lie down under the sun and enjoy the beach. Santos beaches are not the most beautiful in the Paulista Coast, but they are still popular and a good place for a walk. Once there, you may try some coconuts (R$ 4.00) or buy handicrafts. If you can't find the vendors, don't worry, they will find you.
- Walk on the XV de Novembro Street. Located in the center of Santos, the street used to be where the office s of Coffee Lords were located. The interesting colonial architecture and the many bars and Cafes around make it a pleasant walk in the ending afternoon.
- Trams in Santos date back to 1861. You can still ride them and take a peek in all main attractions of the center. Tours costs R$5,00 and leaves from Maua Square (Praca Maua).
- Double Deck tour travels along the beach front on Saturdays and Sundays in summer, and during the rest of the year, on long holiday weekends. Departure point is near the Aquarium. A guide points out the main attractions along the route. Departures: Municipal Aquarium (Neighborhood: Ponta da Praia)tickets costs: R$4
Bars in Santos are usually crowded and lively during the weekends. Many bars offer live MPB music (Popular Brazilian Music). Beer, caipirinha and batidas are found everywhere.
- Armazém 29, Rua Pindorama, 29, 3289-4629. A very informal bar where people go after a day at the beach. Santistas say they serve the best caipirinha in town.
- Barão do Café, Av. Ana Costa, 547, 32861603. Thematic bar that celebrates the glorious times of the coffee in Brazil. Old photos of the city on the walls. Live music from Wednesday to Sunday at nights.
- Chop Santista, Av. Vicente de Carvalho, 54, 3284-5428. Huge bar with two separated rooms, one with live music, that stays very crowded in the weekends. A lot of flirting.
- Heinz, Rua Lincoln Feliciano, 54, 3286-1875. A more traditional option with a not-so-young crowd. They serve good German food and appetizers to go with the beer.
Safety in Santos
Santos is infamous for beach pollution, and during most of the year, swimming on its beaches is not advised. A red flag of CETESB in the beach indicates that it is not suitable for swimming (information also available online ).
You will probably see plenty of people swimming on the beaches, and some sanitarians argue that CETESB's indicators are too conservative. Nonetheless, if you want to play safe, it is better to go the neighboring city of Guarujá for swimming.